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-1FUNCTIONS

1. Given that f : x 4 x + m and f

: x nx +

3

, find the values of m and n.

4

Answer:- m = 3 ; n =

1

4

.

Answer:- a = 8 ; b = 1

2

2

3. Given that f : x x + 3 , g : x a + bx and gf : x 6 x + 36 x + 56 , find the

values of a and b .

Answer:- a = 2 ; b = 6

: x 2kx

( x) =

4

, find the values of m and k.

3

Answer:- k =

1

;m=4

6

Answer:-(a)

11

1

(b)

2

2

2x 3

, find

2

(b) the value of k if f 1 (2k) = k 3 .

(a) f 1 (x) ,

(b) f 1 g(x) ,

(c) h(x) such that hg(x) = 6x 3 .

Answer:-(a)

7. Diagram 1 shows the function g : x

g

x

2 , find

3

x +1

2

(b)

1

1

x

6

2

(c) 18x + 33

p + 3x

, x 2 , where p is a constant.

x2

p + 3x

x2

5

Diagram 1

Find the value of p.

Answer:- p = 4

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-28.

x

4

y

4

z

4

0

1

2

2

Diagram 2

Diagram 2 shows the mapping of y to x by the function g : y ay + b and mapping

6

b

to z by the function h : y

, y . Find the,

2y b

2

(a) value of a and value of b,

(b) the function which maps x to y,

(c) the function which maps x to z.

18

10 y

Answer:- (a)a= 6, b=10 (b)

(c)

6

y 20

9. In the Diagram 3, function h mapped x to y and function g mapped y to z.

x

z

8

5

2

Diagram 3

Determine the values of,

(a) h1(5),

(b) gh(2)

Answer:- (a)2 (b)8

10. Given function f : x 2 x and function g : x kx + n. If composite function

gf is given as gf : 3x2 12x + 8, find

(a) the value of k and value of n,

(b) the value of g2(0).

Answer:-(a) k = 3 ,n = 4 (b)44

2

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-311.

g (x) = 4 3 x

fg (x) = 2 x + 5

Find f (x).

Answer:-

23 2 x

3

f : x 2x

3

g:x

,x2

x2

h : x 6x2 2.

(i) Determine the function fh(x). At the same axis, sketch the graphs of y = g(x)

and y = fh(x). Hence, determine the number of solutions for g(x) = fh(x).

(ii) Find the value of g1(2).

(b) Function m is defined as m : x 5 3x. If p is another function and mp is

defined as mp : x 1 3x2, determine function p.

Answer:-(a)(i)12x2 4 (b) p ( x ) = 2 + x 2

13. Given function f : x 4 3x.

(a) Find

(i) f 2(x),

(ii) (f 2)1(x).

(b) Hence, or otherwise, find (f 1)2(x) and show

(f 2)1(x) = (f 1)2(x).

(c) Sketch the graph of f 2(x) for the domain 0 x 2 and find its corresponding

x +8

range.

Answer:-(a)9x 8 (b)

9

14. A function f is defined as f : x

p+x

, for all values of x except x = h and p

3 + 2x

are constants.

(a) Determine the value h.

(b) Given value 2 is mapped to itself by the function f. Find the

(i) value p,

(ii) another value of x which is mapped to itself,

(iii) value of f 1(1).

3

Answer:-(a) h = (b)(i)p =12(ii)x = 3 (iii)5

2

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-4QUADRATIC EQUATIONS

1. One of the roots of the quadratic equation

Find the possible values of p.

Answer ; p = 5, 7

find an expression that relates

.

Answer : 2b 2 = 9ac

roots.

Answer ;

values of m.

1

Answer : or 2

2

and

are roots of the equation k x(x 1) = 2m x.

2

2

If + = 6 and = 3, find the value of k and of m.

5. Given

Answer : k =

1

3

,m=

2

16

6. Find the values of such that the equation (3 )x2 2( + 1)x + + 1 = 0 has equal

roots. Hence, find the roots of the equation base on the values of obtained.

Answer : = 1; roots: = 1, x = 1; = 1, x = 0

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-5QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS

1.

y

2

( 0, 3 )

( 4 , 3 )

Find,

Diagram 1

(a)

the value of p ,

(b)

the equation of the axis of symmetry,

(c)

the coordinate of the maximum point.

Answer:- (a) p = 2 (b) x = 2 (c) ( 2, 5 )

2.

y

( 0, 2 )

f ( x ) = ( p 1) x 2 + 2 x + q

Diagram 2

Diagram 2 shows the graph of the function f ( x ) = ( p 1) x 2 + 2 x + q .

(a) State the value of q .

(b) Find the range of values of p .

Answer:-(a) q = 2 (b) p <

1

2

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-63.

y

y = x 2 + bx + c

( 0, 9)

K

Diagram 3

y- axis at point ( 0, 9 ) and touches the x- axis at point K.

Find,

(a) the value of b and c ,

(b) the coordinates of point K.

Answer:-(a) b = 6 , c = 9 (b)

( 3, 0 )

4.

( 0, 23)

( 2, 3)

0

Diagram 4

In Diagram 4 above point ( 2, 3 ) is the turning point on the graph which has equation

of the form y = p(x + h)2 + k.

Find the,

(a) values of p, h and k,

(b) equation of the curve formed when the graph as shown is reflected at the xaxis.

(c) equation of the curve formed when the graph as shown is reflected at the yaxis.

Answer :- (a) p = 5 , h = 2, k = 3

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-75.

are constants.

(a)

(b)

Hence or otherwise, find the values of k and r if the graph of the function is

symmetrical about x = r 2 13 .

Answer:-(b)

6.

k = 3 , 1 and r = 3 , 5

(a) Find the value of h.

(b) Sketch the graph of f ( x ) = ( 6 + x )( 2 x ) + h for the value of h that is determined

in (a) above.

(c) Write the equation of the axis of symmetry.

Answer:- ( a) h = --6 (c) x = 2

7.

(a) Without using the method of differentiation, find the two possible values of k.

(b) With these values of k, sketch on the same axis, two graphs for

y = x2 + 2kx + 3k.

(c) State the coordinates of the minimum point for y = x2 + 2kx + 3k .

Answer:- (a) k =1 , 2

******************************************************************************

SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS

1. Solve the simultaneous equations 3x + 2y = 1 and 3x2 y2 = 5x + 3y.

Answer: x = -7/3 , y = 4 ; x = 1, y = -1

2. Solve the simultaneous equations

x+ y =

xy 3

2x 5 y

and

=

2

3

5

3. Solve the simultaneous equations 2x - y = 4 and 2x2 + xy - 3x = 7. Give your answers

correct to three decimal places.

Answer: x = 2.461, y = 0.922; x = -0.711, y = -5.422

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1.

2.

3.

.4.

625 x + 2 =

1

x

5 .25

Answer:- x =

x 1

Show that 3

x+ 2

+3

x 1

Answer:- x = 1

( ) is divisible by 13.

53

2 x 3

2

5

( )

Answer : 13 3 x 1

+ 2 = 34

Answer:-

5.

23

12

Answer: 0.6477

6.

Answer:3.5

7.

1

x

Answer:- 5.2361,0.7639

8.

Answer: 16 ,

9.

10.

11.

