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1. Question: Two bulbs have ratings 100 W, 220 V and 60 W, 220 V respectively. Which one has a greater resistance?

2. Question: A torch bulb has a resistance of 1 when cold. It draws a current of 0.2 A from a
source of 2 V and glows. Calculate
(i) the resistance of the bulb when glowing and
(ii) explain the reason for the difference in resistance.
3. Question: Calculate the resistance of 1 km long copper wire of radius 1 mm. (Resistivity of
copper = 1.72 x 1 08
4. Question: When a potential difference of 2 V is applied across the ends of a wire of 5 m length, a
current of 1 A is found to flow through it. Calculate:
(i) the resistance per unit length of the wire
(ii) the resistance of 2 m length of this wire
(iii) the resistance across the ends of the wire if it is doubled on itself.
5. How much work is done in moving 4 C across two point having pd. 10 v
6. How much energy is given to each coulomb of charge passing through a 9 v battery?
7. 100 j of work is done in moving a charge of 5 C from one terminal of battery to another . What is the potential difference
of battery?
8. If 4 x 10 -3 J of work is done in moving a particles carrying a charge of 16 x 10 - 6 C from infinity to point P .What will be
the potential at a point?
9. Calculate the current and resistance of a 100 W ,200V electric bulb.
10.Calculate the power rating of the heater coil when used on 220V supply taking 5 Amps.
11.A lamp can work on a 50 volt mains taking 2 amps.What value of the resistance must be connected in series with it so that
it can be operated from 200 volt mains giving the same power.
12. Calculate the work done in moving a charge of 5 coulombs from a point at a potential of 210 volts to another point at 240
volts
13. How many electrons pass through a lamp in one minute if the current be 220 mA?
14.Calculate the current supplied by a cell if the amount of charge passing through the cell in 4 seconds is 12 C ?
15. A 2 Volt cell is connected to a 1 resistor. How many electrons come out of the negative terminal of the cell in 2
minutes?
16. (a) How much current will an electric bulb draw from a 220 V source, if the resistance of the bulb filament is 1200 ?
(b) How much current will an electric heater coil draw from a 220 V source, if the resistance of the heater coil is 100 ?
17. The potential difference between the terminals of an electric heater is 60 V when it draws a current of 4 A from the
source. What current will the heater draw if the potential difference is increased to 120 V?
18. A 4 resistance wire is doubled on it. Calculate the new resistance of the wire.
19 . 3.A circuit is made of 0.4 wire,a 150 bulb and a 120 rheostat connected inseries.Determine the total resistance of
the resistance of the circuit.
20. A current of 0.2 Ampere flows through a conductor of resistance 4.5 . Calculate the potential difference at the ends of
the conductor.
21. A lamp has a resistance of 96 ohms. How much current flows through the lamp when it is connected to 120 volts?
22. The manufacturer specifies that a certain lamp will allow 0.8 ampere of current when 120 volts
is applied to it. RRWhat is the resistance of the lamp?
23. How much voltage is required to cause 1.6 amperes in a device that has 30 ohms of resistance?
24. How much power is dissipated when 0.2 ampere of current flows through a 100-ohm resistor?

25, How much energy is converted by a device that draws 1.5 amperes from a 12-volt battery for 2
hours?

Page No: 95
1. Why is diffusion insufficient to meet the oxygen requirementsof multi-cellular organisms like humans?
Answer
Unlike the unicellular organisms, the multi-cellular organisms have complex body structures with specialized cells
and tissues to perform various necessary functions of the body. Since these cells are not in direct contact with
surrounding environment so, simple diffusion cannot meet the oxygen requirement of all these cells.
2. What criteria do we use to decide whether something is alive?
Answer
Any visible movement such as walking, breathing, or growing is generally used to decide whether something is
alive or not. However, a living organism can also have movements, which are not visible to the naked eye.
Therefore, the presence of life processes is a fundamental criterion that can be used to decide whether something is
alive or not.
3. What are outside raw materials used for by an organism?
Answer
Various outside raw materials used by an organism are as follows:
Food as source of supplying energy and materials.
Oxygen for breakdown of food to obtain energy.
Water for proper digestion of food and other functions inside the body.
The raw materials required by an organism will vary depending on the complexity of the organism and its
environment.
4. What processes would you consider essential for maintaining life?
Answer
Life processes such as nutrition, respiration, transportation, excretion, etc. are essential for maintaining life.
Page No: 101
1. What are the differences between autotrophic nutrition and heterotrophic nutrition?
Answer
Autotrophic Nutrition
Food is synthesised from simple inorganic raw
materials such as CO2 and water.

Heterotrophic Nutrition
Food is obtained directly or indirectly from autotrophs. This
food is broken down with the help of enzymes.

Chlorophyll is required.

Chlorophyll is not required.

Food is generally prepared during day time.

Food can be obtained at all time.

All green plants and some bacteria have this


type of nutrition.

All animals and fungi have this type of nutrition.

2. Where do plants get each of the raw materials required for photosynthesis?
Answer
The following raw materials are required for photosynthesis:
Carbon Dioxide: Plants get CO2 from atmosphere through stomata.
Water: Plants absorb water from soil through roots and transport to leaves.
Sunlight: Sunlight, which is absorbed by the chlorophyll and other green parts of the plant.
3. What is the role of the acid in our stomach?
Answer
Following are the roles of acid in our stomach: The hydrochloric acid present in our stomach dissolves bits of
food and creates an acidic medium. In this acidic medium, enzyme pepsinogen is converted to pepsin, which is a
protein-digesting enzyme.
It also kills many bacteria and other microorganisms that enter alongwith the food.
4. What is the function of digestive enzymes?
Answer
Digestive enzymes such as amylase, lipase, pepsin, trypsin, etc. help in the breaking down of complex food
particles into simple ones. These simple particles can be easily absorbed by the blood and thus transported to all
the cells of the body.
5. How is the small intestine designed to absorb digested food?
Answer
The small intestine has millions of tiny finger-like projections called villi. These villi increase the surface area for
more efficient food absorption. Within these villi, many blood vessels are present that absorb the digested food and
carry it to the blood stream. From the blood stream, the absorbed food is delivered to each and every cell of the
body.

Page No: 105

1. What advantage over an aquatic organism does a terrestrial organism have with regard to obtaining oxygen for
respiration?
Answer
Terrestrial organisms take up oxygen from the atmosphere whereas aquatic animals obtain oxygen from water. Air
contains more O2 as compared to water. Since the content of O2 in air is high, the terrestrial animals do not have to
breathe faster to get more oxygen. Therefore, unlike aquatic animals, terrestrial animals do not need adaptations
for gaseous exchange.
2. What are the different ways in which glucose is oxidized to provide energy in various organisms?
Answer
At first glucose (6 carbon molecules) is broken in the cytoplasm of cells of all organisms. This process yields a 3
carbon molecule compound called pyruvate.
Further break down of pyruvate takes place in different manners in different organisms.
Anaerobic Respiration: This process takes place in absence of oxygen, e.g. in yeast during fermentation. In this
case pyruvate is converted into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
Aerobic Respiration: In aerobic respiration, breakdown of pyruvate takes place in presence of oxygen to give
rise 3 molecules of carbon dioxide and water. The release of energy in aerobic respiration is much more than
anaerobic respiration.
Lack of Oxygen: Sometimes, when there is lack of oxygen, especially during vigorous activity, in our muscles,
pyruvate is converted into lactic acid (3 carbon molecule compounds). Formation of lactic acid in muscles causes
cramp.
3. How is oxygen and carbon dioxide transported in human beings?
Answer
Transport of Oxygen: The respiratory pigments (haemoglobin) present in red blood cells takes up the oxygen
from the air to the lungs. They carry the oxygen to tissues which are deficient in oxygen.
Transport of carbon dioxide: Carbon Dioxide is more soluble in water. Hence, it is mostly transported from
body tissues in the dissolved form in our blood plasma to lungs where it diffuses from blood to air in the lungs and
then expelled out through nostrils.
4. How are the lungs designed in human beings to maximize the area for exchange of gases?
Answer
Lungs contain millions of alveoli which provide a surface for the exchange of gases. An extensive network of
blood vessels is present in the wall of the alveoli. By lifting our ribs and flatten the diaphragm, the chest cavity
becomes spacious. Air is sucked into the lungs and alveoli. The oxygen from the breath, diffuses into the blood and
CO2 from the blood brought from the body, diffuses out into the air.
Page No: 110
1. What are the components of the transport system in human beings? What are the functions of these
components?
Answer
The main components of the transport system in human beings are the heart, blood, and blood vessels.

Heart pumps oxygenated blood throughout the body. It receives deoxygenated blood from the various body
parts and sends this impure blood to the lungs for oxygenation.
Blood helps in the transport of oxygen, nutrients, CO2, and nitrogenous wastes.
The blood vessels (arteries, veins, and capillaries) carry blood either away from the heart to various organs or
from various organs back to the heart.
2. Why is it necessary to separate oxygenated and deoxygenated blood in mammals and birds?
Answer
It is necessary to separate oxygenated and deoxygenated blood to maintain efficient supply of oxygen into the
body. This system is essential in animals that have high energy need. For example, animals like mammals and
birds which constantly use this energy to maintain their body temperature.
3. What are the components of the transport system in highly organised plants?
Answer
In highly organised plants, there are two different types of conducting tissues - xylem and phloem. Xylem
conducts water and minerals obtained from the soil (via roots) to the rest of the plant. Phloem transports food
materials from the leaves to different parts of the plant body.
4. How are water and minerals transported in plants?
Answer
Water and minerals are transported through xylem cells from soil to the leaves. The xylem cells of roots stem and
leaves are interconnected to form a conducting channel that reaches all parts of the plant. The root cells take ions
from the soil. This creates a difference between the concentration of ions of roots and soil. Therefore, there is a
steady movement of water into xylem. An osmotic pressure is formed and water and minerals are transported from
one cell to the other cell due to osmosis. The continuous loss of water takes place due to transpiration. Because of
transpiration, a suction pressure is created as a result of which water is forced into the xylem cells of roots. The
effect of root pressure for transportation in plants is more important in night while during day time transpiration
pull becomes the major driving force.
5. How is food transported in plants?
Answer
Phloem transports food materials from the leaves to different parts of the plant. The transportation of food in
phloem is achieved by utilizing energy from ATP which helps in creating osmotic pressure that transport food from
the area of high concentration to low concentration.
Page No: 112
1. Describe the structure and functioning of nephrons.
Answer
Nephrons are the basic filtering units of kidneys. Each kidney possesses large number of nephrons, approximately
1-1.5 million. The main components of the nephron are glomerulus, Bowman's capsule, and a long renal tubule.
Functioning of a nephron:
The blood enters the kidney through the renal artery, which branches into many capillaries associated with
glomerulus.
The water and solute are transferred to the nephron at Bowman's capsule.

In the proximal tubule, some substances such as amino acids, glucose, and salts are selectively reabsorbed and
unwanted molecules are added in the urine.
The filtrate then moves down into the loop of Henle, where more water is absorbed.
From here, the filtrate moves upwards into the distal tubule and finally to the collecting duct. Collecting duct
collects urine from many nephrons.
The urine formed in each kidney enters a long tube called ureter. From ureter, it gets transported to the urinary
bladder and then into the urethra.
2. What are the methods used by plants to get rid of excretory products?
Answer
Plants can get rid of excess of water by transpiration. Waste materials may be stored in the cell vacuoles or as gum
and resin, especially in old xylem. It is also stored in the leaves that later fall off.
3. How is the amount of urine produced regulated?
Answer
The amount of urine produced depends on the amount of excess water and dissolved wastes present in the body.
Some other factors such as habitat of an organism and hormone such as Anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) also
regulates the amount of urine produced.
Page No: 113

5. How are fats digested in our bodies? Where does this process take place?
Answer
Fats are present in the form of large globules in the small intestine. The small intestine receives the secretions from
the liver and the pancreas. The bile salts (from the liver) break down the large fat globules into smaller globules so
that the pancreatic enzyme lipase can easily act on them. This is referred to as emulsification of fats. This process
takes place in the small intestine.
6. What is the role of saliva in the digestion of food?
Answer
The role of saliva in the digestion of food:
It moistens the food for easy swallowing.
It contains a digestive enzyme called salivary amylase, which breaks down starch into sugar.
7. What are the necessary conditions for autotrophic nutrition and what are its by-products?
Answer
Autotrophic nutrition takes place through the process of photosynthesis. Carbon dioxide, water, chlorophyll
pigment, and sunlight are the necessary conditions required for autotrophic nutrition. Carbohydrates (food) and O2
are the by-products of photosynthesis.
8. What are the differences between aerobic and anaerobic respiration? Name some organisms that use the
anaerobic mode of respiration.
Answer

Aerobic respiration

Anaerobic respiration

It occurs in the presence of O2.

It occurs in the absence of


O2.

It involves the exchange of gases between the organism and the outside
environment.

Exchange of gases is absent.

It occurs in cytoplasm and mitochondria.

It occurs only in cytoplasm.

It always releases CO2 and H2O.

End products vary.

It always releases CO2 and H2O.

End products vary.

9. How are the alveoli designed to maximise the exchange of gases?


Answer
Alveoli provide a surface for the exchange of gases. An extensive network of blood vessels is present in the wall
of the alveoli. By lifting our ribs and flatten the diaphragm, the chest cavity becomes spacious. Air is sucked into
the lungs and alveoli. The oxygen from the breath, diffuses into the blood and CO2 from the blood brought from
the body, diffuses out into the air.
10. What would be the consequences of a deficiency of haemoglobin in our bodies?
Answer
Haemoglobin is the respiratory pigment that transports oxygen to the body cells for cellular respiration. Therefore,
deficiency of haemoglobin in blood can affect the oxygen supplying capacity of blood. This can lead to deficiency
of oxygen in the body cells. It can also lead to a disease called anaemia.
11. Describe double circulation in human beings. Why is it necessary?
Answer
During a single cycle blood goes twice in the heart which is known as double circulation. It is necessary in human
being to separate oxygenated and de-oxygenated blood because this makes their circulatory system is more
efficient and helps in maintaining constant body temperature.
12. What are the differences between the transport of materials in xylem and phloem?
Answer
Aerobic respiration

Anaerobic respiration

Xylem tissue helps in the transport of water and minerals.

Phloem tissue helps in the transport of food.

Water is transported upwards from roots to all other plant parts.

Food is transported in both upward and


downward directions.

Transport in xylem occurs with the help of simple physical


forces such as transpiration pull.

Transport of food in phloem requires energy


in the form of ATP.

13. Compare the functioning of alveoli in the lungs and nephrons in the kidneys with respect to their structure and
functioning.

Answer
Alveoli

Nephrons

Structure

Structure

Alveoli are tiny balloon-like structures present


inside the lungs.

Nephrons are tubular structures present inside the


kidneys.

The walls of the alveoli are one cell thick and it


contains an extensive network of blood capillaries.

Nephrons are made of glomerulus, bowmans capsule,


and a long renal tube.

Function

Function

The exchange of O2 and CO2 takes place between


the blood of the capillaries that surround the alveoli
and the gases present in the alveoli.

