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SKEMA SPM TRIAL 2007

1. a i) Vernier caliper / Angkup vernier


ii) to avoid measured material damage / elak bahan yang diukur rosak

b)i) Figure 1(b)


ii) can measure smaller values /ukur nilai yang lebih kecil

2 a) i) bend his knee / bengkokkan lututnya

ii) 1. prolong time of impact / panjangkan masa perlanggaran ,


2. to prevent his knee injured/ elakkan kakinya cedera

b) 1. F = mv/t
2. 60 x 5/ 3, 300/3
3. 100 N

3. a) i) The adult

ii) The adult

iii) The mass of the adult is greater / jisim dewasa lebih besar

b) i) The mass increases, the inertia increases / Jisim bertambah inertia bertambah

ii) 1.Supertanker has greater mass, /jisim besar


2. inertia is greater / inertia besar

iii) keluarkan sauce drp botol

4 a) i) Close to the sky / dekat dengan langit/ cool air

b) Refraction / biasan

c)i) Total internal reflection

ii) The image of cloud / imej awan

d) 1.Light from sky to the earth refracted / cahaya daripada langit ke bumi
dibiaskan
2. The light reach at a point X, total internal reflection occurred / Tiba satu
titik X pantulan dalam penuh berlaku

e) Optical fibre/ fibre optik


5. a) i) Tekanan daya yang bertindak seunit luas
ii) 1. omboh E = ombohG // beban yang sama
2. Tekanan yang dihasilkan oleh omboh E = G

b) i ) Pascal

ii) 1. F = PA
2.40 x 0.8
3. 32 N

6 a) Thumb tack has smaller surface area / Luas permukaan paku tekan lebih kecil

b) 1. If the surface area smaller/jika luas permukaan lebih kecil


2. the pressure is higher/ tekanan lebih tinggi

c) 1. P = 5 N / 3.14 x 10 −4 m 2 .
2. 1.59 x 10 4 Nm −2

d) 1. Wider tyre, less pressure


2. To avoid the bulldozer sink into the soil / elak bulldozer tenggelam dalam tanah

7. a) i) B and D / B dan D

ii) A and C / A dan C

b) same/ sama

c) i)

ii)
iii)

d) Convert AC to DC / tukar AC ke DC

8. a) i) Radioactive decay is the breaking up of unstable nuclei into more stable nuclei
with the emission of alpha,beta and gamma particles.
ii) Alpha particle/α
b) i) 1. low ionizing power
2. small mass
ii) detection of leakage in pipe
c) i) 1. Nuclear fission is the splitting of nucleus with big mass into two or more
smaller nuclides
2. with the release of energy

ii) a) moderator/to slow down the fast neutron

b) absorb neutron

d) 1. total mass of product = 236.85854 amu and total mass of reactant = 236.05787
amu
2. mass defect = 0.80007 amu

3. E= 0.80007 x 1.66 x 10 −27 kg x 9 x 10 16


/ 11.96 x 10 −11
J
SECTION B

9. a) The total amount of heat in a body


b) 1. the temperature of oil droplet = the temperature of oil poured on the hand
2. the oil droplets have smaller heat capacity
3. the oil poured on the hand has greater heat capacity
4. the heat capacity of droplets transferred to the hand is smaller compared to that
of the poured oil
5. The bigger the mass of an object, the bigger the heat capacity of the object

c) 1. It doesn’t react to the inner part of the engine


2. high specific heat capacity
3. can absorb large amount of heat energy
4. cheap and easily available

d) 1.& 2. : Q = 0.5 x 910 x 80


3 & 4 :. Q= 364 J

e)

Modification reasons
1.low heat capacity 2. the pan can get hot quickly
3. the lid of the pan designed to lower the 4. the boiling point of water decreased
air pressure inside the pan
5.the lid of the pan made of substance 6. heat will not absorbed by the the lid,so
which has weak conductivity of heat heat will not lost to surrounding

10. a) i)The waves that have same frequency and sam phase / sama frekuensi dan sama
fasa
ii)1. λ diagram 10.1 bigger // λ diagram 10.1 smaller
2. x diagram 10.1 bigger // x diagram 10.2 smaller
3. λ increase , x is increase // λ decrease , x decrease
4. & 5 : x directly proportional to λ

b) 1. Sound waves from two loudspeakers produced two coherent sources


2. Sounds wave interfere
3.Constructive interference produced loud sound
4. Destructive interference produced soft sound

c)i)1. At the centre of the ocean the water waves travel at uniform speed as the depth
of the sea is uniform
2. When the waves reache the coast ,the water is shallower,wave speed
reduced,refraction occurs
3. Refraction causes the wavefront bend toward the normal
4. This results the wavefront following the shape of of coastline

ii)

Ubahsuaian Sebab
1. dinding konkrit 2. lebih kuat
3. tembok sekatan bercelah 4. sebarkan tenaga gelombang
5. tambak laut supaya lebih cetek 6. halaju gelombang berkurang

dan lain-lain yg sesuai.

11. a)i) Buoyant force equal to the weight of the fluid displaced

ii) W = ρVg = 1000 x 2/3 (0.3 x 0.3 x 0.3) x 10 = 180 N

m, cube= W/g = 180/10 = 18 kg

ρ = m / V = 18 / (0.3 x 0.3 x 0.3 ) = 666.67 kg m −3

b)

Characteristic/cirri Reason/Sebab
1.Streamline / larus 2. reduce the resistance of water/
kurangkan rintangan air
3. Density /ketumpatan rendah 4. higher buoyant force/ daya apungan
tinggi
5. Specific heat capacity high / muatan 6. absorbs heat slowly/serap haba dengan
haba tentu tinggi perlahan
7. High strength / Kekuatan tinggi 8. Difficult to damage / sukar rosak

S, because its streamline,low density, high specific heat capacity and high strength
S, sebab ia adalah larus,ketumpatan rendah,muatan haba tentu tinggi dan kuat.

c) Buoyant force always greater than the load weight,so that the ship will not sink.
Daya apungan sentiasa lebih besar daripada berat beban,supaya kapal tidak
tenggelam

d) 1. In the sea, buoyant force > weight of the ship


Di laut, daya apungan > berat kapal ,kapal timbul
2. When the ship in the river,density of water< density of sea,so buoyant force
decrease
Bila kapal di sungai, ketumpatan sungai < ketumpatan laut,daya apungan
menjadi kurang
3. The weight of the the ship > the buoyant force ,so the ship will sink
Berat kapal > daya apungan ,kapal tenggelam

12 a) i) The total resistace in the circuit / jumlah rintangan dalam litar

ii) 1. 1/3 + 1/ 2+4


2. total resistance = 2 ohm
3. I 1 = 2 A
4. I 2 = 1 A

b) i)
Characteristic/ ciri-ciri Reasons/sebab
1. Smaller surface area 2. the resistance is higher
3.High melting point 4. not easy to melt
5. Low specific heat capacity 6. the temperature arises shortly
7. Long (coiled) metal 8. to increase the resistance

ii) V, because it has,smaller surface area, high melting point, low specific heat
capacity and long metal.