Physical World & Measurement

© All Rights Reserved

82 views

Physical World & Measurement

© All Rights Reserved

- 11AU303.pdf
- Physics Medical Entrrance
- Elements of properties of matters.pdf
- Unit Dimensions and Measurement
- The new physics - Albert Cushing Crehore
- 5.5.1 Structure of the Universe (1)
- The Speed of Light and the Big Bang Model of Creation
- Wind Tunnel testing basics
- How Big is That 2
- Lecture Notes 1
- Mathematics for Medical Practitioners Drug Calculation
- Jarosław Artyszuk.pdf
- Matter
- Shadow - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
- Unit Dimensions and Measurement Test
- Aqa ms
- Newton
- Dimensional Analysis and Similarity 2
- The Structures and Dynamic of Tornado-like Vortice
- Space, Time, Mass & Energy

You are on page 1of 9

Ans. Dimension formula for G = [ M 1 L3T 2 ]

Q.

Give physical quantity whose dimensional formula is same as that of gravitational potential.

Ans. Surface potential [ M 0 L2T 2 ] has some dimensions as that of gravitational potential .

Q.

The velocity of water V may depend upon their wavelength , density of water & the

acceleration due to gravity g. Find relation between these quantities using method of

dimensions.

Ans.

V a.

b

gc

V abgc

= Kabgc

........(1)

9878024788

1 1

1 2 c

[ M 0 LT

] = K [ L1 ]a [ M 1 L3 ]b [ LT

]

= K [ La M b L3b LcT 2 c ]

1 1

[ M 0 LT

] = K [ M b La 3b + cT 2 c ]

b =0,

a 3b + c =

1,

2c =1

c=

1/ 2

a 3(0) + (1/ 2) =

1

a =1 (1/ 2)

=

=

a 1/ 2,

b 0,=

c 1/ 2

put in (1)

V = K 1/2 0 g 1/2

Q.

Ans.

V = K g

Given Y = sin (t k x). Find dimensions of & k.

Y A sin(t kx)

=

0 0 0

L T ], kx [ M 0 L0T 0 ]

=

=

t [ M

[ M 0 L0T 0 ]

[ M 0 L0T 0 ]

, k

=

=

[T 1 ]

[ L1 ]

0 0 1

L T ], k [ M 0 L1T 0 ]

=

=

[M

Q.

Give dimensions of a & b. F = a + bx

1 2

a [ M 1 LT

], =

b

=

1 2

F [ M 1 LT

]

=

= [ M 1 L0T 2 ]

1

x

[L ]

Ans.

F= a= bx

Q.

F a x + bt 2

Ans.

F a=

=

x bt 2

bt 2 = F

b

=

a=

1 2

]

F [ M 1 LT

=

= [ M 1 L1/2T 2 ]

1 1/2

[

]

L

x

1 2

F [ M 1 LT

]

1 2 2

]

=

= [ M 1 LT

2

2

t

[T ]

1 4

b = [ M 1 LT

]

PCC -PHYSICS COACHING CENTRE Power Coaching for ENGINEERING AND MEDICAL EXAMS

9878024788

Q.

Ans.

Rate of flow V of a liquid it depends on upon pressure gradient (P/l), radius of the pipe (r) and

coefficient of viscosity () Derive expression for V dimensionally.

V ( p /1) a rate of flow =

[ L3T 1 ]

rb

radius of pipe =

[ L1 ]

[ M 1 L1T 1 ]

V ( P /1) a (r )b )c

= K ( p /1) a (r )b ( )c

..........(1)

a

M 1 L1T 2 1 b 1 1 1 c

[M L T ] = K

[ L ] [M L T ]

L1

a 2 a 2 a

0 3 1

[ M L T ] = K [ M L T ][ Lb ][ M c L cT C ]

0 3

[ M 0 L3T 1 ] = K [ M a + c L2 a +b cT 2 a c ]

Acc.To principal of hom ogeneity

a + c =0

2a + b + c =3.....(*)

2a c =1

(2a + c) = 1

(2a + c) =

1

Subtracting

=

a + c 0 from=

2a + c 1

we get a = 1

from a + c = 0 1 + c = 0 c = 1

from(*) 2(1) + b (1)= 3 b= 4

=

a 1,=

b 4, c = 1

Put in (1)

1

Q.

p (r )

V =K

l

Convert of power of one mega watt on a system whose fundamental units are 10kg , 1 dm & 1

minute.

