You are on page 1of 28

# CS0213 DATA STRUCTURES AND ALGORITHM LAB

## USING C & C++

LABORATORY MANUAL

II - CSE
III - SEMESTER

## SCHOOL OF COMPUTER SCIENCE & ENGINEERING

SRM UNIVERSITY,
SRM NAGAR, KATTANKULATHUR-603203.
KANCHEEPURAM DISTRICT.

## SCHOOL OF COMPUTER SCIENCE & ENGINEERING

SRM UNIVERSITY,
SRM NAGAR, KATTANKULATHUR-603203.
SUBJECT : DATA STRUCTURES AND ALGORITHM SUBJECT CODE : CS0213
SEMESTER : III

CLASS

: II CSE

EX. NO

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

PAGE NO

LINEAR SEARCH

BINARY SEARCH

SELECTION SORT

BUBBLE SORT

INSERTION SORT

11

MERGE SORT

13

QUICK SORT

15

STACKS

17

QUEUES

19

## MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM

21

KNAPSACK PROBLEM

23

25

LINEAR SEARCH

AIM:
To find a given target number using linear search from the list of numbers.

ALGORITHM:
Step 1: Initialize the integer variables
Step 2: Get the target number from user
Step 3: Get the list of numbers to be searched
Step 4: If the counter is equal to target the print the location
Step 5: If it is not equal to then print that the location is not found

INPUT:
Enter the number to be found: 25
Enter the number of elements in the list: 5
Enter the elements: 12 22 37 25 61

OUTPUT:
The number is found in location: 4

RESULT:
The target number is found using linear search successfully
4

BINARY SEARCH

AIM:
To find a given target number using Binary Search from the list of number.

ALGORITHM:
Step 1: Initialize the integer variables
Step 2: Get the values from the list
Step 3: Sorted List of numbers is got as input.
Step 4: Get the target number from the user.
Step 5: Initialize first value as zero and last as n-1;
Step 6: The mid value is found.
Step 7: If the target is greater than mid then first is mid + 1 if not last is mid -1.
Step 8: First is last +1
Step 9: The target is found, if its equal to a(mid) otherwise target is not
found.

INPUT:
Enter the number of elements in the list: 5
Enter the sorted list: 11 22 33 44 55
Enter the target: 33

OUTPUT:
The target is found in location: 3

RESULT:
The target number is found using Binary Search successfully

SELECTION SORT

AIM:
To sort the given data using selection sort.

ALGORITHM:
Step 1: Initialize the integer variables.
Step 2: Get the total number of values from the user.
Step 3: Get the numbers to be sorted.
Step 4: Initialize i to current
Step 5: If current is less than j ,then initialize j to current.
Step 6: Assign j to temp, current to i and temp to current for swapping
Step 7: print the sorted data

INPUT
Enter the number of elements: 5
Enter the Numbers to be sorted: 31 21 77 62 45

OUTPUT
Sorted Data: 21 31 45 62 77

RESULT:
The given data is sorted and printed using selection sort.
8

BUBBLE SORT

AIM:
To sort the given data using Bubble sort.

ALGORITHM:
Step 1: Initialize the variables i,j,n, and temp.
Step 2: Get the number of elements.
Step 3: Get the numbers to be sorted.
Step 4; Assign a[i] to temp
Step 5: Assign a[i+1] to a[i]
Step 6: Assign Temp to a[i+1]
Step 7: The data is sorted.

INPUT
Enter the number of elements: 6
Enter the numbers to be sorted: 22 66 11 99 33 77

OUTPUT
Sorted Data: 11 22 33 66 77 99

RESULT:
The given data is sorted and printed using Bubble sort.
10

INSERTION SORT

AIM:
To sort the given data using Insertion sort.

ALGORITHM:
Step 1: Initialize the variables i,j,n, curr and temp.
Step 2: Get the number of elements.
Step 3: Get the numbers to be sorted.
Step 4: If the second element is less than the first element then assign it to
temp.
Step 5: Assign the first element to second element.
Step 6: Assign Temp to first element.
Step 7: The swapping is done
Step 8: The data is sorted.

