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notes:

source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1

965

3341

2105

1922

1224

1924

1225

967

3044

1928

85

3436

2142

971

1965

1244

968

3362

2109

1159

1859

969

3369

2112

10

971

3365

2110

11

1556

3382

2119

12

561

3027

1915

13

546

2956

1876

14

1862

3041

1925

15

1129

3043

1927

16

1215

2002

1262

17

86

2407

1558

18

320

2434

1576

19

354

880

593

20

436

855

572

21

308

462

338

22

309

2474

1601

23

1582

2248

1437

24

39

2187

1385

25

580

2414

1564

26

1835

2390

1549

27

581

2977

1890

28

3496

2178

29

1809

2561

1631

30

715

2389

1548

31

716

919

622

32

582

1939

1232

33

2173

3482

2170

34

2172

3486

2174

35

1605

14

36

945

3525

2195

37

89

3493

2175

38

550

2026

1279

39

57

3451

2150

40

3411

2132

41

1502

2186

1384

42

510

3455

2154

43

511

2415

1565

44

1861

3417

2134

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
One

one

one

one

one

two

two

two

two

two

three

three

three

three

three

four

four

four

the numeral 4

four

five

five

five

five

five

six

six

six

six

six

seven

seven

seven

seven

seven

eight

eight

eight

eight

eight

nine

nine

nine

the number 9

nine

ten

ten

ten

ten

ten

mouth

mouth

mouth

mouth /small box radical

mouth

day

day, sun, Japan

day

sun / day

day, sun, Japan

month

moon, month

month, moon

moon / month / organ radical month, moon

rice field

rice field

rice paddy

rice field

rice field, rice paddy

eye

eye, item

eye

eye

eye, class, look, insight, experience, care, favor

old

old

old

old

old

risk

risk

risk

risk

companion

comrade

bright

bright, clear

bright

bright

bright, light

chant

sing

chant

chant

chant, recite, call upon, yell

sparkle

crystal

sparkle

crystal

sparkle, clear, crystal

goods

article

article

products

goods, refinement, dignity, article, counter for meal courses

spine

phonetic (ro)

spine

washtub

spine, backbone

prosperous

prospering

early

early, quick

early

early /fast

rising sun

rising sun

generation

world, age

world

generation/ society

generation, world, society, public

stomach

stomach

stomach

stomach

stomach, paunch, crop, craw

nightbreak

daybreak

daybreak

husband

nightbreak, dawn, morning

gallbladder

gallbladder

gall bladder

gall bladder to be daring

gall bladder, courage, pluck, nerve

span

extend over

concave

concave

concave

convex

convex

convex

olden times

former

old times

former

old times, old things, old friend, former, ex-

oneself

self

oneself

my own

oneself

white

white

white

white

white

hundred

hundred

hundred

hundred

hundred

in

middle, in

middle

middle

in, inside, middle, mean, center

thousand

thousand

thousand

thousand

thousand

tongue

tongue

tongue

tongue

tongue, reed, clapper

measuring box

sho

measuring box

rise up

ascend

rise up

rise up

round

round

circle

round

I, my, our, one's own


risk, face, defy, dare, damage, assume (a name)
companion, friend

prosperous, bright, clear


early, fast
rising sun, morning sun

span, request
concave, hollow, sunken
convex, beetle brow, uneven

measuring box, 1.8 liter


rise up
round, full, month, perfection, -ship, pills, make round, roll up, curl up,
seduce, explain away

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
45

53

2935

1864

46

1051

2644

1690

47

1380

151

112

48

1710

2003

1263

49

1657

3404

2128

50

958

3378

2115

51

1639

2064

1307

52

330

1695

1114

53

583

2155

1363

54

584

2543

1614

55

312

2083

1321

56

839

2269

1454

57

1013

2544

1615

58

1575

2546

1617

59

298

1929

1226

60

585

2086

61

299

1040

712

62

342

2938

1866

63

1606

2091

1327

64

973

2936

1865

65

1573

2967

1881

66

585

827

553

67

372

2978

1891

68

2197

2933

1863

69

1129

1125

767

70

1565

2265

1452

71

565

3339

2104

72

1045

1260

846

73

1325

2932

1862

74

1124

2552

1622

75

923

2111

1337

76

114

3381

2118

77

2974

1887

78

1754

2975

1888

79

1066

2983

1895

80

573

1529

1028

81

120

2281

1463

82

119

567

415

83

1831

2926

1857

84

2199

2929

1860

85

504

27

15

86

677

2001

1261

87

678

894

602

88

266

1444

967

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
tiny amount / glue (bottom
measurement
a bit of
measurement
radical)
specialty
exclusive
specialty
specialty

KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
measurement, foot/10
specialty, exclusive, mainly, solely

Dr.

extensive, doctor

Dr.

museum, extensive

Dr., command, esteem, win acclaim, Ph.D., exposition, fair

fortune-telling

occupy, divine

fortune telling

fortune teller / occupy

fortune-telling, divining, forecasting, occupy, hold, have, get, take

above

up

up

above, raise

above, up

below

down

below

below, lower

below, down, descend, give, low, inferior

eminent

table, prominent

eminent

dinner table

eminent, table, desk, high

morning

morning, dynasty

morning

morning

morning, dynasty, regime, epoch, period, (North) Korea

only

free of charge, ordinary

shellfish

shellfish

shellfish

shellfish/money radical

shellfish

upright

chaste

upright

chastity

upright, chastity, constancy, righteousness

employee

member

member

clerk

employee, member, number, the one in charge

see

see

see

look

see, hopes, chances, idea, opinion, look at, visible

newborn babe

child

child

baby

newborn babe, child, young of animals

beginning

origin

origin

basis

beginning, former time, origin

page

page

stubborn

stubborn

stubborn

stubborn

stubborn, foolish, firmly

mediocre

commonplace

mediocre

mediocre

mediocre

defeat

bear, lose

lose

lose

defeat, negative, -, minus, bear, owe, assume a responsibility

ten thousand

ten thousand

ten thousand

10000

ten thousand

phrase

phrase, haiku

phrase

verse of a poem

phrase, clause, sentence, passage, paragraph, counter for haiku

texture

skin

decameron

ten-day period

texture
10-day period (of the
month)

ladle

shaku

human skin
texture, skin, body, grain
to be in season / that time of decameron, 10day period, season (for specific products
the month
ladle, one tenth of a go, dip

bulls eye

target, adjectival suffix

target

motivation, \"-ish\"

bull's eye, mark, target, object, adjective ending

neck

head, neck, leader

neck

neck

neck

fishguts

second

the latter

second rank / girl

the latter, duplicate, strange, witty

riot

disordered

riot

disorder

riot, war, disorder, disturb

straightaway

straight, fix

straight

heal / direct contact

tool

implement

tool

tool

true

true

true

truth

straightaway, honesty, frankness, fix, repair


tool, utensil, means, possess, ingredients, counter for armor, suits, sets of
furniture
true, reality, Buddhist sect

craft

manufacture, construction

craft

craft or industry

craft, construction

left

left

left (direction)

left

left

right

right

right (direction)

right

right

possess

have

have

exist

possess, have, exist, happen, occur, approx

bribe

bribe

bribe

bribe, or provide capital to

bribe, board, supply, finance

tribute

tribute

tribute

paragraph

clause

paragraph

item/topic / paragraph

paragraph, nape of neck, clause, item, term (expression)

sword

sword

sword

sword

sword, saber, knife

blade

blade

blade

blade

blade, sword, edge

cut

cut

cut

cut / important

cut, cutoff, be sharp

seduce

summon

summon

summon

seduce, call, send for, wear, put on, ride in, buy, eat, drink, catch (cold)

shining

luminous

shining

bright ; Showa era

shining, bright

rule

rule

rule

rule

rule, follow, based on, model after

only, free, in addition

page, leaf

tribute, support, finance

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
89

745

1776

1161

90

540

1117

760

91

1064

3348

2106

92

1459

1113

756

93

105

2969

1882

94

1460

145

108

95

1077

3390

2125

96

1724

179

131

97

1601

3350

2107

98

3418

2135

99

1816

208

155

100

1845

207

154

101

1109

3475

2165

102

390

2460

1593

103

1276

2154

1362

104

1280

2046

1292

105

1035

106

1407

3467

2163

107

960

3416

2133

108

2170

1372

109

2123

3387

2123

110

587

223

164

111

962

186

135

112

351

2169

1371

113

1732

2971

1884

114

725

2205

1399

115

727

1185

804

116

889

1134

773

117

1049

1133

772

118

729

1448

972

119

1100

2391

1550

120

19

2152

1360

121

1919

2713

1742

122

1873

2633

1682

123

1413

239

176

124

1125

2449

1583

125

1698

3003

1905

126

218

2217

1409

127

1832

128

257

57

39

129

1851

18

130

979

10

131

1789

39

24

132

194

1937

1230

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
vice-

secondary

vice

side- or vice-

vice-, duplicate, copy

separate

separate

separate

ward

nail

village

separate, another
town subsection, miscellaneous
counter
town

town

neighborhood , small town

separate, branch off, diverge, fork, another, extra, specially


street, ward, town, counter for guns, tools, leaves or cakes of something,
even number, 4th calendar sign
village, town, block, street

can

~able, approve

possible

possible

can, passable, mustn't, should not, do not

place on the head

summit, receive humbly

place on the head

summit / climax

place on the head, receive, top of head, top, summit, peak

child

child, noun suffix

child

child

child, sign of the rat, 11PM-1AM, first sign of Chinese zodiac

cavity

open hole

cavity

complete

finish, comprehend

finish

complete

complete, finish

woman

woman

woman

woman

woman, female

fond

like, favorable

like

like

fond, pleasing, like something

likeness

as

likeness

mama

mother

mother

your Moms

mama, mother

pierce

penetrate

pierce

pierce

pierce, 8 1/3lbs, penetrate, brace

elder brother

older brother

older brother

older brother

elder brother, big brother

overcome

overcome

overcome

overcome

overcome, kindly, skillfully

little

small

small

tiny (in size)

little, small

few

little

few

a little (amount)

few, little

large

big, university

large

big

large, big

many

many

many

many

many, frequent, much

evening

evening

evening

evening

evening

eventide

tide

outside

outside

outside

outside

outside

name

name

name

name, famous

name, noted, distinguished, reputation

stone

stone

stone

rock

stone

resemblance

model

resemblance

nitrate

niter

nitrate

smash

crush up

smash

smash, destroy

smash, break, crush, familiar, popular

sand

sand

sand

sand

sand

plane

cut by chipping

plane

whittle down

plane, sharpen, whittle, pare

ray

light

ray

shining

ray, light

plump

great, thick

thick

fat

plump, thick, big around

utensil

vessel, instrument

container

instrument

stinking

bad smell

stinking

stinky odor

exquisite

marvelous

exquisite

odd

utensil, vessel, receptacle, implement, instrument, ability, container, tool, set


stinking, ill-smelling, suspicious looking, odor, savor, fragrance, be fragrant,
stink, glow, be bright
exquisite, strange, queer, mystery, miracle, excellent, delicate, charming

focus

ministry, save, introspect

government ministry

ministry / cut down on

focus, government ministry, conserve

thick

thick, kind

thick

thick

thick, heavy, rich, kind, cordial, brazen, shameless

strange

unusual

strange

strange

strange, strangeness, curiousity

stream

river

river

river

stream, river

state

state

state

state

state, province

obey

order, obey

obey

sequence

obey, order, turn, right, docility, occasion

water

water

water

water

water

icicle

ice

ice

ice

icicle, ice, hail, freeze, congeal

eternity

eternal

eternity

long (time)

eternity, long, lengthy

street

cavity, hole, slit, very, great, exceedingly

likeness, like, such as, as if, better, best, equal

eventide, tide, salt water, opportunity

resemblance
nitrate, saltpeter

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
133

502

2567

1636

134

812

3009

1910

135

814

1845

1199

136

195

327

242

137

682

339

254

138

59

262

196

139

28

221

162

140

2027

195

144

141

331

739

516

142

813

656

470

143

1054

385

285

144

726

443

327

145

1278

337

252

146

109

336

251

147

90

331

246

148

1216

604

439

149

267

610

444

150

987

3403

2127

151

1893

203

151

152

538

2970

1883

153

588

466

154

589

351

260

155

1387

2165

1368

156

1389

1287

865

157

1385

512

376

158

1433

2164

1367

159

970

924

625

160

1570

235

173

161

976

3463

2159

162

2029

2420

1568

163

2143

1022

701

164

1887

528

389

165

1134

825

552

166

589

905

611

167

1682

2206

1400

168

1882

2979

1892

169

1053

2084

1322

170

679

2827

1809

171

1686

2127

1345

172

1611

698

492

173

1160

3542

2206

174

1603

2740

1754

175

1726

2753

1763

176

590

1879

1211

177

494

2471

1598

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
spring

spring

spring

spring

spring, fountain

meadow

plain, original

field

original / high plain

meadow, original, primitive, field, plain, prairie, tundra, wilderness

petition

wish, ask a favor

request

beseech

petition, request, vow, wish, hope

swim

swim

swim

swim

swim

marsh

muddy pond

marsh

marsh, lake, bog, swamp, pond

open sea

offing

open sea

open sea, offing, rise high into sky

creek

inlet

inlet

soup

juice, soup

soup

tide

tide

tide

source

source

origin

hot spring / origin

source, origin

lively

active, live

active

vivid, lively

lively, resuscitation, being helped, living

extinguish

extinguish, spend

extinguish

erase, put out fire

extinguish, blow out, turn off, neutralize, cancel

but of course

conditions

condition

condition

condition, situation

river

river

river

stream

river

overnight

stay overnight

overnight

stay for the night

overnight, put up at, ride at anchor, 3-day stay

lake

lake

lake

big lake

lake

fathom

measure, conjecture

fathom

measure or estimate

fathom, plan, scheme, measure

soil

soil

soil

earth

soil, earth, ground, Turkey

spit

spew

spit

puke

spit, vomit, belch, confess, tell (lies)

pressure

pressure

pressure

pressure

pressure, push, overwhelm, oppress, dominate

cape

creek, inlet, bay


juice/ soup

soup, juice, broth, sap, gravy, pus


tide, salt water, opportunity

cape (geography)

cape, spit, promontory

hedge

hedge, fence, wall

hedge

fence

square jewel

sharp corner

seal

seal

seal

seal in

seal, closing

horizon

outer limits

horizon

lifetime

horizon, shore

buddhist temple

buddhist temple

Buddhist temple

temple

Buddhist temple

time

time

time

time

time, hour

level

even

level

average

level, average

fire

fire

fire

fire

fire

inflammation

flame, inflammation

inflammation

flame

inflammation, flame, blaze

anxiety

vexed

anxiety

red tape

anxiety, trouble, worry, pain, ill, annoy, nuisance, irksome

thin

light

thin

faint, pale

thin, faint, pale, fleeting

lamp

lamp

lamp

streetlight

lamp, a light, light, counter for lights

farm

field

farm

cultivated field

farm, field, garden, one's specialty, (kokuji)

disaster

natural calamity

disaster

disaster

disaster, calamity, woe, curse, evil

ashes

ash

ashes

ash / gray

ashes, puckery juice, cremate

spot

point

point

point

spot, point, mark, speck, decimal point

illuminate

illuminate

illuminate

contrast

illuminate, shine, compare, bashful

fish

fish

fish

fish

fish

fishing

fish

fishing

ri

countryside, league

village

village

ri, village, parent's home, league

black

black

black

black

black

black ink

india ink

black ink

carp

carp

quantity

quantity

square jewel, corner, angle, edge

fishing, fishery

black ink, India ink, ink stick, Mexico


carp

quantity

quantity

quantity, measure, weight, amount, consider, estimate, surmise

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
178

1161

3004

1906

179

1995

403

300

180

1162

2987

1897

181

1165

380

280

182

1164

950

646

183

1650

3052

1934

184

2236

2233

1422

185

993

2172

1374

186

516

2173

1375

187

989

2201

1396

188

1136

2252

1440

189

728

2276

1461

190

52

2171

1373

191

1723

2271

1456

192

219

2291

1473

193

747

2310

1489

194

1462

1509

1012

195

980

3450

2149

196

1674

861

577

197

1674

2475

1602

198

1386

928

629

199

591

200

591

866

582

201

592

963

656

202

593

984

672

203

594

2397

1554

204

1167

937

637

205

1324

990

677

206

1218

898

605

207

2210

819

548

208

1591

834

558

209

263

900

609

210

530

820

549

211

986

3502

2183

212

1711

817

546

213

442

3018

1912

214

315

2270

1455

215

227

1087

745

216

756

3506

2185

217

284

3505

2184

218

285

219

757

274

206

220

759

278

208

221

182

3531

2200

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
rin

rin

thousandth

bury

bury

bury

bury

rin, 1/10sen, 1/10bu


bury, be filled up, embedded

same

same

same

same

same, agree, equal

den

cave

den

cave

den, cave, excavation

trunk

trunk

trunk

yonder

turn toward

over there

esteem

still, value highly

esteem

character

character

letter

letter

character, letter, word, section of village

guard

protect

protect

protect

guard, protect, defend, obey

perfect

complete

perfect

complete

perfect, completion, end

proclaim

proclaim

proclaim

announce

proclaim, say, announce

wee hours

early evening

wee hours

relax

peaceful, inexpensive

cheap

banquet

banquet

banquet

draw near

contribute, draw near

approach

get close

draw near, stop in, bring near, gather, collect, send, forward

wealth

rich

rich

get rich

wealth, enrich, abundant

savings

lay up

savings

storage

savings, store, lay in, keep, wear mustache

tree

tree, wood

tree

tree

tree, wood

grove

forest

woods

grove

grove, forest

forest

thick woods

forest

forest

forest, woods

Japanese Judas tree

aromatic tree

trunk, torso, hull (ship), hub of wheel


turn to face

yonder, facing, beyond, confront, defy, tend toward, approach


esteem, furthermore, still, yet

wee hours, evening, early night


cheap / safe

relax, cheap, low, quiet, rested, contented, peaceful


banquet, feast, party

Japanese Judas-tree, cinnamon tree

oak

oak

frame

frame

frame

treetops

tip of twig

frame, framework, spindle, spool, bounding-box, (kokuji)

shelf

shelf

apricot

apricot

paulownia

paulownia

plant

plant

plant

plant (also, to plant a plant)

plant

wither

wither

wither

wither

wither, die, dry up, be seasoned

crude

simple

crude

town

village

village

hicktown

inter-

phase, mutual, minister

mutual

partner

desk

desk

desk

desk

book

basis, book, this

book

tag

tag

tag

book /foundation
counter for paper money /
noun for card, label, or tag

calendar

calendar

calendar

plan

proposal

plan

parch

dry up

parch

not yet

not yet

not yet

not yet

extremity

last part

end

the tip

flavor

taste

flavor

flavor

flavor, taste

younger sister

younger sister

younger sister

little sister

younger sister

vermillion

vermillion

vermilion

vermillion

vermilion, cinnabar, scarlet, red, bloody

treetops, twig
shelf

shelf

shelf, ledge, rack, mount, mantle, trellis


apricot
paulownia

crude, simple, plain, docile

guide /proposal

splash

town, village
inter-, mutual, together, each other, minister of state, councillor, aspect,
phase, physiognomy
desk, table
book, present, main, true, real, counter for long things
tag, paper money, counter for bonds, placard, bid
calendar, almanac
plan, suggestion, draft, ponder, fear, proposition, idea, expectation, bill,
worry
parch, dry up
un-, not yet, hitherto, still, even now, sign of the ram, 1-3PM, eighth sign of
Chinese zodiac
end, close, tip, powder, posterity
splash, suds

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
222

595

935

635

223

563

2241

1430

224

1836

2263

1450

225

1219

2243

1433

226

2001

2327

1502

227

1381

2370

1534

228

1839

2321

1497

229

698

1050

720

230

703

655

469

231

696

2332

1505

232

697

2354

1522

233

701

1062

728

234

278

2237

1426

235

1168

225

166

236

1172

936

636

237

1171

1171

795

238

1685

3464

2160

239

1858

272

204

240

1727

2865

1833

241

440

2782

1779

242

596

243

517

397

295

244

280

535

391

245

977

3452

2151

246

1065

945

641

247

926

2409

1560

248

245

2394

1552

249

246

388

288

250

380

1967

1245

251

381

2563

1632

252

543

2259

1446

253

1074

2019

1274

254

536

561

411

255

1113

3439

2145

256

548

3477

2166

257

1869

2224

1415

258

184

947

643

259

1135

968

657

260

1833

269

202

261

1557

2566

1635

262

460

2189

1387

263

989

2022

1277

264

1759

934

634

265

963

970

659

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
stocks

stock

stocks

share, stock

stocks, stump, shares, stock, counter for small plants

young

young

young

young

young, if, perhaps, possibly, low number, immature

grass

grass

grass

grass

grass, weeds, herbs, pasture, write, draft

suffering

suffering, bitter

suffer

suffer

suffering, trial, worry, hardship, feel bitter, scowl

tolerant

lenient

tolerant

leniency

tolerant, leniency, generosity, relax, feel at home, be at ease, broadminded

dilute

thin

dilute

weak or thin

leaf

leaf

leaf

leaf

imitation

pattern

imitation

model

dilute, thin, weak (tea)


leaf, plane, lobe, needle, blade, spear, counter for flat things, fragment,
piece
imitation, copy, mock

vague

desert, obscure

vague

desert

vague, obscure, desert, wide

grave

grave

grave

grave

grave, tomb

livelihood

dusk, live

livelihood

make a living

livelihood, make a living, spend time

membrane

membrane

membrane

seedling

seedling

seedling

portent

omen, trillion

portent, trillion

omen

portent, 1012, trillion, sign, omen, symptoms

peach tree

peach

peach tree

peach tree

stare

look out over

stare

dog

dog

dog

peach
look at for a long time while
lost in thought
dog

status quo

form, condition, letter

form

circumstance

status quo, conditions, circumstances, form, appearance

silence

silent

silence

shut up

silence, become silent, stop speaking, leave as is

sort of thing

modifier forming suffix, so

so

nature

sort of thing, so, if so, in that case, well

hunt

hunt

hunt

hunt

hunt, raid, gather

cat

cat

cat

cat

cat

cow

cattle

cow

cow

cow

special

special

special

special

special

revelation

notify

to tell

inform

revelation, tell, inform, announce

before

ahead

previous

earlier/ the tip

before, ahead, previous, future, precedence

wash

wash

wash

wash

wash, inquire into, probe

jammed in

mediate

jammed in

introduce

jammed in, shellfish, mediate, concern oneself with

world

world, bounds

world

the world

world

tea

tea

tea

tea

tea

fit

combine, fit

fit

to suit

fit, suit, join, 0.1

pagoda

tower

pagoda

tower

pagoda, tower, steeple

king

king

king

king

king, rule, magnate

jewel

gem

ball

ball

jewel, ball

treasure

treasure

treasure

treasure

treasure, wealth, valuables

pearl

pearl

pearl

present

actual, appear

appear

lunatic

crazy

lunatic

present (not like Christmas


but like the present tense)
go nuts

emperor

emperor

emperor

emperor

display

present

display

whole

whole

whole

plug

stopper

plug

logic

reason, basic principal

reason

membrane
seedling, sapling, shoot

reed

stare, watch, look at, see, scrutinize


dog

reed

pearl, gem, jewel


present, existing, actual
lunatic, insane, crazy, confuse
emperor
display, offer, present, send, exhibit
all

whole, entire, all, complete, fulfill


plug, bolt, cork, bung, stopper

reason

logic, arrangement, reason, justice, truth

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
266

997

1938

1231

267

1128

325

240

268

1332

896

603

269

984

2057

1302

270

247

1726

1137

271

2240

1708

1123

272

1163

1721

1132

273

2189

1674

1098

274

1725

1666

1092

275

350

1724

1135

276

925

1759

1154

277

334

3134

2000

278

335

2888

1845

279

596

3192

280

1569

3046

1929

281

928

3110

1983

282

91

3074

1953

283

1173

3095

1970

284

1821

3029

1916

285

1948

3047

1930

286

955

3552

2212

287

1672

3103

1976

288

1854

1445

968

289

178

1607

1074

290

1012

2266

1453

291

1351

2168

1370

292

1352

926

627

293

1358

1169

793

294

1097

2250

1439

295

1359

1805

1174

296

484

2113

1339

297

1746

3031

1918

298

1648

2200

1395

299

1356

2318

1494

300

994

1976

1250

301

1522

2080

1318

302

1521

1402

947

303

1067

3140

2006

304

1807

2081

1319

305

2052

2336

1510

306

221

236

174

307

414

2097

1330

308

1828

2051

1296

309

370

2860

1830

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
lord

main, master

master

master /mainly

pour

pour, concentrate

pour

pour / be careful

pillar

pillar

pillar

pillar

lord, chief, master, main thing, principal


pour, irrigate, shed (tears), flow into, concentrate on, notes, comment,
annotate
pillar, post, cylinder, support

gold

metal, gold, money

gold

gold.

gold

pig-iron

pig iron

bowl

bowl

bowl

copper

copper

copper

bronze

copper

angling

angle

angling

fishin'

angling, fish, catch, allure, ensnare

needle

needle

needle

needle

needle, pin, staple, stinger

inscription

inscription

inscription

tranquilize

quell

tranquilize

road-way

way

road

street

road-way, street, district, journey, course, moral, teachings

guidance

guide

guide

lead

guidance, leading, conduct, usher

crossing

crossroads

swift

swift

swift

create

make

create

produce

create, make, structure, physique

urge

press

urge

press upon

urge, force, imminent, spur on

escape

escape

escape

escape, flee, shirk, evade, set free

environs

vicinity, borderland

environs

patrol

make the rounds

patrol

escape
around here, around that
time
patrol

car

vehicle, wheel

car

car

car

take along

link, in succession

take along

take with / inform of

take along, lead, join, connect, party, gang, clique

rut

track

rut

transport

transport

transport

transport

transport, send, be inferior

in front

before

in front

before

in front, before

each

each

each

each

each, every, either

status

norm, status

status

character, aspect

status, rank, capacity, character, case (law, grammar)

abbreviation

abridged, strategy

abbreviation

abbreviation

abbreviation, omission, outline, shorten, capture, plunder

guest

visitor, customer

guest

customer

guest, visitor, customer, client

forehead

amount

amount

amount of money / forehead forehead, tablet, plaque, framed picture, sum, amount, volume

summer

summer

summer

summer

summer

dispose

deal with

dispose

dispose of

dispose, manage, deal with, sentence, condemn, act, behave, place

twig

article

clause

clause

article, clause, item, stripe, streak

fall

fall

fall

fall, drop

fall, drop, come down

superfluous

redundant

superfluous

joke, redundant

superfluous, uselessness

army

army

army

army

army, force, troops, war, battle

radiance

shine brilliantly

radiance

dazzle

radiance, shine, sparkle, gleam, twinkle

carry

carry, move, fortune

carry

luck / transport

carry, luck, destiny, fate, lot, transport, progress, advance

crown

crown

crown

crown

crown, best, peerless

dream

dream

dream

dream

dream, vision, illusion

pit

pit

pit

tall

high

tall, expensive

receive

enjoy

receive

cram school

private school

cram school

pig iron
bowl, rice tub, pot, crown

inscription, signature (of artisan)


tranquilize, ancient peace-preservation centers

crossing, crossroad, street corners, (kokuji)


swift, fast

environs, boundary, border, vicinity


patrol, go around, circumference

rut, wheel, track, model, way of doing

pit, hole
tall

tall, high, expensive


receive, undergo, answer (phone), take, get, catch

cram school

cram school, private school

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
310

371

2868

1836

311

464

2072

1314

312

938

2052

1297

313

2177

521

382

314

1624

2470

1597

315

1917

1882

1214

316

911

2060

1305

317

1533

2998

1903

318

1534

3122

1992

319

140

3405

2129

320

554

2167

1369

321

260

224

165

322

261

2262

1449

323

1036

2196

1391

324

960

2555

1625

325

1849

2604

1668

326

1699

2574

1642

327

959

2658

1703

328

1863

390

290

329

1703

873

586

330

116

242

179

331

1061

1476

991

332

1089

859

576

333

1217

1141

778

334

884

1701

1117

335

1599

1941

1233

336

885

2893

1847

337

49

1441

965

338

1721

712

501

339

1464

1442

966

340

1655

1456

977

341

1771

1454

975

342

683

1505

1009

343

879

1521

1021

344

947

1527

1027

345

196

1500

1004

346

1437

1524

1024

347

88

1543

1040

348

1105

1541

1038

349

1531

1567

1051

350

994

1569

1053

351

1760

1568

1052

352

180

1598

1072

353

1587

3049

1931

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
mellow

mature

ripen

get good at

pavilion

inn, pseudonym suffix

pavilion

restaurant

capital

capital, Tokyo, Kyoto

capital

capital

mellow, ripen, mature, acquire skill


pavilion, restaurant, mansion, arbor, cottage, vaudeville, music hall, stage
name
capital, 1016

refreshing

cool

refreshing

cool place

refreshing, nice and cool

scenery

scene

scenery

scene

scenery, view

whale

whale

whale

cottage

building

cottage

hut

cottage, inn, hut, house, mansion

circumference

periphery

circumference

circumference

circumference, circuit, lap

week

week

week

week

week

gentleman

military man, profession suffix

gentleman

samurai radical

gentleman, samurai

good luck

lucky

good luck

good omen

good luck, joy, congratulations

robust

vigorous, grand

robust

robust

robust, manhood, prosperity

villa

villa, dignified

villa

sell

sell

sell

sell

sell

study

study, educational institution

study

science

study, learning, science

memorize

perceive, commit to memory

memorize

bear in mind

memorize, learn, remember, awake, sober up

flourish

flourish, glory

prosperity

glory

flourish, prosperity, honor, glory, splendor

write

write, book

write

write

write

haven

harbor

haven

tidal wave

haven, port, harbor, ferry

breed

pasture

breed

aggression

attack

aggression

attack

aggression, attack

failure

be defeated

failure

be defeated

failure, defeat, reversal

sheet of

counter for flat things

sheet of...