4

Ans.

P = 1 MW

6W 106 J

=

Givensystem =

P 10

Re quired systen

s

6.

=

n 10

=

P [ M 1L2T 3 ] =

n

?

1

2

M =

1Kg

a=

1, b =

2, c =

3

M =

10kg .

1

2

L 1=

M

L 1dm

1

2

=

=

= 60 s

T 1sec.

T 1min

1

2

a

b

c

M

L

T

1

1

n =n 1

2 1M

L

2

T2

2

PCC -PHYSICS COACHING CENTRE Power Coaching for ENGINEERING AND MEDICAL EXAMS

3/3498, Nai Abadi, Badi Pauri, Near Happy Book Centre,Abohar

9878024788

1

3

1kg 1m 2

1sec

6

= 10

60 s

10kg 1dm

2

3

1

1 1

1

6

= 106 100 60 60 60 = 216 1010 = 2.16 1012

n = 10

2

10 101 60 60 60

10

As n u = n u

11 2 2

J

ergs

106 =

2.16 1012

s

s

Q.

Ans.

b

The velocity V of particle is given by V= at +

what are dimensions of a, b &c.

t + c

b

V= at +

t + c

t + c t Should have some dim ensions as that of ' t '.

b

V= at +

T

Acc. to dim ension analsis.

b

V at=

, V

=

T

1

V LT

=

a =

,

t T

Q.

Ans.

=

b V=

[T ] LT 1 [T ] ,

2

a [ LT

=

b [ L]

]

A body travels a distance of ( 13.8 0.2) m in time (4 0.3)s. calculate Velocity

s 13.8 m

=

t

4 s

v

s t

0.2

0.3

0.01449 0.75

=

v

s

t

138

4

= 0.2199

v=

Q.

Ans.

V

13.8

= (0.2199)

Calculate it.

V

4

Velocity of flow of liquid depends upon radius of tubes (r) density of liquid () & coefficients

of viscosity (). Derive an expression for velocity of liquid.

V ra

b

c

V r a b c ..........(1)

Taking dim ensions on the both sides

1 1

[ M 0 LT

] = k[ L1 ]a [ ML3 ][ M 1 L1T 1 ]c

= k [ La M b L3b M c L cT c ]

1 1

[ M 0 LT

] = k[ M b + c La 3b cT c ]

Acc. to principle of hom ogenitly

PCC -PHYSICS COACHING CENTRE Power Coaching for ENGINEERING AND MEDICAL EXAMS

3/3498, Nai Abadi, Badi Pauri, Near Happy Book Centre,Abohar

9878024788

b + c =0

b =c

b =1

a 3b c =1

c =1

a 3(1) 1 =1

c =1

a + 3 1 =1

a= 1 2

a = 1

a=

1, b =

1, c =

1

Put in (1)

=

V k=

r 1 1 1 V k

r

Q.

Convert 72 km/hr. into m/s.

Ans.

Requried systen

Given systen

km

n2 ?

=

hr

1 1

kg

M 2 1kg.

1=

[ M 0 LT

]

n1 72,

V 72

=

=

M1

L1 =

1 km a =

0, b =

1, c =

1 L2 =

1m.

T1 1=

hr

T2 1sec.

b

M L T

n2 = n1 1 1 1

M 2 L2 T2

0

= 72

1kg

= 72

1kg

1km 1hr

1km 1sec

1000m 60 60sec

= 72

1m 1sec

1

=

72 1000 1

60 60

= 20

As n1u2 = n2u2

1

km

m

= 20

hr

s

Check the correctness of the relation V = (2GM/R) Where V is escape velocity, G = Gravitational

constant, M = mass of earth and R is radius of earth.

