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MecaStack Version

5.2.5.5

Reference No.:
Date
: September 07, 2015
Designed by :

Copyright 2013
Meca Enterprises Inc.
www.mecaenterprises.com

FileLocation : D:\Projects\UNICOL DM.12225\Project Data\UNICOL\Stack Desk Work\MASTER FOODS


12 m.Stk

ANALYSIS TYPE:
* Linear Static Analysis
* Stress analysis based upon Allowable Stress Design
STACK GEOMETRY:
Total Stack Height
Grade Elevation

=
=

12.000 m
0.000 m

Top of Stack Elevation


=
Bottom of Stack Elevation =

12.000 m
0.000 m

All elevations are based upon the bottom of stack being at 0 m


INSIDE DIAMETERS
Elevation
Diameter
(m )
(mm)
---------------12.0000
660.0

STACK THICKNESS
Elevation
Thickness
(m)
(mm)
----------------12.00
6.0
6.00
6.0

CORROSION ALLOWANCE
Elevation
Cor. Allow
(m)
(mm)
-----------------12.00
1.0

MATERIAL:
Elev
m
-----12.00

Material
--------------A-36

Temp
Deg. C
-------180
20

REFRACTORY/INSULATION:
Description
Top El
m
------------------- -------insulation
3.00
cladding
3.00

Fyld
MPa
------215.39
248.21

Bot El
m
-------0.10
0.10

Elas Mod
MPa
-------191427
202018

Thick
mm
------100.0
1.0

Alpha
mm/mm/C
---------1.22E-5
1.22E-5

Dens
kg/m^3
-------120
7850

Allow Strs
MPa
---------114.45
114.45

Density
kg/m^3
------7849.0
7849.0

Location

Support

---------External
External

---------Linear
Linear

(1) Internal - adds weight only


External - adds Wt + wind area.(Add 80% to Wt for seal, jacket & moisture)
(2) Support of refractory dead load:
Linear - Wt evenly distributed along stack
Bottom - Wt is supported at bottom refractory elevation
Other - Wt supported at the elevation entered in the 'Sup El' field
STIFFENING RINGS:
Elevation
m
--------10.00
5.00

Stiffener
--------Flat Bar:
Flat Bar:

8.000 mm thick x 70 mm deep


8.000 mm thick x 70 mm deep

Note: Stiffeners for Breech openings included under breech


HELICAL STRAKES: (3 Vanes 120 deg apart assumed)
Top Strake Elevation
Bottom Strake Elevation
Strake Pitch (One complete wrap)
Strake Width
Strake Thickness
Strake Shape Factor (Applied to bare stack shell)
External Insulation Thickness
Stand-off from OD of shell to strake
Total Length of Strakes (all 3 vanes)

= 12.00 m
= 10.00 m
=
3.38 m
= 67.600 mm
= 3.0000 mm
= 1.40
= 0.0000
=
0.000 mm
= 12.61 m

Total Painted Area of Strakes (all 3 vanes)


Total Number of Wraps (Top elev - Bot elev)/ Pitch
Estimated Linear Weight of Strakes and Clips
Estimated total Weight of Strakes and Clips

=
=
=
=

BASEPLATE:
Ds:
Outer Diameter of Stack at Base
Di:
Inside Diameter of Baseplate
Dbc: Bolt Circle Diameter
Do:
Outside Diameter of Baseplate
Tb:
Thickness of Bottom Plate
Fw:
Fillet Welds
Db:
Nominal Bolt Diameter
Dbh: Diameter of Bolt Hole
Nb:
Number of Bolts
Fu:
Ultimate Bolt Tensile Stress
CA:
Total Corrosion Allowance for Bolts and Baseplate
Ec:
Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete

1.0 m ^2
0.59
8.9 kg/m
18 kg

= 672.0 mm
= 630.0 mm
= 770.0 mm
= 860.0 mm
=
22.0 mm
=
5.0 mm
=
20.0 mm
=
23.0 mm
=
8
= 861850 KPa
= 0.0000 mm
= 20684400.0E+

KPa
Fc:
Fy:
Es:

Allowable Compressive Stress of Concrete


Yield Stress of Baseplate Material
Modulus of Elasticity of Baseplate

= 30000 KPa
= 215394 KPa
= 191000000.0E+

Dens:
u:
Ngus:
hg:
tg:

Density of Baseplate
Poisons Ratio for Baseplate Material
Number of Gussets per Bolt
Height of Gusset
Thickness of Gusset

= 7849.0 kg/m^3
= 0.30
= 1
= 165.0 mm
=
12.0 mm

KPa

DAMPING CALCULATIONS:
Structural Damping Criteria:
Bs
: 0.0020

Manually Entered by User

Log Decrement Damp : 0.0126


Aerodynamic Damping Criteria: ASME STS-1-2011
DESIGN CODES:
OVERALL DESIGN CODE:
ALLOWABLE STRESS CODE:
DEFLECTION LIMITS:

ASME STS-1-2011 'Steel Stack Design'


ASME STS-1-2011 'Steel Stack Design'
Ht/133 =
90.2 mm

FATIGUE:
Design Code
: American Institute of Steel Construction ASD 9th Ed.
Fatigue Life
: 20 Years
Number of Cycles:
Calculated per ASME STS-1-2011 Appendix E-5
Stress Category : C
VORTEX SHEDDING CODE:
Stack Arrangement

ASME STS-1-2011
: SINGLE

ALONG WIND CODE:


ASCE 7-05
Wind Speed
: 44.0 m/s
Exposure
: C
Structural Category
: 2
Importance Factor
: 1
Shape Factor (Piping D*qz^0.5 > 2.5)
Shape Factor (Piping D*qz^0.5 < 2.5)
Shape Factor (L&P's)
Stack Enclosed to Elev
Stack Elev above Grade

: 0.700
: 1.200
: 2.000
:
0.0 m
:
0.0 m

SEISMIC CODE:
Uniform Building Code 1997
Seismic Zone
: 2B
Site Coefficient
: SC
Importance Factor
: 1.25
Rw
: 2.9
Seismic Source Type
: A

(No wind below this elev)


(used for gust calculations)

Closest Dist to Source : 15KM


PRESSURE:
Elevation
m
--------12.00
Note:

Pressure
KPa
-------5.00

Joint Eff Circum

Joint Eff Longitudinal

---------------0.850

---------------------0.850

It is recommended that a complete pressure vessel design be performed using


a pressure vessel code. MecaStack only checks hoop and longitudinal stresses
and combines wind/seismic, dead loads, and thermal.
Weight Detail
Breakdown of Weight by Component

