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Instructor: Dr. Marco Bertola

Material allowed: non programmable, non-graphing calculators.

Self-serve formula sheet. For a vector-valued functions ~r(t) in three dimension defining a smooth curve for

t [a, b]

(t) =

k~r 0 (t)k

(a)

aT (t) =

~r 0 (t)

k~r 0 (t)k

(b)

T~ (t) =

s(t) =

t

a

k~r 0 ( )kd

(c)

~ (t) =

N

aN (t) =

k~r 0 (t)k3

(d)

~ (t)

T~ (t) N

(e)

~

B(t)

=

T~ 0 (t)

kT~ 0(t)k

~r 0 (t) ~r 00 (t)

k~r 0 (t)k

(g)

(f )

(i) Find the velocity and the acceleration vectors ~v (t), ~a(t) for a particle that moves as described by the vector-valued

function

~r(t) = ti + [t sin(t) + cos(t)] j + [t cos(t) sin(t)] k .

(iii) Compute the tangent component of the acceleration aT .

Using the chain rule, compute the partial derivatives

f

x

f

y

f (u, v) = cos(uv),

where the variables u, v depend on the variables x, y as follows

u = ln(1 + x2 ) ;

v = x2 y.

For the given curve find the arclength parameter s(t) and reparametrize the curve in terms of it

~r(t) = t2 i + [t sin(t) + cos(t)] j + [t cos(t) sin(t)] k ,

t0.

[Advice: the ensuing integral is immediate if your derivatives are done properly]

(i) Compute the gradient of the function

F (x, y, z) = xy 2 cos(yz).

(ii) Find a direction along which the function F increases as fast as possible at the point (0, 1, ).

(iii) Compute the directional derivative at the point (0, 1, ) along the direction of the vector ~u =

1 j

2

1 k.

2

Find points on the surface x2 + 3y 2 + 4z 2 2xy = 16 at which the tangent plane is parallel to the zx-plane.

Compute the divergence of the gradient of the following function of three variables

1

F (x, y, z) = x2 yz y 3 z + z 2

3

Solution to Problem 1

We have

~v (t) = i + t cos(t)j t sin(t)k

1

~v

T~ = =

(i + t cos(t)j t sin(t)k)

v

1 + t2

The tangent component is

aT (t) = T~ ~a =

t

=

1 + t2

1 + t2

Solution to Problem 2

f

x

f

y

f u f v

+

=

u x v x

2x3 y

2x

2

2

2

= v sin(uv)

u sin(uv)2xy = sin x y ln(1 + x )

+ 2xy ln(1 + x )

1 + x2

1 + x2

f u f v

=

+

=

u y

v y

= v sin(uv)0 u sin(uv)x2 = sin x2 y ln(1 + x2 ) ln(1 + x2 )x2

=

Solution to Problem 3

The arclength parameter is

s(t) =

v( )d

0

Therefore

~v ( ) = 2 i + cos( )j sin( )k

q

s(t) =

5d =

0

5 2

t

2

To reparametrize the curve we have to express t in terms of s. Solving the above relation for t we have

s

2

t(s) = s

5

We now plug this into the expression for ~r(t)

s

s

s

s

"s

#

#

"s

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

si +

s sin( s) + cos( s) j +

s cos( s) sin( s) k

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

Solution to problem 4

We have

~ (x, y, z) = y 2 cos(yz)i + 2xy cos(yz) xy 2 z sin(yz) j xy 3 sin(yz)k

F

At the point (0, 1, ) the gradient is

~ (0, 1, ) = cos()i = i.

F

Since it is already normalized (length one) the direction of max increase at this point is i (the gradient itself). To

compute the directional derivative along ~u = 12 (j + k) we have to compute

~ (0, 1, ) ~u = (i)

D~u F |(0,1,) = F

1

(j + k)

2

=0

Solution to Problem 5

For a plane to be parallel to the xz-plane it is necessary that the normal is -say- j (y-direction). That is the gradient

of the function defining the surface must be parallel to j or equivalently must have zero components in the x and z

direction. The gradient is

~ = (2x 2y)i + (6y 2x)j + 8zk

F

Therefore we have to solve the system

2x 2y = 0

8z = 0

2

x + 3y 2 + 4z 2 2xy = 16

x=y

z=0

4x2 2x2 = 16 x = 8

Solution to Problem 6

The gradient is

~ (x, y, z) = 2xyzi y 2 zj + x2 y 1 y 3 + 2z k

F

3

The divergence of the gradient is

~ F

~ = x (x F ) + y (y F ) + z (z F ) = 2yz 2yz + 2 = 2.

scalar

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