72

Q.

Ans.

1 1

L.H .S= v= [ M 0 LT

]

=

R.H .S

2GM

=

R

M

M 1 L3T 2

L

= =

L2T 2 [ L1T 1 ]

L.H .S = R.H .S Hence the relation is correct.

PCC -PHYSICS COACHING CENTRE Power Coaching for ENGINEERING AND MEDICAL EXAMS

3/3498, Nai Abadi, Badi Pauri, Near Happy Book Centre,Abohar

9878024788

Q. If the speed of light c(= 3 10 m / s ), Plancks constant h(=

6.6 1034 J s ) and gravitational constant

8

=

G ( 6.67 1011 mks units ) be chosen as fundamental units, find out the dimensions and value of unit of

mass.

Ans. Let m = kc x h y G z

....(1)

[ M 1 L0T 0 ] = [ LT 1 ]x [ ML2T 1 ] y [ ML1 L3T 2 ]z

= [ M y z .Lx ++2 y +3 zT x y 2 x ]

Applying the principle of homogeneity of dimensions.

=

y + z 0 ( 2 )

x + 2y + 3z = 0... ( 3)

x y 2z =

0...... ( 4 )

Adding (3) and (4), we get

=

y + z 0 ( 5 )

Adding ( 2 ) and ( 5 ) =

2y 1,=

y

From ( 5 ) ,z = y =

1

,

2

1

2

3 1

=

2 2

ch

=K

G

From ( 3) ,x =2y 3z =1 +

from (1),

107 kg

6.67 1011

Q. Show that if e is electronic change, h is Plancks constant, c is velocity of light and 0 is electric

Taking k 1; m

Ans. We known that electrostatic potential energy between two electrons separated by distance r is

e2

ee

U=

units of

= U r = ( M L2T 2 ) L Also, energy of a photon

0

4 0 r

hc

E = h v = units of hc = E = [ ML2T 2 ][ L]

[ ML2T 2 ]L

e

[ M 0 L0T 0 ], i.e., the given quantity is dimensionless.

= =

Now

2 2

0 hc [ ML T ]L

Q. Using dimensional analysis, check the correctness of the following relations:

a

u + (2n 1)

(1) S nth =

2

Ans.

distance L

L.H .S= S nth=

= = [ LT 1 ]

time

T

a

R.H .S =u + (2n 1) =[ LT 1 ] + [ LT 2T 1 ]

(2,1 are constants dimensionless )

2

= [ LT 1 ] + [ LT 1 ] = [ LT 1 ]

L.H .S = R.H .S

Formula is correct.

2

3/3498, Nai Abadi, Badi Pauri, Near Happy Book Centre,Abohar

9878024788

(2) =

h

m

Ans.

L.H .S = = wavelength= [ L]

h

[ ML

/ 2T 1 ]

=

= [ L1 ]

1

mv [ M/ ][ LT ]

L.H .S = R.H .S

Formula is correct.

R.H =

.S

(3) E = mc 2

Ans.

L.H .S= E= Energy= [ ML2T 2 ]

2

1 2

R.H=

.S mc

=

[ M ][ LT =

] [ ML2T 2 ]

L.H .S = R.H .S

Formula is correct.

Where the symbols have their usual meanings.

b x2

a

Q. Write the dimensions of

in the relation P =

where P is power, x is distance and t is time.

at

b

Ans.

b x2

P=

at

b x2

P

=

at at

As like quantities can be added & subtracted .

b x2

=

= P

at at

b

x2

P =

P

=

&

at

at

x2

[ L]2

a=

=

= [ M 1T 2 ]

2 3

Pt [ ML T ][T ]

a [ M 1T 2 ]

= =

[ M 1 L2T 2 ]

2

b

[L ]

Or

As x 2 is sutracted from ' b ', the dimensions are of b are of x 2 i.e b =

[ L2 ]

Q. The velocity (v) of the transverse waves on a string may depend upon (1) length (l) of spring, (2)

tension T in the string and (3) mass per unit length (m) of the string. Derive the formula dimensionally.