11

INPUT
Enter the number of entries: 5
Enter the list of no to be sorted: 25 15 35 05 45

OUTPUT
The sorted list: 05 15 25 35 45

RESULT:
The given data is sorted and printed using Insertion Sort.

12

MERGE SORT

AIM:
To sort the given data using Merge sort.

ALGORITHM:
Step 1: Initialize the variables i,j,n,h,k,low,high.
Step 2: Get the number of elements.
Step 3: Get the numbers to be sorted.
Step 4: If low is less than high then find the mid value.
Step 5: Initialize h and i to low.
Step 6: Initialize a[h] to b[i] else a[j] to b[i].
Step 7: If h is greater than mid then a[k] == b[i] else b[k] == a[k]
Step 8 The data is sorted and printed.

13

INPUT
Enter the number of elements: 7
The elements: 22 66 11 44 99 33 77

OUTPUT
Sorted Data: 11 22 33 44 66 77 99

RESULT:
The given data is sorted and printed using Merge Sort.
14

QUICK SORT

AIM:
To sort the given data using Quick Sort.

ALGORITHM:
Step 1: Initialize the variables i,j,n,r,p,q.
Step 2: Get the number of elements.
Step 3: Get the numbers to be sorted.
Step 4: If p is less than q then the function is called.
Step 5: If i is less than j, then interchange them.
Step 6: If I is less than pivort interchange them.
Step 7: The data is sorted and printed.

15

INPUT
Enter the number of elements: 5
Enter the unsorted list: 39 62 57 41 21

OUTPUT
The sorted list is: 21 41 39 57 62

RESULT:
The given data is sorted and printed using Quick Sort.
16

STACKS

AIM:
To perform all stacks operation.

ALGORITHM:
Step 1: Initialize the integer variables.
Step 2: In a switch case, in case 1 the number to be pushed is got
Step 3:Top is now equal to top+1
Step 4: Else the stack is full
Step 5: In case 2 the number to be deleted is got
Step 6: Top is now equal to top-1
Step 7: Else the stack is empty
Step 8: In case 3 if the top is less than 0 the stack is full
Step 9: Else the stack is printed
Step 10: Default is no such choice

INPUT / OUTPUT

## Enter the operation to be performed: 1) push 2) pop 3) display 4) exit

17

1
Enter the number to be Added: 11
Enter the operation to be performed: 1) push 2) pop 3) display 4) exit
1
Enter the number to be Added: 22
Enter the operation to be performed: 1) push 2) pop 3) display 4) exit
1
Enter the number to be Added: 33
Enter the operation to be performed: 1) push 2) pop 3) display 4) exit
1
Enter the number to be Added: 44
Enter the operation to be performed: 1) push 2) pop 3) display 4) exit
2
Enter the number to be Added: 44
Enter the operation to be performed: 1) push 2) pop 3) display 4) exit
3
The stack is 11 22 33
Enter the operation to be performed: 1) push 2) pop 3) display 4) exit
4

RESULT:
All the stack operations are performed using the switch case

18

QUEUES

AIM:
To perform all the queue operations

ALGORITHM:
Step 1:Initialize the integer variables
Step 2:In a switch case in case 1 get the number to be added in the queue
Step 3: Else the queue is full
Step 4: In case 2 get the number to be deleted from the queue
Step 5: Else the queue is full
Step 6: If tail and head are less than 0 then in case 3 the queue is full
Step 7: Else the queue is printed
Step 8: The default case is no such choice