counter for flat objects

happenstance

old, the late

circumstances

breakdown, accident

awe

respect

respect

respect

sheet of..., counter for flat thin objects or sheets


happenstance, especially, intentionally, reason, cause, circumstances, the
late, therefore, consequently
awe, respect, honor, revere

say

say, speech

say

say

say

admonish

guard against, warn

guard against

police

admonish, commandment

plot

plan, compute

measure

measure

plot, plan, scheme, measure

prison

prison

prison

hell

prison, jail

revise

revise

revise

revise

revise, correct, decide

chastise

study, suppress by armed force

chastise

strike / discuss

chastise, attack, defeat, destroy, conquer

instruction

instruct

instruction

imperial edict

imperial edict

imperial edict

packed

reprimand, stuff

packed

cram in

packed, close, pressed, reprove, rebuke, blame

tale

speak

talk

conversation

tale, talk

recitation

recite poetry

recitation

poem

poetry

poem

poem

poem, poetry

word

language, word, tell

language

language

word, speech, language

read

read

read

read

read

tune

tone, investigate, prepare

investigate

check out

tune, tone, meter, key (music), writing style, prepare, exorcise, investigate

discuss

talk

discuss

consult

discuss, talk

consent

consent

consent

rebuke

admonish

rebuke

admonish

rebuke, admonish, charge, warn, persuade

style

style, ceremony

style

ritual

style, ceremony, rite, function, method, system, form, expression

whale

villa, inn, cottage, feudal manor

breed, care for, shepherd, feed, pasture

instruction, Japanese character reading, explanation, read


imperial edict

recitation, poem, song, composing

consent, assent, agreement

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
354

1059

1525

1025

355

234

3195

2038

356

551

465

341

357

1855

1530

1029

358

742

3297

2074

359

741

3300

2077

360

2212

2245

1435

361

1174

3537

2202

362

1177

352

261

363

1176

1523

1023

364

1870

3578

2226

365

579

660

475

366

1607

601

436

367

1262

932

633

368

1260

1725

1136

369

1259

389

289

370

20

2941

1868

371

1127

2416

1566

372

1408

526

387

373

1944

1758

1153

374

1766

2417

1567

375

1739

2021

1276

376

443

3019

1913

377

22

3210

2046

378

2013

1583

1064

379

1204

3484

2172

380

1208

1506

1010

381

1050

1142

779

382

360

2229

1420

383

361

1737

1143

384

1757

2194

1390

385

684

3313

2084

386

1954

3303

2078

387

1973

3314

2085

388

576

2436

1578

389

1038

3337

2103

390

1486

560

410

391

406

3090

1965

392

1596

3073

1952

393

1063

1579

1062

394

1634

1248

842

395

2139

566

414

396

23

2013

1270

397

740

3299

2076

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
test

try

II

two

attempt to do

bounded area

test
two (falsification
prevention)
range

range

test, try, attempt, experiment, ordeal

region

range, region, limits, stage, level

burglar

bandit

burglar

bandit

burglar, rebel, traitor, robber

plantation

plant

plantation

cultivate

plantation, planting

load

load, put in print

ride

appear in print

ride, board, get on, place, spread, 1044

overgrown

grow thick

overgrown

turn into

form, achieve

become

become

turn into, become, get, grow, elapse, reach

castle

castle

castle

castle

castle

sincerity

sincerity

sincerity

sincerity, fidelity

sincerity, admonish, warn, prohibit, truth, fidelity

intimidate

might, threaten by force

intimidate

terrible majesty

intimidate, dignity, majesty, menace, threaten

destroy

destroy

destroy

annihilate

destroy, ruin, overthrow, perish

dwindle

decrease

decrease

decrease

dwindle, decrease, reduce, decline, curtail, get hungry

scaffold

plank bridge

scaffold

coin

money

coin

coin

coin, .01 yen, money

shallow

shallow

shallow

shallow

shallow, superficial, frivolous, wretched, shameful

stop

stop

stop

stop

stop, halt

walk

walk

walk

walk

walk, counter for steps

ford

have relations with

ford

interfere

ford, ferry, port

repeatedly

frequently

repeatedly

agreement

assent

agreement

consent

agreement, consent, comply with

undertake

project

plan

scheme

undertake, scheme, design, attempt, plan

curriculum

personal history

curriculum

chronicle

curriculum, continuation, passage of time

warrior

military

military

military

warrior, military, chivalry, arms

levy

installment

levy

correct

right

correct

appropriate

correct, justice, righteous, 1040

evidence

prove, certificate

evidence

proof

evidence, proof, certificate

politics

political administration

politics

politics

politics, government

determine

fix

decide

plan

determine, fix, establish, decide

lock

lock, pill

lock

run

run

run

run

run

transcend

surpass

transcend

go over (a physical thing)

transcend, super-, ultra-

proceed

proceed to

proceed

surpass

go beyond

cross over

go beyond

surpass, cross over, move to, exceed, Vietnam

just so

right

just so

fer shure!

just so, this, right, justice

topic

title, topic, problem

topic

topic

topic, subject

dike

embankment

dike

build

build

build

build

build

prolong

extend, postpone

prolong

prolong

prolong, stretching

nativity

be born

nativity

birthday / birth

nativity, be born, declension, lie, be arbitrary

cornerstone

foundation stone

cornerstone

foundation

cornerstone, foundation stone

bridegroom

son-in-law

bridegroom

garment

garment

clothes

cloth

garment, clothes, dressing

tailor

cut out, judge

judge

trial

tailor, judge, decision, cut out (pattern)

II, two, second

overgrown, grow thick, be luxuriant

scaffold, cleat, frame, jetty, bolt (door)

repeatedly, recur

levy, ode, prose, poem, tribute, installment

lock, fetters, shackles

proceed, get, become, tend

dike, bank, embankment

bridegroom, son-in-law

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
398

262

2685

1725

399

1936

2138

1354

400

388

756

524

401

1095

2068

1310

402

56

3150

2013

403

277

669

479

404

1692

1116

759

405

818

2973

1886

406

343

210

156

407

746

569

417

408

321

568

416

409

702

2335

1509

410

597

411

2141

1738

1144

412

848

1993

1258

413

849

280

210

414

850

916

619

415

456

2582

1648

416

457

663

477

417

1152

1275

855

418

500

1274

854

419

501

2803

1792

420

1005

1480

995

421

1075

2209

1403

422

1545

3561

2218

423

1843

2773

1774

424

2178

2521

1610

425

1896

2791

1785

426

265

2815

1801

427

1803

2157

1365

428

54

3442

2148

429

293

1078

738

430

295

431

1553

1992

1257

432

2125

338

253

433

254

2117

1342

434

1277

1847

1200

435

462

2073

1315

436

1571

2130

1348

437

598

1237

836

438

1875

1769

1159

439

1010

2116

1341

440

159

680

484

441

157

3160

2020

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
attire

dress, fit out

attire

dress up

attire, dress, pretend, disguise, profess

back

rear

back

backside

back, amidst, in, reverse, inside, palm, sole, rear, lining, wrong side

demolition

break down

demolition

break

demolition, break, destroy

pathetic

sorrow, pity

pathetic

pitiful

pathetic, grief, sorrow, pathos, pity, sympathize

distant

distant

far

far

distant, far

monkey

monkey

monkey

monkey

monkey

first time

first

first

first time

first time, beginning

linen

cloth, spread

linen

fabric

linen, cloth

sail

sail

sail

hanging scroll

width

breadth

width

hanging scroll, width

cap

headgear

cap

hat

cap, headgear

curtain

curtain, shogunate

curtain

curtain

curtain, bunting, act of play

brocade

brocade

brocade

market

city, market

market

small city / dagger radical

market, city, town

elder sister

older sister

older sister

older sister

elder sister

lungs

lung

lungs

lung

lungs

sash

belt, wear

sash

belt

sash, belt, obi, zone, region

stagnate

stagnate, stay

stagnate

stagnate, be delayed, overdue, arrears

thorn

stab

thorn

system

system, control

control

delay, be overdue
stab / business card (jerk
alert!)
system

made in

manufacture

manufacture

mass production

made in..., manufacture

revolve

turn

revolve

roll over

revolve, turn around, change

technique

art

art

art

technique, art, craft, performance, acting, trick, stunt

rain

rain

rain

rain

rain

cloud

cloud

cloud

cloud

cloud

cloudy weather

cloudy

cloudy weather

get cloudy

cloudy weather, cloud up

thunder

thunder

thunder

lightning

thunder, lightening bolt

frost

frost

frost

frost

frost

winter

winter

winter

winter

winter

heavens

heaven

heaven

heaven

heavens, sky, imperial

bridge

bridge

bridge

bridge

bridge

stand up

stand, establish

stand up

stand up

stand up

cry

cry

cry

cry

cry, weep, moan

badge

chapter, badge

chapter

emblem/ chapter

badge, chapter, composition, poem, design

vie

compete

compete

contest

emulate, compete with, bid, sell at auction, bout, contest, race

sovereign

emperor

sovereign

emperor

sovereign, the emperor, god, creator

juvenile

child

juvenile

kid

juvenile, child

pupil

pupil

pupil

bell

bell

bell

make a deal

trade

sell

pupil
big metal bell like in a public bell, gong, chimes
church or temple
merchandise
make a deal, selling, dealing in, merchant

legitimate wife

legitimate child

legitimate wife

suitable

suitable

suitable

sail

canopy

canopy, awning, hood, curtain


brocade, fine dress, honors

attractive

thorn, pierce, stab, prick, sting, calling card


system, law, rule

attractive

legitimate wife, direct descent (non-bastard)


suitable

suitable, occasional, rare, qualified, capable

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
442

161

705

499

443

158

1864

1204

444

599

2925

445

549

197

147

446

1860

2573

1641

447

21

26

14

448

2022

2413

1563

449

378

2445

1581

450

1647

519

381

451

1212

515

379

452

1213

1570

1054

453

1211

1210

818

454

1210

461

337

455

287

2024

1278

456

289

954

649

457

973

2197

1392

458

1031

2034

1283

459

1307

1322

887

460

1305

925

626

461

1101

384

284

462

600

1961

463

1155

1679

1101

464

712

1034

710

465

711

1222

827

466

1697

1987

1255

467

2130

231

170

468

1844

870

584

469

108

1825

1187

470

2064

1479

994

471

666

54

38

472

601

473

668

2695

1731

474

667

2636

1684

475

669

1596

1070

476

165

1582

1063

477

163

464

340

478

2047

1670

1095

479

1022

2070

1312

480

1301

1010

689

481

840

1811

1178

482

932

1639

1086

483

433

1766

1157

484

432

676

482

485

1182

3402

2126

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
drip

drop

drip

drop

drip, drop

enemy

enemy

enemy

enemy

enemy, foe, opponent

north

north

north

north

north

stature

back

back

stature, small of the back

stature, height, back, behind, disobey, defy, go back on, rebel

compare

compare

compare

compare

compare, race, ratio, Philipines

descendants

insect

descendants

insect

descendants, elder brother, insect

all

all

all

everyone

all, everything

mix

mix

mix

mix

mix, blend, confuse

thirst

run dry, thirst

thirst

thirsty

thirst, dry up, parch

audience

be granted an audience

audience

audience, audience (with king)

brown

brown

brown

brown, woollen kimono

hoarse

shout at

hoarse

delicious

purport

delicious

the gist

delicious, relish, show a liking for, purport, will, clever, expert

fat

fat

animal fat

fat, grease, tallow, lard, rosin, gum, tar

I (one)

one

every

every

fat
one (Falsification
prevention)
every

every

every

cleverness

nimble

cleverness

agile, sharp-witted

cleverness, agile, alert

plum

Japanese apricot

ume (Japanese apricot)

plum

plum

sea

sea

sea

ocean

sea, ocean

spoon

spoon

beg

hoarse, scold

I, one

beg

beg, invite, ask

drought

dry

dry

thirsty

drought, dry, dessicate, drink up, heaven, emperor

abdomen

belly

abdomen

entrails

abdomen, belly, stomach

duplicate

compound

duplicate

complicated or compound

duplicate, double, compound, multiple

lack

lack

lack

lack

lack, gap, fail

blow

blow

blow

blow

blow, breathe, puff, emit, smoke

cook

cook

cook

boil

cook, boil

song

song

song

sing

song, sing

soft

soft

soft

soft

soft

next

next

next

next

next, order, sequence

briar

thorn

briar, thorn

assets

resources

resources

capital (as in$$$)

figure

figure

figure

someone's shape, body, form figure, form, shape

assets, resources, capital, funds, data, be conducive to, contribute to

consult with

consult

consult with

consult with

compensation

compensate

compensation

compensation, indemnify

cultivate

cultivate

cultivate

divide

dissect

divide

dissect

divide

sound

sound

sound

sound

sound, noise

darkness

dark

dark

dark

darkness, disappear, shade, informal, grow dark, be blinded

rhyme

rhyme

rhyme

rhyme

rhyme, elegance, tone

discriminating

discriminate, knowledge

discriminating

be conscious

discriminating, know, write

mirror

mirror, optical instrument

mirror

mirror

mirror, speculum, barrel-head, round rice-cake offering

boundary

boundary, situation

boundary

border

boundary, border, region

deceased

decease

deceased

dying

deceased, the late, dying, perish

cultivate, foster

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
486

1187

2053

1298

487

1952

2016

1273

488

418

2260

1447

489

1183

2742

1756

490

1316

1963

1243

491

1312

238

175

492

1311

233

171

493

1317

2210

1404

494

1313

877

590

495

1318

1468

985

496

508

853

570

497

1319

776

534

498

1395

973

663

499

1058

1547

1042

500

1394

1730

1140

501

48

502

1191

677

483

503

1193

1634

1084

504

937

3568

2221

505

1960

991

678

506

1327

129

97

507

903

240

177

508

212

3058

1938

509

1696

2572

1640

510

441

1081

739

511

1972

2357

1524

512

1093

2490

1605

513

408

2641

1687

514

602

515

1287

204

152

516

1288

218

160

517

2022

3530

2199

518

1928

2591

1658

519

9999

1343

907

520

603

1285

863

521

1885

1401

946

522

1553

395

293

523

1668

2457

1589

524

1071

3007

1908

525

24

3380

2117

526

1228

3307

2079

527

1231

206

153

528

1631

243

180

529

1227

1453

974

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
blind

blind

blind

blind, ignorant

delusion

rash

delusion

without reason or permission delusion, unnecessarily, without authority, reckless

laid waste

wild

laid waste

go wild

laid waste, rough, rude, wild

ambition

hope, look afar

hope

desire

ambition, full moon, hope, desire, aspire to, expect

direction

direction, way, square

direction

direction / method / person

direction, person, alternative

disturb

hinder

disturb

prevent

disturb, prevent, hamper, obstruct

boy

sonny, colloquial person suffix

boy

boy or young priest

boy, priest's residence, priest

perfume

fragrant

perfume

obese

animal fat

obese

call on

visit

visit

fat (in food, not as in fat


person)
visit

set free

let go

release

release

set free, release, fire, shoot, emit, banish, liberate

violent

violent

violent

intense

violent, get excited, enraged, chafe, incite

undress

remove, escape from

undress

get naked

undress, removing, escape from, get rid of, be left out, take off

rumor / explanation

explain, theory

theory

explain

rumor, opinion, theory

pointed

sharp

pointed

sharp

pointed, sharpness, edge, weapon, sharp, violent

formerly

blind, blind man, ignoramus

perfume, balmy, flavorable, fragrant

formerly

obese, fat
call on, visit, look up, offer sympathy

formerly, once, before, ever, never, ex-

increase

increase

increase

increase

increase, add, augment, gain, promote

presents

present a gift

presents

give

presents, send, give to, award to, confer on, presenting something

east

east

east

east

east

ridgepole

block

ridgepole

frozen

freeze

frozen

to freeze

frozen, congeal, refrigerate

pregnancy

become pregnant

pregnancy

pregnant

pregnancy

courts

court

courts

dye

dye

dye

dye

dye, color, paint, stain, print

burn

burn

burn

burn

burn, blaze, glow

V.I.P.

guest

V.I.P.

year end

year, age suffix

year-end

years old

year-end, age, occasion, opportunity

prefecture

prefecture

prefecture

prefecture

prefecture

horse chestnut

ridgepole, ridge

courts, imperial court, government office

V.I.P., guest

horse chestnut

horse chestnut, (kokuji)

ground

ground, place

ground

area

ground, earth

pond

pond

pond

pond

pond, cistern, pool, reservoir

insect

insect

insect

insizzect to the bizzug

insect, bug, temper

lightning-bug

firefly

lightning-bug

snake

snake

snake

rainbow

rainbow

rainbow

butterfly

butterfly

single

alone, Germany

alone

silkworm

silkworm

silkworm

wind

wind, manner

wind

wind / the flu / style

wind, air, style, manner

self

oneself

self

myself

self, snake, serpent

rouse

rise

wake up

wake up or occur

rouse, wake up, get up

queen

princess

queen

reformation

reform

reformation

renew, improve

reformation, change, modify, mend, renew, examine, inspect, search

scribe

write down

write down

diary

scribe, account, narrative

lightning-bug, firefly
snake

snake, serpent, hard drinker


rainbow
butterfly

solitary

single, alone, spontaneously, Germany


silkworm

queen, princess

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
530

95

2966

1880

531

99

917

620

532

96

1151

785

533

97

334

249

534

1927

2128

1346

535

947

2790

1784

536

1924

2099

1332

537

604

661

476

538

1549

976

666

539

2069

3102

1975

540

1881

3138

2004

541

281

2273

1458

542

282

635

458

543

1883

2140

1355

544

1372

1033

709

545

1020

558

408

546

1373

612

446

547

1449

2183

1383

548

45

2264

1451

549

1450

392

292

550

1455

1526

1026

551

1456

1877

1210

552

572

3139

2005

553

2093

554

1815

3311

2082

555

1671

3316

2086

556

2164

463

339

557

512

2770

1771

558

513

1243

840

559

1576

2771

1772

560

1961

127

95

561

1586

3121

1991

562

575

1385

939

563

523

1055

724

564

1767

2856

1828

565

1808

2367

1532

566

1906

2343

1517

567

1738

1228

830

568

981

1984

1254

569

1654

1470

986

570

754

1867

1206

571

755

1065

731

572

752

1880

1212

573

2043

226

167

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
wrap

wrap, encompass

wrap

wrap

wrap, pack up, cover, conceal

placenta

membranous sac

placenta

cell

placenta, sac, sheath

cannon

heavy gun

cannon

cannon

cannon, gun

bubbles

bubble

bubbles

bubble

bubbles, foam, suds, froth

tortoise

turtle

turtle

electricity

electricity

electricity

electricity

electricity

dragon

dragon

dragon

dragon

dragon, imperial

waterfall

waterfall

waterfall

waterfall

waterfall, rapids, cascade

pork

pig

pork

pig

pork, pig

pursue

one by one, drive out

pursue

consummate

accomplish

consummate

attain

consummate, accomplish, attain, commit (suicide)

house

house, family

house

home

house, home

marry into

wed a man, bride

marry into

bride

marry into, bride

overpowering

great man, magnificent

overpowering

luxurious

overpowering, great, powerful, excelling, Australia

intestines

intenstines

intestines

intestines

intestines, guts, bowels, viscera

location

place

place

ground

location, place

hot water

hot water

hot water

hot water

hot water, bath, hot spring

sheep

sheep

sheep

sheep

sheep

beauty

beautiful

beauty

beauty, beautiful

ocean

ocean, western

ocean

detailed

detailed

detailed

beauty
pacific ocean / the west in
general
expert

fresh

fresh, vivid

fresh

vivid, fresh

fresh, vivid, clear, brilliant, Korea

accomplished

attain

attain

plural

accomplished, reach, arrive, attain

envious

tortoise, turtle

pursue, drive away, chase, accomplish, attain, commit

envy

ocean, western style


detailed, full, minute, accurate, well-informed

envious, be jealous, covet

distinction

difference

distinction

discriminate

distinction, difference, variation, discrepancy, margin, balance

don

put on, arrive, stick

wear

wear / arrive

don, arrive, wear, counter for suits of clothing

solely

only

solely

sole or only

solely, only, merely, simply

char

scorch, be impatient

char

scorch

char, hurry, impatient, irritate, burn, scorch, singe

reef

reef

reef

gather

collect

collect

quasi-

junior

quasi-

advance

advance

advance

progress

advance, proceed, progress, promote

miscellaneous

miscellaneous, mixed

miscellaneous

miscellaneous

miscellaneous

feminine / female

female

feminine

your Moms.

feminine, female

semi-

standard, quasi-

standard

prepare / criteria

semi-, correspond to, proportionate to, conform, imitate

stirred up

rouse up

stirred up

get worked up

stirred up, be invigorated, flourish

rob

rob

rob

steal by force

rob, take by force, snatch away, dispossess, plunder, usurp

assurance

certain

certain

make certain

assurance, firm, tight, hard, solid, confirm, clear, evident

noon

noon

noon

noon

noon, sign of the horse, 11AM-1PM, seventh sign of Chinese zodiac

permit

permit

permit

allow

permit, approve

delight

joyous

delight

authority

right, power

rights

rights

authority, power, rights

outlook

view

observe

point of view

outlook, look, appearance, condition, view

feathers

feather, wing

feather

reef, sunken rock


collect

gather, meet, congregate, swarm, flock


quasi-, semi-, associate

delight, joy

feathers, counter for birds, rabbits

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
574

1044

2667

1711

575

2051

2668

1712

576

976

1096

749

577

2208

793

543

578

605

3025

579

1676

3070

1950

580

791

3086

1963

581

962

3087

1964

582

957

3053

1935

583

905

3054

1936

584

906

353

262

585

276

3156

2017

586

1087

3055

1937

587

718

754

522

588

1010

3085

1962

589

1043

3112

1985

590

214

3114

1987

591

1461

3034

1920

592

1865

3067

1947

593

136

3125

1995

594

138

3181

2033

595

946

11

596

1184

2036

1285

597

310

2212

1407

598

311

1546

1041

599

1230

2207

1401

600

142

2199

1394

601

143

1548

1043

602

58

2433

1575

603

606

604

1719

2747

1760

605

1568

2564

1633

606

907

2655

1700

607

1011

3066

1946

608

856

2136

1352

609

264

2828

1810

610

1801

2647

1693

611

1505

2890

1846

612

31

2659

1704

613

1903

2650

1696

614

1550

2786

1783

615

518

2835

1814

616

480

2145

1357

617

485

2344

1518

618

1185

214

158

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
learn

learn, custom

learn

learn

learn

the following

the following

the following

the next- the following . .

the following, next

weekday

day of the week

day of the week

day of the week

weekday

laundry

rinse

laundry

rinse

laundry, wash, pour on, rinse

quandary

be in trouble

become distressed

trouble

quandary, become distressed, annoyed

harden

solid, firm

hard

hard

harden, set, clot, curdle

country

country

country

country

country

group

body

group

group

group, association

cause

cause

cause

origin

cause, factor, be associated with, depend on, be limited to

matrimony

marriage

matrimony

park

garden

garden

public park

park, garden, yard, farm

times

turn round, time

times

rotate

-times, round, game, revolve, counter for occurrences

podium

platform

podium

store

shop

shop

shop

store, shop

warehouse

storage chamber

warehouse

Storehouse

warehouse, storehouse

courtyard

court, garden

garden

garden

courtyard, garden, yard

government office

government agency

government office

metropolitan government

government office

bed

bed, floor

bed

floor

bed, floor, padding, tatami

hemp

hemp, become numb

hemp

mah jongg

hemp, flax

grind

polish

grind

to brush

grind, polish, scour, improve, brush (teeth)

heart

heart

heart

heart

heart, mind, spirit

forget

forget

forget

forget

forget

endure

bear

endure

hide, endure NINJA

endure, bear, put up with, conceal, secrete, spy, sneak

acknowledge

recognise

recognize

admit

acknowledge, witness, discern, recognize, appreciate, believe

mourning

mourning, abhor

mourning

abhorrent

mourning, abhor, detestable, death anniversary

intention

ambition

intention

intention, volition

intention, plan, resolve, aspire, motive, hopes, shilling

document

magazine

document

magazine

document, records

loyalty

loyalty

loyalty

loyalty

loyalty, fidelity, faithfulness

sayeth

say, reason, pretext, history, past

shish kebab

matrimony, marry

podium, stage, rostrum, terrace

skewer

shish kebab, spit, skewer

afflicted

affected by disease

afflicted

medical patient

afflicted, disease, suffer from, be ill

think

think

think

think

think

grace

grace, debt of gratitude

grace

kindness

grace, kindness, goodness, favor, mercy, blessing, benefit

apply

respond

respond

react

apply, answer, yes, OK, reply, accept

idea

mind, meaning

idea

meaning

idea, mind, heart, taste, thought, desire, care, liking

concept

conceive

concept

idea, imagination

concept, think, idea, thought

breath

breath

breath

son / breath

breath, respiration, son, interest (on money)

recess

take a rest

recess

break at work

recess, rest, relax, repose

favor

favor

favor

do a favor

favor, blessing, grace, kindness

fear

fear

fear

dread

fear, dread, awe

beguile

bewildered

beguile

be misguided or tempted

beguile, delusion, perplexity

emotion

sense, feel

feeling

feeling

emotion, feeling, sensation

melancholy

be anxious

melancholy

grieve

melancholy, grieve, lament, be anxious, sad, unhappy

widow

few

widow

busy

busy

busy

widow, minority, few


busy

busy, occupied, restless

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
619

1391

418

311

620

1638

367

271

621

2017

485

356

622

87

419

312

623

819

296

219

624

419

580

425

625

1303

365

270

626

1192

687

489

627

391

685

487

628

179

582

426

629

898

579

424

630

924

643

463

631

519

764

529

632

855

765

530

633

700

2353

1521

634

1989

529

390

635

999

15

636

1293

332

247

637

1052

3456

2155

638

1713

3220

2051

639

137

3175

2030

640

338

3548

2208

641

74

2338

1514

642

75

1647

1087

643

77

1089

746

644

286

313

233

645

98

306

227

646

537

592

432

647

1409

254

190

648

223

252

188

649

347

250

187

650

680

316

236

651

1644

317

237

652

92

304

225

653

1465

193

142

654

1956

310

230

655

912

501

369

656

1753

308

228

657

160

694

490

658

1170

372

273

659

288

378

278

660

1434

374

275

661

1501

376

276

662

1520

589

430

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
ecstasy

delighted

ecstasy

ecstasy, joy, rapture

constancy

constant

constancy

constancy, always

lament

mourn

lament

enlightenment

awake to

enlightenment

enlightenment

enlightenment, perceive, discern, realize, understand

dreadful

fearful

dreadful

scary

dreadful, be frightened, fearful

disconcerted

flurried

disconcerted

be in a rush , freaked out

disconcerted, be confused, lose one's head

repent

repent

repent

regret

repent, regret

hate

hate

hate

detest

hate, detest

accustomed

habitual practice

accustomed

adapt

accustomed, get used to, become experienced

pleasure

pleased

pleasure

pleasure

pleasure, happy, rejoice

lazy

lazy

lazy

humility

prudent

humility

refrain, be prudent,

humility, be careful, discrete, prudent

remorse

strongly regret

remorse

regrettable

remorse, regret, be sorry

recollection

speculate, remember

recollection

recollect

recollection, think, remember

pining

adore

pining

annexed

add to

annexed

append

invariably

without fail

without fail

surely

pining, yearn for, love dearly, adore


annexed, accompany, marry, suit, meet, satisfy, attach, append, garnish,
imitate
invariably, certain, inevitable

ooze

secrete

ooze

hand

hand, occupation suffix

hand

hand

hand

watch over

watch, care for

watch over

observe / guard

watch over, see

chafe

rub against

chafe

friction

chafe, rub, polish, grind, scrape

ego

self

ego

we, us

ego, I, selfish, our, oneself

righteousness

righteousness, meaning

righteousness

righteousness

righteousness, justice, morality, honor, loyalty, meaning

deliberation

discuss, legislative body

deliberation

discussion

deliberation, consultation, debate, consideration

sacrifice

sacrifice

sacrifice

sacrifice

sacrifice

rub

wipe

rub

embrace

hug

embrace

hug

embrace, hug, hold in arms

board

board

board

board

board, load (a vehicle), ride

extract

excerpt

extract

confront

resist

confront

oppose

confront, resist, defy, oppose

criticism

criticize

criticism

call bullshit on

criticism, strike

beckon

invite

beckon

beckon

beckon, invite, summon, engage

clear the land

open up

clear (the land)

clap

beat

clap

clap

clap, beat (music)

strike

strike

hit

pound

strike, hit, knock, pound, dozen

arrest

arrest

arrest

put in custody

arrest, seize, concerned, adhere to, despite

discard

discard

throw away

throw away

discard, throw away, abandon, resign, reject, sacrifice

kidnap

kidnap

kidnap

kidnap

kidnap, falsify

pinch

pick

pinch

pluck

pinch, pick, pluck, trim, clip, summarize

challenge

provoke

challenge

challenge

challenge, contend for, make love to

finger

finger, point

finger

finger, point

finger, point to, indicate, put into, play (chess), measure (ruler)

hold

hold

hold

hold

hold, have

fasten

lump together

fasten

brandish

wield

brandish

lament, grieve over

lazy, laziness

ooze, flow, soak in, penetrate, secrete

rub, paint, erase

extract, selection, summary, copy, spread thin

clear (the land), open, break up (land)

fasten, tie up, arrest, constrict


brandish

brandish, wave, wag, swing, shake

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
663

1752

504

373

664

1371

593

433

665

1485

591

431

666

841

651

468

667

1813

379

279

668

717

318

238

669

1957

312

232

670

279

488

358

671

228

769

531

672

1579

500

368

673

1214

494

362

674

607

493

361

675

939

1132

771

676

386

3204

2043

677

387

961

654

678

1800

2706

1739

679

450

830

555

680

451

2638

1685

681

1094

3410

2131

682

1046

1457

978

683

1516

836

560

684

578

2982

1894

685

1135

2984

1896

686

36

2927

1858

687

1645

648

465

688

185

3385

2122

689

186

202

150

690

608

217

159

691

961

3419

2136

692

908

3510

2188

693

910

3536

2201

694

863

3541

2205

695

864

1183

802

696

609

3351

2108

697

454

25

13

698

455

2112

1338

699

1717

2755

1765

700

859

1648

1088

701

857

779

537

702

47

187

136

703

192

2571

1639

704

1774

2952

1873

705

2054

246

183

706

1678

256

192

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
conjecture

infer

infer

infer

conjecture, infer, guess, suppose, support

hoist

raise high, exalt

hoist

hoist, fry in deep fat

propose

present

present

damage

loss

loss

hoist / deep fat fry


submit a proposal, make an
offering
harm

pick up

pick up

pick up

pick up off the ground

pick up, gather, find, go on foot, ten

shouldering

bear on shoulder, undertake

shouldering

shouldering, carry, raise, bear

foothold

grounds

foothold

sketch

depict

sketch

carry on your back


evidence which is the basis
for a judgment
depict

maneuver

manipulate

maneuver

manipulate / chastity

maneuver, manipulate, operate, steer, chastity, virginity, fidelity

touch

contact

contact

directly contact

touch, contact, adjoin, piece together

put up (a notice)

put up

put up (a notice)

hang

set, hang

hang

hang / halfway done

hang, suspend, depend, arrive at, tax, pour

polish

grind, research

sharpen

polish, sharpen

polish, study of, sharpen

commandment

caution

commandment

admonish / commandment

commandment

contraption

mechanical contrivance

contraption

contraption

contraption, fetter, machine, instrument

nose

nose

nose

nose

nose, snout

punish

penalty

punish

penalty

punish, penalty, sentence, punishment

mould

type

model

model

mould, type, model

genius

talent, age suffix

genius

skill

genius, years old, cubic shaku

property

wealth

wealth

loot

property, money, wealth, assets

lumber

timber, material

lumber

raw materials

lumber, log, timber, wood, talent

suppose

exist

suppose

be aware of

suppose, be aware of, believe, feel

exist

be

exist

be real

exist, outskirts, suburbs, located in

from

possessive particle

portable

carry in the hand

portable

carry in hand

portable, carry (in hand), armed with, bring along

reach out

reach to

reach out

reach; amount to

reach out, exert, exercise, cause

suck

suck, breathe in

suck

suck

suck, imbibe, inhale, sip

handle

handle

handle

treatment

length

stout, stature

length

robust

history

history

history

history

handle, entertain, thresh, strip


length, 10feet, measure, Mr., Ms., height, stature, all (one has), only, that's
all, merely
history, chronicle

officer

official

officer

grow late

renew

grow late

all over again

grow late, night watch, sit up late, of course

stiff

hard

stiff

hard like a rock

stiff, hard

or again

again

or again

again / crotch radical

or again, furthermore, on the other hand

pair

set of two

pair

pair

pair, set, comparison, counter for pairs

mulberry

mulberry

mulberry

vessels

one of a pair, counter for ships

vessels

safeguard

protect

safeguard

defend

safeguard, protect

seize

catch game

seize

prey on

seize, get, find, earn, acquire, can, may, able to

guy

slave, guy

guy

servant / dood

guy, slave, manservant, fellow

angry

get angry

angry

get mad

angry, be offended

friend

friend

friend

friend

friend

slip out

pull out, stand out

slip out

extract

throw

throw, send in

throw

throw

slip out, extract, pull out, pilfer, quote, remove, omit


throw, discard, abandon, launch into, join, invest in, hurl, give up, sell at a
loss

propose, take along, carry in hand


damage, loss, disadvantage, hurt, injure

foothold, based on, follow, therefore


sketch, compose, write, draw, paint

put up (a notice), put up, hoist, display, hang out, publish, describe

from, possessive particle, whereupon, accordingly

officer, an official

mulberry
vessels, counter for ships, fish, birds, arrows, one of a pair

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
707

541

260

194

708

1616

1471

987

709

1640

2863

1831

710

2142

1490

1000

711

1402

1979

1251

712

1405

248

185

713

1403

863

579

714

1404

882

594

715

722

2242

1432

716

724

297

220

717

721

1515

1015

718

1295

1272

852

719

1297

2796

1789

720

1298

2290

1472

721

1296

527

388

722

1234

2945

1869

723

1233

234

172

724

1235

858

575

725

1240

3060

1940

726

1236

1477

992

727

610

3024

728

1776

2400

1556

729

977

1438

964

730

1867

435

319

731

514

460

336

732

515

2842

1819

733

242

499

367

734

243

2305

1486

735

364

2421

1569

736

365

492

360

737

1096

2492

1606

738

2118

194

143

739

830

3035

1921

740

832

309

229

741

831

1709

1124

742

953

2004

1264

743

1918

1008

688

744

1088

2005

1265

745

1265

2085

1323

746

1099

335

250

747

1268

281

211

748

1266

918

621

749

307

2294

1476

750

1008

2156

1364

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
drown

sink

drown

downfall

drown, sink, hide, fall into, disappear, die

establishment

set up

establish

establish

establishment, provision, prepare

beat

strike

beat

charge!