Cylindrical Shells (Wt =


El Top
m
------12.00
6.00

El Bot
m
-------6.00
0.00

1174 kg, El COG =

El COG
m
-------9.000
3.000

OD
m
-------0.669
0.666

6.01 m , Corroded Wt =

Thk
mm
-------6.0000
6.0000

Density
kg/m^3
--------7849
7849

980 lbs)

Linear Wt
kg/m
----------98.1
97.6

Weight
kg
-------589
586

Note: Conical Sections show equivalent Diameter that gives same uncorroded weight
Stiffening Rings (Wt =

24 kg, El COG =

7.50 m )

Description

Elev
m
------10.00
5.00

----------------------------------------------Flat Bar: 8.000 mm thick x 70 mm deep


Flat Bar: 8.000 mm thick x 70 mm deep
Refractory (Wt =
Description

236 kg, El COG =

Weight
kg
-------12
12

1.55 m )

El Top El Bot El COG


m
m
m

Thick
mm

Dens
kg/m^3

OD
mm

ID
mm

Lin Wt
kg/m

Weight
kg

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------insulation
3.00
0.10
1.55
100.
120 863.000 663.000
51.8
150
cladding
3.00
0.10
1.55 1.000
7850 665.000 663.000
29.5
85
Baseplate (Wt =

56 kg, El COG =

Description
-------------------------------Bottom Plate
Top Plate
Gussets
Washers

0.02 m )
El COG
m
------0.01
0.15
0.08
0.08

Weight
kg
-------46
0
8
1

Weight Summary
Summary of Weight by Component
Component
------------------------------------Cylinders (Corroded Wt =
980 lbs)
Stiffening Rings
Refractory
Helical Strakes
Baseplate
------------------------------------Total

Elev COG
m
---------6.01
7.50
1.55
11.00
0.02
---------5.17

Weight
kg
-------1174
24
236
18
56
-------1507

WIND AREA SUMMARY


Elev
m
------12.00
10.00
7.00
6.00
5.00
3.00
0.17
0.10

Riser
m
------0.94
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.55
0.55
0.44

Ladder
m
-------0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Platform
m
---------0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Piping
m
-------0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Attachment
m
-----------0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.30
1.28

Ext Loads
m
----------0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Total
m
------0.94
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.55
1.85
1.72

Notes:
* All areas include appropriate shape factors
* Any wind area due to external insulation/refractory included in Riser
* Area for Helical Strakes is included in Riser column
STACK SECTION PROPERTIES
Properties calculated based upon corroded stack
Top El Bot El
D
Thick
r
Area
Z
Smod
Imom
m
m
m
mm
mm
cm^2
cm^3
cm^3
cm^4
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------12.00
10.00
0.67200 5.0000
235.827
104.75
2224.48
1734.17 58263.79
10.00
7.00
0.67000 5.0000
235.120
104.43
2211.16
1723.74 57741.26
7.00
6.00
0.66700 5.0000
234.059
103.96
2191.25
1708.17 56963.36
6.00
5.00
0.66600 5.0000
233.706
103.80
2184.64
1702.99 56705.61
5.00
3.00
0.66500 5.0000
233.352
103.65
2178.03
1697.83 56448.65
3.00
0.17
0.66300 5.0000
232.645
103.33
2164.85
1687.51 55937.07
0.17
0.10
0.66017 5.0000
231.643
193.11
2146.24
2814.95 119368.60
0.10
0.00
0.66010 5.0000
231.620
193.09
2145.81
2814.52 119341.20
THERMAL EXPANSION OF STACK
+ values are in the +Y (up) direction and - values are in the -Y (Down)
Elev
Temperature HOT
Expansion HOT
Temperature COLD
Expansion COLD
m
Deg. C
mm
Deg. C
mm
------ ----------------- --------------- ------------------ ---------------12.00
180.0
23.42
20.0
0.00
10.00
180.0
19.52
20.0
0.00
7.00
180.0
13.66
20.0
0.00
6.00
180.0
11.71
20.0
0.00
5.00
180.0
9.76
20.0
0.00
3.00
180.0
5.86
20.0
0.00
0.17
180.0
0.32
20.0
0.00
0.10
180.0
0.20
20.0
0.00
0.00
180.0
0.00
20.0
0.00
Elevation for Y restraint
=
0.00 m
Installation Reference Tempeature = 20.0 Deg. C
FREQUENCY SUMMARY
Mode
Number
------1

Hot &
Corroded
---------3.97

Hot &
Uncorroded
-----------4.34

Cold &
Corroded
---------4.08

Cold &
Uncorroded
-----------4.46

Minimum Frequency = 3.97 Hz


Mode Shape (Natural Frequency =
3.97 Hz)
The Modes have been normalized and values shown are for stack Hot and Corroded
Elev
m
------12.00
10.00
7.00
6.00
5.00

Mode 1
------1.000
-0.769
-0.437
-0.336
-0.243

3.00
0.17
0.10
0.00

-0.094
-0.000
-0.000
0.000
CALCULATE AERODYNAMIC DAMPING PER STS
Aero damping used only for Along Wind, not for Across Wind (Vortex Shedding)
Cf
Rho

: Riser Shape Factor


: Density of Air at Altitude

= 0.6605
= 1.22700

D
Zb
Vzm
Zcr
Vzcr
ma
n1
Ba
Bs
B

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

= 0.671 m
=
7.20 m
= 27.17 m/s
= 10.00 m
= 28.57 m/s
=
98.54 kg/m
=
3.97 Hz
= 0.0030
= 0.0020
= 0.0050

kg/m^3
Upper 1/3 of Stack Mean Diameter
Equivalent height of stack: 0.6*(Stack Ht+Base Dist)
Mean Hourly wind speed
(5 / 6) * Stack Ht
Mean Hourly design speed @ Zcr
Average Upper 1/3 of Stack Weight (Values below)
Natural Frequency
Aerodynamic Damping: Cf*Rho*d*Vzm/(4*PI*ma*n1)
Structural Damping
Total Damping: Ba + Bs

ASME STS-1-2011 Wind Loads


The lowest nat freq for stack is > 1 Hz, so stack is not a flexible structure
Wind Speed
Structure Category
Importance Factor
Structure Depth
Stack Elev Above Grade
Damping Coeff. (beta)

= 44.00 m/s
Natural Frequency
=
3.97 Hz
= II
Exposure Category
=
C
=
1.00 Structure Height
= 12.00 m
=
0.72 m
Structure Width
=
0.72 m
=
0.00 m
Stack Enclosed to Elev =
0.00 m
= 0.0050

TABLE 6-2 VALUES:


ATri
Amean
C
Zmin

0.105
0.154
0.200
15.000

Zmean :
Izm
:
Lzmean:
Q
:
G1
:
G
:
z

=
=
=
=

Btri
Bmean
Epsilon

= 1.000
= 0.650
= 0.200

.6 * h
c * (33 / Zmean) ^ (1 / 6)
l * (Zmean / 33) ^ eps
Sqr(1/(1+.63*((b+h)/Lzmean)^.63))
.925*((1+1.7*3.4*Izmean*Q)/(1+1.7*3.4*Izmean))
Lessor of G1 or 0.85
G

Kz

Qz

wm

wd

=
=
=
=
=
=
Cf Riser

23.6
0.211
467.7
0.938
0.893
0.850

Cf Pipe1

Pipe2
m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
D*Qz^.5>2.5
D*Qz^.5<=2.5
------- ----- ----- -------- -------- -------- -------- ---------- ---------------------12.00 0.85 1.02 1212.67
47.72
46.42
94.13
1.40
0.70
1.20
10.00 0.85 0.97 1148.61
21.26
38.68
59.94
0.66
0.70
1.20
7.00 0.85 0.91 1085.53
20.02
27.08
47.10
0.66
0.70
1.20
6.00 0.85 0.88 1048.02
19.30
23.21
42.51
0.66
0.70
1.20
5.00 0.85 0.83
980.06
18.03
19.34
37.37
0.66
0.70
0.70
3.00 0.85 0.85 1008.03
23.27
11.60
34.88
0.64
0.70
1.20
0.17 0.85 0.85 1008.03
77.95
0.64
78.59
0.64
0.70
1.20
0.10 0.85 0.85 1008.03
72.51
0.39
72.90
0.66
0.70
1.20
Definitions:
DQ = D*Qz^0.5
Qz = qz * Kz * Kzt

(Kzt = 1.0)

Cf

wm = Mean Along wind load on stack: Cf*qz*Kz*D / (1+6.8*Izbar)


Mo = Moment due to Mean Along Wind Load = 15 KN-m
wd = Fluctuating Along Wind Load: (3*Z*Mo/h^3)*((Gf*(1+6.8*Izbar))-1)
w = wm + wd SUMMARY OF WIND LOADS APPLIED TO STACK
Applied using criteria for mean and dyanmic wind load in ASME STS-1-2011
Top
Bot
Mean Load
Dynamic Load
Total Load
EL
EL
N
N
N
-------------------------------------------12.00
10.00
936
910
1846
10.00
7.00
626
1138
1764
7.00
6.00
196
266
462
6.00
5.00
189
228
417
5.00
3.00
354
379
733
3.00
0.17
647
323
970
0.17
0.10
50
0
50
0.10
0.00
71
0
71
-------------------------------------------Total
3069
3245
6313
UBC 1997 Seismic Analysis
All seismic loads are based upon the lowest period calculated.
Seismic Zone
Soil Profile Type
Importance Factor
R Factor

=
2B
=
SC
= 1.250
= 2.900

Static Force Procedure (Full Method):


-----------------------------------Z =
Seismic Coefficient Ca =
Seismic Coefficient Cv =

=
=
=

Period of Vibration (T)

W
V
Vmax
Vmin

=
=
=
=

Structure Weight
(Cv * I * W)/(R * T)
2.5 * Ca * I * W / R
0.11 * Ca * I * W

=
=
=
=

1507 kg
926 kg
389 kg
49 kg

0.200
0.240
0.320
0.224 Sec

(Eq 30-4)
(Eq 30-5)
(Eq 30-6)

Correction for Non-Building Structures :


Vmin = 0.56 * Ca * I * W = 253 kg
(Eq 34-2)
Final Base Shear

= 389 kg

Since T <= 0.7 ,


Ft =0 kg
SUMMARY OF SEISMIC LOADS APPLIED TO STACK Joint
Elev
-----12.00
10.00
7.00
6.00
5.00
3.00
0.17
0.10
0.00
-----TOTAL

Joint Wt
N
---------1050
2610
1924
960
1553
3445
2651
378
213
---------14783

Ratio*
-------0.165
0.341
0.176
0.075
0.102
0.135
0.006
0.000
0.000
-------1.000

X Direction
Seismic Shear
N
--------------630
1304
673
288
388
516
22
2
0
--------------3823

Ratio
= (Jt Weight) * (Ht) / Summation
Summation = Summation Over Stack: (Jt Weight) * (Ht) = 56417
VORTEX SHEDDING SUMMARY
ASME STS-1-2011
Mode #

Configuration

Frequency
Hz

Crit Wind Speed


m/s

Scruton
Number

-----1
1
1
1

---------------------Hot & Corroded


Hot & UnCorroded
Cold & Corroded
Cold & UnCorroded

----------3.97
4.34
4.08
4.46

----------------14.2
15.5
14.6
16.0

--------4.132
4.132
4.132
4.132

* indicates the worst case


No deflection limit has been specified.
Helical Strake Criteria
The following explains the rationale behind how Strakes are handled in MecaStack
Helical Strakes have been specified, and so no further checks will be performed for
vortex shedding, because the design codes provide no guidance on how to quantify
the effectiveness of helical strakes. The additional wind drag due to the addition
of the strakes is considered, using the shape factor entered by the user; however,
determining the effectiveness of the strake to suppress vibration, is up to the
Designer.
The design codes assume that if properly designed, the helical strakes will suppress
the wind induced vibration to an acceptable level. Generally the following
guidelines are suggested for helical strake design/application:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)

3 Continuous Strakes, 120 Degrees apart, over the top 1/3 of the stack height
Pitch of Strakes is 5 times the Outer Diameter of Stack
Strake should project one tenth of Outer Diameter, perpendicular to Shell
Breaks allowed at stiffening rings and attachments, but should be minimized
Maximum gap between stack shell and strake should be 0.1*Strake Width
Segments of flat vertical straks at helical locations are NOT acceptable.
Strakes to be applied to the top 1/3 of the stack.
Not to be used when interference from another tall structure is less than 15 x OD
SUMMARY OF PRIMARY LOADS
Abbreviations are used in Load Combinations
Number
------1
2
3
4
5
6

Description
-----------------------------------------DEAD
LIVE
OPERATING
THERMAL HOT
WIND X Dir
SEISMIC X Dir

Abbreviation
-------------D
L
OP
TH
W
S

* Dir shown is for wind, but vortex shedding forces acting perpendicular to this dir.
SUMMARY OF LOAD COMBINATIONS AND LOAD FACTORS
Column Abreviations can be found in Primary Load Table
Num

Description

Dir
Deg

FS

OP

TH

PT

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7
Wind Comb Hot w Live
0
1.5
1 0.75
1
1
1 0.75
8
Wind Comb Hot no Live
0
1.5
1
1
1
1
1
9
Seismic Comb Hot
0
1.5
1
1
1
1
1
0.7

