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2015/09/11
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Atsushi Nakajima
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D Alert #
20150911-2

25

- the latest mycological papers from Google Scholar


Created byAtsushi Nakajima (@Ats_Nakajima) CC BY 4.0

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2015/09/11

Five new Pseudophialophora species from grass roots in the oligotrophic pine barrens
ecosystem

Pseudophialophora5

Bibliographic information
J Luo, E Walsh, D Blystone, N Zhang - Fungal Biology, 2015 - Elsevier

URL
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1878614615001531

Abstract/Summary
Abstract During our recent survey of fungi in the oligotrophic pine barrens ecosystem, five new Pseudophialophora species, P. angusta, P.
dichanthii, P. magnispora, P. tarda, and P. whartonensis, were uncovered from the roots of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) and tapered
rosette grass (Dichanthelium acuminatum). The five new fungal species are described based on morphological characteristics and DNA
sequences of SSU, ITS, LSU, MCM7, RPB1 and TEF1 genes. The 6-locus phylogeny indicates that Pseudophialophora species form a
monophyletic clade in Magnaporthaceae of Magnaporthales. A key for all described species in Pseudophialophora is provided, including these
five and three previously published species. Distinctions among the new species and other related species are discussed. The plant-fungal
interaction experiment indicates that P. angusta, P. eragrostis, P. magnispora, P. schzachyrii, P. tarda and P. whartonensis have negative
effects on the growth of switchgrass. Runner hyphae were observed from the inoculated switchgrass roots, which are typical structures of
root-infecting pathogens.

Comment (brief comment in Japanese)

Related taxa
(extracted from title and abstract/summary)

Keywords(auto-indexed)
/Panicum, /new species

PseudophialophoraMagnaporthaceae

Daikinrin Daily Document Alert

D Alert #
20150911-3

25

- the latest mycological papers from Google Scholar


Created byAtsushi Nakajima (@Ats_Nakajima) CC BY 4.0

Search Date

2015/09/11

Arthrocladium, an unexpected human opportunist in Trichomeriaceae


(Chaetothyriales)

Arthrocladium

Bibliographic information
MMF Nascimento, L Selbmann, S Sharifynia - Fungal Biology, 2015 - Elsevier

URL
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1878614615001555

Abstract/Summary
Abstract The family Trichomeriaceae (Chaetothyriales) mainly comprises epiphytic and epilithic organisms. In some species elaborate
ascomata are formed, but for the great majority the species no asexual conidium formation is known other than simple fragmentation of the
thallus. The present paper re-establishes the genus Arthrocladium with three non-sporulating species. One of these is described for a strain
causing a fatal infection in a human patient with a rare genetic immune disorder.

Comment (brief comment in Japanese)

Related taxa
(extracted from title and abstract/summary)

Keywords(auto-indexed)

ArthrocladiumTrichomeriaceaeChaetothyriales

Daikinrin Daily Document Alert

D Alert #
20150911-7

25

- the latest mycological papers from Google Scholar


Created byAtsushi Nakajima (@Ats_Nakajima) CC BY 4.0

Search Date

2015/09/11

New species in Cortinarius section Cortinarius (Agaricales) from the Americas and
Australasia

Cortinarius

Bibliographic information
E Harrower, NL Bougher, C Winterbottom - , 2015 - mycokeys.pensoft.net

URL
http://mycokeys.pensoft.net/article_preview.php?id=5409

Abstract/Summary
Five new species from Cortinarius sect. Cortinarius are formally described, four from the Americas (Cortinarius palatinus Harrower, sp. nov.,
Cortinarius atrotomentosus Harrower, sp. nov., Cortinarius altissimus Harrower & T.W. Henkel, sp. nov., Cortinarius neotropicus Harrower,
sp. nov.) and one from Australasia (Cortinarius carneipallidus Harrower & E. Horak, sp. nov.) based on molecular, morphological, and
ecological circumscription. Additional collections of the Australasian species Cortinarius hallowellensis Wood and Cortinarius kioloensis Wood
reveal wider host associations and geographic ranges than previously recorded. Morphological descriptions, photomicrographs and a
dichotomous key to all species in Cortinarius sect. Cortinarius are provided. This work raises the number of species in sect. Cortinarius to
twelve.

Comment (brief comment in Japanese)

Related taxa
(extracted from title and abstract/summary)

Keywords(auto-indexed)

CortinariusAgaricalesCortinarius palatinusCortinarius
atrotomentosusCortinarius altissimusCortinarius neotropicus

/new species, /section

Cortinarius carneipallidusCortinarius kioloensis

Daikinrin Daily Document Alert

D Alert #
20150911-9

25

- the latest mycological papers from Google Scholar


Created byAtsushi Nakajima (@Ats_Nakajima) CC BY 4.0

Search Date

2015/09/11

Four Tasmanian lichens new to New Zealand

Bibliographic information
LR Ludwig, G Kantvilas - SPECIMEN EXAMINED New South Wales: Mount - anbg.gov.au