The blood enters the kidneys through the renal artery. The
blood is entered here and the nitrogenous waste in the
form of urine is collected by collecting duct.

Alveoli are the site of gaseous exchange.

Nephrons are the basic filtration unit.

age No: 119


1. What is the difference between a reflex action and walking?
Answer
A reflex action is voluntary action which is a rapid and automatic response to stimuli while walking is a voluntary
action which requires our thinking and in our control.
2. What happens at the synapse between two neurons?
Answer
A synapse is the gap between the two neurons. At synapse the electrical signals converted into chemicals that can
easily cross over the gap and pass on to the next neurons where it again converted into electrical signals.
3. Which part of the brain maintains posture and equilibrium of the body?
Cerebellum
4. How do we detect the smell of an agarbatti (incense stick)?
Answer
When the smell of the incense stick reaches to our nose then the olfactory receptors present in our nose detects it
send this information in fore brain in the form of electrical signals. Fore brain interprets this information as the
smell of incense stick where it is already stored.
5. What is the role of the brain in reflex action?
Answer
Brain has no direct involvement in reflex action. It is mainly controlled by Spinal Cord as these action not requires
thinking and are very quick action.
Page No: 122

1. What are plant hormones?


Answer
Plant hormones are the fluids which are secreted within the plant also known as phytohormones. Plant hormones
regulate the growth and development of the plant. Examples of plant hormones are auxin, gibberellins etc.
2. How is the movement of leaves of the sensitive plant different from the movement of a shoot towards light?
Answer
The movements of the leaves of the sensitive plant are touch sensitive and independent of growth while the
movement of the shoot towards light is growth related and known as phototropism.
3. Give an example of a plant hormone that promotes growth.
Auxin
4. How do auxins promote the growth of a tendril around a support?
Answer
When tendrils come in contact with any support, the part of the tendril in contact with the object does not grow as
rapidly as the part of the tendril away from the object. This is caused by the action of auxin hormone. Less auxin
occurs on the side of contact as compared to the free side as a result, auxin promotes growth on the free side and
the tendrils coil around the support.
5. Design an experiment to demonstrate hydrotropism.
Answer
Take two small beakers and label them as A and B. Fill beaker A with water. Now make a cylindrical-shaped roll
from a filter paper and keep it as a bridge between beaker A and beaker B, as shown in the figure. Attach few
germinating seeds in the middle of the filter paper bridge. Now, cover the entire set-up with a transparent plastic
container so that the moisture is retained.
Observation:
The roots of the germinating seeds will grow towards beaker A.

This experiment demonstrates the phenomenon of hydrotropism.


Page No: 125
1. How does chemical coordination take place in animals?
Answer
Chemical coordination takes place in animals with the help of hormones. Hormones are the chemical fluids that
are secreted by the glands of the endocrine system. Hormones regulate the overall growth and development of the

animals.
2. Why is the use of iodised salt advisable?
Answer
Iodine stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroxin hormone. It regulates carbohydrate, fat, and protein
metabolism in our body. Deficiency of this hormone results in the enlargement of the thyroid gland. This can lead
to goitre, a disease characterized by swollen neck. Therefore, iodised salt is advised for normal functioning of the
thyroid gland.
3. How does our body respond when adrenaline is secreted into the blood?
Answer
When someone is in danger or in emergency then adrenal gland secrete adrenaline hormone. It is secreted directly
into the blood and is transported to different parts of the body. It speeds up the heartbeat and hence supplies more
oxygen to the muscles. This results in increasing breathing rate and blood pressure which enable them to fight with
such urgent situation.
4. Why are some patients of diabetes treated by giving injections of insulin?
Answer
Diabetes is caused due to less or no secretion of hormone insulin by pancreas. In such a person, blood sugar level
is high. Insulin converts extra sugar present in blood into glycogen. Thus, patients suffering from diabetes are
given insulin injection to control their blood sugar level.
4. What is the function of receptors in our body? Think of situations where receptors do not work properly. What
problems are likely to arise?
Answer
Functions of receptors:
They sense the external stimuli such as heat or pain.
They also trigger an impulse in the sensory neuron which sends message to the spinal cord.
When the receptors are damaged, the external stimuli transferring signals to the brain are not felt. For example, in
the case of damaged receptors, if we accidentally touch any hot object, then our hands might get burnt as damaged
receptors cannot perceive the external stimuli of heat and pain.
5. Draw the structure of a neuron and explain its function.
Answer
Functions of the three parts of a neuron:
Axon: It conducts messages away from the cell body.
Dendrite: It receives information from axon of another cell and conducts the messages towards the cell body.
Cell body: It contains nucleus, mitochondria, and other organelles. It is mainly concerned with the maintenance
and growth.
6. How does phototropism occur in plants?
Answer

The growth movement in plants in response to light stimulus is known as phototropism.The shoots show positive
phototropism and the roots show negative phototropism. This means that the shoots bend towards the source of
light whereas the roots bend away from the light source.
For Example: The flower head of sunflower is positively phototropic and hence it moves from east to west along
with the sun.
7. Which signals will get disrupted in case of a spinal cord injury?
Answer
In case of the spinal cord injury, the signals coming from the nerves as well as the signals coming to the receptors
will be disrupted. As both these signals meet in a bundle in spinal cord so there is any spinal cord injury then both
these signals are disrupted.
8. How does chemical coordination occur in plants?
Answer
Chemical coordination occurs in plants with the help of plant hormones. Different plant hormones help to
coordinate growth, development, and responses to the environment. They are synthesized at places away from
where they act and diffuse to the area for action, For example, auxin promotes cell growth, gibberellins promote
stem growth, cytokinins promote cell division and abscisic acid inhibits growth and its effects include wilting of
leaves.
9. What is the need for a system of control and coordination in an organism?
Answer
There are various organs in an organism. These organs must be carefully controlled and coordinated for the
survival of an organisms. In the body of an organism various fluids are secreted from the glands of the endocrine
system. These hormones are responsible for the overall growth and development of an organism. All others daily
decision that includes voluntary and involuntary action are controlled by central nervous system(CNS).
10. How are involuntary actions and reflex actions different from each other?
Answer
Involuntary action is the set of muscle movement which do not require thinking. But it is controlled by brain for
example beating of heart beat while on the other hand, the reflex action is rapid and spontaneous action in
response to any stimulus. For example closing of eyes immediately when bright light is focused.
11. Compare and contrast nervous and hormonal mechanisms for control and coordination in animals.
Answer
Nervous System Mechanism

Hormonal System Mechanism

It is consist of nerve impulses between PNS, CNS and


Brain.

It consists of endocrine system which secretes


hormones directly into blood.

The axons and dendrites transmit the information


through a coordinated effort.

The information is transmitted or transported through


blood.

The flow of information is rapid and the response is


quick.

The information travels slowly and the response is


slow.

Nerve impulses are not specific in their action.

Each hormone has specific actions.

Effects are short lived.

It has prolonged effects.

12. What is the difference between the manner in which movement takes place in a sensitive plant and the
movement in our legs?
Answer
Movement in sensitive plants

Movement in our legs

The movement in a sensitive plant is a response to


stimulus(touch) which is a involuntary action.

Movement in our legs is a voluntary action.

No special tissue is there for the transfer of information

A complete system CNS and PNS is there for


the information exchange.

Plant cells do not have specialised protein for movements.

Animal cells have specialised protein which


help muscles to contract.

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Cristiano Ronaldo
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Not to be confused with Brazilian footballer Ronaldo.
This name uses Portuguese naming customs. The first or maternal family name is dos Santos and
the second or paternal family name is Aveiro.
Cristiano Ronaldo

Ronaldo with Portugal in 2012


Personal information

Full name

Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos


Aveiro

Date of birth 5 February 1985 (age 30)[1]


Place of
birth

Funchal, Madeira, Portugal

Height

1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)[2]

Playing
position

Forward
Club information

Current
team

Real Madrid

Number

7
Youth career

19921995

Andorinha

19951997

Nacional

19972002

Sporting CP
Senior career*

Years

Team

20022003

Sporting CP

20032009
2009

Apps (Gls)
25

(3)

Manchester United

196

(84)

Real Madrid

202 (225)

National team
2001

Portugal U15

(7)

20012002

Portugal U17

(5)

2003

Portugal U20

(1)

20022003

Portugal U21

10

(3)

2004

Portugal U23

(2)

2003

Portugal

122

(55)

Honours[show]
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the
domestic league only and correct as of 22:27, 29 August
2015 (UTC).
Appearances (goals)
National team caps and goals correct as of
7 September 2015[3]

Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro GOIH (born 5 February 1985), known as Cristiano Ronaldo (Portuguese
pronunciation: [ktinu unadu]), is a Portuguese professional footballer who plays for Spanish club Real Madrid
and the Portugal national team. He is a forward and serves as captain for Portugal.
By the age of 22, Ronaldo had received Ballon d'Or and FIFA World Player of the Year nominations. The
following year, in 2008, he won his first Ballon d'Or and FIFA World Player of the Year awards. He followed this
up by winning the FIFA Ballon d'Or in 2013 and 2014. He also won the 201314 UEFA Best Player in Europe
Award. In January 2014, Ronaldo scored his 400th senior career goal for club and country aged 28.[4]
Often ranked as the best player in the world[5] and rated by some in the sport as the greatest of all time,[6][7][8][9]
Ronaldo is the first Portuguese footballer to win three FIFA/Ballons d'Or, and the first player to win four European
Golden Shoe awards. In January 2015, Ronaldo was named as the best Portuguese player of all time by the
Portuguese Football Federation, during its 100th anniversary celebrations.[10][11] With Manchester United and Real
Madrid, he has won three Premier Leagues, one La Liga, one FA Cup, two Football League Cups, two Copas del
Rey, one FA Community Shield, one Supercopas de Espaa, two UEFA Champions League, one UEFA Super Cup
and two FIFA Club World Cups.

Ronaldo began his career as a youth player for Andorinha, where he played for two years, before moving to C.D.
Nacional. In 1997, he made a move to Sporting CP. In 2003 he caught the attention of Manchester United manager
Alex Ferguson, who signed him for 12.2 million (15 million). In 2004, he won his first trophy, the FA Cup. In
2007, Ronaldo was the first player in England to win all four main PFA and FWA awards. In 2008, he won 3 of the
4 main PFA and FWA trophies and was named the FIFA World Player of the Year, FIFPro Player of the Year,
World Soccer Player of the Year, and the Onze d'Or.[12][13][14] In 2007 and 2008, Ronaldo was named FWA
Footballer of the Year. He was the inaugural winner of the FIFA Pusks Award for Goal of the Year in 2009. He
became the world's most expensive player when he moved from Manchester United to Real Madrid in 2009 in a
transfer worth 80 million (94 million/$132 million). His buyout clause is valued at 1 billion.[15] In May 2012,
he become the first footballer to score against every team in a single season in La Liga.[16] Ronaldo holds the
record for most goals scored in a single UEFA Champions League season, having scored 17 goals in the 201314
season.[17] In December 2014, Ronaldo became the fastest player to score 200 goals in La Liga when, in his 178th
La Liga game, he scored a hat-trick against Celta Vigo; his 23rd hat-trick was also a La Liga record.[18] He is the
only player in the history of football to score 50 or more goals in a season on five consecutive occasions.[19]
Ronaldo made his international debut for Portugal in August 2003, at the age of 18. He has since been capped over
100 times and has participated in 6 major tournaments: three UEFA European Championships (2004, 2008 and
2012) and three FIFA World Cups (2006, 2010 and 2014). Ronaldo is the first Portuguese player to reach 50
international goals, making him Portugal's top goalscorer of all time as well as the country's top scorer in the
European Championship with 6 goals. He scored his first international goal in the opening game of Euro 2004
against Greece, and helped Portugal reach the final. He took over captaincy in July 2008, and he led Portugal to
the semi-finals at Euro 2012, finishing the competition as joint-top scorer in the process. In November 2014,
Ronaldo became the all-time top scorer in the UEFA European Championship (including qualifying) with 23
goals.
Contents

1 Early life

2 Club career
o

2.1 Early career

2.2 Sporting CP

2.3 Manchester United

2.3.1 200304 season

2.3.2 200405 season

2.3.3 200506 season

2.3.4 200607 season

2.3.5 200708 season

2.3.6 200809 season

2.4 Real Madrid

2.4.1 200910 season

2.4.2 201011 season

2.4.3 201112 season

2.4.4 201213 season

2.4.5 201314 season

2.4.6 201415 season

3 International career
o

3.1 Euro 2004 and 2004 Summer Olympics

3.2 2006 World Cup

3.3 Euro 2008 and 2010 World Cup

3.4 Euro 2012

3.5 2014 World Cup

3.6 Euro 2016

4 Style of play
o

4.1 Comparisons to Lionel Messi

5 Career statistics
o

5.1 Club

5.2 International

6 Honours
o

6.1 Club

6.2 Individual

3.2.1 Post-World Cup

6.2.1 Orders

6.3 Records

6.3.1 World

6.3.2 Europe

6.3.3 Spain

6.3.4 Real Madrid

7 Outside football
o

7.1 Personal life

7.2 Philanthropy

7.3 Wealth

7.4 Endorsements

7.5 Fashion

7.6 Media

8 References

9 External links

Early life

Ronaldo was born in Santo Antnio, a neighbourhood of Funchal, Madeira, the youngest child of Maria Dolores
dos Santos Aveiro, a cook, and Jos Dinis Aveiro, a municipal gardener.[20] His second given name, "Ronaldo", was
chosen after then-U.S. president Ronald Reagan, who was his father's favourite actor.[21][22] He has one older
brother, Hugo, and two older sisters, Elma and Liliana Ctia.[1] His great-grandmother Isabel da Piedade was from
Cape Verde.[23]
The family was staunchly Catholic. Ronaldo later claimed that he lived in poverty, sharing a room with his brother
and sisters.[24] Ronaldo was popular with other students at school, but he was expelled after he threw a chair at his
teacher. Ronaldo later said of the incident, "He disrespected me".[25] At age 14, Ronaldo agreed with his mother to
focus entirely on football. He states, "When I got to 14 I felt I had the potential. I thought I was maybe good
enough at that time to play semi-professionally".[25]
Club career
Early career

At age eight, Ronaldo played for amateur team Andorinha, where his father was the kit man.[26] In 1995, Ronaldo
signed with local club Nacional, and, after a title-winning campaign, he went on a three-day trial with Sporting
CP, who subsequently signed him for an undisclosed sum.[27]
Sporting CP

Ronaldo joined Sporting's other youth players who trained at the Academia Sporting, the club's football academy,
in Alcochete. He became the only player ever to play for Sporting's under-16, under-17, under-18, B-team, and the
first team, all within one season.[28] He scored two goals in his league debut on 7 October 2002, which Sporting CP
won 30 against Moreirense, while featuring for Portugal in the 2002 European Under-17 Championship.[29]
At the age of 15 Ronaldo was diagnosed with a racing heart, a condition that might have forced him to give up
playing football. The Sporting staff were made aware of the condition and Ronaldo's mother gave her authorisation
for him to go into hospital.[30] While there, he had an operation in which a laser was used to cauterise the area of
his heart that was causing the problem. The surgery took place in the morning and Ronaldo was discharged from
hospital by the end of the afternoon; he resumed training only a few days later.[31]
In November 2002, Ronaldo was invited to Arsenal's training ground, London Colney to meet manager Arsne
Wenger and his coaching staff.[32] Wenger, who was interested in signing the midfielder, had arranged to meet
Ronaldo's representatives, Formation (who suggested the player originally to Grard Houllier, then Liverpool's
manager and Joan Laporta, then Barcelona's president) in the subsequent months to discuss a transfer arrangement.
[33][34]
Of a possible move to Liverpool, he said "Liverpool are one of the best clubs in England and it would be a
dream for any player to represent a club of such traditions".[35]

