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The preposition aus is very useful in German and is used very frequently, both by itself

and in combination with other words. It is always followed by the dative.


The original meaning of the preposition aus was not only outside and toexit, same
what it means today, but going up as well. Here are todays main meanings
of aus defined, followed by common nouns and expressions with aus.
Aus in the Sense of From Somewhere:
In some instances aus will be used for expressing from somewhere, such as when stating what
country/ place somebody is from. In those German sentences the verbkommen (come)
or stammen (originate) needs to be used, whereas in English that is not so.
Ich komme aus Spanien. (Im from Spain.)
Ich stamme aus Deutschland. (Im from Germany.)
In other uses of aus as in from somewhere, the same verb in both languages will be used.
Ich trinke aus einem Glas. (I am drinking from a glass.)
Ich hole meine Jacke aus dem Klassenzimmer. (Im getting my jacket from the classroom.)
Er kommt aus der Ferne (He comes from a distance.)
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Aus in the Sense of Made Out Of:
Aus welchem Material ist deine Bluse? (Out of what material is your blouse made from?)

Was wird aus Altpapier gemacht? (What is made out of recycled paper?)
Aus in the Sense of Out of/ Coming Out Of:
Sie geht aus dem Haus jetzt. (She is coming out of the house now.)
Das kleine Kind ist beinahe aus dem Fenster gefallen. (The small child almost fell out of the
window.)
Aus in the Sense of Out of/ Because Of/ Due to
Er hat es aus persnlichen Grnden abgesagt. (He did cancel due to personal reasons.)
Deine Mutter tat es aus Liebe. (Your mother did it out of love.)
When Aus is Used as a Prefix:
Aus as a prefix often keeps its main meaning out of in many words. In English most of these
words start with the prefix ex:
Nouns:
die Ausnahme - exception
der Ausgang - the exit
die Auslage - expenses
das Auskommen - the livelihood
die Ausfahrt - the (highway) exit; to go for a drive
der Ausflug - the outing
der Ausweg - the solution
die Ausrede - the excuse
der Ausdruck - the expression
die Aussage - the statement
die Ausstellung - the exhibition
die Auskunft - information
das Ausrufezeichen - the exclamation point
die Ausbeutung - exploitation
der Ausblick - the view
der Ausbruch - the escape; the outbreak
der Auslnder - the foreigner
die Ausdehnung - the expansion

der Auspuf - the exhaust


Verbs:
ausgehen - to go out
ausleeren - to empty out
ausloggen I to log of
ausflippen - to flip out, to lose it
ausfragen - to question
ausbrechen - to break out; to throw up
ausgeben to give out
ausfllen - to fill out
ausbuchen - to book (a flight etc.)
ausdnnen - to thin out
auslassen - to leave out
ausgleichen - to even out
auskommen - to manage
auslachen - to laugh at somebody
ausmachen - to turn/ switch of
auspacken - to unpack
auslften - to air out
Other:
auseinander(adv.) - separated
ausgenommen (conj.) - except
ausdauernd (adj., adv.) perservering; persistently
ausfhrlich (adj., adv.) - detailed, thoroughly
ausdrcklich (adj., adv.) express, expressly ausgezeichnet (adj.; adv.) excellent(ly)
Expressions/ Ausdrcke:
aus Versehen by accident
aus dem Zusammenhang ausreien - to take out of context
aus der Mode - out of fashion
aus dem Gleichgewicht - out of balance
aus folgendem Grund - for the following reason
aus der Sache wird nichts - nothing will come out of it

aus sein - to be out ->Die Schule ist aus (School is out!)


aus Spa - out of fun