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KELAS XI

SEMESTER III

TALKING ABOUT HOBBIES AND INTEREST

Talking about favorite things


When you talk about your favorite things you talk about the best liked or most enjoyed things.
Examples:
"What's your favorite color?" "Green."
Study the dialogue:
Leila is talking to her new friend Cathy:
Leila:
What kind of films do you like best?
Cathy:
Science fiction. And you?
Leila:
Comedy. And who's your favorite actor?
Cathy:
Tom Cruise.
Leila:
I like Robert de Nero most.
Asking about favorite things:
What's your favorite sport?
What sport do you like best?
What sport do you like most?
What kind of sport do you like best?
Who's your favorite football player?
Responding:
My favorite sport is football.
I like football best.
I like football most.
My favorite football player is Ronaldo.
Expressing likes and dislikes
To talk about your likes and dislikes, you can use these expressions.
Expressing likes:
I like
I love...
I adore
I m crazy about
Im mad about
I enjoy
Im keen on
Expressing dislikes:
I dont like
I dislike...
I hate
I abhor
I cant bear...
I cant stand
I detest...
I loathe...
Examples of likes and dislikes :
I'm mad about basketball, but I cant bear ice hockey.
I adore reading poetry, but I loathe doing the housework.
If you neither like nor dislike something:
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"I don't mind doing the housework."


Things to remember about likes and dislikes:
1. When these expressions are followed by a verb, the latter is put in the -ing form.
Examples:
"I like listening to music."
"I hate wearing sunglasses."
I like
I detest

VERB+ING

I don't mind

GRAMMAR ; YES-NO QUESTIONS


A. Yes/no questions
Adalah pertanyaan yang menuntut jawaban yes atau no. Jenis pertanyaan ini diawali
dengan auxiliary (is, am, are, was, were, do, does, did, have, has, had, can, may, must,
should shall, will, could, atau would).
Contoh:
1. Do you love me?
Yes, I do/No, I dont
2. Are you sleepy?
Yes, I am? No, I am not.
3. Can they climb the wall?
Yes, they can? No, yhey cant.
4. Will you help me?
Yes, I will/No, I will not.
If there is one verb in the statement and the verb is a form of be, simply switch the
positions of the subject and verb.
Statement
Question
John is a doctor.
The Jensens are here.

Is John a doctor?
Are the Jensens here?

If there are two verbs, simply switch the positions of the subject and first verb.
Statement
Question
Jan is eating dinner.
June has rented an apartment.
Jen has been living here since 1969.

Is Jan eating dinner?


Has June rented an apartment?
Has Jen been living here since 1969?

If there is one verb, and the verb is not a form of be, the process is more complex.
1. Add Do to the beginning of the sentence.
The Johnsons live in that house.
Do the Johnsons live in that house?
2. If the main verb "carries" a third person singular s, move the s to Do, making it Does.
Jane drives a car.
Do Jane drives a car? (Not finished
yet!)
Does Jane drive a car? (Good
question!)
3. If the main verb "carries" past tense, move the past tense to Do, making it Did.
Joan played basketball last night.
Do Joan played basketball? (Not finished
yet!)
Did Joan play basketball? (Good question!)
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GRAMMAR ; QUESTIONS TAG AND QUESTION WORDS


1. Positive Statement
Rumus:
(+) statement, (-) tag?
a. Dengan Kata Bantu (Auxiliary)
Contoh:
You are the new secretary, aren't you? (bukan are not you?)
George can swim well, can't he?
I am going to go to the cinema with you, aren't I? (bukan amn't I)
Susie has phoned you, hasn't she?
Catatan penting:
Jika kita dapat melihat adanya kata Bantu (is, am, are, was, were, do, does, did, has,
have, had, will, would, can, could, shall, should, may, might, atau must), maka gunakan
saja kata Bantu tersebut sebagai tagnya.
Tag negative harus dibentuk dengan singkatan. Pengguaan not yang terpisah dari kata
bantunya tidak umum dalam Question tag.
Jika subjek kalimatnya I, dan kata bantunya am, maka tagnya adalah aren't I? bukan
"amn't I" sebab penyingkatan ini tidak standard dalam bahasa Inggris.
Berhati-hatilah dengan penyingkatan kata Bantu. Perhatikan contoh kalimat-kalimat
berikut ini:

She's afraid to stay alone, isn't she?


