You are on page 1of 9

AVK KNIFE GATE VALVE TYPE 1 3 4

702


Installation and maintenance instructions

The AVK knife gate valve is a patented resilient seated non-directional flow valve with automatic purifying
device and a drop tight closure for flow in both directions.
Advantages
Low weight and short face-to-face length make easy installation and minimum load on pipe connections
possible. The valve has a full bore enabling easy passage for all types of media. Contrary to other types of
knife gate valves, the AVK knife gate valve has no hollow space underneath the gate where sediment can
accumulate and obstruct the drop tight closure of the valve. A deflector conus can be supplied for particle
bearing or abrasive media. Other types and materials upon request. Up to maximum PN150.
Materials
In standard execution the valve is supplied with a valve body in grey cast iron, but upon enquiry it can also
be supplied in carbon steel or different kinds of stainless material. The valve is supplied with seat material in NBR (nitrile rubber). Depending on the media, temperatures and applications, the seat material can
be delivered in viton, EPDM, natural rubber and PTFE. Surface: impact-proof polyester-coating RAL 5017
(blue) min. 120-150m.
The valve can be supplied with handwheel for manual operation or with electric, pneumatic actuators.
The valve design enables easy and fast replacement of actuators.
The AVK knife gate valves are limited to certain maximum operating temperatures. It is important
that the customer specifies temperature, pressure and media of operation in order to ensure a maximum
function and operational life of the valve.
Installation
Flanges and gaskets must be checked before installation of the valve. Please notice that if the gasket
is not centered correctly leakages might occur from the sealing area due to the countersunk allen
bolts. The valves are supplied with coated, threaded holes to avoid corrosion. It is recommended that threaded holes be cleaned with a threaded gas tap before installation to ease the mounting of the bolts (see table
4 + 5 for bolt sizes).
Due to the compact design of the knife gate valve an eventual angular deflection of the pipe connections is
not accepted. Therefore, kindly check that the connecting flanges are in line, parallel and centred according
to the knife valve. AVK recommends that compensators or flexible pipe couplings be used for installation of
the valves. This, in order to relieve and absorb eventual tensions in the pipeline that may otherwise cause
compression of the body and hereby increase the opening / closing torque.
1) The valve is installed with no consideration to the flow direction. However, if a deflector conus for grinded
media is used, it must be installed up-stream (P1) to ensure a correct function.
2) When the valve is operated for the first time, the transverse seal on the top of the valve body must
be checked. From the supplier, the tightening bolts have been adjusted according to an average
tightening schedule. It is very important to check for leaks upon installation. If an adjustment is
required, please follow the below instructions.
3) Different work pressure demand different degrees of tightening. If the media is leaking from the top part
of the valve body, the counter nuts (table 6, pos. 4) must be loosened. Hereafter, the gland bolts (table 6,
pos. 5) on each side of the valve body must be tightened up slightly (adjustment according to table 1).
Finally, the counter nuts (table 6, pos. 4) are tightened up again. It is important that both bolts are tightened
up equally to avoid an uneven load of the knife.
4) If a pneumatic valve is installed horizontally, AVK recommends support of the cylinder due to the cylinder's
net weight and vibrations. The valve can be installed in all directions/positions, though not with the
handwheel/control downwards as the control may be damaged in case of leaks. The above conditions
are also valid for valves with electric actuators. For sub-merged and electric actuated valves AVK
recommends a solution with rising stem due to the risk of impurities accumulating in the spindle
thread.
5) Always lubricate the spindle and knife with neutral grease when the valve is installed in the system.
6)



AVK recommends that the spindle and knife is lubricated with neutral grease once every three months.
Recommended types of grease: A silicone spray of type Klberpaste Lusin Lub UH1 96-402 is
recommended. Other types of grease can also be used such as Krafft-MOLYKOTE 111 / Krafft-BASELA 3 /
Graisse AL/SI 3653 / Locktite 8104 / Molydal multi usage silicone. If other types of grease are used,
please contact your agent.

7) Recommended gasket sizes according to DIN 2501.


