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Student Study Session

Eulers Method and Logistic Growth Solutions (BC Only) Solutions


WehaveintentionallyincludedmorematerialthancanbecoveredinmostStudentStudy
Sessionstoaccountforgroupsthatareabletoanswerthequestionsatafasterrate.Useyour
ownjudgment,basedonthegroupofstudents,todeterminetheorderandselectionofquestions
toworkinthesession.Besuretoincludeavarietyoftypesofquestions(multiplechoice,free
response,calculator,andnoncalculator)inthetimeallotted.
Multiple Choice Solutions- Eulers Method
1. C
(2003 BC5
Original x
Original y
1
1.5

2
3.5

2. D
(2008 BC7)
Original x
Original y
1
1.5

-3
-3.5

x dx

y dy ( x y ) * dx

0.5
0.5

(1+2)*(0.5)=1.5
(1.5+3.5)*(0.5)=2.5

x dx

y dy 2 x y * dx

0.5
0.5

(2*1+(-3))*(0.5)=-0.5
(2*1.5+(-3.5))*(0.5)=-0.25

New x =
Original x +
dx
1.5
2.0

New y =
Original y + dy

New x =
Original x +
dx
1.5
2.0

New y =
Original y + dy

3.5
6.0

3. D (AP-like)
f (0.3) f (0) f (0) ( 0.3)

1 (0 2(1))(0.3) 1 0.6 0.4


f ( 0.6) f (0.3) f (0.3) (0.3)
0.4 ( 0.3 0.8)( 0.3) 0.4 0.15 0.25
4. C (AP-like)
f (4.2) f (4) f (4) (0.2)

2 (0.5)0.2 2 0.10 1.9


f (4.4) f (4.2) f (4.2) (0.2)
1.9 (0.3)0.2 1.9 0.06 1.84

Copyright 2013 National Math + Science Initiative, Dallas, TX. All rights reserved. Visit us online at www.nms.org

-3.5
-3.75

Eulers Method and Logistic Growth (BC Only)


Student Study Session

Free Response Solutions-Eulers Method


5. 2001 BC5b
f 1.5 f 1 f 1 0.5
(b)
4 3 1 4 0.5 2

1: Eulersmethodequationsor
equivalenttable
2
f 2
1: Eulerapproximationto
(noteligiblewithoutfirstpoint)

f 2 2 f 1.5 0.5

2 3 1.5 2 0.5 2.5

6. (2007 BC Form B 5cd)

(c)

(d)

1
1
7
1
f f 0 f 0 2 3
2
2
2
2
9
1
1
7
f 3 2 1
2
2
2
2
23
1
1 1
7 9 1
f 1 f f
4
2
2 2
2 2 2

1: Eulersmethodwith2
steps
2 1: Eulersapproximation
f 1
for

g 0 3 0 2 k
1 2k
1

g 0 g 0 1

2 1:
1: valueof k

g 1 g 0 g 0 1 k 2k 1 3k 1 0

1
k
3

Copyright 2013 National Math + Science Initiative, Dallas, TX. All rights reserved. Visit us online at www.nms.org

Eulers Method and Logistic Growth (BC Only)


Student Study Session

Multiple Choice Solutions-Logistic Growth


7. B

(2003 BC21)
dM
M

0.6 M 1

dt
200

or

dM 0.6

M (200 M )
dt
200
M 200
8. A (calculator not allowed)
M 200
dP
kP (200 P) 200kP kP 2
dt
k 0.001
Free Response Solutions- Logistic Growth
9. (2008 BC6)
(a)

(b)

1: solution curve
0, 8
through
2
1: solution curve
3, 2
through

f 8 2
2

1
7
2

7
f 1 7
8

105
1

16
2

1: Eulers method with


two steps
2 1: approximation of
f 1

Copyright 2013 National Math + Science Initiative, Dallas, TX. All rights reserved. Visit us online at www.nms.org

Eulers Method and Logistic Growth (BC Only)


Student Study Session

10. (2004 BC 5ab)


(a)

Forthislogisticdifferentialequation,the
carryingcapacityis12.

If P (0) = 20, lim P(t ) =12.


x

(b)

Thepopulationisgrowingthefastestwhen P
ishalfthecarryingcapacity.Therefore, P is
growingthefastestwhen

11. (1991 BC6)


2
(a) 2 y(1 y) 2 y 2 y isthelargestwhen

1
y
2 4 y 0 ,soproportionis
2
1
dy 2 dt
y
(1

y
)
(b)

1
y(1 y) d y 2 dt
1
1
y 1 y dy 2 dt

ln y ln(1 y ) 2t c
y
2t c
1 y

y
2t
ke
1 y

1
y (0) 0.1 k
9
2t
e
y
9 e2t
1
2 1 e2t
1
9
1
2
(c)

1
1 e2t
9
1
t ln 9 ln 3
2

1: answer
1: answer

1: answer

1: Explicitlyindicatesneedtomaximize
2 y (1 y )
1: answer
1: separatesvariables
2: antiderivatives
1: errorinpreparingtointegrate
2: antiderivativeerror

ln

1: evaluatesintegrationconstant
1: solvesexplicitlyfory(mustuselnor
exponential)
0

5 : y Ce
kt

1: usesanswerin(a)inresultfrom(b)
2

1: findst
kt
1: y Ce
1

2 ifnosolutionexistandis
acknowledged

Copyright 2013 National Math + Science Initiative, Dallas, TX. All rights reserved. Visit us online at www.nms.org

Eulers Method and Logistic Growth (BC Only)


Student Study Session

Copyright 2013 National Math + Science Initiative, Dallas, TX. All rights reserved. Visit us online at www.nms.org