She's called the police, hasn't she?

b. Tanpa Kata Bantu (Auxiliary)


Contoh:
They invited you to their party, didn't they?
She read the novel, didn't she?
She reads the novel, doesn't she?
Somebody knocked at the door, didn't they?
You think I will be fired, don't you?
I believe you will pass the exam, won't you?
Catatan penting:
Jika tidak ada auxiliary (kata Bantu) di dalam kalimat statement-nya, maka gunakan do,
does, atau did, tergantung dari tenses-nya.
NEGATIVE STATEMENT
Rumus:
(-) Statement, (+) tag
Contoh:
There isn't any news, is there?
My parents won't go to Bali with you, will they?
Nobody wants to go with you, do they?
Everybody does not bring their homework, do they?
You never come to her dormitory, do you?

Look at these examples with positive statements:


positive statement [+]

negative tag [-]

notes:

auxiliary

not

personal
pronoun
(same as
subject)

subject

auxiliary

main
verb

You

are

coming,

Are

n't

you?

We

have

finished,

Have

n't

we?

You

do

like

coffee,

Do

n't

you?

like

coffee,

Do

n't

you?

You (do) like...


won't = will not

You
They

will

help,

Wo

n't

they?

can

come,

Can

't

I?

We

must

go,

Must

n't

we?

He

should

try

harder,

should

n't

he?

You

are

English,

Are

n't

you?

John

was

there,

Was

n't

he?

no auxiliary for main verb be


present & past

Some special cases:


I am right, aren't I?

aren't I (not amn't I)

You have to go, don't you?

you (do) have to go...

I have been answering, haven't I?

use first auxiliary

Nothing came in the post, did it?

treat statements with nothing, nobody etc like negative statements

Let's go, shall we?

let's = let us

He'd better do it, hadn't he?

he had better (no auxiliary)

QUESTION WORDS
B. Information Question (Wh-question dan How)
Adalah pertanyaan yang menanyakan informasi dengan menggunakan Question Words (kata
tanya). Sering disebut dengan Wh-question karena semua kata tanya diawali dengan Wh-,
kecuali How. Yang termasuk Question Words (QW) adalah: What, Who, Whom, Whose, Why,
Where, When, Which dan How.
Pola umum:
QW + aux + S + verb + Object/Complement ?
1. What (apa)
Menanyakan nama benda, nama orang atau jenis profesi.
Contoh:
~ What is that? That is an apple.
~ What are you? I am a soldier.
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~ What is your name? My name is Ivanka.


2. Who (siapa)
Menanyakan orang sebagai pelaku/subject.
Memiliki rumus khusus:
Who + verb + O ? atau Who + to be + S ?
Contoh:
~ Who are you? I am Joko Pinurbo.
~ Who writes the letter? Martin does.
~ Who is very beautiful? Agnes Monica is very beautiful.
3. Why (mengapa)
Menanyakan alasan atau penyebab terjadinya sesuatu.
Contoh:
~ Why do you come late? Because I missed the bus this morning.
~ Why is Mrs. Julia very healthy? Because she does sport every morning.
~ Why do you love me? Because you are very rich.
4. Where (di mana)
Menanyakan tempat.
Contoh:
~ Where does Alicia study? She studies in SMPN 03 Wonogiri.
~ Where do you go every day? I go to school every day.
~ Where is the library? The library is beside the hall.
5. When (kapan)
Menanyakan waktu.
Contoh:
~ When does Alfian get up? He gets up at five oclock every morning.
~ When did you go to Eromoko? I go to Eromoko last week.
~ When do you go to school? I go to school at 06.30.
6. How (bagaimana)
Menanyakan kondisi atau keadaan.
Contoh:
How are you? Im fine. Thanks.
How is Reynas school? Her school is large and clean.
Whom (siapa)
Menanyakan orang sebagai object.
Contoh:
Whom do you meet? I meet Inul Daratista.
Whom is she looking for? She is looking for Brian Safina.
Whose (milik siapa)
Menanyakan pemilik suatu benda.
Contoh:
~ Whose bag is this? This is my bag.
~ Whose sister is the girl? She is my sister.
Which (yang mana)
Menanyakann pilihan.
Contoh:
~ Which is your car? My car is the red one.
~ Which is his sister? His sister is the girl in blue jacket.
How many (berapa banyak)
Menanyakan jumlah (jika yang ditanyakan berupa countable nouns/kata benda yang
bisa dihitung).
Contoh:
~ How many students are there in the class? There are forty students.
~ How many brother do you have? I have three brothers.
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How much (berapa banyak)