( )

1

16

Solve 3

log 2 x

Answer: x = 3.7232

= 81

2x+1

- 2 (3

Answer : x = 16

x+0.5

)-3=0

Answer: 0.5

12.

Answer:0.3010

13.

Answer:- 2m + 2n

14.

Answer:- h k +

15.

16.

If log2a + log2b = 4, show that log4ab = 2 and that log8ab = 4/3. If log2a + log2b = 4,

show that log4ab = 2 and that log8ab = 4/3.

1

2

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-9COORDINATE GEOMETRY

1.

The following information refers to the equations of two straight lines, AB and CD which

are parallel to each other.

AB : 2y = p x + q

CD : 3y = (q + 1) x + 2

Where p and q are constants

Express p in terms of q.

Answer:

p =

2

(q + 1)

3

2.

The triangle with vertices A(4,3), B(-1,1) and C(t , -3) has an area 11 unit2.

Find the possible values of t.

Answer: t = 0 , -22

3.

The points P(3, p), B(-1, 2) and C(9,7) lie on a straight line. If P divides BC

internally in the ratio m : n , find

(a) m : n ,

(b) the value of p.

Answer:(a) 2 : 3 (b) p = 4

4.

(a) A point P moves such that its distance from point A (1, 4) is always 5 units.

Find the equation of the locus of P.

Answer: x 2 + y 2 2 x + 8 y 8 = 0

(b) The point A is (-1, 3) and the point B is (4, 6). The point Q moves such that

QA : QB = 2 : 3. Find the equation of the locus of Q.

Answer: 5 x 2 + 5 y 2 + 14 x + 102 y 54 = 0

(c) A point R moves along the arc of a circle with centre A(2, 3). The arc passes

through Q(-2, 0). Find the equation of the locus of R.

Answer: x 2 + y 2 4 x 6 y + 8 = 0

(d) A point S moves such that its distance from point A(3,4) is always twice its

distance from point B(6,-2). Find the equation of the locus of S.

Answer: x 2 + y 2 18 x + 8 y + 45 = 0

(e) The point M is (2, 3) and N is (4, 5). The point T moves such that it is always

equidistance from M and from N. Find the equation of locus of T.

Answer : e) x+4y = 7

(f) Given point A (1,2) and point B (4, 5). Find the locus of point W which

moves such that AWB is always 900.

Answer: x 2 + y 2 5 x + 3 y 6 = 0

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5.

equation of PS is 2y = x + 3.

y

Q( 0, 4 )

P(3, 0 )

(a) Find

O

Diagram 1

the coordinates of R,

the equation of the straight line RS,

the area PRS.

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(b) A point T moves such that its locus is a circle which passes through the points P, R and

S. Find the equation of the locus of T.

Answer: a)(i) R = (9 , 16) (ii) y = 2x + 34 (iii) 80 unit 2 b) x2 + y2 6x 16y 27 = 0

6.

Diagram 2 shows the straight line graphs PQS and QRT in a Cartesian plane.

Point P and point S lies on the x-axis and y-axis respectively. Q is the mid point of PS.

y

S

y 3x = 4

Q

R(0, 1)

P

x

O

T

Diagram 2

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- 11 (a) Find,

(i) coordinates of the point Q,

(ii) area of the quadrilateral OPQR.

(iii) The equation of the straight line which is parallel to QT and passes through S.

(b) Given 3QR = RT, calculate the coordinates of the point T.

1

(c) A point moves in such a way that its distance from S is its distance from the point T.

2

(i) Find the equation of locus of the point T.

(ii) Hence, determine whether the locus cuts the x-axis or not.

.

2

5

3

Answer: (a)(i) ( , 2) (ii) (iii) y = x + 4 (b) (2, 2) (c)(i) 3x2 + 3y2 + 4x 36y +56 = 0

3

3

2

(ii) No

7.

K

P

J

Q

R

x

O

L

Diagram 3

1

In Diagram 3, P(2, 9), Q(5, 7) and R(4 , 3) are the mid point of the straight line JK, KL and

2

LJ such that JPQR form a parallelogram.

(a) Find,

(i) the equation of the straight line JK,

(ii) the equation of the perpendicular bisector of the straight line LJ.

(b) Straight line KJ is extended until it intersects the perpendicular bisector of the straight line

LJ at the point S. Find the coordinates of the point S.

(c) Calculate the area of PQR and consequently the area of JKL.

Answer: (a)(i) y = 8x 7 (ii) 4y = 6x 15

(b) ,3

2

1

(c) 6 ; 26

2

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- 12 STATISTICS

1. Table 1 shows the results obtained by 100 pupils in a test.

Marks

< 20

< 30

< 40

< 50

< 60

< 70

< 80

< 90

Number of pupils

20

41

65

85

96

100

Table 1

(a) Based on Table 1, complete the table below.

Marks

10 19

Frequency

Answer:-(b)Interquartile range = 22.62

2.

The mean and standard deviation of a set of integers 2 , 4 , 8 , p and q are 5 and 2

respectively.

(a) Find the values of p and of q .

(b) State the mean and variance of the set integers 7, 11, 9 , 2p + 3 and 2q + 3

Answer:-(a) p = 5,q = 6 or p = 6,q = 5 (b) Mean =13 Variance = 16

3. The histogram in Diagram 1 shows the marks obtained by 40 students in Mathematics test.

Number of students

10

8

6

4

2

0 15.5 20.5 25.2 30.5 35.5 40.5

Marks

Diagram 1

(a)

(b)

Calculate the standard deviation of the marks.

Answer:(a) 27.17 (b) 6.595

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- 13 4.

Table 2 shows the frequency distribution of the Chemistry marks of a group of students.

Marks

1 10

11 20

21 30

31 40

41 50

51 60

Number of students

2

3

5

10

p

2

Table 2

(a)

(b)

(c)

By using a scale of 2 cm to 10 marks on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 2 students

on the vertical axis, draw a histogram to represent the frequency distribution of

the marks. Find the modal mark.

What is the modal mark if the mark of each student is increased by 8 ?

Answer:- (a) p = 6 (b) Mode = 36.5 (c) 44.5

5.

x = 2496 and x 2 = 195488. The mean and the standard deviation of the scores, y ,

obtained by 40 students and Class 5 Beta in the test are 66 and 6 respectively.

(i)

(ii)

y2

(a)

Find

(b)

Calculate the mean and the standard deviation of the scores obtained by all the 72

students.

Answer:-(a)(i) 2640 (ii)175680

6.

A set of data consists of 10 numbers. The sum of the numbers is 120 and the sum of the

squares of the numbers is 1650.

(a)

(b)

A number a is added to the set of data and the mean is increased by 2, find

(i) the value of a,

(ii) the standard deviation of the new set of data.

Answer:-(a)

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- 14 CIRCULAR MEASURES

1.

B

O

Diagram 1

Diagram 1 shows a circle with centre O and OA = 10 cm. Straight line AT is a tangent to the

circle at point A, and AOT is a triangle. Given that the area of triangle OAT = 60 cm2, find the

area of sector OAB.

Answer:- 43.80 cm 2

2.

A

O

B

Diagram 2

Given that the area of a sector OAB in Diagram 2 with centre O and radius 20 cm is 240 cm2.

Calculate

(a) the length of arc AB

(b) area of shaded region

Answer:- : (a) 24 cm (b) 53.60

3.

