Answer Key - HOMEWORK # 5 1. nlim /N 1 C 2 C 3 C...

C n = nlim /N n3/2 i= 1
2

>

n

1

i n

1 n

=
0

x dx =

2 3

2. Let u = 3 x, du = 3 dx.
1 4 K x2

f 3 x dx =

1 3

6

f u du =
3

1 24 K12 = 4 3

3. F x =
0

t2 K2 t K3 t2 C4

dt,

F' x =K

2 x K x2 Cx4 C5 6 20 K8 x2 Cx4

by applying FTC 1 together with

the chain rule. The denominator is never 0 so the only critical numbers are : x = 0, 1,K 1, 5 ,K 5 F decreasing on : K 5 ,K , 0, 1 , 1 5 ,N F increasing on : K N,K 5 , K 0 , 1, 5 1, 2 4. Let a, c be the pt. of intersection. We want to find 0 ! a ! such that 3
a 2 Ka 3

c K 2 x K3 x2
0 2

dx =
a 2

2 x K3 x2 Kc dx. This means that 2 C3 a K9 a2 = 9 c 1 6 K3 1 6
2

1 0 2 C3 a K9 a = 9 2 a K3 a . We will get a = . Thus, c = 2 6
1

=

1 4

5. Volume =
0 a

2 $π$x$ x $ x K1 1

2

dx =

1 π 15
a

6. Let I =
0 a

f x C1

dx. Let u = a Kx, du =K Then I = dx.
0 a

1 du. f a Ku C1

I=
0

f u $f a Ku du = f a Ku Cf u $f a Ku
a

0

f u 1 Cf u
a

a

du =
0

f x dx f x C1 a 2

ICI = 2 I =
0

1 f x C1

a

dx C
0

f x dx = f x C1

1 dx. Hence, I =
0

7. The original family of curves is defined by x3 Cy3 = a3. Whence

dy x2 =K 2 . So its orthogonal dx y 2 y dy y2 trajectories have slope of 2 , leading to the differential equation = 2 whose variables are dx x x 1 1 separable. We get K = C ( where C is a parameter ) x y
π 2

8. (a) I =
π 2 0

sin θ sin θ Ccos θ

dθ. With u =
π 2

π Kθ, du =K θ. Hence, d 2
π 2

I=
0 π 2

sin θ sin θ Ccos θ cos θ cos θ Csin θ

dθ =
0

sin π / 2 Ku sin π / 2 Ku Ccos π / 2 Ku
π 2

du =
0

cos u cos u Csin u

du

=
0

dx. ICI =
0

1 dx.

I=

π 4

2 2

(b)
0

1 Kx2 dx.

The integral represents the area of a circular sector plus the area of a triangle. π π whence the sector area is . The triangle's area will be 4 8 π C2 2 = . So the integral's value is 8 8 dx. Let u = 4 C
3

The circular sector has central angle 1 1 bh = 2 2 (c)
4

2 2 cos 2 x
3 2

2 2

3 Csin 2 x 0 u K4 1 2 3 u K4
4 2

3

= 3 Csin 2 x 3 2 u2 K8 u C16
4

4C 0 3 u K4

3 Csin 2 x du = 2 cos 2 x dx. The integral becomes du = du

u u 3 1/4 = u7/4 K8 u3/4 C16 uK du. The final answer is : 2 11 /4 7/4 3/4 3 3 3 3 4 32 64 4 C 3 Csin 2 x K 4 C 3 Csin 2 x C 4 C 3 Csin 2 x CC 2 11 7 3 2x (d) dx. We can rationalize the denominator by multiplying the numerator 3 3 1 K2 x C 1 C2 x and denominator of the integrand by integral becomes: = x 1 K2 x
2/3 3 2 1/3

1 K2 x
3

2

K
2

3 3

1 K2 x

3

1 C2 x C
2

3

1 C2 x

2

. The

x$

3

1 K2 x

K

1 K4 x C

1 C2 x dx

dx

dx K x 1 K4 x2

dx C x 1 C2 x 1 Ku 2 u K1 2
4/3

2/3

First Integral : let u = 1 K2 x, du =K dx, x = 2 Second Integral : let u = 1 K4 x2, du =K x dx 8 Third Integral : let u = 1 C2 x, du = 2 dx, x = 3 32 9. 1 K2 x
8/3

K

3 20

1 K2 x

5/3

C

3 32

1 K4 x2
2

C

3 32
0

1 C2 x
2

8/3

K

3 20

1 C2 x

5/3

CC

Note that for all x, f ' x % f ' x , whence
0 2 2

f ' x dx %

f ' x dx. From FTC 2, we get that

f ' x dx = f 2 Kf 0 = 2. So 2 %
0 0

f ' x dx, and this minimum value is attainable. We can

simply take f x = x

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