Menanyakan jumlah (jika yang ditanyakan berupa uncountable nouns/kata benda yang
tak bisa dihitung).
Contoh:
How much money does it cost? It costs one thousand rupiah.
How much sugar do you want? A spoon of sugar, please.
How often (berapa sering)
Menanyakan seberapa sering orang melakukan sesuatu.
Contoh:
~ How often does Anita go to Malaysia? She goes to Malaysia twice a week.
~ How often do you speak to your father? I speak to him every day.
Bisa juga menggunakan How many times.
How many times do you eat? I eat three times a day.
How far (berapa jauh)
Menanyakan jarak suatu tempat dengan tempat lainnya.
Contoh:
~ How far is this school from your house? Its about 5 kilometers.
How old (berapa umur/usia)
Menanyakan usia seseorang.
Contoh:
~ How old are you? I am 20 years old.
~ How old is Mrs. Riana? She is 37 years old.
How long (berapa lama)
Menanyakan lama waktu.
Contoh:
~ How long have you lived in Jogja? I have lived in Jogja for Five years.
How deep (berapa dalam)
~ How deep is the river? Its about five meters.
~ How deep can he dive? He can dive 20 meters deep.
How tall (berapa tinggi)
Menanyakan tinggi orang.
Contoh:
~ How tall are you? I am 165 cm tall.
~ How tall is Mr. Jack? He is 189 cm tall.
How high (berapa tinggi)
Menanyakan tinggi suatu benda.
Contoh:
~ How high is the mountain? Its about 3686 meters high.
~ How high is the tree? Its about 4 meters high.
Example of questions words
1. What kind of (books) do you (read)?
2. When do you usually (go to bed)?
3. When do you like to (eat ice cream)?
4. What do you usually (eat for breakfast)?
5. How often do you (go to the movies)?
6. Who do you (dislike)?
7. What do you do usually (do at night)?
8. What is your favorite (meal)?
9. How long have you been (studying English)?
10. What classes (do you take in school)?
11. What color (shirt/blouse) are you wearing?
12. Who is your (best friend)?
1. What kind of (books) do you (read)?
2. When do you usually (go to bed)?
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3. When do you like to (eat ice cream)?


4. What do you usually (eat for breakfast)?
5. How often do you (go to the movies)?
6. Who do you (dislike)?
7. What do you do usually (do at night)?
8. What is your favorite (meal)?
9. How long have you been (studying English)?
10. What classes (do you take in school)?
11. What color (shirt/blouse) are you wearing?
12. Who is your (best friend)?

GERUND
Gerund adalah kata benda yang berasal dari kata kerja ditambah ing, misalnya swimming,
eating, fishing, shopping, dancing, dan singing. Bila diperhatikan, gerund mempunyai bentuk
yang sama dengan present participle, bedanya gerund berfungsi sebagai kata benda, sedangkan
present participle sebagai kata sifat yang menerangkan kata benda.
Dalam kalimat, gerund berfungsi sebagai:
a. subjek (subject)
b. pelengkap subjek (subjective complement)
c. objek langsung (direct object)
d. objek preposisi (object of preposition)
e. aposisi (appositive)
Subject
Gerund sebagai subjek pokok kalimat, contoh:
- Swimming is good service.
- Your singing is very beautiful.
- Studying needs time and patience.
- Playing tennis is fun.
- Reading English is easier than speaking it.
Subjective Complement
Gerund sebagai pelengkap subjek dalam kalimat biasanya selalu didahului to be yang terletak di
antara subject dan subjective complement, contoh:
- My favorite sport is running.
- My favorite activity is reading.
Direct Object
Gerund sebagai objek langsung dalam kalimat, contoh:
- I enjoy dancing.
- She likes dancing.
- Thank you for your coming.
- I hate arguing.
Object of Preposition
Gerund sebagai objek preposisi yang terletak setelah preposisi. Preposisi yang sering dipakai
adalah of, on, no, with, without, at for, after, before, because of, to, like, about, for, by, in.
Contoh:
- He is tired of gambling.
- I am fond of eating bakso.
- He insisted on seeing her.
- I have no objection to hearing your story.
- You will not be clever without studying.
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- They are good at telling funny stories.


- In sleeping I met you in the park.
Appositive
Gerund sebagai aposisi atau penegas dalam kalimat, contoh:
- My hobby, fishing, is interesting.
- I do not like quarrelling, a useless job.
My hobby is fishing dan fishing is interesting diletakkan bersebelahan dalam sebuah kalimat
sebagai appositive (fishing adalah aposisi dari my hobby), begitu juga contoh kalimat
dibawahnya.
Gerund mempunyai empat macam bentuk :
Tense

active

Passive

Present or continuous
Perfect

doing
having done

being done
having been done

HANDLING GUEST
Here are the expressions used by a receptionist to welcome the guest
Good morning/evening.
How many nights do you want ..
What can I do for you?
When is it for
Yes sir the rooms are available..
Id like to reserve a room, please?
Expressions used by a receptionist to tell that there is no vacant room for the guest
Im afraid were fully booked
I am afraid were full
I am sorry we have no vacancies
There is no room availabiale for ..
Expression used by the guest to get the information
How much is it?
How much do you charge per day?
Do you have any reservation?
Please pick me up in the
Its for Mr/Mrs(name spell)
Its for Friday to Sunday please
Wed like to book a VIP room please

Dialogue
Guest
Receptionist
Guest
Receptionist
Guest
Receptionist
Guest
Receptionist
Guest
Receptionist
Guest
Receptionist

: Good afternoon. Miss!