FS = Factor of Safety used in Conjunction with Allowable Stress Basis Selected


Dir = Direction of Lateral Loads (Wind/Seismic/Vortex), 0 Deg=+X axis, 90 Deg=+Z Axis
These load combinations were manually entered by the user.
P = Internal Pressure (Doesn't produce support loads only used for stack tensile
stress)
ALLOWABLE STRESS SUMMARY FOR STACK PER ASME STS-1-2011
FS is 1.0 for this summary, but each Load Combination uses the FS entered by user
Bot El

Le

Ls

t/D

2.8*

10*

Fy/E

Fy/E

Le/r

Ks

Eqn

Scc

Scl

MPa

MPa

Sbl
m
MPa

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------10.00 24.0
4.5 0.0074 0.0032 0.0113 0.762 101.8 0.22 0.57
4.9 13.491 153.17
201.09
7.00 24.0
4.5 0.0075 0.0032 0.0113 0.760 102.1 0.22 0.56
4.9 13.482 152.96
201.26
6.00 24.0
5.0 0.0075 0.0032 0.0113 0.758 102.5 0.21 0.56
4.9 12.122 152.65
201.51
5.00 24.0
5.0 0.0075 0.0032 0.0113 0.757 102.7 0.21 0.56
4.9 12.118 152.54
201.59
3.00 24.0
5.0 0.0075 0.0032 0.0113 0.756 102.8 0.21 0.56
4.9 12.114 152.43
201.67
0.17 24.0
5.0 0.0075 0.0032 0.0113 0.754 103.2 0.21 0.56
4.9 12.106 152.21
201.84
0.10 24.0
2.5 0.0076 0.0032 0.0113 0.752 103.6 0.21 0.56
4.9 24.188 151.90
202.07
0.00 24.0
2.5 0.0076 0.0032 0.0113 0.752 103.6 0.21 0.56
4.9 24.187 151.89
202.08
Le =
t =
Fy =
Y =
Ks =
Scl=

Effective length of Stack


Ls = Effective Dist between Stiff rings
Corroded Thickness of Stack
D = Outer Diameter of Stack
Hot Yield Stress of Stack
E = Hot Modulus of Elasticity of Stack
Coefficient for Long Comp Stress
r = Radius of Gyration
Factor for Long Comp Stress
Scc= Allow Circumferntial Stress (Eqn 4-12)
Allow Longitudinal Compress stress
Sbl = Allow Long Comp and Bending (Y = 1)
SUMMARY OF OVALING VIBRATION PER ASME STS-1-2011
Ref. Para 5.2.2(b), if Vco<Vzm= 27.2 m/s then Stiffeners Req'd

Top El Bot El
Result
m
m

Ls

mm

mm

Lmax
m

Fo
Hz

Vco

Lined

m/s

Smin

Sact

mm^3

Explanation

mm^3

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12.0
10.0 672.0 5.000
4.5
0.0 27.54 46.3
NO
3642.6
0.00 OK, Vco>Vzm
PASS
10.0
5.0 667.0 5.000
5.0
0.0 27.95 46.6
NO
4047.3
0.00 OK, Vco>Vzm
PASS
5.0
0.0 665.0 5.000
2.5
0.0 28.12 46.8
NO
4047.3
0.00 OK, Vco>Vzm
PASS
Ls = Sum of 1/2 of Dist on each side of Ring

Lmax= Max Stiff Spacing per Table 4.4.7-

1
Vco= Oval Crit Wind Speed: Fo*D/2*0.2
Vzm= Mean Hourly Windspeed from ASCE 7
Lining= Lined (2 in @ 100 pcf) or Unlined
Fo = Oval Nat Freq: 680*t/D^2
Smin= Req'd Ring Sec Modulus (Eqn 5-7)
Sact= Actual Ring Sec Modulus
The Mininimum Stiffener Spacing Critiera from Table 4.4.7-1 has been overriden.
SUMMARY OF CIRCUMFERENTIAL STIFFENING RINGS
Check stiffening rings per STS
Type

Elev

Ls

Sccs

As+p

Areqd

Is+p

Ireqd

Ss+p

Sreqd

MPa

cm^2

cm^2

cm^4

cm^4

cm^3

cm^3

Result
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------RING
10.00
4.5 1651.3
9.598 0.121 55.758 0.059 11.015 1.470
Pass
RING
5.00
5.0 1676.3
9.598 0.083 55.758 0.040 11.015 1.010
Pass
BASE
0.00
2.5 118.13 25.294 0.290 10.204 0.010
9.277 0.248
Pass
Ls = Sum of 1/2 of Distances on each side of Stiffening Ring
As+p = Combined area of Stiffener and Shell (Width = 8xthk)
Is+p = Combined Moment of Inertia of Stiffener and Shell (Width = 8xthk)
Ss+p = Combined Section Modulus of Stiffener and Shell (Width = 8xthk)
Sccs = Allowable circumferential stress in stiffener
Areqd = Req'd Area Ireqd = Req'd Mom of Inertia Sreqd = Req'd Sec Modulus
FS
= Factor of Safety (ASD Design) = 1.5
Base of stack treated as a stiffener with properties considered of baseplate.
STACK COMPRESSIVE STRESSES PER ASME STS-1-2011, Load # 7

Load Combination # 7 Wind Comb Hot w Live 0 Deg, FS = 1.5


Bot El
Result
m

Shear
KN

Moment
KN-m

Vert

fa

fb

fc

Scc

Scl

Sbl

KN

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

Case1 Case3 Case4

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------10.00
0.69
1.40
1.05
0.10
0.81 0.066 8.994 102.12 134.06 0.00 0.01 0.01
PASS
7.00
2.05
7.53
3.66
0.35
4.37 0.089 8.988 101.98 134.17 0.00 0.01 0.04
PASS
6.00
2.88
10.40
5.58
0.54
6.09 0.070 8.081 101.76 134.34 0.01 0.01 0.05
PASS
5.00
3.21
13.61
6.54
0.63
7.99 0.063 8.079 101.69 134.39 0.01 0.01 0.06
PASS
3.00
3.64
20.90
8.10
0.78 12.31 0.055 8.076 101.62 134.45 0.01 0.01 0.10
PASS
0.17
4.28
33.03 11.54
1.12 19.57 0.041 8.070 101.48 134.56 0.01 0.01 0.15
PASS
0.10
4.66
33.33 14.19
0.73 11.84 0.028 16.1 101.27 134.72 0.01 0.00 0.09
PASS
0.00
4.73
33.80 14.78
0.77 12.01 0.027 16.1 101.26 134.72 0.01 0.00 0.09
PASS
fa
= Axial Comp Stress fb
= Bending Stress
fc
= Circ Stress
Scc = Allow Circ Stress Scl = Allow Comp Stress
Sbl = Allow Bend Comp Stress
Case1*= fa/Scl
Case3= fc / Scc
Case4= (fa+fb)/Sbl + (fc/Scc)^2
*If Section is governed by AISC, then Case1 = fa / Scl + fb / Sbl
Case value are a maximum of unity, Case 2 not checked since Case 4 always higher.
STACK COMPRESSIVE STRESSES PER ASME STS-1-2011, Load # 8
Load Combination # 8 Wind Comb Hot no Live 0 Deg, FS = 1.5
Bot El
Result
m

