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Micro Wave


A microwave oven, or a microwave, is a

kitchen appliance that cooks or heats food by
dielectric heating. This is accomplished by using
microwave radiation to heat water and
other polarized molecules within the food. This
excitation is fairly uniform, leading to
food being adequately heated throughout
(except in thick objects), a feature not seen in
any other heating technique.
Different Models of Microwaves
History of Micro Wave Oven

Microwaves was discovered accidentally in

the 1940s by a self-taught engineer Named
Percy Spencer.
He was working on an active radar set when
he noticed that a peanut chocolate bar he
had in his pocket started to melt. The radar
had melted his chocolate bar with

In 1947, the company built the Radarange,

the first microwave oven in the world. It was
almost 6 feet (1.8 m) tall, weighed 750
pounds (340 kg) and cost about US$5,000
each. It consumed 3 kilowatts,
An early commercial model introduced in
1954 consumed 1600 watts and sold for
US$2,000 to US$3,000.
Inventor the microwave oven

Dr. Percy Spencer

Working of Microwave Oven

A microwave oven works by passing non-

ionizing microwave radiation, usually at a
frequency of 2.45 gigahertz (GHz) (a
wavelength of 12.24 cm (4.82 in)), through
the food.
Microwave radiation is between common
radio and infrared frequencies.

Water, fat, and other substances in the food

absorb energy from the microwaves in a process
called dielectric heating. Many molecules (such as
those of water) are electric dipoles, meaning that
they have a positive charge at one end and a
negative charge at the other, and therefore rotate
as they try to align themselves with the alternating
electric field of the microwaves. This molecular
movement represents heat which is then dispersed
as the rotating molecules hit other molecules and
put them into motion.
Different Parts of Microwave Oven

A microwave oven consists of:

1- A high voltage transformer, which passes energy
to the magnetron
2- A cavity magnetron, which converts high-voltage
electric energy to microwave radiation .
3- A magnetron control circuit (usually with a
3- A waveguide
4- A cooking chamber.
Different Parts of Microwave Oven
High voltage transformer,
Magnetron Cavity Structure
Types and Sizes of Micro wave

Consumer microwaves typically come in

two types
1- Compact Type Micro Wave.
Compact Type Micro Wave comes in three Sizes
a- Compact size Micro wave
b- Medium size Micro wave
c- Large size Micro wave
2- Built-in Type Micro Wave.

Cooking time is short

Destruction of nutrients is less
No physical change of foods
Melting process is easy
Sterilization effect exists
There is no flame, then treatment is easy.

Constraint with metal container

Heat force control is difficult
Water evaporation
Closed container is dangerous because it
could be burst
Surface toasting is impossible

Microwave oven is amazing household

appliance to heat up foods by using
microwaves. This Microwave has frequency
equals the resonance frequency of water.
Therefore foods could be heat up by
oscillation of water molecules.