: Good afternoon sir. What can I do for you?
: Yes please , Id like to book a room, please.
: Which one do you take?
: A VIP room, please.
: How many nights do you want the room?
: Three days, please!
: What name is it for, please?
: John Secada
: How do you spell that please?
: J-O-H-N. S-E-C-A-D-A
: Fine Thank you.
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Exercise
Complete the dialogue below by using expression of handling guest
Guest

:..

Receptionist
Guest
Receptionist
Guest
Receptionist
Guest
Receptionist

: Good morning, what can I do for you sir?


: Id like to book one room for meeting
: .
: Just for one day
: .
: Frank Lebouf
: Fine thank you sir

TELEPHONE CONVERSATION
Expression
Hello.
May I speak to (... John)?
Is (... Amy) there?
(... Jamie's Interiors), may I help you?
Hi, (... Mrs. Murphy, is Allan) in?
I would like to speak to (... Miss Parkins)?
Who's calling please?
Ill put you through.
I got your message.
Ill transfer you.
Ill call back.
Im returning your call.

Response
Good bye.
Hold on please. (Hold the line, please).
Speaking.
Yes, I'm calling for Mr. Flanders.
Not at the moment, he just went to the store.
May I ask whos calling?
This is Ralph Edison, from Barrys Bakery.
Thanks.
Thanks for calling back.
OK.
OK, but make it soon, it's important.
That was quick, thanks.

Example of telephone conversation


Jacky
Bella
Jacky
Bella
Jacky
Bella
Jacky

: Hello. Good afternoon ?


: Good afternoon. Who is speaking please ?
: Im Jacky. Can I Talk to Mr. Andi ?
: Im sorry. Mr. Andi is not at home now
: Can I leave a message for him ?
: sure
: Please tell him that I will call him back at 5 pm. I need borrow some book
from him.

Conversation 1
Donna: Hello.
Becky: Is Karen there?
Donna: Not at the moment. She just went to the store.
Becky: Do you know when she will return?
Donna: It shouldnt be too long, maybe an hour or so. Can I take a message?
Becky: Yes, thanks. This is Becky.
Donna: And what is the message?
Becky: Could you have her call me at my office, ASAP. Its about the Quiggly account.
Donna: Call her at your office in regards to the Quiggly account. Does she have your number?
Becky: Im not sure. Let me give it to you just in case. Its 745-8895.
Donna: 745-8895. OK, Ill give her the message.
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Becky: Thanks a lot. Good bye.


Donna: Good bye.

EXERCISE
Complete the dialogue below
Andi
Widi
Andi
Widi
Andi
Widi
Andi
Widi
Andi

: Good morning
: .?
: Im Andi. Can I talk to your father please?
: He is at Makassar now.
:
: Sure
: Please tell him that my parents invite to my brother wedding next week.
: Thats all
: Yes, thank you Widi.

PERSONAL PRONOUNS

I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They

Personal Pronouns
Subject form
Object form
Me
You
Him
Her
It
Us
You
Them

Examples (in each case, the first example shows a subject pronoun, the second an object
pronoun):

I like coffee.
John helped me.
Do you like coffee?
John loves you.
He runs fast.
Did Ram beat him?
She is clever.
Does Mary know her?
It doesn't work.
Can the engineer repair it?
We went home.
Anthony drove us.
Do you need a table for three?
Did John and Mary beat you at doubles?
They played doubles.
John and Mary beat them.

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REPORTED SPEECH
Time/place references change when using reported speech
Example
"I will see you here tomorrow", she said.
She said that she would see me there the
next day.
The most common of these changes are shown below:
Today

that day

"I saw him today", she said.

She said that she had seen him that day.

Yesterday

the day before

"I saw him yesterday", she said.

She said that she had seen him the day


before.

The day before yesterday

two days before

"I met her the day before yesterday", he


said.

He said that he had met her two days before.

Tomorrow

the next/following day

"I'll see you tomorrow", he said

He said that he would see me the next day.

The day after tomorrow

in two days time/ two days later

"We'll come the day after tomorrow", they


said.

They said that they would come in two days


time/ two days later.

Next week/month/year

the following week/month/year

"I have an appointment next week", she said.

She said that she had an appointment the


following week.

Last week/month/year

the previous/week/month/year

"I was on holiday last week", he told us.

He told us that he had been on holiday the


previous week.

ago

before

"I saw her a week ago," he said.

He said he had seen her a week before.

this (for time)

that

"I'm getting a new car this week", she said.