Shear
KN

Moment
KN-m

Vert

fa

fb

fc

Scc

Scl

Sbl

KN

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

Case1 Case3 Case4

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------10.00
0.92
1.87
1.05
0.10
1.08 0.066 8.994 102.12 134.06 0.00 0.01 0.01
PASS
7.00
2.73
10.04
3.66
0.35
5.82 0.089 8.988 101.98 134.17 0.00 0.01 0.05
PASS
6.00
3.84
13.87
5.58
0.54
8.12 0.070 8.081 101.76 134.34 0.01 0.01 0.06
PASS
5.00
4.28
18.15
6.54
0.63 10.66 0.063 8.079 101.69 134.39 0.01 0.01 0.08
PASS
3.00
4.86
27.86
8.10
0.78 16.41 0.055 8.076 101.62 134.45 0.01 0.01 0.13
PASS
0.17
5.71
44.04 11.54
1.12 26.10 0.041 8.070 101.48 134.56 0.01 0.01 0.20
PASS
0.10
6.22
44.44 14.19
0.73 15.79 0.028 16.1 101.27 134.72 0.01 0.00 0.12
PASS
0.00
6.31
45.07 14.78
0.77 16.01 0.027 16.1 101.26 134.72 0.01 0.00 0.12
PASS
fa
= Axial Comp Stress fb
= Bending Stress
fc
= Circ Stress
Scc = Allow Circ Stress Scl = Allow Comp Stress
Sbl = Allow Bend Comp Stress
Case1*= fa/Scl
Case3= fc / Scc
Case4= (fa+fb)/Sbl + (fc/Scc)^2
*If Section is governed by AISC, then Case1 = fa / Scl + fb / Sbl
Case value are a maximum of unity, Case 2 not checked since Case 4 always higher.
STACK COMPRESSIVE STRESSES PER ASME STS-1-2011, Load # 9
Load Combination # 9 Seismic Comb Hot 0 Deg, FS = 1.5
Bot El
Result
m

Shear
KN

Moment
KN-m

Vert

fa

fb

fc

Scc

Scl

Sbl

KN

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

Case1 Case3 Case4

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

10.00

0.44

0.88

1.05

0.10

0.51 0.066 8.994 102.12 134.06

0.00

0.01

0.00

7.00

1.35

4.94

3.66

0.35

2.87 0.089 8.988 101.98 134.17

0.00

0.01

0.02

6.00

1.82

6.77

5.58

0.54

3.96 0.070 8.081 101.76 134.34

0.01

0.01

0.03

5.00

2.03

8.79

6.54

0.63

5.16 0.063 8.079 101.69 134.39

0.01

0.01

0.04

3.00

2.30

13.39

8.10

0.78

7.89 0.055 8.076 101.62 134.45

0.01

0.01

0.06

0.17

2.66

20.93

11.54

1.12

12.40 0.041 8.070 101.48 134.56

0.01

0.01

0.10

0.10

2.67

21.10

14.19

0.73

7.50 0.028

16.1 101.27 134.72

0.01

0.00

0.06

0.00

2.68

21.37

14.78

0.77

7.59 0.027

16.1 101.26 134.72

0.01

0.00

0.06

PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
fa
= Axial Comp Stress fb
= Bending Stress
fc
= Circ Stress
Scc = Allow Circ Stress Scl = Allow Comp Stress
Sbl = Allow Bend Comp Stress
Case1*= fa/Scl
Case3= fc / Scc
Case4= (fa+fb)/Sbl + (fc/Scc)^2
*If Section is governed by AISC, then Case1 = fa / Scl + fb / Sbl
Case value are a maximum of unity, Case 2 not checked since Case 4 always higher.
SUMMARY STACK COMPRESSIVE STRESSES PER ASME STS-1-2011, WORST CASES
Highest unity ratios for each member and the load case that produces it.
Bot El
Result
m

Moment
KN-m

Vert

fa

fb

fc

Scc

Scl

Sbl

KN

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

Case1 Case3 Case4 Load

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------10.00
1.87
1.05
0.10
1.08 0.066 8.994 102.12 134.06 0.00 0.01 0.01
8
PASS
7.00
10.04
3.66
0.35
5.82 0.089 8.988 101.98 134.17 0.00 0.01 0.05
8
PASS
6.00
13.87
5.58
0.54
8.12 0.070 8.081 101.76 134.34 0.01 0.01 0.06
8
PASS
5.00
18.15
6.54
0.63 10.66 0.063 8.079 101.69 134.39 0.01 0.01 0.08
8
PASS
3.00
27.86
8.10
0.78 16.41 0.055 8.076 101.62 134.45 0.01 0.01 0.13
8
PASS
0.17
44.04 11.54
1.12 26.10 0.041 8.070 101.48 134.56 0.01 0.01 0.20
8
PASS
0.10
44.44 14.19
0.73 15.79 0.028 16.1 101.27 134.72 0.01 0.00 0.12
8
PASS
0.00
45.07 14.78
0.77 16.01 0.027 16.1 101.26 134.72 0.01 0.00 0.12
8
PASS
fa
= Axial Comp Stress fb
= Bending Stress
fc
= Circ Stress
Scc = Allow Circ Stress Scl = Allow Comp Stress
Sbl = Allow Bend Comp Stress
Case1*= fa/Scl
Case3= fc / Scc
Case4= (fa+fb)/Sbl + (fc/Scc)^2
*If Section is governed by AISC, then Case1 = fa / Scl + fb / Sbl
Case value are a maximum of unity, Case 2 not checked since Case 4 always higher.
STACK TENSILE STRESS LOAD # 7
Load Combination # 7 Wind Comb Hot w Live, Pressure Load Factor = 1
Top El Bot El
fa
fb
fpl
fpc
Sa
ft
Circ
Long Result
m
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------ ------ -----12.00
10.00
0.10
0.81
0.19
0.39 114.45
0.90
0.00
0.01 PASS
10.00
7.00
0.35
4.37
0.19
0.39 114.45
4.21
0.00
0.04 PASS
7.00
6.00
0.54
6.09
0.19
0.39 114.45
5.75
0.00
0.05 PASS
6.00
5.00
0.63
7.99
0.19
0.39 114.45
7.56
0.00
0.07 PASS
5.00
3.00
0.78
12.31
0.19
0.39 114.45
11.72
0.00
0.10 PASS
3.00
0.17
1.12
19.57
0.19
0.39 114.45
18.65
0.00
0.16 PASS
0.17
0.10
0.73
11.84
0.19
0.39 114.45
11.30
0.00
0.10 PASS
0.10
0.00
0.77
12.01
0.19
0.39 114.45
11.44
0.00
0.10 PASS
fa
fpl