Ans.

v l a length of string

v T b Tension in string

v mc mass per unit length

v l aT b m c

v = k l aT b m c

..........(1)

3/3498, Nai Abadi, Badi Pauri, Near Happy Book Centre,Abohar

PCC -PHYSICS COACHING CENTRE Power Coaching for ENGINEERING AND MEDICAL EXAMS

1 1

] = k[ L]a [ MLT 2 ]b [ M 1 L1 ]c

[ M 0 LT

1 1

[ M 0 LT

] = k[ La M b LbT 2b M c L c ]

1 1

[ M 0 LT

] = k[ M b + c La +b cT 2b ]

b + c =0,

a + b c =1,

2b =1

b

=

1

+c =

0

2

/1 1

=

/2 2

1

2

1 1

a + = 1 a + 1 = 1 a = 0

2 2

putting these values in (1)

c=

v = k l 0T 2 m

v =k

Q.

Ans.

T

m

Define the following :

(a ) Solar day :Time taken by earth to complete its one rotation around its own ax.s w.r .t sun.

(b) Sedrial day : Time taken by earth to complete its one rotation around its own ax.s w.r .tfixed ster

(c) Solar year : The time taken by earth to complete its one revolution around sun

1Solar year = 365.25 days .

(d ) Lunar month : it is time taken by moon to complete its one revolution around earth.

1L.M = 27.3 days

(e) Shake : It is smallest unit of time.

( f ) Light year : it is dis t ance traveled by light inoneyear invacuum.

Q.

Ans.

Q.

Ans

1 Lt. year

= 9.48 1015 m.

Define Parsec. Give its relation with light year?

Parsee : it is called parallactic sec ond .

It is defined as the dis tan ce at which an are of 1. AU

. subtends an angle of 1sec ond .

Relation of 1 parsec & light year.

1 par sec = 3.26 light year

Do 1 Ao and 1AU represent same unit of length.

is smallest unit of dis tan ce 10 A 10 10 m.

10 A it=

1 AU = it is average dis tan ce between centre of earth & centre of sun.

Q.

Ans.

1AU

= 1.5 1011 m.

What is the difference between 5.0 and 5.00 ?

5.0 has one sin gnificant figures,5.00 has two significant figures after decimal.

So more is the si gnificantfigures more is the accurate then 5.0

3/3498, Nai Abadi, Badi Pauri, Near Happy Book Centre,Abohar

Q.

Ans.

9878024788

3 2

Given X = a b /cd and %age errors in a, b ,c , d are 1%, 3%, 4%, 2% respectively. Find

%age error in X.

X

3a 2b 1 c 1 d

=

X

a

b

2 c 2 d

X

3a

2b

1 c

1 d

100 =

100

100

100

100

X

a

b

2 c

2 d

=

3% 6% 2% 1%

= 12%

Q. The initial and final temperatures of water as recorded by an observer are

(40.6 0.2)0 C and (78.3 0.3)0 C .Calculate the rise in temperature with proper error limits.

Ans. Hence 1 =

(40.6 0.2)0 C , 2 (78.3 0.3)0 C

Rise in temperature = 2 1 = 78.3 40.6 = 37.70 C

= ( 2 + 1 ) = (0.2 + 0.3) = 0.50 C

= (37.7 0.5)0 C

Rise in temperature

a 2ba 3

If percentage error in a, b, c, d are 2%,

c d

Ans.

x

b c 1 d

a 2b3

a

=

2

+3

+

+

x=

x

b

c 2 d

c d

a

x

b

c

1 d

1

a

100 =

2

100 + 3 100 +

100 +

100 =

2 2% + 3 1% + 3% + 4%

x

b

c

2 d

2

a

x

100 =

[ 4% + 3% + 3% + 2% ] =

12%

x

l

. Measured value of L is 20.0 can known

Q. The period of oscillation of a simple pendulum is T = 2

g

to 1mm accuracy and time for 100 oscillations of the pendulum is found to be 90 s using a wrist watch of

1 s resolution. What is the accuracy in the determination of g ?