She said she was getting a new car that


week.

this/that (adjectives)

the

"Do you like this shirt?" he asked

He asked if I liked the shirt.

here

there

He said, "I live here".

He told me he lived there.

Other changes:
In general, personal pronouns change to the third person singular or plural, except when the
speaker reports his own words:
I/me/my/mine, you/your/yours
him/his/her/hers
we/us/our/ours, you/your/yours
they/their/theirs:

He said: "I like your new car."


He told her that he liked her new car.
I said: "I'm going to my friend's house."
I said that I was going to my friend's house.

TALKING JOB ; SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE


Pattern ; Subject + verb + s/es + object
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Example ;
(+) She goes to office
(?) Does she go to office ?
(-) She doesnt go to office
How to express
Asking for jobs description
What do you do in your work ?
What does.do ?
What is your jobs descriptions?
What is your duty as.?
Telling job description
Im charge of
Im responsible for..
He welcomes and receives hotel guests.
She is a chief. She cooks many foods in the restaurant of the hotel.

CURRICULUM VITAE

Curriculum Vitae
Personal Details
Full Name
Sex
Place, Date of
Birth
Nationality
Marital Status
Height, Weight
Health
Religion
Address
Mobile
Phone
E-mail

: Florentina Putri
: Female
: Probolinggo, August 5, 1979
: Indonesia
: Married
: 165 cm, 53 kg
: Perfect
: Moslem
: Perum Bojong Depok Baru 1, Blok ZT No.3, Cibinong
16913
: 0817 9854 203
: 021 - 87903802
: putri.flo@gmail.com

Educational Background
1985 - 1991
1991 - 1994
1994 - 1997
1997 2001

: Gajahmada Elementary School, Probolinggo


: Junior High School No.1, Probolinggo
: Senior High School No.1, Probolinggo
: Accounting Department at the University of Pancasila,
Jakarta

Course & Education


1998 - 1999
1999 - 2002
2004 2004

: Computer & Internet Course at Puskom Gilland Ganesha,


Jakarta
: English Language Course at LBA Gilland Ganesha, Jakarta
: Tax Course (Brevet A & B) di FAIUP, Jakarta

Qualifications
1. Accounting & Administration Skills (Journal Printing & Calculation,
Ledger, Petty Cash Payroll & Calculation, Inventory Controls, Project
Data Updating, Teller, Salary Caldulation).
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2. Taxation System.
3. Computer Literate (MS Word, MS Excel, MS Power Point, MS Access, MS
Outlook).
4. Internet Literate.
Working Experience
Working at PT. Flamboyan Bumi Singo, Cibinong
Period : August 2011 - September 2012
Purpose : Permanently working
Position : Accounting & Taxation staff
Job's Description :
Payroll Staff;
Project's data updating;
Business correspondences;
Expatriates documentation filling & follow up;
Translation;
Appointment arrangement;
Filling anda data updating;
Arranged of business trip schedule;
Meeting budget arrangement;
Issuing invoice & receipt for vendor and customers;
Inventory Controller;
Preparation of purchase requirement and purchase order;
Invoice & payment arrangement.
Cibinong, September 3rd, 2012
signed
Florentina Putri

PERSONAL LETTER
Example of personal Letter

895 Don Mills Road, Unit 2735


Toronto, ON
M3C 1T5
(alamat lengkap pengirim)
November 19th, 2010
(tanggal surat)
Dear Sabrina, (awal surat-ditujukan kepada siapa. Gunakan koma setelah nama yang dituju)
Please let me express my deepest sympathies to you and the children. I was shocked and
shattered when I heard about Frank's horrific accident. I can't even imagine what you have
been going through for the past ten days. (kalimat pembuka)
As you know, Frank and I have been colleagues and friends for the past eight years. His tragic
loss leaves a terrible void in our office. He was so well-liked and respected by everyone who
came into contact with him, both colleagues and clients alike. He had tremendous people skills,
and as such, was a role model in our company and the industry at large.
I trust that, when they are older, the children will be made aware of what an outstanding
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person Frank was in his professional life.


Sabrina, please feel free to contact me if I can help in any way while you go through this very
difficult period. I will support you in any way that I can should you reach out to me. (isi surat)
Also, please tell the children how terribly devastated all of us are here at the company due too
their Father's tragic passing.
Sincere sympathy, (salam penutup)
Darlene Francis (nama pengirim)

SEMESTER IV
GIVING INVITATION
Expression

Response A- Accept, D- Decline

Are you free on (... Friday night)?

A: Sure, what did you have in mind?


D: No, Im going to my grandmothers 80th birthday party.

Would you like to go to ( ... a picnic


on Sunday afternoon)?

A: That would be great, thanks.


