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Mr.

Silimperi Name: _________________


Council Rock High School South Date: _________________
AP Psychology Chapter 7 Drugs

Psychoactive drugs => chemical substance which alters perceptions and moods
Tolerance –diminishing effect with regular use, requires user to take larger doses
Withdrawal – discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing the use of drug
Physical dependence vs. psychological dependence

Depressants Stimulants Hallucinogens


Downers Uppers Distort perceptions
Calm neural activity Excites neural activity Evokes sensory images w/ out
sensory input
Slow bodily functions Arouse bodily functions Psychedelics
EX: barbiturates (tranquilizers) EX: caffeine, nicotine, EX: marijuana (THC), PCP, LSD
Opiates (morphine / heroin), amphetamines, COCAINE
alcohol
Increases harmful tendencies Increase heart/ breathing rates Mood/ expectations color
experience
Urges you feel when sober are Pupils dilate Relaxes, disinhibits, euphoric
the ones you are MORE LIKELY Appetite diminishes high
to act upon when intoxicated
Slows sympathetic nervous Increase in energy and self Therapeutic => pain reducer
system confidence
Slow reaction time Cocaine=>15-30 minute rush; Impairs motor coordination,
then comes “downer” perceptual skills, slows reaction
time
Slurred speech MIX of factors (expectations) Disrupts memory formation,
impairs recall
Skilled performance decreases THC = stays in system longer
Memory=> disrupts processing May achieve high w/ smaller
of recent experiences into LTM amounts
Inability to transfer memories Depresses male sex hormone,
from the intoxicated state to sperm levels, damage to lungs
sober state
Suppresses REM Sleep
Reduces self awareness
User’s expectations
Flood of artificial opiates, brain
stops producing its own
(endorphins)
**ALL trigger negative aftereffects that offset immediate positive effects. EMOTIONS tend to produce
opposing emotions which linger after the original emotions disappear. Opposing emotions will grow
stronger. => TOLERANCE…Withdrawal.