19

INPUT / OUTPUT:
Enter the operation to be performed: 1)Enqueue 2)Dequeue 3)Display 4)Exit
1
Enter the number to be added 11
Enter the operation to be performed: 1)Enqueue 2)Dequeue 3)Display 4)Exit
1
Enter the number to be added 22
Enter the operation to be performed: 1)Enqueue 2)Dequeue 3)Display 4)Exit
1
Enter the number to be added 33
Enter the operation to be performed: 1)Enqueue 2)Dequeue 3)Display 4)Exit
1
Enter the number to be added 44
Enter the operation to be performed: 1)Enqueue 2)Dequeue 3)Display 4)Exit
2
The number to be deleted is 11
Enter the operation to be performed: 1)Enqueue 2)Dequeue 3)Display 4)Exit
3
The queue is 22 33 44

RESULT:
All the queue operations are performed
20

## MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM

AIM:
To find the maximum and minimum value in a given list of numbers

ALGORITHM:
Step 1:Initialise the variables in the main function
Step 2: Get the total number of items
Step 3: Get the numbers from the user
Step 4: The function is called.
If there is only one element then the max and min is the same element
Step 5: If there is two element then check if a[x] is less than a[y] then a[x] is
min and a[y] is max
Step 6: If there is more number of items mid value is found
Step 7: Now max is assigned to t1 and min to t2
Step 8: If the max is less than t1 the max is t1,if min is greater than t2 the
min t2
Step 9: The min and max values are found and printed

21

INPUT
Enter the no of numbers: 6
Enter the numbers: 33 59 11 67 92 05

OUTPUT
Maximum Number = 92
Minimum Number = 05

RESULT:
The maximum and minimum number is found and printed.

22

KNAPSACK PROBLEM

AIM:
To find the maximum profit from the items in the bag.

ALGORITHM:
Step 1: Initialize the variables, profit, weight, p/w and maxprofit.
Step 2: Get the number of elements.
Step 3: Get the capacity of the bag.
Step 4: Get the profit of items in the bag.
Step 5: Get the weight of each item in the bag.
Step 7: Assign pw[j] to t1, p[j] to t2 and w[j] to t3.
Step 8: If w[i] > capacity then find the ratio of capacity to weight of each item.
Step 9: Else subtract the weight of the item from the total capacity.
Step 10: Solution vector is found and printed.
Step 11: The maximum profit is found and printed.

23

INPUT/OUTPUT:

## Enter the number of elements:

4
Enter the capacity:
4
Enter the profit:
5
9
4
8
Enter the weight:
1
3
2
2
Enter the p/w ratio:
5
3
2
4
Solution vector:
13
15
16
Profit: 16

RESULT:
The maximum profit is found and printed on the screen.
24

AIM:
To perform all the singly linked list operations

ALGORITHM:
Step 1: Declare the functions to create,display,count.
Step 2: Declare the variables in the main function.
Step 3: In a switch case get each functions number.
Step 4: To append the list create the memory by using malloc function.
Step 5: Assign a variable temp using pointers.
Step 6: To delete a node create a dummy variable.
Step 7: Check if the list is empty otherwise display the list using for
statement.
Step 8: To insert a node in middle, allocate memory using malloc function

25

INPUT / OUTPUT:
1. Create or Append List
2. Insert in Beginning
3. Insert in Middle
4. Remove from the List
5. Count
6. Display
7. Quit
Enter any number: 12
Enter more(y/n): y
Enter any number: 13
Enter more(y/n): n
1. Create or Append List
2. Insert in Beginning
3. Insert in Middle
4. Remove from the List
5. Count
6. Display
7. Quit
Enter the Data to be inserted at Beginning: 11
1. Create or Append List
2. Insert in Beginning
3. Insert in Middle
4. Remove from the List
5. Count
6. Display
7. Quit
26

Enter the Position to be Inserted: 2
Enter the Data: 14
1. Create or Append List
2. Insert in Beginning
3. Insert in Middle
4. Remove from the List
5. Count
6. Display
7. Quit
Enter the Data to be Deleted: 12
1. Create or Append List
2. Insert in Beginning
3. Insert in Middle
4. Remove from the List
5. Count
6. Display
7. Quit
The Number of Nodes: 3

27

1. Create or Append List
2. Insert in Beginning
3. Insert in Middle
4. Remove from the List
5. Count
6. Display
7. Quit