D: No can do, I have a soccer game.

How about going to ( ... the movies


with me this Saturday)?
Id like to invite you to ( ... the dance
this weekend)?

A: That sounds great. What time?


D: Sorry, but Ive already made other plans.
A: How kind of you to ask, Id be delighted.
D: Im sorry, but I have a previous engagement.

Do you want to go to ( ... the rock


concert with me)?

A: Sure. When?
D: No thanks, loud concerts give me an earache.

English Dialogue
Students should work together in pairs and read the following dialogue, one student reading
one part, the other student reading the other. Note the expressions used in the dialogue and
the progression of the conversation. The dialogue can be used as a model to have similar
conversations.
Bob: Alice, what are you doing Sunday afternoon?
Alice: Not much, what did you have in mind?
Bob: The Fourth Avenue Street Fair is going on downtown. Would you like to go?
Alice: Sure, sounds like fun. What is it anyway?
Bob: Just a bunch of vendors selling food, clothes, and what not, kind of like a carnival. There
are also street musicians and performers. It's interesting to just walk around looking at the
people and the sights.
Alice: What time and where do we meet?
Bob: The fair opens at 9:00, but I'm busy in the morning. How about 1:00?
Alice: OK, should I meet you somewhere there?
Bob: Why don't I pick you up at your house?
INVITING:

Do you want to go to the movies tonight?


Would you like to go to the theatre tomorrow?
Would you be interested in going to the the stadium next Sunday?
How do you fancy going to the the restaurant for dinner?
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How about going to the movies?


Care to come over for lunch?
I was just wondering if you would like to come over for a drink.
We'd be delighted to have you over for my birthday party.

ACCEPTING INVITATIONS:

Sure. What time?


I'd love to, thanks.
That's very kind of you, thanks.
That sounds lovely, thank you.
What a great idea, thank you.
Sure. When should I be there?

Declining invitations:

I can't. I have to work.


This evening is no good. I have an appointment.
I'm busy tomorrow. Can I take a rain check* on that?
That's very kind of you, but actually I'm doing something else this afternoon.
Well, I'd love to, but I'm already going out to the restaurant.
I'm really sorry, but I've got something else on.
I really don't think I can - I'm supposed to be doing something else.

Mike and Ann are in a wedding party:


Mike:
Ann:
Mike:
Ann:

Do you want to dance?


No thanks. I'm a bit tired right now
How about having a drink?
Sure, I'd love to!

INVITATION LETTER
97 Fir Crescent
Denver, CO 80409
December 17, 2008

Dear Mr. and Mrs. Johnson,


As the parents of the bride, I would like to take this opportunity to invite you to the wedding of
our daughter, Sandra Green to her fianc, Adam Locke. On this joyous occasion, we wish to
share the day with our closest friends and family members.
Children grow faster than any of us can imagine, the time is upon us to watch our child grow
and flourish into a new stage of their life. He proposed while the two of them were on vacation,
she happily accepted and now they are to be married.
The formal event will be located at the Fire Lake Golf and Country Club on the fifteenth of
August at three o'clock, two thousand and nine.
Please RSVP by the fifteenth of June to ensure attendance. We hope to see you there to enjoy
this special day with friends and family.
15

Sincerely Yours,
Signatures

ASKING PRICE AND BARGAINING


How to express
Asking Price
Can I Have .
Will you show me the other one/s ?
How much is it?
How much do they cost?
Seller
Buyer
Seller
Buyer
Seller

Bill :
Sales :
Bill :

Sales :

Bill :
Sales:

Bargaining
May I have the price cheaper?
Do you give me a discount for..

: Good morning, may I help you ?


: Do you have a second hand CPU and monitor ?
: Sure, you can take this for one million and fifty hundreds rupiahs
: Do you give discount for them
: Ill give you 10% off

Excuse me. May I see that laptop for a moment?


Sure. You mean this one?
No, the one on the left. Yes, thats the one. ... Thank you.
Its a state-of-the-art piece of equipment, sir. With a gigantic 16.1" UXGA TFT
screen, 2.8 Ghz mobile processor, generous 512 MB RAM, removable 80 GB hard
drive, convenient CD-RW/DVD combo drive, stunning fast graphics board with 64

MB DDR SDRAM, dual battery capability, integrated Fast Ethernet card, IEEE 1394
digital interface and eight USB ports, it has all the power of a desktop computer
packed into an ultra-slim notebook!
Thats impressive! Whats the sale price?
The regular price is $2980.00, but until December the 31st its on sale for just

$2,699.00.

EXPRESSION OF SATISFACTION AND DISSATISFACTION


Expressing satisfaction

Im really satisfied with .


How marvellous
Thats good
Im delighted
I have no complain about..
Im so happy about that
Im satisfied at .
How beautiful
16

Im glad with what youve done.