beat, attack, defeat, conquer

husk

shell

husk

branch

branch, support

branch

support

branch, support, sustain

skill

skill

skill

technique

skill, art, craft, ability, feat, performance, vocation, arts

bough

branch

branch

branch

bough, branch, twig, limb

limb

limb

limb

stalk

stem

stalk

suspicious

mysterious

suspicious

suspicious

suspicious, mystery, apparition

lightly

light

light

lightweight

lightly, trifling, unimportant

uncle

younger sibling of parent

uncle

coach

supervise, commander

coach

supervisor

coach, command, urge, lead, supervise

loneliness

lonesome

loneliness

lonely

loneliness, quietly, mellow, mature, death of a priest

graceful

graceful

graceful

anti-

counter

anti-

against , anti-

anti-

slope

slope

slope

slope

slope, incline, hill

plank

board, plate

board

board

plank, board, plate, stage

return

return

return

return

return, answer, fade, repay

marketing

engage in sales

marketing

transaction

marketing, sell, trade

claw

husk, nut shell

limb, arms & legs


stalk, stem

uncle, youth

graceful, gentle, pure

claw

claw, nail, talon

gentle

come to terms

gentle

compromise

gentle, peace, depravity

milk

milk

milk

milk

milk, breasts

floating

float

floating

float

leader

general officer

leader

shogun

exhort

encourage

exhort

encourage

floating, float, rise to surface


leader, commander, general, admiral, or, and again, soon, from now on, just
about
exhort, urge, encourage

pick

pick, gather

pick

gather

pick, take, fetch, take up

vegetable

vegetable

vegetable

vegetable

vegetable, side dish, greens

accept

receive

accept

receive

accept, undergo, answer (phone), take, get, catch, receive

impart

confer

instruct

instruct,

impart, instruct, grant, confer

love

love

love

love

love, affection, favourite

pay

clear away, pay

pay

pay

pay, clear out, prune, banish, dispose of

wide

wide

wide

wide

wide, broad, spacious

broaden

enlarge

broaden

enlarge

broaden, extend, expand, enlarge

mineral

ore, mine

mineral

valve

speak eloquently, valve

valve

dialect

valve, petal, braid, speech, dialect, discrimination, dispose of, distinguish

masculine / male

male, heroic

male

male animal or hero

masculine, male, hero, leader, superiority, excellence

pedestal

stand, counter for vehicles

pedestal

big thing counter

pedestal, a stand, counter for machines and vehicles

neglect

remiss

neglect

lazy

reign

govern, cure

govern

cure / government

commence

begin

begin

begin

neglect, laziness
reign, be at peace, calm down, subdue, quell, govt, cure, heal, rule,
conserve
commence, begin

womb

fetus, womb

womb

window

window

window

window

window, pane

gone

go away

leave

past tense

gone, past, quit, leave, elapse, eliminate, divorce

mineral, ore

womb, uterus

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
751

1106

333

248

752

382

2020

1275

753

1947

2182

1382

754

1025

2254

1442

755

526

1264

848

756

1997

1316

883

757

1559

3437

2143

758

1659

2137

1353

759

1141

2050

1295

760

467

738

515

761

917

2014

1271

762

918

1723

1134

763

497

1184

803

764

15

441

325

765

2161

1982

1252

766

2023

402

298

767

571

3498

2180

768

985

2940

1867

769

2211

315

235

770

1732

2235

1423

771

1735

2257

1445

772

1406

241

178

773

610

358

265

774

355

2296

1478

775

534

2292

1474

776

535

777

611

2314

1491

778

612

472

345

779

1561

3370

2113

780

612

3030

1917

781

945

1972

1247

782

1157

2123

1344

783

1252

1043

714

784

1015

1974

1249

785

1481

864

580

786

1484

2108

1335

787

1482

1472

988

788

1491

2043

1290

789

1490

445

329

790

478

2277

1462

791

479

664

478

792

1489

1475

990

793

1493

1195

810

794

822

1707

1122

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
method

law, method

method

law

method, law, rule, principle, model, system

meeting

meet, society

association

big meeting

meeting, meet, party, association, interview, join

climax

come to

climax

until

climax, arrive, proceed, reach, attain, result in

room

room

room

room

room, apartment, chamber, greenhouse, cellar

arrival

arrive

arrival

arrive

arrival, proceed, reach, attain, result in

doth

bring about, do humbly

(to) do

polite \"do\"

doth, do, send, forward, cause, exert, incur, engage

mutually

reciprocal

mutually

reciprocal

mutually, reciprocally, together

abandon

abandon

abandon

discard, give up on

abandon, throw away, discard, resign, reject, sacrifice

bring up

raise

nurture

grow up, be raised

bring up, grow up, raise, rear

remove

withdraw

remove

withdraw

remove, withdraw, disarm, dismantle, reject, exclude

allot

fill

allot

fill up

allot, fill

gun

gun

gun

gun

gun, arms

sulphur

sulfur

sulphur

current

flow, current, style

stream

license

give consent

tempt

instigate

tempt

exit

go out, put out

exit

pull out, hand over.

exit, leave

mountain

mountain

mountain

mountain

mountain

bungling

clumsy

bungling

boulder

rock

boulder

boulder

boulder, rock, cliff

charcoal

coal, charcoal

charcoal

carbon

charcoal, coal

branch off
mountain peak /
mountain pass
crumble

diverge

branch off

mountain pass

mountain peak

mountain pass.

mountain peak, mountain pass, climax, crest, (kokuji)

crumble

crumble

collapse

crumble, die, demolish, level

secrecy

close, secret

secrecy

hard to see

secrecy, density (pop), minuteness, carefulness

honey

sulphur
flow

current, a sink, flow, forfeit


license, sincerity, permit
tempt, seduce, instigate, promote

bungling, clumsy, unskillful

branch off, fork in road, scene, arena, theater

honey

honey, nectar, molasses


storm, tempest

storm

storm

storm

promontory

promontory

promontory

enter

enter, put in

enter

put in / go in

enter, insert

crowded

move inward, emphatic verbal suffix

crowded

part

divide, part, minute

minute

poverty

poor

poor

get crowded
understand/ divide / minute
of time
poverty

crowded, mixture, in bulk, included, (kokuji)


part, minute of time, segment, share, degree, one's lot, duty, understand,
know, rate, 1%, chances, shaku/100
poverty, poor

partition

distribute widely

partition

public

public

public

public

public, prince, official, governmental

pine tree

pine

pine

pine

pine tree

venerable old man

old man

venerable old man

sue

litigate

sue

lawsuit

sue, accuse

valley

valley

valley

valley

valley

bathe

bathe

bathe

bathe

bathe, be favored with, bask in

contain

appearance, contain

contain

appearance

contain, form, looks

melt

dissolve, melt

melt

melt

melt, dissolve, thaw

longing

desire

longing

want

longing, covetousness, greed, passion, desire, craving

abundant

abundant

abundant

abundant

abundant, rich, fertile

lead

lead

lead

promontory, cape, spit

distribute, disseminate, partition, understand

venerable old man

lead

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
795

821

328

243

796

1339

2618

1677

797

1344

2581

1647

798

1343

2589

1656

799

983

2590

1657

800

1338

2615

801

1341

2602

1666

802

1418

3037

1923

803

18

330

245

804

1425

2762

1768

805

1422

305

226

806

1423

1150

784

807

1419

1163

790

808

1114

943

640

809

373

941

638

810

183

942

639

811

1323

994

680

812

768

824

551

813

770

2687

1727

814

769

2652

1698

815

1743

3521

2194

816

1807

2320

1496

817

1585

1247

841

818

1834

3516

2190

819

1466

1262

847

820

1467

3317

2087

821

1468

2472

1599

822

1469

737

514

823

2005

1313

882

824

933

1425

960

825

1042

2830

1812

826

1920

1706

1121

827

1590

1418

956

828

389

763

528

829

434

686

488

830

435

700

494

831

1552

2598

1662

832

1322

2608

1671

833

1577

2613

1675

834

559

2345

1519

835

1889

774

533

836

395

1090

747

837

394

3180

2032

838

824

3460

2157

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
run alongside

along

run alongside

run parallel to

run alongside, follow along, run along, lie along

prize

prize

prize

prize

prize, reward, praise

party

party

group

political party

party, faction, clique

public chamber / hall

hall

public chamber

assembly hall

public chamber, hall

usual

normal, regular

normal

usual

usual, ordinary, normal, regular

manipulate

palm, take charge of

manipulate

pelt

skin

skin

skin

pelt, skin, hide, leather

waves

wave

wave

wave

waves, billows, Poland

old woman

old woman

old woman

expose

open out

expose

rend

break

rend

tear up

incur

be subjected to

incur

get injured

remainder

remain, ruthless

remainder

remain behind

martyrdom

die a martyr

martyrdom

particularly

special

particularly

especially

particularly, especially, exceptionally

augment

multiply

augment

multiply

augment, increase, multiply, raise

file

row

row

row

file, row, rank, tier, column

split

split

split

tear up

split, rend, tear

ardent

vehement

ardent

violently intense

ardent, violent, vehement, furious, severe, extreme

death

die

death

death

death, die

interment

funeral

interment

mourn

interment, bury, shelve

wink

instant

wink

twinkle, a tiny bit of time

wink, blink, twinkle

ear

ear

ear

ear

ear

take

take

take

take

take, fetch, take up

gist

flavor, purpose

gist

hobby

gist, proceed to, tend, become

utmost

most

most

most

utmost, most, extreme

snapshot

photograph

snapshot

photo-shoot

snapshot, take pictures

shame

shame

shame

disgrace

shame, dishonor

post

employment

employment

employment

post, employment, work

holy

holy, saint

holy

holy

holy, saint, sage, master, priest

daring

boldly

daring

listen

listen

listen

listen to

pocket

bosom, long for

pocket

nostalgia

ridicule

arrogant, sluggish

ridicule

neglect /chronic/egotistic

listen, headstrong, naughty, careful inquiry


pocket, feelings, heart, yearn, miss someone, become attached to, bosom,
breast
ridicule, laziness

loose

rambling, comic

cartoon

manga

cartoon, involuntarily, in spite of oneself, corrupt

buy

buy

buy

buy

buy

placement

place

put

put down on table

placement, put, set, deposit, leave behind, keep, employ, pawn

penalty

punishment

penalty

punishment

penalty, punishment

rather

courteous

rather

polite

rather, preferably

voiced

turbid

voiced

ring

ring, surround

ring

send back

return

send back

husband

husband, man laborer

husband

skirt

skirt
manipulate, rule, administer, conduct, palm of hand

old woman, grandma, wet nurse


expose, open
rend, rip, tear, break, destroy, defeat, frustrate
incur, cover, veil, brood over, shelter, wear, put on, be exposed (film),
receiving
remainder, leftover, balance
martyrdom, follow by resigning

daring, sad, tragic, pitiful, frail, feeble

voiced, uncleanness, wrong, nigori, impurity


environment

ring, circle, link, wheel


send back, return

husband

husband, man

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
839

825

247

184

840

404

516

380

841

826

978

667

842

2137

2783

1780

843

1740

2809

1797

844

2182

746

521

845

1061

3511

2189

846

1376

1711

1126

847

1377

3077

1956

848

1593

3068

1948

849

613

407

303

850

490

2364

1530

851

491

1102

753

852

876

2839

1817

853

875

2823

1805

854

1700

1630

1083

855

1119

2854

1827

856

224

3039

1924

857

225

311

231

858

567

3371

2114

859

950

2542

1613

860

1112

2548

1619

861

699

2316

1492

862

1415

2395

1553

863

115

189

138

864

753

1857

1202

865

193

2547

1618

866

2067

1119

762

867

788

38

23

868

790

2599

1663

869

789

2569

1638

870

614

952

871

305

2109

1336

872

304

93

70

873

974

212

157

874

566

363

268

875

710

575

420

876

1623

477

351

877

368

415

309

878

1055

416

310

879

1034

364

269

880

1337

292

217

881

1207

293

218

882

723

291

216

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
aid

lend support to

aid

mountain stream

ravine

mountain stream

standard

regulation

rule

criteria

standard, measure

exchange

replace

exchange

substitute

exchange, spare, substitute, per-

approve

approve of, praise

approve

agree

approve, praise, title or inscription on picture, assist, agree with

submerge

submerge, lurk

submerge

lurk

submerge, conceal, hide, lower (voice), hush

lose

lose, slip

lose

miss out on

lose, error, fault, disadvantage, loss

iron

iron

iron

iron

iron

transfer / alternate

alternate

transfer

retainer

retainer

retainer

vassal

retainer, subject

princess

daughter of noble birth

princess

princess

princess

storehouse

store

warehouse

storehouse

storehouse, hide, own, have, possess

entrails

internal organ

entrails

internal organ

entrails, viscera, bowels

intelligent

wise

intelligent

clever

intelligent, wise, wisdom, cleverness

strict

firm

strict

solid, steadfast

strict, hard, solid, tough, tight, reliable

look to

be present at

look to

to confront

look to, face, meet, confront, attend, call on

perusal

look over

perusal

view

perusal, see

gigantic

huge

gigantic

giant super huge just insane. gigantic, big, large, great

repel

refuse

repel

repel

repel, refuse, reject, decline

power

power

power

strong

power, strong, strain, bear up, exert

male / man

man

male

man

male

labor

labor

labour

labor

labor, thank for, reward for, toil, trouble

recruit

raise

recruit

recruit

recruit, campaign, gather (contributions), enlist, grow violent

inferiority

inferior

inferiority

inferiority

inferiority, be inferior to, be worse

achievement

merit

achievement

success

achievement, merits, success, honor, credit

persuade

urge

persuade

recommend

persuade, recommend, advise, encourage, offer

toil

exert

toil

make an effort

toil, diligent, as much as possible

encourage

encourage

encourage

diligence

encourage, be diligent, inspire

add

add

add

add

add, addition, increase, join, include, Canada

congratulations

congratulate

congratulations

congratulations, joy

erect

lay across

rack

erect, frame, mount, support, shelf, construct

armpit

aid, help, assist


mountain stream, valley

transfer, alternation

aside

armpit, the other way, another place, flank, supporting role

threaten

threaten

threaten

threaten

threaten, coerce

co-

cooperate

cooperation

cooperate

co-, cooperation

going

go, act, line

go

go

going, journey

rhythm

law, rhythm

law

regulation

rhythm, law, regulation, gauge, control

restore

return to

again

return or re-do

restore, return to, revert, resume

gain

acquire, gain

acquire

virtue, obtain

accompany

follow

obey

obey

junior

follower

junior

pupil, follower

wait

wait

wait

wait

gain, get, find, earn, acquire, can, may, able to, profit, advantage, benefit
accompany, obey, submit to, comply, follow, secondary, incidental,
subordinate
junior, emptiness, vanity, futility, uselessness, ephemeral thing, gang, set,
party, people
wait, depend on

journey

go on

outward journey

go on a trip

journey, chase away, let go, going, travel

subjugate

conquer

subjugate

diameter

path, diameter

diameter

subjugate, attack the rebellious, collect taxes


diameter

diameter, path, method

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
883

1420

290

215

884

1575

244

181

885

1793

684

486

886

466

726

510

887

328

683

485

888

329

2910

1853

889

1783

639

461

890

1384

576

421

891

1971

761

527

892

415

1231

832

893

283

1230

831

894

461

1190

806

895

577

1191

807

896

1637

1206

814

897

12

1130

769

898

1775

1177

798

899

1412

1137

774

900

482

1139

776

901

483

2829

1811

902

1662

1115

758

903

1379

1158

786

904

998

1159

787

905

2080

1160

788

906

10

1114

757

907

237

2744

1757

908

858

1251

844

909

2128

1232

833

910

1908

1219

824

911

1714

2568

1637

912

1667

2554

1624

913

1706

2553

1623

914

1868

2545

1616

915

1999

3108

1981

916

1753

1550

1044

917

1785

1824

1186

918

1894

2304

1484

919

539

3529

2198

920

1248

1291

869

921

1968

1327

893

922

1888

1328

894

923

1563

1345

909

924

1550

3092

1967

925

887

1293

871

926

495

1421

957

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
he

third person pronoun

he

him

he, that, the

duty

service

service

role

duty, war, campaign, drafted labor, office, service, role

benevolence

virtue

benevolence

virtue

benevolence, virtue, goodness, commanding respect

penetrate

go through

penetrate

do thoroughly

penetrate, clear, pierce, strike home, sit up (all night)

indications

levy, symptom

indications

sign, indication

indications, sign, omen, symptom, collect, seek, refer to, question

penal

chastise

penal

delicate

slight

delicate

teeny

delicate, minuteness, insignificance

boulevard

city quarter

street

shopping district

boulevard, street, town

equilibrium

balance

equilibrium

draft

manuscript

draft

earnings

work

earnings

bring home the loot

earnings, work, earn money

extent

extent, established form

extent

extent

extent, degree, law, formula, distance, limits, amount

tax

tax

tax

tax

tax, duty

immature

childish

immature

childish

immature, young

harmony

harmonious, peace, Japan

peace

peace, Japan (!)

harmony, Japanese style, peace, soften, Japan

shift

shift

shift

transfer

shift, move, change, drift, catch (cold, fire), pass into

second

second

second (part of time)

autumn

autumn

autumn

distress

melancholy

distress

one second
second (1/60 minute)
fall (the season, not the thing autumn
with gravity)
sorrow
distress, grieve, lament, be anxious

private

private, I

me

me

regularity

order

regularity

secret

secret

secret

secret

secret, conceal

appellation

appellation

appellation

symmetry

appellation, praise, admire, name, title, fame

profit

advantage, profit

profit

handy

profit, advantage, benefit

pear tree

pear

pear tree

pear tree

harvest

harvest

harvest

harvest, reap

ear (of a plant)

spike

ear

ear, ear (grain), head, crest (wave)

rice plant

rice plant

rice plant

incense

sweet smell

incense

good smell

incense, smell, perfume

seasons

season

seasons

season

seasons

committee

commit

committee

member

committee, entrust to, leave to, devote, discard

excel

excellent

excel

excel, surpass

excel, excellence, beauty, surpass

transparent

pass through, transparent

transparent

transparent, permeate, filter, penetrate

entice

induce

entice

transparent
invite , bad meaning : lure,
entice

cereals

cereal

cereals

germ

bacteria

germ

bacteria

germ, fungus, bacteria

rice

rice, America

rice

rice, America

rice, USA, metre

flour

powder

flour

flour, powder

flour, powder, dust

sticky

sticky

sticky

be sticky

sticky, glutinous, greasy, persevere

grains

grain

grains

grain

grains, drop, counter for tiny particles

cosmetics

apply makeup

cosmetics

makeup

cosmetics, adorn (one's person)

astray

perplexed

astray

perplexed

astray, be perplexed, in doubt, lost, err, illusion

chic

refined

chic

essence

chic, style, purity, essence, pith, cream, elite, choice

provisions

food provisions

provisions

penal, chastise, punish, discipline

equilibrium, measuring rod, scale


draft, copy, manuscript, straw

private, I, me
regularity, salary, order

rice plant

entice, lead, tempt, invite, ask, call for, seduce, allure


cereals, grain

provisions, food, bread

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
927

555

2303

1483

928

1708

2824

1806

929

1663

1790

1170

930

1876

1019

697

931

1566

1807

1176

932

1907

704

497

933

1451

1052

723

934

230

3550

2210

935

232

969

658

936

231

1497

1003

937

2036

228

168

938

1783

2646

1692

939

615

2662

940

616

2663

1708

941

1899

2678

1719

942

617

2711

1741

943

1103

2677

1718

944

1166

2680

1721

945

1439

2682

1723

946

1669

2702

1737

947

1651

2681

1722

948

1695

2679

1720

949

1383

2727

1748

950

1617

2715

1743

951

962

3368

2111

952

897

67

48

953

618

72

53

954

995

64

44

955

1578

61

42

956

60

43

27

957

1084

71

52

958

1959

2741

1755

959

1649

51

35

960

141

34

21

961

1132

35

22

962

2182

45

29

963

1136

44

28

964

1083

19

10

965

1574

52

36

966

1241

50

34

967

94

59

40

968

1143

104

79

969

1002

100

75

970

1388

86

63

971

1627

84

61

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
chrysanthemum

chrysanthemum

chrysanthemum

core

inner part

heart

waaay in the back

chrysanthemum
heart, interior

number

number

number

number, to count

number, strength, fate, law, figures

watchtower

tall building

watchtower

sort

kind

sort

lacquer

lacquer

lacquer

Esq.

mode, formal title

formal title

important person

Esq., way, manner, situation, polite suffix

request

seek

request

demand/ask

request, want, wish for, require, demand

ball

ball

sphere

ball

ball, sphere

salvation

save

salvation

rescue

salvation, save, help, rescue, reclaim

bamboo

bamboo

bamboo

bamboo

bamboo

laugh

laugh

laugh

laugh

laugh

watchtower, lookout, high building


category, type

sort, kind, variety, class, genus


lacquer, varnish, seven

bamboo hat

bamboo hat, one's influence

bamboo grass

bamboo grass

muscle

muscle, threadlike structure

muscle

muscle

bamboo grass
muscle, sinew, tendon, fiber, plot, plan, descent

box

box

box

box

box, chest, case, bin, railway car

writing brush

brush, writing

writing brush

paintbrush

writing brush, writing, painting brush, handwriting

cylinder

tube

cylinder

tube

cylinder, pipe, tube, gun barrel, sleeve

etc.

equal, class

class

equal/et cetera /plural

etc., and so forth, class (first), quality, equal, similar

calculate

calculate

calculate

calculate

calculate, divining, number, abacus, probability

solution

answer

answer

answer

solution, answer

scheme

scheme, measure

scheme

plan

scheme, plan, policy, step, means

register

record book

register

fabricate

construct

fabricate

architect

fabricate, build, construct

person

human being

person

person

person

assistant

assist, field officer

help

however

provided that

however

dwell

live

dwelling

dwell

dwell, reside, live, inhabit

rank

rank

rank

rank

rank, grade, throne, crown, about, some

go-between

intermediary, personal relations

relationship

friendship

go-between, relationship

body

body, form

body

body

body, substance, object, reality, counter for images

permanence / remote

leisurely

permanence

affair

matter

affair

incident

affair, case, matter, item

attend

serve, do

do

work

attend, doing, official, serve

other

other

other

other (people, places, things) other, another, the others

prostrated

prostrated

prostrated

lay face down

prostrated, bend down, bow, cover, lay (pipes)

transmit

transmit

transmit

transmit

transmit, go along, walk along, follow, report, communicate, legend, tradition

buddha

buddha, France

Buddha

buddha

Buddha, the dead, France

rest

rest

rest

rest

rest, day off, retire, sleep

sham / provisional

temporary

temporary

provisional, temporary

sham, temporary, interim, assumed (name), informal

chief

older sibling of parent, chief

chief

vulgar

popular

vulgar

uncouth

vulgar, customs, manners, worldliness, mundane things

faith

believe, message

trust

believe

faith, truth, fidelity, trust

excellent

fine

excellent

reliant

depend on

reliant

register, record book

assistant, help
however, but

permanence, distant, long time, leisure

chief, count, earl, uncle, Brazil

excellent, beautiful, good, pleasing, skilled


depend on

reliant, depend on, consequently, therefore, due to

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
972

771

89

67

973

792

117

87

974

407

134

102

975

268

137

105

976

1435

85

62

977

465

139

107

978

1321

109

81

979

509

113

83

980

527

124

93

981

313

138

106

982

1189

159

119

983

854

170

125

984

76

169

124

985

1340

176

129

986

1092

32

20

987

1664

157

117

988

32

20

11

989

1306

82

59

990

909

90

68

991

865

95

71

992

162

108

80

993

481

177

130

994

316

42

26

995

492

2293

1475

996

1375

158

118

997

16

96

72

998

2184

2144

1356

999

1878

155

115

1000

69

31

19

1001

71

2661

1707

1002

70

3082

1960

1003

902

53

37

1004

904

2694

1730

1005

269

30

18

1006

271

2588

1655

1007

270

2600

1664

1008

110

21

12

1009

111

2211

1405

1010

112

2465

1594

1011

1756

154

114

1012

106

65

45

1013

107

2282

1464

1014

2074

102

77

1015

1314

147

110

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
example

example

example

example

example, custom, usage, precedent

individual

individual, general counter

individual

individual,

individual, counter for articles and military units

healthy

robust

healthy

healthy

healthy, health, strength, persistence

side

side

side

side of something

side, lean, oppose, regret

waiter

attend upon, samurai

waiter

real samurai

waiter, samurai, wait upon, serve

halt

halt

halt

bring to a halt

halt, stopping

price

value

value

price or ranking

price, cost, value

emulate

copy after

emulate

overthrow

topple

overthrow

knock down

overthrow, fall, collapse, drop, break down

spy

spy

spy

detective

spy

buddhist priest

bonze

Buddhist priest

buddhist monk

Buddhist priest, monk

hundred million

hundred million

hundred million

a hundred million

hundred million, 108

ceremony

ceremony

ceremony

politeness

ceremony, rule, affair, case, a matter

reparation

recompense

reparation

compensate for

reparation, make up for, recompense, redeem

hermit

immortal mountain fairy

hermit

sponsor

hold an event, press for

sponsor

sponsor

sponsor, hold (a meeting), give (a dinner)

humanity

benevolence

humanity

chivalry

humanity, virtue, benevolence, charity, man, kernel

scorn

insult

scorn

despise

scorn, despise, make light of, contempt

use

use, envoy

use

use

use

convenience

convenient, post, excreta

convenience

convenient / poo

convenience

double

times, double

double

double

double, twice, times, fold

tenderness

superior, actor

superior

kindhearted / excel

tenderness, excel, surpass, actor, superiority, gentleness

fell

cut down

fell

timmmberrr!

fell, strike, attack, punish

inn

lodge

inn

lodge at

inn, lodging, relay station, dwell, lodge, be pregnant, home, dwelling

wound

wound

wound

wound

wound, hurt, injure, impair, pain, injury, cut, gash, scar, weak point

protect

preserve

preserve

guarantee, maintain

protect, guarantee, keep, preserve, sustain, support

praise

commend

praise

praise

praise, extol

greatness

outstanding person

greatness

to outdo

greatness, excellence

adhere

attach

attach

stick to

adhere, attach, refer to, append

token

symbol

token

ticket

token, sign, mark, tally, charm

borough / municipality

urban prefecture

urban prefecture

government

borough, urban prefecture, govt office, representative body, storehouse

responsibility

office, leave to

responsibility

have responsibility for (x)

responsibility, duty, term, entrust to, appoint

fare

wage, charges

fare

rent money

substitute

substitute, generation, charge

substitute

sack

bag

sack

fare, fee, hire, rent, wages, charge


change, convert, replace, period, age, generation, charge, rate,
generation / take the place of substitute,
fee
sack
sack, bag, pouch

lend

lend

lend

lend

lend

change

change into

change

transform

change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization

flower

flower

flower

flower

flower

freight

money, goods

freight

cargo

freight, goods, property

lean

incline

lean

incline

lean, incline, tilt, trend, wane, sink, ruin, bias

what

what, how many

what

what?!?

