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VELAMMAL ENGINEERING COLLEGE

Ramapuram, Chennai 600 089.


Department of Civil Engg
GE6351- Environmental science and Engineering
QUESTION BANK
UNIT I ENVIRONMENTAL, ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY
PART A QUESTIONS

1. Define Environment
2. State the need for public awareness for solving environmental problems.
1. Define Ecosystem and Ecology.
2. Mention three major ecosystems.
3. What are Natural and Artificial ecosystems?
4. Write the structure of an ecosystem?
5. What are the different functions of an ecosystem?
6. What is Producer?
7. What is Decomposer?
8. What is Consumer?
9. What is the work of the Decomposer?
10. What is energy flow?
11. Briefly explain the energy flow through ecosystems.
12. Define Ecological succession?
13. Write different types of ecological succession.
14. Write a short note on Food Chain.
15. Write a short note on Food Web.
16. Define Ecological Pyramid.
17. Write the different types of ecological pyramids.
18. Write a short account of Desert ecosystem.
19. Explain biosphere
20. What is bio-diversity and what is its significance?
21. Define genetic diversity.
22. Define species diversity.
23. Define ecosystems diversity.
24. Mention the bio-geographic regions of India.
25. Mention some methods used for biodiversity valuation.
26. Write a short note on Consumptive Value of biodiversity.
27. Write a short note on Productive Value of biodiversity.
28. Write a short note on Social Value of biodiversity.
29. Write a short note on Ethical Value of biodiversity.
30. Write a short note on Aesthetic Value of biodiversity.
31. Mention few bioreserve centers of Tamil Nadu.
32. Write the Hot Spot regions of India.
33. What is Hot Spot of Biodiversity?
34. What criteria are considered for recognizing the Hot Spots?
GE 6351- Environmental Science and Engineering
Dept of Civil Engg, EEC, Ramapuram,

35. Mention few reasons for Habitat loss.


36. What is Endangered Species?
37. Why poaching of Wildlife is happening?
38. Give you suggestion to solve the Man-Wildlife Conflict.
39. What is endemic species?
40. List out the Endemic Species of India.
41. What is in-situ conservation of biodiversity?
42. What is ex-situ conservation of biodiversity? List out the different methods of ex-situ
43.

conservation.
Why biodiversity should be conserved?

PART B QUESTIONS

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Explain the structure and function of an ecosystem?


Discuss the components of ecosystems.
Explain the energy flow of an ecosystem.
Explain the following.
Ecological Succession, Food Chain, Food Web and Ecological Pyramid
Explain features and functions of Forest ecosystem.
Explain features and functions of Grass land ecosystem.
Explain features and functions of Aquatic ecosystem.
Explain the bio geographical classification of India.
Explain how India is considered to be Mega diversity nation.
Explain the various threats of biodiversity and the measures recommended for
conservation of biodiversity.
List out the endangered species of India.
Explain how the biodiversity can be conserved.
Explain methods of in-situ conservation of biodiversity.
Explain methods of ex-situ conservation of biodiversity.
UNIT II

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
PART A QUESTIONS

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What is meant by Hazardous Waste? Give one example for it.


What are the main constituents of urban / municipal solid wastes?
Distinguish between aerobic and anaerobic decomposition.
Explain the following terms i) Sedimentation, ii) Composting & iii) Sewage.
State two merits and demerits of i) Sanitary landfill and ii) Incineration.
Various forms of Environmental Stress.
Define air pollution and name few major air pollutants.
Sketch the various stages of solid waste management.
What are the standards specified in India for ambient air quality?
List the processing techniques in solid waste management?
Name any four water pollutants and their sources and effects.
Name the sources and effects of marine pollution.
Define thermal pollution.
GE 6351- Environmental Science and Engineering
Dept of Civil Engg, EEC, Ramapuram,

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Define photochemical smog.


What ate the types of solid wastes?
Write two causes of soil pollution?
When does sound cause noise pollution?

PART B QUESTIONS

1. Contagious diseases, which ironically originates from the very sector responsible for
healing and curing the society substantiate this statement. What is Bio-medical
waste? Explain the categories of Bio-medical waste, their treatment and mode of
disposal.
2. Discuss about Current Environmental Issues in India with case study.
3. Write short notes for the following
i) Stages of Hazardous Waste, ii) Love canal, iii) Air Pollution
iv) Industrial effluents and their pathological effects on man
4. Draw the typical flow diagram for Municipal sewage treatment plant and explain the
treatment process in detail.
5. Explain the various stages of Solid waste management in detail with neat sketch.
6. What are the causes of groundwater pollution?
7. Define Sewage. Explain the Municipal sewage treatment process with
layout and flow diagram in detail.
8. Write short notes for the following
i) e-Waste and their impacts on human being.
ii) Air Pollution control Technologies
9. Discuss the various aspects of prevention and control of noise.
10. What are the sources of radioactive pollutants? Explain in detail.
UNIT III

NATURAL RESOURCES
PART A QUESTIONS

3. What is Natural Resource?


4. Mention few natural resources.
5. What are biotic and abiotic resources?
6. How the forest is useful to mankind?
7. Define sustainable forestry?
8. What is deforestation?
9. What are the problems created by deforestation?
10. How the mining and dam construction activities affect the tribal people?
11. What are the problems caused by the over utilization of ground water?
12. Write a short note on Water conflict.
13. Give your give suggestions to solve the Water Conflict problem.
14. What are the benefits of dam?
15. What type of problems is caused by dam construction?
16. How the mineral resource is useful?
17. State the environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources.
18. Write the two major types of mining operations.
GE 6351- Environmental Science and Engineering
Dept of Civil Engg, EEC, Ramapuram,