Its really satisfying.
Everything was satisfying.

Expressing dissatisfaction
Im not satisfied with .
Im really annoyed with..
I am bothered with
It isnt very nice.
Its really not good enough.
Im dissatisfied by .
Its dissatisfying.
Example :
Situation 1
You would like to establish the ATM card in a bank. You were promised to get in within 2
weeks. When you came to take it, the teller served you kindly.
Situation 2
You bought a new tape from the shop. It was okay but, when you took it home and
played it, it didnt work properly.
Dialogue 1
Robert
Tery
Robert
Tery
Robert
Tery
Robert
Tery

: How do you feel about this food?


: Wow.. I am very satisfied. Its very delicious.
: Yes, you are right. Would you have anymore?
: Yes, of course.
: I will take some for my younger sister. Shell be very happy.
: Yeah and I will take for my mom at home.
: OK. Lets go home. I never feel satisfied before.
: So am I.

EXPRESSION OF PERSUADING
How to express

Oh come on
Just this once
Go on
Dont be like that
Please!
Just for me
Just try?
Why dont you
Cant I persuade you

DIALOGUE 1
Seller : what can i do for you sir ?
Buyer : I want engine oil for my car. Do you have the good one ?
Seller : This is topper oil
Buyer : I dont think its good
17

Seller : Just try sir. You wont be disappointed


Buyer : Are you sure
DIALOGUE 2
Alia
: My school asks me to participate in the badminton championship. I think Im not
very well in badminton
Dedi : Oh, come on. I believe you can
Alia
: But Im not confident
Dedi : Youre not going to let me down, are you ?

ASKING OPINION
Asking for Opinions
What do you think?
What's your opinion?
What are your ideas?
Do you have any thoughts on that?
How do you feel about that?
Giving Opinions
I think we should get a new car.
I don't think we need one.
I believe (that) smoking should be outlawed.
I don't believe (that) it should be illegal.
In my opinion, Gone with the Breeze is the best movie ever made.
I feel that it's the right thing to do.
I don't feel that it's such a good idea.
Expression
What did you think of ( ... the movie)?
Do you concur with ( ...the board's
recommendations)?
What is your opinion of ( ... the presidents
proposed economic package)?
Do you agree with ( ... Pams proposal)?

Response
I thought it was boring.
Yes, but with minor reservations.
I dont think it will help the economy too much.
I cant say that I do, I think it will be ineffective.

After an opinion is given, either you agree with it or not. Look at the expressions below to
indicate agreement or disagreement.
Question/Statement
I think classical music is boring to listen to.
The president needs to raise taxes to solve
the problem.
Abortion is nothing less than murder.

I think the presidents economic policies are


good?
I think studying English is a waste of time.
I like this red dress. How about you?

Expression A- Agree, D- Disagree


A: You said it.
D: I couldnt disagree more.
A: I think youre right.
D: I dont think thats the answer at all.
A: I believe so too.
D: In my opinion, ( .. abortion is nothing more
than freedom of choice).
A: I'll go along with that.
D: Well, we dont see eye to eye on that.
A: I'm with you.
D: I beg to differ.
A: It works for me.
D: I dont really think (... that red is your color).
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GONE WITH THE WIND is the best movie


ever made

A: I'll buy that.


D: I disagree, (... STARS WARS was much better).

GIVING INSTRUCTION
Expression
How do you operate (...this can opener)?
Can you show me how to (...use this
copier)?
Do you know how to (... use this rice
cooker)?
How do I go about (... baking a cake)?

Response
First, put the can under that sharp wheel and push
that lever down.
After putting the paper under the cover, enter the
number of copies needed and then press start.
Sure, put 3 cups of dried rice in, add 2 cups of
water, and hit the start button.
Buy a box of cake mix and follow the instructions
on the back.

How to Make a Cup of Coffee


First you need to buy some coffee and a coffee maker.
Then you have to put the water into the bottom of the coffee maker.
You needn't boil the water, cold water is fine.
Next you have to put the coffee in the coffee compartment and screw the top of coffee maker
on.
After that you need to put the coffee pot onto the stove.
Then turn the stove on hight and wait. You don't have to move the coffee pot.
When the water boils and goes into the upper part of the pot you then have to remove the pot
from
the
heat.
Finally you pour some coffee into a cup, add sugar and milk and enjoy.
Asking for Instructions
How do you (do this)?
How do I . . . ?
What is the best way to . . . ?
How do I go about it?
What do you suggest?
How do you suggest I proceed?
What is the first step?
Giving Instructions
Sequencing
First, (you) . . .
Then, (you) . . .
Next, (you) . . .
Lastly, (you) . . .
Starting out
Before you begin, (you should . . .)
The first thing you do is . . . .
I would start by . . .
The best place to begin is . . .
To begin with,
Continuing
After that,
The next step is to . . .
The next thing you do is . . .
Once you've done that, then . . .
19

When you finish that, then . . .


