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ASME SECTION VIII Div.

1
SHELL CALCULATIONS

NOZZLE CALCULATIONS

CIRCUMFERENTIAL STRESSES

CIRCUMFERENTIAL STRESSES
VALUES

VALUES

300

Maximum Allowable Working Pressure (P):

17500

Maximum Allowable Stress Value (S):

300

Maximum Allowable Working Pressure (P):

17500

Maximum Allowable Stress Value (S):

Height:

Joint Efficiency:

Joint Efficiency:

69.875 34.9375 inside R Outside Diameter of Nozzle:

Inside Diameter of Shell:


Corrosion Allowance:

6.625

Static Head
2.7125 Rn

Corrosion Allowance:

0.653 0.6530 Nom-CA Given total wall thickness:

Given total wall thickness:

0.6

0.6000 Nom-CA

FOR CIRCUMFERENTIAL STRESS (Longitudinal Joints):

FOR CIRCUMFERENTIAL STRESS (Longitudinal Joints):

t = PR/SE - 0.6P
0.6052 inches
t =:

t = PR/SE - 0.6P
0.0470 inches
t =:

P = SEt/R + 0.6t
323 psig
P =:

FOR LONGITUDINAL STRESS (Circumferential Joints):


t = PR/2SE + 0.4P
t =:

t = PR/2SE + 0.4P

659 psig

P =:

P = SEt/R + 0.6t
3417 psig
P =:

FOR LONGITUDINAL STRESS (Circumferential Joints):

P = 2SEt/R - 0.4t

0.2984 inches

300 psig
The minimum required shell thickness for a MAWP of
0.6052 inches, including CA.
is
0.6530 inches, including CA
The MAWP with a shell
thick is:

323 psig.

P = 2SEt/R - 0.4t

0.0232 inches

8493 psig

0.60515
0.0470

300 psig
The minimum required nozzle thickness for a MAWP of
0.0470 inches, including CA.
is
0.6000 inches, including CA
The MAWP with a shell

0.6052
0.0470

t =:

thick is:

t =:

3417 psig.

NOZZLES
Required thickness of shell (tr):

0.6052

Required thickness of nozzle (trn):

0.0470

Diameter of circular opening (d):

5.4250

Correction Factor (F):

L1 =
L2 =

Nozzle:

5.4250
1.6325

Inserted

3.9655
2.2500

(Inserted or Abutting)

Nominal thickness of nozzle wall (tn):

0.6000

Stress value of nozzle (Sn):

17500

Actual tn:

0.6000

Stress value of shell (Sv):

17500

1.25

12500

Stress value of reinforcment (Sp):


Inside shell diameter (D):

69.8750

Outside diameter of reinforcement (Dp):

10
0.75

Thickness of reinforcement (te):


Efficiency (E1):

1.0000

Nominal thickness of shell (t):

0.6530

Actual Dp:

10.0000

Actual te:

0.7500

Actual t:

5.4250
5.4250
0.75
1.6325

0.6530

0
Nozzle projection (h):

Corrosion allowance:

0.0000

Top nozzle weld size:

0.75

Actual Weld:

0.5

Outer reinforcement weld size:

0.7500
0.4250

1.5
1.6325
0.425

0.7500

0
0.0000

Inward nozzle weld:


Area required: dtrF+2tntrF(1-fr1)

A=:

3.2832 SQUARE INCHES

Area: sheld(Et-Ftr)-2tn(Et-Ftr)(1-fr1)
or 2(t+tn)(Et-Ftr)-2tn(Et-Ftr)(1-fr1)

A1=:

0.2593

0.2593
0.1198

Area: nozzle

A2=:

1.6590

1.8055
1.659

Area: inward nozzle 2(tn-c)fr2h

A3=:

0.0000

Area:nozzle weld ouleg*leg*fr2

A41=:

0.5625

Area: nozzle weld inleg*leg*fr2

A43=:

0.0000

5(tn-trn)fr2t
or 5(tn-trn)fr2tn

Nozzle is acceptable.
Reinforcement is required.
More reinforcement is required

FIRST CALCULATIONS
A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A43=:

2.4808

Reinforcement is required.
REINFORCEMENT CALCULATIONS
Area required:

dtrF+2tntrF(1-fr1)

A=:

3.2832 SQUARE INCHES

Area: shell:

d(Et-Ftr)-2tn(Et-Ftr)(1-fr1
A1=:
or 2(t+tn)(Et-Ftr)-2tn(Et-Ftr)(1-fr1)

0.2593

0.2593
0.1198

Area: nozzle:

5(tn-trn)fr2t
or 2(tn-trn)(2.5tn+te)fr2

A2=:

1.8055

1.8055
2.4885

Area: inward nozzle 2(tn-c)fr2h

A3=:

0.0000

Area nozzle out wel leg*leg*fr3

A41=:

0.4018

Area out rein. weld: leg*leg*fr4

A42=:

0.1290

Area in nozzle weld leg*leg*fr2

A43=:

0.0000

A5=:

1.8081

Area in repad

(Dp-d-2tn)tefr4

A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5 =:

Nozzle is acceptable.

75
32.5 psi

4.4037

fr1 =
fr2 =
fr3 =
fr4=

1.0000
1.0000
0.7143
0.7143

1
1
0.7143
0.7143

High Temp
Low Temp
Difference

650
600
50

MAWT

620

Actual Stress

19,160

High Stress
Low Stress
Difference

18.8
19.4
0.6
20
40
0.24

Inspection Intervals:

Time:
Previous thickness:
Present thickness:
Required thickness:
Metal Loss:

7 years
0.5 in.
0.38 in
0.1771 in.
0.12 in.

Corrosion Rate:

0.0171 in/yr

Corrosion Allowance:

0.2029 in.

Remaining Life:

11.836 years

Semi-Elliptical Heads
HEAD CALCULATIONS

VALUES

150

Maximum Allowable Working Pressure (P):

17500

Maximum Allowable Stress Value (S):

Joint Efficiency:
Inside Diameter of Head:

69.875

34.9375 (inside radius minus corrosion allowance)

Corrosion Allowance:
Mill tolerance:

1.125

Given total wall thickness:

1.1250 (Nominal Thickness minus corrosion allowance)

FOR SEMI-ELLIPTICAL HEADS:


t = PD/2SE - 0.2P
t =:

0.2997 inches

Critical Thickness:

P = 2SEt/D + 0.2t
P =:

0.315 in.

562 psig

0.7124

Flat Circular Heads


HEAD CALCULATIONS

VALUES

250

Maximum Allowable Working Pressure (P):

20000

Maximum Allowable Stress Value (S):

Joint Efficiency:

32

16.0000 (inside radius minus corrosion allowa

0.0000
0.17
2.6883

2.2313 (Nominal Thickness minus corrosion

Inside Diameter of Head:


Corrosion Allowance:
C Factor
Given total wall thickness:
FOR SEMI-ELLIPTICAL HEADS:
t = D(CP/SE)
t =:

1.4751 inches

Critical Thickness:

1.549 in.

1.8532

s minus corrosion allowance)

ickness minus corrosion allowance)

Flat Circular Heads (raised face)


HEAD CALCULATIONS

Maximum Allowable Working Pressure (P):


Maximum Allowable Stress Value (S):
Joint Efficiency:
Inside Diameter of Head:
Corrosion Allowance:
C Factor
Given total wall thickness:
W
hG
FOR SEMI-ELLIPTICAL HEADS:
t = D(CP/SE)
t =:

1.9596 inches

Critical Thickness:

2.058

VALUES

250
20000
1
32
0.0000
0.3
2.6883

in.

