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Ist Semester Course- STD. IV

Sub.-Social Studies
Ex-1: M.C.Q:
1. Land surrounded by water on three side is called a_______.
a)island b)peninsula
2. _________ lies to the south of India.
a)Srilanka b)Bhutan c)Nepal
3. India is the ______ largest country in the world in terms of area.
4. India is divided into ______ states and _____ union territories.
5. The greatest Indian desert is also called the__________ Desert.
a) Sahara
b)Thar c)Ganges
6. The ______ mountain range is a part of the Northern Mountains.
a)Karakoram b)Pokkarao c)Vindhayas d)Satpura
7. A row of mountains is called_________.
a)pass b) peak c) range
8. _________ is the highest peak in the world.
a) Mount Everest b)K2
c)Nanda Devi d)Kanchenjunga
9. _________ is the famous hill station of the middle Himalayan Range.
a)Manali b)Ooty c) Munnar d) Panchgani
10. The foot of the Outer Himalayas is known as ____________.
a)bangar b) khaddar c)tarai d) alluvial
11. The green colour of our national flag stands for faith and __________.
a)Equality b)progress c) freedom d) struggle
12. We must stand at ______ position while hoisting and lowering the national flag.
a) relaxed b) side c) left
d) attention
13. The lion in the national emblem symbolises_____
a) equality b)progress c) power
d) Struggle
14. Our national bird is _________.
a) pigeon b) peacock
d) sparrow
15. The river_______is not a tributary of river Indus.
(a) Satluj (b) Jhelum (c) Chenab (d) Yamuna
16. River Ganga meets with river Yamuna at the city of_________.
(a) Allahabad (b) Ahmedabad (c) Akolabad (d) Patna
17. _________is an area watered by a river and its tributaries.
(a) Tarai (b) Basin (c) Alluvial (d) Bhaddar
18. The _____dam is built on river Satluj.
(a) Bhakra Nangal (b) Hugli (c) Narmada (d) Sangam
19. The soil of the Northern Plain is known as ______ .
(a) Bangar (b) khaddar (c) tarai (d) alluvial
20. __________soil is made of fine silt.
(a) Black (b) Red (c) Alluvial (d) Red
21. Cotton grows best in ___________soil.
(a) black (b) red (c) alluvial (d) laterite

22. ____________has to be added to red soil to make it suitable for growing crops.
(a) Sand (b) Fertiliser (c) Silt (d) Colour
23. ______________soil is red in colour.
(a) Black (b) Laterite (c) Alluvial (d) Desert
24. Desert soil is found in the _____________Desert.
(a) North (b) South (c) Thar (d) East
25. There are __________types of forests in India.
(a) three (b) five (c) four (d) seven
26. Jim Corbett National Park is in the state of ___________.
(a) Uttarakhand (b) Uttar Pradesh (c) Assam
27. Bharatpur wildlife sanctuary is in the state of ____________.
(a) Rajasthan (b) Bihar (c) Punjab (d) Jharkhand
28. Sunderbans has __________________ forest
(a) mangrove (b) evergreen (c) deciduous (d) thorn
29. Thorn forest is also known as _____________________forest.
(a) desert (b) evergreen (c) coniferous (d) deciduous.
30.__________resources can finish, if not used wisely.
(a) Exhaustible (b) Soil (c) Sand (d) Building
31.__________is a human made resource.
(a) Soil (b) House (c) Water (d) Sunlight
32. Metallic and non-metallic are the types of ____________.
(a) soil (b) minerals (c) water (d) flowers
33. _________has windmills that produce electricity.
(a) Uttar Pradesh (b) Delhi (c) Tamil Nadu (d) Bihar
34.____________is the biggest source of fresh water.
(a) River (b) lakes (c) Sea (d) Stream
35.In cities,water reaches the houses through__________.
(a) well (b) hand pump (c) tap (d) river
36. _____________is not a source of fresh water.
(a) River (b) Lakes (c) Stream (d) Sea
37. The Hirakud Dam is in the state of_____________.
(a) Arunachal Pradesh (b) Odisha (c) Andhra Pradesh (d) Bihar
38. The Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is in the state of ____________.
(a) Arunachal Pradesh (b) Andhra Pradesh (c) Bihar (d) Odisha

Ex-II write True or False

1. Afghanistan is a state of India. False
2. Sri Lanka and Maldives are the neighbours of our country.True
3. The Southern coastal plains is an important physical division of India.False
4. Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan. True
5. Dispur is the capital of Assam. True
6. Mount Godwin Austin is the second largest peak in the world. True
7. The world Himalaya means abode of water.False
8. The middle Himalaya is also known as the Himachal. True
9. Zoji La is an important pass in the Himalayas. True