Finishing
The last step is . . .
The last thing you do is . . .
In the end,
When you've finished,
When you've completed all the steps,

How to Make Tomato Soup


To make a bowl of tomato soup, you must prepare all ingredients below:

4 large tomatoes
spices
1 small onion
teaspoon of salt
8 cups of water
teaspoon of pepper
small clove garlic
teaspoon of butter

GIVING SUGGESTION
Making suggestions:

Lets revise our lessons.


What about going to the cinema tonight?
How about playing cards?
Why don't we do our homework?
Couldn't we invite your grandmother to our party?
Shall we have a walk along the river?
What would you say to a cup of coffee?
Don't you think it is a good idea to watch TV?
Does it matter if we use your car?

Accepting suggestions:

Ok. Yes, let's.


Yes, I'd like to.
Yes, I'd love to.
What a good idea!
Why not?
Yes, with pleasure.
Yes, I feel like taking a walk.
That sounds like a good idea.

Refusing suggestions:

No, let's not.


No, I'd rather not.
I don't feel like it.
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I dislike going for a walk.


What an awful / bad idea!

1.The verb "suggest" can be followed by either:


should + verb = I sggest (that) we should go to the theatre.
a verb (in the subjunctive form)= I suggest (that) we go to the theatre.

2."That" is optional:
"I suggest that we should go to the theatre."
"I suggest we should go to the theatre."

Dialogue:
Two friends talking about where to go this evening:
Alice:

You know Alan, why don't we go to the cinema to watch Titanic?

Alan:

No, let's not. We've seen the film many times before. What about going
to the library? We have to finish our school project!

Alice:
Alan:

That sounds like a good idea. But when we finish let's go to the caf.
Yes, I'd love to.

Suggested words:
Wh words
Wh word

(Usage)

Who
What
When
Where
Why
How
Which

(to inquire about person or people)


(to inquire about things)
(to inquire about times)
(to inquire about locations)
(to inquire about reasons)
(to inquire about manner)
(to inquire about a specific member of
a group)
Whom
(formal objective case for persons)
Whose
(to inquire about ownership)
How much (to inquire about amount)
How many (to inquire about number)
How long
(to inquire about duration of time)
How far
(to inquire about distance)
How often (to inquire about frequency)
How do you (to inquire about method)
What . . . do (to inquire about occupation)
(to inquire about activities)
What...for (to inquire about reason)
How come (informal: to ask for a reason)

(Example)
Who is that?
What is this?
When will you go?
Where will you be?
Why are you crying?
How did you do that?
Which one was it?
Whom do you seek?
Whose are these?
How much does it cost?
How many are there?
How long have you been here?
How far is it to the station?
How often do you come here?
How do you say it in English?
What do you do?
What did you do last night?
What did you do that for?
How come (I can't go)?

SHORT MESSAGES
Example of message 1
To

: Rika
21

Message :
Arni phoned you at 7 am while you were away. Please call him
Wulan

Example of message 2
To : mary
"Hi Mary, this is Josh from ABC Company. I have some questions regarding the financial data
you sent me yesterday. Can you give me a call back when you have time? My number is 555123-4567. Thank you."
EXERCISE
Write message you receive based on the situation below
Andy calls you. He wants to talk to your father. He wants to borrow his badminton racket.
Unfortunately, your father was still at his office. Thus, Andy leaves a message.

Dialogue 1
Caller 1
Caller 2
Caller 1
Caller 2
Caller 1
Caller 2
Caller 1
Caller 2
Caller 1
Caller 2
Caller 1
Caller 2
Caller 1
Caller 2
Caller 1
Caller 2
Caller 1
Caller 2
Caller 1

: Hello, this is Jane.


: Hello, this is Ken. May I speak with Andy?
: I'm afraid Andy isn't in at the moment.
: Could you take a message?
: Sure, just a moment let me get a pencil... OK.
: Great. Can you tell Andy that we're meeting tomorrow at three o'clock.
: OK ... three o'clock meeting with Ken. Does he know where the meeting is?
: Tell him we'll be meeting in the corner office downtown.
: Yes, corner office downtown. Is there anything else?
: I'll leave my telephone number just in case he doesn't have it.
: OK, I'm ready.
: Yes, my cell phone number is 439 908 7754.
: That's 439 808 7754.
: No, it's 439 908 7754.
: Ah, sorry.
: No problem. Thanks for your help.
: I'll make sure Andy sees this as soon as he gets in tonight.
: Thank you. Good bye.
: Good bye.

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