= Axial Compressive Stress


= Long Stress due to Press

fb = Bending Stress
fpc = Circ Tensile Stress

ft = Tensile: fpl+fb-fa

Long = Long Tensile Ratio: ft/Sa Circ = Circ Stress Ratio: fpc/Sa
The unity ratios for tensile stress use the entered allowable tensile stress (Sa)
and the factor of safety entered for the load combination is not used for this ratio.
A negative (-) value for ft indicates that the shell will never be in tension.
STACK TENSILE STRESS LOAD # 8
Load Combination # 8 Wind Comb Hot no Live, Pressure Load Factor = 1
Top El Bot El
fa
fb
fpl
fpc
Sa
ft
Circ
Long Result
m
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------ ------ -----12.00
10.00
0.10
1.08
0.19
0.39 114.45
1.17
0.00
0.01 PASS
10.00
7.00
0.35
5.82
0.19
0.39 114.45
5.67
0.00
0.05 PASS
7.00
6.00
0.54
8.12
0.19
0.39 114.45
7.78
0.00
0.07 PASS
6.00
5.00
0.63
10.66
0.19
0.39 114.45
10.22
0.00
0.09 PASS
5.00
3.00
0.78
16.41
0.19
0.39 114.45
15.82
0.00
0.14 PASS
3.00
0.17
1.12
26.10
0.19
0.39 114.45
25.17
0.00
0.22 PASS
0.17
0.10
0.73
15.79
0.19
0.39 114.45
15.24
0.00
0.13 PASS
0.10
0.00
0.77
16.01
0.19
0.39 114.45
15.44
0.00
0.13 PASS
fa
= Axial Compressive Stress
fb = Bending Stress
ft = Tensile: fpl+fb-fa
fpl = Long Stress due to Press
fpc = Circ Tensile Stress
Long = Long Tensile Ratio: ft/Sa Circ = Circ Stress Ratio: fpc/Sa
The unity ratios for tensile stress use the entered allowable tensile stress (Sa)
and the factor of safety entered for the load combination is not used for this ratio.
A negative (-) value for ft indicates that the shell will never be in tension.
STACK TENSILE STRESS LOAD # 9
Load Combination # 9 Seismic Comb Hot, Pressure Load Factor = 1
Top El Bot El
fa
fb
fpl
fpc
Sa
ft
Circ
Long Result
m
m
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------ ------ -----12.00
10.00
0.10
0.51
0.19
0.39 114.45
0.60
0.00
0.01 PASS
10.00
7.00
0.35
2.87
0.19
0.39 114.45
2.71
0.00
0.02 PASS
7.00
6.00
0.54
3.96
0.19
0.39 114.45
3.62
0.00
0.03 PASS
6.00
5.00
0.63
5.16
0.19
0.39 114.45
4.73
0.00
0.04 PASS
5.00
3.00
0.78
7.89
0.19
0.39 114.45
7.30
0.00
0.06 PASS
3.00
0.17
1.12
12.40
0.19
0.39 114.45
11.48
0.00
0.10 PASS
0.17
0.10
0.73
7.50
0.19
0.39 114.45
6.95
0.00
0.06 PASS
0.10
0.00
0.77
7.59
0.19
0.39 114.45
7.02
0.00
0.06 PASS
fa
= Axial Compressive Stress
fb = Bending Stress
ft = Tensile: fpl+fb-fa
fpl = Long Stress due to Press
fpc = Circ Tensile Stress
Long = Long Tensile Ratio: ft/Sa Circ = Circ Stress Ratio: fpc/Sa
The unity ratios for tensile stress use the entered allowable tensile stress (Sa)
and the factor of safety entered for the load combination is not used for this ratio.
A negative (-) value for ft indicates that the shell will never be in tension.
STACK DEFLECTION, Load # 7
Load Combination # 7 Wind Comb Hot w Live 0 Deg
Elev
m
------12.00
10.00
7.00
6.00
5.00
3.00
0.17
0.10

Dx
mm
-------12.03
9.28
5.30
4.09
2.98
1.16
0.00
0.00

Dy
mm
--------0.04
-0.04
-0.03
-0.03
-0.03
-0.02
-0.00
-0.00

Dz
mm
-------0.10
0.06
0.03
0.02
0.02
0.01
0.00
0.00

Resultant
mm
--------12.03
9.28
5.30
4.09
2.98
1.16
0.00
0.00

Allowable
mm
--------90.23
75.19
52.63
45.11
37.59
22.56
1.24
0.75

Result
---------------PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS

Resultant is max lateral Deflection (Dx^2+Dz^2)^0.5


STACK DEFLECTION, Load # 8
Load Combination # 8 Wind Comb Hot no Live 0 Deg
Elev
m
------12.00
10.00

Dx
mm
-------16.05
12.37

Dy
mm
--------0.04
-0.04

Dz
mm
-------0.13
0.09

Resultant
mm
--------16.05
12.37

Allowable
mm
--------90.23
75.19

Result
---------------PASS
PASS

7.00
6.00
5.00
3.00
0.17
0.10

7.07
5.45
3.97
1.54
0.00
0.00

-0.03
-0.03
-0.03
-0.02
-0.00
-0.00

0.04
0.03
0.02
0.01
0.00
0.00

7.07
5.45
3.97
1.54
0.00
0.00

52.63
45.11
37.59
22.56
1.24
0.75

PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS

Resultant is max lateral Deflection (Dx^2+Dz^2)^0.5


STACK DEFLECTION, Load # 9
Load Combination # 9 Seismic Comb Hot 0 Deg
Elev
m
------12.00
10.00
7.00
6.00
5.00
3.00
0.17
0.10

Dx
mm
-------7.70
5.93
3.38
2.61
1.89
0.74
0.00
0.00

Dy
mm
--------0.04
-0.04
-0.03
-0.03
-0.03
-0.02
-0.00
-0.00

Dz
mm
-------0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Resultant
mm
--------7.70
5.93
3.38
2.61
1.89
0.74
0.00
0.00

Allowable
mm
--------90.23
75.19
52.63
45.11
37.59
22.56
1.24
0.75

Result
---------------PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS

Resultant is max lateral Deflection (Dx^2+Dz^2)^0.5


SUMMARY OF MAXIMUM STACK DEFLECTIONS
A summary of the worst lateral deflections for the stack and the load case that produced
them.
Elev Load
m
------- -------------------12.00
8
10.00
8
7.00
8
6.00
8
5.00
8
3.00
8
0.17
8
0.10
8