L

Ans.

HereT = 2

squaring both sides

g

2

L

L

=

T 2 4 2

[T ] 2 =

g

g

As per rule

2

=

g 4 2

L

T2

0.1

g

T

L

1

100 =

100 + 2

100 =

100 + 2 100 =

2.7%

g

T

L

90

20.0

Q. What is percentage error in volume of a sphere, when error in measuring its radius is 2 % ?

4

V

r

Ans. AsV r 3

=3

=3 ( 2% ) =6%.

3

V

r

Q. What is error in density of a cube when its mass is uncertain by 2% and length of its edge is

uncertain by 1% ?

Ans.

PCC -PHYSICS COACHING CENTRE Power Coaching for ENGINEERING AND MEDICAL EXAMS

3/3498, Nai Abadi, Badi Pauri, Near Happy Book Centre,Abohar

9878024788

M

M M V

L

= 3

=3

+3

= ( 2% + 3 1% ) =5%.

V

L

V

M

L

How large a millisecond than a microsecond ?

As

Q.

Ans.

Q.

Ans.

Q.

Ans .

milli sec ond = 103 micro sec ond , 1 milli sec ond is 1000 times micro sec ond .

How many times a Kg larger than a mg ?

kg 103 g &1 mg

= 103 g 1=

g 103 mg 1=

kg 106 mg .

1=

What is the advantage of choosing the wavelength of light radiation as a standard of length.

Advantage of choosing wavelenght as standard of length are :

(1) Wavelenght of light is not effected by change in environment.

(2) Use Kr 86 is easily available in laboratories, hence this s tan dard is easily

& acccurately reproducible.

Physics Is Fun, Just Love it ,Feel it, and Enjoy It..!!!!!

St. No.3,Nai Abadi,Badi Pauri & Near Govt. Girls School, Abohar

PCC -PHYSICS COACHING CENTRE Power Coaching for ENGINEERING AND MEDICAL EXAMS

3/3498, Nai Abadi, Badi Pauri, Near Happy Book Centre,Abohar

- 11AU303.pdfUploaded bysumikannu
- Physics Medical EntrranceUploaded bywww.bhawesh.com.np
- Elements of properties of matters.pdfUploaded byরাশিদ ত্বকী
- Unit Dimensions and MeasurementUploaded byKetan Singh
- The new physics - Albert Cushing CrehoreUploaded bySolomanTrismosin
- 5.5.1 Structure of the Universe (1)Uploaded byGanesh Anil
- The Speed of Light and the Big Bang Model of CreationUploaded byJohn Michael Williams
- Wind Tunnel testing basicsUploaded byAravind
- How Big is That 2Uploaded byngrrns
- Lecture Notes 1Uploaded byNurul Arifah
- Mathematics for Medical Practitioners Drug CalculationUploaded byvalentinemusa218
- Jarosław Artyszuk.pdfUploaded byCharles Jones
- MatterUploaded byjavier
- Shadow - Wikipedia, The Free EncyclopediaUploaded byAr tahir
- Unit Dimensions and Measurement TestUploaded byknlsinha
- Aqa msUploaded bywill bell
- NewtonUploaded byAisyah Telah pergi
- Dimensional Analysis and Similarity 2Uploaded byAli and alrhman
- The Structures and Dynamic of Tornado-like VorticeUploaded byJuan Carlos González
- Space, Time, Mass & EnergyUploaded byMarionne Contreras
- SUMARRY BLOQUE1Uploaded byRyu Rey Roger
- ReporteUploaded byErica Johana Rincon Vidal
- StaticsUploaded bySK
- SHADOW.rtfUploaded byAbduh Himus Tofani
- CLASS7Uploaded byJavaid Ali Shah
- Optimization of MachinigUploaded bykhujistamahmood
- Topic 7 MassUploaded byputrla
- slab HC 300mm.rtfUploaded byRonaldo Hertez
- solutions ch07Uploaded byapi-239280915
- 76-84.pdfUploaded bymario