P

Diagram 3

In the Diagram 3, POQ is a circular sector with centre O and a radius of 17 cm. Point R is on

the straight line ORQ such that RQ = 5 cm. Calculate

(a) the value of in radian

(b) the area of the shaded region, in cm2

Answer:- (a) 0.7871

(b) 41.49

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- 15 4.

S1

P

Diagram 4

Diagram 4 shows a semicircle with centre O and radius of 10 cm. Given that QS is the length

of arc with centre P and QPS =

rad . Find

(b) the area of S1

5.

2r

Diagram 5

Two identical circles of radius 2r are drawn with their centres, C on the circumference of each

circle as shown in the Diagram 5. Show that the area of shaded region A cm 2 , is given by

2 2

r 4 3 3 .

3

6.

Q

R

8cm

P 3cm A

Diagram 6

Diagram 6 shows two circles with centres O and A. The respective radii are 8 cm and 3 cm. A

tangent touches the circles at the points Q and R. Given that QOP =

radians, find

(b) the perimeter of the shaded region

(c) the area of the shaded region

Answer : a) 9.80 cm

b) 24.46 cm

c) 10.96 cm2

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- 16 DIFFERENTIATION

1.(a) (i) Given y = 3x2 + 5, find

dy

by using the first principle.

dx

4

3 with the first principle.

x

(ii) Differentiate y =

d 1

.

dx 2 x + 1

(ii) Given f(x) = 4x(2x 1)5, find f(x).

(iii) Differentiate 3x2(2x 5)4 with respect to x.

1 2 x3

(v) Given f(x) =

, find f (x).

x 1

(c) (i) Given h(x) =

(ii) Given

1

, find the value h(1).

2

(3 x 5)

(x

f(x) =

2

, find f '(0).

1 3x

2

limit n 2 4

.

n2 n2

(ii) Given f (r) =

4 + 3r

. Find the limit of f (r) when r 1.

5 2r

d2y

dy

(e) Given y = x(3 x), express y 2 + x + 12 in terms of x, in the simplest form.

dx

dx

d2y

dy

Hence, find the value of x which satisfy the equation y 2 + x + 12 = 0.

dx

dx

Answer :

(a) (i) 6x

4

(ii)

x2

(b)( i)

(2 x + 1)

(ii)[4(2x 1)4)(12x 1)]

2

iii )6 x (6 x 5)(2 x 5) 3

iv) 40(2x 3)3

v)

4x3 + 6x2 1

( x 1) 2

27

c) (i)

8

(ii) 96

d) i) 2

7

ii)

3

e) 12 3x;

x=4

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f (x) = 3x2

k

x2

96

x3

(i) the value of h and the value of k,

(ii) the coordinate x of the turning point of the graph.

(b) The point P lies on the curve y = ( x 5) 2 . It is given that the gradient of the

1

normal at P is . Find

4

(i) the coordinates of P.

(ii) the equation of the normal to the curve at point P.

(c) A curve with the gradient function 2 x

2

x2

(ii) Determine whether the turning point is a maximum or a minimum point .

Answer:

2(a) (i) h=1, k= 48

(ii) 2

(ii)4y + x = 23

(c) i) k = 1,

ii) Minimum

2

.

x

Given that y increases at a constant rate of 4 units per second, find the rate of

change of x when x = 2.

(b) On a certain day, the rate of increase of temperature, , with respect to time, t s, is

d 1

given by

= (12 t).

dt 2

(i) Find the value of t at the instant when is maximum.

(ii) Given = 4 when t = 6, find the maximum value of .

Answer: (a) 1.6 units-1

(b) i) 12

ii)

13

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dy

in terms of x.

dx

(ii) If x increases from 3 to 3.01, find the corresponding small increment in t.

(i) Find

dy

at the point (2, 3).

dx

Hence, find

(i) the small change in x which causes y to decrease from 3 to 2.98.

(ii) the rate of change of y when x = 2 if the rate of change of x is 0.6 unit per second.

(c) Given y =

value of

16

dy

, find the value of

when x = 2. Hence, find the approximate

4

x

dx

16

.

(198

. )4

2 x

(ii) 0.0025

4

(c) 1.04

5. Diagram 1 shows a composite solid made up of a cone resting on a cylinder with radius x cm.

x cm

Diagram 1

16

The total surface area of the solid, A cm2, is given by the equation A = 3 x 2 + .

x

(a) Calculate the minimum value of the surface area of the solid.

(b) Given the surface area of the solid is changing at a rate of 42 cm2 s1. Find the

rate of change of radius at the instant when the radius is 4 cm.

(c) Given the radius of the cylinder increases from 4 cm to 4.003 cm. Find approximate

increment in the surface area of the solid

Answer: b) 36

(c)

(d) 0.063

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- 19 PROGRESSION

1.

Show that log h, log hk, log hk 2 , log hk 3 , is an arithmetic progression. Then find the

common difference of this progression.

2.

An arithmetic progression has 10 terms. The sum of all these 10 terms is 220. The sum of

the odd terms is 100. Find the first term and the common difference.

Answer : a = 4, d = 4

3.

The sum of the first six terms of an arithmetic progression is 120. The sum of the first six

terms is 90 more than the fourth term. Calculate the first term and the common

difference.

Answer : a = 30, d = 20

4.

(a) the n term in terms of n

(b) the first term

(c) the common difference

Answer : (a) 4n + 1 (b) 5( c) 4

5.

An arithmetic progression has 12 terms. The sum of all these 12 terms is 222. The sum of

the odd terms is 102. Find

(a) the first term and the common difference

(b) the last term

Answer :(a) a = 2 , d = 3 (b) 35

6.

The n term of an arithmetic progression is 5n 8 . Find the sum of all the terms from the

5th term to the 8th term.

Answer : 98

7.

1

+ .......

3

Answer :

8.

9.

number of terms in the progression that its sum to exceed 60.

10.

13

Answer :

1

2

7

9

(2 2 n +1 ) 8

. Find the least

3

Answer : n = 4

Find the least number of terms of the geometric progression 4,12,36,which must be

taken for its sum to exceed 1 800.

Answer : n = 7

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- 20 11.

3

and the sum of the next

4

3

, where the common ratio is positive. Find the sum to infinity of the

16

progression.

Answer : S = 1

two terms is

12.

Diagram 1

Diagram 1 shows four circles. Each circle has a radius that is 2 units longer than that of

the previous circle. Given that the sum of the perimeters of these four circles is 120 cm,

(i) find the radius of the smallest circle.

(ii) the sum of the perimeters from the fifth term to the tenth term.

Answer :(i) r = 12 cm(ii) 300 cm

13.

Encik Rahim plans to donate an amount of money to the Rumah Penyayang each year

from 2008. The amount in 2008 will be RM50 000, and thereafter, the amount each year

will be 90% of the amount for the previous year. Calculate

(a) the year in which the donation falls below RM 20 000 for the first time

Answer : a) n = 10

14.

b) RM284 766.40

Diagram shows two balls in a tube of length 10 m, moving towards each other. P moves

from one end traveling 60 cm in the first second, 59 cm in the next second and 58 cm in

the third second. Q moves from the other end traveling 40 cm in the first second, 39 cm

in the next second and 38 cm in the third second. The process continues in this manner

until the two balls meet.

