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TINGKATAN 4
BAHAGIAN A
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2
3
4
5

A
B
A
A
B

6
7
8
9
10

B
C
D
A
A

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12
13
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15

B
B
C
C
A

BAHAGIAN B
1)

## (a)(i) pressure/tekanan = 20 /(5 x 10-4) = 40 kPa.

(ii) weight of load/berat baban, W = 20 x (50/5) = 200 N.
(iii) distance moved/jarak yang dilalui = (5 x 4)/50 = 0.4 cm
(b) Pascals principle/Prinsip Pascal
(c) The pistons are frictionless.
2)

## (a)(i) mass per unit volume of a certain material.

jisim per unit isipadu
(ii) 7.5 x 1000 = 7500 kg m-3.
(b) (i) 5 x 10 x 20 = 1000 cm3
= 1000 x 10-6 m3
= 10-3 m3
(ii) weight = mass x acceleration due to gravity
= volume x density x acceleration due to gravity
berat = jisim x pecutan graviti
= Isipadu x ketumpatan x pecutan graviti
= 10-3 x 7500 x 10
= 75 N
(c )(i)

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19
20

C
D
C
C
E

(ii) Maximum pressure = weight of wooden block / area
tekanan maksimum = berat bungkah kayu / luas
= 75/(5 x 10-2 x 10 x 10-2)
= 1.5 x 104 N m-2.
3)

(a) When an object is partially or fully immersed in a fluid, the object experiences a
buoyant force that is equals to the weight of the fluid displaced.
Bila sebuah objek direndamkan separa atau sepenuhnya dalam cecair, objek itu akan
mengalami julangan yang sama dengan berat cecair yang disesarkan.
(b)(i)

(ii) 20 cm3
(iii) weight of block of wood
berat bungkah kayu
= (48 x 10-6)(800)(10) = 0.384 N
(iv) buoyant force/julangan = weight of wood = 0.384 N
BAHAGIAN C
1)

## a) Pascals principle states that the pressure applied to an enclosed fluid is

transmitted evenly throughout the fluid.
Prinsip Pascal menyatakan bahawa tekanan yang dikenakan dalam cecair yang
terperangkap dipindahkan dengan seragamnya ke seluruh cecair.
b) When the brake pedal is pressed, pressure exerted in the master cylinder is
transmitted via the hydraulic fluid to the wheel cylinder thus forcing the brake
shoe to function to slow down the car. When the pressure on the foot pedal is
released, the spring forces the piston back into the wheel cylinder, thereby
terminating the contact between the brake shoe and the wheel.
Bila pedal brek ditekan, tekanan dikenakan dalam silinder utama dan
dipindahkan menerusi cecair hidraulik ke silinder roda menyebabkan kasut brek
berfungsi memperlahankan kereta. Apabila tekanan pada pedal kaki dilepaskan,
spring menarik omboh balik ke dalam silinder roda, menyebabkan sentuhan
antara kasut brek dan roda dimatikan.
(c)

(i) rate of wear and tear low so that the brake shoe can last longer. Melting
point high so that the brake shoe doesnt soften when in use. Coefficient of
friction high so that the braking is effective. Specific heat capacity high so
that the temperature of the brake show will not increase dramatically.