baggage

load

luggage

luggage

sagacious

brilliant person

genius

what
baggage, shoulder-pole load, bear (a burden), shoulder (a gun), load, cargo,
freight
sagacious, genius, excellence

bystander

beside

bystander

bystander, side, besides, while, nearby, 3rd person

emulate, imitate

hermit, wizard, cent

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1016

43

3384

2121

1017

619

1465

983

1018

1778

3042

1926

1019

944

3466

2162

1020

272

3479

2168

1021

273

897

604

1022

562

3200

2042

1023

73

3162

2022

1024

574

3116

1989

1025

524

2055

1300

1026

2154

2131

1349

1027

620

3465

2161

1028

11

41

25

1029

1784

63

43

1030

929

83

60

1031

621

3476

1032

931

1344

908

1033

2024

2274

1459

1034

1026

2603

1667

1035

486

2325

1501

1036

1008

2035

1284

1037

1830

2056

1301

1038

1781

511

375

1039

622

556

406

1040

344

2885

1844

1041

345

2884

1843

1042

393

550

404

1043

392

587

429

1044

1666

1831

1190

1045

1289

891

599

1046

1969

957

650

1047

1795

3142

2008

1048

975

922

624

1049

569

2943

1050

557

874

587

1051

1137

2411

1561

1052

2060

1585

1065

1053

564

3064

1944

1054

2233

3033

1919

1055

545

326

241

1056

930

557

407

1057

714

3171

2028

1058

1820

3098

1973

1059

1873

585

427

1060

302

3079

1958

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
long time

of long duration

long time

furrow

se

furrow

captured

prisoner

captured

prisoner

captured, criminal, arrest, catch

inside

inside

inside

the inside

inside, within, between, among, house, home

third class

third

third class

design

character, handle

design

pattern

design, pattern, build, nature, handle, crank, grip, knob, shaft

meat

flesh

meat

meat

meat

rot

rot

rot

rot

rot, decay, sour

squat / sit

seat, sit

sit

sit

squat, seat, cushion, gathering, sit

graduate

graduate

graduate

graduate

graduate, soldier, private, die

umbrella

umbrella

umbrella

umbrella

umbrella

monme

monme

by means of

to theof, by means of

by means of

compared to

by means of, because, in view of, compared with

becoming / similar

resemble

becoming

resemble

becoming, resemble, counterfeit, imitate, suitable

join

together

join

join, get together, unite, collective

tile

tile, gram

tile

been a long time

long time, old story


furrow, 30 tsubo, ridge, rib

third class, 3rd, 3rd calendar sign

monme, 3.75 grams, (kokuji)

flower pot

bottle

flower pot

shinto shrine

royal palace, shinto shrine

Shinto shrine

palace

flower pot, bottle, vial, jar, jug, vat, urn


shinto shrine, constellations, palace, princess

occupation

manage, barracks

manage

manage (a business)

occupation, camp, perform, build, conduct (business)

virtuous

good

good

morally good

virtuous, good, goodness

year

year

year

year

year

night

night

night

night

night, evening

fluid

liquid

fluid

liquid

fluid, liquid, juice, sap, secretion

hillock

mound

hillock

hillock, mound

cash

currency

cash

cash, bad habit, humble prefix, gift, shinto offerings of cloth, rope, cut paper

abuse

evil practice

abuse

yell

call

yell

exclaim

yell, cry, scream

interchange

exchange

interchange

replace

interchange, period, charge, change?

dissolve

fuse

dissolve

dissolve

dissolve, melt

alms

carry out

carry out

charity / put into practice

alms, apply bandages, administer first-aid

rotation

gyrate

rotation

play

play

play

play around

play

trip

travel

trip

trip

trip, travel

thing

thing

thing

animal / thing

thing, object, matter

easy

easy, exchange

easy

easy

easy, ready to, simple, fortune-telling, divination

grant

deign to give

grant

urine

urine

urine

urine

urine

nun

buddhist nun

nun

nun

nun

mud

mud

mud

mud

mud, mire, adhere to, be attached to

fence

fence

fence

footgear

fulfill

footgear

put on pants or shoes

footgear, shoes, boots, put on (the feet

roof

house, small shop

roof

store

roof, house, shop, dealer, seller

grip

grasp

grip

grasp

grip, hold, mould sushi, bribe

yield

bend

yield

yield , get out way

yield, bend, flinch, submit

abuse, evil, vice, breakage

rotation, go around

not

not, must not, do not, be not

grant, gift, boon, results

fence, wall, (kokuji)

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1061

303

496

364

1062

623

467

342

1063

1220

3080

1959

1064

624

497

365

1065

1188

3161

2021

1066

1078

3063

1943

1067

1886

3133

1999

1068

1911

701

495

1069

1731

1273

853

1070

1159

3440

2146

1071

1898

3050

1932

1072

1062

267

201

1073

1069

1473

989

1074

1996

255

191

1075

719

3097

1972

1076

1837

1930

1227

1077

1901

1947

1238

1078

1315

1946

1237

1079

1660

1950

1239

1080

2028

869

583

1081

2187

1942

1234

1082

1902

440

324

1083

520

1956

1241

1084

521

1900

1220

1085

1718

2763

1769

1086

1744

1936

1229

1087

51

818

547

1088

1454

948

644

1089

1279

913

616

1090

744

1029

705

1091

1751

876

589

1092

941

840

562

1093

1702

972

662

1094

37

2219

1411

1095

358

1685

1105

1096

359

2867

1835

1097

1742

1700

1116

1098

446

2795

1788

1099

447

1252

845

1100

1588

2228

1419

1101

1979

2297

1479

1102

532

2672

1715

1103

452

2347

1520

1104

453

790

541

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
dig

dig

dig

ditch (moat)

ditch

ditch

dig

dig, delve, excavate

reside

reside

reside

set

install

set

stratum

stratum

stratum

layer

bureau

bureau, limited part

office

department

slow

slow, late

slow

slow, late

stratum, social class, layer, story, floor


bureau, board, office, affair, conclusion, court lady, lady-in-waiting, her
apartment
slow, late, back, later

leak

leak

leak

leak

leak, escape, time

printing

print

printing

print

printing, print

shaku

shaku

shaku

exhaust

exhaust

exhaust

exhaust, use up all of

exhaust, use up, run out of, befriend, serve

swamp

marsh

swamp

swamp

translate

translate, sense

translate

choose

select

choose

swamp / bling
reason, way to do ;
translation
select

daytime

daytime

daytime

noon

daytime, noon

door

door, household

door

door

door

shoulder

shoulder

shoulder

shoulder

shoulder

tassel

chamber

tassel

wife, cluster, tuft

tassel, tuft, fringe, bunch, lock (hair), segment (orange), house, room

fan

fan

fan

traditional fan

fan, folding fan

hearth

furnace

hearth

re-

return

re-

return

re-, return, revert, resume, restore, go backwards

tears

tear

tears

teardrop

tears, sympathy

employ

employ

employ

hire

employ, hire

look back

look back

look back

regret

look back, review, examine oneself, turn around

disclose

enlighten

disclose

show

show

indicate

show / altar

show, indicate, point out, express, display

salute / salutation

etiquette, rite

thanks

polite

salute, bow, ceremony, thanks, remuneration

auspicious

auspicious

auspicious

celebrate

celebrate

celebrate

celebrate

celebrate, congratulate

blessing

fortune

luck

good luck

blessing, fortune, luck, wealth

welfare

blessedness

welfare

welfare

welfare, happiness

company

company, society

company

company

company, firm, office, association, shrine

inspection

regard

look at

peer at

inspection, regard as, see, look at

nara

phonetic (na)

what

military officer

company officer

military officer

consolation

console

consolation

goodwill

article

goodwill

prohibition

prohibit

prohibition

collar

collar

collar

religion

religious sect

religion

adore

reverence

adore

ritual

festival

festival

festival

ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship

guess

inspect, guess

guess

police

guess, presume, surmise, judge, understand

grate

rub

grate

chafe

grate, rub, scratch, scrape, chafe, scour

ditch, moat, canal


live

reside, to be, exist, live with


set, lay a foundation, install, equip, squat down, sit down

shaku, Japanese foot, measure, scale, rule

translate, reason, circumstance, case


choose, select, elect, prefer

hearth, furnace, kiln, reactor

disclose, open, say

auspicious, happiness, good omen

Nara, what?
military officer, jailer, old man, rank
console

consolation, amusement, seduce, cheer, make sport of, comfort, console


goodwill, article, section, friendship, collusion

prohibition

prohibition, ban, forbid


collar, neck, lapel

religion

religion, sect, denomination, main point, origin, essence


adore, respect, revere, worship

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1105

14

3499

2181

1106

1348

302

223

1107

1346

341

255

1108

1350

1164

1109

1347

2221

1413

1110

625

3078

1957

1111

2147

2664

1710

1112

552

1514

1014

1113

1897

3481

2169

1114

1693

314

234

1115

626

284

212

1116

1945

431

317

1117

144

3507

2186

1118

146

70

51

1119

145

912

615

1120

1670

432

318

1121

760

3560

2217

1122

762

2302

1482

1123

761

1573

1057

1124

763

1211

819

1125

2198

2949

1871

1126

2012

862

578

1127

995

851

568

1128

1998

875

588

1129

1014

3061

1941

1130

1633

253

189

1131

1715

2738

1753

1132

2194

3104

1977

1133

1981

2754

1764

1134

2010

2864

1832

1135

2057

706

500

1136

1581

1492

1001

1137

1904

2808

1796

1138

1761

2972

1885

1139

1653

1507

1011

1140

692

893

601

1141

695

1502

1006

1142

691

68

49

1143

2201

2759

1767

1144

296

1742

1147

1145

2058

2322

1498

1146

1029

2092

1328

1147

1970

1235

834

1148

251

101

76

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
wherefore

reason

reason

freedom / reason

wherefore, a reason

pluck

draw out

pluck

abstract

pluck, pull, extract, excel

oil

oil

oil

oil

oil, fat

sleeve

sleeve

sleeve

mid-air

space, midair

mid-air

space

mid-air, air, space, sky, memorization, interval of time

deliver

deliver, reach

deliver

extend to

deliver, reach, arrive, report, notify, forward

flute

flute

flute

axis

axle, axis

axis

armor

shell, first

armor

turtle shell

push

push

push

push

headland

cape

headland

armor, high (voice), A grade, first class, former, instep, carapace


push, stop, check, subdue, attach, seize, weight, shove, press, seal, do in
spite of
headland, cape, spit, promontory

insert

insert

insert

penetrate

insert, put in, graft, wear (sword)

speaketh

report, speak humbly

say

humbly say/ god radical

have the honor to, sign of the monkey, 3-5PM, ninth sign of Chinese zodiac

expand

stretch

to lengthen

stretch

expand, stretch, extend, lengthen, increase

gods

god, mind

god

Gods

gods, mind, soul

search

look for

search

search

search, look for, locate

fruit

fruit

fruit

fruit, result

fruit, reward, carry out, achieve, complete, end, finish, succeed

candy / confectionary

confectionery

confectionery

sweets (pastries)

chapter

section, lesson

section

section / section chief

naked

naked

naked

naked

candy, cakes, fruit


chapter, lesson, section, department, division, counter for chapters (of a
book)
naked, nude, uncovered, partially clothed

axe

catty

axe

chop

analyze

chop

analyze

chop, divide, tear, analyze

place

place, particle of nominalization

place

place

place

pray

pray

pray

pray

pray, wish

near

near, recent

near

near

near, early, akin, tantamount

fold

break off, fold

fold

fold, origami

fold, break, fracture, bend, yield, submit

philosophy

sagacious, philosophy

philosophy

philosophy

philosophy, clear

departed

depart this life

departed

vow

vow

vow

vow

vow, swear, pledge

temporarily

short while

temporarily

briefly

temporarily, a while, moment, long time

steadily

gradually

steadily

severance

cut off, resolve

cut off

substance

quality, matter

quality

steadily, gradually advancing, finally, barely


decision, judgment / refuse / severance, decline, refuse, apologize, warn, dismiss, prohibit, decision,
cut off
judgement, cutting
quality /question
substance, quality, matter, temperament

reject

expel

reject

accusation

appeal to, sue

sue

accuse

accusation, sue, complain of pain, appeal to

yesterday

yesterday, last

previous

yesterday

yesterday, previous

lie

swindle

lie

make

make, work

make

snow

snow

snow

record

record

record

record

record

inquire

inquire

inquire

ask

inquire, fathom, look for

hurry

urgent, hurry, sudden

hurry

urgent

hurry, emergency, sudden, steep

calm

calm, mild

calm

calm, quiet, moderation

encroach

invade

encroach

tranquil
perpetrate (usually in the
sense of rape)

sleeve, wing (building), extension, give cold shoulder

flute, clarinet, pipe, whistle, bagpipe, piccolo


axis, pivot, stem, stalk, counter for book scrolls

axe, 1.32 lb, catty, counter for loaves of bread

departed, die

reject, retreat, recede, withdraw, repel, repulse

lie, falsehood, deceive, pretend


make

make, production, prepare, build


snow

encroach, invade, raid, trespass, violate

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1149

252

442

326

1150

253

2329

1503

1151

1564

469

343

1152

1027

503

372

1153

953

2177

1378

1154

835

2030

1281

1155

833

382

282

1156

1107

3567

2220

1157

470

3115

1988

1158

471

1403

948

1159

1149

3124

1994

1160

1679

3123

1993

1161

33

49

33

1162

847

3206

2045

1163

845

1540

1037

1164

1905

1282

861

1165

366

2797

1790

1166

367

174

127

1167

1967

1221

826

1168

1148

3518

2191

1169

1636

607

441

1170

1086

3000

1904

1171

1847

2476

1603

1172

1812

3527

2197

1173

174

2746

1759

1174

176

3159

2019

1175

177

1176

175

1067

734

1177

1912

2953

1874

1178

963

1292

870

1179

1122

1138

775

1180

956

3071

1951

1181

1643

2976

1889

1182

2219

3128

1998

1183

1767

146

109

1184

1494

2432

1574

1185

1497

1743

1148

1186

1498

122

91

1187

1496

484

355

1188

1499

502

371

1189

55

1702

1118

1190

627

3449

1191

2217

3127

1997

1192

1963

3158

2018

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
immersed

soak

immersed

immerse

immersed, soak, dip, steep, moisten, wet, dunk

lie down

go to sleep

lie down

go to bed

lie down, sleep, rest, bed, remain unsold

lady

adult woman

lady

housewife

lady, woman, wife, bride

sweep

sweep

sweep

sweep, brush

hit

the present, hit

hit

contend

contend

conflict

sweep, clean
hit the target (literally and
figuratively)
battle

clean

clean

clean

matter

affair, abstract thing

abstract thing

action / incident

matter, thing, fact, business, reason, possibly

Tang

Tang dynasty

T'ang

China

T'ang, China

sugar

sugar

sugar

sugar

sugar

ease / sane

healthy

health

health

ease, peace

apprehend

catch a criminal

apprehend

arrest

apprehend, chase

italy

phonetic i, Italy

old boy

ruler, familiar title, you

you

old boy, name-suffix

flock

group

flock

proof

withstand

resistant

buddy
flock (both noun and verb
meanings)
withstand

demand

demand

demand

demand

demand, request, need

confucian

confucianism

Confucian

Confucianism

Confucian

edge

end

edge

the edge

edge, origin, end, point, border, verge, cape

both

both

both

both

both, old Japanese coin, counter for vehicles, two

full

full

full

full

full, enough, pride, satisfy

brush-stroke

picture, draw up a plan

tableau

a drawing

brush-stroke, picture

tooth

tooth

tooth

tooth

bend

musical composition, curve

musical composition

song, or \"turn or bend\"

cadet

sergeant

cadet

tooth, cog
bend, music, melody, composition, pleasure, injustice, fault, curve, crooked,
perverse, lean
cadet, friend

encounter

meet with

encounter

chance meeting usually


with something bad

encounter, meet, party, association, interview, join

vat

tank

vat

big dipper

dipper, to

Big Dipper

fee

fee, materials

fee

ingredients, fee

fee, materials

department

subject of study

section

science

department, course, section

map

drawing

diagram

diagram / map

map, drawing, plan, unexpected, accidentally

utilize
commonplace /
comfortable
equip

employ, things to do

use

utilize

utilize, business, service, use, employ

mediocre

commonplace

provide

provide

furnish, provide for

equip, provision, preparation

once upon a time

former times

long ago

long ago

once upon a time, antiquity, old times

confused

mixed up

confused

borrow

borrow

borrow

borrow

borrow, rent

pity

regret

pity

close but no cigar

pity, be sparing of, frugal, stingy, regret

set aside

dispose

set aside

scatter

scatter

scatter

scatter

commoner

manifold

commoner

populist

intercept

interrupt

intercept

hit, right, appropriate, himself


contend, dispute, argue
clean, purify, cleanse, exorcise, Manchu Dynasty

Italy, that one

rowing

flock, group, crowd, herd, swarm, cluster


-proof, enduring

rowing, skull, paddle


vat, tub, tank
Big Dipper, 10 sho (vol), sake dipper

commonplace, ordinary, employment

confused, mix, be in disorder

set aside, give up, suspend, discontinue, lay aside, except

twenty

scatter, disperse, spend, squander


twenty, 20
commoner, all, bastard
intercept, interrupt, obstruct

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1193

1140

3113

1986

1194

468

3100

1974

1195

469

611

445

1196

1926

2218

1410

1197

197

717

505

1198

199

719

507

1199

198

730

512

1200

1681

997

681

1201

2179

980

669

1202

166

3501

2182

1203

169

60

41

1204

168

1145

781

1205

167

1122

765

1206

1041

2630

1681

1207

1791

2645

1691

1208

2000

3148

2012

1209

775

1005

686

1210

774

2382

1544

1211

772

1093

748

1212

1943

3461

2158

1213

1237

872

585

1214

34

3420

2137

1215

1157

1933

1228

1216

628

2180

1380

1217

3434

2141

1218

1628

2406

1557

1219

1085

857

574

1220

2126

2009

1267

1221

294

1241

838

1222

1138

958

651

1223

1127

768

1224

190

2784

1781

1225

1242

2008

1266

1226

1007

2088

1325

1227

1243

1173

797

1228

1244

2817

1802

1229

1750

946

642

1230

1772

130

98

1231

2053

3383

2120

1232

1806

181

133

1233

1874

3432

2139

1234

2243

192

141

1235

952

475

349

1236

1782

1167

792

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
seat

seat

seat

degrees

degree, time

degrees

seat
times (last time, this time,
next time)
pass by

seat, mat, occasion, place

transit

cross

transit

bustle

rush

bustle

erupt

spout

erupt

tomb

tumulus

tomb

aroused

indignation

aroused

get indignant

aroused, resent, be indignant, anger

bake

burn

bake

roast

bake, burning

daybreak

dawn

daybreak

half

half

half

half

half, middle, odd number, semi-, part-

consort

accompany

consort

accompany

consort, accompany, bring with, companion

paddy-ridge

waterside

paddy-ridge

judgement

judge

judge

ticket

ticket, certificate

ticket

seal, stamp with the official


stamp that makes it official
certificate or ticket

scroll

roll up, volume

scroll

roll up

sphere

sphere

sphere

range / area of influence

ticket
scroll, volume, book, part, roll up, wind up, tie, coil, counter for texts (or book
scrolls)
sphere, circle, radius, range

victory

win, excel

win

win

victory, win, prevail, excel

wisteria

wisteria

wisteria

degrees, occurrence, time, counter for occurrences


transit, ford, ferry, cross, import, deliver, diameter, migrate
bustle, run

spew

erupt, spout, emit, flush out


tomb, mound

daybreak, dawn, in the event

paddy ridge, levee


judgement, signature, stamp, seal

wisteria

mimeograph / facsimile transcribe

mimeograph

one-sided

fragment, one of two

one-sided

fragment

mimeograph, copy
one-sided, leaf, sheet

printing block

printing plate, publishing

printing block

printing plate

printing block, printing plate, edition, impression, label

of

possessive particle

this

of, this

destitution

scanty

scarce

shoddy

destitution, scarce, limited

turf

lawn grass

turf

lawn

turf, lawn

negative

not

non-

un-

negative, non-, bad, ugly, clumsy

negate

say no, or not

negate

no

negate, no, noes, refuse, decline, deny

cupfuls

cup

counter for cupfuls

one cup of liquid

counter for cupfuls, wine glass, glass, toast

dart

arrow

arrow

arrow

dart, arrow

rectify

rectify

rectify

tribe

family

tribe

family

tribe, family

know

know

know

know

know, wisdom

wisdom

wisdom

halberd

halberd

halberd

halberd

halberd, arms, festival float

tender

soft

tender

flexible

tender, weakness, gentleness, softness

task

duty

duty

perform a task

task, duties

fog

fog

fog

fog

fog, mist

squad

squad

squad

homecoming

return

to return

go back home

homecoming, arrive at, lead to, result in

bow

bow

bow (archery, violin)

bow

bow, bow (archery, violin)

pull

draw

pull

pull

pull, tug, jerk, admit, install, quote, refer to

condolences

condole

condolences

vast

disseminate

strong

strong

strong

burly

strong

weak

weak

weak

weak

weak, frail

rectify, straighten, correct, reform, cure, control, pretend, falsify

wisdom, intellect, reason

squad, corps, unit, group

condolences, mourning, funeral


vast, broad, wide

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1237

2015

329

244

1238

1643

2607

1670

1239

1116

2660

1706

1240

544

2044

1291

1241

121

188

137

1242

948

2153

1361

1243

1892

821

550

1244

1977

1522

1022

1245

1676

222

163

1246

27

3421

2138

1247

1028

2000

1260

1248

1620

3553

2213

1249

506

1458

979

1250

507

1620

1079

1251

1146

3197

2040

1252

1546

3196

2039

1253

869

3205

2044

1254

871

1493

1002

1255

1994

373

274

1256

936

3211

2047

1257

1361

2785

1782

1258

1365

2300

1480

1259

1362

2609

1672

1260

1363

2473

1600

1261

1364

1577

1061

1262

1366

536

392

1263

629

525

386

1264

1369

1605

1265

290

357

264

1266

291

396

294

1267

292

377

277

1268

1642

3096

1971

1269

1819

1326

892

1270

1982

1290

868

1271

127

2226

1417

1272

129

985

673

1273

128

2701

1736

1274

1108

1973

1248

1275

671

2015

1272

1276

673

1265

849

1277

676

1536

1034

1278

672

929

630

1279

336

2188

1386

1280

337

103

78

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
seethe

boil

seethe

boil water

seethe, boil, ferment, uproar, breed

expense

expense

expense

expenses

expense, cost, spend, consume, waste

no.

ordinal number prefix

ordinal number prefix

rank or number in series

No., residence

younger brother

younger brother

younger brother

younger brother

younger brother, faithful service to elders

adroit

skillful

adroit

adroit, skillful

adroit, skilled, ingenuity

nickname

number, designation, sign

number

number

nickname, number, item, title, pseudonym, name, call

decay

decay

decay

boast

boast

boast

be proud of

boast, be proud, pride, triumphantly

dirty

dirty

dirty

dirty

dirty, pollute, disgrace, rape, defile

bestow

give

give

bestow

bestow, participate in, give, award, impart, provide, cause, gift, godsend

copy

copy

copy

copy, be photographed, describe

somebody

body, ones person

body

shoot

shoot

shoot

copy
flesh (usually one's own
flesh)
shoot

apologize

thank, apologise

apologize

apologize

apologize, thank, refuse

old man

old

old man

get old

old man, old age, grow old

consider

think

think

consider

consider, think over

filial piety

filial piety

filial piety

filial piety

filial piety, child's respect

teach

teach, religion

teach

teach

teach, faith, doctrine

torture

torture

torture

torture

torture, beat

someone

person

someone

professional

someone, person

boil

boil

boil

cook

renowned

author, conspicuous

renowned

author

signature

public-service station

government office

government office

boil, cook
renowned, publish, write, remarkable, phenomenal, put on, don, wear,
arrival, finish (race), counter for suits of clothing, literary work
signature, govt office, police station

sultry

summer heat, hot

hot

hot place

sultry, hot, summer heat

various

various

various

various

various, many, several, together

boar

wild boar

strand

strand

gamble

decay, rot, remain in seclusion

somebody, person, one's station in life


shoot, shine into, onto, archery

boar
strand, beach, shore
gamble

bet or stake

gamble, wager, bet

gorge

gorge

gorge

cramped

narrow

cramped

narrow

gorge, ravine
cramped, narrow, contract, tight

sandwiched

hold between

pinch

pinch

pinch, between

chase

chase

follow

follow

chase, drive away, follow, pursue, meanwhile

expert

master

expert

master, teacher

expert, teacher, master, army, war

commander

commander in chief

commander

bureaucrat

government, government official

government official

federal

bureaucrat, the government

coffin

coffin

coffin

coffin

coffin, casket

pipe

pipe, exercise control

pipe

pipe

pipe, tube, wind instrument, drunken talk

father

father

father

dad

father

mingle

intercourse, interchange

mix

combine

mingle, mixing, association, coming & going

merit

effect

effect

effective

merit, efficacy, efficiency, benefit

contrast

compare

contrast

evaluate

contrast, compare

exam

school, collate

school

school

exam, school, printing, proof, correction

leg

foot, suffice

foot

foot / be enough

leg, foot, be sufficient, counter for pairs of footwear

stimulate

hasten

stimulate

peer pressure

stimulate, urge, press, demand, incite

commander, leading troops, governor

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1281

226

1511

1013

1282

448

1533

1031

1283

449

2818

1803

1284

1169

1532

1030

1285

2076

1658

1091

1286

1261

1535

1033

1287

2175

1587

1066

1288

422

2654

1699

1289

423

658

472

1290

401

1842

1198

1291

217

1030

706

1292

216

603

438

1293

215

3137

2003

1294

1238

271

1295

2235

346

256

1296

533

714

503

1297

256

715

504

1298

400

627

454

1299

164

539

395

1300

1150

626

453

1301

1330

540

396

1302

1309

270

203

1303

72

347

257

1304

1158

454

331

1305

1978

455

332

1306

1773

625

452

1307

2009

2881

1842

1308

1792

458

335

1309

379

624

451

1310

1857

453

330

1311

1980

781

538

1312

1984

671

480

1313

2213

713

502

1314

2031

2822

1804

1315

2068

457

334

1316

1805

2159

1366

1317

556

2227

1418

1318

1988

495

363

1319

1675

2230

1421

1320

940

2203

1398

1321

2065

2288

1470

1322

505

2253

1441

1323

630

2348

1324

694

649

466

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
long-distance

distance

long-distance

distance

long-distance

path

road

road

road

path, route, road, distance

dew

dew, expose

dew

outdoors, public

dew, tears, expose, Russia

hop

jump

hop

leap up

hop, leap up, spring, jerk, prance, buck, splash, sputter, snap

leap

leap

leap

jump

leap, dance, skip

tread

implement

tread

step

tread

step

tread on

step, trample, carry through, appraise, evade payment

skeleton

bone

bone

bone

skeleton, bone, remains, frame

slippery

slide, smooth

slippery

slippery

slippery, slide, slip, flunk

marrow

marrow

marrow

marrow, pith

calamity

calamity

calamity

calamity, misfortune, evil, curse

whirlpool

whirlpool

whirlpool

overdo

pass by, exceed

go beyond

heights

osaka

heights

africa

phonetic (a)

occasion

verge, occasion

occasion

edge

occasion, side, edge, verge, dangerous, adventurous, indecent, time, when

hinder

hindrance

hurt

impede

follow

follow

follow

obeisance / auxiliary

accompany a superior

obeisance

hinder, hurt, harm


follow, though, notwithstanding, while, during, both, all, obey, submit to,
comply, at the mercy of (the waves)
obeisance, follow, accompany, attend on

sunshine

sun

sunshine

sun

sunshine, yang principle, positive, male, heaven, daytime

exhibit / line up

set forth

exhibit

ward off

prevent

prevent

ward off

ward off, defend, protect, resist

affixed

attach

affixed

supplement

affixed, attach, refer to, append

Inst.

institution

institution

institution

Inst., institution, temple, mansion, school

camp

battle formation, camp

camp

base

camp, battle array, ranks, position

regiment

party

group

troop

regiment, party, company, squad

crash

drop down

crash

descend

descend

descend

storey

floor, rank

floor of a building

highness

imperial palace steps

highness

neighbouring

neighbor

neighboring

neighbor

neighboring

isolate

apart

isolate

segregate

isolate, alternate, distance, separate, gulf

conceal

hide

conceal

hide

conceal, hide, cover

degenerate

degenerate

degenerate

corrupt

degenerate, descend to, lapse into

collapse

fall in

collapse

entrapped

collapse, fall into, cave in, fall (castle), slide into

hole

hole

hole

hole.