(a) Find the shortest time for the two balls to meet.(give your answer to the nearest

second)

(b) Calculate the distance traveled by P.

(c) Calculate the difference in distance traveled by the two balls.

Answer :

a) 11s

b) 605 cm

c) 220 cm

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- 21 INTEGRATION

(4 x )(4 + x )

dx

x2

(b) Given

(c) Find

(2x + 7 )

(ii)

18

(3x 5) 3 dx

f ( x) + 2

dx.

2

dx

(d) Given kx2 x is the gradient function for a curve such that k is a constant.

y 5x + 7 = 0 is the equation of tangent at the point (1, 2) to the curve. Find,

(i) the value of k,

(ii) the equation of the curve.

d2y

1

dy

(e) Given

= 4x3 + 1. When x = 1, y = and

= 3. Find y in terms of x.

2

2

dx

dx

4

16

3

(

2 x + 7)

Answer:( a) (i)

x + c (ii)

+ c (b) 7 ( c)

+c

x

(3 x 5) 2

8

(d(i)) k = 6 (ii) y = 2x3

2.

3.

x2 7

2 2

(e) y =

x5 x 2

16

+

+ 3x +

5

2

5

dy

dy

= 9, when x = 2 ,

is directly proportional to x2 1,and that y = 3 and

dx

dx

find the value of y when x = 3 .

Answer: 19

2

2

The rate of change of the area, A cm , of a circle is 6t 2t + 1. Find in terms of if the

Given that

Answer:

4.

2

. The straight line x = k divides the

x2

2

shaded region enclosed by the curve y = 2 , the straight lines x = 1 and x = 5 and

x

the x-axis into two regions, and .

y

k

5

x

Diagram 1

Given that the area of region is five times the area of region , find the value of

0

http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

y

y = x ( x 2)

x

0

Diagram 2

Find the value of the solid generated when the shaded region is revolved through 360 about

the x-axis .

Answer: (a) k = 3 (b) 1

5.

y

y = x2 3x

x

x

Find

(i) the coordinate of the point P,

(ii) the area of the shaded region

Diagram 3

Answer: ( i )( 5,10 ) ( ii )

6.

( 2 x 1)

y=

( 2 x 1)

0

Diagram 4

125

6

http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

(b) A region is bounded by the curve, the x-axis and the straight lines

and

(ii) The region is revolved through 360 about the x-axis. Find the volume generated, in

terms of

Answer:(a) y = 6 x + 20 (b) i)

,ii)

784

10125

7.

(a) Evaluate

x(4 x)dx

0

Diagram 5

(b) Diagram 5 shows the curve y = x(4 x) , together with a straight line. This line cuts the

curve at the origin O and at the point P with x-coordinate k, where 0 < k < 4 .

1

(i) Show that the area of the shaded region, bounded by the line and the curve, is k 3

6

(ii) Find, correct to 3 decimal places, the value of k for which the area of the

shaded region is half of the total area under the curve between x = 0 and x = 4 .

Answer : k = 3.175

8.

The straight line AR is parallel to the y axis.

y

P

A(2,3)

R

Diagram 6

Q(k ,0)

1 2

x + 1 at A(2,3).

2

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- 24 Find

(a) the value of k,

(b) the area of the shaded region,

(c) the volume generated, in terms of , when the region bounded by the curve, the y axis

and the straight line y = 3 is revolved through 360o about the y-axis.

1

(c) Volume = 4

3

9. Diagram 7 below shows the straight line y = x + 4 intersecting the curve y = (x 2 )2 at the

points A and B.

y

y = x+4

y = (x 2 )2

P

k

Q

x

Diagram 7

Find,

(a) the value of k,

(b) the are of the shaded region P

(c) the volume generated, in terms of , when the shaded region Q is revolved 360o about

the x axis.

32

Answer : (a) k = 5

(b) area = 20.83

(c) volume =

5

******************************************************************************

LINEAR LAW

1.

The data for x and y given in the table below are related by a law of the form

x

y

1

41.5

2

38.0

3

31.5

4

22.0

5

9.5

(a) Plot y x againts x2 , using a scale of 2 cm to 4 unit on both axes. Hence , draw

the line of best fit.

(b) Use your graph in 1(a) to find the value of

(i) p

(ii) q

Answer:

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- 25 2.

gave pairs of values of x and y as shown in the table. One of the values of y is subject to an

abnormally large area.

x

y

1

56.20

2

29.90

3

25.10

4

8.91

5

6.31

6

3.35

(a) Plot log y against x, using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit for x-axis and 2 cm to 0.2 unit for

y-axis . Hence , draw the line of best fit.

(b) Identify the abnormal reading and estimate its correct value.

(c) Use your graph in 2(b) to find the value of

(i) C

(ii) a

Answer: (b)25.1,17.78 (c) C = 100 , a = 1.78

3.

The table shows experimental values of x and y which are known to be related by equation

a

y = +b x .

x

x

1

2

3

4

5

6

y

2.20

1.74

1.71

1.77

1.86

1.96

(a) Explain how a straight line graph may be drawn to represent the given equation.

(b) Plot xy againts x x , using a scale of 2 cm to 2 unit on both axes . Hence , draw the

line of best fit.

(c) Use your graph in 3(b) to find the value of

(i) a

(ii) b

Answer : a=1.5 ; b=0.70

4. Table 1 shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment.

Variables x and y are related by the equation y = p k x, where p and k are constants.

x

y

2

3.16

4

5.50

6

9.12

8

16.22

10

28.84

12

46.77

(a) Plot log y against x by using a scale of 2 cm to 2 units on the x-axis and 2 cm to 0.2

unit on the log10 y-axis.

Hence, draw the line of best fit.

(b) Use your graph from (a) to find the value of

(i) p

(ii) k.

Answer : p=1.820 ; k=1.309

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h

. Diagram 1 shows the graph of

2x + k

1

againts x .Calculate the values of h and k. The point P lies on the line. Find the value of r.

y

1

y

(

x

Diagram 1

Answer:

the graph of

the

1

1

againts

y

x

a b

+ = 2 , where a and b are constants. When

x y

1

axis is 0.5 and that the gradient of the line is 0.75, calculate the value of a and b.

y

Answer: a = 3, b = 4

7. Variables x and y are related by the equation 4y = 2(x 1)2 + 3k where k is a constant.

(a) When y is plotted against (x 1)2, a straight line is obtained, which intersects the

y-axis at (0, -6). Find the value of k.

(b) Hence, find the gradient and the y intercept for the straight line obtained by

plotting the graph of (y + x) against x2.

3k

11

11

, k = 8 (b) y + x = x2 , m= , y-intercept = .

4

2

2

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- 27 8. (a) Explain how a straight line graph can be drawn from the equation

y p

= + qx ,

x x

log2 y

(b)

(5, 6)

log2 x

O

(2, 0)

Diagram 2

Diagram 2 shows the graph of log2 y against log2 x. Values of x and values of y are related by

x2n

the equation y =

, where n and k are constants. Find the value of n and the value of k.

k

Answer : n = 1, k = 16

9.

(4, 44)

(2, 14)

x

0

Diagram 3

Diagram 3 shows part of the curve y against x. It is known that x and y are related by the

y

= kx + h, where h and k are constants.

linear equation

x

(a) Sketch the straight line graph for the above equation.