However he came to the attention of Manchester United manager Alex Ferguson in the summer of 2003, when
Sporting defeated United 31 in the inauguration of the Estdio Jos Alvalade in Lisbon. Ronaldo's performance
impressed the Manchester United players, who urged Ferguson to sign him.[36] In April 2013, Sporting honoured
Ronaldo by selecting him to become the 100,000th member of the club.[37]
Manchester United
200304 season
"There have been a few players described as the new George Best over the years, but this is the first time it's been a compliment
to me."
Former Manchester United player George Best on the 18 year old Ronaldo.[38]

Ronaldo became Manchester United's first-ever Portuguese player when he signed for 12.24 million before the
200304 season.[39] He was given the number 7 shirt by Alex Ferguson,[40] who said that after a friendly with
Sporting, United's players "talked about him constantly, and on the plane back from the game they urged me to
sign him" and that "he is one of the most exciting young players I've ever seen".[41][42] Ronaldo later revealed that
he had requested the number 28 (his number at Sporting), as he did not want the pressure of living up to the
expectation linked to the number 7 shirt, which had previously been worn by United legends such as George Best,
Bryan Robson, Eric Cantona and David Beckham.[43] "After I joined, the manager asked me what number I'd like. I
said 28. But Ferguson said 'No, you're going to have No. 7,' and the famous shirt was an extra source of
motivation. I was forced to live up to such an honour".[43]
"I want to be one of the best players around in two or three years' time. I would be very proud if, one day, I'm held in the same
esteem as George Best or David Beckham."
Cristiano Ronaldo in 2004.[44]

Ronaldo made his team debut as a 60th-minute substitute in a 40 home victory over Bolton Wanderers,[45] and
produced a performance hailed by Alex Ferguson as "marvellous".[46][47] His early form earned high praise from
United legend George Best, who said that Ronaldo was "special",[38] while former manager Ron Atkinson effused
about his "pace and quick thinking" and how it meant United could "spring very quickly from defence into attack".
[48]

He scored his first goal for Manchester United with a free kick in a 30 win over Portsmouth on 1 November
2003.[49] His only other league goals in the season all came in 2004; he scored the second in a 30 win against
Tottenham Hotspur on 20 March,[50] the equalising goal in a 21 victory away to Birmingham City on 10 April,[51]
and the opener in a 20 victory over Aston Villa on the final day of the season in a game in which he also received
his first red card.[52] Ronaldo also scored in the fifth round of the 200304 FA Cup in a 42 Manchester derby
against Manchester City.[53] Ronaldo ended his first season in English football by scoring the opening goal in
United's 30 FA Cup Final victory over Millwall,[54] with his performance receiving praise from Gary Neville who
said "I think Ronaldo can be one of the top footballers in the world".[55]

Ronaldo playing against Chelsea in April 2006.

200405 season

Ronaldo had to wait until December to score his first goal of the season, scoring the third in a 30 victory against
Southampton.[56] His second came in a 31 win against Aston Villa,[57] with an assist for Paul Scholes prompting
Ferguson to say that he "had his best game of the season and was a constant threat to Villa".[58] He put in a
similarly praiseworthy performance after he scored two goals against rivals Arsenal in a 42 win,[59][60] with his
finishing described as "expert" that had applied the "coup de grace" to Arsenal.[61] His final goal of the season
came in a victory over Fulham, scoring the only goal of the game from 25 yards in a game in which Ferguson
hailed him as "our best player".[62]
Ronaldo scored four goals on United's run to the 2005 FA Cup Final, scoring goals against Exeter City,[63] Everton,
[64]
Southampton,[65] and Newcastle United.[66]
200506 season

Ronaldo scored United's 1000th Premier League goal on 29 October 2005 in a 41 loss to Middlesbrough,[67] In
November, he signed a new contract which extended his previous deal by two years to 2010, and stated that
staying at the club was "important for the development of my career".[68] He was sent off in the Manchester derby
at the City of Manchester Stadium on 14 January 2006 (a game which United lost 31) for kicking City's former
United player Andy Cole.[69] Ronaldo won his second trophy in English football in the 200506 season, scoring the
third goal in Manchester United's 40 Football League Cup final victory over Wigan Athletic.[70] He scored three
braces in the 200506 season, scoring two goals each against Bolton Wanderers,[71] Fulham,[72] and Portsmouth.[73]
In January 2006, Ronaldo was at the centre of a training ground bust-up with Ruud van Nistelrooy that eventually
lead to the striker's departure from the club at the end of the season, with van Nistelrooy angry at Ronaldo's
showboating style of play.[74] The two again clashed in May, with van Nistelrooy telling Ronaldo to go and "go
crying to your daddy", a pithy reference to Ronaldo's relationship with assistant manager Carlos Queiroz, leading
to a brief fight.[75] Van Nistelrooy was left on the subtitutes bench for the final game of the season against Charlton
Athletic but left the stadium three hours before the game, a 40 win in which Ronaldo scored his ninth league goal
of the season.[76][77]
200607 season

Ronaldo with United during their 200607 season

After the 2006 FIFA World Cup, in which he was involved in an incident where club teammate Wayne Rooney
was sent off,[78][79] Ronaldo was linked with moves away from United, with Spanish clubs Real Madrid and
Valencia both linked with him.[80][81] The situation led to Ronaldo asking for a transfer, saying "I think I should get
out of Manchester. The circumstances are not right to keep playing in Manchester. In two or three days I will
decide where to go. I always said I wanted to play in Spain", and claimed that he received no support over the red
card, saying "nobody stood up for me at Manchester, although I did not do anybody any harm. For some time, I
haven't had any support from my chief executive or my coach. They should have come out in my defence but noone did".[82][83] United were adamant that he would stay at the club, releasing a statement saying: "Cristiano
recently signed a contract until 2010 and the club expects him to honour that contract. The club will not listen to

any offers for Cristiano".[84][85] United manager Alex Ferguson said "without any question, Ronaldo will be our
player next season",[86] and backed Ronaldo to silence any critics as David Beckham and Eric Cantona had done in
the past.[87] Following the incident, Ronaldo and Rooney both immediately denied any rift.[88] Rooney said: "I bear
no ill feeling to Cristiano" over the incident.[89]
Ahead of the 200607 season, Bobby Charlton warned Ronaldo that he would be booed by opposition fans,[90] but
backed him to overcome any potential backlash,[91] as did Rooney.[92] In the first game of the season, Ronaldo
scored on the opening day of the season in a 51 win against Fulham, where, as Charlton had predicted, he was
booed by Fulham fans.[93] and his performance earned praise from Ferguson.[94] Ronaldo was booed throughout the
season, and noticeably silenced Reading fans with the equalising goal in a 11 draw on 23 September.[95] United
goalkeeper Edwin van der Sar thought Ronaldo responded to being booed by letting it inspire him, saying that it
"only serves to drive Cristiano onto even higher ground, to greater heights. Cristiano hasn't let what happened and
the reaction affect him at all. He is a very strong guy and has shown that this season".[96]
"The amount of goals and the amount of assists he's had has been frightening. I haven't seen anybody take players on, score goals
and make goals like he has in this first half of the season, so he rightfully deserves that tag [of being the world's best player]."
Teammate Paul Scholes on Ronaldo's form in the 200607 season.[97]

The season proved to be the breakout year for Ronaldo, as he broke the 20 goal barrier for the first time and picked
up his first league title with Manchester United. An important factor in this success was his one-to-one training by
first team coach Ren Meulensteen. Meulensteen coached him in moves to make himself more unpredictable. He
also helped him to work better with his team-mates, calling for the ball and scoring more 'ugly' goals instead of
waiting for the special occasion when he could score the 'beautiful' goals for which he was already famous.[98]
Ronaldo's upturn in form was showcased in a trip to Ewood Park in November when he received a standing
ovation from a section Blackburn Rovers supporters as he was substituted.[99]
In November and December 2006, Ronaldo received consecutive Barclays Player of the Month honours, becoming
only the third player in Premier League history to do so after Dennis Bergkamp in 1997 and Robbie Fowler in
1996.[100][101] His form was epitomised with three consecutive braces at the end of December, the first of which
came in a 30 victory over Aston Villa on 23 December which put United top at Christmas.[102] He followed it up
on Boxing Day with two goals against Wigan Athletic in a 31 victory where he came off the bench at half-time to
score a four-minute double salvo, the second of which marked his 10th goal of the season, to put United four clear
of Chelsea.[103] His third brace came on 30 December in a 32 victory against Reading.[104]
"Hes the one player Id love to pay money to go and see play. Im sure Ronaldo is already in the best in the world bracket. Hes
only 21 and he will get even better."
Manchester United manager Sir Alex Ferguson.[97]

On 24 February 2007, he scored a "dramatic" late winner against Fulham which put United nine points clear at the
top of the league table.[105] Ronaldo scored crucial goals against Middlesbrough in the 200607 FA Cup quarterfinal; he scored the equaliser from the penalty spot which ensured a 22 draw on 10 March,[106] and he again scored
a penalty in the replay nine days later after he was fouled by Jonathan Woodgate,[107] before later being on the
receiving end of a reckless tackle from James Morrison for which he received a red card.[108] After the game,
George Boateng said "one day, someone will hurt him properly", for which Boateng was punished by
Middlesbrough.[109] On 10 April, Ronaldo helped United reach the semi-final of the Champions League, scoring his
first two Champions League goals in a 71 victory against Roma.[110][111] On 14 April, Ronaldo helped United reach
the FA Cup Final, putting United 21 up against Watford in a match which ended 41.[112] On 24 April, he scored
four minutes into United's Champions League semi-final against Milan as United won the first leg 32,[113] but was
marked out of the second leg as United lost 30 in the San Siro.[114] On 5 May, he scored his 50th Manchester

United goal against city rivals Manchester City in a 10 victory as United claimed their first Premier League title
in four years.[115]
Despite rumours in March 2007 that Real Madrid were willing to pay an unprecedented 80 million (54 million)
for Ronaldo,[116] with Real president Ramn Caldern publicly saying that "we'll be first in the queue" had United
opted to sell him,[117] he signed a five-year, 120,000-a-week (31 million total) extension with United on 13 April.
[118]
Ronaldo and Ferguson both spoke of their delight at the new deal, with Ronaldo saying "I am very happy at the
club", while Ferguson said that "it emphasises the point that Cristiano is happy here and that he is at the right
club".[119]
Ronaldo amassed a host of personal awards for the season. He won the PFA Players' Player of the Year and PFA
Young Player of the Year awards, joining Andy Gray (in 1977) as the only players to receive this honour.[120] In
April, he completed the treble by winning the PFA Fans' Player of the Year. He also won the FWA Footballer of
the Year,[121] becoming the first player to win all four main PFA and FWA awards. Ronaldo was also one of eight
Manchester United players named in the 200607 PFA Premier League Team of the Year.[122]

Ronaldo (left) and Carlos Tevez prior to a Champions League match.


200708 season

Ronaldo's 200708 season began with a red card for a headbutt on Portsmouth player Richard Hughes during
United's second match of the season, for which he was punished with a three-match ban.[123] Ronaldo said he had
"learned a lot" from the experience and would not let players "provoke" him in the future.[124]
His first goal of the season came in the first game of the 200708 UEFA Champions League group stage, scoring a
62nd-minute header on his return to former club Sporting in a 10 victory on 19 September.[125] He scored two
goals against Dynamo Kyiv on 23 October in a 40 win,[126] and scored in the return fixture as United qualified
for the knockout stage with a 40 win.[127] Ronaldo's fifth goal of the competition came in the final minute of the
game of the return fixture against Sporting; with the score at 11, he scored a 30-yard free-kick that he described
as "fabulous".[128]
Due to the three match suspension, his first league goal didn't come until 29 September, when he scored the only
goal of the game in a victory against Birmingham City.[129] By Christmas, Ronaldo had 13 league goals, including
doubles against Wigan Athletic in a 40 which put United top of the league,[130] Blackburn Rovers,[131] Fulham,[132]

and Everton, with his second coming from the penalty spot in the 88th minute in a 21 victory.[133] He finished as
the runner-up to Kak for the 2007 Ballon d'Or,[134] and was third in the running for the FIFA World Player of the
Year award, behind Kak and Lionel Messi.[135]
"I don't think there is a winger in this world that can do that and that's the measure of the quality of the lad and his scoring ability."
Alex Ferguson, on Ronaldo's scoring record during the 200708 season.[136]

Ronaldo scored his first hat-trick for Manchester United in a 60 win against Newcastle United at Old Trafford on
12 January 2008, bringing Manchester United up to the top of the Premier League table.[137] He scored his twentythird league goal of the season in a 20 win against Reading, equalling his entire total for the 200607 season.[138]
On 30 January, he scored another two goals against Portsmouth,[139] which included a free-kick which was
described as one of the greatest ever,[140] and scored another brace in a 51 victory against Newcastle United on 23
February.[141]
On 19 March 2008, Ronaldo captained United for the first time in his career in a home win over Bolton, again
scoring both goals in the 20 victory.[142] The second of the goals was his 33rd of the campaign, which set a new
club single-season scoring record by a midfielder and thus topped George Best's forty-year-old total of 32 goals in
the 196768 season.[143] In the championship run in, Ronaldo scored against Middlesbrough in a 22 draw,[144] an
equalising retaken penalty against Arsenal in a 21 win a week later,[145] and the opening two goals against West
Ham United in a 41 victory.[146] Ronaldo scored his final league goal of the season, a goal which put United 10
in front, from the penalty spot in the title decider against Wigan on 11 May before Ryan Giggs scored the second
to clinch the title for United.[147]
In the knockout stage of the Champions League against Olympique Lyonnais on 4 March, Ronaldo scored the
decisive goal in the second leg which helped United advance 21 on aggregate,[148] and in the Champions League
quarter final, he played as a striker and scored against Roma with a header,[149] Despite him missing a penalty in
the semi-final first leg against Barcelona,[150] United eventually advanced to the 200708 Champions League final
via a Paul Scholes goal.[151] In the final, which took place on 21 May against league rivals Chelsea, Ronaldo scored
the opening goal after 26 minutes, which was negated by a Chelsea equaliser in the 45th minute as the match
ended 11 after extra time. His penalty was saved in the shoot-out which put Chelsea in position to win the trophy,
[152]
but Chelsea captain John Terry shot wide right after slipping on the pitch surface, and Manchester United
emerged victorious 65 on penalties.[153][154] Ronaldo was named the UEFA Fans' Man of the Match,[155]
"Ronaldo is better than George Best and Denis Law, who were two brilliant and great players in the history of United."
Dutch legend Johan Cruyff on the 23-year-old Ronaldo, April 2008.[156]