Load Case

Max Lateral Defl Allowable


mm
mm
----------------------------- ---------------- --------Wind
Wind
Wind
Wind
Wind
Wind
Wind
Wind

Comb
Comb
Comb
Comb
Comb
Comb
Comb
Comb

Hot no Live
Hot no Live
Hot no Live
Hot no Live
Hot no Live
Hot no Live
Hot no Live
Hot no Live
Baseplate Analysis Load #
Load # 8 - Wind Comb Hot no
Controlled by Load Case # 8 - Bot Plt, Gussets,
Based Upon 'Process Equipment Design' by

16.05
12.37
7.07
5.45
3.97
1.54
0.00
0.00

Result

90.23
75.19
52.63
45.11
37.59
22.56
1.24
0.75

PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS

8
Live
Bolts, Shell Thk, Bearing
Brownell & Young

M:
V:
S:

Moment on Baseplate
Vertical Load on Baseplate
Shear Load on Baseplate

=
=
=

45.1 KN-m
14.8 KN
6.3 KN

Ds:
Di:
Dbc:
Do:
Tb:

Outer Diameter of Stack at Base


Inside Diameter of Baseplate
Bolt Circle Diameter
Outside Diameter of Baseplate
Thickness of Bottom Plate

=
=
=
=
=

Fw:
Db:
Dbh:
Nb:
Fu:
Ften:
CA:

Fillet Welds
Nominal Bolt Diameter
Diameter of Bolt Hole
Number of Bolts
Ultimate Bolt Tensile Stress
Allowable Bolt Tensile Stress: (ASD) 0.33*Fu
Corrosion Allowance for Bolts, Baseplate and Skirt

=
5.0 mm
=
20.0 mm
=
23.0 mm
=
8
= 861850 KPa
= 284411 KPa
= 0.0000 mm

Ec:

Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete

= 20684400.0E+

Fc:

Allowable Compressive Stress of Concrete

= 30000 KPa

Fy:
Es:

Yield Stress of Baseplate Material


Modulus of Elasticity of Baseplate

= 215394 KPa
= 191000000.0E+

672.0
630.0
770.0
860.0
22.0

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

KPa

KPa
Dens: Density of Baseplate
u:
Poisons Ratio for Baseplate Material
Fb:
Allowable bending stress: 0.9*Fy

= 7849.0 kg/m^3
= 0.30
= 193.9 MPa

Ngus: Number of Gussets per Bolt


hg:
Height of Gusset
tg:
Thickness of Gusset

= 1
= 165.0 mm
=
12.0 mm

n:
Ab:
tt1:
tt2:
tt3:

= 9.234
=
2.147 cm^2
=
0.710 mm
= 114.290 mm
= 115.000 mm

Iteration
----1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Es / Ec
Root Area of Bolt less Corrosion
Nb * Ab / (3.14159 * Dbc)
tt3 - tt1
(Do - Di) / 2
k
-----0.493
0.063
0.228
0.117
0.171
0.139
0.156
0.146
0.151
0.148

Cc

Ct

-----1.985
0.666
1.304
0.918
1.118
1.006
1.068
1.034
1.053
1.043

-----2.015
2.977
2.599
2.849
2.726
2.797
2.760
2.781
2.769
2.776

z
-----0.394
0.487
0.453
0.476
0.465
0.471
0.468
0.470
0.469
0.469

j
-----0.786
0.762
0.778
0.768
0.773
0.770
0.772
0.771
0.771
0.771

fc
MPa
-------0.89
2.65
1.34
1.92
1.57
1.75
1.64
1.70
1.67
1.68

fs
MPa
-------121.73
82.81
93.82
86.12
89.64
87.57
88.66
88.05
88.38
88.19

Ft
KN
-------67.07
67.40
66.66
67.08
66.83
66.98
66.90
66.95
66.93
66.94

Fc
KN
-------81.85
82.19
81.45
81.86
81.62
81.76
81.69
81.73
81.71
81.72

k = 1/(1+(fs/n*fc))
[Eqn 10.3] Ft =(OTM-V*z*Dbc)/(j*Dbc) [Eqn 10.24]
fc = Fc/(tt2+n*tt1)*(Dbc/2)*Cc [Eqn 10.18] Fc = Ft + V
[Eqn 10.27]
fs = Ft/(tt1*(Dbc/2)*Ct)
[Eqn 10.9]
CONCRETE COMPRESSIVE STRESS:
fcmax: fc*(2*k*Dbc+tt3)/(2*k*Dbc) [Eqn 10.30]
Fc:
Allowable Concrete Bearing Stress
Ratio: Unity Ratio fcmax / Fc

= 2491 KPa
= 30000 KPa
= 0.08 PASS

BOLT LOADING:
Pbolt: Max Bolt Load - fs * Abolt
Pallow: Allowable Bolt Load - Abolt * Ften
Ratio: Unity Ratio Pbolt / Pallow

= 18981 N
= 61081 N
= 0.31 PASS

BOTTOM PLATE:
b:
3.14159 * Dbc / Nbolt
L:
(Do - Ds) / 2
lb:
L / b
cc1: Value from Table 10.3
cc2: Value from Table 10.3
Mx:
cc1 * fcmax * b^2

= 302.4 mm
= 94.000 mm
= 0.311
= 0.007
= 0.433
=
0.51 KN

My:

2.90 KN

Mmax: Maximum of Mx or My

2.90 KN

tb : Required Baseplate Thickness (6*Mmax/fb)^.5+CA


Ratio: Unity Ratio Tb / tb

= 17.171 mm
= 0.78 PASS

-mm
cc2 * fcmax * L^2

-mm
-mm

GUSSET ANALYSIS:
y
w
mm
mm
------------0.00
25.40
41.25
45.67
82.50
65.94
123.75
86.21
139.60
94.00
165.00
106.48
Notes:

tg (tens)
mm
--------0.0000
3.4501
3.3100
2.9047
2.7562
2.5387

tg (comp)
mm
--------0.2222
0.9283
0.8996
0.8167
0.7863
0.7418

tg
mm
--------0.2222
3.4501
3.3100
2.9047
2.7562
2.5387

y - Distance from Top of Gusset downwared


tg(Tens) = 6 * Pbolt / Ngus * ((Dbc - Ds) / 2) * Y / (W ^ 2 * fb * hg)+CA
tg(Comp) = 6 * Fc * wg * (L / 2) * y / (fb * hg * W ^ 2) + Fc * wg / (L * fb)+CA
tg (max) = Maximum of tg(Tens) or tg(Comp)
Tg:
Required Thickness of Gussets
Ratio: Unity Ratio Tg / tg

