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CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS:

Separation of powers (SECTIONn 6,7 and 8)


Checks and balances
SECTION 27 Art. 6
SECTION 19 Art. 7
SECTION 21 Art. 7
SECTION 19 Art. 8
SECTION 1 Art. 8
SECTION 4 Art. 8
Permissible delation
Tariff powers SECTION 28 Art 6
Emergency power SECTION 23 (2) Art. 6

ARTICLE 2 - DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES AND STATE POLICIES


Republicanism ( SECTION 1)
Defense of the State ( SECTION 4)
Incorporation clause (SECTION 2)
Separation of church and state (SECTION 6)
Independent foreign policy and nuclear free Philippines (SECTION 7)
Just and dynamic social order (SECTION 9)
Promotion of social justice (SECTION 10)
Respect for dignity and human rights ( SECTION 11)
Family and youth (SECTIONS 12 AND 13)
Equality of men and women ( SECTION 14)
Promotion of health (SECTION 15)

Promotion of balance ecology (SECTION 16)


Education science and technology ( SECTION 17)
Protection to labor (SECTION 18)
Self-reliant and independent economy (SECTION 19)
Land reform (SECTION 21)
Indigenous cultural communities ( SECTION 22)
Independent peoples organization (SECTION 23)
Communication and information ( SECTION 24)
Autonomy of Local Government ( SECTION 25)
Equal access of opportunities ( SECTION 26)
Honest public service and full public disclosure ( SECTION 27)

ARTICLE 6 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT


SENATE
Composition ( SECTION 2)
Qualification ( SECTION 3)
Term ( SECTION 4)
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Composition ( SECTION 5)
Party list ( SECTION 2)
Legislative district ( SECTION 3)
Reapportionment of legislative district ( SECTION 4)
Term ( SECTION 7)
Salaries ( SECTION 10 )
Parliamentary immunities- privelege speech and privelege from arrest ( SECTION 11)

Conflict of interest ( SECTION 12)


Incompatible and forbidden office ( SECTION 13)
Inhibitions and disqualifications ( SECTION 14)
Officers ( SECTION 16)
Quorum ( SECTION 16 (2) )
Discipline of members ( SECTION 16 (3) )
Journal ( SECTION 16 (4) )
Adjournment ( SECTION 16 (5) )
Electoral tribunals ( SECTION 17)
Commision on appointments ( SECTION 18)
Origin of bills ( SECTION 24)
Prohibited measures
Increase of appelate jurisdiction of SC ( SECTION 30)
Sytem of initiative and referendum ( SECTION 31)
Formalities passing of the bills ( SECTION 26 (2) )
Approval of bills ( SECTION 27 (1) )
Legislative Inquiries ( SECTION 21 )
Question hour ( SECTION 22)
Power of Appropriation ( SECTION 29 (1) )
Constitutional limitations
Origination ( SECTION 24)
Discretionary fund ( SECTION 25 (6) )
Special appropriation ( SECTION 25 (4) )
Prohibition to increase ( SECTION 25 (1) )
No rider in appropriation law ( SECTION (2) )

Same procedure for approval ( SECTION 25 (3) )


Prohibition on transfer of funds ( SECTION 25 (5) )
Appropriation for secretarian purposes ( SECTION 29 (2) )
Automatic re-appropriation ( SECTION 25 (7) )
Special fund ( SECTION 29 (3) )
Power of concurrence
Amnesty ( SECTION 19)
Treaty ( SECTION 21)
War power Declaration of the existence of a state of war ( SECTION 23 (1) )

ARTICLE 7 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT


Where executive power belongs ( SECTION 1)
Qualification ( SECTION 2)
Election and proclamation ( SECTION 4)
Term of Office ( SECTION 4 )
Vice President ( SECTION 4 (2) SECTION 9)
Presidential Succession ( SECTIONS 7 8 AND 12)
Oath of office ( SECTION 5)
Prerequisites and Inhibitions
Official residence, no increase of compensation during their tenure ( SECTION 6)
Holding of other office or employment unless provided in the constitution ( SECTION13)
Executive power
Appointing power ( SECTION 16)
Power of control ( SECTION 17)
Military power, habeas corpus, martial law, calling out power ( SECTION 18)

Pardoning power ( SECTION 19)


Borrowing power ( SECTION 20)
Diplomatic power ( SECTION 21)
Budgetary power ( SECTION 22)
Informing power ( SECTION23)

