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Comprehension

Grammar focus on the form

1 Read the conversations. Complete the


sentences with the right names.

2 Complete the sentences with the missing


words.

1 ______________ is new at school.


2 ______________ thinks his name is stupid.
3 ______________ thinks Henry is boring and
stupid.
4 ______________ is friendly.
5 ______________ wants to hide Henrys bag.

1 Henry ___________ ___________ to a new area.


2 I ___________ never ___________ him before.
3 We ___________ ___________ the best thing for
him today.
4 Hey boys! You ___________ even ___________ to
him yet.
5 Hes still looking for his bag. He ___________
___________ it yet.

MY FRIENDS ARE BULLIES

3 Complete the table with have /has , havent


/hasnt

1 In the school yard


Lara: Hi Fiona? Whos that boy over there. I have
never seen him before.
Fiona: He must be new here.

Present Perfect
Affirmative
I, You, We
They

2 In class
Teacher: Good morning class. We have a new boy
today. His name is Henry and he has just moved to
the area. Id like you all to make him feel happy.

moved
seen

He, She, It
Negative
I, You, We
They

David: What do you think of that new boy?


Pete: He looks like a nerd to me.
Mark: Yeah, hes got a really stupid name.
Lara: Hey! Whats your problem. You havent even
spoken to him yet.

moved
seen

He, She, It
How do we form the Present Perfect Tense?

3 At lunch time, in the school canteen

We use auxiliary verb have or has and the past


participle of the main verb.

David: Hey Henry. We were here first.


Henry: No, you werent.
Pete: New boys go to the back of the queue.
Lara: Whats the matter with you boys? Youre
really cruel.

Contracted forms.
1 I have never seen him before. Ive never seen
him before.
2 We have arrived. Weve arrived.
3 He has left. Hes left.

4 Later that day


David: Hey, Henry has left his bag on the desk. Lets
hide it.
Pete: Brilliant idea.

In negative forms we use havent (have not) or


hasnt (has not)
Past participle regular verbs
verb + -ed / -d (visit visited; move moved)

5 At four oclock
Henry: Ive lost my bag. Its got everything in it.
Pete: Hee, hee. Hes still looking for his bag.
David: What an idiot!
Lara: Thats really stupid!
David: Weve done the best thing for him today.
Look! He hasnt found it yet.
Lara: Ill go and tell him where his bag is.
Pete: Oh will you. See you on your way home.

Past participle irregular verbs


Infinitive
Past Simple
Past Participle
be
was /were
been
do
did
done
find
found
found
leave
left
left
lose
lost
lost
see
saw
seen
speak
spoke
spoken

4 A: ____________________________ (you and


your brother /ever/ try) snowboarding?
B: Yes, _________________.
5 A: ____________________________ (David and
Pete / speak) to their headmaster?
B: No, _________________.

4 Complete the sentences with the verbs in


brackets. Use the present perfect.
Example
I
have

finished

(finish) my project.

1 Susan ____________ _____________ (write) two


letters.
2 School ____________ _____________ (not start)
yet.
3 Tom ____________ _____________ (cook)
dinner.
4 I ____________ _____________ (lose) my keys.
5 We ____________ never _____________ (be) to
Australia.
6 They ____________ just _____________ (arrive)
7 My friends ____________ _____________
(not see) that movie.
8 My friend ____________ _____________
(not see) that movie.

8 Look at the exampe. Ask your partner about


his / her experiences. Use the cues.
Have you ever met a famous person?
Yes, I have.
see a ghost, be bullied, visit an old castle, try to
write a poem, meet a famous person, travel in a
balloon
9 Write three things you have never done, but
you would like to do.
Example:
I have never been to Paris. I would like to see it
one day.

5 Rewrite sentnences 1, 3, 4, 5, 6 using the


contracted forms.
_______________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________

1 _____________________________________.
_____________________________________.
2 _____________________________________.
_____________________________________.
3 _____________________________________.
_____________________________________.

6 Read the sentences and make questions.


1 They have spoken to him.
1
2
1a ________ ________ spoken to him?
2
1
2 John has lost his camera.
________ ________ lost his camera?
3 I have found my bag.
_________ _________ _________ your bag?

Irregular verbs
Infinitive
be
break
bring
buy
come
do
eat
fall
find
give
go
have
hear
leave
lose
make
meet
see
speak
take
tell
win

How do we make questions?

7 Make questions and write short answers.


Example:
A:
Have you ever bullied (you / ever/
bully)anyone?
B: No, I havent .
1 A: ____________________________ (you / be)
there before?
B: Yes, _________________.
2 A: ____________________________ (Lara / do)
her homework?
B: No, _________________.
3 A: ____________________________ (Harry/ find)
his bag?
B: Yes, _________________.

Past Simple
was /were
broke
brought
bought
came
did
ate
fell
found
gave
went
had
heard
left
lost
made
met
saw
spoke
took
told
won

Past Participle
been
broken
brought
bought
come
done
eaten
fallen
found
given
gone
had
heard
left
lost
made
met
seen
spoken
taken
told
won

Grammar focus on the meaning


1. We use the present perfect to talk about
experiences:

Example
They / arrive
They have just arrived

1 I have never been good at maths.


2 Ive been to London twice in my life.
3 Shes written two books.
4 They have never visited their cousins in Australia.
5 Have you ever done something stupid?
6 Have you been there before?
7 We have never eaten caviar.
8 I have seen that movie twenty times.
9 I think I have met him once before.
10 People have travelled to the Moon.
11 People have not traveled to Mars.
12 Have you read the book yet?
13 Nobody has ever climbed that mountain.
14 A: Has there ever been a war in the United
States?
B: Yes, there has been a war in the United
States.

5 Write five sentences about you own


experiences.

We use the present perfect to talk about


something that has just happened,
something tha happened a moment ago.

Write sentences about these peoples


experiences. You will have to add some
words in some sentences (articles,
prepositions, pronouns...)

Example
Peter / travel / Moon
Peter has travelled to the Moon

1 She / have / shower


__________________________________________.
2 They / leave / house
__________________________________________.
3 Jack / find / keys
__________________________________________.
4 The teacher / open / window
__________________________________________.

1 They have just left the room.


2 He has just phoned his teacher.
3 Jason has just finished his lunch.
4 We have just called for help.
5 My parents have just come back from London.

Write sentences about what has just


happened. You will have to add some
words in some sentences (articles,
prepositions, pronouns...)

1 you / ever / climb / mountain


__________________________________________?
2 Susan / meet / Brad Pitt
__________________________________________.
3 I / read / book / two times
__________________________________________.
4 A lot of people / read / Harry Potter books
__________________________________________.
5 I / not speak / teacher
__________________________________________.