- Chapter 1 Theory Living World I rUploaded byvishal_kalra
- Distance and DisplacementUploaded byvishal_kalra
- Space System 10 ThUploaded byvishal_kalra
- Nuclear Energy10thUploaded byvishal_kalra
- kinetic theory of gasesUploaded byvishal_kalra
- CommunicationUploaded byvishal_kalra
- ncert solutionsUploaded bySandeep Singh
- New Wave (Drama Section) Class x Cbse English NotesUploaded bynikhil navariya
- Screw GaugeUploaded byvishal_kalra
- Refraction of Light and Lens (2)Uploaded byvishal_kalra
- HUYGENUploaded byvishal_kalra
- SHM MCQ's (Autosaved)Uploaded byvishal_kalra
- Wpe Theory 2Uploaded byvishal_kalra
- Work Done by Constant Force-MCQUploaded byvishal_kalra
- Critical and GraphicsUploaded byvishal_kalra
- Wpe TheoryUploaded byvishal_kalra
- Nature and Scope of BiologyUploaded byvishal_kalra
- Bhasa Bhaskar Key_5Uploaded byvishal_kalra
- Hindi Paper Class X-AUploaded byMukesh Panicker
- AIPMT Code P Solved Paper 2014Uploaded byAlind Dubey
- Differentiation & Integration TestUploaded byvishal_kalra
- Motion in One Dimension (Practice Problem)_Part1Uploaded byvishal_kalra
- Unit,Dimensions and Measurement Answersheet RUploaded byvishal_kalra
- Unit Dimensions and Measurement (Practice Problem) -RUploaded byvishal_kalra
- Personal VisionUploaded byvishal_kalra
- Magnetic Effect and MagnetismUploaded byvishal_kalra

- PRomo September 2017Uploaded byAJF PRSSA
- Test King - Oracle Build Forms 2 - Study Guide - 1z0-122 1.0Uploaded byKy Lan
- Assignment-3.pdfUploaded byFaizaan Ali
- Verbeek. Artifacts and AttachmentUploaded byNoSe
- AI and Algo Trading CompaniesUploaded byVarun Kumar
- 2098-ap001_-en-p.pdfUploaded byIsrael
- Spearman Rho CorrelationUploaded byNava Ratnam
- Actual Research Paper #2Uploaded byGina Edwards
- 3 Scheduling and DatesUploaded byDharma Raju
- Soil Classification Support for Farming DecisionsUploaded byEditor IJRITCC
- [13] Chapter15_VLSI Clocking and System DesignUploaded byaswathyvg24_78977563
- Lot 1A - Andorid Question -CompiledUploaded bypkilias
- spy phone manualUploaded byGhostrider1
- Lesson PlanUploaded byAli Faisal
- Extend Qp Custom ApplicationsUploaded byArun Kumar
- controllers_mc024110_112 DANFOSS 2.pdfUploaded byMiguel Angel Santos Pintado
- api 581Uploaded byArturo De La Fuente
- StuartHallOthernessUploaded byGillian Kate Turner
- Preliminary List of Ias in Bih bUploaded byAnonymous dEztzVue
- Handbook of Hypergeometric Integrals.pdfUploaded byYohansli Noya
- Federman, R. & Thomson, J.a. - Facing Bipolar_ the Young Adult's Guide to Dealing With Bipolar Disorder (2010)Uploaded byBoyan Vassilev
- Team Roles QuestionnaireUploaded bysreekanthsasidharan
- Neuro-Marketing & Eye Tracking Learnings & CompaniesUploaded bySy Nex
- Rover TechnologyUploaded byPradeep Nyati
- Evento ReisUploaded byFabricioFa68
- The Theory of Attitude Formation and ChangeUploaded byHitesh Rajwar
- Presesentation on State FarmUploaded byWilliam Masterson Shah
- 07.the Use of Teaching StoriesUploaded byErnesto Contreras
- Flex MasterUploaded byvanillalavender
- A Preliminary Study on the Use of Vocal Function in TransgenderUploaded byjuan moreira