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- Experiment 101 RESOLUTION OF FORCES
- E105 Friction
- E102-Kinematics
- PHY10L-E106
- E104 Newton's Second Law of Motion
- E205: Hooke's Law
- E106
- E104
- Experiment 102
- phy10L E103 Projectile Motion
- Conclusion E103
- PHY10 E102
- Conclusion E105
- E103 Projectile Motion
- e103 Projectile
- PHY10 E101
- PHY10L - E102
- phy11L e204.docx
- Conclusion E104
- E101 - Resolution of Vectors

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Besides the topics that we have already talked about, specifically the

resolution of forces, kinematics, projectile motion, and newtons second law of

motion, there is also friction. Any object that movies in any direction experiences

an opposing force from air or from another body in contact. That force tends to

either slow down or completely stop the motion of that object. That force which

opposes the motion of the object is called as friction. Friction can manifest in either

as a static or kinetic friction. Static friction or frictional resistance is greater to the

point where the body is about to start its motion. Once the body is in motion, a

lesser amount of resistance, this resistance is called the kinetic friction. Usually

when there are friction between two objects, the surface generates sounds, lights,

and heat energy. It can also be referred as the retarding force of even drag force in

the form of air resistance.

Frictional Force is found to be directly proportional to the normal force

which is represented by N which can be mathematically represented as:

f N

f =kN

proportionality which will result to:

f =N

If the body slides down the incline due to its own weight, the angle between

the horizontal and the incline is called the angle of repose.

If it is along the y-axis it can be represented as: F y =0 , N=W cos

=

f Wsin

=

, =tan

N Wcos

Thus, the coefficient of friction is equal to the tangent of the angle of repose.

For our experiment 105 entitled Friction. We will need 1.5m string, a meter

stick, a pan, a wooden block, a platform balance, an inclined plane with pulley, and

one set of weights.

We are also asked to clean the surface of the wooden block and plane by

wiping them with a piece of scratch paper or tissue to remove dust and other

particles. We also made sure not to touch the surface we will use in this experiment

so that we can avoid contamination.

friction. What we did was to first position the wooden plane horizontally. The next

thing is we recorded the weight of the block and the pan which was written on it.

The next thing we did was to tie one end of the string to the blocks hook and the

other end to the pan passing over the pulley of the plane. We then made necessary

adjustments on the string so that the block will have a room for displacement along

the track. We then planed the narrow side of the block on top of the track. We then

slowly added weights on the plan until we can observe a uniform sliding motion or

constant motion of the block along the track. We then recorded that. We then

repeated this for four more time to get 5 trials. We then calculated the for each

trial and determine its average value after wards. The following is a photograph of

the set-up, the table, and the graph:

TRIAL

(Wblock + Weightadded)

(Wpan + Weightadded)

Coefficient Friction

Wb

Wp

130.8 g

30 g

0.23

170.8 g

35 g

0.20

130.8 g

30 g

0.23

250.8 g

55 g

0.22

290.8 g

60 g

0.21

Coefficient

Friction,

0.22

Average

Determination of the Coefficient of Friction

350

300

290.8

250.8

250

200

Weightpan + Weightadded

150

170.8

130.8

100

50

0

25

30

35

40

45

50

Weightblock + Weightadded

55

60

65

repose. What we did first was to remove the string that is tied to the block then

place the block, facing its wider side, to the center of the planes surface. We then

gradually increased the inclination of the plane until such time that we can observe

the same type of motion the block had, in the first part of the procedure. We then

measured the corresponding vertical height and horizontal distance then recorded

them. We then repeated this until we got to 5 trials. We then computed the

coefficient of friction by getting the tangent of then angle. The result and a

photograph of our set up is as follows:

Vertical Height

Horizontal Distance

TRIAL

h

b

tan

1

28 cm

109 cm

0.257

2

34 cm

123 cm

0.276

3

26 cm

96 cm

0.271

4

30 cm

112 cm

0.268

5

32 cm

122.5 cm

0.261

14.41

15.45o

15.15o

15o

14.64o

Based on the gathered data in the experiment, increasing the vertical height

and the horizontal distance will make the coefficient friction a little constant just

like in the first part of the experiment.

For the third part of our experiment which is the determination of maximum

force that causes uniform motion, we first set up the track at an angle of 20o. The

next think we did was to add weights on the pan until there is constant upward

acceleration of the block. We then recorded the weights then using Newtons first

law of motion, determined the theoretical value of the Wp that will cause the block

to slide up at a constant speed,

By summing up forces along x and y- axes, and equating the forces to zero,

the theoretical value of Wp is:

F x =0

W p=f +W b sin; f =N

F x =0

N=W b cos

Therefore,

W p= W h cos +W b sin

We then calculated the Wp using the formula above. It will serve as our AV

or calculated value. We then used the average coefficient from part 1and observed

the value. The picture of the set-up and the table for our graph are as our follows:

TRIAL

1

2

3

13 o

15o

17o

Wp (calculated)

57.46 g

71.08 g

85.87 g

Wp

(experimental)

60 g

70 g

85 g

Percent

Difference

4.42%

1.52%

1.01%

4

5

19o

21o

101 g

118.84 g

100 g

115 g

1%

3.23%

CONCLUSION

To determine the coefficient of friction which is represented by between

the contact surfaces as one body moves with uniform motion. We did the first part

of the experiment. The result of our experiment was 0.23, 0.20, 0.23, and 0.21.

What we did was to set the track horizontally. We then tied the string to the hook of

the block and the other end to the pulley. We then added weights to the pan which

is at 30, 35, 55, and 60 grams. We gave a little push to the block in order to remove

static friction. After that we divided the weight of the pan and the added weights to

the weight of the block and its added weight. And the results are what is writing

above. We also found that if we used the small or the bigger part of the block, there

will still be constant motion. We also found that the weight of the pan and its added

weight is directly proportional to the weight of the block and its added weight. By

getting the average the results of our experiment, we then conclude that the

coefficient of friction between the contact surfaces as one body is equal to 0.22.

To establish the relationship between the angle of repose and coefficient of

friction. All the forces that are involved are being translated with relation to the

surfaces inclination. We know that there is a normal force that pushes down the

object. And if we set the angle of repose as , it will result to two components the

x-axis and the y-axis which will contribute to the object sliding. For the y-axis it is

the Wcos for the x-axis it is the Wsin. The Wsin is parallel to the surface and

Wcos is perpendicular to the surface. Since the system will be in equilibrium,

Wsin is also equal to the frictional force and the Wcos is also equal to the

normal force. If we determine the coefficient of friction, it will result to

F Wsin

=

=tan . We can see now that we can relate coefficient to the tangent of

N Wcos

.

350

300

290.8

250.8

250

200

Weightpan + Weightadded

170.8

150

130.8

100

50

0

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

60

65

Weightblock + Weightadded

Graph:

Slope: 0.196969697

Interpretation: The Weight of the pan and its added weight is directly proportional

to the weight of the block and its added weight.

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