19. Write various methods involving in mining and processing of ores?


20. What type of environmental management should be taken in mining processes?
21. What is over grazing?
22. How the pesticides affect our human health?
23. What is water logging?
24. What is salinity of the soil?
25. What are renewable resources? Mention few examples.
26. What are non - renewable resources? Mention few examples.
27. Write a note on Solar Energy?
28. Write a note on Wind Energy?
29. Write a note on Geothermal Energy?
30. Write a note on Tidal Energy?
31. Write a note on Bio mass Energy?
32. What is energy conservation & how it can be conserved?
33. How the land is used as a resource?
34. What is land degradation?
35. What are the factors responsible for land degradation?
36. How the land degradation can be controlled?
37. What is afforestation?
38. How the human activities induce landslides?
39. What is soil erosion? Mention few reasons for soil erosion.
40. What is soil erosion? What impact is caused by soil erosion?
41. What is desertification? Mention the factors responsible for desertification.
42. Define sustainable development.
43. What type of practice you can adopt for sustainable development.
44. Mention the role of an individual in conservation of natural resources.

PART B QUESTIONS

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Why public awareness is needed for environmental protection?


Explain the effects of deforestation and over utilization of ground water.
Discuss the ill effects of deforestation.
What are the measures recommended for conservation of natural resources?
Explain how the mining and dam construction activities affect the forests and tribal
people?
Explain with examples how the mining activities affect the environment?
What type of alternate energy can you suggest for meeting our present energy crisis?
Explain briefly the various methods of harvesting solar energy.
What is land degradation? Explain factors responsible and controlling measures of land
degradation.
What is soil erosion? Explain causes, impacts and controlling measures of soil erosion.
Explain desertification and its consequences. How it can be managed?
What can you do for conserving natural resources?
UNIT IV

SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT


GE 6351- Environmental Science and Engineering
Dept of Civil Engg, EEC, Ramapuram,

PART A QUESTIONS
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What is Sustainable development?


How the urban area faces energy problem?
What is water conservation? Why water should be conserved?
Mention few water conservation techniques
What is Rain Water Harvesting? Why is it needed?
Write short note on Watershed management
What type of problems arises in resettlement and rehabilitation of people?
Write a short on Environmental Ethics.
Mention few Environmental Issues
What is Global Warming?
What is Green House Effect?
What are green house gases?
What are the effects of global warming?
What is Acid Rain?
What are the problems caused by acid rain?
What is Ozone depletion and ozone hole?
What is the significance of ozone layer?
Mention few reasons for wasteland formation?
Write a short note on Consumerism and Waste products
Plastics are not safe for environment why
What is E-waste?
Write a short note on Environment Protection Act
Write a short note on Air Act
Write a short note on Water Act
Write a short note on Wildlife Protection Act
Write a short note on Forest Conservation Act
Mention a few important issues involved in enforcement of environment legislation

PART B QUESTIONS

01. What is Sustainable development? Explain how we can attain sustainable


development.
02. Explain various methods of RWH Programme.
03. Write an essay on Environmental Ethics.
04. Explain causes, effects and controlling measures of global warming.
05. What is acid rain? How is formed? Write its impacts.
06. What is ozone layer? Why it is depleting? Explain effects of ozone depletion.
07. Explain various Acts formulated by our Government to conserve and protect natural
resources.
08. Explain what are the issues involved in enforcement of environment legislation.
09. Explain how public awareness can be created to protect our environment?
10. Write short notes on
i. Environmental ethics
ii. Wasteland reclamation
11. State the important provision in Environment Protection Act, Air Act and Water Act.
12. Write briefly on the community participation in environment management
programmes
13. Explain the mechanism of ozone layer depletion.
14. Write in detail about global warming.
15. Discuss the agenda for sustainable development.
GE 6351- Environmental Science and Engineering
Dept of Civil Engg, EEC, Ramapuram,

UNIT V

HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT


PART A QUESTIONS

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Write a short note on Population growth rate


How the population distribution varying with reference to different nations.
Mention various reasons for population explosion
How the population explosion can be controlled? (Or)
How the population stabilization can be achieved?
What is anthropogenic pollution?
Write a short note on Human Right
Write a short note on Value Education
What is AIDS? How it spreads?
How AIDS can be prevented?
What are the diseases commonly affects the children?
How the Children Health/Welfare can be protected?
What is population explosion?
State how environment and human health are related?
PART B QUESTIONS

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Explain various impacts caused by population explosion over environment


Explain how our health is affected by environmental pollution?
Write in detail on Value Education
Discuss briefly on the reasons for the population explosion.
Discuss the environmental and social impacts of growing population.
Write briefly on implementation of Family planning Programme.
Write a note on AIDS in developing countries.
Discuss the factors influencing the family size.
Write an essay on role of Information Technology in Environment
Write a short note on remote sensing and GIS.

Prepared by
M.THILLAI BACKIAM

Approved by

GE 6351- Environmental Science and Engineering


Dept of Civil Engg, EEC, Ramapuram,