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DATACONE | QUIPME NT § IMPACT OF JET APPARATUS | a* APPLICATION : ai , A Jet of fluid emerging from a nozzle posses Kinetic energy on account olf its velocity When the Jet strukes an obstruction, #t exerts upon tt This force ts impact of jet This force 18 caused due to change of momentum of the jet APPARATUS : The apparatus consists of a nozzle, to which weight 1s supphed A upward jet issuing from the nozzle stakes the vane fitted over the nozzle. The flow of water can be controlled by a gate valves. The vane is fitted over a lever Left side of lever is provided with inital balance weight to balance the lever Right side is provided with force measurement weight Two nozzle, viz, inside straight taper and cutved taper’ are provided. Also, five vanes, viz. flat, 30° inclined, 60" inchned 135” angle of deflection & 180° angle of deflection are provided The whole assembly 's housed in am. s box with two sided Perspex ~ PROCEDURE : Fix up the required nozzle, Fix up required vane and balance the lever Now start water supply Adjust the water flow, if required, and allow jet impimg over the vane The lever will be lifted up now slide the force measurement weight and again balance the lever Add up or reduce the weight in the pan, if required. Now , measure the discharge of water, | m weight & its distance from the fulcrum. DATACONE EQUIPMENTS OBSERVATION TABLE : memervy fork Site 2 SOEMKISCm XK h er SS es Sr No | Discharge @ Lit / Min | F M Weight Kg | \ — | | | ————E_——— 5 DATACONE EQUIPMENTS 4. Angle of deflection 180° Actual force F, S Measured with help of Digital Weighing Balance wav -x2 Theoretical force , Fy q because. 0 + 180” - 180° = 0° hence ( 1 + cos 0) =( +) =2 Flat Or 90° Bucket 180° Bucket \ 60° Bucket 135° Bucket DATACONE EQUIPMENTS CALCULATIONS : 1. Flat Vane Actual force Fy Measured with help of Digital Weighing Balance wavy Theoretical Force Fy 9 Where - we Sp Weight of Water =. 1000 kg/m” q = Water Stnking the Vane, m’ /sec V= Velocity of Jet q a a = area of nozzle g = gravitational acceleration Coefficient of impact = 2. Inclined vane Actual force Fy Measured with help of Digital Weighing Balance wav Theoretical force , Sin 0 Q Where, 0 is angle of ( 30° or 60°) Angle of deflection 135° Actual force Fa = Measured with help of Digital Weighing Balance wav Theoretical force , F)= ——-—-—-_ ( 1+ cos @) q 0 = 180° - 135° = 45° u®