After scoring 31 league goals, he was awarded with the Premier League Golden Boot and the Premier League
Player of the Season awards,[157] and again won the PFA Players' Player of the Year and FWA Footballer of the Year
awards, as well as being named in the PFA Team of the Year for a third consecutive year.[158][159]
Ronaldo finished the season with a career-high 42 goals in all competitions, four short of Denis Law's team-record
mark of 46 in the 196364 season. The top scorer in the Champions League, Ronaldo was named best forward and
player of the tournament.[160] Ronaldo's 31 goal haul was rewarded with his becoming the first winger to win the
200708 European Golden Shoe, finishing eight points ahead of Mallorca's Dani Giza.[161]
200809 season

Ronaldo and Manchester United against Albert Riera and rivals Liverpool

In May, Manchester United chief executive David Gill and manager Alex Ferguson both stated that Ronaldo
would stay at the club,[162] while David Beckham said: "I believe he's at the right club now, a club he should stay
at".[163] However, on 5 June, Sky Sports reported that Ronaldo had expressed an interest in moving to Real Madrid
if they offered him the same amount of money the team had allegedly promised him earlier in the year.[164][165]
Manchester United filed a tampering complaint with FIFA on 9 June over Madrid's alleged pursuit of Ronaldo, but
FIFA declined to take any action.[166][167]
In July, FIFA president Sepp Blatter claimed that Ronaldo should be allowed to leave, saying: "If the player wants
to play somewhere else, then a solution should be found because if he stays in a club where he does not feel
comfortable to play then it's not good for the player and for the club", and described the situation as "modern
slavery",[168] comments Ronaldo agreed with.[169][170] The comments annoyed United manager Alex Ferguson, who
said "I do not want to dignify this kind of statement with a response but when you consider the history of slavery,
it was a very unfortunate statement".[171] Speculation that a transfer would happen continued until 6 August, when
Ronaldo confirmed that he would stay at United for at least another year, stating: "I will play for Manchester with
all my heart and soul. I will fight and honour that shirt with the same commitment and dedication as always".[172]
[173][174]
When rumours surfaced again in December about a move to Real Madrid, Ferguson quipped: "Do you think
I would enter into a contract with that mob? Absolutely no chance. I would not sell them a virus".[175][176]
Prior to the new season, Ronaldo underwent ankle surgery in Amsterdam on 7 July,[177] ruling him out for up to
three months.[178] He returned to action earlier than expected on 17 September in United's goalless UEFA
Champions League group stage draw with Villarreal as a substitute for Park Ji-Sung,[179] and scored his first goal of
the season in a 31 League Cup third round win over Middlesbrough on 23 September.[180]
On 29 October, Ronaldo began to show similar form to the previous season when he scored both goals in a 20
victory against West Ham,[181] and scored two goals three days later against Hull City in a 43 win.[182] He again
scored a brace in a 50 win over Stoke City on 15 November 2008, with the goals being his 100th and 101st goals
in all competitions for Manchester United, both coming from direct free kicks.[183] The goals also meant that
Ronaldo had now scored against each of the other 19 teams in the Premier League at the time.[184] On 30
November, he received the third red card of his career when he was sent off for a second bookable offence against
Manchester City for handball.[185]
"All these great players over the years, the Maradonas, Cruyffs, Pels - they all took a kick. It didn't deter them at all. I remember
wee Jimmy Johnstone at Celtic: he'd go straight at the defender who'd just fouled him to let him know he wouldn't be bullied.
Cristiano has a similar thing. He had an operation in the summer, which was the result of consistent tackling on him, but he's
naturally brave. I don't think it ever stopped Maradona, I don't think it stopped Pele. If you're them, you don't think of that when
you have a ball at your feet, because that's what you want. It won't stop Cristiano and that's not getting recognised. He's always
wanting to do something with the ball, yet the fans chant, 'Cheat!' Well, who is the cheat? Who's cheating football? Not Cristiano."

Alex Ferguson.[186]

On 2 December, Ronaldo became Manchester United's first Ballon d'Or recipient since George Best in 1968. He
finished with 446 points, 165 ahead of runner-up Lionel Messi,[187] and said that it was "one of the most beautiful
days of my life".[188] On 18 December, he scored in the 53 semi-final victory over Gamba Osaka in the Club
World Cup,[189] and, after assisting the winning goal as United beat LDU Quito 10 in the final.[190] was awarded
the Silver Ball, an award given to the second best player in the tournament, finishing runner-up to Wayne Rooney.
[191]
On 12 January, he became the first Premier League player ever to be named the FIFA World Player of the Year,
in addition to being the first Portuguese player to win the award since Lus Figo in 2001.[192]
On 27 January, Ronaldo scored two goals in a 50 win against West Bromwich Albion,[193] before scoring a penalty
in a 10 win against Everton four days later.[194] He again scored the winning goal, this time against Blackburn
Rovers on 21 February with a free-kick which helped put United eight points clear at the top of the table.[195] On 5
April, Ronaldo scored another two goals against Aston Villa, but was overshadowed by debutant Federico
Macheda, who scored a last-minute winner to put United top of the league following consecutive defeats to
Liverpool and Fulham.[196] Another brace came on 25 April, as United came from 20 down at half-time to beat
Tottenham Hotspur 52, with Ronaldo scoring the first from the penalty spot, as well as the crucial third goal.[197]
On 10 May, he scored his final ever goal for United in the Manchester derby at Old Trafford with a free-kick
which put United 10 up.[198]
On 11 March, Ronaldo scored his first Champions League goal of the season, and first since the final against
Chelsea, in a 20 victory over Inter Milan that sent United into the quarter-finals.[199] In the second leg against
Porto on 15 April, Ronaldo scored a 40-yard game-winning goal as United advanced to the semi-finals. For this
goal, Ronaldo holds the distinction of being the first player to win the FIFA Pusks Award, in 2009, an honour
handed by FIFA to the best goal of the year.[200] He later called it the best goal he had ever scored.[201][202] In the
semi-final second leg, Ronaldo scored two against Arsenal including a free-kick from 39.1 yards as United
advanced to the Champions League final,[203] where he made little impact in United's 20 loss to Barcelona.[204][205]
He finished with 53 appearances in all competitions, which was four higher than the previous year, but scored
sixteen fewer goals (26) than his career-best total of 42 from the previous season. He was also named in the PFA
Team of the Year for a fourth consecutive year.[206]
On 11 June, Manchester United accepted an "unconditional" offer of 80 million from Real Madrid for Ronaldo
after it was revealed that he again had expressed his desire to leave the club.[207] It was confirmed by a
representative of the Glazer family that the sale was fully condoned by Ferguson.[208] When Ronaldo had
eventually completed his transfer to Real, he expressed his gratitude towards Ferguson for helping him develop as
a player, saying, "He's been my father in sport, one of the most important factors and most influential in my
career".[209]
Real Madrid
200910 season
"I have nothing but praise for the boy. He is easily the best player in the world. His contribution as a goal threat is unbelievable.
His stats are incredible. Strikes at goal, attempts on goal, raids into the penalty box, headers. It is all there. Absolutely astounding."
Alex Ferguson, after Ronaldo's transfer to Real Madrid.[210]

On 26 June 2009, Real Madrid confirmed that Ronaldo would join the club on 1 July 2009 from Manchester
United for 80 million (94 million) becoming the most expensive footballer in history,[211] after agreeing terms
and signing a six-year contract. Ronaldo's contract was worth 11 million per year[212] and had a 1 billion buy-out
clause.[213] He was presented to the world media as a Real Madrid player on 6 July,[214] where he was handed the
number 9 shirt.[215] The shirt was presented to him by Madrid legend Alfredo Di Stfano.[216] Ronaldo was
welcomed by between 80,000 and 85,000 fans at his presentation at the Santiago Bernabu Stadium, surpassing

Diego Maradona's record of 75,000 fans when he was presented in Italy, after he was transferred from Barcelona
to Napoli in 1984.[217]

Ronaldo and Real Madrid against Diego Forln and city rivals Atltico Madrid.

Ronaldo made his Madrid debut on 21 July in a 10 win over Shamrock Rovers. His first goal came a week later
with a penalty in Madrid's 42 win over LDU Quito.[218] On 29 August, Ronaldo capped his La Liga debut with a
goal, scoring Real's second from the penalty spot in a 32 home win against Deportivo La Corua.[219] On 15
September, Ronaldo scored two free kicks in a 52 away victory over Zrich, his first Champions League goals for
Real.[220] He broke a Madrid club record when he scored in a league match against Villarreal and thus became the
first ever player to score in his first four La Liga appearances.[221]
An ankle injury suffered on 10 October, while Ronaldo was on international duty with Portugal against Hungary,
kept him out until 25 November, which in turn caused him to miss both of Madrid's Champions League group
stage matches against Milan.[222][223] Ronaldo made his first post-injury start in a 10 El Clsico defeat to Barcelona
on 29 November. On 6 December, he was sent off for the first time in his Madrid career during Real's 42 victory
against Almera, a match which also saw him miss a penalty. He was carded first for removing his shirt during a
goal celebration, then for kicking out at an opponent three minutes later.[224]
Ronaldo was second in the 2009 FIFA World Player of the Year award and also second in the 2009 Ballon d'Or
award. On 5 May 2010, Ronaldo scored his first Real Madrid hat-trick in an away game against Mallorca.[225]
Although his first season at Real Madrid ended trophyless, Ronaldo and Gonzalo Higuan scored 53 league goals
during the course of the season and became Real's highest scoring league duo in their history.[226]
201011 season

With the departure of Ral during the summer of 2010, Ronaldo was handed the number 7 shirt for Real Madrid.
[227]
On 23 October 2010, Ronaldo scored four goals against Racing de Santander, the most goals he had ever
scored in a single match.[228] This completed a goalscoring run of six consecutive matches (three in La Liga, one in
the Champions League, and two for Portugal) in which Ronaldo scored in each match, totalling 11 goals, which is
the most Ronaldo has scored in a single month. On 20 November, Ronaldo scored his second La Liga hat-trick of
the season in a 51 win over Athletic Bilbao.[229] His final match of the calendar year saw him score a hat-trick in
an 80 trashing of Levante in the Copa del Rey.[230]

Ronaldo during a friendly game against Pearol before the beginning of the season.

Ronaldo began 2011 with a very promising outlook, especially after Real Madrid acknowledged he had broken
numerous goalscoring records, previously settled and held by classic players such as Alfredo Di Stfano, Hugo
Snchez and Manuel Alday. Ronaldo began his scoring spree by scoring two vital goals in a tight 32 victory away
to Getafe. He then consolidated his massive performances by scoring a hat-trick and assisting Kak in a 42
victory over Villarreal on 9 January.[231] On 3 March 2011, Ronaldo scored a hat-trick in a 70 trashing of Mlaga,
but was affected by a muscle injury at the end of the match, which forced him to spend 10 days on the sidelines.[232]

Ronaldo against Tottenham's (and future team-mate) Gareth Bale in the UEFA Champions League.

In April, he made another massive comeback from injury, sustaining a three-game scoring streak (including two
goals in Champions League quarter-finals against Tottenham Hotspur), thus arriving to the first of a historical
series of four El Clsico encounters two goals short of breaking his personal record of 42 goals in all competitions
in a single season.
During the second league edition of El Clsico, Ronaldo scored from the penalty spot and took his tally to 41
goals, also taking his scoring streak to four games. On 20 April, Ronaldo scored the winning goal against
Barcelona in the 103rd minute of the Copa del Rey final.[233] On 7 May Ronaldo scored four goals in a 62 victory
against Sevilla.[234] These four goals took him to 46 for the season which surpassed his previous record of 42 in a
season playing for Manchester United.[235] Three days later he reached 49 goals for the season, by scoring another
hat-trick in a 40 home win against Getafe.[236] On 15 May, after scoring two free-kick goals in a 31 win over
Villarreal, he equalled the La Liga record with most goals in a season with 38, a record previously held by Telmo
Zarra and Hugo Snchez.[237]
On 21 May, he scored two goals in the last league match of the season against Almera, taking his Pichichi total to
41, and La Liga total to 40, becoming the only player to score 40 goals in a La Liga season.[238][239] By doing this,
he won the European Golden Shoe award once again, becoming the first player to win the trophy in two different
leagues.[240] The sports newspaper Marca, which awards the Pichichi Trophy, included the goal scored on 18
September 2010 against Real Sociedad in Ronaldo's goal count, which had been officially attributed to Pepe.[241]
Ronaldo also broke Zarra's record of most goals per minute, with a goal scored every 70.7 minutes. Ronaldo's
record-breaking figures became a source of major attention from public media, such as being included in the
Sports Illustrated World XI,[242] rating him as one of the world's best footballers. Ronaldo ended his second season
at Real Madrid with a total of 53 goals in all competitions.[243]
201112 season

Ronaldo against Ajax during their group stage match in the UEFA Champions League on 27
September 2011

On 17 August 2011, Ronaldo scored his 100th goal with Real Madrid with a first-half equaliser against Barcelona
in the second leg of the 2011 Spanish Supercup in the Camp Nou. On 27 August 2011, he opened the 201112 La
Liga season with a hat-trick in a 60 win at Real Zaragoza.[244] On 24 September, Ronaldo scored a hat-trick,
including two penalties in Real Madrid's 62 win over Rayo Vallecano.[245] This was his ninth La Liga hat-trick and
tenth hat-trick for Real Madrid. On 27 September, Ronaldo scored Real's opening goal in a 30 victory over Ajax
in the UEFA Champions League.[246]
After not scoring in his previous three games, Ronaldo scored his tenth La Liga hat-trick in a match away to
Mlaga on 22 October, which Real Madrid won 40.[247] His twelfth Real Madrid hat-trick followed on 6
November in a 71 victory over Osasuna.[248] On 26 November 2011, Ronaldo scored two penalties in a 41 defeat
of Atltico Madrid in the Madrid derby,[249] and then scored another hat-trick in a 62 win away to Sevilla on 17
December 2011 to put Real Madrid back on top of the league.[250]
Ronaldo was third in the 201011 UEFA Best Player in Europe Award, behind Lionel Messi and Xavi, and second
in the 2011 FIFA Ballon d'Or, behind Lionel Messi and ahead of Xavi. In Real Madrid's next game in La Liga at
home to Granada, Ronaldo scored the fifth goal in a 51 win. On 22 January 2012, Ronaldo scored two penalties
in a 41 win over Athletic Bilbao, and on 28 January scored Real Madrid's second goal in a 31 win against Real
Zaragoza. Ronaldo also scored two goals against Barcelona in the Copa del Rey quarter-finals, which Real lost 4
3 on aggregrate. On 12 February 2012, Ronaldo scored a hat-trick in a 42 home win over Levante which
stretched Real Madrid's lead over Barcelona to 10 points.[251]

Ronaldo playing against CSKA Moscow in the UEFA Champions League last 16 in February 2012

On 24 March 2012, Ronaldo reached more than 100 goals in La Liga in just three seasons at Real Madrid when he
scored the first of his two goals in the match against Real Sociedad, the second quickest La Liga player to reach
that milestone in the league after Isidro Lngara, reaching the milestone in 92 matches and breaking the previous
club record held by Pusks.[252]
On 11 April, Ronaldo scored a hat-trick against Atltico Madrid in a 41 win, as well as assisting the last goal.[253]
His hat-trick, one goal from a free kick, one from 30 yards on the left wing and one penalty, gave him 40 league
goals in the season, making him the only player in La Liga history, or in any other major European league, to score
40 goals in two seasons. Ronaldo officially broke his previous record of 40 goals in a La Liga season on 14 April,
scoring in a 31 win against Sporting Gijn. On 25 April, in the second leg of the semi-finals in the 201112
UEFA Champions League against Bayern Munich, Ronaldo scored two goals, including a penalty. Extra time
ended with the tie level at 33, and Real Madrid were eliminated in the shootout with Ronaldo's kick being saved
by Manuel Neuer.[254]
On 13 May 2012, the last matchday, Ronaldo scored against Mallorca which made him the first player ever to
score against every team in a single season in La Liga.[16] He ended his third season at Real Madrid by winning his
first league title with the club, with a record 100 points, notching a total of 46 league goals and 60 goals in all
competitions, breaking the Real Madrid record he had set the previous season. Real Madrid's attacking trio of
Ronaldo, Karim Benzema and Gonzalo Higuan became the most prolific trio in Spanish league history, scoring 89
league goals, and surpassed the 72 league goals of Barcelona's Lionel Messi, Samuel Eto'o and Thierry Henry
from the 200809 season.[255]
201213 season

Ronaldo during a friendly game against Milan before the beginning of the season.