hole, aperture, slit, cave, den

empty

sky, air, empty

sky

air

empty, sky, void, vacant, vacuum

withdraw

hold back

withdraw

abstain

withdraw, draw in, hold back, refrain from, be moderate

stab

dash, thrust

stab

thrust

stab, protruding, thrusting, thrust, pierce, prick

research

study exhaustively

research

research

research, study

plug up

choke, nitrogen

plug up

plug up, obstruct

stealth

steal

stealth

stealth, steal, secret, private, hushed

squeeze

squeeze

whirlpool, eddy, vortex


surpass / too much

overdo, exceed, go beyond, error


heights, slope
Africa, flatter, fawn upon, corner, nook, recess

depression
squeeze

tread, step on, trample, practice, carry through

exhibit, state, relate, explain

crash, fall (down)


descend /rainfall / get out of
vehicle
story of a building

descend, precipitate, fall, surrender


storey, stair, counter for storeys of a building
highness, steps (of throne)

depression, cave in, sink, become hollow


squeeze

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1325

1453

2361

1528

1326

2049

2358

1525

1327

1765

505

374

1328

1796

524

385

1329

2127

3495

2177

1330

2025

2557

1627

1331

1773

2551

1621

1332

1822

436

320

1333

2174

2179

1379

1334

934

1422

958

1335

487

1423

959

1336

493

1414

955

1337

1308

2853

1826

1338

369

1408

952

1339

503

1392

944

1340

463

1393

945

1341

1630

1370

926

1342

1953

2622

1679

1343

1044

1375

931

1344

966

1378

935

1345

1755

1362

921

1346

383

1346

910

1347

919

1352

916

1348

675

1349

913

1349

1030

1350

914

1350

1355

1351

915

1351

880

1348

912

1352

1053

1336

903

1353

187

1279

859

1354

1229

1276

856

1355

118

1277

857

1356

1612

1300

877

1357

1310

1295

872

1358

1247

1296

873

1359

681

1335

902

1360

720

1331

898

1361

147

1334

901

1362

1068

1280

860

1363

1770

1333

900

1364

1677

2585

1652

1365

1670

2455

1587

1366

306

1379

936

1367

1871

1373

929

1368

1802

1361

920

1369

631

1427

961

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
kiln

kiln

kiln

hard up

be in extremity

hard up

to be in trouble

kiln, oven, furnace


hard up, destitute, suffer, perplexed, cornered

grope

probe, search

grope

look for

grope, search, look for

deep

deep

deep

deep

deep, heighten, intensify, strengthen

hill

hill

hill

hill

hill, knoll

point

high mountain

point

mount

point, peak, mountain

soldier

soldier

soldier

soldier

soldier, private, troops, army, warfare, strategy, tactics

seacoast

beach

seacoast

thread

thread

thread

string

thread

weave

weave

weave

organization / weave

weave, fabric

darning

mend

darning

mend

darning, repair, mend, trim, tidy up, adjust

shrink

shrink

shrink

contract, shrink

shrink, contract, shrivel, wrinkle, reduce

luxuriant

thrive

luxuriant

reproduction

luxuriant, thick, overgrown, frequency, complexity, trouble

vertical

vertical

vertical

vertical

vertical, length, height, self-indulgent, wayward

line

line

line

line

line, track

tighten

conclude, tighten

tighten

tighten

tighten, tie, shut, lock, fasten

fiber

fiber

fiber

upkeep

fiber, tie, rope

gauze

phonetic (ra)

gauze

practice

train

practice

practice

practice, gloss, train, drill, polish, refine

thong

outset

thong

together

thong, beginning, inception, end, cord, strap

continue

continue

continue

continue

continue, series, sequel

picture

picture

picture

picture

picture, drawing, painting, sketch

overall

unite, interconnected system

unite

tradition

overall, relationship, ruling, governing

strangle

strangle, wring

strangle

wring out, strangle

strangle, constrict, wring

salary

supply, pay

salary

supply

salary, wage, gift, allow, grant, bestow on

entwine

interlink, entwine

entwine

get entangled

entwine, coil around, get caught in

tie

tie, conclude

tie

bind

tie, bind, contract, join, organize, do up hair, fasten

end

end

end

End

end, finish

class

grade

rank

level

class, rank, grade

chronicle

era

chronicle

century

chronicle, account, narrative, history, annals, geologic period

crimson

crimson

deep red

dark lipstick red color.

crimson, deep red

settlement

pay, accept, put away

settlement

to supply

settlement, obtain, reap, pay, supply, store

spinning

spin

spinning

distract

confused

distract

ambiguous

distract, be mistaken for, go astray, divert

introduce

introduce

introduce

aquaint

introduce, inherit, help

sutra

pass through, manage

manage

experience

sutra, longitude, pass thru, expire, warp

sire

gentleman

sire

gentleman

sire, good belt, gentleman

promise

promise, contract, approximately

promise

promise /roughly speaking

promise, approximately, shrink

dainty

slender, minute

thin

slender

dainty, get thin, taper, slender, narrow

accumulate

cumulate

accumulate

cord

search for

cord

look up

cord, rope

general

total, general

whole

general

general, whole, all, full, total

cotton

cotton

cotton

cotton

cotton

silk

silk

silk

silk

silk

winding

reel, shift onward

winding

spin

winding, reel, spin, turn (pages), look up, refer to

seacoast, beach, seashore

gauze, thin silk, Rome

spinning

accumulate, involvement, trouble, tie up, continually

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's

kanji

1592

1360

919

1371

297

1377

934

1372

1916

1386

940

1373

1186

1374

930

1374

877

2838

1816

1375

522

2688

1728

1376

1382

1405

949

1377

1848

1388

942

1378

1637

191

140

1379

981

361

267

1380

2077

3008

1909

1381

29

3582

2229

1382

301

1076

736

1383

528

1991

1256

1384

326

2096

1329

1385

327

2333

1506

1386

529

287

213

1387

1983

770

532

1388

211

602

437

1389

209

2339

1515

1390

210

1214

821

1391

872

1944

1236

1392

873

97

73

1393

874

410

305

1394

409

2915

1855

1395

428

1118

761

1396

429

974

664

1397

632

1447

971

1398

943

577

422

1399

1076

878

591

1400

982

2058

1303

1401

685

1995

1259

1402

687

2792

1786

1403

689

1895

1218

1404

686

80

57

1405

690

1224

828

1406

688

1710

1125

1407

1790

2089

1326

1408

920

3109

1982

1409

922

1558

1045

1410

815

1565

1050

1411

816

788

540

1412

817

175

128

1413

1600

2709

1740

1370

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
succeed someone at a
inherit
succeed
inherit
position
green
green
green
green
rim / connection

KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
inherit, succeed, patch, graft (tree)
green

affinity

relation, edge

affinity

netting

net

netting

affinity, relation, connection, edge, border, verge, brink

tense

tighten, exigent

tense

tense

tense, solid, hard, reliable, tight

purple

purple

purple

purple

purple, violet

truss

bind

truss

tie up

truss, arrest, bind, tie, restrain

straw rope

rope

straw rope

rope

straw rope, cord

infancy

very young

infancy

childhood

infancy, childhood

behind

after

behind

afterwards / behind

behind, back, later

seclude / faint

quiet and secluded

seclude

occult

seclude, confine to a room

how many

how many, some

how many

how much?

how many, how much, how far, how long

mechanism

machine, aircraft, opportunity

machine

mysterious

profound

mysterious

livestock

livestock

livestock

machine
mechanism, opportunity, occasion, machine, airplane
3 unrelated meanings: brown
rice, entryway of a building, mysterious, occultness
and dark/mysterious
raising of domestic animals livestock, domestic fowl and animals

amass

store up

amass

store or put aside

bowstring

string

bowstring

bowstring, chord, hypotenuse

hug

support

embrace

hug, embrace, possess, protect, lead

nourishing

nourish

nourishing

mercy

affectionate

mercy

tenderness

mercy

magnet

magnetism

magnet

magnet

magnet, porcelain

lineage

system, lineage

lineage

group, tribe

lineage, system

person in charge

connect, person in charge

person in charge

be involved with,

person in charge, connection, duty, concern oneself

grandchild

grandchild

grandchild

grandchild

grandchild, descendants

suspend

suspend

suspend

suspend or hang

suspend, hang, 10%, install, depend, consult

instead

eliminate

instead

disregard

instead, on the contrary, rather

skids / shins

leg

leg

wholesale

wholesale

wholesale

honorable

general honorific term

honorable

the honorific \"o\"

honorable, manipulate, govern

clothing

clothes, submit

clothes

clothes

clothing, admit, obey, discharge

fate

order, life

fate

life

fate, command, decree, destiny, life, appoint

orders

command

orders

command

orders, ancient laws, command, decree

zero

zero

zero

zero

zero, spill, overflow, nothing, cipher

age

age

age

stage of life

age

cool

cold

cool

cold thing

cool, cold (beer, person), chill

jurisdiction

territory

territory

territory

jurisdiction, dominion, territory, fief, reign

small bell

bell

small bell

tiny electric bell or buzzer

small bell, buzzer

courage

brave

courage

courage

courage, cheer up, be in high spirits, bravery, heroism

traffic

pass, communicate

pass through

pass

traffic, pass through, avenue, commute, counter for letters

jump

dance

jump

dance

jump, dance, leap, skip

doubt

doubt

doubt

doubt

doubt, distrust, be suspicious, question

mimic

imitate

mimic

sham

mimic, aim (a gun) at, nominate, imitate

congeal

congeal

congeal

pattern

model

pattern

netting, network

amass, keeping a concubine, phonograph

nourishing, more & more, be luxuriant, planting, turbidity

skids, leg, undercarriage


wholesale

congeal, freeze, stiff, be absorbed in


standard ; the best way to do pattern, example, model

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1414

1615

196

146

1415

1932

2947

1870

1416

1154

3199

2041

1417

782

2222

1418

783

1006

687

1419

780

2239

1428

1420

781

2570

1421

1890

899

607

1422

1915

849

567

1423

17

2580

1646

1424

1137

2601

1665

1425

1731

828

554

1426

1598

2909

1852

1427

633

3544

2207

1428

1661

444

328

1429

1925

1461

982

1430

870

1561

1047

1431

927

1562

1048

1432

259

1539

1036

1433

1357

1538

1035

1434

693

1516

1016

1435

888

1483

996

1436

1232

1460

981

1437

1788

1563

1049

1438

1937

619

449

1439

1720

2324

1500

1440

1153

1943

1235

1441

1081

1604

1073

1442

1448

1182

801

1443

1446

2697

1732

1444

1872

1786

1168

1445

1859

2308

1488

1446

1613

1075

735

1447

634

3474

2164

1448

1846

3526

2196

1449

978

2079

1317

1450

437

2794

1787

1451

670

2670

1714

1452

1121

608

442

1453

748

2852

1825

1454

751

801

544

1455

750

1773

1160

1456

1730

537

393

1457

1175

2675

1717

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
crime

offense

crime

commit a crime

crime, sin, offense

unlucky

misfortune

unlucky

misfortune

unlucky, misfortune, bad luck, disaster

dangerous

dangerous

dangerous

dangerous

dangerous, fear, uneasy

address

address

allocate

arm

arm

arm

garden

imperial garden

grudge

address, just like, fortunately


arm, skill

arm, ability, talent


garden, farm, park

grudge

grudge, show resentment, be jealous

willow

willow

willow

egg

egg

egg

egg

willow
egg, ovum, spawn, roe

detain

keep, stay

detain

absent / stopped

detain, fasten, halt, stop

trade

trade

trade

international trading

stamp

mark, seal

mark

stamp

entertain

rise to prosperity, amusement

entertain

interest

sign of the bird

the bird

sake

alcoholic drink

alcoholic drink

liquor

trade, exchange
stamp, seal, mark, imprint, symbol, emblem, trademark, evidence, souvenir,
India
entertain, revive, retrieve, interest, pleasure
west, bird, sign of the bird, 5-7PM, tenth sign of Chinese zodiac, sake
radical (no. 164)
sake, alcohol

bartending

pour wine

bartending

fermentation

ferment

fermentation

cruel

severe

cruel

repay

reciprocate

repay

repay, reward, retribution

dairy products

dairy products

dairy products

dairy products, whey, broth, fruit juice

vinegar

vinegar

vinegar

drunk

become intoxicated

drunk

drunk

drunk, feel sick, poisoned, elated, spellbound

distribute

distribute

distribute

distribute, pass out by hand

distribute, spouse, exile, rationing

acid

acid, oxygen

acid

sour

acid, bitterness, sour, tart

furthermore / waver

delay

furthermore

revered

honor

revered

esteem

revered, valuable, precious, noble, exalted

beans

bean

beans

bean

beans, pea, midget

head

head

head

head-kanji

head, counter for large animals

short

short

short

short

short, brevity, fault, defect, weak point

bountiful

plentiful

bountiful

plentiful

bountiful, excellent, rich

drum

drum

drum

drum

drum, beat, rouse, muster

rejoice

happy

rejoice

rejoice

rejoice, take pleasure in

timber-trees

standing tree

trees

dish

plate

dish

plate

dish, a helping, plate

blood

blood

blood

blood

blood

basin

tray, bon festival

basin

alliance

alliance

alliance

oath

alliance, oath

steal

steal

steal

steal by stealth

steal, rob, pilfer

warm

warm

warm

hot or warm thing

warm

oversee

oversee

oversee

oversee

oversee, official, govt office, rule, administer

overflow

excessive

excessive

specimen

appraise, reference volume

specimen

expert opinion

specimen, take warning from, learn from

fierce

fierce

fierce

fierce

fierce, rave, rush, become furious, wildness, strength

boom

prosperous

prosper

prosper

boom, prosper, copulate

bar-tending, serving sake, the host, draw (water), ladle, scoop, pump
fermentation
horrendous

cruel, severe, atrocious, unjust

vinegar, sour, acid, tart

furthermore, still, yet

timber trees, wood

basin, lantern festival, tray

excessive, overflow, spread out

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
salt

salt

salt

salt

salt

silver

silver

silver

silver

silver

regret / resentment

hold a grudge

rancor

hold a grudge

regret, bear a grudge, resentment, malice, hatred

root

root

root

root

root, radical, head (pimple)

instant

immediate

instant

immediately

instant, namely, as is, conform, agree, adapt

baron

rank of nobility

baron

node

joint, season of the year

node

season/joint

retreat

retreat

retreat

retreat

baron, peerage, court rank


node, season, period, occasion, verse, clause, stanza, honor, joint, knuckle,
knob, knot, tune, melody
retreat, withdraw, retire, resign, repel, expel, reject

limit

limit

limit

limit

limit, restrict, to best of ability

eyeball

eye

eyeball

eyeball

eyeball

good

good

good

good

good, pleasing, skilled

melodious

cheerful, clear

melodious

wandering

billow, wander

wandering

wander

wandering, waves, billows

daughter

daughter, girl

daughter

daughter

daughter, girl

eat

eat, food

eat, meal

eat

eat, food

meal

cooked rice, meal

meal

rice

meal, boiled rice

drink

drink

drink

drink

drink, smoke, take

hungry

starve

hungry

starve

hungry, starve

starve

starved

starve

decorate

decorate

decorate

decorate

decorate, ornament, adorn, embellish

bldg.

public building

public building

big hall

building, mansion, large building, palace

foster

foster

foster

cultivate, rear

foster, bring up, rear, develop, nurture

sated

satiated

sated

get sick of

sated, tired of, bored, satiate

previously

already

previously

already

previously, already, long ago

outline

general

outline

general concept

outline, condition, approximation, generally

rue

deplore

rue

deplore

rue, be sad, sigh, lament

even

flat, calm

flat

equal flat

even, flat, peace

call

call

call

call to someone

call, call out to, invite

207

two-mat area

tsubo

two-mat area

1501

1005

evaluate

comment

evaluate

28

16

clip

reap

820

2049

1294

hope

rare, aspire

hope

1490

866

2961

1877

villain

bad luck, atrocious

villain

1491

867

951

647

bosom

chest

bosom

1492

868

1836

1195

detach

separate

detach

1493

1609

1324

889

kill

kill

1494

1991

1297

874

genuine

1495

2071

1689

1108

1496

1909

2038

1287

1497

988

1364

922

1498

638

962

655

1499

2088

2275

1460

1500

851

2895

1849

reap

two-mat area, ~36 sq ft


art or literary criticism, not
the \"you're dum and smell\" evaluate, criticism, comment
kind
reap, cut, clip, trim, prune
hope, beg, request, pray, beseech, Greece, dilute (acid), rare, few,
rare
phenomenal
terrible,
villain, evil, bad luck, disaster

1458

1639

631

456

1459

1400

1722

1133

1460

1397

369

272

1461

1396

930

631

1462

1900

1120

763

1463

2218

2524

1611

1464

1694

2691

1729

1465

1401

3094

1969

1466

1398

398

296

1467

1399

1172

796

1468

46

3558

2216

1469

890

1325

891

1470

891

439

323

1471

635

406

302

1472

1040

2075

1316

1473

943

1691

1110

1474

1841

1692

1111

1475

531

1668

1093

1476

339

1734

1141

1477

1949

1717

1129

1478

130

1748

1150

1479

1452

2365

1531

1480

100

1715

1127

1481

811

1166

791

1482

809

1048

717

1483

810

641

462

1484

1570

3478

2167

1485

1866

273

205

1486

636

275

1487

1626

1488

637

1489

melodious, clear, bright, serene, cheerful

starve, hungry, thirst

bosom, breast, chest, heart, feelings

kill

chest, breast
divorce/ physical distance
separating 2 things.
kill

pure

genuine

the essence of X

genuine, purity, innocence, net (profit)

dull

dull

dull

dull

dull, slow, foolish, blunt

spicy

pungent, hard

spicy

spicy

spicy, bitter, hot, acrid

resign

word, resign

resign

quit

resign, word, term, expression

catalpa

catalpa

superintend

preside

superintend

manage

superintend, manager, rule

wall

wall

wall

wall

wall, lining (stomach), fence

detach, separation, disjoin, digress


kill, murder, butcher, slice off, split, diminish, reduce, spoil

catalpa tree

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1501

853

3179

2031

1502

248

1784

1166

1503

249

2374

1538

1504

250

1799

1172

1505

1696

2216

1408

1506

1745

1680

1102

1507

991

1698

1115

1508

1992

201

149

1509

2014

1278

858

1510

1552

198

17

1511

348

2642

1688

1512

349

1213

820

1513

568

543

399

1514

2140

1199

812

1515

1610

2857

1829

1516

560

2866

1834

1517

639

1518

1946

544

400

1519

640

2012

1269

1520

1537

927

628

1521

1538

1267

851

1522

1535

1519

1019

1523

1536

1266

850

1524

376

3075

1954

1525

377

476

350

1526

1734

2311

1490

1527

104

1654

1090

1528

102

1649

1089

1529

103

755

523

1530

101

758

525

1531

1126

2428

1571

1532

1762

2458

1590

1533

1786

2408

1559

1534

78

2430

1573

1535

79

1366

924

1536

83

1576

1060

1537

84

482

353

1538

81

981

670

1539

80

523

384

1540

82

1728

1138

1541

764

2467

1595

1542

766

1412

953

1543

765

1236

835

1544

767

156

116

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
avoid (a person or a bad
evade
avoid
evade
fate), dodge (a bullet)
new
new
new
new

KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
evade, avoid, avert, ward off, shirk, shun
new

fuel / firewood

firewood

fuel

parent

parents, relatives, intimate

parent

parents, kindness

fuel, firewood, kindling


parent, intimacy, relative, familiarity, dealer (cards)

happiness

good fortune, happiness

happiness

luck, happiness

happiness, blessing, fortune

tenacious

execute, seize

tenacious

to hella do

tenacious, take hold, grasp, take to heart

report

inform, requite

report

data

report, news, reward, retribution

shout

shout

shout

shout

shout, exclaim, yell

twist

inquire into

twist

income

take in

take in

get

income, obtain, reap, pay, supply, store

lowly

mean

lowly

despicable

lowly, base, vile, vulgar

tombstone

monument

tombstone

land

land

land

intimate

friendly

harmonious

forces

power

power

power

forces, energy, military strength

heat

heat, hot

heat

feverish, hot thing

heat, temperature, fever, mania, passion

mausoleum

imperial mausoleum

mausoleum

sign of the hog

the boar

nucleus

nucleus

nucleus

nucleus

nucleus, core, kernel

engrave

engrave, point of time

engrave

carve up

engrave, cut fine, chop, hash, mince, time, carving

above-stated

correspond to

above-stated

correspond to

above-stated, the said, that specific

censure

expose crimes

censure

mention

state

mention

refer to

mention, state, speak, relate

art

practical art

art

art , technique

art, technique, skill, means, trick, resources, magic

cold

cold

cold

cold

cold

brew

brew

brew

defer

cede

defer

lot

arable soil

lot

lass

young lady

lass

young lady

lass, girl, Miss, daughter

poison

poison

poison

poison / addict

poison, virus, venom, germ, harm, injury, spite

elementary

element, plain

elementary

element

elementary, principle, naked, uncovered

barley

wheat

wheat

barley

barley, wheat

blue

blue, green

blue

blue

blue, green

refined

refine, essence, spirit

refined

spirit

refined, ghost, fairy, energy, vitality, semen, excellence, purity, skill

solicit

request

solicit

request

solicit, invite, ask

feelings

emotion, actual conditions

feelings

emotion

feelings, emotion, passion, sympathy, circumstances, facts

clear up

fine weather

clear up

weather get good now!!

clear up

pure

clear

pure

pure

pure, purify, cleanse, exorcise, Manchu dynasty

quiet

quiet

quiet

quiet

quiet

blame

responsibility, blame

blame

condemn

blame, condemn, censure

exploits

achievements

exploits

achievements

exploits, unreeling cocoons

volume

accumulate

accumulate

pile up

volume, product (xy), acreage, contents, pile up, stack, load, amass

bond

debt, bond

bond

twist, ask, investigate, verify

tombstone, monument
continent

land, six
intimate, friendly, harmonious

diamond

diamond (shape), water chestnut, rhombus


mausoleum, imperial tomb
sign of the hog, 9-11PM, twelfth sign of the Chinese zodiac

censure, criminal investigation

brew, cause
concessions

defer, turnover, transfer, convey


lot, earth, soil

bond, loan, debt

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1545

641

702

496

1546

356

2429

1572

1547

357

115

85

1548

1799

744

519

1549

1652

2639

1686

1550

1017

551

405

1551

883

2272

1457

1552

882

1627

1081

1553

881

1816

1180

1554

1547

2368

1533

1555

704

3497

2179

1556

706

2435

1577

1557

1282

279

209

1558

1283

299

222

1559

1286

907

612

1560

709

3298

2075

1561

2176

545

401

1562

353

411

306

1563

352

1406

950

1564

1142

303

224

1565

1859

3557

2215

1566

2073

1729

1139

1567

1495

2731

1750

1568

1794

2576

1644

1569

642

1570

1818

2583

1650

1571

1990

2577

1645

1572

1629

2225

1416

1573

797

2559

1629

1574

798

114

84

1575

799

983

671

1576

413

1618

1077

1577

412

1818

1182

1578

993

657

471

1579

1832

630

455

1580

1673

1838

1196

1581

1151

2283

1465

1582

736

3565

2219

1583

737

1200

813

1584

738

1744

1149

1585

362

3576

2224

1586

363

1779

1164

1587

1018

1968

1246

1588

2075

2041

1288

693

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
pickling

pickle

pickling

pickle

pickling, soak, moisten, steep

surface

express, surface, table

express

express

surface, table, chart, diagram

bag

straw sack

bag

undefiled

immaculate

undefiled

honorable

undefiled, pure, clean, righteous, gallant

pledge

make an agreement

pledge

contract

pledge, promise, vow

consume

injest

consume

enjoy a drink and a smoke

consume, eat, drink, smoke, receive (a blow)

harm

harm

harm

damage

harm, injury

control

exercise jurisdiction over

control

proportion

divide

divide

divide

proportion, comparatively, divide, cut, separate, split

constitution

constitution

constitution

constitution

constitution, law

life

life, be born, student

life

life , give birth

life, genuine, birth

star

star

star

planet

star, spot, dot, mark

surname

surname

surname

surname

sex

nature, sex, -ity

gender

animal sacrifice

sacrifice

animal sacrifice

products

give birth, produce

give birth

family name
sex , or, essential nature of
something
sacrificial victim
childbirth, production of
things

hump

prosper

hump

hump, high, noble, prosperity

summit

peak

summit

summit, peak

sew

sew

sew

sew, stitch, embroider

worship

worship, humbly

worship

longevity

longevity, congratulations

longevity

casting

cast

casting

enroll

register

enroll

springtime

spring

springtime

peaceful

tranquil

peaceful

play music

play music

play music

musical performance

play music, speak to a ruler, complete

reality

real

truth

TRUTH

reality, truth

observance / dedicate

dedicate

observance

stipend

salary

salary

rod

rod

rod

discreet

respectfully

discreet

diligence

service

diligence

work

diligence, become employed, serve

sino

Chinese, fellow

China

Chinese

Sino-, China

sigh

sigh

sigh

lamentsigh

sigh, lament, moan, grieve

difficult

difficult, disaster

difficult

difficult

difficult, impossible, trouble, accident, defect

splendor

magnificent, China

splendor

hella showy, showy flower

splendor, flower, petal, shine, luster, ostentatious, showy, gay, gorgeous

droop

hang down

droop

drip, dangle

droop, suspend, hang, slouch

drowsy

sleep

drowsy

sleep

drowsy, sleep, die

spindle

spindle

ride

ride, get on

ride

ride a vehicle

ride, power, multiplication, record, counter for vehicles, board, mount, join

surplus

surplus

surplus

excessive

surplus, besides

now

present, this

now

now

now

include

contain

include

include

include, bear in mind, understand, cherish

bag, bale, sack, counter for bags

control, wedge

sex, gender, nature


animal sacrifice, offering
products, bear, give birth, yield, childbirth, native, property

worship, adore, pray to


lifespan / sushi

longevity, congratulations, one's natural life


casting, mint
enroll, domiciliary register, membership

spring / sexy

camellia

springtime, spring (season)


camellia
peaceful, calm, peace, easy, Thailand

observance, offer, present, dedicate


stipend, salary
pole

rod, stick, cane, pole, club, line


discreet, reverently, humbly

weight, plumb bob, sinker

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1589

2195

230

169

1590

1114

2059

1304

1591

2151

2781

1778

1592

1931

541

397

1593

1133

1983

1253

1594

1508

3065

1945

1595

1507

1042

713

1596

954

1485

998

1597

1199

2286

1469

1598

1201

636

459

1599

1203

1760

1155

1600

1200

1617

1076

1601

1202

3153

2016

1602

1047

3520

2193

1603

1665

87

64

1604

476

2635

1683

1605

477

1036

711

1606

206

2669

1713

1607

207

699

493

1608

208

1064

730

1609

643

2649

1694

1610

2050

3170

2027

1611

713

2726

1747

1612

1016

1021

700

1613

1842

2082

1320

1614

644

1018

696

1615

1939

1785

1167

1616

1051

888

597

1617

1037

3320

2091

1618

1390

3330

2101

1619

317

3325

2096

1620

396

3323

2094

1621

397

2721

1746

1622

1594

3321

2092

1623

1519

3319

2090

1624

1353

3327

2098

1625

2146

3322

2093

1626

1009

3326

2097

1627

2003

742

518

1628

1935

1103

754

1629

1443

3334

2102

1630

472

2104

1334

1631

473

1815

1179

1632

1632

889

598

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
versify

recite

versify

wish

thoughts

thought

versify, singing, recital

harp

koto

harp

shade

shade

shade

shady

shade, yin, negative, sex organs, secret, shadow

beforehand

in advance

in advance

beforehand

beforehand, previous, myself, I

preface

introductory part, order

preface

preface, beginning, order, precedence, occasion, chance, incidentally

deposit

deposit

deposit

plains

field

field

first part
deposit (like in a bank or
whatever)
field

concurrently

concurrently

concurrently

double-duty

concurrently, and

dislike

dislike

dislike

eww!!!

dislike, detest, hate

sickle

sickle

sickle

self-effacing

humble

self-effacing

bargain

incorrupt, cheap

bargain

West

west

west

west

self-effacing, humble oneself, condescend, be modest


bargain, reason, charge, suspicion, point, account, purity, honest, low price,
cheap, rested, contented, peaceful
west, Spain

value

price, value

value

value

value, price

need

important, summarize, require

need

important

need, main point, essence, pivot, key to

loins

waist

loins

waist

loins, hips, waist, low wainscoting

ballot

vote, slip

ballot

ballot

ballot, label, ticket, sign

drift

drift

drift

drift

signpost

mark

signpost

sign, mark

chestnut

chestnut

drift, float (on liquid)


signpost, seal, mark, stamp, imprint, symbol, emblem, trademark, evidence,
souvenir, target
chestnut

transition

transfer

transition

capsize

cover, overturn

capsize

veil

capsize, cover, shade, mantle, be ruined

smoke

smoke

smoke

smoky

smoke

south

south

south

south

south

camphor tree

camphor tree

offering

offer

offering

dedicate

offering, counter for drinks, present, offer

gates

gate

gates

gate

gates

question

question

question

question, problem

question, ask, problem

review

review

review

clique

clique

clique

clique

clique, lineage, pedigree, faction, clan

interval

interval, between

interval

a period of time

interval, space

simplicity

simple

simplicity

simplicity

simplicity, brevity

open

open

open

open

open, unfold, unseal

closed

close

closed

close store

closed, shut

tower

tall magnificent building, cabinet

tall

cabinet minister

tower, tall building, palace

leisure

leisure, quiet

leisure

hear

hear

hear

wet

moist

wet

column

column

column

fight

fight

fight

struggle

fight, war

godown

storehouse

warehouse

warehouse

godown, warehouse, storehouse, cellar, treasury

genesis

create

create

originate

genesis, wound, injury, hurt, start, originate

un-

is not

negative

injustice, mistake

un-, mistake, negative, injustice, non-

concern

wish, sense, idea, thought, feeling, desire, attention


harp, koto

deposit, custody, leave with, entrust to


plains, field, rustic, civilian life

sickle, scythe, trick


modesty

transition, move, change

camphor tree

review, inspection, revision

leisure
listen

hear, ask, listen


wet, be watered, profit by, receive benefits, favor, charm, steep
column, handrail, blank, space

