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(LANGUAGE COURSE)

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Natural
Selection

Breed

Darwin's Theory of Evolution is the widely held notion that all life is related and has descended
from a common ancestor: the birds and the bananas, the fishes and the flowers all related. Darwin's general
theory presumes the development of life from non-life and stresses a purely naturalistic (undirected) descent
with modification. That is, complex creatures evolve from more simplistic ancestors naturally over time. In
a nutshell, as random genetic mutations occur within an organism's genetic code, the beneficial mutations
are preserved because they aid survival a process known as natural selection. These beneficial mutations
are passed on to the next generation. Over time, beneficial mutations accumulate and the result is an entirely
different organism (not just a variation of the original, but an entirely different creature).
Ref: Website:http:/www.allaboutscience.org/darwins-theory-of-evolution.htm.
In Spencer's view, evolution is actually a progressive movement towards an "equilibrium" where
individual beings change their characteristics and habits until they are perfectly adapted to
circumstances and no more change is called for. Thus, Spencer's evolutionary mechanism is not only
ultimately cumulant (i.e. it ends), but he also draped it in utilitarital teleological glitter, i.e. the idea that it is
"progressive" in an ethical or moral sense-an adequately Victorian notion!
Ref: website http://cepa.newschool.edu/het/profiles/spencer.htm

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Deccre

Lexicon

Dictionary Book dealing normally in alphabetical order with the words of a language or of some
special subject, author etc..

Dictionary, a book listing words
of a language, with their meaning in the same or another language usually in alphabetical order, often with
date regarding pronounciation, origin and usage.

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Abate

Abatement

Abbreviation

Abdicate










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registration, enrolement

leanred,
wise, proficient, skillful, expert, scholar

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