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BOStrab Guidance Regulations (Technishe Regeln Spurführung - TR Sp

)
Appendix 4
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Appendix 4

Minimum wheel support width and/or minimum
flange tip width
The investigation of both the minimum tread contact width and the minimum flange tip
width required to support the wheel can be undertaken using the same methodology
because both cases can be approximated to a Hertzian contact pairing, in which a line
contact can be assumed between a cylinder and a plane.
This is generally a good approximation because the curvature of the contact between
wheel and rail in the transverse direction is effectively flat when compared to the curvature
of the wheel in the longitudinal axis of the rails.
The criterion for the contact stress is the Hertzian compression with its maximum value
pmax. This value is determined by the material characteristics as well as of the wheel
diameter, the wheel load and the contact width, i.e. the minimum wheel tread contact width
or the minimum width of the flange tip, such that the stress through the Hertzian pressure
does not exceed the limits of the materials of the wheel and rail.
For the line contact between a cylinder and a flat plane the Hertzian pressure is calculated
from

p max =

FN ⋅ E
π ⋅ d ⋅ bmin ⋅ 1 − ν 2

(

)

where

E

Elastic modulus of the material

v

Poisson’s Ratio for the material

pmax Hertzian Pressure
FN

Maximum wheel load

d

Wheel diameter

bmin Minimum contact width

the minimum wheel support width and/or the smallest flange tip width can be calculated in relation to • the elastic limit of the material strength with the Hertzian contact stress (pressure) plim • the wheel load FN. for which the Modulus of Elasticity ( E ) = 2.67 Rp0. Applying the reference stress to the Tresca / St.BOStrab Guidance Regulations (Technishe Regeln Spurführung . in order to avoid large and cumulative permanent plastic deformations. lie beneath the elastic limit for the material Rp0.3.1 • 105 N/mm2 and the Poissons ratio ( v ) = 0.TR Sp) Appendix 4 Page 2 of 8 For steel. and • the wheel diameter d .2 from which plim < 1.2 From that.6 Rp0. Venant hypotheses. that from the reference stress the corresponding (shear stress?) can be determined from hypotheses for the deformation strain. the smallest contact width bmin (in mm) is dependent upon the wheel diameter d (in mm). the material dependent limit plim which may not be exceeded.6 plim This reference stress must. the resulting maximum shear stress for the material σVSmax is given by σVSmax = 0. the maximum wheel load FN (in N) and the Hertzian compression pmax (in N/mm2). and is given by bmin = 73456 ⋅ FN p lim ⋅ d 2 The determination of the material specific limit for plim results from assumptions for the stress condition. σVSmax < 0.2.

wheel diameter and wheel load. Examples for two wheel materials of differing strength are shown in diagrams 4. and/or the minimal flange tip width required for running in flat groove rails is significant.TR Sp) Appendix 4 Page 3 of 8 The minimum wheel support width to be prepared bmin. that model the actual situation more exactly. 4. .4 and 4.5. The calculation quoted here is for a simplified observation based approach to the calculation of the minimum wheel support width and/or the minimum width of the flange tip in relation to the various values for material strength. The characteristic values for the wheel material are used to calculate the minimum wheel support width if the rail material has the greater strength. that is to be allowed for especially for in switch installations in narrow curves.BOStrab Guidance Regulations (Technishe Regeln Spurführung . Examples of the resulting minimum width in relation to wheel diameter and wheel load for various qualities of rail materials with varying strengths are shown in diagrams 4.3.2 and 4. for example with Finite-element analysis methods.1. More detailed evaluation. or by proof under actual operating conditions can allow for deviation from the values that can be determined from the calculation method recommended above.

BOStrab Guidance Regulations (Technishe Regeln Spurführung .1: Calculated minimum wheel support width for an S700 grade rail having a yield strength of 460 MPa .TR Sp) Appendix 4 Page 4 of 8 Diagram 4.

BOStrab Guidance Regulations (Technishe Regeln Spurführung .2: Calculated minimum wheel support width for an S800 grade rail having a yield strength of 520 MPa .TR Sp) Appendix 4 Page 5 of 8 Diagram 4.

TR Sp) Appendix 4 Page 6 of 8 Diagram 4.BOStrab Guidance Regulations (Technishe Regeln Spurführung .3: Calculated minimum wheel support width for an S900A grade rail having a yield strength of 580 MPa .

BOStrab Guidance Regulations (Technishe Regeln Spurführung .TR Sp) Appendix 4 Page 7 of 8 Diagram 4.4: Calculated minimum wheel support width for a tyre steel of yield strength 416 MPa .

BOStrab Guidance Regulations (Technishe Regeln Spurführung .5: Calculated minimum wheel support width for a tyre steel of yield strength 580 MPa .TR Sp) Appendix 4 Page 8 of 8 Diagram 4.