Ronaldo started the season by lifting the Supercopa de Espaa with Real Madrid, scoring two goals in a 44 away
goals aggregate win against Barcelona. The goal in the first leg made him the first Madrid player in the history of
El Clsico to score for the fourth game in a row at the Camp Nou,[256] with the winning goal in the second leg,
Ronaldo equalled the Real Madrid record of Ivn Zamorano of scoring in five consecutive El Clsico matches.[257]
On 30 August, Ronaldo was second (tied with Lionel Messi) in the 201112 UEFA Best Player in Europe Award
with 17 votes, behind winner Andrs Iniesta.[258]
On 2 September 2012, Ronaldo scored his first two league goal of the season in a 30 win over Granada, with the
second being 150th goal for Real Madrid.[259] This goal made him the 10th highest scorer for Real Madrid in all
competitions. Ronaldo was substituted at the 63rd minute by team mate Gonzalo Higuan, due to a minor thigh
injury. Afterwards, Ronaldo claimed that he was unhappy with a "professional issue" after he refused to celebrate
his 149th and 150th goals for the club. This led to reports of controversy between the player and the club, with
coach Jos Mourinho believing that UEFA's decision to elect Iniesta as the best player in Europe in 201112 could
have been one of the reasons behind Ronaldo's unhappiness.[260]
On 18 September, Ronaldo scored his first Champions League goal of the season in a 32 victory over Manchester
City. On 30 September, Ronaldo scored a hat-trick (including two penalties), his first La Liga hat-trick of the
season in a 51 win over Deportivo de La Corua. On 4 October, Ronaldo scored his first career hat-trick in the
Champions League as he led Real Madrid to a 41 victory over Ajax.[261] He hit a brace four dats later against
Barcelona in a 22 draw at Camp Nou, making him the first and only player to score in six consecutive El
Clsicos.[262] On 1 December, after not scoring in his previous three games, Ronaldo scored a goal from a free kick
and assisted zil to score the second goal in a 20 victory over Atltico Madrid.[263]
"If Messi is the best on the planet, Ronaldo is the best in the universe. If you are going to give out the Ballon d'Or because a player
is the best, give it to Cristiano or Messi. But I ask: if the two are on the same level, is it normal that one wins four and the other
one? It is not."
Jos Mourinho, when asked about the 2012 FIFA Ballon d'Or.[264]

On 6 January, following the 201213 winter break, Ronaldo scored a brace to lift 10-man Real Madrid to a 43
victory over Real Sociedad. The match represented the first time that Ronaldo captained Real Madrid in an official
match,[265] but received his fifth yellow card of the season and was suspended for the team's next league game at
Osasuna serving a one-game ban. This was the first time Ronaldo was suspended for an accumulation of yellow

cards, having only previously missed games when being given a straight red card.[266] On 7 January, he was second
in the 2012 FIFA Ballon d'Or, for the fourth time behind Lionel Messi.[267] On 9 January, Ronaldo scored a hattrick against Celta Vigo in the second leg of a Copa del Rey game.[268] Following a first leg victory over Valencia in
the Copa del Rey on 15 January, Ronaldo got into an argument with manager Jos Mourinho.[269][270] On 27
January, Ronaldo scored a perfect hat-trick against Getafe in a 40 win, including his 300th club goal.[271] On 30
January, against Barcelona in the Copa del Rey, Ronaldo made his 500th club appearances. He was the first nonSpanish to captain Real Madrid in a Clsico in the last 60 years.[272]
Ronaldo faced his former club Manchester United for the first time on 13 February in the Champions League
Round of 16 and scored the equaliser in a 11 draw at the Santiago Bernabu.[273] On 21 February, Ronaldo scored
another hat-trick against Sevilla, his 21st hat-trick of his career and his 17th in La Liga.[274] On 26 February,
Ronaldo scored twice against Barcelona in the second leg of the Copa del Rey semi-finals, making this the sixth
consecutive trip to the Camp Nou in which he had scored.[275] Ronaldo then scored the winning goal in a 21
victory against Manchester United on 5 March, which was his return to Old Trafford for the first time since his
world-record 80 million move to Real Madrid in 2009.[276] Thereafter, Ronaldo stated he was "sad" and had a
"strange feeling" after his goal knocked Manchester United out of the Champions League.[277]
On 10 March, Ronaldo struck twice against Celta Vigo to send Real Madrid above city rivals Atltico into second
place in La Liga.[278] The second goal, his 138 goal in La Liga, earned him a place in the top 25 goalscorers in the
history of La Liga in just 127 games, recording an average of 1.08 goals per game, the highest of all the top 25
goalscorers.[279] On 16 March, Ronaldo scored the equaliser in a 52 victory against Mallorca, which was his 350
goal in his career.[279][280] On 3 April, Ronaldo scored the opening goal against Galatasaray in the first leg of the
Champions League quarter-finals.[281] On 9 April, Ronaldo scored twice in the second leg against Galatasaray to
send Real Madrid to the semi-finals in the Champions League, winning 53 on aggregate.[282]
Ronaldo picked up a thigh muscle injury while warming up for the UEFA Champions League semi-final first leg
on 24 April, where he scored an away goal in a 41 defeat to Borussia Dortmund.[283] He was absent from Real
Madrid's next game against Atltico Madrid, but returned to action on 30 April for the 20 second leg victory
against Dortmund (a 43 aggregate defeat).[284] On 4 May, Ronaldo scored two headers against Real Valladolid in a
43 home win.[285] The British media reported that Manchester United chief executive David Gill was in Madrid to
talk with Ronaldo's agent about a return to Old Trafford,[286] but other media outlets reported that United would
struggle to re-sign him after the announcement of Alex Ferguson's retirement as manager of Manchester United.
[287]

Ronaldo scored his 200th goal for Real Madrid on 8 May in a 62 win against Mlaga. This figure made him sixth
in the list of the club's all-time top scorers and the player that took fewest matches (197) to reach 200 goals.[288] On
17 May, Ronaldo headed the opening goal from a Mesut zil corner in the 14th minute of the eventual 21 Copa
del Rey final defeat to Atletico Madrid, which was also his 111th goal (201st overall) in his 100th home
appearance.[289] He was shown a straight red card in the 114th minute of extra time of the final for an altercation
with Gabi.[290] He was charged for the accumulation of yellow cards and violent conduct by the RFEF, banned for
the two games in the last 16 of the 201314 Copa del Rey.[291]
Ronaldo ended his fourth season at Real Madrid as the Champions League top goalscorer for a second time in his
career with 12 goals. In the league, Real Madrid failed to defend their La Liga title, finishing runners up to archrivals Barcelona, and were eliminated in the semi-finals in the UEFA Champions League for the third consecutive
year. Accounting for all competitions, Ronaldo ended the season with a total of 55 goals, having scored 19 goals
with his right foot (excluding free kicks and penalty kicks), 16 with his left foot and 9 with his head.[292]
201314 season

Ronaldo against Galatasaray during their group stage match in the UEFA Champions League on 17
September 2013.

Real Madrid's failure to win major silverware last season and reports of division in the dressing room had
prompted speculation that Ronaldo, whose contract runs until June 2015, might be seeking a move away from the
Spanish capital.[293][294][295] On 8 June, Ronaldo moved to quell the speculation over his future by insisting that he
would reach a deal to renew his contract with Real Madrid.[296] On 3 July, Ronaldo admitted that he was missing
the English Premier League, but ruled out an imminent move back to Old Trafford.[297]
On 18 August, Ronaldo made his 200th competitive appearance for Real Madrid in a 21 home win over Real
Betis.[298] Ronaldo had not scored during the first two league games, but against Athletic Bilbao on 1 September
2013, he scored his first of the season in a 31 home victory.[299]
After months of speculation surrounding his future,[300] Ronaldo signed a new contract with Real Madrid on 15
September that would keep him at the club until 2018, with a salary of 17 million (after taxes), making him the
highest paid player in football.[301][302]
On 17 September, Ronaldo scored the second Champions League hat-trick of his career in Real Madrid's opening
group match of the 201314 UEFA Champions League, a 61 away win against Galatasaray.[303] On 22 September,
Ronaldo scored twice in a 41 home victory against Getafe CF, with his second goal coming from a backheel
which made him the fifth highest scorer in the club's history with 208 goals.[304] In his 100th game in the European
competitions against Copenhagen on 2 October, Ronaldo scored a brace as Real Madrid went on to a 40 home
victory.[305] On 5 October 2013, Ronaldo scored a 94th-minute winner against Levante.[306] On 23 October, Ronaldo
scored twice in a 21 home victory against Juventus to become the Champions League's third all-time highest
goalscorer with 57 goals.[307] On 30 October, Ronaldo scored his 18th La Liga hat-trick in a 73 home win against
Sevilla.[308]
In a debate at Oxford Union in October, when asked whether FIFA president Sepp Blatter preferred Messi or
Ronaldo, Blatter paid tribute to the work ethic of the Argentine before taking a swipe at Ronaldo, claiming "one of
them has more expenses for the hairdresser than the other". Real Madrid demanded and promptly received a

full apology, and the Portuguese issued his own riposte with a mock-salute celebration after scoring a penalty
against Sevilla, after Blatter had described him as a "commander" on the pitch.[309]
In his 106 away appearances for Real Madrid on 2 November, Ronaldo scored his 100th away goal as he hit a
brace in a 32 away victory against Rayo Vallecano, averaging 0.94 per game.[310] On 5 November 2013, Ronaldo
broke the record held for Champions League goals scored in a calendar year with 14 goals, after he equalised for
Real Madrid in a 22 draw at Juventus. On 9 November 2013, Ronaldo scored his 19th La Liga hat-trick (one
from open play, a penalty and a direct free kick) in a 51 home victory against Real Sociedad, which made him
second in the all time League hat-trick list. The direct free kick was his 20th direct free kick goal for Real Madrid,
one more than free kick specialist Ronaldinho scored with Barcelona.[311]
After his strong form in the 201314 campaign by which he had scored 32 goals from 22 matches played for both
club and country by the middle of November, including five hat-tricks, Ronaldo suggested that he could be in the
"best form of his life".[312] On 23 November 2013, Ronaldo was replaced by Jes in the 52nd minute against
Almera after suffering a muscle strain, which would keep him out for one to two weeks.[313] Ronaldo made his
return in a 20 away victory against Copenhagen in the Champions League on 10 December and went on to break
the record for most goals scored in the Champions League group stages with 9 goals.[314] His final match of the
calendar year saw him score a header in a 32 away win against Valencia, ending the year with a tally of 69 goals
in 59 appearance, his highest year-end goal tally.[315][316] With the goal, he became the club's fourth top scorer in the
league with 164 league goals, equalling the tally gained by Hugo Snchez. He also become the second top scorer
in matches played away from home with 72 goals, 15 behind the record holder Ral with 87.[317]
"Ronaldo is a unique player for all of his talent and his professionalism. He is a player who is extraordinarily consistent."
Real Madrid manager Carlo Ancelotti.[318]

In Real Madrid's first match following the 201314 winter break, Ronaldo score a brace in a 30 home victory
against Celta Vigo, including his 400th professional career goal in 653 games for club and country. He dedicated
his two goals to Eusbio, who had died two days before.[4] On 13 January 2014, Ronaldo won the 2013 FIFA
Ballon d'Or, beating Lionel Messi, who had won the prize the previous four years, and Franck Ribry.[319] This was
his second Ballon d'Or overall, becoming the 10th multiple winner of the football's top individual prize. He also
became the third player to win the award after playing at least a full calendar year at Real Madrid.[320] Ronaldo had
been runner-up on another four occasions: 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2012.[321] A tearful Ronaldo described receiving
the accolade as "no words to describe this moment" and "it's hard to win this award".[322] The achievement fuelled
media to recognise Ronaldo as one of the greatest players in football history,[323][324][325] with Pel stating that
Ronaldo must continue to maintain his exceptional high standards.[326]
On 18 January 2014, Ronaldo netted a long-range finish from 30 yards in a 50 away win over Real Betis.[327] On
11 February 2014, in the Spanish Cup's semifinals second leg, Ronaldo scored a brace in a 20 away win against
Atltico Madrid to surpass Luis Aragons as the top scorer in the history of 'Copa' games between Real and
Atltico with 5 goals.[328] His seventh-minute penalty meant Ronaldo had scored in every single minute of a 90minute football match.[329] With a brace against Schalke 04 in a 61 victory on 26 February 2014, Ronaldo become
the first player to score 10 or more goals in 3 consecutive Champions League campaigns.[330]

Ronaldo against city rivals Atletico Madrid on 28 September 2013.