(b) Calculate the values of h and k.

Answer : : (a) h = 3, k = 2

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- 28 log10 y

10.

Q(8, 7)

log10 x

0

Diagram 4

Diagram 4 shows graph of log10 y against log10 x. Given that PQ = 10 units and the point P

lies on the log10 y-axis.

(a) Find the coordinates of P.

(b) Express y in terms of x.

(c) Find the value of y when x = 16.

3

******************************************************************************

VECTORS

1. Diagram 1 shows a parallelogram, OPQR, drawn on a Cartesan plane.

y

Q

P

x

O

Diagram 1

~

Answer: 10i + j

2. Given O(0, 0), A(3, 4) and B(2, 16), find in terms of unit vector i and j ,

~

uuur

(a) AB ,

uuur

(b) unit vector in the direction of AB .

Answer:

( a ) 5i + 12 j

(b)

1

5i + 12 j

13

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- 29 3. Given A(2, 6), B(4, 2) and C(m, p), find the value of m and the value of p such that

uuur

uuur

AB + 2 BC = 10 i 12 j .

%

%

Answer: m = 6 , p = 4

4. Given the points A(3,0) , B(7,8) and C (1, k )

(a) Express vector AB in terms of i and j ,

(b) Find the value of k if vector OC is parallel to vector AB .

Answer: ( a ) 4i + 8 j (b) h =

1

,k = 2

4

~

~

(b)

a+b

Answer:(a) a + b (b) 61

~

s

~

b

%

Diagram 2

~

~

Answer:k= 5

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%

% % % % %

% % %

(a) c

%

(b) unit vector in the direction of c .

%

Answer: ( a )10

(b)

1

3i + 4 j

5

9.

G

B

Diagram 3

uuur

~

terms of a .

Answer: 3a

10.

P

Diagram 4

Diagram 4 shows PQRSTU is a regular hexagon. Express PQ + PT - RS as a single

vector.

uuur

Answer: PR

11.

~

~

Answer:

5

1

p+ q

6

3

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- 31 12. Diagram 5 shows triangles OAB. The straight line AP intersects the straight line OQ at R.

1

1

It is given that OP = OB , AQ = AB, OP = 6 x and OA = 2 y

~

3

4

~

A

Q

Diagram 5

R

O

~

(i)

AP ,

OQ

(ii)

~

~

Answer:(a)(i) 2 y + 6 x (ii)

9

3

3

9

x + y (b)(i) h 2 y + 6 x (ii)k x +

2

2

2

2

1

1

y (c) k = ,h =

3

2

13. Diagram 6, ABCD is a quadrilateral. AED and EFC are straight lines.

D

C

B

It is given that AB = 20 x , AE = 8 y, DC = 25 x 24 y, AE =

~

~

~

~

(i)

BD ,

3

1

AD and EF = EC

5

4

(ii) EC

~

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- 32 TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS

1. Prove that cosec2x 2 sin2x cot2x = cos 2x

2. Prove that tan 2 A sin 2 A tan 2 A sin 2 A

3. Prove that

sin 2 x

= cot x .

1 cos 2 x

(a) 3cos2 5 = 8 cos

(b) tan 2 tan = 1

Answer ( a ) 131.81 , 228.19 (b)30 ,150 , 210 ,330 :

5. Solve the equation 4 sin + 3 cos = 0 for 0 0 360 0

Answer 36.87 , 216.87 :

6. Find all the angles between 0 o and 360o which satisfy

(a) 3sin 2A = 4sin A

(b) 5sin2A = 5 cos 2A

Answer ( a ) 0 ,180 ,360 , 48.19 ,311.81 ( b ) 35.27 , 215.27 ,144.73 ,324.73 :

8

12

, 90o < < 270o and sin = , 90o < < 270o.

17

13

Calculate the value of

(a) sin ( + )

(b) cos ( )

140

21

Answer ( a )

(b) :

221

221

3

and 0o x 180o , find sec x + cosec x .

5

Answer

35

:

12

(a) tan

(b) cosec

Answer ( a )

k

1 k

( b)

1

:

k

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- 33 -

Answer 35.27 ,144.73 , 215.27 ,324.73 :

11. Solve the equation

sin 2 x

= cot x .

1 cos 2 x

1

+ sek 2 x = 3 for 0 x 360.

2

cot x

Answer 45 ,135 , 225 ,315 :

1

1 + p2

2p

.

1 p2

ii. hence, find sin 2 , when p = 2 .

i. prove that tan =

Answer ( b )( i )

24

:

25

3

x for 0o x 2 .

2

(ii) Find the equation of a suitable straight line for solving the equation

3

3

x 1 . Hence , using the same axes , sketch the straight line and

cos x =

2

4

3

3

x 1 for

state the number of solutions to the equation cos x =

2

4

0o x 2.

Answer:(b)(ii)3

14. (a) Sketch the graph of y = cos 2x for 0o x 180o.

(b) Hence , by drawing a suitable straight line on the same axes , find the number of

x

solutions satisfying the equation 2 sin2 x = 2

for 0o x 180o.

180

Answer:(b)2

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(b) (i) Sketch the graph of y = cos 2x for 0 x 2 .

(ii) Hence , using the same axes , draw a suitable straight line to find the number

x

of solutions to the equation 3(cosec2 x 2 sin2 x cot2 x ) =

1 for

Answer:(b)(ii)4

16. (a) Sketch the graph of y = - 2 cos x for 0 x 2 .

(b) Hence , using the same axis , sketch a suitable graph to find the number of

solutions to the equation

+ 2 cos x = 0 for 0 x 2 .

Answer:2

3

,and A is an acute angle. Find the value of cos 2A.

4

(ii) Hence, by drawing a suitable straight line on the same axes, find the number of

solutions satisfying the equation sin x kos x =

x

1

for

4

2

0 x 2 .

Answer: ( a )

7

( b )( i ) 4

25

****************************************************************************

PERMUTATION AND COMBINATION

1. Four girls and three boys are to be seated in a row. Calculate the number of possible

arrangements

(a) if all the three boys have to be seated together

(b) a boy has to be seated at the centre

Answer:(a)5040 (b)2880

2. Find the number of the arrangement of all nine letters of word SELECTION in which

the two letters E are not next to each other

Answer:282240

3. Calculate the number of four digit even number can be formed from the digits 3, 4, 5,

6 and 9 without repetitions.

Answer:48

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- 35 4. Three alphabets are chosen from the word WALID. Find the number of possible

choice if

(b) the alphabet A and D are chosen

Answer:(a) 60 (b) 120

5. A bowling team consists of 8 person. The team will be chosen from a group of 7 boys

and 6 girls. Find the number of team that can be formed such that each team consists of

(a) 3 boys

(b) not more than 1 girl

Answer:(a) 210 (b) 6

6.

Refrigerators

TV

TV

Refrigerators

TV

(a) If a televisions and a refrigerator is chosen randomly, calculate the probability that

television P or Q and refrigerator W are chosen.

(b) Pak Adam wish to display his goods as shown in the diagram above. Calculate the

number of ways the goods can be displayed.

1

Answer: ( a )

( b ) 2880

10

7.. Diagram 1 shows 5 letter and 3 digits.