10.The word La means valley. False

11.The national anthem was written by Rabindranath Tagore. True
12.Lotus is our National flower. True
13.Lion is our national animal. True
14.The national emblem of our country is taken from the Meenakshi Temple. False
15.The Gangasagar dam is built on the river Satluj.
16.River Ganga originates from the Gangotri glaciers. TRUE
17.River Ganga divides into River Jamuna and River Padma on entering West
Bengal. FALSE
18.River Brahmaputra originates in Tibet.
19.A tributary is a small river that flows and merges into bigger river. TRUE
20.Black soil is found in the Northern Mountains. FALSE
21.Desert soil is high in water content. FALSE
22.Rubber is grown in the laterite soil. TRUE
23.The top layer of soil is not so important for the cultivation of food crops. FALSE
24.Cutting trees helps in preventing soil erosion. FALSE
25.The evergreen forests are found in the areas with scanty rainfall. FALSE
26.The deciduous forests are also called monsoon forests. TRUE
27.The coniferous forests are found in India. TRUE
28.The thors forests are also called desert forests. TRUE
29.The Sunderbans are the largest evergreen forests of India. FALSE
30..The government should work done to solve water problem. TRUE
31..Water is important only in desert. FALSE
32.. The longest irrigation canal of the world is in the USA. FALSE
33.. The Persian wheel lifts water with the help of the buffaloes. TRUE
34.. All natural resources are exhaustible. FALSE
35.. Sunlight is a natural resource. TRUE
36.. Human made resources include houses and roads. TRUE
37.. Minerals are no use to us. FALSE
38.. Wind an be used to produce electricity. TRUE
39.. Men in Bihar wear Phiran. FALSE
40.. Kathak is the classical dance form of Uttar Pradesh. TRUE
41.. The folk dance of Odisha is Hikat. FALSE
42.. Ghoomar is a form of classical music. FALSE
43.. Republic day is a national festival. TRUE
Ex-III Blanks:
1. India is situated in the Southern part of the continent of Asia.
2. In terms of population, India is the second largest country in the world.
3. The largest state of India is Rajasthan.
4. India is divided into six major physical divisions.
5. The Himalayan range is the highest mountain range in the world.
6. Austin is the second highest peak in the world.
7. A valley is a low lying area between two hills or mountains.
8. Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary were the first to climb Mount Everest in
9. The Himalayas protect our borders.
10.We must stand at attention position during the hoisting or lowering of the flag.

11.Our national flag is also known as the tiranga.

12.Our national emblem has been adapted from the Ashokan Pillar at Sarnath.
13. The national anthem should be sung in 52 seconds.
14.The saffron side of the flag should always be on top.
15..The Chipko Movement was started in 1974 by Sunderlal Bahaguna.
16.. There are 92 national parks and 500 wildlife sanctuaries in India.
17..Sunderbans get their name from the Sundari trees growing in Tidal forests.
18.. A large area of land covered with trees is known as forest.
19..Santuaries and national parks not only provide a home but also prevent the
killing of animals.
20..A tributary is a smaller river that flows and merges into a bigger river.
21..The Northern Plains are extremely fertile.
22.. Factories and Industries around the rivers cause water pollution.
23.. Alluvial soil makes the land fertile.
24.. Sunderbans delta is the largest delta in the world.
25..Soil is a very important resource.
26.. Soil erosion destroys the fertility of the soil.
27.. Laterite soil is also red in colour due to the presence of iron oxides.
28.. Black soil is found in the state of Madhya Pradesh.
29.. Soil is one of the most important natural resources in India.
30.. Black soil is black in colour and contains a very high percentage of humus.
31.India is a nation with rich culture and heritage.
32.Different states have their own traditional costumes for men and women.
33.Sari is the most popular dress worn by the women of India.
34.We need language to express our thoughts.
35.Architecture is the art of making buildings.
36.Tansen was one of the nine gems in Akbars court.
37.Carnatic music gives importance to bhakti and devotion.
38.The painting of different times and eras tell us about the life style of the people of
those time.
39.Natural resources are gifts of nature.
40.Minerals are very important for our progress.
41.Solar energy is an important inexhaustible resource.
42.All natural resources are converted to different products of utility by the various
43.Soil is one of the most important natural resources.
44.The water in the oceans and seas are salty.
45.Water should not be wasted as it is very precious.
46.The water of the dam is also used to produce electricity.
47.More than seventy per cent of the Earth is covered with water.
48.22 March is celebrated as the world water Day every year.
Ex-IV Match the following:
1. Kerala2. Punjab3. Sikkim4. Uttarkhand5. Jharkhand