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1633

1426

112

82

1634

1428

490

359

1635

1430

2775

1775

1636

1432

2610

1673

1637

1427

2807

1795

1638

1431

1955

1240

1639

416

98

74

1640

417

119

89

1641

1602

263

197

1642

1810

245

182

1643

1222

148

111

1644

1221

3151

2014

1645

1223

1407

951

1646

1224

760

526

1647

1225

1757

1648

1270

3379

2116

1649

1273

841

563

1650

1271

190

139

1651

1272

220

161

1652

1090

1459

980

1653

1147

2236

1424

1654

1060

1718

1130

1655

645

2181

1381

1656

30

2175

1377

1657

1515

2042

1289

1658

1027

456

333

1659

1512

414

308

1660

1511

1446

970

1661

1514

3107

1980

1662

2066

1486

999

1663

1513

2841

1818

1664

1068

3554

2214

1665

1480

1615

1075

1666

646

806

545

1667

1478

1451

973

1668

1479

1178

799

1669

1023

3105

1978

1670

1206

2871

1839

1671

135

1672

1096

1672

133

542

398

1673

134

986

674

1674

131

116

86

1675

1625

3573

2223

1676

332

1778

1163

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
haiku

haiku

haiku

actor

haiku, actor

repudiate

exclude, discharge

repudiate

eliminate

repudiate, exclude, expel, reject

sad

sad

sad

sad

jail cell, grieve, sad, deplore, regret

guilt

crime

guilt

sin

guilt, sin, crime, fault, blame, offense

comrade

fellow

comrade

older or younger colleague

comrade, fellow, people, companions

front door

hinged door

front door

marquis

feudal lord

marquis

climate

season, seasonal weather

climate

climate / candidate

climate, season, weather

decide

decide

decide

decide

decide, fix, agree upon, appoint

cheerful

pleasant

cheerful

pleasant

cheerful, pleasant, agreeable, comfortable

admirable

great

admirable

high-powered ,prestigious

admirable, greatness, remarkable, conceited, famous, excellent

difference

differ, violate

differ

different and therefore wrong difference, differ

horizontal

latitude

horizontal

defence

guard

defense

korea

South Korea

Korea

dry

dry

dry

dry out

dry, parch

liver

liver

liver

liver

liver, pluck, nerve, chutzpah

publish

publish

publish

edition

publish, carve, engrave

sweat

sweat

sweat

sweat, perspire

flats

eaves, counter for houses

flats

beach

shore

beach

sweat
counter for houses (literally
\"eaves\" but whatever)
shore

tree trunk

trunk

tree-trunk

trunk

tree trunk

potato

potato

potato

potato

potato

eaves

universe

eaves

roof / cosmos

eaves, roof, house, heaven

too much

remaining, excess

leave over

excess

too much, myself, surplus, other, remainder

exclude

rid of

exclude

exclude

exclude, division (x/3), remove, abolish, cancel, except

gradually

slowly

gradually

slowly

gradually, slowly, deliberately, gently

confer

describe

confer

route

way

route

on the way

route, way, road

diagonal

oblique

diagonal

diagonal

diagonal, slanting, oblique

paint

apply on a surface

paint

paint

paint, plaster, daub, smear, coating

bundle

tie up, bundle

bundle

bundle of sticks

bundle, sheaf, ream, tie in bundles, govern, manage, control

trust

rely on, ask

trust

ask a favor

trust, request

rapids

shallows

rapids

imperial order

imperial decree

imperial order

alienate

sparse, estrange

alienate

shun

alienate, rough, neglect, shun, sparse

quick

quick

fast

fast

quick, fast

organise

put in order

put in order

arrange

organize, arranging, tune, tone, meter, key (music)

sabre / saber

sword

sabre

saber

precipitous

danger, steep

precipitous

steep

examination

examine

examine

investigate

sabre, sword, blade, clock hand


precipitous, inaccessible place, impregnable position, steep place, sharp
eyes
examination, investigate

frugal

frugal

frugal

thrifty

frugal, economy, thrifty

heavy

heavy, duplicate

heavy

heavy

heavy, heap up, pile up, nest of boxes, -fold

move

move

move

motion

move, motion, change, confusion, shift, shake

front door, title page, front page


marquis, lord, daimyo

horizontal, woof, left & right, latitude


defense

defense, protection
Korea

flats, counter for houses, eaves


beach

confer, relate, narrate, describe

rapids, current, torrent, shallows, shoal


imperial order

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1677

426

2869

1838

1678

333

153

113

1679

1658

1218

823

1680

1633

725

509

1681

427

2371

1535

1682

274

3277

2059

1683

189

3286

2066

1684

1442

3284

2064

1685

1209

3280

2062

1686

1923

3279

2061

1687

238

3283

2063

1688

1421

3278

2060

1689

2063

3276

2058

1690

921

3285

2065

1691

852

3290

2069

1692

2190

3011

1911

1693

1819

2990

1900

1694

935

2993

1902

1695

2171

2962

1878

1696

1470

2963

1879

1697

1474

865

581

1698

1473

886

595

1699

1472

887

596

1700

1910

257

193

1701

1777

48

32

1702

1716

3059

1939

1703

1444

2595

1661

1704

1447

740

517

1705

1543

2565

1634

1706

1554

3146

2010

1707

239

165

122

1708

240

2359

1526

1709

241

3288

2067

1710

1532

1683

1104

1711

1032

846

565

1712

1595

1889

1216

1713

647

832

557

1714

244

1681

1103

1715

255

1860

1203

1716

648

3295

2072

1717

1804

1808

1177

1718

35

574

419

1719

1966

1084

741

1720

498

2066

1308

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
meritorious deed

meritorious service

meritorious deed

work

work

work

work (do your job)

meritorious deed, merit


work, (kokuji)

species

variety, seed

kind

seed, type kind

species, kind, class, variety, seed

collide

collide

collide

collision

collide, brunt, highway, opposition (astronomy), thrust, pierce, stab, prick

fragrant

balmy

fragrant

ill

illness

sick

sick kanji

ill, sick

stupid

stupid

stupid

molester

stupid, foolish

pox

smallpox

pox

symptoms

pathological condition

symptoms

rapidly

disease

rapidly

diarrhea

diarrhea

diarrhea

diarrhea

diarrhea

exhausted / tired

tired

exhausted

get tired from hard work

exhausted, tire, weary

epidemic

epidemic

epidemic

pain

pain

pain

hurts

pain, hurt, damage, bruise

mannerism

habit

mannerism

bad habit

mannerism, habit, vice, trait, fault, kink

hide

conceal

hide

conceal

hide, shelter, shield

artisan

craftsman

artisan

artisan

artisan, workman, carpenter

doctor

medicine, doctor

medicine

medicine

doctor, medicine

equal

counter for animals

equal

small animal

equal, head, counter for small animals, roll of cloth

ward

distict, ward

ward

ward, municipal district

ward, district

hinge

pivot

hinge

assault

beat

assault

punch

assault, hit, beat, thrash

europe

Europe

Europe

Europe

Europe

repress

suppress

repress

suppress

repress, well, now, in the first place, push, shove, press, seal, do in spite of

face up

look up

face-up

welcome

welcome

welcome

ascend

climb

climb

pompous look up to
face-up, look up, depend, seek, respect, rever, drink, take
go to pick someone up at the welcome, meet, greet
airport/bus stop/ station
climb
ascend, climb up

lucidity

limpid

lucidity

discharge

start, emit

departure

launch

discharge, departure, publish, emit, start from, disclose

abolish

abolish, waste

abolish

wane

abolish, obsolete, cessation, discarding, abandon

colleague

colleague

colleague

coworker

colleague, official, companion

dormitory

dormitory

dormitory

dormitory

dormitory, hostel, villa, tea pavillion

heal

treat

heal

medical therapy

heal, cure

carve

carve

carve

carve

carve, engrave, chisel

shape

shape

shape

form

shape, form, style

shadow

shadow

shadow

shadow

shadow, silhouette, phantom

cedar

cryptomeria

cedar

coloring

beautiful coloring

coloring

patent

proclaim merits

patent

lad

male name element

face

face

face

ought

must

by all means

swell

expand

swell

bulge

nonplussed / visit

participate, visit a holy place

participate

admit defeat / visit

send forth fragrance, fragrant, be scented, smoke (tobacco)

pox, smallpox
symptom

symptoms, illness
rapidly

epidemic

hinge, pivot, door

lucidity, be clear, clear, clarify, settle, strain, look grave

cedar, cryptomeria
hue

coloring, paint, makeup


patent, clear
lad, boy (ancient)

face

face, expression
ought, by all means, necessarily
swell, get fat, thick
nonplussed, three, going, coming, visiting, visit, be defeated, die, be madly
in love

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1721

499

483

354

1722

1768

123

92

1723

1940

909

613

1724

1656

1504

1008

1725

860

1962

1242

1726

862

831

556

1727

861

1299

876

1728

649

1319

886

1729

1541

2054

1299

1730

1542

1669

1094

1731

1539

522

383

1732

1540

2115

1340

1733

2085

3581

2227

1734

1891

2593

1660

1735

1022

2826

1808

1736

1078

2375

1539

1737

525

2118

1343

1738

1975

513

377

1739

2242

650

467

1740

829

3509

2187

1741

827

2238

1427

1742

828

892

600

1743

1825

2193

1389

1744

2004

1478

993

1745

1073

2069

1311

1746

2030

1534

1032

1747

2072

2129

1347

1748

1712

2098

1331

1749

1102

613

447

1750

402

2468

1596

1751

403

1066

733

1752

2083

249

186

1753

1130

2029

1280

1754

1688

1353

917

1755

2183

1908

1222

1756

1618

879

592

1757

1909

3494

2176

1758

1895

1332

899

1759

806

2560

1630

1760

807

1593

1069

1761

808

564

412

1762

1257

1703

1119

1763

1254

987

675

1764

1253

1047

716

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
wretched

miserable, cruel

wretched

wretched

wretched, disaster, cruelty, harsh

discipline

cultivate, repair

discipline

be a master of something

discipline, conduct oneself well, study, master

rare

rare

rare

very rare

rare, curious, strange

check up

examine a patient

checkup

diagnose

checkup, seeing, diagnose, examine

sentence

letter, writings

writing

culture/sentence

sentence, literature, style, art, decoration, figures, plan

vis-a-vis

opposite, oppose

opposite

against

vis-a-vis, opposite, even, equal, versus, anti-, compare

family crest

crest

family crest

insignia

family crest, figures

mosquito

mosquito

mosquito

mosquito

mosquito

adjusted

uniform

adjusted

unison

adjusted, alike, equal, similar variety of

dose

preparation

dose

type of medicine

dose, medicine, drug

finish

settle, relieve

settle

economy / to be over

finish, come to an end, excusable, need not

purification

observe religious abstinance

purification

purification, Buddhist food, room, worship, avoid, alike

solemn

purge

solemn

solemn, quietly, softly

bases

base, small fort

bases

music

pleasure, comfortable, music

pleasure

enjoy

music, comfort, ease

medicine

drug

medicine

medicine

medicine, chemical, enamel, gunpowder, benefit

ratio

rate, lead

rate

ratio

ratio, rate, proportion, %, coefficient, factor

astringent

no go smoothly, astringent

astringent

bitter flavor

astringent, hesitate, reluctant, have diarrhea

vicarious

take in, act as regent

vicarious

center

center

center

central

center, middle

England

distinguished, England

England

heroic/English

England, English

reflect

reflect, project

reflect

project

reflect, reflection, projection

red

red

red

red

red

pardon

amnesty

pardon

forgive

pardon, forgiveness

unusual

change, abnormal

change

change

unusual, change, strange

tracks

trace

tracks

vestiges

tracks, mark, print, impression

barbarian

barbarian

barbarian

barbarian

barbarian

romance

love

romance

passion

romance, in love, yearn for, miss, darling

gulf

bay

gulf

bay

gulf, bay, inlet

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

sideways

sideways

side

side / arrogant

sideways, side, horizontal, width, woof

grasp

grip

grasp

color

color

color

color

color

discontinue

break off, come to an end

discontinue

extinct

discontinue, beyond, sever, cut off, abstain, interrupt, suppress

glossy

charming, romance

glossy

fertilizer

fatten

fertilizer

sweet

sweet

sweet

navy blue

dark blue

dark blue

so and so

a certain

so-and-so

a certain

so-and-so, one, a certain, that person

conspire

scheme

conspire

plot

conspire, cheat, impose on, plan, devise, scheme, have in mind, deceive

mediator

intermediate

mediator

deceit

deceive

deceit

chess piece

shogi

chess piece

national flag

flag

national flag

bases, fort, rampart, walls, base(ball)

vicarious, surrogate, act in addition to

grasp, faggot, bunch, counter for bundles

glossy, luster, glaze, polish, charm, colorful, captivating


obese / manure / fatten up
for the slaughter
sweet

fertilizer, get fat, fertile, manure, pamper


sweet, coax, pamper, be content, sugary
dark blue, navy

mediator, go-between
dupe

deceit, cheat, delude


chess piece, Japanese chess, shogi

flag

national flag, banner, standard

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1765

1256

1704

1120

1766

1258

2699

1734

1767

1255

2673

1716

1768

844

2643

1689

1769

842

1777

1162

1770

843

559

409

1771

1798

2606

1669

1772

1764

3166

2023

1773

1560

3152

2015

1774

325

2146

1358

1775

324

2135

1351

1776

148

1337

904

1777

151

1329

895

1778

150

1161

789

1779

149

914

617

1780

152

348

258

1781

1589

2437

1580

1782

1558

1121

764

1783

1828

2223

1414

1784

1709

2592

1659

1785

1938

2246

1436

1786

340

2323

1499

1787

341

1637

1085

1788

1736

609

443

1789

1986

1806

1175

1790

743

1413

954

1791

1722

2805

1793

1792

1026

2612

1674

1793

323

733

513

1794

322

164

121

1795

1194

2393

1551

1796

1196

88

66

1797

1814

2584

1651

1798

1754

2720

1745

1799

1198

386

286

1800

1024

605

440

1801

318

2515

1609

1802

319

1101

751

1803

1195

2459

1591

1804

1052

3169

2026

1805

2046

1792

1171

1806

44

3454

2153

1807

1131

3069

1949

1808

1955

1308

880

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
period

term, expect

period of time

go

go

Go

period of time (i.e. semester) period, time, date, term

fundamentals

base

foundation

basis

fundamentals, radical (chem), counter for machines, foundation

tremendously

extremely

tremendously

enormous

tremendously, very, great, exceedingly

intuition

check, intuitive perception

intuition

perception

intuition, perception

withstand

endure

withstand

tolerate

withstand, endure, support, resist

precious

noble, your honorable

precious

virtue

precious, value, prize, esteem, honor

bequeath

leave behind

bequeath

bequeath

bequeath, leave behind, reserve

dispatch

dispatch

dispatch

apply

despatch, send, give, donate, do, undertake

dance

dance

dance

dance/ flutter

dance, flit, circle, wheel

nothingness

without, nothing

nothing

\"without-\"

nothingness, none, ain't, nothing, nil, not

association

organize, assemble

association

association, braid, plait, construct, assemble, unite, cooperate, grapple

coarse

coarse

coarse

one's team
rough texture, bad quality,
approximate

tariff

land tax

tariff

ancestor

ancestor

ancestor

ancestor

ancestor, pioneer, founder

thwart

obstruct

thwart

hamper

thwart, separate from, prevent, obstruct, deter, impede

investigate

look into

investigate

inspect

investigate

help

help

help

save

help, rescue, assist

best regards

right

best regards

just right

best regards, good

tatami mat

tatami, fold up

tatami mat

tatami mat

tatami mat, counter for tatami mats, fold, shut up, do away with

row

line up

line-up

line up / ordinary

row, and, besides, as well as, line up, rank with, rival, equal

universal

widespread

universal

normal

universal, wide(ly), generally, Prussia

musical score

systematic record

musical score

damp

damp

damp

appear

manifest

appear

slender

fine, fiber

slender

spirits

spirit

spirits

ghost

spirits, soul

business / profession

work, business, industry

business

business

business, vocation, arts, performance

slap

deal a blow

slap

eradicate

slap, strike, hit, beat, tell, speak

me

I, manservant

me

me (for dudes)

me, I (male)

together

joint

together

with

together, both, neither, all, and, alike, with

submit

offer

offer

accompany

submit, offer, present, serve (meal), accompany

uncommon

different

uncommon

to differ

uncommon, queerness, strangeness, wonderful, curious, unusual

wing

wing

wing

political wing

wing, plane, flank

deluge

flood

deluge

flood

deluge, flood, vast

harbor

port

harbor

harbor

harbor

outburst

violent

outburst

rampage

outburst, rave, fret, force, violence, cruelty, outrage

bomb

explode

explode

explode

bomb, burst open, pop, split

respect

respectful

respect

elect

choose

choose

Mr

palace, formal honorific title

Mr.

well

well

well

well

well, well crib, town, community

surround

enclose

surround

surround

surround, besiege, store, paling, enclosure, encircle, preserve, keep

till

till

till

Go

coarse, rough, rugged


tariff, crop tax, borrowing

musical score, music, note, staff, table, genealogy


become damp, moisten

damp, wet, moist


appear, existing
slender, fine, thin kimono

respect, reverent
choose

elect, select, choose, prefer


Mr., hall, mansion, palace, temple, lord

till, plow, cultivate

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1809

1818

3540

2204

1810

1704

2745

1758

1811

972

2955

1875

1812

1824

2047

1293

1813

1864

1518

1018

1814

1572

1517

1017

1815

1684

3519

2192

1816

170

1619

1078

1817

172

1624

1080

1818

171

1049

719

1819

173

659

473

1820

569

1574

1058

1821

899

120

90

1822

900

1589

1067

1823

204

133

101

1824

205

3136

2002

1825

203

1387

941

1826

1091

3483

2171

1827

988

2627

1680

1828

914

2951

1872

1829

915

1302

879

1830

916

470

344

1831

153

73

54

1832

154

319

239

1833

155

3084

1961

1834

438

3036

1922

1835

439

1147

782

1836

64

429

315

1837

63

437

321

1838

650

2504

1839

61

1735

1142

1840

62

1194

809

1841

156

1131

770

1842

1913

1678

1100

1843

846

1466

984

1844

674

1286

864

1845

13

1676

1099

1846

990

1686

1106

1847

739

1687

1107

1848

1672

847

566

1849

430

549

403

1850

431

2878

1840

1851

424

1289

867

1852

425

3147

2011

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
Asia

sub-, phonetic (a)

sub-

\"sub-\"

Asia, rank next, come after, -ous

bad

bad

bad

bad

bad, vice, rascal, false, evil, wrong

circle

circle, yen

round, yen

yen / circle

circle, yen, round

angle

angle, horn

angle

horn/ corner

angle, corner, square, horn, antlers

contact

touch

contact

touch

unravel

take apart, dissolve, clarify

untie

solve, untie

again

another time

again

again, once more

contact, touch, feel, hit, proclaim, announce, conflict


unravel, notes, key, explanation, understanding, untie, undo, solve, answer,
cancel, absolve, explain, minute
again, twice, second time

lecture

lecture

lecture

lecture

lecture, club, association

subscription

purchase

subscription

subscribe

subscription, buy

posture

constuct, mind

construct

set up, care about

posture, build, pretend

gutter

channel

gutter

ditch

gutter, ditch, sewer, drain, 1032

argument

argue, theory

theory

discussion

argument, discourse

ethics

morals

ethics

principles

ethics, companion

wheel

wheel, ring

wheel

ring/tire

wheel, ring, circle, link, loop, counter for wheels and flowers

partial

one-sided

partial

to lean

partial, side, left-side radical, inclining, biased

everywhere

all over

everywhere

universal

everywhere, times, widely, generally

compilation

compile, knit

compile

knit

compilation, knit, plait, braid, twist, editing, completed poem, part of a book

tome

counter for books

counter for books

counter for books

tome, counter for books, volume

code

standard work, canon

code

classic

code, ceremony, law, rule

family name

courtesy title, family name

family name

Mr. / speculum radical

family name, surname, clan

paper

paper

paper

paper

paper

marriage

marry

marriage

marriage

marriage

lower

low

low

low

lower, short, humble

resist

resist

resist

resist

resist, reach, touch

bottom

bottom

bottom

bottom

bottom, sole, depth, bottom price, base, kind, sort

people

people

people

folk

people, nation, subjects

sleep

sleep

sleep

sleepy

sleep, die, sleepy

catch

catch

catch

capture

catch, capture

bay

seaside

bay

shop

pave, shop

pavement

chain store

shop, store

supplement

supplement

supplement

supplement, candidate

supplement, supply, make good, offset, compensate, assistant, learner

residence

stately residence

residence

residence, mansion

enclosure

outer enclosure

enclosure

enclosure, quarters, fortification, red-light district

county

county

county

outskirts

suburb

outskirts

suburb

section

section

part

section

metropolis

metropolis, metropolis of Tokyo

metropolis

major city

outskirts, suburbs, rural area


section, bureau, dept, class, copy, part, portion, counter for copies of a
newspaper or magazine
metropolis, capital

mail

mail

mail

mail

mail, stagecoach stop

home country

state, Japan

home country

home town

hometown

home town

one's hometown

home town, village, native place, district

echo

reverberate

echo

echo

echo, also N5116, sound, resound, ring, vibrate

son

young man, male name suffix

son

corridor

corridor

corridor

bay, creek, inlet, gulf, beach, seacoast

bulrush

bullrush, flag, cattail

county, district

home country, country, Japan

son, counter for sons


corridor

corridor, hall, tower

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1853

374

3006

1907

1854

375

578

423

1855

1560

381

281

1856

558

953

648

1857

1749

2683

1724

1858

2026

3106

1979

1859

1001

1144

780

1860

1880

1755

1152

1861

1857

2981

1893

1862

2061

180

132

1863

122

2931

1861

1864

125

69

50

1865

123

1503

1007

1866

124

1716

1128

1867

126

1719

1131

1868

2185

3538

2203

1869

93

1340

905

1870

222

1318

885

1871

800

1317

884

1872

802

2851

1824

1873

801

647

464

1874

823

1341

906

1875

749

1435

963

1876

213

1365

923

1877

838

3038

1878

837

360

266

1879

836

356

263

1880

2174

2380

1542

1881

1641

2285

1468

1882

1817

1012

691

1883

1320

1870

1207

1884

1033

3551

2211

1885

410

3194

2037

1886

411

264

198

1887

1003

3572

2222

1888

1727

261

195

1889

1903

2558

1628

1890

2150

2100

1333

1891

2214

2575

1643

1892

1098

2087

1324

1893

1631

2448

1582

1894

113

1781

1165

1895

1758

2730

1749

1896

1741

2198

1393

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
shield

shield

shield

shield

shield, escutcheon, pretext

sequential

circulate

sequential

circulate

sequential, fellow

faction

sect, dispatch

sect

faction

faction, group, party, clique, sect, school

vein

vein, pulse

vein

vein

vein, pulse, hope

masses

multitude

masses

populace

masses, great numbers, multitude, populace

parcel post

relay

relay

grade

step

steps

forge

forge

forge

empress

empress

empress

phantasm

phantom

phantasm

illusion

phantasm, vision, dream, illusion, apparition

director

officiate

director

administer

director, official, govt office, rule, administer

pay respects

inquire

pay respects

pay respects, visit, ask, inquire, question, implore

part of speech

words

poetry

domesticate

raise animals

domesticate

formal visit
part of speech (adjective,
verb, noun, etc)
keep a pet

heir

heir

heir

boat

small boat

boat

liner

oceangoing ship

liner

navigate

navigate

cruise

navigation

navigate, sail, cruise, fly

carrier

sort

generally

general

carrier, carry, all

tray

disk, board

tray

tray

tray, shallow bowl, platter, tub, board, phonograph record

conveyor

carry

conveyor

ship

ship

boat

warship

warship

warship

rowboat

boat

rowboat

melon

relay, in turn, sending


step, stairs

grade, steps, stairs


forge, discipline, train
empress, queen, after, behind, back, later

part of speech, words, poetry


domesticate, raise, keep, feed
heir, succeed

boat

boat, ship
liner, ship

conveyor, carry, transport


ship

ship, boat
warship
rowboat, small boat

melon

melon

arc

arc

arc

arc

arc, arch, bow

orphan

solitary

orphan

solitary

orphan, alone

cocoon

cocoon

cocoon

benefit

benefit, profit

benefit

profit

benefit, gain, profit, advantage

spare time

free time

spare time

free time

spare time, rest, leisure, time, leave of absence

spread

lay

spread

lay out / site

spread, pave, sit, promulgate

come

come

come

come, future

come, due, next, cause, become

spirit

gas, spirit

feeling

mood

spirit, mind

vapor

steam

steam

fly

fly

fly

fly

fly, skip (pages), scatter

sink

sink

sink

sink

sink, be submerged, subside, be depressed, aloes

wife

wife

wife

wife

wife, spouse

decline

decline

decline

decline, wane

decline, wane, weaken

inmost

inner heart

inmost

mask

face

face

front surface, face

mask, face, features, surface

leather

leather, reform

leather

leather / revolution

leather, become serious, skin, hide, pelt

shoes

shoes

shoes

shoe

shoes

hegemony

supremacy

hegemony

voice

voice

voice

cocoon

vapor, steam

inmost, heart, mind, inside

hegemony, supremacy, leadership, champion


voice

voice

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1897

200

2549

1620

1898

201

405

301

1899

202

1542

1039

1900

1964

2334

1508

1901

1747

16

1902

1823

3001

1903

1797

1017

1904

784

3435

1905

785

2240

1429

1906

787

1124

766

1907

786

1197

811

1908

1572

1484

997

1909

948

2748

1761

1910

1551

2360

1527

1911

2055

1897

1219

1912

2152

2379

1541

1913

50

3453

2152

1914

804

1309

881

1915

805

3062

1942

1916

458

2174

1376

1917

459

1455

976

1918

26

3577

2225

1919

1941

131

99

1920

65

2556

1626

1921

66

474

348

1922

67

473

347

1923

68

1003

685

1924

2008

2846

1821

1925

1621

3111

1984

1926

2059

2825

1807

1927

1915

2295

1477

1928

1000

2256

1444

1929

1057

1787

1169

1930

1118

1032

708

1931

1861

572

418

1932

2124

931

632

1933

1879

1892

1217

1934

398

975

665

1935

399

421

313

1936

1787

3289

2068

1937

1942

1761

1156

1938

1056

2456

1588

1939

1877

2502

1608

1940

1728

538

394

695

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
give

Kingdom of Wu

give

recreation

enjoyment

recreation

entertainment ???

give, do something for


recreation, pleasure

mistake

mistake

mistake

mistake

mistake, err, do wrong, mislead

steam

steam, evaporate

steam

humid

steam, heat, sultry, foment, get musty

acquiesce

agree to

acquiesce

to be told / consent

acquiesce, hear, listen to, be informed, receive

extreme, pole

poles

extreme

box (archaic)
poles, settlement, conclusion, end, highest rank, electric poles, very,
extremely, most, highly, 1048
tusk, fang

bin
poles
tusk

tusk

bud

bud

bud

wicked

evil

wicked

heresy

bud, sprout, spear, germ


wicked, injustice, wrong

gracious
explanation /
interpretation
turn

elegant

gracious

elegant

gracious, elegant, graceful, refined

elucidate

explanation

explanation

explanation

numerical order, watch

one's turn

number

turn, number in a series

hearing

examine carefully, try

examine

judge

hearing, judge, trial

flip

turn over, render

flip

clan

feudal domain

clan

fur

hair

hair

decrease

wear away

decrease

tail

tail

tail

tail

tail, end, counter for fish, lower slope of mountain

home

dwelling house

home

home

home, house, residence, our house, my husband

consign

entrust

consign

do

do, sake

do

deed

falsehood

falsify

falsehood

fake

consign, requesting, entrusting with, pretend, hint


do, change, make, benefit, welfare, be of use, reach to, try, practice, cost,
serve as, good, advantage, as a result of
falsehood, lie, deceive, pretend, counterfeit, forgery

long

long, chief

long

long/boss

lengthen

spread, strain

stretch

stretch

notebook

notebook

account book

notebook

dilate

swell

hair of the head

hair

hair of the head

hair

hair of the head

unfold

unfold, display

expand

exhibit

unfold, expand

miss

mourning

miss

nest

nest

nest

habitat

nest, rookery, hive, cobweb, den

simple

single

simple

merely

simple, one, single, merely

war

war

war

fight

war, battle, match

zen

zen

Zen

Zen Buddhism

Zen, silent meditation

bullet

projectile, spring back

bullet

bullet / play guitar / bounce

bullet, twang, flip, snap

cherry tree

cherry

cherry tree

sakura

cherry

animal

beast

animal

beast

animal, beast

brain

brain

brain

brain

brain, memory

trouble

suffer

trouble

worry

trouble, worry, in pain, distress, illness

stern

severe

strict

strict

stern, strictness, severity, rigidity

chain

chain

chain

shut / chain

chain, irons, connection

raise

nominate, noteworthy act, raise

raise

raise / cite, mention

raise, plan, project, behavior, actions

reputation

honor

reputation

honor

reputation, praise, honor, glory

game hunting

hunting

game-hunting

flip, turn over, wave, flutter, change (mind)


clan, enclosure
fur

fur, hair, feather, down


decrease

long, leader
lengthen, counter for bows & stringed instruments, stretch, spread, put up
(tent)
notebook, account book, album
dilate, distend, bulge, fill out, swell

miss, mourning

game-hunting, shooting, game, bag

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1941

1838

3312

2083

1942

1811

674

481

1943

651

1850

1201

1944

1929

1945

652

2355

1523

1946

653

163

120

1947

405

1768

1158

1948

1584

3310

2081

1949

1733

1011

690

1950

654

1951

1558

586

428

1952

2062

1389

943

1953

1748

3145

2009

1954

2048

718

506

1955

776

132

100

1956

777

3135

2001

1957

779

2834

1813

1958

778

623

450

1959

1701

3091

1966

1960

2019

2843

1820

1961

655

2997

1962

795

1740

1145

1963

794

1372

928

1964

796

1673

1097

1965

1933

2033

1282

1966

1919

546

402

1967

475

594

434

1968

474

1597

1071

1969

1689

1694

1113

1970

420

2899

1851

1971

421

2896

1850

1972

1117

2067

1309

1973

1868

3120

1990

1974

949

979

668

1975

952

3318

2088

1976

488

2134

1350

1977

489

166

123

1978

1840

3296

2073

1979

656

1827

1189

1980

132

1833

1192

1981

220

1834

1193

1982

1333

1826

1188

1983

1471

1823

1185

1984

1072

1822

1184

1985

1993

1835

1194

413

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
bird

bird

bird

bird

bird, chicken

chirp

cry, sound

chirp

animal cry

chirp, cry, bark, sound, ring, echo, honk

crane

crane

crane

crane, stork

crow

crow, raven

vine

Japanese ivy

pigeon

pigeon

chicken

chicken

chicken

island

island

island

island

island

warmth

warm

warmth

warm place

warmth

beautiful woman

vine, ivy
pigeon, dove
chicken

princess

beautiful woman, princess

abet

aid

aid

assist

abet, help, save

slacken

slack

slacken

become loose, abate

slacken, loosen, relax, lessen, be moderate, ease

belong

belong to

belong

genus, affiliation

belong, genus, subordinate official, affiliated

entrust

charge with

entrust

accidentally

by chance, couple

accidentally

interview

treat, encounter

interview

foolish

foolish

foolish

dum diddy dum dum

foolish, folly, absurdity, stupid

corner

nook

corner

corner of room

corner, nook

inverted

reverse

inverted

opposite

inverted, reverse, opposite, wicked

model

model

model

model, molding

mount

hill

hill

mount, hill, knoll

steel

steel

steel

steel

hawser

essential points, rope

hawser

hawser, class (genus), rope, cord, cable

sturdy

tough

sturdy

tin can

can

tin can

can, like canned beef.

tin can, container

pottery

pottery

pottery

pottery, clay

pottery, porcelain

swing

shake

swing

sway, joggle

swing, shake, sway, rock, tremble, vibrate

noh chanting

popular song

noh chanting

concerning

set about

concerning

sociable

earnest, familiar

sociable

groundbreaking

reclaim

ground-breaking

excuse

exempt

excuse

exemption, licence

excuse, dismissal

deviate / elude

let slip

deviate

more or less than normal

deviate, idleness, leisure, miss the mark, evade, elude, parry, diverge

nightfall

evening

nightfall

night

nightfall, night

exertion

endeavor

exertion

try hard

exertion

elephant

phenomenon, elephant

elephant

elephant/phenomenon

elephant, pattern after, imitate, image, shape, sign (of the times)

statue

image

statue

statue image

statue, picture, image, figure, portrait

horse

horse

horse

horse

horse

pony

horse, chessman

horse

verification

test

test

equestrian

ride on horseback

equestrian

stop-over / parking

stationed

stop-over

stop at / park

stop-over, reside in, resident

drive

drive

drive

gallop, go fast

drive, run, gallop, advance, inspire, impel

station

station

station

train station

station

boisterous

clamor

boisterous

make noise

boisterous, make noise, clamor, disturb, excite

entrust, request, send a message


coincidence

accidentally, even number, couple, man & wife, same kind


interview, treat, entertain, receive, deal with

sturdy, strength

noh chanting
set out to do something.