ARTICLE 8 - JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT


Independence of Judiciary
1.The Supreme Court is a constitutional body. It cannot be abolished nor may its
membership or the manner of its meeting be changed by mere legislation. (Art. 8
SECTION 4)
2. The members of the Supreme Court may not be removed except by
impeachment. ( ARTICLE 9 SECTION 2)
3. The SC may not be deprived of its minimum original and appellate jurisdiction
as prescribed in Article VIII, Section 5. ( Art. 8 SECTION 2)
4. The appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court may not be increased by law
without its advice or concurrence. (Art. 6 SECTION 30)
5. Appointees to the judiciary are now nominated by the Judicial and Bar Council
and no longer subject to confirmation by Commission on Appointments. (Art. 8
SECTION 9)
6. The Supreme Court now has administrative supervision over all lower courts
and their personnel. (Art. 8 SECTION 6)
7. The Supreme Court has exclusive power to discipline judges of lower courts.
(Art. 8 SECTION 11)
8. The members of the Supreme Court and all lower courts have security of
tenure, which cannot be undermined by a law reorganizing the judiciary. (Art. 8
SECTION 11)
9. They shall not be designated to any agency performing quasi-judicial or
administrative functions. (Art. 8 SECTION 12)

10. The salaries of judges may not be reduced during their continuance in office.
(Art. 8 SECTION 10)
11. The judiciary shall enjoy fiscal autonomy (Art. 8 SECTION 3)
12. Only the Supreme Court may order the temporary detail of judges (Art. 8
SECTION 5[3])
13. The Supreme Court can appoint all officials and employees of the judiciary.
(Art. 8 SECTION 5[6])
Judicial Power ( SECTION 1)
Jurisdiction ( SECTION 2)
Appointment ( SECTION 9)
Qualification ( SECTION 7 (1) AND (2) )
Fiscal autonomy ( SECTION 3)
Composition of Supreme court (SECTION 4)
En banc cases ( SECTION 4 (2) )
Division cases ( SECTION 4 (3) )
Power of Judicial review ( SECTION 5)
Powers of Supreme court ( SECTION 5)
Original jurisdiction (SECTION 5 (1) )
Appelate jurisdiction (SECTION 5 (2) )
Temporary assignment ( SECTION 5 (3) )
Change of venue ( SECTION 5 (4) )
Rule-making power (SECTION 5 (5) )
Appointment of court personnel ( SECTION 5 (6) )
Administrative supervision of courts ( SECTION 6 )
Tenure of judges ( SECTION 11)
Consultation of the court ( SECTION 13)

Decisions of the court ( SECTION 14)


Salaries of judges ( SECTION 10)
Periods of decision ( SECTION 15)

ARTICLE 9 CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSIONS


Independence of commissions
Created by the constitution (SECTION 1)
Impeachment as a way of removal (SECTION 2)
Fixed term, staggered term, no- acting (SECTION 1 (2) B, C, D)
High salary (SECTION 3 9A)
Fiscal autonomy (SECTION 5 9A)
Promulgate its own rules (SECTION 7 9A)
Disqualifications and inhibitions (SECTION 2 9A)
Sole power to appoint its personnel (SECTION 4 9A)
Powers and functions of each commission:
CSC Civil service commission
Composition and qualification (SECTION 1(1,2) 9B)
Scope of civil service (SECTION 2 (1) 9B)
Appointment in civil service (SECTION 2 (1) 9B)
Security of tenure (SECTION 2 (3) 9B)
Partisan political activity (SECTION 2 (4) 9B)
Self-organization (SECTION 2 (5) 9B)
Temporary employess (SECTION 2 (6) 9B)
Objective of civil service (SECTION 3 9B)
Disqualification (SECTION 7 9B)

Double compensation (SECTION 8 9B)


COMELEC commission on election
Composition and qualifications (SECTION 1 (1) 9C)
Powers and functions (SECTION 2 9C)
Enforcement of election laws (SECTION 2 (1) 9C)
Decision of election contest (SECTION 2 (2) 9C)
Resolve administrative question (SECTION 2 (3) 9C)
Deputization (SECTION 2 (4) 9C)
Registration of political parties (SECTION 2 (5) 9C)
Improvement of election (SECTION 2 (7,9) 9C)
COA commision on audit
Composition and qualifications (SECTION 1 (1) 9D)
Powers and functions (SECTION 2 (1), (2) 9D)
Prohibited exemptions (SECTION 3 9D)