URL
https://www.anbg.gov.au/abrs/lichenlist/AL77.pdf

Abstract/Summary
Molecular phylogenetic analysis presents two challenges when it is transformed into formal classifications: the taxonomic challenge (whether
and how to distinguish monophyletic sister clades or how to deal with paraphyletic grades) and the nomenclatural challenge (naming clades,
i.e. placing name-giving types accurately on a tree). One approach to the latter is morphology-based phylogenetic binning, which places
specimens based on phenotypic features on a molecular tree and assigns uncertainty values to alternative placement options. Here, we use
the example of the lichenized fungal genus Leptotrema to demonstrate how morphology-based phylogenetic binning can help to clarify
taxonomic and nomenclatural issues when naming phylogenetically defined entities. Leptotrema is known for a common and widespread
species, L.wightii, and phylogenetic analyses have been based exclusively on this species, including the recognition of a separate tribe,
Leptotremateae. However, the genus name Leptotrema and the tribal name Leptotremateae are based on the name L.zollingeri, which was
initially considered to be a synonym of L.wightii, but has recently been shown to represent a distinct species. As L.zollingeri differs
considerably in phenotypic features from L.wightii, it can be questioned whether the two are at all related or whether L.zollingeri is actually
closer to the genera Myriotrema and Ocellularia in tribe Ocellularieae. The solution to this problem is not trivial, as it affects the correct use
of the names Leptotrema and Leptotremateae. Morphology-based phylogenetic binning indeed demonstrated that L.zollingeri clusters with
the Myriotrema album group in tribe Ocellularieae with high support. Hence, in contrast with current use, the name Leptotrema becomes
available for the M.album group and Leptotremateae becomes a synonym of Ocellularieae. As a consequence, the new names

Comment (brief comment in Japanese)

Related taxa
(extracted from title and abstract/summary)

Keywords(auto-indexed)

LeptotremaLeptotremateaeMyriotremaOcellularia
OcellularieaeMyriotrema albumReimnitzia

/Zealand, /synonym,
/New Zealand, /lichen

Daikinrin Daily Document Alert

D Alert #
20150911-17

25

- the latest mycological papers from Google Scholar


Created byAtsushi Nakajima (@Ats_Nakajima) CC BY 4.0

Search Date

2015/09/11

Contributions to the Finnish aphyllophoroid funga (Basidiomycota): new and rare


species

Bibliographic information
P KUNTTU, M KULJU, H KOTIRANTA - czechmycology.org

URL
http://www.czechmycology.org/_cmo/CM67203.pdf

Abstract/Summary
This article contributes to the knowledge of Finnish aphyllophoroid funga (mainly polypores andcorticioids) with nationally or regionally new
species and records of rare species. The record ofTubulicrinopsis cystidiata is the second in the world and Tomentella fuscocinerea is new to
Fin-land. New records are provided for the following species with no more than 10 records in Finland:Antrodia sitchensis, Chaetoporellus
curvisporus, Colacogloea peniophorae, Deviodontia pilae-cystidiata, Luellia recondita, Phlebia femsioeensis, Phlebia subcretacea, Piloderma
lanatum,Plicatura crispa, Polyporus badius, Pycnoporellus alboluteus, Rigidoporus obducens, Skeletocutisochroalba, Trechispora caucasica,
Trechispora laevis, Tretomyces microsporus, Tubulicrinopsiscystidiata, Tulasnella albida and Xylodon nespori. In addition, 49 aphyllophoroid
fungi are re-ported as new to some subzones of the boreal vegetation zone in Finland. The ecology and distribu-tion of some species are
discussed and notes on the substrate of each record are given.

Comment (brief comment in Japanese)

Related taxa
(extracted from title and abstract/summary)

Keywords(auto-indexed)

BasidiomycotaTomentellaTomentella fuscocinerea
ChaetoporellusChaetoporellus curvisporusColacogloea

/Polyporus,

Colacogloea peniophoraeDeviodontiaLuelliaLuellia

/Finland, /rare species,

reconditaPhlebiaPhlebia femsioeensisPhlebia

/new species

subcretaceaPilodermaPolyporusPolyporus badius
PycnoporellusPycnoporellus alboluteusRigidoporus
Rigidoporus obducensTrechisporaTrechispora caucasica
Trechispora laevisTretomycesTretomyces microsporus
TulasnellaTulasnella albidaXylodonXylodon

Daikinrin Daily Document Alert

D Alert #
20150911-21

25

- the latest mycological papers from Google Scholar


Created byAtsushi Nakajima (@Ats_Nakajima) CC BY 4.0

Search Date

2015/09/11

Genome-wide analysis of DNA methylation in the sexual stage of the insect


pathogenic fungus Cordyceps militaris

DNA

Bibliographic information
Y Wang, Z Wang, C Liu, S Wang, B Huang - Fungal Biology, 2015 - Elsevier