On 15 March 2014, after he scored the only goal of the match against Mlaga, Ronaldo become the first player to
score 25 goals in five consecutive league seasons.[331] On 18 March 2014, Ronaldo scored two goals against
Schalke 04 in the second leg of the Champions League's round-of16, allowing him to surpass his personal record
of 12 goals in a single UEFA Champions League season, putting him just one behind Lionel Messi's record of 14
goals from the 201112 season. On 29 March 2014, with a goal against Rayo Vallecano, Ronaldo equalled Lionel
Messi's record of scoring in 10 consecutive games.[332]
In Ronaldo's 100th Champions League match against Borussia Dortmund on 2 April 2014,[333] he scored his
record-equalling 14th Champions League goal of the season in a 30 home victory, which also tied him with
Alfredo Di Stfano as Real Madrid's joint second top scorer in European competition with 49 goals, behind only
Ral with 66 goals.[334] With the goal, Ronaldo also became the first player to score in 8 consecutive Champions
League matches.[335] Ronaldo was substituted with 10 minutes to play due to a thigh injury, and missed four
matches, including Real Madrid's Copa del Rey final victory against Barcelona at Mestalla Stadium.[336]
Ronaldo made his return on 23 April 2014 in the Champions League semi-final first leg win over Bayern Munich.
[337]
He scored a brace in the next match against Osasuna, his 100th and 101st league goals at the Santiago
Bernabu.[338] On 29 April 2014, with his two goals against Bayern Munich in a 40 away win at the Allianz Arena
for the second leg of the Champions League semi-final, Ronaldo set a new record by becoming the first player to
score 16 goals in a single Champions League/European Cup season.[339]
On 4 May 2014, Ronaldo scored a last-minute backheeled volley in the 22 home draw with Valencia, to bring his
goals total to 50 for the fourth consecutive season.[340] For this goal, Ronaldo holds the distinction of being the first
player to win the LFP Best Goal, in 2014, an honour handed by LFP to the best goal of the season.[341] In the
Champions League final against cross-town rival Atltico Madrid, he became the first player in history to score in
two European Cup finals for two different winning teams, as Los Blancos won their tenth European Cup.[342]
Ronaldo was the competition's top goalscorer for the second consecutive season and third overall, with a record 17
goals in a single season as well as a total of 67 goals.[343] In a 2014 UEFA poll, he was named the greatest
goalscorer to play in the UEFA Champions League.[344]
Ronaldo finished the season with 31 goals in 30 league games, winning the Pichichi as the top goalscorer in Spain,
and shared the European Golden Shoe with Liverpool striker Luis Surez.[345]
201415 season
"In your life you do not win without sacrifices and you must take risks. If I had stopped I would have been fine. I did not want to
miss the final of the Champions League or the World Cup. I was not fully fit, but I forced the issue."

Ronaldo, on his patellar tendinitis problems in 2014.[346]

Following his patellar tendinitis problems that troubled him during the last few games of the 201314 season and
at the 2014 FIFA World Cup,[347] Ronaldo scored twice in Los Blancos' first competitive game of the season (a 20
victory) against Sevilla in the 2014 UEFA Super Cup.[348] With his two goals, Ronaldo tied second in the list of top
scorers in European club competitions with 70 goals.[349]
After the opening game of the La Liga season, where he scored the second in a 20 home win against Crdoba,
Carlo Ancelotti announced that Ronaldo would do "specific work to improve his condition".[350] On 28 August
2014, Ronaldo won the 201314 UEFA Best Player in Europe Award, after making the final three nominees in
each of the four years that the accolade was held.[351] He returned to action in a 21 defeat to Atltico Madrid on 13
September, where he played on the right wing and provided 10 crosses into the penalty box.[352]
On 20 September, Ronaldo scored a hat-trick against Deportivo in an 82 away win,[353] scoring his first goal at the
Estadio Riazor.[354] It was his 20th La Liga hat-trick, two away from Telmo Zarra and Alfredo Di Stfano's all-time
record of 22 hat-tricks.[355] Ronaldo also equalled Lionel Messi's record of hat-tricks away from home with seven
hat-tricks.[356] Three days later he scored four goals, including two penalties, in a 51 victory against Elche. This
was his 25th hat-trick for Real Madrid in all competitions, 3 hat-tricks behind the record holder, Alfredo Di
Stfano.[357] Having scored seven goals in 72 hours his coach Carlo Ancelotti stated: "The movements he makes are
very quick and that's why they come as a surprise. He is always in just the right position because he has a unique
gift for movement".[358] With 186 goals in 169 La Liga matches, Ronaldo broke into the top ten scorers in La Liga.
[359]

On 5 October, he scored yet another hat-trick, this time against Athletic Bilbao in a 50 win.[360] With two goals
against Levante in a 50 win, Ronaldo set a record scoring start in a Spanish league season, increasing his leagueleading tally to 15 goals in eight rounds despite missing one game due to injury.[361] On 22 October away at
Liverpool, where he scored the opening goal in a 30 win, Ronaldo become the first player to score in ten
consecutive Champions League away games and equalled Messi's record of scoring in 22 different stadiums in
Europe.[362] With his strike against Barcelona in a 31 home victory three days later, Ronaldo had scored 15 goals
in his last seven league games, breaking the Real Madrid record set by Ferenc Puskas who scored 13 times across
seven consecutive league matches in both the 195960 and 196061 seasons.[363] On Ronaldo's prolific goalscoring, former Manchester United player Bobby Charlton stated; "Cristiano Ronaldo is changing the game in
Spain. With all that pace and power and athleticism, he is driving Real Madrid back into dominance both there and
in Europe."[364]
On 6 December 2014, Ronaldo became the fastest player in La Liga history to score 200 goals when, in his 178th
La Liga game, he scored a hat-trick against Celta Vigo; his 23rd hat-trick was also a La Liga record.[18] Three days
later, Ronaldo surpassed former Real Madrid team-mate Ral's previous competition record by claiming his 72nd
in the Champions League to close in on record-holder Lionel Messi.[365] On 20 December 2014, Ronaldo won the
2014 FIFA Club World Cup in Morocco, winning the fourth title of the year with Real Madrid; he was awarded the
Silver Ball as the second best player of the competition, behind team-mate Sergio Ramos.[366]

Ronaldo playing against FC Schalke 04 in the Champions League on 11 March 2015.

On 4 January 2015, Ronaldo scored the opening goal in a 2-1 defeat against Valencia CF at Mestalla Stadium to
become Real Madrid's highest scorer in away La Liga games with 88 goals in 91 matches.[367] On 12 January 2015,
Ronaldo won the 2014 FIFA Ballon d'Or;[368][369] he joined Zinedine Zidane and Ronaldo in being crowned the best
player in the world by FIFA for the third time.[370][371] Ronaldo was given the ninth red card of his career in a 21
win over Crdoba on 24 January for kicking and slapping Edimar, which resulted in a two-match ban.[372]
Following the winter break, his prolific goal-scoring form dropped, which prompted speculation that he may still
be suffering with the tendonitis in his left knee that hampered him at the World Cup finals in Brazil.[373][374]
On 18 February 2015, Ronaldo scored against Schalke 04 in a 20 Champions League victory to extend his run of
scoring away in the competition to 12 matches.[375] In the round of 16 second leg, he scored twice in a 34 defeat to
become the outright top scorer in UEFA club competitions with 78 goals, and also become the joint all-time topscorer in the UEFA Champions League alongside Messi, with 75 goals.[376]
On 5 April 2015, Ronaldo scored five times in one game for the first time in his career, including an eight-minute
hat-trick, in a 91 defeat of Granada in La Liga.[377] With these goals, Ronaldo equalled Alfredo Di Stfano's record
of 28 hat-tricks for Real Madrid.[378] Post match, his team-mate Karim Benzema labelled him a "phenomenon".[379]
On 8 April, Ronaldo scored his 300th goal for Real Madrid in a 20 win at Rayo Vallecano.[380] 10 days later, he
became the first player in the history of football to score 50 or more goals in a season on five occasions, when he
scored the third goal in a 31 victory against Mlaga.[19] Ronaldo broke Di Stfano's hat-trick record with his 29th
treble for the club in a 32 win at Sevilla on 2 May.[381] On 13 May, he scored his 307th goal for Real Madrid from
a penalty, in a 11 home draw against Juventus, in the second leg of the Champions League semi-finals. With this
goal, he equalled Aldredo Di Stfano as Real Madrid's second highest goal-scorer in all competitions, behind only
Ral, also equalling Messi as the all-time top scorer in the UEFA Champions League, with 77 goals.[382]
In Real Madrid's final match of the season on 23 May (his 200th appearance for Real Madrid in La Liga and his
300th for the club in all competitions), Ronaldo registered his eighth hat-trick of the season against Getafe to equal
Messi's all-time Spanish league record of hat-tricks in a season. With these goals, he set a new personal best for
goals in one season with 61, improving on the 60 goals he scored in all competitions during the 201112 season;
he also bettered his personal figures in the domestic league, setting a new personal best of 48 goals (two short of
Messi's record), an improvement upon the 46 he scored during the 201112 edition of La Liga. As a result,
Ronaldo won the Pichichi as the top goalscorer for the second consecutive year in Spain, and he also secured the
European Golden Shoe as the most prolific player in European league action for a record fourth time.[383][384] With
10 goals, he was also the top-scorer in the UEFA Champions League for a third consecutive season, and the fourth
time overall, alongside Messi and Neymar.[385] Real Madrid's season ended in disappointment, however, after
failing to win both La Liga and the Champions League, earning a second-placed league finish, and a semifinal exit
in Europe.[386]

International career
See also: List of international goals scored by Cristiano Ronaldo

Ronaldo playing a friendly against Brazil in February 2007 at the Emirates Stadium.

Cristiano started his international youth career in 2001 being part of the under-15 Portugal team, amassing 34
youth caps and scoring 18 goals overall.[387] Apart from the under-15 team, Ronaldo also represented the under-17,
under-20, under-21, and the [Olympic] under-23 national sides, scoring for each team.[387] Ronaldo earned his first
senior cap for Portugal in a 10 victory against Kazakhstan on 20 August 2003.[388]
Euro 2004 and 2004 Summer Olympics

Ronaldo was called up for Euro 2004,[389] scoring his first international goal in a 21 group stage loss to eventual
champions Greece[390] and scoring again in a 21 semi-final win over the Netherlands.[391] He was featured in the
UEFA Euro All-Star Team of this competition, providing two assists,[392] and scoring two goals.[393]
Ronaldo also represented Portugal at the 2004 Summer Olympics, scoring a goal in the tournament, although the
Portuguese Olympic football squad was eliminated in the first round, finishing bottom of their group with three
points after 42 defeats to eventual semi-finalists Iraq and quarter-finalists Costa Rica.[394][395]
2006 World Cup

Ronaldo was the second-highest scorer in the 2006 FIFA World Cup qualification in the European zone with seven
goals,[393] and scored his first World Cup goal against Iran (20) with a penalty kick in Portugal's second match in
the group stage.[396]
During a quarter-final match against England on 1 July 2006, Ronaldo's United teammate Wayne Rooney was sent
off for stamping on Portugal defender Ricardo Carvalho. The English media speculated that Ronaldo had
influenced referee Horacio Elizondo's decision by aggressively complaining, after which he was seen in replays
winking at the Portuguese bench following Rooney's dismissal. After the match, Ronaldo insisted that Rooney was
a friend and that he was not pushing for Rooney to be sent off.[397] On 4 July, Elizondo clarified that the red card
was due to Rooney's infraction and not the fracas between Rooney and Ronaldo that followed.[398]
The angry reaction from the English press caused Ronaldo to consider leaving United,[399] and he allegedly told
Spanish sports daily Marca that he wished to move to Real Madrid.[400] In response to the speculation, Ferguson
sent Portuguese assistant manager Carlos Queiroz to speak to Ronaldo in attempt to change his mind, a sentiment
that was shared by Rooney.[401][402] Ronaldo stayed, and signed his new five-year extension in April 2007.[403]
Ronaldo was booed during Portugal's semi-final defeat to France (01),[404] and missed out on the competition's
Best Young Player award due to a negative e-mail campaign from England fans.[405] Though the online vote only
affected the nomination process, FIFA's Technical Study Group awarded the honour to Germany's Lukas Podolski,
citing Ronaldo's behaviour as a factor in the decision.[406]
Post-World Cup

One day after his 22nd birthday, Ronaldo captained Portugal for the first time in a friendly against Brazil on 6
February 2007.[407] This move was in honour of Portuguese Football Federation president Carlos Silva, who had
died two days earlier. Portugal coach Luiz Felipe Scolari explained, "Mr. Silva asked me to make [Ronaldo]
captain as a gesture... [he] is too young to be captain, but Mr. Silva asked me, and now he is no longer with us".[408]
Euro 2008 and 2010 World Cup

Ronaldo was made full-time captain of Portugal after UEFA Euro 2008.

Ronaldo scored eight goals in Portugal's UEFA Euro 2008 qualifying campaign,[409] behind Poland's Ebi Smolarek,
but finished with only one goal in the tournament. When Portugal's squad for the tournament was announced,
Ronaldo was given the number 7 shirt for the first time in a major tournament.[410] He was named man of the match
in the group match against the Czech Republic, in which Portugal won 31.[411] Portugal were eliminated in the
quarter-finals with a 32 loss against eventual finalists Germany.[412]
After Portugal's unsuccessful performance in the European Championship, Luiz Felipe Scolari was replaced as
Portugal coach with Carlos Queiroz.[413] In July 2008, Queiroz named Ronaldo as the new permanent captain of the
Portugal national team.[414]
On 15 June 2010, in Portugal's opening 2010 World Cup match against Cte d'Ivoire, Ronaldo was tackled by
right-back Guy Demel, which led to an argument and both being booked. The next day, Portugal contacted FIFA to
suggest that Ronaldo's yellow card be rescinded since he was "pulled into" the confrontation after having already
moved away from the spot where he was tackled, but the appeal was rejected.[415]
Ronaldo was named man of the match in all three of Portugal's group matches against Cte d'Ivoire (00), North
Korea (70) and Brazil (00).[416][417][418] His only goal of the tournament came in Portugal's 70 group stage
thrashing of North Korea on 21 June,[419] which marked his first international goal in 16 months.[420] The World Cup
ended for Portugal with a 10 loss against eventual champions Spain in the Round of 16.[421]
Euro 2012

Ronaldo scored seven goals in Portugal's UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying campaign, including two strikes against
Bosnia in the play-offs for the tournament, and finished behind Germany's Miroslav Klose and the Netherlands'
Klaas-Jan Huntelaar (not including the play-offs round). Portugal were drawn in Group B with Netherlands,
Denmark and Germany, which was widely referred to as the "group of death" of the tournament.[422] In an
interview with Kicker Magazine, Ronaldo stated that: "I will only be fully content with my career when I have
lifted a trophy with Portugal".[423][424]

Ronaldo against Germany in their group stage match at UEFA Euro 2012.