8) Instructions for tightening of valve and counter flange (table 3).
For further specifications, see section "Technical information".
The designs, materials and specifications shown are subject to change without notice due to our continuing programme of product development.
AVK INTERNATIONAL A/S / 2010-08-03

51702_version9GB

AVK KNIFE GATE VALVE TYPE 1 3 4


Installation and maintenance instructions

Test pressure (TP) and work pressure (WP) in kgs/cm2


DN 50
TP16
WP10

65
16
10

80
16
10

100
16
10

150
16
10

200
14
8

250
14
8

300
10
6

350
10
6

400
8
5

450 500
7
6
5
4

600 700
6
6
4
3

800 900 1000


3
3
3
2.5
2
1.5

Tightening table for gland bolts (table 6, pos. 5) in Nm:


Table 1
DN

Tightening
min. max.

50
65
80
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
700
800
900
1000

3
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
9
10
14
15
27
32
40
49
59

4
4
5
5
6
6
7
8
11
13
16
19
32
38
47
56
66

Tightening of the two valve bodies (table 6 pos. 6)



Table 2
DN


50

65

80

100

125

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

600

700

800

900
1000

Torque (Nm)
40
40
40
40
40
75
75
75
75
75
75
75
120
120
120
130
130
130

NB: When supplied with stainless steel U-sealing with PTFE the two valve bodies must be retightened according to

the torques in table 2 prior to installation!

702

AVK KNIFE GATE VALVE TYPE 1 3 4


Installation and maintenance instructions

Component list:
1. Flange
2. Valve
Table 3

Bolt must not be tightened to the bottom of the threaded hole of the valve.

Bolt thread (B) must be 3-4 mm shorter than the threaded hole.

Recommended.
Machine bolt C, counter nut D and flat disks.

702

AVK KNIFE GATE VALVE TYPE 1 + 4

702

Installation and maintenance instructions

Flange bolts (flange drilling)


Table 4

PN10

DN
K
D
T
R

50
125
100
9 M-16
65
145
120
9 M-16
80
160
135
13 M-16
100 180
158
13 M-16
125 210
188
13 M-16
150 240
212
12 M-20
200 295
268
12 M-20
250 350
320
16 M-20
300 400
370
16 M-20
350 460
430
20 M-20
400 515
482
24 M-24
450 565
532
24 M-24
500 620
585
25 M-24
600 725
685
29 M-27
700 840
800
35 M-27
800 950
905
30 M-30
900 1050 1005 39 M-30
1000 1160 1110 39 M-33

Flange
holes
4
4
8
8
8
8
8
12
12
16
16
20
20
20
24
24
28
28

Thread on
valve body
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
6
6
10
10
12
12
14
16
16
18
20

Through
holes
-
-
4
4
4
4
4
6
6
6
6
8
8
6
8
8
10
8

AVK KNIFE GATE VALVE TYPE 3

702

Installation and maintenance instructions

Flange bolts (flange drilling)


Table 5

PN10

DN
K
D
T
R


50
125
100
9 M-16
65
145
120
9 M-16
80
160
135
13 M-16
100 180
158
13 M-16
125 210
188
13 M-16
150 240
212
12 M-20
200 295
268
12 M-20
250 350
320
16 M-20
300 400
370
16 M-20
350 460
430
20 M-20
400 515
482
24 M-24
450 565
532
24 M-24
500 620
585
25 M-24
600 725
685
29 M-27

Flange
holes

Thread on
valve body

Through
holes

4
4
8
8
8
8
8
12
12
16
16
20
20
20

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
6
6
10
10
12
12
14

-
-
4
4
4
4
4
6
6
6
6
8
8
6

AVK KNIFE GATE VALVE TYPE 1 3 4

702

Installation and maintenance instructions

Maintenance
The AVK knife gate valve has a simple construction and requires only minimum maintenance without use of special tools when material
and gaskets are according to the producer's recommendations. Though, re-tightening of bolts is necessary (table 6, pos. 5).
AVK recommends that all valves be checked on a regular basis to ensure a correct function.
During routine inspection of the pipe system, the gaskets are checked (table 6, pos. 2 and 3). Since rubber material breaks down
gradually when exposed to the elements, a thorough check-up is necessary to reveal the nature of the sealing.
Replacement of gasket and/or seat:
The Allen bolts are removed with an Allen wrench (table 6, pos. 6) and the two halves of the valve body are separated. Furthermore,
the bolts tightening the spindle and knife are removed.
Change gaskets (pos. 2 and 3). Allen bolts are adjusted according to table 2. Remember to lubricate bolts and nuts. If the valves are
not operated on a regular basis, it is recommended to do so approx. once a month. See the section "installation" at page 1, point 6
regarding lubrication.
Table 6