A

Diagram 1

A code is to be formed using those letters and digits. The code must consist of 3

letters followed by 2 digits. How many codes can be formed if no letter or digit is

repeated in each code ?

Answer:144

8. A debating team consists of 5 students. These 5 students are chosen from 4 monitors,

2 assistant monitors and 6 prefects. Calculate the number of different ways the team

can be formed if (a) there is no restriction

(b) the team contains only one monitor and exactly 3 prefects

Answer:(a)792 (b)160

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- 36 PROBABILITY

1. At the place where Lam stays, rain falls in any two days of a week. Out of 75% of the

raining days, Lam goes to school in his fathers car. If there is no rain, Lam cycles to

to school. For every 5 days Lam goes to school in his fathers car, for 3 days Lam is

able to keep his pocket money. In a certain day, find the probability that

(a) Lam does not goes to school in his fathers car,

(b) Lam keeps his pocket money because he goes to school in his fathers car.

11

9

Answer:- (a)

(b)

14

70

2. Rashid and Rudi compete in a badminton game. The game will end when any of the

3

players has won two sets. The probability that Rashid will win any one set is .

5

Calculate the probability that

(a) the game will end in only two set,

(b) Rashid will win the competition after playing 3 sets.

13

36

Answer:- (a)

(b)

25

125

3. A container consists of 4 soya beans, 3 coffee beans and 2 cocoa beans.

(a) If a bean is drawn at random from the container, calculate the probability that

the bean is not a cocoa bean.

(b) Two beans are drawn at random from the container, one after the other, without

replacement. Find the probability that only one bean out of the two beans is a

cocoa bean.

.Answer:- (a) 7/9 , (b) 7/18

4. Bag P contains five card numbered 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9. Bag Q contains three cards

numbered 5, 7 and 9. A card is drawn at random from bag P and at the same time,

another card is drawn from bag Q. Find the probability that the two numbers drawn

have the same value or their product is an even number.

Answer:

Box

P

Q

Green

6

3

3

5

Number of marbles

Red

Yellow

7

2

5

8

Table 1

5. Table 1 shows the number of marbles of different colours in boxes P and Q. A marble

is picked at random from each box. Find the probability that

(a) both are of the same colour,

(b) both are of different colours,

(b) a yellow marble is picked from box Q.

Answer: (a) 23/80 (b) 57/80 (c)

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- 37 6. Diagram 1 shows a board with a grid of 20 squares, of which a few squares are

shaded. A dart is thrown at the board.

Diagram 1

(a) Find the probability that it will hit a shaded square.

(b) Find how many additional squares need to be shaded if the probability is increased

3

to .

Answer: (a) 7/20 , (b) 5

5

7. A box contains 4 blue balls, x white balls and y red balls. A ball is drawn at

1

and the

random from the box. If the probability of getting a white ball is

6

1

probability of getting a red ball is

, find the values of x and y .

2

Answer: x = 2, y = 6

8. The letters of the word G R O U P S are arranged in a row. Find the probability that

an arrangement chosen at random

(a) begins with the letter P,

(b) begins with the letter P and ends with a vowels.

Answer: (a) 1/6 , (b) 1/ 15

9. A bag contains 6 red balls and 5 green balls. A ball is chosen from the bag and

returned. Another ball is chosen and returned again. Find the probability that

(a) both balls are red

(b) both balls have same color,

(c) both balls have different color.

Answer: (a) 36/121 , (b) 61/121 , (c) 60/121

10. There are 7 ribbons in a bag. 1 yellow, 3 black and 3 blue ribbons.

(a) If a ribbon is taken out and not returned back, find the probability for the ribbon

to be black.

(b) If two ribbons are taken, find the probability first one to be blue followed by a

black if none of the ribbons are returned.

(c) If three ribbons are taken, find the probability for first one to be blue, followed

by yellow and a black ribbon if none of the ribbons are returned.

Answer: (a) 3/7 , (b) 3/14 , (c) 3/70

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- 38 PROBABILITY OF DISTRIBUTION

1. (a) A study in a district shows that one out of three teenagers in the district join the

`Rakan Muda program.

(i) If 5 teenagers are chosen randomly from the district, find the probability that

2 or more of them join the `Rakan Muda program.

(ii) If they are 2 490 teenagers in the district, calculate the mean and the standard

deviation of the number of teenagers who join the `Rakan Muda program.

(b) From a study, it is found that the mass of a deer from a certain jungle shows a

normal distribution with mean 55 kg and variance 25 kg2.

(i) If a deer is caught randomly from the jungle, find the probability that the deer

has a mass more than 60 kg.

(ii) Find the percentage number of dears with mass between 45 kg and 60 kg.

131

or 0.5391 (ii) 830, 23.52 (b)(i) 0.1587 (ii) 81.85%

243

2. (a) Usually, when fishing, Wan will get fish as many as 60% from the total number of

his throws..

Calculate,

(i) the probability Wan will get at least 4 fishes in 5 throws,

(ii) the minimum number throws made by Wan so that the probability of getting at

least a fish is greater than 0.87.

Answer: (a)(i)

(b) The mass of students in a school has a normal distribution with a mean of kg

and a standard deviation kg. It is known that 10.56% of the above students

have mass more than 50 kg and 15.87% of them have mass less than 32 kg.

Find the value of and the value .

1053

(ii) 3 (b) = 8, = 40

3125

3. (a) In a game of guessing, the probability of guessing correctly is p.

(i) Find the number of trials required and the value of p, such that the mean and

3

5 respectively.

the standard deviation of success are 15 and

2

(ii) If 10 trials are done, find the probability of guessing exactly 3 correct.

(b) The volume of 600 bottles of mineral water produced by a factory follow a normal

distribution with a mean of 490 ml per bottle and standard deviation of 20 ml.

(i) Find the probability that a bottle of mineral water chosen in random has a

volume of less than 515 ml.

(ii) If 480 bottles out of 600 bottles of the mineral water have volume greater than

k ml, find the value of k.

1

Answer: (a)(i) p = , n = 60 (ii) 0.2503 (b)(i) 0.8944 (ii) 473.16

4

http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

- 39 4. (a) It is known that for every 10 lemon in the box, two are rotten. If a sample of 7 are

chosen randomly, calculate the probability that

(i) exactly 3 lemons are rotten,

(ii).at least 6 lemons are not rotten.

(b) The masses of the members of the English Society of School M are normally

distributed with a mean of 48 kg and a variance of 25 kg2. 56 of the members

have masses between 45 kg and 52 kg. Find the total number of members in the

English Society.

Answer: (a) (i) 0.1147

(ii) 0.5767

(b) 109

f(z)

0.3485

0

k

Diagram 1

(a) Find the value of k.

(b) X is a continuous random variable which is normally distributed with a mean of 79

and a standard deviation of 3. Find the value of X when the z-scores is k.

Answer: (a) 1.03

(b) 82.09

that is normally distributed with a standard deviation of 8. The graph is symmetrical

about the vertical line PQ.

Q

P

m

55

45

Diagram 4

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3

, find the value of m.

4

(c) If x represents the marks obtained by 180 Form 5 students in an examination,

calculate the number of students whose marks are less than 33.