concerning, settle, take position, depart, study, per


sociable, kind, courteous, hospitable, cordial
ground-breaking, open up farmland

pony, horse, colt


test

verification, effect, testing


equestrian, riding on horses, counter for equestrians

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
1986

1780

1821

1183

1987

886

2894

1848

1988

2070

2716

1744

1989

773

1106

755

1990

1922

3212

2048

1991

894

3255

2055

1992

895

3265

2056

1993

2144

3237

2053

1994

2082

1875

1208

1995

657

3254

2054

1996

893

3266

2057

1997

1048

1904

1221

1998

2011

3218

2049

1999

2229

3126

1996

2000

1752

2373

1537

2001

1011

3173

2029

2002

942

2151

1359

2003

658

2848

1823

2004

1779

1323

888

2005

1690

2847

1822

2006

659

2289

1471

2007

1597

697

491

2008

730

2992

1901

2009

553

2736

1751

2010

731

2806

1794

2011

733

430

316

2012

732

408

304

2013

734

2737

1752

2014

444

2698

1733

2015

445

777

535

2016

1120

3093

1968

2017

996

3328

2099

2018

660

349

259

2019

1921

2657

1702

2020

1976

1629

1082

2021

1914

1063

729

2022

139

3187

2035

2023

758

3329

2100

2024

1987

632

457

2025

1763

2917

1856

2026

2215

784

539

2027

2136

949

645

2028

1249

2772

1773

2029

793

2700

1735

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
burdensome

good for nothing

burdensome

bad quality

burdensome, pack horse, horse load, send by horse

wonder

surprise

wonder

astonish

wonder, be surprised, frightened, amazed

fervent

devoted

fervent

fervent, kind, cordial, serious, deliberate

inflation

rise

inflation

inflation, advancing, going

tiger

tiger

tiger

tiger, drunkard

captive

captive

captive

skin

skin

skin

epidermis

skin, body, grain, texture, disposition

void

void, false

void

empty

void, emptiness, unpreparedness, crack, fissure, untruth

frolic

sport

frolic

uneasiness

fears

uneasiness

prudence

consider

prudence

consideration

prudence, thought, concern, consider, deliberate, fear

drama

drama

drama

play

drama, play

tyrannize

cruel

tyrannize

oppress

tyrannize, oppress

deer

deer

deer

deer

recommend

recommend

recommend

recommend, mat, advise, encourage, offer

jubilation

felicitation

jubilation

lovely

of graceful beauty

lovely

gorgeous

lovely, companion

bear

bear

bear

bear

bear

ability

ability

ability

talent

ability, talent, skill, capacity

attitude

state

condition

looks like

attitude, condition, figure, appearance, voice (of verbs)

sign of the tiger

the tiger

performance

perform

perform

performance

sign of the dragon

the dragon

embarrass

humiliate

embarrass

humiliate

embarrass, humiliate, shame

quake

quake

quake

quake, shake, tremble, quiver, shiver

shake

swing

shake

with child

conceive

with child

shake, tremble
brandish, wave about /
pretend, be pretentious
pregnancy

lips

lip

lips

lips

lips

agriculture

farming

farming

farming

agriculture, farmers

concentrated

thick

concentrated

thick, dense

concentrated, thick, dark, undiluted

escort / send off

send

send

send

escort, send

connection

concern, barrier

related

connected to

connection, barrier, gateway, involve, concerning

blossom

bloom

blossom

bloom

blossom, bloom

ghost

devil

ghost

demon

ghost, devil

ugly

ugly

ugly

ugly

ugly, unclean, shame, bad looking

soul

soul

soul

spirit

soul, spirit

witch

demon

witch

devil

witch, demon, evil spirit

fascination

charm

fascination

enchant

fascination, charm, bewitch

clod

lump

clod

clump

clod, lump, chink, clot, mass

attack

raid

attack

attack, but also inherit ???

attack, advance on, succeed to, pile, heap

menacing / upbraid

intimidate

menacing

majestic plural

imperial we

majestic plural

atmosphere

atmosphere

atmosphere

atmosphere

atmosphere, fog

item

counter for items

counters for things

itemized list

counters for things

captive, barbarian, low epithet for the enemy

frolic, play, sport


uneasiness, fear, anxiety, concern

jubilation, congratulate, rejoice, be happy

sign of the tiger, 3-5AM, third sign of Chinese zodiac


performance, act, play, render, stage
sign of the dragon, 7-9AM, fifth sign of Chinese zodiac

shake, wave, wag, swing


with child, pregnancy

menacing, dignity, majesty, threaten


majestic plural, imperial we

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2030

1329

1741

1146

2031

2181

3167

2024

2032

1852

2617

1676

2033

2188

3457

2156

2034

661

3485

2173

2035

229

2384

1546

2036

1729

1751

1151

2037

181

3291

2070

2038

2216

3441

2147

2039

662

745

520

2040

663

3433

2140

2041

664

199

148

2042

665

3388

2124

2043

2670

823

2044

2671

2653

2045

2672

2671

2046

2673

2047

3140

2048

2454

2049

2843

2050

2844

2051

2499

2052

2496

2053

2498

2054

2497

2055

2583

2056

2582

2057

2584

489

2058

2585

110

2059

2501

2060

2503

1832

1191

2061

2500

412

307

2062

2502

2063

2973

2064

3085

2065

2964

2693

2066

3039

2924

2067

3043

1791

2068

2383

2069

3018

2070

3007

2071

2915

2072

3141

2073

2918

1381

2074

2473

3587

1059

725

731

1215

808
3528

1653

2230

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
tempering

refine

tempering

tempering, refine, drill, train, polish

abide by

obey

abide by

abide by, follow, obey, learn

quit

dismiss

quit

quit, stop, leave, withdraw, go

barracks

station troops

barracks

barracks, police station, camp

moreover

as well

moreover

moreover, also, furthermore

seaweed

algae

seaweed

seaweed, duckweed

slave

underling

slave

healing

heal

healing

rust colored / cinnabar

cinnabar

cinnabar

rust-colored, red, read lead, pills

lagoon

lagoon

lagoon

lagoon

sign of the cow

the ox

sign of the ox or cow, 1-3AM, second sign of Chinese zodiac

sign of the hare

the hare

sign of the hare or rabbit, 5-7AM, fourth sign of Chinese zodiac, east

sign of the snake

the serpent

sign of the snake or serpent, 9-11AM, sixth sign of Chinese zodiac

slave, servant, prisoner, criminal, follower


cure

healing, cure, quench (thirst), wreak

this here

this, current, next, coming, last, past

brushwood

brush, firewood

fort

fort, stronghold, entrenchments

whit

a little bit, sometimes

beard
crystal

beard, mustache
glassy substance

glassy

glassy, lapis lazuli

fowl

bird, captive, capture

apple

pear, apple

sympathize with

pity, have mercy, sympathise, compassion

phosphorus

phosphorus

camelopard

Chinese unicorn, genius, giraffe, bright, shining

scaled

scales (fish)

encompassing

cover

hermitage

hermitage, retreat

shrouded
myself

cover, conceal
I

I, we

make amends

I, myself
amend

steed

fleet steed

a good horse, speed, a fast person

steep

stern

high, steep

complete a job

end, finish

mortar

mortar

mortar

father-in-law

father-in-law

mouse

rat, mouse, dark gray

bore

chisel

break

destroy

break, destroy, censure, be chipped, be scratched, be broken, be ruined

small craft

counter for ships

rhinoceros

rhinocerous

lunar month

swamp, shore

spinal column

stature

rice-field footpath

rice field ridge path

mend
let it be

stature, height

compose, spell, write, bind (books)


that

you, thou, second person

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2075

2474

2911

1854

2076

2486

2077

2485

2078

2862

2079

2861

2080

2914

2081

3142

2082

2835

2083

3047

2084

2464

2085

2466

2086

2465

2087

3001

2088

2959

2089

3035

2090

2565

2091

3143

2092

2411

2093

2839

2094

2770

3406

2130

2095

2550

2063

1306

2096

2762

3438

2144

2097

2682

3549

2209

2098

3144

3480

2099

2314

2100

2347

2101

3019

3409

2102

2848

1931

2103

2442

3367

2104

2350

2488

2105

2551

2106

2534

2107

2265

2108

2549

2109

2504

2110

2286

2111

2789

2112

2491

66

2113

2795

33

2114

2788

2115

2685

2116

2313

2117

2624

2118

2738

2119

2461

1181

2410

2735

1197

3023

3002
1570

1482

1485

1604

94

47

46

118

88

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
imperial seal

imperial seal

emperor's seal

emperor's seal

suit of armor

put on armor, arm oneself

triumph

victory song

bewitched

bewitching

irrigate

fertility

quaff

attractive, bewitching, calamity


fertility
chug

drink

leek

leek

lottery

lottery, raffle

penitential

regret, repent, confess sins

hay

grass cutting, hay

chick

chick, squab, duckling, doll

scurry

run, go, quick, tend towards

understandably

reasonable, just, natural, superb, outstanding, plausible

training

consider

immense

think, consider, quarrel


large, mix

grab

form

a (a certain)

dice, form, appearance, take, coloring


some, one, or, possibly, a certain

chop off

kill by slicing

rabbit

beheading, kill, murder


rabbit, hare

est

classical copula

to be (classical)

lofty

yao

high, far

comma-design

circular comma pattern

comma-design

offspring

barely

for the first time, not until

critters

head, counter for animals

violet

the violet

mandala

wide, beautiful

towel
quote

towel
such

say

augury
heaven-high

towel, hanging scroll, width

divining, fortune-telling
tall

high, boasting

shalt

must not, do not, be not

Yamato

Yamato, ancient Japan

chivalry

tomboy, chivalry

fed up

lose interest in, tire of

comely

beautiful, clever, deceive, sly

abrupt

sudden, abrupt, improvised

work a field
minstrel

cultivated rice field


musician

actor

animal offspring

offspring

foe

foe, enemy, revenge, grudge, feud

look after
trifle

nursing, attending, entertainer


a wee bit

a wee bit

biased

prejudice, bias, rural area

make a profit

be profitable, yield profit

bliss

happiness, luck

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2120

2349

2121

2790

2122

2754

2123

2969

2124

3022

2125

3145

2126

2648

2127

3146

2128

2406

160

2129

2423

135

103

2130

2852

136

104

2131

3051

2132

3137

2133

2390

2134

2667

2135

2766

2136

2353

2137

2654

2138

3045

2139

3105

2140

3104

2141

2946

2142

2934

2143

2528

2144

3042

2145

2912

2146

2639

2147

3103

2944

2148

2842

2942

2149

2933

3017

2150

2596

2151

2595

2152

2866

2153

3055

2154

2627

2155

2578

2156

3036

2157

3135

2158

2506

2159

2598

2160

2373

2161

3147

2162

2768

2163

3024

2164

2328

46

30
65

111

74

79

128

55

56

96
58

1898

1914

2946

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
emigrant

temporary home

partner

companion

companion, follower

performing artist

deed

deed, skill

integrity

strong, just, righteous, peace-loving

mate

both

as is
adjutant

as it is, because
help

help, assist

fork in a road

crotch, thigh, groin, (kokuji)

hire

employ, hire

memorial
dried meat

recollect, remember
dried meat

dried meat

my son

son, my son

make do

make

nifty
sharp

uncanny

deeyammn!!! (hella)

crisp and clear

be clear, serene, cold, skilful

wilt

wither, droop, lame

pull through
metallurgy

uncanny, weird, threatening, horrible

endure, keep (rain)out, stave off, tide over, defy, slight, surpass
melting

melting, smelting

stately

cold

kite

kite, (kokuji)

lull

lull, calm, (kokuji)

earlybird

bright and early, long ago, early in life

phoenix

male mythical bird

slaughter

axe, kill

moment

temple

temple

peel off

peel

come off, peel, fade, discolor

shave

shave

aroma

scent

fragrant, stink, glow, insinuate, (kokuji)

flexed

capture

be bent, slope, capture

despondent

get tired of, satiate, bore

wild goose

wild goose

counterfeit

counterfeit, forgery

kitchen

kitchen

insinuate

be seen dimly, suggest, intimate, faint, stupid, hint

scout
derision

scout, sentinel
ridicule

ridicule, insult

reprehend

blame, censure, reprimand

whisper

whisper, murmur

chatter
windpipe

speak
throat

choked, smothered, stuffy

quarrel

noisy

gossip

rumor, gossip, hearsay

cough

cough

clamor
throat

talk, chat, chatter

cough, clear throat


noisy, boisterous

throat

throat, voice

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2165

2679

2166

2923

2167

2571

2168

2929

2169

2930

2170

2931

2171

3056

2172

3148

2173

3057

2174

2967

2175

2876

2176

3149

2177

2646

2178

2459

400

2179

2924

182

2180

3058

2190

2181

3052

2182

3150

2183

2708

2184

2569

2185

2783

2186

2379

2187

2409

2188

2554

2189

2482

2190

2694

2191

2432

2192

2739

2193

2968

2194

2928

2195

2902

2196

2621

2197

2635

2198

2268

2199

2755

2200

2753

2201

3020

2202

2429

2203

2305

2204

3089

2205

2657

2206

3119

2207

2403

2208

3136

2209

2885

299

2163

134

200

297

1388

552

722

508

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
saliva

saliva

saliva, sputum

bash

strike, beat, hit, thrash, criticize

fib

lie, falsehood

peck at

peck, pick up

curse

charm

spell, curse, charm, malediction

barking

bark, howl, cry

dangle

suspend, hang, wear (sword)

chew

chew, bite

chew, bite, gnaw

within my ability

dream come true

grant, answer

sides of the mouth

proboscis

stammer

stammer

spin a tale

talk, (kokuji)

miso

boisterous

pop song
scold

songs with samisen


scold

scold

songs with samisen


scold

scold, reprove

city walls

village, rural community, right village radical (no. 163)

dumbfounded

be amazed, disgusted, shocked

ingest

eat, drink, receive (a blow), (kokuji)

clay

clay

authochthonous

divination sign, land, earth

piled high

piled high

piled high

dugout

trench, dugout, air raid shelter

blemish

dirt, grime, earwax

flat

level, wide

wharf

wharf

stuff up

fill in

fill in

dam

dam, prevent, stop up

railing

fence, railing, enclosure

suckling infant

sharp (music), baby

violate

rape

jealous

jealousy

wicked, mischief, seduce, rape, noisy


jealous, envy

handmaiden

maidservant

well finished

graceful

harlot

prostitute

courtesan

stretch, singing girl, geisha, prostitute

fair

beautiful

niece

niece

envy

envy

jealous, envy

mistress

mistress, weak

aged woman

old woman

mother-in-law

mother-in-law

young miss
overjoyed

elder sister, maidservant


glad

stoked

glad, pleased, rejoice

expecting

become pregnant

assiduous

industriousness

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2210

2841

1443

2211

2724

2212

2613

2213

2927

2214

2926

2215

2925

2216

3111

2217

2740

2218

2630

2219

2628

2220

3151

2221

2988

2222

2792

2223

2513

2224

2558

2225

2354

2226

2287

2227

2441

2228

2495

2376

2229

2555

2313

2230

2364

2231

2878

286

2232

3152

723

2233

2756

2234

2249

3083

2235

2451

3163

2236

2629

2237

2597

3189

2036

2238

3059

3051

1933

2239

2577

2240

2830

2241

2892

2242

2771

2243

3113

2244

2723

2245

2318

2246

2678

2247

2744

2248

3060

2249

3025

2250

2910

2251

2574

2252

2380

2253

2358

2254

2987

2202

1397

2330

3032

3099

2331

1504
346

1540

460

288

214

427

498

690
366

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
soothe

soothe, calm, pacify

imply
extensive

temporary abode, keep, imply, suggest


grand

wide, large

jail

prison, jail, hardness

block up

obstruct

close, shut, cover, block, obstruct

Sung dynasty

dwell, Sung dynasty

venison

muscles, meat

butchering

slaughter, butcher, slay

fart

fart

rubbish
buttocks

fart, passing gas


rubbish, junk, trash, waste, scraps

buttocks

buttocks

butt

buttocks, hips, butt, rear

frequently

often, frequently

corpse

corpse

folding screen
high-reaching

wall, fence
bulk

be aggravated, grow worse, grow bulky, swell

rugged mountains

towering in a row

high mountain

high mountain

bluffs
mountaintop

cliff

cliff, bluff, precipice

ridge

peak, summit

fit into

go into, plunge, inlay

rocky

steep, craggy, rugged

quire

quire (of paper), bundle of seaweed, counter for screens, notebook

banner

flag

pennant

flag, banner, streamer

cleaver

kitchen

licensed quarters

enclosure, quarter, red-light district

overhang

protect, shield, defend, eaves, canopy, penthouse, visor

hawk

hawk

hawk

shire

feudal village

level

tomb sanctuary

mausoleum, shrine, palace

strengthen
more and more

strong
phonetic (mi)

all the more

all the more, increasingly

loosen

slacken, relax

rice gruel

rice gruel

lathe

saw, turn (lathe), grind

bump into

thrust, pierce, stab, prick

disguise

impersonate, dress up, disguise, thin shingles

pillage
shove

pillage, rob, graze, skim, sweep over, cheat, hint


push open

push open

clutch

catch, seize, grasp, hold, arrest, capture

impress
wrenching

press, print, affix a seal, stamp


twist

scratch

twirl, twist, play with


scratch

assortment
wipe

scratch, rake, comb, paddle, behead


composing, editing, compiling, selecting

wipe

wipe

wipe, mop, swab

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2255

2619

590

2256

3153

2257

2417

2258

3154

693

2259

2289

371

2260

2330

433

2261

3015

2262

2731

2263

2591

2264

2337

2265

2518

2266

2323

2267

2276

2268

2568

2269

2996

2270

2608

2271

2970

2272

2995

2273

2879

2274

2532

2275

2864

2276

2787

2277

2487

2278

2492

298

221

2279

2676

486

357

2280

2317

2281

2665

368

2282

2832

366

2283

2640

424

314

2284

2405

615

448

2285

2493

2286

2793

2287

2478

474

2288

3049

498

2289

2322

391

291

2290

2580

383

283

2291

2775

703

2292

2801

2293

2799

2294

2820

2295

2759

606

2296

2452

266

2297

2802

2298

2850

491

428

736

370

481

352

511

536
387

287

199

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
muster

make uniform

churn up

be complete, uniform, all present


handle, deal with, dispose of, sell, be in demand, be worldly, be frank, be
sensible, be sociable, drainage, sale, demand for, eight
disturb, throw into confusion

rubbing

rub, fold, print (on cloth)

deal with

press down on

hold, consider, investigate

nab

capture

imminent

be imminent

capture

catch, capture
be imminent

disseminate

plant, sow

interpretation

bow with arms folded, come together, assemble

receptable

requesting, entrusting with, pretend, hint

dedicate

lift up, give, offer, consecrate, sacrifice, dedicate

twirl

twist, twine, kinky

counter for tools

counter for guns, inksticks, palanquins, rickshaws, bravely volunteer

commotion

disturb, throw into confusion

make headway

make progress

make progress

petting

stroke, pat, smooth down

sprinkle

scatter, sprinkle, give them the slip

outstanding

excel in, surpass, pull out, select

spoils

victory, fast

gouge out

gouge, hollow out, bore, pry

wince
ponder

get afeared
mediate

consider, reflect, think

infatuation

to fall in love with

quickwitted

clever

considerate

sincere

yearn

sincere, kind, considerate


desire

yearn for

yearn after, long for, aspire to, admire, adore


just as, as though, fortunately

enlarge

wide, large, enlarge


brotherly love

bubble up

serving our elders


boil

canal
glistening

fall in love with, admire, grow senile


wise

as if

respect for elders

cowardice, wince, flinch, hesitate, waver

boil, ferment, seethe, uproar, breed


water route, shipping channel

vast

sparkling water

bounding main

deep and broad

gargle

gargle, rinse mouth

continent
swirling waters

continent, sandbar, island, country


truly

alike, truth

seep

imbued with

rinse

wash, sprinkle

douse

wash

teardrops

tears, weep, cry

gushing
grains of sand

all, turbidity
sand

sand

blaspheme
lewd

sand
defile, blaspheme, ditch

lewdness

lewdness, licentiousness

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2299

2900

2300

2407

2301

2443

2302

2741

2303

2798

2304

2370

2305

2435

805

2306

2378

792

2307

2535

741

2308

2940

2309

2439

2310

2445

520

2311

2941

438

2312

2706

145

2313

2808

542

2314

2536

2315

2953

2316

2433

2317

3017

2318

2674

514

2319

2826

743

2320

2547

600

2321

2805

2322

2271

2323

3126

2324

2529

2325

2952

2326

2610

2327

2545

2328

2863

2329

2306

2330

3155

2331

3061

2332

2813

2333

2814

2334

2468

2335

2522

2336

2587

2337

2505

2338

2600

2339

2603

2340

2460

2341

2444

2342

2510

2343

2244

775

322

200

265

662

219

2107

345

378

435

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
roofbeam

weir, fish trap, beam, girder

sediment

sediment, grounds, dregs, stagnant

widespread

spread out

spread out, wide

old Kyoto

Kyoto, the capital

thou

you, thou

filter

manufacture paper, spread out thin, strain, percolate

on the verge of

shore, brink, verge

moat

moat, ditch, canal, Australia

spray

sprinkle, lively, vigorous

drowning

drown

drown, indulge

port

port, harbor

solitude
abounding

lonely, deserted
vast

wide expanse, abundance, vigorous

waters edge

water's edge, shore, bank

large goose

large bird, wild goose

souse

pour into, irrigate, shed (tears, flow into, concentrate on

brimming

overflow

cleanse

luxury

inundate
immaculate

luxury, select
fill, wear (a smile)

purehearted

defile
moisten

overflow, inundate, spill

pure
crush

gracious

crush, smash, break, dissipate


kindness

rough seas

open sea

draw water

draw (water), ladle, scoop, pump

river pool

pure water, clear water, pool in a river

cumulation

collect, gather, be in arrears

abyss

edge

chaos
pan-

primeval chaos
pan-

pan-

strainer

filter

drench

get wet, damp, make love

eddy

pool, eddy

fabrication
cauldron

black soil
kettle

kettle, cauldron, iron pot

hatchet

ax, hatchet

grandpa

old man, grampa

sly

crafty

indecent

obscene

cunning

cunning, sly, crafty, niggardly

racoon dog

tanuki, raccoon

wolf

wolf

flustered

wolf, be flurried

pup

puppy, dog

fox

fox

a-un

archaic part of Korea, lion-dog shrine guards

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2344

2253

2345

2424

2346

2546

2347

3156

2348

2279

2244

1434

2349

2280

2284

1467

2350

3138

2351

2308

2319

2352

3183

2532

2353

3157

2354

3158

2355

2533

2356

2656

2357

2450

2358

2320

2359

2348

2360

2463

2361

2517

2208

1402

2362

2300

2337

1513

2363

2400

2383

1545

2364

2871

2365

2735

2366

2267

1487

2367

2310

1529

2368

2806

2369

2351

2370

2298

2372

1536

2371

2638

2381

1543

2372

2687

2373

2250

2374

2404

2375

2283

2376

2334

2377

2954

2378

2680

2379

2955

2380

2962

2381

2730

2382

2490

2383

2509

2384

3011

2385

2994

2386

2764

2387

3131

1495

2478

2523

1511

2423

1431

2517

2301

1481

2522

2505
1425

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
aim at

aim at

aim at

aim at, sight, shadow, stalk

lion

lion

baboon

baboon

tobacco

tobacco

jasmine

jasmine

jasmine

hawthorn

jasmine

jasmine

strawberry
bush clover

strawberry
hagi

bush clover

technique (old)

art, craft, performance, acting, trick, stunt

trim

mow down (the enemy)

straw raincoat

straw raincoat

numb

wither

moss

wither, droop, lame


moss, lichen

prodigal

melt, be charmed, captivated

cover over

cover

tendril
lotus

cover, shade, mantle, capsize, be ruined


vine, tendril, influence, connections, good offices, spread, sprawl, thrive,
rampant, powerful
lotus

lotus flower

lotus

lotus, Mt fuji

lotus blossom

cotton rose

lotus

orchid

orchid

orchid, Holland

hollow reed

reed, bullrush

yam

potato

iris

iris

banana

banana

wick

wick

buckwheat

wick
buckwheat

butterbur

butterbur

indigo

indigo

butterbur, bog rhubarb


indigo

eggplant

indigo
eggplant

bullying

torment

torment, scold, chastise

behind the scenes

shade, shadow, backing assistance

wormwood

sagebrush, wormwood, mugwort

mustard
germinate

mustard, rape, dust, trash, rubbish


germinate

show symptoms of, sprout, bud, malt

grape

wild grape, Portugal

grape vine

grape vine, wild grape

resurrect

be resuscitated, revived

grow wild

grow luxuriously

cocklebur

plant, herb, mushroom

rush mat

reed used for matting

darken

ignorance, darkness, get, receive, be subjected to, sustain, Mongolia

grassy reed

miscanthus reed

plantain

banana

mow

cutting (grass)

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2388

2984

2503

2389

3062

2390

2982

2391

3063

2392

2589

2393

2822

2394

2873

2395

2716

1507

2396

2855

1406

2397

3125

2398

2662

2399

2296

2400

3122

2401

2609

2402

2736

2403

2966

2404

3117

2405

3159

2406

2559

2407

2992

2408

2398

2409

2829

2410

2256

2411

2661

2412

2778

2413

3114

2414

3064

2415

2393

2416

2561

2417

2282

2418

2315

3141

2007

2419

2263

3168

2025

2420

2704

2421

3160

2422

2399

2423

2727

2424

3008

1288

2425

2908

1888

2426

2978

670

2427

2586

2428

3041

2429

2747

2430

2566

2431

2488

2317

2507

2261

1493

1512

1448
1466

2506

3076

1955

3201

2493

866

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
lid

cover

onion

stone leek, Welsh onion

revile
hollyhock

cover, lid, flap

ignore
mallow

ignore, despise, neglect, ridicule


hollyhock

shingling

thatch, cover, shingle, tile

stamen

pistil, stamen

mushroom

mushroom

sowing

sow (seeds)

parsley

parsley

thatching

rush matting

kudzu

arrowroot

arrowroot, kudzu

pale blue

blue, pale

straw

straw

turnip

turnip

sweet potato

potato

quack

thicket, bush, underbrush, grove

garlic

garlic

bracken

bracken, fernbrake

grow plentiful
madder red

dense growth
madder

madder, red dye, Turkey red

candle rush

reed used to cover tatami

collector

gather

sedge

sedge

ditch reed
Way

reed, bullrush
edify

edify, way, path

track down

follow (road), pursue

crawl

crawl, creep, grovel, trail (vines)

detour

roundabout way

elude

flee, escape, shirk, evade, set free

tryst

meeting, tryst, date, rendezvous

far off

far

far off, distant, long ago

remote

faraway

distant

pressing
until

urge, force, imminent, spur on


up to

modest

until, up to, as far as, to the extent


humble

standstill
cultured

stop
aromatic

cultural progress, perfume

courtesy
chink

humble, modest

an ancient Chinese province


fissure

crevice, fissure, discord, opportunity, leisure, also N5013

nook

corner, nook, recess

possessed

depend, rely, evidence, proof, according to, possess, haunt

attract

attract, captivate
all, entirely, altogether, completely, use up, run out of, exhaust, befriend,
serve
in a moment, instantly, all of a sudden, neglect, disregard

without exception
instantaneously

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2432

2824

2780

2433

2261

2434

2427

1695

2435

3046

1579

2436

2833

2437

2436

2438

2647

2439

2758

2440

2760

2441

2651

2442

2291

1585

2443

2512

1592

2444

3128

2445

2537

2446

2477

2450

2447

2338

1099

2448

2734

2449

2935

2450

2804

2451

2457

2452

2773

2453

2975

2832

2454

2895

881

2455

2331

2456

2255

2457

2794

2458

2870

2459

2344

842

2460

2516

1092

2461

2430

2462

2553

2463

2981

2464

2980

2465

2888

2466

2336

2467

2884

2468

2335

2469

2615

2470

2605

2471

2526

2472

3021

2473

2733

699

2474

2745

676

2475

2484

721

2476

2942

2656

1777

1701

1586

692
2396

1584

742
2412

1562
573

2418

1035

623
1015

694

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
firstborn son

general

all

in the nick of time

be superior, heal, more and more, increasingly, finally, beyond doubt

sensitive

excuse, tolerate, forgive

overarching
progress

the Pleiades
jin dynasty

equivocal

advance
not clear

dark, not clear

aglow

clear

halo

halo, corona, fade

glitter

shine, light

dry weather

drought, dry weather

clear skies

late, quiet, sets (sun)

morrow

morning, early

bleaching

bleach, refine, expose, air

obscure
limpid

foolish

dark, foolish

dazzling

clear

air out

bleach, refine, expose, air

dawn
elevate

dawn, daybreak
high

effulgent

rise
flourishing

flourishing, successful, beautiful, vigorous

dusk

dark, evening, dusk

last day of the month

dark, disappear

kidney

kidney

thigh

crotch

kidney
grrrrrroin

thigh, crotch, yarn, strand

pus

pus, fester, discharge

viscera

viscera, bowels

bladder

bladder

embryo
anus

embryo
anus

anus

cowardice

timidity

knee

knee

timidity, heart, mind, fear, cowardly


knee or lap

fragile

brittle, fragile, easy to beat, sentimental, susceptible

rib

rib

elbow

elbow

elbow, arm

body cavity
gland

body cavity
gland

gland

tumour

tumor

dining tray

tray

armrest

pillow

gland
swell

tumor, swelling
small low table, tray
ability, talent, elbow, arm

uncivilized
maple tree

knee, lap

barbarian, foreign
maple

maple
pillow

pillow

purple willow

willow

Oriental elm

type of deciduous tree, grey starling

hazel

hazelnut, filbert

comb

comb

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2477

2386

2478

2309

2479

2641

2480

2542

2481

2538

2482

2556

2483

3161

2484

2273

2485

2875

608

2486

2779

610

2487

2633

2488

3109

2489

3107

2490

3106

2491

3098

2492

2692

2493

2818

2494

2960

2495

2333

2496

2391

989

2497

2800

933

2498

2447

2499

2519

2500

3009

2501

2765

2502

3120

2503

2921

2504

2408

2505

2784

2506

2539

2507

2920

2508

2846

2509

3093

2510

2815

833

2511

3087

2398

2512

2396

988

2513

2560

1016

2514

3130

2515

2372

2516

2295

2517

3028

2518

2419

2519

2631

2520

3096

2521

3065

606

1051

1077

835

722

737

559

679

1555

718

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
wooden hammer

hammer, mallet

mallet

woodcutting, lumberjack

ladder

ladder, stairs, insatiable drinking

chair

chair

chair

persimmon

persimmon

persimmon, shingle

citrus tree

citrus, orange

girder

beam

beam, girder, spar, unit or column (accounting)