Type 1 + 4

4
1

3
5
1
6

Type 3

4
1

3
5
1
6

AVK KNIFE GATE VALVE TYPE 1 3 4

702

Installation and maintenance instructions


Pneumatic actuated valves
Valves equipped with pneumatic cylinder actuators have gates for air intake and air bleeder. Both with BSP pipe thread.
The valve closes drop tight by minimum 87 psi (6 bar) air supply on the actuator. AVK recommends that the valve be installed in a
vertical position to obtain maximum support for the cylinder and hereby ensure an equal load when operating the valve. If the valve is
not installed in a vertical position, it is necessary to support the cylinder. Please also refer to page 1, item 4.
Air is supplied on the bottom part of the cylinder to open the valve.
If the air supply is below 6 bar, this may cause a too slow open/close cycle or that the valve does not close drop tight. If the air supply
is too weak, this may cause the control magneto valve to burn.
Air consumption for a cycle at 6 bar pressure
Table 7

Air pressure - Min. 6 bar


Max. 10 bar
DN
Cylinder Air consumption Running time

ltr./min.
approx.sec.
50
80
3.84
2-3
65
80
4.88
2-3
80
100
9.27
4-5
100
100
11.45
5-6
125
125
22.14
7-8
150
160
43.45
10-12
200
190
89.38
14-16
250
190
111.18
18-20
300
190
132.98
22-25
350
250
242.53
26-28
400
250
276.59
30-32
450
300
310.65
33-35
500
300
496.39
35-37
600
300
594.49
50-60

Air quality: Oil mist lubrication using SAE-10 oil is recommended:


Few daily operations: Approx. 1 drop per minute
Many daily operations or continuous operation: 2-3 drops per minute

1. Cap (upper)
2. O-ring
3. Body
4. Bolt
5. Piston
6. Spindle

7. Stem nut
8. O-ring
9. O-ring
10. Cap (lower)
11. Wiper ring

Air supply
connection
1/4" BSP
1/4" BSP
1/4" BSP
1/4" BSP
3/8" BSP
3/8" BSP
1/2" BSP
1/2" BSP
1/2" BSP
1/2" BSP
1/2" BSP
1/2" BSP
1/2" BSP
1/2" BSP

AVK KNIFE GATE VALVE TYPE 1 3 4

702

Installation and maintenance instructions

Valves operated by gear box or by electric actuator or in combination


Gear box & electric actuator (especially modulating actuators) must be inspected every week and lubricated every three months.
Further, the grease nipple at the actuator and the threaded spindle should be checked and lubricated periodically. The operation and
maintenance instructions of the electric actuator manufacturer should be followed by the customer.
Please remember lubricating nipple on A-clutch.
Make sure that the contour plug or protection pipe for rising stem is installed and intact.

Table 8


Valve

50
65
80
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
700
800
900
1000

AUMA Type
Max. torque
type/size

SA 07.1 F-10
SA 07.1 F-10
SA 07.1 F-10
SA 07.1 F-10
SA 07.1 F-10
SA 07.5 F-10
SA 07.5 F-10
SA 10.1 F-10
SA 10.1 F-10
SA 10.1 F-10
SA 10.1 F-10
SA 14.5 F-14
SA 14.5 F-14
SA 14.5 F-14
SA 14.5 F-14
SA 16.1 F-16
SA 16.1 F-16
SA 16.1 F-16

16 Nm
17 Nm
19 Nm
22 Nm
24 Nm
50 Nm
53 Nm
69 Nm
84 Nm
102 Nm
110 Nm
269 Nm
320 Nm
388 Nm
436 Nm
570 Nm
783 Nm
987 Nm

1. O-ring
2. Lower shell
3. Stem nut
4. Axial roller bearing
5. Balls guide
6. Split bushing
7. O-ring
8. Conical gear

9. Pin
10. Cover
11. Grease nipple
12. Radial roller bearing
13. Upper shell
14. Pin
15. Wheel gear

No. of turns
on/off

Thread
Tr. DIN 103

14
18
21
26
33
31
41
51
61
71
81
65
72
86
89
102
114
113

18 x 4
18 x 4
20 x 4
20 x 4
20 x 4
24 x 5
24 x 5
24 x 5
28 x 5
28 x 5
28 x 5
40 x 7
40 x 7
40 x 7
50 x 8
50 x 8
50 x 8
60 x 9

