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CHEMICAL PROCESS

PRINCIPLES

LECTURE- 05

PROB-7

Problem:

Convert the length 56.43 ft to its equivalent in units of

metres.

Solution:

Conversion Factors

1 ft = 30.48 cm

1 m = 100 cm

Effective Strategy

So, an effective strategy would appear to

be

ft cm m

Answer: 17.20 m

PROB-8

Problem:

Highway regulations in a certain jurisdiction state that a truck with

two axles may have a maximum weight of 16000 pounds on the

front axle and 20000 pounds on the rear axle. Convert these

weights to their equivalents in kilograms, rounded to the nearest ten

kilograms.

Solution:

Conversion Factors

1 pound = 1 lb = 453.59237 g

1 kg = 1000 g

Effective Strategy

lb g kg

Answer: 9070 kg

10/22/2013

PROB-9

Problem:

According to one internet site, the distance from Vancouver, B. C. to

Hong Kong is 5550 nautical miles, as the crow flies. Ignoring the

question of whether any crow really could fly that far, determine what

this distance is in units of kilometres.

Solution:

Conversion Factors

1 nautical mile = 6080 feet

1 foot = 30.48 cm

Effective Strategy

naut. mi ft cm m km

Answer: 10300 km

PROB-10

Problem:

The speed limit on the Coquihalla Highway in British Columbia is

110 km/h. What is the equivalent speed in units of mi/h, rounded

down to the nearest multiple of 5?

Solution:

Conversion Factors

1 mi = 1.609344 km

Effective Strategy

km mi

Answer: 65 mi/h.

PROB-11

Problem:

According to the U. S. Department of Energy, the 2003 model of the

Chevrolet Malibu has a highway fuel economy rating of 29 mi/gal.

Assuming this is a reference to the U. S. gallon, compute the

equivalent value of this fuel consumption rate in units of km/L.

Round the answer to one decimal place.

Conversion Factors

1 gal = 3.785306 L

1 mi = 1.609344 km

Answer: 12.3 km/L.

10/22/2013

PROB-12

Problem:

A particularly fine variety of cheese is sold for $1.47 per ounce.

What is this price in dollars per kilogram?

Solution:

Conversion Factors

1 pound = 1 lb = 16 oz = 16 ounces

1 lb = 453.59237 g

Effective Strategy

oz lb g kg

Answer: $51.85 per kilogram.

PROB-13

Problem:

Horse race lengths are often measured in furlongs, where 8 furlongs is

equivalent to one mile. A fairly fast horse can run a 9 furlong race in about

1 minute and 45 seconds.

Compute the speed of this horse in km/h.

Conversion Factors

1 mi = 8 furlongs

1 mi = 1.609344 km

1 h = 60 min

1 min = 60 s

Effective Strategy

furlong mi km

s min h

Answer: 60.35 km/h

PROB-14

Problem:

A rectangular region of forest measuring 5.6 mi by 9.2 mi was

destroyed by fire. Compute the area of this region and express your

final answer in units of hectares.

Solution:

area of a rectangle

A = LW

Conversion Factors

1 hectare = 10 000 m2

1 mi = 5280 ft

1 ft = 30.48 cm

Effective Strategy

mi ft cm m

Answer: 13344 hectares.

10/22/2013

PROB-15

Problem:

The acceleration due to gravity near the earths surface (denoted

conventionally by the symbol g) is 9.81 m/s2. This means that the speed of

a falling object (in the absence of air resistance) will increase by 9.81 m/s

for each second of fall. Convert this value into units of ft/s2, and units of

km/h/s.

Answer:

32.2 ft/s2.

35.3 km/h/s.

PROB-16

Problem:

Typical barometric pressure as reported in Canada is 101 kPa = 101,000

N/m2. Convert this value to its equivalent in pounds per square inch, the

units used for barometric pressure in the United States.

Conversion Factors

1 N = 0.22480894 lb

1 in = 2.54 cm

PROB-17

Problem:

It is estimated that approximately 1.05 mi3 of rock was blasted into the

atmosphere as dust during the major eruption of Mt. St. Helens in May,

1980. To how many truckloads of 12 m3 each does this volume of rock

correspond?

Conversion Factors

1 mi = 5280 ft

1 ft = 30.48 cm

Appropriate strategy

mi ft cm m

10/22/2013

km to m

hr

s

80 km

hr

Step 1

Write down the

number and the

unit!

km to m

hr

s

80 km

1 hr

hr 3600 s

First well convert time. Our conversion factor is

1 hour = 3600 sec. Since we want hours to cancel

out, we put it on the top.

km to m

hr

s

80 km

1 hr 1000 m

hr 3600 s 1 km

Next we convert our distance from kilometers to

meters. The conversion factor is 1 km = 1000 m.

Since we want to get rid of km, this time it goes

on the bottom.

10/22/2013

km to m

hr

s

80 km

1 hr 1000 m

hr 3600 s 1 km

=m

s

If you have chosen the correct conversion factors, you

should only be left with the units you want to convert to.

km to m

hr

s

80 km

1 hr 1000 m

hr 3600 s 1 km

80,000 m

3600 s

can now do the math simply

multiply all the numbers on the

top and bottom, then divide the

two.

km to m

hr

s

80 km

1 hr 1000 m

hr 3600 s 1 km

80,000 m

m

= 22 s

3600 s

The

Answer!!

10/22/2013

velocities.

A car that is moving at a velocity of

80 km/hr is traveling the

exact same velocity as a car

traveling at 22 m/s.

Conversion

factor:

Used to convert

a measured

quantity to a

different unit of

measure without

changing the

relative amount.

10/22/2013

Valid Units?

10 m

s

12 mile

hour

20 m

28 mile

hour

30 m 2

s

40 mile

hour

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