=
=

3.4501 mm
0.29 PASS

ts:
1.5*Pbolt/Ngus*(D0-Ds)/2)/(PI()*Fb*hg))^0.5+CA
Ts:
Actual Thickness of Skirt
Ratio: Unity Ratio ts / Ts

=
=
=

5.1606 mm
6.0000 mm
0.86 PASS

ANCHOR BOLT SPACING:


Angle:
Angle between bolts: 360/Nbolt
= 45.0 Deg
Actual:
Actual Spacing: 2*(Dbc/2)*Sin(Angle/2) / Db
=
14.733 x
Bolt Dia
Minimum:
Minimum required spacing
=
12.000 x
Bolt Dia
Ratio: Minimum / Actual
= 0.81 PASS
STACK STRESS WORST CASE SUMMARY
Summary of the load and highest stress ratios for each stack element
Top El Bot El
m
m

Load #

Load Case

Controlling Case

Ratio Result

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------12.00 10.00
8
Wind Comb Hot no Live
Longitudinal Tensile
0.01 PASS
10.00
7.00
8
Wind Comb Hot no Live
Longitudinal Tensile
0.05 PASS
7.00
6.00
8
Wind Comb Hot no Live
Longitudinal Tensile
0.07 PASS
6.00
5.00
8
Wind Comb Hot no Live
Longitudinal Tensile
0.09 PASS
5.00
3.00
8
Wind Comb Hot no Live
Longitudinal Tensile
0.14 PASS
3.00
0.17
8
Wind Comb Hot no Live
Longitudinal Tensile
0.22 PASS
0.17
0.10
8
Wind Comb Hot no Live
Longitudinal Tensile
0.13 PASS
0.10
0.00
8
Wind Comb Hot no Live
Longitudinal Tensile
0.13 PASS
Boundary Conditions Specified for the System
'F' is translational restraint and 'M' is rotational restraint, 1 = restrained, 0 = free
Joint #

Description

Y (Elev)

Fx

Fy

Fz

Mx

My

m
-------

m
--------

m
-------

---

---

---

---

---

0.00

0.00

0.00

Mz
-------

----------------------

--9

Stack Base

1
STATIC SUMMATION OF FORCES
Total sum of all loads acting on system, Shear = (Fx^2+Fz^2)^0.5
Load

Load Case
Dir
Fx
Fy
Fz
Shear
(P)=Primary, (C)=Combination
Deg
KN
KN
KN
KN
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
(P)DEAD
ALL
0.00 -14.78
0.00
0.00
2
(P)LIVE
ALL
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
3
(P)OPERATING
ALL
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
4
(P)THERMAL HOT
ALL
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
5
(P)WIND X Dir
0
6.31
0.00
0.00
6.31
6
(P)SEISMIC X Dir
0
3.82
0.00
0.00
3.82
7
(C)Wind Comb Hot w Live
0
4.73 -14.78
0.00
4.73
8
(C)Wind Comb Hot no Live
0
6.31 -14.78
0.00
6.31
9
(C)Seismic Comb Hot
0
2.68 -14.78
0.00
2.68
Support Loading Notes
These notes apply to the support loading data which follows
1) Joint

= Joint Number, Load = Load Number, Type = P (Primary) or C (Combination)

2) Dir= Direction of Lateral Loads (Wind/Seismic/Vortex), 0 Deg=+X axis, 90 Deg=+Z Axis


3) Fx/Fy/Fz = Forces in X/Y/Z directions, Mx/My/Mz = Moments about X/Y/Z Axis

4) Y is the vertical direction, and + loads are acting up, and - is acting down.
DETAILED SUPPORT LOADS FOR Stack Base @ El
0.00 m
Loads acting on the support points (+Y is Vertical and Upward)
Ld
Mz

Load Case

Dir

Fx

Fy

Fz

Mx

My

Deg
KN
KN
KN
KN-m
KN-m
KN-m
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1(P)DEAD
ALL
0.00
-14.78
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
2(P)LIVE
ALL
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
3(P)OPERATING
ALL
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
4(P)THERMAL HOT
ALL
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
5(P)WIND X Dir
0
6.31
0.00
0.00
-0.00
0.00
-45.07
6(P)SEISMIC X Dir
0
3.82
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
-30.53
7(C)Wind Comb Hot w Live
0
4.73
-14.78
0.00
-0.00
0.00
-33.80
8(C)Wind Comb Hot no Live
0
6.31
-14.78
0.00
-0.00
0.00
-45.07
9(C)Seismic Comb Hot
0
2.68
-14.78
0.00
0.00
0.00
-21.37
SUMMARY SUPPORT LOADS FOR Stack Base @ El
0.00 m
Loads acting on the support points (+Y is Vertical and Upward)
Ld
------------1
0.00
2
0.00
3
0.00
4
0.00
5
0.00
6
0.00
7
0.00
8
0.00
9
0.00

Load Case

Dir
Deg
-----

Vertical
KN
---------

Shear
KN
---------

Moment
KN-m
---------

(P)DEAD

ALL

-14.78

0.00

0.00

(P)LIVE

ALL

0.00

0.00

0.00

(P)OPERATING

ALL

0.00

0.00

0.00

(P)THERMAL HOT

ALL

0.00

0.00

0.00

(P)WIND X Dir

0.00

6.31

45.07

(P)SEISMIC X Dir

0.00

3.82

30.53

(C)Wind Comb Hot w Live

-14.78

4.73

33.80

(C)Wind Comb Hot no Live

-14.78

6.31

45.07

(C)Seismic Comb Hot

-14.78

2.68

21.37

-----------------------------

Notes:
Vertical
downard)
Shear
Moment
Torsion

Torsion
KN-m

= Force acting in vertical direction (+ is acting upward, - is acting

= Lateral force (Fx^2+Fz^2)^0.5


= Overturning moment on foundation (Mx^2+Mz^2)^0.5
= Torsional moment about vertical axis (My).
MAXIMUM SUPPORT LOADINGS FOR ALL LOAD COMBINATIONS
Maximum loading for each restraint, but loads may not necessarily occur at the same time.
Restraint Description

---------------------------------------Stack Base @ El
0.00 m
0.00

Vertical
KN
---------

Uplift
KN
---------

Shear
KN
---------

Moment
KN-m
---------

14.78

0.00

6.31

45.07

Torsion
KN-m

Notes:
Vertical
Uplift
Shear
Moment
Torsion

=
=
=
=
=

Maximum Downward force (Largest negative Fy value)


Maximum Upward force (Largest positive Fy value)
Lateral force (Fx^2+Fz^2)^0.5
Overturning moment trying to tip over foundation (Mx^2+Mz^2)^0.5
Moment about vertical axis (My).