16.0000 (inside radius minus corrosion allowance)

1.8818 (Nominal Thickness minus corrosion allowance)

1.9207

HEAD CALCULATIONS

VALUES
Maximum Allowable Working Pressure (P):

750

Maximum Allowable Stress Value (S):

19100

Joint Efficiency:

0.85

Inside Diameter of Head:

72

Corrosion Allowance:
Mill tolerance:

0.1250

Given total wall thickness:

0.2722

36.1250 (inside radius minus corrosion allowance)

0.1472 (Nominal Thickness minus corrosion allowance)

FOR HEMISPERICAL HEADS:


t=

PL
2SE - 0.2P

Critical thickness:

t=

0.8383 inches

0.8802 inches

or

P=

2SEt
L + 0.2t

0.4927 inches

P=

s minus corrosion allowance)

ckness minus corrosion allowance)

245 psig

VALUES
Maximum Allowable Working Pressure (P):
Maximum Allowable Stress Value (S):
Joint Efficiency:

20000
1

Outside Diameter of Pipe:

4.5

1.99

Corrosion Allowance:
Mill tolerance:
Given total wall thickness:

0.0500
0
0.26

For Straight Run Pipe:


t = PD/2(SE + Py)
t =:
0.0000 inches
t required =

0.0500

P =: 2tSE/D-2ty
P =:

2423 psig

d=
C=
P=
S=
E=
W=
hg =

168.25
0.3
147
20,000
1
3,000,000
4.625

t=

8.3817

API 650 Tanks

D=

50 ft.

H=

48 ft.

G=

1.3

Sd =

20000

CA =

0.0625 in.

t=

t nom =

0.5 in.

2.6D(H-1)G + CA
Sd

min t =

0.3972 in.

critical t =

t=

0.4597 in.

Flag t =

0.421 in.
0.4375 in.

ASME SECTION I
DRUM CALCULATIONS
VALUES

2500

Maximum Allowable Working Pressure (P):


Maximum Allowable Stress Value (S):

18800
1

Joint Efficiency (E):

84

Ouside Diameter of Drum (D):


Temperature Coefficient (y):

0.4000

Threading Allowance (C:

0.0000

Given total wall thickness:

Inside Radius of Drum (R):

5.303

For Outside Diameter:


t = (PD/2SE + 2yP) + C
5.3030 inches
t =:

P = 2SE(t - C)/D - 2y(t - C)


2500 psig
P =:

For Inside Radius


t = (PR/SE (1 - y)P) + C
t =:

5.3210 inches

P = SE(t-C)/R + (1 - y)(t - C)
P =:

2492 psig

Inside Radius of Drum (R):

36.8212

Boiler Tubes
P=

1949

D=

2.5

S=

15000

E=

e=

t=

t=

PD
2S + P
0.1650
0.2050

+ 0.005D + e

P = (2St)/D * 1000 * F
P=
S=
t=
D=
F=
CA =

CSA Z662

Design Pressure
Specified Minimum Yield Strength (SMYS)
Nominal Wall Thickness
Outside Diameter
Combined Factor (F, L, J & T)
Corrosion Allowance

S=
t=
D=
F=
CA =

359
5.56
114.3
0.6
1.61

P=

Mpa
mm
mm
mm

20956 kPa

Pit Depth Evaluation

Pit Length Evaluation

CA % =

29%

L = 1.12Bsqrt(Dt)

Pit Depth =

1 mm
18%

L=
B=
D=
t=

Acceptable

Yes

L=

P = 2F(s/D)t
P=
F=
S=
t=
D=

S=
t=

Maximum Length of Corroded Area


4.0 for depths >10% & <=17.5%, calculated value for >17.5
Outside Diameter
Nominal Wall Thickness
102.32 mm

ASME B31G
Design Pressure
Design Factor, usually 0.72
Specified Minimum Yield Strength (SMYS)
Nominal Wall Thickness
Outside Diameter

48000 psi
0.159 in

D=
F=

4.5 in
0.72

P=

2,442 psig
16,827 kPa

calculated value for >17.5% & <= 80%

B=

3.624

t = Pd/2F-P
P=

586 kPag

D=

1372 mm

F=

165000 kPa

t=

2.440673 mm
0.09609 in