Answer: (a) m = 39 , (b) 0.0668, (b) 12

7. (a) A football team organizes a practice session for trainees on scoring goals from

penalty kicks. Each trainee has ten goals to score. The probability that a trainee

scores a goal is k. After the practice, it is found that the mean number of goals

scored for a trainee is 6.

(i) Find the value of k.

(ii) If a trainee is chosen at random, find the probability that he scores at least

two goals.

(b) The masses of students of a school are normally distributed with a mean of

56 kg and a standard deviation of 10 kg.

(i) If a student is chosen at random, calculate the probability that his mass is

less than 50 kg.

(ii) Given that 1.5% of the students have masses of more than p kg, find

the value of p.

(iii) If 75% of the students have masses of more than h kg, find

the value of h.

Answer(a)(i) k = 0.6 (ii) 0.9983 (b)(i) 0.2743 (ii)77.7 (iii) 49.25

************************************************************************

SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES

P

1.

8 cm

6.5 cm

Diagram 1

50

Q

(a) Calculate the obtuse angle PRQ.

(b) Sketch and label another triangle different from PQR in the diagram above,

so that the lengths of PQ and PR and the angle PQR remain unchanged.

(c) If the length of PR is reduced whereas the length of PQ and angle PQR remain

unchanged, calculate the length of PR so that only one PQR can be formed

Answer: (a) 109 28 or 109.47

(c) 6.128 cm

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vertical and the base ABCD is horizontal. Calculate,

(i) VTU,

(ii) the area of the plane VTU.

V

8 cm

Diagram 2

U

2 cm

6 cm

4 cm

(b) .

Q

R

4 cm

K

L

Diagram 3

S

6 cm

8 cm

(i) JQL,

(ii) the area of JQL.

Calculate,

3.

.O

A

5 cm

D

50

4 cm

B

8 cm

C

Diagram 4

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(a) the length of AC, correct to two decimal places,

(b) ACD,

(c) the area of quadrilateral ABCD.

Answer: (a) 11.85 cm

4. Diagram 5 shows two triangles PQT and TRS. Given that PQ = 24 cm, TS = 12 cm,

TPQ = 320 , PT = TQ and PTS and TRQ are straight lines.

P

32o

24 cm

Diagram 5

R

12 cm

S

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

If the area of triangle PQT is three times the area of triangle TRS, find the length of TR.

Find the length of RS.

(i) Calculate the angle TSR.

(ii) Calculate the area of triangle QRS.

Answer: (a) 14.15 cm, (b) 5.563 cm, (c) 10.79 cm, (d)(i) 27.60o (ii) 46.31 cm2

R

P

10 cm

7 cm

75

Diagram 6

Q

(a) Calculate the length of PR.

(b) A quadrilateral PQRS is now formed so that PR is the diagonal, PRS = 40o and PS = 8

cm. Calculate the two possible values of PSR .

(c) Using the obtuse PSR in (b), calculate

(i) the length of RS,

(ii) the area of the quadrilateral PQRS.

Answer: (a) 10.62 cm (b) 58.57o ; 121.43o (c) (i) 3.964 cm ; (ii) 47.34 cm2

http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

- 43 6. Diagram 7 shows a camp of the shape of pyramid VABC. The camp is built on

a horizontal triangular base ABC. V is the vertex and the angle between the inclined

plane VBC with the base is 60.

V

C

A

Diagram 7

B

Given VB = VC = 25 cm and AB = AC = 32 cm and BAC is an acute angle. Calculate

(a) BAC if the area of ABC is 400 cm2,

(b) the length of BC,

(c) the lengths of VT and AT, where T is the midpoint of BC,

(d) the length of VA,

(e) the area of VAB

Answer: (a) 51.38o

(b) 27.74o

******************************************************************************

INDEX NUMBER

1. Table 1 shows the price indices and percentage usage of four items, P, Q, R, and S, which are

the main ingredients of a type biscuits.

Item

P

Q

R

S

the year 1993

135

x

105

130

Table 1

40

30

10

20

Calculate,

(a) (i) the price of S in the year 1993 if its price in the year 1995 is RM37.70

(ii) the price index of P in the year 1995 based on the year 1991 if its price index in the

year 1993 based in the year 1991 is 120.

(b) The composite index number of the cost of biscuits production for the year 1995

based on the year 1993 is 128. Calculate,

(i) the value of x,

(ii) the price of a box of biscuit in the year1993 if the corresponding price in the

year 1995 is RM 32.

Answer: (a)(i) RM29 (ii) 162 (b)(i)125 (ii) RM25

http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

- 44 2.

Daily Usage ( RM)

47

34

22

12

3

Component

V

Diagram 1

A technology product consists of five components, V, W, X, Y and Z. Diagram 1 shows a bar

chart showing the daily usage of the components used to produce the technology product.

The following table shows the prices and the price indices of the components.

Component

V

W

X

Y

Z

(a)

Price in the year 2001 Price in the year 2003 Price index in 2003

(RM)

(RM)

based on 2001

13.00

16.25

y

12.50

17.25

138

2.50

x

106

14.90

22.35

150

z

24.50

140

(b) Calculate the composite index representing the cost of the technology product in

the year 2003 using the year 2001 as the base year.

(c) If the total monthly cost of the components in the year 2001 is RM1.5 million, find

the total monthly cost of the components in the year 2003.

(d) If the cost of each component rises by 23% from the year 2003 to 2004, find the composite

index representing the cost of the technology product in the year 2004 based on the year

2001.

Answer:

http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

- 45 3. (a) In the year 1995, price and price index for one kilogram of certain grade of rice is

RM2.40 and 160 respectively. Based on the year 1990, calculate the price per

kilogram of rice in the year 1990.

Item

Timber

Cement

Iron

Steel

Price index in

the year 1994

180

116

140

124

year 1994 to the year 1996

Increased 10 %

Decreased 5 %

No change

No change

Table 2

Weightage

5

4

2

1

(b) Table 2 shows the price index in the year 1994 based on the year 1992,

the change in price index from the year 1994 to the year 1996 and the weightage

respectively. Calculate the composite price index in the year 1996.

.

Answer : (a) 1.50 (b) ITimber = 198, ICement = 110.2; 152.9

4. Table 3 shows the price indices and the weightages of Azizans monthly expenses in the

year 2005 based in the year 2004.

Expenses

Weightage

Rental

108

Food

120

Car installment

102

Miscellaneous

112

Table 3

(a) If the expenses for miscellaneous in the year 2005 was RM 1 456 , find the

(b) If the rental increases by 10% from the year 2005 to the year 2006,find the price index for

the rental in the year 2006 based on the year 2004.

(c) Calculate the composite index for the expenses in the year 2005 based on the year 2004.

(d) The price index for food in the year 2006 based on the year 2205 is 105. If the expenses

on food in the year 2006 were RM3150, find the expenses on food in the year 2004.

http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

- 46 Answers : a) 1300

b) 118.8

c) 112

d) 2500

LINEAR PROGRAMMING

An institution offers two computer courses, P and Q. The number of participants for course

P is x and for course Q is y. The enrolment of the participants is based on the following

constraints:

I:

The total number of participants is not more than 100.

II :

The number of participants for course Q is not more than 4 times the number of

participants for course P.

III :

The number of participants for course Q must exceed the number of

participants for course P by at least 5.

1.

(a) Write down three inequalities, other than x 0 and y 0, which satisfy the above

constraints.

