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UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE I NTE RNAT]ONAL EXAM I NATIONS

General Certificate of Education Orclinarv Leve!


HISTORY

2171t02

Paper 2
MayiJune 2006

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Additional Materials:

Answer Booklet/Paper

2 hours 15 minutes

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READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST

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lf you have been given an Answer Booklet, follow the instructions


on the front cover of the Booklel.
Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you
hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencir for any diagrams, graphs, or rough working.
Do not use stapres, paper crips, highrighters, grue or correci-ion fruid"

Answer four questions.


You must answer ouestion 1 and one other question from section
A, one question from section B and one
question from Section C.
At the end of the examinaiion, fasten ail your work securery together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ at the end of Laci question
]
or pan question.

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This document consists of 5 printed pages and 3 blank pages.


sP (SJF3790) T01565/3
O UCLES 2006

UNTVERSITY o/ CAMBRIDGE

International Examinations

Section A
History of Brunei, 1800-1967
Answer Question 1 and one other question from this section.
Read the extracts and then answer the questions which follow.

Sultan Hashim Aqamaddin and the Protectorate Agreements, 1888 and 1905-6
Extract

A: lBBB British Brunei Protectorate Treaty

Sultan Hashim Aqamaddin was determined to stop further losses of land. So in


1BB7 he appealed to the British for support and in lBBB he signed the Protectorate
Agreement. He expected help from the British if he had problems. Britain's purposes
in signing the Treaty were different to Hashim's, being mainly concerned with
preventing other European countries becoming involved in Brunei.
Extract B: 1905-6 Supplementary Agreement

When Britain failed to act after Limbang was seized, Sultan Hashim felt that he had
been cheated and Britain was not keeping its promises. Sarawak and the British
North Borneo Company continued to expand at Brunei's expense. All the Sultan's
efforts to get Limbang back failed and further problems arose when there were
disorders among the people of Belait and Tutong.

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Then the British government sent J.S. McArthur to investigate the situation and
report. After receiving his report, Sultan Hashim agreed to sign the Supplementary
P

rotectorate Agreement.

(a)

State three ways that Sultan Hashim made protests 'When Britain failed to act after Limbang
was seized'. (Extract B, line 6.)
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(b)

Why was Sultan Hashim 'determined to stop further losses' of land before IBBZ? (Extract A,
line 1.)
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(c)

Why did the Sultan feel 'that he had been cheated' by Britain after Limbang was seized?
(Extract B, lines 6-7.)

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(d)

What conditions were made by Sultan Hashim when he 'agreed to sign the Supplementary
Protectorate Agreement'? (Extract B, lines 12-13.)
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(e) How was the Sultan;s

position affected when he 'agreed to sign the Supplementary

Protectorate Agreement', 1905-6? (Extract B, lines

O UCLES 2006

2171t02tMtJt/06

12-j3.)

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, :.trniC CanCitions
in Brunei in

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the 1800s.

,;rr rl,.tL*.r resources traded by Brunei in

the lBOOs.

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' political checkpoints established


a]ong the rivers of Brunei?

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traders use the mouths of rivers as places to do


business with

natives?

itow the Wazirs assisted the Sultan


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on between Brunei and overseas countries in the


eighteenth and
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'.,", Ontar Ati Saifuddien lll.

ri iire responsibilities of the Tujuh Serangkai.

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Hahman plan to incrude Sabah, sarawak and Brunei


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Malaysia? t4l

rls *f tne partai Rakyat Brunei (pRB)?


i.,i,ii..r:"ri..nt

r'iit-,{-,rtance

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of Brunei,s natural gas industry.

of the

.1959

Bruner Constitution.

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O r:Cl-ES 2006

217 1 1OZ/M/J106

[Turn over

Section B
History of Malaya, 1800-1963
Answer either Question 4 or Question 5.

The Federated Matay States, 1896.

(a) Give three problems for Pahang in the 1890s.

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do?

(c)

What was the Durbar and what did it

(d)

Why was the Residential System

(e)

Describe the achievements of the Federated Malay

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replaced?

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States.

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The Formation of Malaysia, 1963.

(a)

Name the three territories which gained independence from Britain as


formation of

Malaysia.

(b) Why was the Malayan

result of the
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government against a merger with Singapore before

1961?

(di What part did the United Nations play in setting up Malaysia?
(e)

Describe the different responses in Singapore to the plan to merge with

O UCLES 2006

2171/02tMtJil06

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Malaysia.

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Section C

History of Southeast Asia, 1800-1950


Answer one question from this section.
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In

don esia: N ationalism.

(a) Name three lndonesian nationalist


(b) What contribution

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did Dr Husado make to lndonesian nationalism?

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(c)

Why was the Partai Komunis lndonesia almost wiped out by 1927?

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(d)

How did the Dutch react to growing lndonesian nationalism?

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(e)

Describe the career of Dr Sukarno in achieving independence.

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Thailand: Mongkut (King Rama lV).

(a) Give three

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organisations.

ways in which Mongkut's background as a monk helped him when he became

King.

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(b)

How did Mongkut try to make closer contacts with people as King?

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(c)

How did Mongkut encourage the spread of education in Siam?

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(d)

How successful was Mongkut in modernising Siam?

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(e)

Describe Mongkut's policy

of

making friendly relations with Britain and other Western

countries.

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Philippines under Spanish Rule in the nineteenth century.

(a)

Give three changes demanded by the Propaganda

(b)

What was the importance of Carlos Maria de la Torre as Spain's Governor-General of the
Philippines (1869-71)?
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(c)

Why was Jos6 Rizal

(d)

What was

(e)

Describe the events of the Revolution against Spanish rule between '1896 and

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O UCLES 2006

Movement.

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executed?

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Katipunan?

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2171ljAMtJl/06

1898.

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