After the opening 01 defeat against Germany, Ronaldo was criticised for under performing, showing frustration at
his and his team-mates' errors and for walking off into the changing-rooms straight after the match, rather than
thanking the crowd with the team. Ronaldo's team-mate, Nani, later defended him, stating that he had left the pitch
as he needed to instantly be treated for a possible injury, also adding that he was under excessive pressure, as
football is a team sport.[425]
During the group stage match between Denmark and Portugal (3-2 win), Ronaldo missed two gilt-edged one-onone chances.[426][427] In the final group match between Portugal and the Netherlands, Ronaldo scored two goals and
had two other chances go against the woodwork to secure a 21 victory for Portugal, allowing the team to advance
to the quarterfinals;[428] he was named "Man of the Match".[429]
Ronaldo was further praised for his performance against the Czech Republic in the quarter-finals, where he darted
in from behind his marker in the 79th minute and headed a cross from Joao Moutinho, sending Portugal into the
semifinals with a 10 victory. After scoring the winning goal, he ran to the camera and chanted "para ti" as he had
dedicated the goal to his son;[430][431] he was named "Man of the Match" for a second time throughout the
tournament.[432]
In the semi-final against Spain, Ronaldo had several chances, but he sent three shots over the bar.[433] His best
chance came in the 90th minute, but shot the ball high and wide.[434] The match ended with penalties, but Ronaldo
did not take a penalty in the shootout as he had been slated to take the fifth one, but it never got that far.[435] The
Portugal coach, Paulo Bento, knocked back criticism of Ronaldo not being employed earlier in the shootout: "Well
we had this plan and if it would have been 44 and he would have taken the last penalty we would talk in a
different way".[436][437]
Before and throughout the tournament, Ronaldo was particularly hailed by Diego Maradona, who described
Ronaldo as "the best player on the planet" and went on to say that "[Ronaldo] has shown his countrymen that he
does deserve a monument in Lisbon". Ronaldo was included in the UEFA Euro 2012 Team of the Tournament, the
second time after 2004, and finished the competition as the joint-top goalscorer with three goals, along with five
other players, although Spain's Fernando Torres took the Golden Boot. Though there was no third place playoff,
UEFA decided for the first time to award both of the semi-final losers bronze medals.[438]
2014 World Cup

Ronaldo, playing for Portugal in June 2013, taking on Luka Modri of Croatia

On 17 October 2012, Ronaldo won his 100th cap for the Portugal national team in a World Cup qualification
match against Northern Ireland (11) at Porto's Estdio do Drago. He became the third youngest European ever to
reach that figure in the process, after Germany's Lukas Podolski and Estonia's Kristen Viikme.[439]
On 14 August 2013, Ronaldo scored his 40th goal for Portugal in a 11 friendly draw against the Netherlands.[440]
On 6 September 2013, Ronaldo netted his first international hat-trick in a 15-minute spell in the second half at
Windsor Park against Northern Ireland (42) in a World Cup qualification match to become Portugal's secondhighest scorer ahead of Eusbio. With his goals against Northern Ireland, Ronaldo also established a personal
record, since it was the first time that he scored in three consecutive matches with Portugal.[441]
Ronaldo scored eight goals in Portugal's FIFA World Cup 2014 qualifying campaign, including all four of the
team's goals in the two-legged play-off against Sweden which ensured Portugal's place at the finals.[442] His hattrick in the second-leg made him tied for Portugal's all-time top goalscorer after equalling Pauleta's record tally of
47 international goals.[443]
On 5 March 2014, Ronaldo netted twice in Portugal's 51 friendly win over Cameroon to take his tally to 49 goals,
thus becoming his country's all-time leading goalscorer.[444] Going into the 2014 FIFA World Cup, as the team's
only star player, any Portugal success at the tournament largely rested on the shoulders of Ronaldo.[445] However,
Ronaldo was hampered by thigh injuries towards the end of the 201314 season with Real Madrid,[446] and the
Portuguese Football Association confirmed on 4 June 2014 that he had a "muscle injury on the back of his left
thigh as well as left-leg patellar tendinitis".[447]
Ronaldo regularly trained apart from Portugal's training session in order not to further aggravate his knee and thigh
problems and frequently left training early to ice his knee.[448] Though Ronaldo was doubtful for Portugal's 2014
World Cup opener against Germany, he managed to play the full 90 minutes as his side lost 40.[448] In relation to
his knee injury, on 18 June his doctor, Jose Carlos Noronha, warned Ronaldo that he risks threatening his career by
playing on for Portugal at the World Cup.[449] Despite ongoing doubts over his fitness, Ronaldo played in the
second match against the United States and delivered an assist for Varela's equaliser in the fifth minute of injury
time as the match finished 22, keeping alive Portugal's slender World Cup hopes.[450] Playing with strapping on
his left knee, Ronaldo scored the late winner against Ghana in a 21 victory, but Portugal were kept out of the
qualification spots on goal difference.[451] The strike was his 50th goal for Portugal, and he became the first
Portuguese player to play and score in three World Cup tournaments.[452]
Euro 2016

After missing the first game of the UEFA Euro 2016 qualifying against Albania due to injury,[453] Ronaldo scored
the winner in stoppage time on the 95th minute to help Portugal grab a 10 away win in Denmark.[454] With his
goal, Ronaldo became the competition's joint all-time leading goalscorer (including qualifying) with 22 goals.[455]
A month later, with the only goal to defeat Armenia in Faro, Ronaldo reached a record 23 goals in the European
Championship, surpassing Jon Dahl Tomasson of Denmark and Hakan kr of Turkey.[456] On 13 June 2015,
Ronaldo scored a hat-trick in Portugal's 32 win in Armenia.[457]
Style of play

Ronaldo in action for Real Madrid against Espanyol in December 2012.

Widely regarded as one of the two best players in the world within his generation (the other being Lionel Messi)
[458][459]
and as one of the best players to ever play the game,[460] Cristiano Ronaldo plays an attacking role, most
often playing as either a striker[461] or as a winger,[462] and is known in particular for his finishing, pace, dribbling,
crossing and ability on free kicks.[210][463] He is able to play on either wing as well through the center of the pitch,
making him a versatile attacker, capable of playing in any offensive position.[464]
From a tactical standpoint, Ronaldo usually plays in a free role, often drifting from the left wing into the centre
when moving off the ball.[465] Ronaldo is known to be mentally sharp, with good vision and positioning, often
predicting certain plays; he also possesses quick reactions, opportunism, balance, and agility.[465] Although right
footed, he is also able to control the ball, cross, and finish well with his left foot.[465]
Ronaldo is known for his technical skill, control and dribbling ability, as well as his flair in beating players during
one on one situations.[461] A prolific goalscorer, he is able to finish well both inside the area and from distance with
an accurate and powerful shot.[210][466] He is also an accurate penalty kick and set piece specialist, who is renowned
for his powerful, bending free kicks.[467] His height, strength, jumping ability and heading technique have given
him an edge in winning aerial challenges for balls, with many of his goals often being headers.[461][468] He is also
known for his stamina, and in particular, his great pace and acceleration, both with and without the ball; in 2014 he
was named one of the fastest football players in the world.[469]
Following his arrival at Manchester United, Ronaldo underwent a major body transformation, from a slender
youth to an athletically built adult. His well-built, muscular body type allows him to retain possession of the ball.
[470]
Some figures in football, such as Mike Clegg (former Manchester United strength and conditioning coach) and
French great Zinedine Zidane, have praised Ronaldo's work ethic and dedication to improvement on the training
field.[471][472] His drive and determination is fuelled by a desire to carve his name in history alongside footballing
legends such as Pel and Diego Maradona,[473] but he has also stated that he would rather be remembered as a role
model than one of world football's best players.[474]

Ronaldo controlling the ball on his chest during a La Liga game against UD Almera

Ronaldo has also undergone several tactical evolutions throughout his career. While at Sporting Lisbon, and during
his first season at Manchester United, in his youth, he was deployed as a traditional winger, on the right side of

midfield, although he would occasionally drift into the centre or switch onto the left wing. In this position, he was
able to use his pace, agility, quick feet, and technical skills to take on opponents in one on one situations, often
displaying creativity and an array of tricks and feints, such as stepovers; after beating defenders on the wing, he
would subsequently play accurate curling crosses into the penalty area.[461] He often undertook individual dribbling
runs during his youth.[465] Despite his talent, he was also criticised at times by manager Alex Ferguson, team mates
and media for being selfish or overly flamboyant.[475][476] During the next few seasons, however, Ronaldo
developed into more of a team player, and his work-rate, strength, and ability to find the net with more consistency
improved drastically on the left wing, where he was able to participate in build-up plays, and move into the centre
to take shots on goal, after beating defenders. He also began to play a more creative role for his team, functioning
as a playmaker at times due to his vision and passing ability.[465] During the 2006-07 season, he managed 19 assists
in all competitions.[477] In his final seasons at Manchester United, he began to play an even more prolific, attacking,
and central role, playing both as a striker and as a supporting forward, or even as an attacking midfielder on
occasion.[465]

Ronaldo in action with Portugal in 2012.

At Real Madrid, Ronaldo continued to play a more offensive role for his team, shown by his record breaking
goalscoring feats, while his creative and defensive duties became more limited.[465] He also became a more
efficient and consistent player at Real Madrid where he was also able to excel due to their counter-attacking style
of play.[478] While he was initially deployed as a centre-forward, he was later moved back onto the left wing, but in
a free tactical role, which made it harder for defenders to track his runs Into the penalty area, allowing him to find
the back of the net more often.[479][480]
Ronaldo has at times been criticised for diving when tackled, about which Jos Mourinho responded, "Cristiano is
a player who does not have the culture of the swimming pool, he has no culture of simulation, he is a Britishtrained player, Ferguson trained. In some cases, the simulators are given more protection, and those who are honest
are often the losers. I'm not a hypocrite if I say that they (defenders) hit Cristiano very hard, and that the yellow
cards do not arrive or are slow in coming".[481]
Earlier in his career, Ronaldo had been described as having an "arrogant image" on the field with Ronaldo stating
that he had become a "victim", because of how he was portrayed in the media.[482] He is often seen moaning,
gesticulating and scowling while trying to inspire his team to victory, with Ronaldo insisting that his competitive
nature should not be mistaken for arrogance.[482] His managers, team-mates and various journalists have
commented that this reputation has caused an unfair image of him.[483][484][485][486][487][488] In 2014, Ronaldo told

France Football that he had made a "mistake" when he said in 2011, "People are jealous of me as I am young
handsome and rich", adding that he had matured since then and fans understood him better.[489]
Ronaldo's talent, skill and consistent goalscoring ability have led him to be considered a decisive player who
stands out in games, and who can be a match changer.[490]

"Maturity brings many things. When I went to see them play against City, some of his
decision-making in terms of passing was brilliant. One-touch passing, good crosses. In
the six years we had him, you just saw his game grow all the time, and he was a
fantastic player. Now you see the complete player. His decision-making, his maturity,
his experience, plus all the great skills he has got, they all make him the complete
player".[491]

Alex Ferguson on the 27-year-old Ronaldo, January 2013


Comparisons to Lionel Messi
Main article: MessiRonaldo rivalry
Ronaldo with Lionel Messi before an international friendly between Portugal and Argentina in
Geneva, Switzerland, on 9 February 2011.

Both players have scored in two UEFA Champions League finals and have regularly broken the 50 goal barrier in
a single season. Sports journalists and pundits regularly argue the individual merits of both players in an attempt to
argue who they believe is the best player in modern football.[492] It has been compared to legendary sports rivalries
such as the Muhammad Ali-Joe Frazier rivalry in boxing which culminated with the Thrilla in Manila, the Borg
McEnroe rivalry in tennis, and the Ayrton Senna-Alain Prost rivalry from Formula One.[493][494]
"It's part of my life now. People are bound to compare us. He tries to do his best for his club and for his national team, as I do, and
there is a degree of rivalry with both of us trying to do the best for the teams we represent."
Cristiano Ronaldo commenting on his rivalry with Messi.[495]

Some commentators choose to analyse the differing physiques and playing styles of the two,[496] while part of the
debate revolves around the contrasting personalities of the two players: Ronaldo is sometimes depicted as an
arrogant and theatrical showoff, while Messi is portrayed as a shy, humble character.[497][498][499][500]
In a 2012 interview, Ronaldo commented on the rivalry, saying "I think we push each other sometimes in the
competition, this is why the competition is so high",[501] while Ronaldo's manager during his time at Manchester
United, Alex Ferguson, opined that "I don't think the rivalry against each other bothers them. I think they have
their own personal pride in terms of wanting to be the best".[502] Messi himself denied any rivalry, saying that it
was "only the media, the press, who wants us to be at loggerheads but I've never fought with Cristiano".[503]
Responding to the claims that he and Messi do not get on well on a personal level, Ronaldo commented; "We don't
have a relationship outside the world of football, just as we don't with a lot of other players", before adding that in
years to come he hopes they can laugh about it together, stating; "We have to look on this rivalry with a positive
spirit, because it's a good thing."[495] Representing arch rivals Barcelona and Real Madrid, the two players face
each other at least twice every season in the world's biggest club game, El Clsico, which had a global audience of
400 million viewers in March 2014.[504]
Career statistics
Club
As of match played 29 August 2015

Club statistics
Cup[a]

League
Club

Season

Sporting CP

Ap Goa Ap Goa App Goa Ap Goa Ap Goa Ap Goal


ps ls ps ls
s
ls ps ls ps ls ps
s

Primeira
Liga

25

3[c]

31

25

31

200304

29

5[d]

40

200405

33

8[d]

50

33

8[d]

47

12

34

17

11[d]

53

23

200708

34

31

11[d]

1[e]

49

42

200809

33

18

12[d]

2[f]

53

26

26

13

12

55

16

6[d]

35

33

54

53

2002
03[505]

200506
200607

Premier
League

Total

Real Madrid

Total

Division

Total

Manchester
United[506]

League
Europe Other[b]
Cup

196 84

292 118

2009
10[507]

29

2010
11[508]

34 40[g]

12[d]

2011
12[509]

38

46

10[d] 10

55

60

34

34

12[d] 12

55

55

2013
14[511]

30

31

11[d] 17

47

51

2014
15[512]

35

48

12[d] 10

54

61

201516

202 225 28

21

64

64

423 312 57

36

2012
13[510]

La Liga

Total
Career total

26

12

121 78

302 313

12

625 436

1.
Includes the Taa de Portugal, FA Cup and Copa del Rey
Includes the FA Community Shield, UEFA Super Cup, FIFA Club World Cup and Supercopa de
Espaa
one appearance in UEFA Champions League, two appearances in UEFA Cup
All appearance(s) in UEFA Champions League

Appearance in FA Community Shield


All appearances in FIFA Club World Cup
1.

Does not include one goal scored on 18 September 2010 against Real Sociedad.
Marca, which awards the Pichichi Trophy, attribute it to Ronaldo, while La Liga and UEFA
attribute it to Pepe.[241]

International

Ronaldo (left) playing against Argentina in Geneva, Switzerland on 9 February 2011.


As of match played 13 June 2015.[3][513][514]
National team

Portugal

Total
Honours
Club
Manchester United[515]

Premier League: 200607, 200708, 200809

FA Cup: 200304

Year

Apps

Goals

2003

2004

16

2005

11

2006

14

2007

10

2008

2009

2010

11

2011

2012

13

2013

10

2014

2015

122

55

Football League Cup: 200506, 200809

FA Community Shield: 2007

UEFA Champions League: 200708

FIFA Club World Cup: 2008

Real Madrid[515]

La Liga: 201112

Copa del Rey: 201011, 201314

Supercopa de Espaa: 2012

UEFA Champions League: 201314

UEFA Super Cup: 2014

FIFA Club World Cup: 2014

Individual

Ronaldo presenting his second FIFA Ballon d'Or to fans at the Santiago Bernabu in January 2015.