picket

stake, post, picket

holly

holly

citron

citron

wooden bowl

wooden or lacquered bowl

hemlock

hemlock, (kokuji)

spindle tree

straight grain, spindle tree, (kokuji)

sacred Shinto tree

sacred shinto tree, (kokuji)

evergreen oak
Chinese black pine

evergreen oak, (kokuji)


podocarpus

twig, ornamental evergreen

Japanese oak
mandarin orange

oak
mandarin

mandarin orange

Japanese cypress

Japanese cypress

roost

live, dwell

nestle

nest, rookery, hive, cobweb, den

spiny

close up

for the most part, close up

bellflower

used in plant names

temple grove

woods, grove

grain rake

kind of rake

oar

sculling oar

wooden pestle

wooden pestle

cane

staff, cane

sweet oak

oak

barrel

oak, mallet
barrel, cask, keg

palisade

fence

stockade, fence, wier, entwine around

turret

oar, tower

sturdy oak

oak

wooden ladle
damson

ladle, scoop
plum

plum

raw cotton

cotton

escutcheon

shield, buckler, pretext

hackberry

lotus tree

birch

birch

lance

spear, lance, javelin

wild mulberry

wild mulberry

bale

pack, tie up, bale

loquat

spoon

downspout

water pipe, gutter, downspout, conduit

sled

sled, sleigh, snowshoes

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2522

2636

2523

2653

1697

2524

2469

698

2525

2425

743

2526

3006

2527

2377

2528

3110

2529

2831

2530

2872

2531

2458

2532

2343

2533

2319

2052

2534

2729

750

2535

2264

740

2536

2562

2537

2898

2538

2385

2539

2939

2540

2402

2541

2643

2542

2709

2543

2856

2544

2816

2545

2742

2546

2828

996

2547

2299

1058

2548

2616

2549

2993

2550

2909

2551

2947

826

2552

2948

839

2553

2316

1026

2554

2446

2555

2530

1060

2556

2397

1000

2557

2342

2558

2951

2559

2365

2560

2906

2561

2905

2562

2606

2563

3066

2564

2751

2565

2384

2566

2434

732

960

653

2778

1056

1023
744

703
683
726

660

727
971

661

702
1027

704

561
999

682

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
enjoyment

tub

bookmark

bookmark, guidebook

coconut tree

coconut tree

sandalwood

cedar, sandlewood, spindle tree

plotosid

Japanese bead tree

zelkova

Zelkova tree

cryptomeria
copious

Japanese cedar, cryptomeria


refined and gentle

refined, gentle

bucket

tub, bucket

ellipse

ellipse

star-anise

tree whose branches are placed on Buddhist graves

furball

burr, ball

twinkle

shine

watchfire

burn, bonfire

torch

torch, signal fire

kindle

burn, kindle, build a fire, boil, cook

moxa

moxa cautery, chastisement

candlelight

light, candlepower

fanning

fan, flap, instigate, agitate, bolster up, gulp down

soot

soot, smoke dried

firing

refine metals, kneading over fire

dazzling

brilliant

refulgent

miraculous

branding

burn

flames

flame, blaze

fuse metal

fuse, melt

roast

broil

broil, parch, roast, boil

stew

boil, cook

tug

pull, tug, jerk, admit, install, quote, refer to

female animal

female

male animal
precious stone

male
exquisite

beautiful as a jewel

chime
marine blue

jewel, tinkling of jewelry


lapis lazuli

speckled

lapis lazuli

lapis lazuli

blemish

spot, blemish, speck, patches

lapis lazuli

lapis lazuli

tinker with

tamper with

burnish
hone

polish
polish

coral

ancestral offering receptacle


auspicious omen

silicon

congratulations
jade scepter or tablet (authority symbol)

jet
crystal stone

polish
stagger, loneliness, centimeter

coral reef
fortunate

play with, tamper, trifle with

beautiful black jewel, nine


transparent gem

sparkle of jewelry, crystal

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2567

2301

2568

2494

910

2569

2588

2562

2570

3067

2571

2749

2572

2757

2573

2781

2574

2774

2575

2715

2576

2949

2577

2382

2578

2705

2579

2620

2580

2890

2581

2294

2582

2262

2583

2913

2584

2782

2585

2563

1148

2586

2637

2850

2587

2668

1202

2588

2821

2836

2589

2807

2590

2564

2591

2634

2592

2945

2593

3014

2594

2303

2595

2369

2596

3162

2597

2401

2870

2598

3054

1253

2599

2649

915

2600

2567

2601

2894

2602

2340

1002

684

2603

2325

1031

707

2604

3094

2605

3086

2606

2965

2607

2575

2608

2623

2609

2258

2610

2352

2611

2456

1170

1238

614

794

837
2050

783

1815

1201
822
1242

839

618

2597

1207

1250

815

843
816

1189

805

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
toy
tinkling

trifle with
tinkling of jades

apprehensive

play, take pleasure in, trifle with, make sport of


sound of jewels

fear

fear, majestic, graciously, be apprehensive

lastly

the end, finish

paddy-field ridge

rice paddy ridge, furrow, rib

itch

itchy

phlegm

sputum, phlegm

measles

measles, sickness

hemorrhoids

piles, hemorrhoids

cancer

cancer, cancerous evil

lose weight

get thin

get thin

scar

mark

mark, foot print

paralysis
apple of the eye

palsy, become numb, paralysed


eye

pupil of the eye

dizzy

faint, dizzy

obvious

clear

clear

eyebrow

eyebrow

eyebrow

pheasant
carpenters square

pheasant
rule

crag

rock, crag, cliff, wall (in a mine)

grapnel
blue-green

ruler, carpenter's square

anchor, grapnel
deep blue

blue, green

inkstone

inkstone

grindstone

whetstone, grindstone

teacup

porcelain bowl, tea cup

obstacle

obstacle

illustrious
rocky beach

large, great, eminent


rocky beach

seashore, beach

whetstone

whetstone, polish

mill

pestle

fend off

defend, protect, resist, ward off

beseech
ancestral tablet

pray
divine help

local god

help
national or local god, peaceful, great

ancestral shrine

ancestral shrine

salarium

retainers stipend

fief, allowance, pension, grant, happiness

felicitation

propitious omen

happiness

balancing scales

balances, scales, steelyard

millet

millet

bald
bear fruit

become bald, bare, wear out, waste away, little girl employed at a brothel
ripen

crabgrass
bumper crop

harvest, ripen
humble, deccan grass

yielding abundantly

good crops, prosperity, 1028

imperial authority

angle, edge, corner, power, majesty

sparse

rare, phenomenal, dilute (acid)

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2612

3004

2613

2376

2614

2520

2615

2281

2328

2616

2944

2251

2617

3068

2618

3163

2619

2527

2620

3037

2621

2247

2622

2904

2623

2860

2624

2389

2625

3091

2626

2367

2627

2413

2628

2700

2629

2329

2630

2642

2631

2797

2632

2652

2633

2570

2634

2245

2635

2254

2636

2617

2637

2410

2638

2868

2639

3164

2640

3092

2641

2420

2642

2847

2643

2663

2644

2272

2645

2270

2646

2711

2647

2722

2648

2246

2649

2260

2650

2604

2651

3100

2652

2437

2653

2986

2654

2903

2655

2874

2656

2521

2837
825

1208

1140

817

777

1709

2708

2710

2902
932

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
obeisant

respectful, mild, beautiful

peep

lie in wait, spy on, reconnoiter

tight

narrow, fold, furl, shrug, pucker, shut, close

cavern

cavern

cavern

drill

put on (to the feet), dig, pierce, drill

kitchen stove

kitchen stove, furnace, oven, hearth

longness

length, height, warp

rustling

suddenly, smoothly

outpost
repose

stop, halt
pacify

peaceful

concubine

mistress

lapel
hem

concubine
neck, collar, lapel

cuff

cuff, hem, foot of mountain

lined kimono

lined (kimono)

pleated skirt

men's formal divided skirt

sliding door

opaque sliding door

Chinese panpipe

a reed instrument

raft

raft

bamboo blinds

bamboo screen, rattan blind

rattan box

bamboo rice basket

pole

pole, rod, scale beam, violin neck

spatula

spatula, arrow shaft

foil

foil, gilt

wardrobe

lunch box, clothes chest

arrow shaft

arrow

ancient harp

an ancient musical instrument

cage

seclude oneself, cage, coop, implied

slender bamboo
chopsticks

also N3428, bamboo grass


chopsticks

chopsticks

redaction

editing, compiling

bamboo cane

bamboo

winnowing fan

winnowing

backpack

backpack bookcase

livraison

volume, chapter, book, editing, compilation

should

notch of an arrow, ought, must, should be, expected

winnow

winnow, fan

settlings

scrap, waste

lees

dregs, sediment, grounds

paste

paste, glue, sizing

unhulled rice

unhulled rice, (kokuji)

rice bran

rice bran

excrement

shit, feces, excrement

foxtail millet

millet

link up

tie, fasten, chain, tether, connect

twine

thread, silk cloth

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2657

2851

2658

2259

2659

2718

1369

925

2660

2825

1380

937

2661

2455

2662

2614

1298

2663

3010

1432

2664

2581

1347

2665

2917

2666

2777

2667

2541

1371

927

2668

2355

1376

933

2669

2292

1330

897

2670

2669

2671

3123

2672

2326

2673

2853

2674

2592

2675

2293

2676

2823

1419

2677

2339

1384

2678

3069

2679

2916

2680

2467

2681

2381

2682

2416

2683

2950

2684

3030

2685

3118

2686

2257

2687

2284

2688

2943

2689

2374

2690

3165

2691

2919

2692

2810

2693

2752

2694

2288

2695

3121

2696

3166

2697

2368

2698

2956

2699

2845

2700

2691

875

911

896

1301

1283

878

938

862

1654

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
carpet yarn

wool cloth

ties
scarlet

bonds, fetters
scarlet

scarlet, cardinal

synthesis

rule

string
chinstrap

string, cord, braid, lace, tape, strap, ribbon


wide-ranging

large

summarize
gorgeous

wear, wrap, tie, follow around, collect


gorgeous

kimono design

embroidery

sew, figured cloth

pongee

pongee (a knotted silk cloth)

ornate
damask

figured cloth, beautiful


twill

catgut
come apart at the
seams
stripe

design, figured cloth, twill


string, cord, samisen music
rip

stripe

gimp
gossamer

ribbon
gauze

gauze, gossamer

rudder

rudder, helm, wheel

gunwale

gunwale

strung together
attentive

gunwale
party, gang, clique

sharp-witted

wise, fast learner

summons

invite

addiction
exclamation

be rent, ripped, unravel, run, begin to open, smile

addicted, absorbed in
interrogative particle

question mark

flea

flea

crab

crab

protein

barbarian, egg

hibernation

hibernation of insects

housefly

fly

ant
bee

ant
bee

bee, wasp, hornet

wax

wax

shrimp

shrimp, prawn, lobster

octopus

octopus

screw

a small, edible, helical fresh-water mollusk

cicada

cicada

frog

frog

moth

moth

clam

clam

leech

leech

oyster

oyster

ruled lines
insult
stole

ruled line
insult

abuse, insult
a coarse camlet

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2701

2453

1762

2702

2697

3302

2703

2696

3301

2704

2695

3294

2705

2579

1020

2706

3070

1056

2707

2979

2708

2710

2709

3095

2710

2746

2711

2421

2712

2786

1578

2713

2438

1452

2714

2531

1469

2715

2543

2716

2311

2717

2576

2718

2594

2719

2418

1571

2720

2776

1631

2721

3167

2722

3071

2723

3023

2724

2719

1572

2725

2414

1595

2726

2508

2727

2761

1499

2728

2625

2903

2729

2972

2730

2681

2731

2703

2732

2590

1606

2733

3002

1556

2734

2859

2735

2660

2736

2877

2737

3124

2738

2743

2739

2511

2740

3034

2741

2312

2742

2362

2743

2548

2744

2366

2745

2552

1575

1559

1510

1635

2071

1059

1055

1046

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
monks sash
accept humbly

Buddhist surplice
receive humbly

be crowned with

be crowned with, live under (a ruler), receive

incision
I wonder

cut off, sever


exclamatory particle

how, what, alas, "?" (question mark)

counsel

consult with

polite

tedious

vendetta

enemy, revenge

remonstrate

admonish, dissuade

riddle
verify

riddle

riddle, puzzle, enigma, hint, tip

understand

fact, reality, understand, appreciate

compliment
who?

praise, title on a picture


who

who (question word)

query

who?

who, someone, somebody


request, question, investigate

split up

separation, part, secret

visit a shrine

visit a temple

visit a temple

give up

abandon

abandon, give up

elucidate

discussion

discussion, methods called for, selection, result

prevarication

deceive, delude

familiarity

friendship, intimacy

fallible

mistake

beg pardon

apologize

advise

consult

proverb

proverb

slander

ridicule, slander

so-called

reason, origin, history, oral tradition

secret agent

spy out, reconnoiter

footnote

notes, comment, annotate

parable

illustrate

rumble
reinforce

roar, thunder, boom resound


assist

help

spoke

spoke (wheel)

assemble
countenance

gather, collect, compile


appearance

panther

leopard, panther

despicable
affix

despise, low-life, poverty


paste

get
graft

form, appearance, countenance

stick, paste, apply


get, have, obtain

bribe

bribe

bustling

flourish, be bustling, prosperity

stumble

stumble

hoof
kick

hoof
kick

kick

vestiges

remains, traces, footprint

straddle

be, sit or stand astride, extend over, straddle

kneel

kneel

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2746

2324

2747

2840

2748

2901

2749

2607

2750

2698

2751

2675

2752

2395

2753

2361

2754

2812

2755

2645

2756

2428

2757

3168

2758

2252

2759

2388

2760

2785

2761

2327

2762

2307

2763

3102

2764

2957

2765

2275

2766

2707

2767

3169

2768

2285

2769

2387

2770

2644

2771

2248

2772

2883

2773

3170

2774

2985

2775

2977

2776

2666

2777

2714

3332

2778

3171

2760

2779

2375

2814

2780

2834

1750

2781

2803

2782

2290

2783

2448

2784

2626

2785

3097

2786

2489

2787

2360

2788

2611

2789

2693

1843

2790

2999

1612

1068

1752

1753

1667

1731

1800

1173

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
soy sauce

a kind of miso

whey

whey, good Buddhist teaching

hooch

sake

sake

ghee

boiled butter

awakening

be disillusioned

awake, be disillusioned, sober up

strong sake

pure sake', purity, affection

noodles

noodles

noodles, wheat flour

malt

malt, yeast

button

button

keg

sake bottle

plow
pot

spade up, plow


pot

pot

pot, pan, kettle

arrowhead

arrowhead

hand saw

saw (cuts wood)

awl
key

auger, drill, awl, pyramid, cone


key

key

key

hoe

hoe with long blade at acute angle

rivet

rivet, tack, thumbtack, (kokuji)

tin

copper, tin

anchor

anchor, grapnel

nail

nail, tack, peg

javelin

spear, javelin, (kokuji)

swords point

dagger, sword's point, festival car, float

hammer

hammer, mallet

carillion

bell, gong, chimes

rust

rust

tarnish

cluster

spindle, gather, collect

scissors

scissors

flash

flash, brandish

agony

be in agony, worry

side gate

small side gate

pitch dark

darkness

trickle
haze

pitch-black darkness

get dark, gloom, disorder


drop, trickle, dripping

mist

be hazy, grow dim, blurred

quill

letter, writing brush

auspices

go around, rule, administer

saddle

saddle

whip

whip, rod

saddle straps

sheath, case, margin, difference, shells (of beans)

briefcase

suitcase, bag, briefcase

pliable

soft, pliable, quiver

terminate
immediate

ball
suddenly

suddenly, immediately, in a hurry

overturn

overturn, summit, origin

brush tip

heads of grain, cleverness

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2791

2422

144

2792

2266

2793

2721

2794

2819

2795

2475

2796

2523

2797

2811

2798

3012

2799

2332

2906

2800

2838

1796

2801

3090

2802

2514

2803

2690

2804

2998

2805

2772

2806

2269

1841

2807

2809

1820

2808

2886

2809

3072

2810

3073

2811

2346

2812

2767

2813

3099

2814

2540

2815

2750

2816

3133

2817

2880

2818

3115

2819

3132

2820

3182

2821

3129

2822

3127

2823

3172

2824

2476

2825

3134

2826

3173

2827

3075

2828

2713

2829

2277

2830

3076

2831

2817

2832

3174

2833

2297

2834

2363

2835

3077

1045

715

1829

1881

1876

1213

1209

752

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
about that time

time, about

cheek

times

time, about, toward

cheek

cheek

exceedingly
accolade

prejudiced, exceedingly
eulogize

chin

eulogy
jaw

neck and throat

jaw, chin, gill


neck, head

feed

bait

food, bait, prey, tempting profit

repast

eat, drink, swallow

feast

banquet

eclipse

eclipse, occultation, be defective

sweets

rice jelly, candy

mochi

mochi rice cake

mochi rice cake

stretcher

vehicle, palanquin, litter, hitch up an animal

piebald

dappled grey horse

rush

run, gallop, sail, drive (a wagon), win (fame), despatch

cheat

deceive

tame

get used to, experienced, tamed

rebuttal

refutation, contradiction

gallop

run, gallop, advance

donkey

donkey

eel
sea bream

eel
tai

sea bream, red snapper

sardine

sardine, (kokuji)

trout

salmon trout

salmon

salmon

tuna
sweet smelt

tuna
ayu

freshwater trout, smelt

horse mackerel

horse mackerel

cod

codfish, (kokuji)

mackerel

mackerel

shark

shark

bonito

bonito

bullhead

bullhead

alligator

alligator, crocodile

crucian

carp

sushi

sushi, seasoned rice

fish fin

fin

seagull

seagull

roc

phoenix

parakeet

parrot, parakeet

parrot

cockatoo

cormorant

cormorant

heron

heron

eagle

eagle

wild duck

wild duck, easy mark

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2836

3074

2837

3044

2838

2958

2839

2371

2840

2664

2841

2470

2842

2471

2843

2472

2844

2356

2845

2357

2846

2572

2847

2573

2848

2479

2849

2480

2850

2891

2851

2893

2810

1798

2852

2686

2340

1516

2853

2449

2392

2854

3078

2855

2857

2856

2936

2857

2865

2858

3079

2859

2796

2860

3027

2861

2359

2862

2897

2863

3050

2864

2278

2865

2963

3585

2866

2991

2125

2867

2251

2868

3139

2869

2983

2870

2780

2871

2655

2872

2392

2873

2622

2874

2769

2875

3175

2876

3080

2089

2877

2483

1649

2878

2858

2469

2879

2426

2756

3547

890
3257

1770

2228

1869

1726

2705

1738
1678

2220

1412

1766

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
kite falcon

black kite, fireman, hook

owl

owl, expose

dust

dust, trash, garbage

foot of a mountain

foot of a mountain

foot of a mountain

giraffe

Chinese unicorn, genius, giraffe, bright, shining

hades

dark

dark

close the eyes

sleep, dark, close eyes

murky

dark

sitting in meditation

sit

sprain

sprain

crush, break, sprain, discourage

first day of the month

conjunction (astronomy), first day of month

go upstream

go upstream

go upstream, retrace the past

drag

pull, tug, jerk, admit, install, quote, refer to

dribble out

leak, escape

comet

comet

astute

intelligent

wise

applaud

happy

applaud, praise, esteem

evil

wickedness

helmet

helmet, head piece

bracing

refreshing

refreshing, bracing, resonant, sweet, clear

depressed

gloom, depression, melancholy

kalpa

threat, long ages

erection

rise

suddenness, rise

bemoan

grief, lamentation

palanquin

palanquin, bier

southeast

southeast

warped
jade green

distort
jade green

warp, bend, strained, distort


green

blue-black

blackened eyebrows

tripod

three legged kettle

rocksalt

salt

lye

saltiness

reserved

respect

swallow

swallow (bird)
once, before, formerly, ever, never, ex-, lick, lap up, burn up, taste, undergo,
underrate, despise
almost, quite, really

lick
almost
start

mencius

chief, beginning

mahjong tiles

label, signboard, medal, mahjong tiles

remains

dead remains

bone, body, corpse

peek

peep, peek, come in sight

mottled

spotted, mottled, patterned, small tiger

Manchu dynasty

Manchu dynasty, name given to naturalized foreigners

sparrow

sparrow, mahjong

sparrow

peregrine falcon

falcon

falcon

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2880

2728

962

2881

2990

2882

2961

2883

2881

2884

3081

2885

2732

1226

2886

2791

3089

2887

2304

2888

2854

852

569

2889

2899

1866

1205

2890

3016

2891

2849

2892

3003

2989

1899

2893

3005

2799

1791

2894

3116

3184

2034

2895

2882

2621

2896

3013

2897

2717

2898

2887

2899

2302

2900

2837

2901

2911

2902

2658

1143

2903

2827

2176

2904

2937

2905

2932

2906

2938

2907

3000

2908

2412

1557

2909

2974

1440

2910

2699

2911

2274

2912

2632

2913

2763

2914

2971

2915

2440

2916

3176

2917

3082

2918

2684

3119

2919

2394

2541

1612

2920

2907

2071

1313

2921

2989

17

2922

2836

1179

2923

2557

2141

2924

3026

2776

854

1910

829

1776

571

1223

3386
1607
2578
1705

2095

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
shimmering

shine, sparkle, gleam, twinkle

ebisu

barbarian, savage, Ainu

relatives

grieve

grieve

cyst

pouch, purse, bag

domburi
carefree

bowl of food
fluent

beef bowl

bowl, bowl of food


stretch

circling

round, game, revolve, go around, circumference

capital suburbs

capital

capital, suburbs of capital

elation

joyful

take pleasure in, rejoice

stalwart

resolute

strong

this

this, thus, such, verbal pause

wooden spoon

spoon

set straight

rectify

correct, save, assist

founding

originate

beginning

Utamaro

classical male name suffix

I, you, (kokuji)

conglomerate

plexus, clump of bushes, thicket

entreat

accompaniment for drinks

symmetrically patterned phonetic (i)

beautiful, patterned

magistrate

you, lord, secretary, state minister

fiddle with

take pleasure in, play instrument

within

at, in, on, as for

hackneyed

hackneyed

rebellion

disobey, defy, go back on, rebel, rebellion

sharp point

be pointed, sharp, taper, displeased, angry, edgy

crock

jar, pot, hinge knuckle, one's aim

sapience

intelligence, imperial

chieftain

chieftain

nightingale

nightingale, bush warbler

incandescent

suddenly

supinate

bend down, bow, lie prostrate

nephew

nephew

gourd

gourd

biwa

glissando on strings, lute

lute

lute

forked

fork in road, crotch

rose of Sharon

type of morning glory, rose of sharon, althea

dry field

field, farm, garden, (kokuji)

fist

fist

vegetable patch

fist
garden, field

helping hand

aide

help

translucent

lucid

clear, help

blood relative

progeny

descendent, issue, offspring

transcription

estrangement, sparseness, neglect

ointment

fat, grease, lard, paste, ointment, plaster

pioneer

charging ahead of others

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2925

2431

2879

1841

2926

2507

1025

2927

2321

2928

2481

2929

2462

2930

3040

2931

2677

2932

2748

2933

3048

1357

918

2934

2702

1180

800

2935

3083

2936

2867

3308

2937

3029

3377

2938

3033

2939

3038

2804

2940

2701

3315

2941

2618

2306

2942

3177

2943

2515

2944

2650

2945

3178

2946

3101

2947

3108

2948

3179

2949

2612

2950

2601

2951

2599

2952

3180

2953

3181

2954

2544

2955

2593

2956

2976

2957

2896

2958

2415

2959

2688

2960

2997

2961

2889

2962

2689

2963

2720

2964

3190

2965

3112

2966

3199

2967

3195

2968

3194

2969

2725

2628

1693

1112
1438

1799
2080

752

843

47

2497

564

31

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
ambrosial

perfume

fragrant, balmy, favourable

label

label, genealogy, circular

glimpse

glance at

large hill

mound

testicle

testicles

sorceress
empathetic

hill, mound, left village radical (no. 170)

sorcerer, medium, shrine maiden


honest

industry, kindliness

Andromeda

star, god of literature

soar

soar

soar, fly

beaming

bright white

white, clear

tenebrous
bold

dark, black, many


valiant

strong and brave

stop short

stop, halt, previously, already, long ago

thornbush

thorn, splinter, spine, biting words, briers

crowd

assemble

resuscitate

be resuscitated, revived

pruning

clip, snip, cut

upbringing

training, (kokuji)

plentiful

immense, tremendous

snore

snoring

cast a spell

curse, haunt

kilometer

kilometer, (kokuji)

centimeter

centimeter, (kokuji)

millimeter

millimeter (affix), (kokuji)

ton

tonnage, (kokuji)

mile

mile

nautical mile

knot, nautical mile

inch

inch

feet

foot

brahman

Sanskrit, purity, Buddhist

Shakyamuni Buddha

steep

bodhisattva

Buddha

bo tree

kind of grass, sacred tree

babble

mute, dumb

Sanskrit ka
interrogative

(used phonetically)
phonetic (na)

what

what?

moo

pupil (eye), moo (cow sound)

jeweled hairpin

ornamental hairpin

beaded hairpin

string of many pearls

Japanese cypress (old)

Japanese cypress

bridles bit

bit (horse)

abyss (old)
V

abyss, edge, deep pool, the depths


rank

5, 5-man squad, file, line

utensil, thing, ten

ten thousand (old)

ten thousand

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
2970

2726

2971

2341

2972

3191

1083

2973

2602

1196

2974

3188

2975

2683

2976

3187

682

2977

3196

2280

2978

3193

2386

2979

3200

2765

2980

3197

2981

3189

2982

2922

2983

2869

2984

3198

2862

2985

3201

3524

2986

2712

2987

3192

2377

2988

3186

3132

2989

2525

2990

2524

2991

2659

2992

3031

2993

3032

2994

2737

2995

3185

2996

3053

2997

3084

2998

2345

2999

3184

3000

3088

3001

9999

2037

1286

3002

9999

91

69

3003

9999

3004

9999

3005

9999

3006

9999

3007

9999

1801

969

1128

2342

652
1690

2027

3008
3009

553

3010
3011
3012
3013
3014

1547

1739

1109

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
pass through

go, excel

tough

sturdy, brawny, bold

lamp (old)

nonstandard for J825

back (old)

reverse, inside, palm, sole, rear, lining, wrong side

park (alternate)

garden, yard, farm

shop (alternate)

shop, store

island (alternate)

island

summit (alternate)
boulder (old)

peak, summit
crag

rock, crag, boulder

plains (old)

open country, field, wilderness

Bldg. (old)
dragon (old)

mansion, large building, palace


dragon

ancient Chinese dragon!

dragon, imperial

patronage

affection, love, patronage

deafness

deafness, deaf person, deafen

longing (old)

covetousness, greed, passion, desire, craving

span (old)

range, reach, extend, cover

body (old)

body, corpse, tree with rotten core

Point (old)

peak

country (old)

country

shin

leg, shin

formidable

strong

stationary (sic)

paper

paper, label, letter, composition

enshrine

enshrine, worship

exorcism

exorcise

dither

hesitate

longevity (old)

longevity, congratulations

hesitate

hesitate

glossary

same kind

same kind

bean jam

bean-jam dumpling, manjuu

retch

vomit, nauseated

snapping turtle

snapping turtle

go smoothly

go smoothly

undergo, answer (phone), take, get, catch

condone

urge to eat

urge to eat

parasol tree
circumspect

Chinese parasol tree, phoenix tree


revere

respect, revere, long for

cheer

shine

and then

rake

mandate

code (of ethics or rules)

law, commandments, regulations

sniff

smell

smell, sniff, scent

metaphor

metaphor

metaphor

obituary

obituary

obituary

block letters

square character style

square character style, correctness

orderliness

harmony

harmony

weld

tie up

to tie

selfish

selfish

selfish, arbitrary

notes:
source
/links:

old
old
edition edition
Heisig Heisig Kenkyus Kenkyush
ha
a
RTK1 RTK2 NJECD Learner's
3015
3016
3017
3018
3019
3020
3021
3022
3023
3024

642

3025
3026
3027

401

3028

2734

3029
3030

kanji

The table below compares the English names given to kanji by various sources.
Kenkyusha gives the best overall fit. From Wikipedia. This is Kanjidamage. A less
KanjiDic often lists several different meanings, including one taken directly
For RTK each name
But note that duplicate names and
the new joyo kanji list
academic approach. Includes from RTK1. (So the fact that the RTK1 keyword also appears in KanjiDic is
must be unique
multiple names are allowed.
used from the year 2010 mnemonics for readings.
not a confirmation of its correctness.)
Remembering the Kanji
NJECD and Kanji Learner's
Wikipedia
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
1 & 3 by James Heisig
dictionaries by Jack Halpern
RTK1, RTK3
NJECD & Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wiki name
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University
disquieting

dread

fear, be afraid of, dread

hanker

long for

yearn for, aspire to, admire

yank

crush

Latin, kidnap, crush

arrogance

be proud

be proud

trail

remains

remains, clue, footprint

fine

fine (not coarse)

fine (i.e. not coarse)

holed gem

sphere

sphere, ball

clasp

seriousness

gift, seriousness

covet

covet

covet, indulge in

shudder

fear

fear

bitter

bitter

bitter

carbuncle

boil (medical)

boil, carbuncle

suckle

suckle

nurse, suckle

basket

basket, devote oneself, seclude oneself, cage, coop, implied

humiliate

feel ashamed

feel ashamed

gloom

gloom

gloom, depression, melancholy

basket

basket

NOTES
1 RTK numbers are from the old editions (pre- 6th Ed.) and go up to 3007. I added
3008 to 3030 so as to include all the new joyo kanji which were added in 2010.
Some of the links in Sheet 1 stopped working for some
reason, so here they are again below:
NJECD and Kanji Learner's dictionaries
Wikipedia Joyo Kanji list
KanjiDamage
KanjiDic by Jim Breen / Monash University