Actuator settings
- Right-hand closing valve
The actuator nut must be turned clockwise seen from above the drive on the right-hand closing knife valve.
Closing direction:
The limit switch is set to approx. 10 mm above the bottom in closing direction, and the torque switch is set according to the torque
stated in table 8.
The actuator stops on a signal from the torque switch and makes a fault complaint if the torque switch is pulled before the limit switch.
Opening direction:
The limit switch is set to approx. 10 mm below the top in the opening direction, and the torque switch is set according to the moments
stated in table 8.
The actuator stops on a signal from the limit switch and makes a fault complaint if the torque switch is pulled before the limit switch.

AVK KNIFE GATE VALVE TYPE 1 3 4

702

Installation and maintenance instructions

Actuator settings - Left-hand closing valve


The actuator net must be turned counter-clockwise seen from above the drive on the left-hand closing valves.
Closing direction:
The limit switch is set to approx. 10 mm above the bottom in closing direction, and the torque switch is set according to the torque
stated in table 8.
The actuator stops on a signal from the torque switch and makes a fault complaint if the torque switch is pulled before the limit switch.
Opening direction:
The limit switch is set to approx. 10 mm below the top in the opening direction, and the torque switch is set according to the torque
stated in table 8.
The actuator stops on a signal from the limit switch and makes a fault complaint if the torque switch is pulled before the limit switch.
Table 9 - Actuator for modulating service
Diameter Flange
nominal drilling
DN
PN

valve
Valve torque
Spindle
Flange
No
Auma
Power
working
min.
max
thread
top
of
SAR-modul.
consump.
pressure
size
turns
WP stand.

mm

bar

bar

Nm

Nm

50
65
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
700
800
900
1000

10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10

10,0
10,0
10,0
10,0
10,0
8,0
8,0
6,0
6,0
5,0
5,0
4,0
4,0
3,0
2,0
1,5
1,0

8
10
15
17
25
27
50
63
78
90
215
223
249
330
420
512
620

16
17
22
24
50
53
69
84
102
110
259
320
388
436
570
783
987

18 x 4
18 x 4
20 x 4
20 x 4
24 x 5
24 x 5
24 x 5
28 x 5
28 x 5
28 x 5
40 x 7
40 x 7
40 x 7
50 x 8
50 x 8
50 x 8
60 x 9

ISO 5210

F-10
F-10
F-10
F-10
F-10
F-10
F-14
F-14
F-14
F-14
F-16
F-16
F-16
F-25
F-25
F-25
F-30

q-ty

kW

14
17
26
33
31
41
51
61
71
81
65
72
86
89
102
114
113

0,37
0,37
0,37
0,37
0,75
0,75
1,5
1.5
1,5
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
5,5

SAR 07.5
SAR 07.5
SAR 07.5
SAR 07.5
SAR 10.1
SAR 10.1
SAR 14.1
SAR 14.1
SAR 14.1
SAR 14.5
SAR 16.1
SAR 16.1
SAR 16.1
SAR 25.1
SAR 25.1
SAR 25.1
SAR 30.1

It is recommended to use gearbox in connection with SAR actuators.

Table 10

Table 11
D
N

50
65
80
100
125
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
700
800
900
1000

End-stop
Approx. no. of turns

Kv: Flow in m3/h at 1 bar


pressure drop and 20C

DN


50

65

80

100

125

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

600

700

800

900
1000

11
15
18
23
30
29
39
49
59
69
79
63
70
84
88
101
113
112

Kv
99
167
253
396
619
891
1583
2474
3563
4849
6333
8016
9896
14250
19396
25334
32063
39584

r.p.m.

45rpm
45rpm
45rpm
45rpm
45rpm
45rpm
45rpm
45rpm
45rpm
45rpm
22rpm
22rpm
22rpm
11rpm
11rpm
11rpm
11rpm