teori & sejarah desain arsitektur 1

geometri (dan aturan) sebagai teori arsitektur

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renaissance
setiadi sopandi

merchant class & roman catholic church as patron of the arts: philosophy science arts & architecture

lorenzo de medici medici family was the patron of the great renaissance artists, such as brunelleschi and michelangelo

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art historiography:
giorgio vasari

technical development: perspective

polymaths:
filippo bruneleschi 1377-1446 donato bramante 1444-1514 michelangelo buonarotti 1475-1564 antonio da sangallo 1485-1546 raphael 1483-1520 baldassare peruzzi 1481-1536 guilio romano 1499-1546 giacomo della porta 1533-1602

architectural theory:
leon battista alberti 1402-1472 sebastiano serlio 1475-1554 andrea palladio 1508-1580

medieval tapestry

medieval fresco bulgary, 13th century

medieval painting

medieval painting

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cenni di pepo (giovanni) cimabue c. 1240 - c. 1302

cenni di pepo (giovanni) cimabue c. 1240 - c. 1302

lamentation giotto di bondone ca. 1305

legend of st. francis giotto di bondone ca. 1305

marriage at cana giotto di bondone ca. 1305

the holy trinity, santa maria novella masaccio 15th century

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fresco with trompe l'oeuil andrea pozzo jesuit church vienna

perspective brunelleschi developed the technique by studying architecture in rome, 15th century the main concern of the renaissance architect was with the defining, ordering and controlling of his visible universe this would achieve by means of graphic representations the most rudimentary graphic system, geometry, was an essential tool for the accurate recording of architectural information

principles in perspective application of perspective as a tool for architectural designs

baldassare peruzzi

pierro della francesca c.1470 view of an ideal city

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“a man can do all things if he will”
leon battista alberti

allegory of a bad architect philibert de l’orme 1568

allegory of a good architect

philosophical development: humanism

aesthetic: return to classicism
studying classical texts regularity symmetry proportion geometry

human worth and individual dignity can be achieved through liberal arts: art music grammar rhetoric oratory history poetry against medieval christian ideals

empiricism positivism

man is the measure of all things structure behind appearances is rationally organized knowledge comes from empirical investigation

study of human or living creature anatomy leonardo da vinci c1490

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“all steps of learning should be sought from nature“
leon battista alberti

the ten books on architecture vitruvius 80 bc - 25 bc re-drawn by leonardo da vinci

classical proportion re-reading of vitruvius

giorgio vasari 1511-1574 le vite delle più eccellenti pittori, scultori, ed architettori lives of the most excellent painters, sculptors, and architects palazzo farnese

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palazzo medici-riccardi michelozzo 1444-1459

filippo brunelleschi 1377-1446

pazzi chapel, florence, 1429-1451 filippo brunelleschi

ospedale degli innocenti (1419-ca.1445), or foundling hospital filippo brunelleschi

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st. lorenzo 1421-1440 florence filippo brunelleschi

punctual use of golden section

sagrestia vecchia, or old sacristy of st. lorenzo (1421-1440) florence filippo brunelleschi

sagrestia vecchia, or old sacristy of st. lorenzo (1421-1440) filippo brunelleschi

florence cathedral’s dome 1420-1436 filippo brunelleschi

florence cathedral’s dome 1420-1436 filippo brunelleschi

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basilica santa maria novella 1470 leon battista alberti

leon battista alberti 1402-1472

leon battista alberti Book One: Lineaments
Book Two: Materials

de re aedificatoria Book Three: Construction the ten books of architecture Book Five: Works of Individuals 1443-1452 Book Six: Ornament
Book Four: Public Works

Book Seven: Ornament to Sacred Buildings Book Nine: Ornament to Private Buildings Book Ten: Restoration of Buildings

the first theoretical book on architecture Book Eight: Ornament to Public Secular Buildings

vitruvius tells architects how buildings were be built

alberti tells architects how buildings should be built
sant‘andrea, mantua (begun 1471)

tempietto of st. pietro, rome 1502 bramante tempietto of st. pietro, rome 1502 bramante

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laurentian library 1524-1557 michelangelo

laurentian library 1524-1557 michelangelo

laurentian library 1524-1557 michelangelo

laurentian library 1524-1557 michelangelo

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ideal city, bramante, c1500

villas
andrea palladio 1508-1580

vitruvius tells architects how buildings were be built

alberti tells architects how buildings should be built
i quattro libri dell‘architettura the four books of architecture 1570

palladio tells architects how buildings should be built: by examples of his own work

http://www.epalladio.com/villas.html

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villa rotonda

villa angarano

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villa barbaro

villa barbaro

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This theater has seven hallways designed as streets of the city of Thebes, Greece, introducing the idea of artistic perspective into Renaissance theater. The idea behind the seven hallways is to provide each spectator with a view down at least one of the streets. An effective trompe-l'oeil prospectic technique is used to provide the illusion of long streets within few meters of real space. teatro olimpico 1585

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kuis max 2 lembar A4, tulis tangan dikumpulkan minggu depan, sebelum kuliah

cari pengertian:

baroque , rococco, neo-classicism, romanticism
1. sebagai periode sejarah 2. sebagai gerakan estetis dalam seni rupa dan arsitektur 3. sebagai gagasan

lengkapi dengan ilustrasi berupa sketsa, foto, gambar, dll lengkapi dengan sumber referensi (buku, website, dll.) – perhatikan standar mengutip sumber referensi (nama pengarang/ penulis, judul buku/ artikel, tahun penerbitan, penerbit)

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