FIFA Ballon d'Or: 2013,[515] 2014[516]

Ballon d'Or: 2008[515]

FIFA World Player of the Year: 2008[515]

UEFA Euro Team of the Tournament: 2004, 2012

Bravo Award: 2004

UEFA Team of the Year: 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

Sir Matt Busby Player of the Year: 200304, 200607, 200708

PFA Premier League Team of the Year: 200506, 200607, 200708, 200809

PFA Young Player of the Year: 200607

PFA Players' Player of the Year: 200607, 200708

FWA Footballer of the Year: 200607, 200708

Barclays Player of the Year 200607, 200708

Premier League Player of the Month: November 2006, December 2006, January 2008, March
2008

ESM Team of the Year: 200607, 200708, 201011, 201112, 201213, 201314

Premier League Golden Boot: 200708

European Golden Shoe: 200708, 201011, 201314, 201415[515]

FIFA FIFPro World XI: 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

UEFA Champions League top scorer: 200708, 201213, 201314, 201415

UEFA Club Forward of the Year: 200708

UEFA Club Footballer of the Year: 200708

FIFA Club World Cup Silver Ball: 2008, 2014

FIFPro World Player of the Year: 2008[517]

Onze d'Or: 2008, 2013, 2014

World Soccer Player of the Year: 2008, 2013, 2014

FIFA Pusks Award: 2009

La Liga top scorer: 201011, 201314, 201415[515]

Copa del Rey top goalscorer: 201011

Trofeo Alfredo Di Stfano: 201112, 201213, 201314

UEFA Euro Top scorer: 2012

La Liga Player of the Month: November 2013

La Liga Player of the Month: May 2015

LFP Most Valuable Player: 201213

IFFHS World's Best Top Goal Scorer: 2013[518]

ESPY Awards Best International Athlete: 2014[519]

UEFA Best Player in Europe Award: 201314

UEFA Champions League Team of the Season: 201314, 201415[520]

LFP Best Player: 201314

LFP Best Forward: 201314

LFP Best Goal: 201314

BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year: 2014

La Liga Team of the Season: 201415[521]

Orders
Officer of the Order of Prince Henry[522]

Medal of Merit, Order of the Immaculate Conception of Vila Viosa (House of


Bragana)[523]
Grand officer of the Order of Prince Henry[524]

Records

(As of 23 May 2015)


World

The most expensive footballer in history: 20092013[525]

Most international goals in a calendar year: 25 (in 2012, shared with Vivian Woodward and
Lionel Messi)[526]

First footballer to reach 40 goals in a professional league for two consecutive seasons [526]

Only player to score in every minute of an official football game [329]

Only player to win the League title, Domestic Cup, Domestic Supercup, Champions League,
Club World Cup, League Player of the Year, Golden Shoe and Ballon d'Or at two different
clubs (Manchester United and Real Madrid)[527][528]

Most appearances in the FIFPro World XI: 8 times (2007-2014) (shared with Lionel Messi)[529]

First and only player to appear in the FIFPro World XI for two different clubs.

Europe

Most goals scored in European competitions (club football): 80 goals [530][531][532]

Most goals scored in the UEFA Champions League: 77 goals (shared with Lionel Messi)[533]

Most goals scored in a UEFA Champions League/European Cup season: 17 goals in 2013
14[534]

Most goals scored in the UEFA Champions League group stage: 9 goals in 201314 (shared
with Luiz Adriano)[314]

Most goals scored in UEFA Champions League knockout phase: 39 goals

Most UEFA Champions League goals scored in a calendar year: 15 goals in 2013 [535]

Only footballer to have won the European Golden Shoe in two different leagues: English
Premier League (200708) and Spanish La Liga (201011, 201314, 201415) [536]

Most goals scored in the UEFA European Championship, including qualifying: 26 goals, for
Portugal[456]

First footballer to ever score 10 goals in four consecutive UEFA Champions League seasons:
2011-12 to 2014-15[537]

Only footballer to score for two different winning teams in the European Cup: Manchester
United (200708) and Real Madrid (201314)[538]

Most away goals scored in Champions League history: 39 goals [539]

Most consecutive UEFA Champions League away games scored in: 12

Most wins in the UEFA Champions League Knockout phase: 28 wins

Most braces scored in the UEFA Champions League: 18

Most consecutive UEFA Champions League matches scored in: 8 matches in 201314[540]

Most European Golden Shoe awards: 4[536]

Most UEFA Team of the Year appearances: 9 times[541]

Most consecutive appearances in the UEFA Team of the Year: 8 (2007-2014)[542]

Only player to be among the finalists for all the editions of the UEFA Best Player in Europe
Award: 2010-11 to 2014-15[543]

Spain

Most hat-tricks in La Liga history: 27[544]

Fastest La Liga player to score 150 league goals [545]

Fastest La Liga player to score 200 league goals [18]

Most consecutive Clsicos matches scored in: 6 matches[546]

Best scoring start in a Spanish league season: 15 goals in eight rounds [361]

Fastest footballer to score 20 league goals: 12 games (missed one game due to injury) [547]

Only player to reach 30 goals in five consecutive La Liga seasons [548]

Most teams scored against in a season (2012/13): 19 (shared with Ronaldo and Lionel Messi)
[549]

Most La Liga hat-tricks in a season: 8 hat-tricks (shared with Lionel Messi)[550]

Real Madrid

Fastest player to reach 50 league goals[551]

Fastest player to reach 100 league goals[552]

Fastest player to reach 200 official goals[553]

Most goals scored in seven consecutive league matches: 15 goals [363]

First player to score in eight consecutive matchdays [554]

Most hat-tricks in Real Madrid's history: 31[555]

Outside football
Personal life

Ronaldo during his spell at Real Madrid.

Ronaldo's father, Jos Dinis Aveiro, died of an alcoholism-related liver condition at the age of 52 in September
2005 when Ronaldo was 20.[556][557] Ronaldo has said that he does not drink alcohol and he received libel damages
over a Daily Mirror article that reported him drinking heavily in a nightclub while recovering from an injury in
July 2008.[558]
In October 2005, a month after his father died, Ronaldo was arrested on suspicion of raping a woman in a London
hotel and released on bail.[559] Ronaldo denied the allegations and charges were dropped by Scotland Yard in
November 2005 due to "insufficient evidence". Ronaldo issued a statement saying: "I have always strongly
maintained my innocence of any wrong-doing and I am glad that this matter is at an end so that I can concentrate
on playing for Manchester United".[560]
Ronaldo became a father on 17 June 2010 following the birth of a son.[561] The child, named Cristiano, and
nicknamed by the family 'Cristianinho',[562] was born in the United States,[563] and Ronaldo announced that he had
full custody.[564] Ronaldo has never publicly revealed the identity of his son's mother.[565]
Ronaldo has previously dated English models Alice Goodwin[566] and Gemma Atkinson. In 2010, he began dating
Russian model Irina Shayk, who he allegedly met through their Armani Exchange campaigns.[567] The couple
ended their relationship in January 2015.[568] He is a Roman Catholic.[569] Ronaldo does not have tattoos as it would
prevent him from donating blood, which he does several times a year.[570] In August 2015, Ronaldo bought an
$18.5 million loft in Trump Tower in New York City.[571]
Philanthropy

Television footage of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami showed an eight-year-old boy survivor
named Martunis wearing a No. 7 Portuguese football shirt who was stranded for 19 days after his family was
killed. Following this, Ronaldo visited Aceh, Indonesia, to raise funds for rehabilitation and reconstruction.[572][573]
After accepting undisclosed damages from a libel case against The Sun newspaper in 2008, Ronaldo donated the

damages to a charity in Madeira.[574] In 2009, Ronaldo donated 100,000 to the hospital that saved his mother's life
in Madeira following her battle with cancer, so that they could build a cancer centre on the island.[575] In support of
the victims of the 2010 Madeira flood, Ronaldo pledged to play in a charity match in Madeira between the
Primeira Liga club FC Porto and players from Madeiran-based clubs Martimo and Nacional.[576]
In 2012, Ronaldo and his agent paid for specialist treatment for a nine-year-old Canarian boy with apparently
terminal cancer.[577] In November 2012, Ronaldo sold the golden boot he had won in 2011 for 1.5 million and
gave the money to fund schools for children in Gaza.[578] In December 2012, Ronaldo joined FIFA's '11 for Health'
programme to raise awareness amongst kids of how to steer clear of conditions including drug addiction, HIV,
malaria and obesity.[579][580]
In January 2013, Ronaldo became Save the Children's new Global Artist Ambassador, in which he hopes to help
fight child hunger and obesity.[581] In March, Ronaldo agreed to be the ambassador for The Mangrove Care Forum
in Indonesia, an organisation aiming to raise awareness of mangrove conservation.[582]
In November 2014, Ronaldo appeared in FIFA's "11 against Ebola" campaign with a selection of top football
players from around the world, including Neymar, Gareth Bale, Xavi and African superstar Didier Drogba.[583]
Under the slogan "Together, we can beat Ebola", FIFA's campaign was done in conjunction with the Confederation
of African Football and health experts, with the players holding up eleven messages to raise awareness of the
disease and ways to combat it.[583]
Wealth

In May 2014, Forbes ranked Ronaldo first in their list of the world's highest paid football players, with earnings of
$73 million in combined income from salaries, bonuses and off-field earnings for the previous 12 months.[584]
On the most recently published ranking of 'The World's Highest-Paid Athletes' by Forbes, Cristiano Ronaldo was
second (behind boxer Floyd Mayweather, Jr.) with total earnings of $80 million over a 12-month period.[585]
Endorsements

One of the most marketable athletes on the planet, Ronaldo has signed many endorsement deals as his reputation
rapidly grew from his time at Manchester United.[586][587] In October 2009, Ronaldo was named the new
"spokesmodel" for Emporio Armani men's underwear and jeans.[588] In February 2010, he re-upped his
endorsement contract with American sportswear company Nike until 2014.[589]
He has worn Nike Mercurial boots his entire career,[590] alternating between the Vapor & Superfly models
depending on which is the top tier Nike boot at the time. Since 2010 Nike have created signature Ronaldo boots,
the first the Superfly II Safari CR7,[591] and the latest in 2014 the Mercurial Superfly CR7.[592] Ronaldo's other
endorsement deals include Coca-Cola, Castrol, Konami, Banco Espirito Santo, Motorola, Jacob & Co, KFC, Tag
Heuer, Fly Emirates, Samsung, Sacoor Brothers, Herbalife and Pokerstars.[587][593][594][595][596][597][598]
Fashion

In 2006, Ronaldo opened a fashion boutique under the name "CR7" (his initials and shirt number) on the island of
Madeira, Portugal. Ronaldo expanded his business with a second clothes boutique in Lisbon in 2008. The stores
include diamond-studded belts, jeans with leather pockets and patented buckled loafers. The store also sells slinky
outfits for women.[599]
In 2013, in partnership with Danish company JBS Textile Group and the New York fashion designer Richard Chai,
Ronaldo co-designed a range of underwear.[600] He later grew his CR7 fashion brand by launching a line of
premium shirts[601] and shoes.[602] In June 2015, Ronaldo announced that he would be releasing his fragrance later
in the summer.[603]

Media

Ronaldo's autobiography, titled Moments, was published in December 2007.[604] In June 2010, during the build-up
to the World Cup, Ronaldo became the fourth footballer after Steven Gerrard, Pel and David Beckham to be
represented as a waxwork at Madame Tussauds London.[605] In December 2013, the Madrid Wax Museum
represented a waxwork of Ronaldo.[606] Ronaldo is sponsored by the U.S. sportswear company Nike and features in
their television advertisements.[607]
Ronaldo was featured on the front cover of the video games FIFA Street 2 and Pro Evolution Soccer 2008. He was
later featured on the cover of Pro Evolution Soccer 2012 and was involved in promotional campaigns for the
game.[608] In December 2011, Ronaldo launched an iPhone game called Heads Up with Cristiano. The game is
created by developer RockLive.[609] He was then the face of Pro Evolution Soccer 2013, and was also involved in
the motion capturing and the trailers.[610] Ronaldo also features in EA Sports' FIFA video game series as well as the
spin-off franchise FIFA Street, appearing in every game since FIFA Football 2004. The series features Ronaldo's
"Thigh Flex" (FIFA 13), "The Bear" (FIFA 14), "Calm Down" (FIFA 14) and "Right Here Right Now" (FIFA 15)
celebrations.[611]
In August 2010, Ronaldo became the first sportsperson to reach 50 million followers on Facebook;[612] In October
2014, Ronaldo became the first sportsperson, and the second person after Shakira, to reach 100 million followers
on Facebook.[613] He also tops the list of most-followed athletes on Twitter with over 30 million followers.[613]
According to Forbes, Ronaldo had the 5th highest social rank in the world in 2012, bettered only by Lady Gaga,
Rihanna, Justin Bieber, and Katy Perry.[614]
In September 2011, Ronaldo's physical performance was subject to scrutiny by world media, after Castrol released
a television film named Ronaldo: Tested to the Limit where he was tested in several fields, including mental and
physical tests.[615] In July 2012, computer security company McAfee produced a report ranking footballers by the
probability of an internet search for their name leading to an unsafe website. Ronaldo's name led the list.[616]

The opening of the Cristiano Ronaldo Museum, "CR7", in Funchal, Madeira, on 15 December 2013.

In 2012, SportsPro rated Ronaldo as the fifth most marketable athlete in the world,[617] but he slipped to eighth
position in 2013 with Brazilian star Neymar topping both lists.[618] A January 2014 report on the market value of
Lionel Messi rated Messi as "five times more marketable" than Ronaldo.[619] In May 2014, international sports
market research company Repucom named Ronaldo the most marketable football player in the world.[620]
In December 2013, Ronaldo opened a museum, Museu CR7, in his hometown of Funchal, to house trophies and
memorabilia of his life and playing career,[621] and launched a dedicated social networking website and mobile app.
[622]

At a ceremony held at the Belm Palace in January 2014, President of Portugal Anbal Cavaco Silva raised
Ronaldo to the rank of Grand Officer of the Order of Prince Henry, "to distinguish an athlete of world renown who
has been a symbol of Portugal globally, contributing to the international projection of the country and setting an
example of tenacity for future generations".[623] In April 2014, he was named in the Time 100, Time Magazine's
annual list of the most influential people in the world.[624]

In May 2014, Ronaldo appeared with his then-Russian model girlfriend Irina Shayk on the front cover of Vogue's
Spanish edition.[625] A bronze statue of Ronaldo, designed by artist Ricardo Madeira Veloso, was unveiled in his
hometown of Funchal on the island of Madeira on 21 December 2014.[626][627]
A 2014 documentary, Cristiano Ronaldo: The World at his Feet, narrated by the actor Benedict Cumberbatch, was
released via Vimeo and Vision Films.[628] A documentary film about his life and career, titled Ronaldo, is in postproduction. Directed by BAFTA-winner Anthony Wonke, the film is produced and distributed by Universal
Pictures, while Asif Kapadia is the executive producer.[629]
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Chaitra (30 / 31* Days) Begins March 22 / 21*


Vaisakha (31 Days) Begins April 21
Jyaistha (31 Days) Begins May 22
Asadha (31 Days) Begins June 22
Shravana (31 Days) Begins July 23
Bhadra (31 Days) Begins August 23
Asvina (30 Days) Begins September 23
Kartika (30 Days) Begins October 23
Agrahayana (30 Days) Begins November 22
Pausa (30 Days) Begins December 22
Magha (30 Days) Begins January 21
Phalguna (30 Days) Begins February 20