URL
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1878614615001543

Abstract/Summary
Abstract DNA methylation is a basic epigenetic mechanism found in eukaryotes, but its patterns and roles vary significantly among diverse
taxa. In fungi, DNA methylation has various effects on diverse biological processes. However, its function in the sexual development of fungi
remains unclear. Cordyceps militaris, readily performs sexual reproduction and thus provides a remarkably rich model for understanding
epigenetic processes in sexual development. Here, we surveyed the methylome of C. militaris at single-base resolution to assess DNA
methylation patterns during sexual development using genomic bisulfite sequencing (BS-Seq). The results showed that approximately 0.4 %
of cytosines are methylated, similar to the DNA methylation level (0.39 %) during asexual development. Importantly, we found that DNA
methylation in the fungi undergoes global reprogramming during fungal development. Moreover, RNA-Seq analysis indicated that the
differentially methylated regions (DMRs) have no correlation with the genes that have roles during fungal sexual development in C. militaris.
These results provide a comprehensive characterization of DNA methylation in the sexual development of C. militaris, which will contribute
to future investigations of epigenetics in fungi.

Comment (brief comment in Japanese)

Related taxa
(extracted from title and abstract/summary)

Keywords(auto-indexed)
/sequencing, /pathogenic
fungi

CordycepsCordyceps militaris

Daikinrin Daily Document Alert

D Alert #
20150911-22

25

- the latest mycological papers from Google Scholar


Created byAtsushi Nakajima (@Ats_Nakajima) CC BY 4.0

Search Date

2015/09/11

Barcoding markers for Pneumocystis species in wildlife

Pneumocystis

Bibliographic information
P Danesi, G da Rold, A Rizzoli, HC Hauffe - Fungal Biology, 2015 - Elsevier

URL
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1878614615001567

Abstract/Summary
Abstract Lung specimens (n=216) from six wildlife species were examined for occurrence of Pneumocystis species in pulmonary tissues.
Among small mammals the shrew Sorex antinorii (80%) were most frequently colonized. In contrast, foxes and badgers did not yield
positive amplification. Host-specificity was noted, at least at the level of the host genus. Phylogenetic trees based on partial mtLSU and
mtSSU showed high diversity of species corresponding to animal host diversity. Nuclear rDNA ITS data confirmed unambiguous separation
of species. In conclusion, ITS is an excellent marker to distinguish species of the genus Pneumocystis.

Comment (brief comment in Japanese)

Related taxa
(extracted from title and abstract/summary)

Keywords(auto-indexed)

Pneumocystis

Daikinrin Daily Document Alert

D Alert #
20150911-26

25

- the latest mycological papers from Google Scholar


Created byAtsushi Nakajima (@Ats_Nakajima) CC BY 4.0

Search Date

2015/09/11

Two new species of Pseudoacrodictys from Hainan, China

Pseudoacrodictys2

Bibliographic information
YR Ma, JW Xia, RF Castaeda-Ruz - Nova Hedwigia, 2015 - ingentaconnect.com

URL
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/schweiz/novh/pre-prints/content-nova_hedwigia_000_0_0_0000_0000_ma_0303_prepub

Abstract/Summary
Abstract: Two previously undescribed Pseudoacrodictys species were collected on dead branches of Ormosia balansae and Sabia limoniacea
from a national forest park in Hainan Province, China. Pseudoacrodictys balansae sp. nov. and Ps. limoniacea sp. nov. were described and
illustrated. They are compared with closely related taxa. A key to Pseudoacrodictys species is provided.

Comment (brief comment in Japanese)

Related taxa
(extracted from title and abstract/summary)

Keywords(auto-indexed)
/Hainan, /new species,
/forest, /China

Pseudoacrodictys

Daikinrin Daily Document Alert

D Alert #
20150911-39

25

- the latest mycological papers from Google Scholar


Created byAtsushi Nakajima (@Ats_Nakajima) CC BY 4.0

Search Date

2015/09/11

Anaerobic Fungi and Their Potential for Biogas Production.

Bibliographic information
V Dollhofer, SM Podmirseg - Advances in , 2015 - books.google.com

URL
https://books.google.co.jp/books?hl=ja&lr=&id=dX6BCgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA41&dq=%22Fungal+Barcoding+Consortium%
22&ots=4GK_ITPt7Q&sig=T_vYmApdTgfKX1ijr54EwUpv8Ys

Abstract/Summary

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(extracted from title and abstract/summary)

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Daikinrin Daily Document Alert

D Alert #
20150911-40

25

- the latest mycological papers from Google Scholar


Created byAtsushi Nakajima (@Ats_Nakajima) CC BY 4.0

Search Date

2015/09/11

Supplementary Materials for: Long-lasting modification of soil fungal diversity


associated with the introduction of rabbits to a remote sub-Antarctic archipelago

Bibliographic information
J Pansu, RC Winkworth, F Hennion, L Gielly, P Taberlet - rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org

URL
http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/roybiolett/suppl/2015/08/28/rsbl.2015.0408.DC1/rsbl20150408supp1.docx

Abstract/Summary

Comment (brief comment in Japanese)

Related taxa
(extracted from title and abstract/summary)

Keywords(auto-indexed)