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3/25/2012

OSCILLATED BAFFLE COLUMN (OBC)


APPLICATION IN ENHANCEMENT THE SEPARATION
OF UNDERFLOW CRUDE PALM OIL FROM NON OILY
SOLIDS(NOS ) IN PALM OIL MILL PROCESS.
(MULTIPHASE SYSTEM)
PhD Proposal....

PhD Proposal Presentation


By
Azrin Abdul Rahman
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INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND STUDY


The Oscillatory Baffled Column (OBC) is a
relatively new type of mixing device for
chemical/biochemical reactions under
development in recent decades.
 It is generally understood to be a cylindrical tube
or column containing periodically spaced orifice
baffles in which a liquid or multiphase fluid is
oscillated axially by means of diaphragms,
bellows or pistons at one or both ends of the tube


more uniform mixing and particle


suspension than traditional reactors

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 Offers

INTRO

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Intro

b) Oscillating the baffles at the top

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a) Oscillating the fluid at the base

PRINCIPAL OF ENGINEERING AND


SCIENCE

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Vortex formation and mixing


Flow pattern with various turbulence
models

IMPORTANT EQUATION N TO BE USED


IN MODELING
Navier Stoke Equation ( Momentum, Energy and
Mass)

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Reynolds No
(Oscillatory)

Strouthal No:
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CASE STUDY (PALM

OIL MILL)

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ISSUES IN CLARIFYING TANK




Crude oil from press contains:


Hot water (ratio 1: 1)
Oil(CPO)
 Non Oily Solids



Oil Collection divided into :




Overflow( adjustable skimmer)


Under flow( through mechanical separation)

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NOS still contains oil and separation of crude oil


from NOS for underflow takes 3-4 hours ( batch
mode observation)
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STRATEGY
The primary idea of this is to study the potential of
using OBC in underflow crude palm oil recovery from
NOS and develop CFD model in simulate the dynamics
of multiphase system in.
 To ensure momentum , mass and energy transfer in
maximum condition.
 To find suitable fluid flow model (laminar / turbulence):


Large Eddy Simulation(LES)


K-
 Reynolds Stress Models
 Direct Numerical Simulations

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OBJECTIVES
Characterize oscillated flow of crude palm oil
multiphase system OBC using CFD software
 Characterize oscillated flow of crude palm oil
multiphase system in OBC using ERT and DPIV
visualization tools
 Affirmation of technique, method and system
used model with both CFD a ERT and DPIV
based on factors such as percent of oil recovery,
recovery durations, percentage of NOS in slurry,
temperature of hot water, ratio of hot water to
crude oil, particles size average of solids in
sludge


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APPROACHES WILL BE CONSIDERED IN


MEETING THE OBJECTIVES AS BELOW
Three geometrical --- tube diameter (D), baffle
diameter (Do) and baffle spacing (L)
 Three operational --- oscillation frequency (f),
oscillation amplitude (xo) and fluid velocity (u)
 Two physical --- fluid viscosity () and fluid
density ()


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METHODOLOGY
1.

2.

3.

5.

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4.

Selection of flow regime( Laminar or


Turbulence ) and with selected or various
parameters as stated in the approaches.
Selection of oscillation amplitude, frequency
time lapse and slurry flow rate
Run CFD for 2D and 3D for each case /
blocks
Run ERT and DPIV to verify model as
methodology no 3
Wet analysis to investigate the recovery of
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crude oil and etc

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OUTCOMES
The intended outcomes of the research will be
Become pioneer multi phase model OBC mixing in
Malaysia using CPO as system model
 Understanding in depth about multi phase physical mixing
phenomenon( mathematical and physics model)
 Improve recovery of CPO from NOS to minimize
percentage of oil losses and higher.
 Optimum parameters involve in multi phase mixing to
help in palm oil mill cost saving ( energy, labour and
facilities) and high throughput of per hour tonnage Fresh
Fruit Bunches


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END OF PRESENTATION
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THANK YOU
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