(b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 10 participants on both axes, construct and shade the

region R that satisfies all the above constraints.

(c) Using your graph from (b), find

(i) the range of the number participants for course Q if the number participants for

course P is 30.

(ii) the maximum total fees per month that can be collected if the fees per month

for course P and Q are RM50 and RM60 respectively.

Answer:-(a) x + y 100, y 4x, y x 5

A food analysts is supplied with two containers of food, Whiskers and Friskies. The

comparison of one scoop of food from each of the two containers is shown in the

following table.

2.

Food

1 scoop Whiskers

1 scoop Friskies

Fat

Carbohydrate

Fibre

8 gm

48 gm

10 gm

16 gm

32 gm

10 gm

Table 1

The analysts knows that an animal requires at least 96 gm of protein, 80 gm of fat, 288 gm of

carbohydrate and not more than 100 gm of fibre each day.

(a)

(b)

Protein

24 gm

8 gm

If the analysts mixed x scoops of Whiskers with y scoops of Friskies, write down the

system of inequalities satisfied by x and y. Hence, by using 2 cm to 2 unit on both axes

construct and shade the region R that satisfies all the above constraints.

If 1 scoop of Whiskers costs RM2 and 1 scoop of Friskies costs RM3, find the mixture

http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

- 47 -

(c)

that provides

(i)

the cheapest food.

(ii)

the most expensive food.

Could the animal be fed on a satisfactory diet using

(i)

food from Whiskers only,

(ii)

food from Friskies only.

Give your reason.

3.

An air craft company is going to purchase planes of type Wing and X far . They will

purchase x units of X far and y units of Wing planes. The company has set the

condition below:I:

II :

III:

X far plane consume 100 liters of fuel for a single month. Wing planes consume

70 liters of fuel. Total fuel consumption for one month is at most 3500 liters.

X far planes can take in 200 passengers while Wing planes can take in 100

passengers. Total passengers the planes must take at any time must be at least

3000.

Total number of planes purchased must at least 20 units.

(a)

(b)

State the inequality that defines the condition above other than x 0 and y 0 .

Construct the graphs and mark the region R that represents the conditions above. Use a

scale of 2 cm for 5 Wing planes and 2 cm for 5 X far planes.

(c)

The company makes a profit of RM220 for X far and RM165 for Wing planes from its

sales. Identify the minimum amount of profit that the company will obtain.

Answer:-(a) 10 x + 7y 35, 2x + y 30, x + y 20 (c) RM3870

4.

A furniture workshop produces tables and chairs. The production of tables and chairs

involve two processes , making and shellacking. Table 3 shows the time taken to make

and to shellack a table and a chair.

Product

Making

Shellacking

Table

60

20

Chair

40

10

Table 3

The workshop produces x tables and y chairs per day. The production of tables and chairs

per day is subject to the following constraints.

I:

II:

III:

(a)

The minimum total time for making tables and chairs is 600 minutes.

The total time for shellacking tables and chairs is at most 240 minutes.

The ratio of the number of tables to the number of chairs is at least 1 : 2.

Write three inequalities that satisfy all of the above constraints other than

x 0 and y 0 .

http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

- 48 (b)

(c)

By using a scale of 2 cm for 2 units of furniture on both axes , construct and shade the

region R which satisfies all of the above constraints.

By using your graph from (b), find,

(i)

the maximum number of chairs made if 8 tables are made.

(ii)

the maximum total profit per day if the profit from one table is RM30 and from

one chair is RM20.

Answer:-(a)

5.

(ii)RM420

A gardener wish to plant orchids and roses on a piece of land of area 300 m2.

He has an allocation of RM 4 00 as the cost of buying the small plants. An orchid plant

costs RM8, needs a space of 0.2 m2 of land to plant. A rose plant costs RM2, needs a

space of 0.3 m2 of land to plant. The number of rose plants that has to planted must

exceeds the number orchid plants by at least 200. The gardener plants x orchid plants and

y rose plants.

(a) Write three inequalities, other than x 0 and y 0, which satisfy the above

conditions.

(b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 100 plants on the x-axis and 2 cm to 200 plants on the

y-axis, draw and shades the region which satisfies the inequalities in (a).

(c) Based on your graph, answer the following questions:

(i) If the cost of buying the small plants is maximum, find the land area needed to

plant the minimum number of the plants.

(ii) In a certain period, an orchid and a rose plant yields a profit of RM3.50 and

RM2.40 respectively. Find the maximum profit gained by the gardener.

Answer:-(a)

****************************************************************************

MOTION ALONG THE STRAIGHT LINE

1. A particle moves in a straight line and passes through a fixed point O. Its velocity,

v ms 1 , is given by v = t 2 6t + 5 , where t is the time, in seconds, after leaving O .

[Assume motion to the right is positive.]

(a) Find

(i) the initial velocity of the particle,

(ii) the time interval during which the particle moves towards the left,

(iii) the time interval during which the acceleration of the particle is positive.

(b) Sketch the velocity-time graph of the motion of the particle for 0 t 5 .

(c) Calculate the total distance traveled during the first 5 seconds after leaving O.

Answer: (a) (i) v= 5 (ii) 1 < t < 5 (iii) t > 3 (c) 13 m

http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

- 49 2.

Diagram 1 shows the object, P, moving along a straight line and passes through a fixed

point O. The velocity of P, v m s1 , t seconds after leaving the point O is given by

v = 3t2 18t + 24 . The object P stops momentarily for the first time at the point B.

P

O

B

Diagram 1

(Assume right-is-positive)

Find:

(a) the velocity of P when its acceleration is 12 ms 2 ,

(b) the distance OB in meters,

(c) the total distance travelled during the first 5 seconds.

Answer: (a) 9 ms 1 (b) OB = 20 m (c) 28 m

3. The velocity of an object which moves along a straight line, v ms1, t s after passing

through a fixed point O is v = pt qt2, where p and q are constants. It is known that

1

the object moves through a distance of 7 m in the 2nd second of its motion and

3

2

experiences a retardation of 4 ms when t = 3.

(a) Find the value of p and of q.

(b) It is also known that the object moved with a velocity of 6 ms1 initially at the

point A and again at the point B. Find the time taken for the object to move

from A to B.

(c) Hence if the object stops momentarily at the point C, find the distance between

the point B and the point C.

Answer: (a) p = 8, q = 2

4.

(b) 2 s

Diagram 2 shows the object P and Q moving in the direction as shown by the

arrows when the objects P and Q pass through the points A and B respectively.

P

Q

60m

Diagram 2

The displacement of the object P from A is represented by sP and the

displacement of the object Q from B is represented by sQ. Given sP = t2 + 4t

and sQ = t2 - 8t, where t is the time, in seconds , after P and Q pass through point

A and B respectively and simultaneously . Given AB = 60 m.

(a) Find the time and position where the objects meet.

1

(c) 3 m

3

http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

- 50 (b) Find the time and position of object Q when it reverses its direction of motion.

(c) Find the velocity of object P when object Q reverses its direction of motion.

(d) Sketch the graph of displacement - time for object Q for 0 t 10.

(e) Find the time interval when the object Q moves to the left.

Answer: a) 5 s, 45 m on the right of A b) 4 s, 16 m on the left of B. c) 12 m s-1 (e) 0 t < 4.

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