6. TripuraAgartala
7. Middle HimalyasHimachal
8. Outer HimalayasShiwalik
9. K2Mount Godwin Austin
10.Bachendri PalThe first Indian women to climb Mount Everest.
11.Terrace farming The type of farming done on the slopes of the mountain.
12.National animaltiger
13.Peacocknational bird
14.National flowerlotus
15.Rabindranath Tagorenational anthem
16.Sarnath lionnational emblem
17.Rain forest
provides medicine
18.Evergreen forests
forests that remains green throughout the year
shedding leaves annually
a tree found in coniferous forest
natural resource
22.Most fertile soil
Alluvial soil
23.Date Palms
Desert soil
24.Remains of dead Plants and animals Humus
25.Soil formed in the hilly areas
Mountain soil
an area watered by a river
a small river
delta in the River Ganga
name of Brahmaputra
a type of soil
31.Victoria Memorial
Buddhist stupa
35.National festival
Republic day
Ex-V Name Them:
1. An area of land surrounded by water on three sides. Peninsula
2. An area of relatively flat land that is higher than the land around it. Plateau
3. A large area of dry land with very little vegetation- Desert
4. A plain which lies next to the coast- Coastal plain
5. An area of land , smaller than a continent, completely surrounded by waterIsland
6. The first Indian women to climb Mount Everest.- BachendriPal
7. The highest peak in the world- Mount Everest
8. River Ganga originates from the glacier- Gangotri
9. A hill station in the middle Himalayan range-Kullu, Manali
10.Another name of the greater Himalayas- Himadri
11.A slow moving river of ice- Glacier
12.Crops cultivated on sloping land which has been cut into large steps-Terrace
13.Our national anthem Jana GanaMana
14.It stands for the beauty and pride for our nation-Peacock

15.It stands for bravery, strength and power- Tiger

16.The saffron colour stands for- courage and sacrifice
17.The white colour stands for Truth and purity
18.The green colour stands for faith and progress
19.Two main braches of river Ganga. Hooghly and Padma
20.The meeting place of Ganga and Yamuna at Allahabad. Sangam.
21.The largest delta in the world. Sunderban delta.
22.Dam built on river Satluj. Bhakra Nangal Dam.
23.Any substance which is added to the soil to increase plant growth. Fertiliser.
24.Soil is fertile and is good for growing cotton,sugarcane and groundnuts. Regur
25.A substance formed from dead leaves and plants, and the remains of plants.
26.Fine sand , clay or mud particles carried by running water and deposited as a
sediment. Silt.
27.Deciduous forests are also known as. Monsoon forests.
28.The trees in this forest do not shed their leaves. Evergreen forests.
29.Trees grown in tidal forests. Sundari forests
30.The trees of these forests can survive in fresh as well as salty water sea. Tidal
31.The movement started by Sunderlal Bahuguna to protect the trees. Chipko
32.The barriers constructed on rivers.
Ans. Dams
33.The process of collecting and storing rainwater tobe used later. Ans. Rainwater
34.The world water day is celebrated every year.
Ans. 22 March
35.The small channels through which water from rivers or dams is diverted to the
Ans. Canals
36.Exhaustible resources.
Ans. Soil, water
37.Inexhaustible resources
Ans. Air, sunlight
38.Humans made resources.
Ans. Houses,roads
39.Natural resources.
Ans. Soil, minerals, forest,
40.Two minerals.
Ans. Iron, copper
41.Two food crops.
Ans. Wheat , rice
42.Man made resources.
Ans. Cloth, vehicles
43.The most popular dress worn by woman of India. Ans. Sari
44.The art of making buildings.
Ans. Architecture
45.An important medium for effective communication.
Ans. Language
46.This dances are usually performed in temples as a form of worship. Ans.
Classical dance
Ex-VI Define:
1. Valley-A valley is a low lying area between two hills or mountains.
2. Tarai-The foothills of the Himalayas are called tarai.
3. Glacier- Slow moving rivers of ice are called glacier.
4. Pass- A route through a mountain range is called pass.
5. Tributary :- A smaller river that flows into a bigger river is called a tributary.

6. Basin :- An area watered by a river and its tributaries is called a basin.

7. Forests :- A large area of land covered with trees is called forests.
Ex-VII Give reasons:
1. The peaks of the greater Himalayas are covered with snow throughout the yearbecause it the northern most and the highest range of the Himalayas.
2. People visit hill stations during summer- because the weather is pleasant
during summer in the hill station.
3. Laterite soil is red in colour--------------------- because of the presence of iron
oxides in the soil.
4. Alluvial soil is very fertile------------------ because this soil is made by silt
brought down by the rivers from the Northern Mountains.
5. Dams are built on rivers----------- because dams produce electricity and provide
water for irrigation.
6. Factories and Industries around the river causes water
pollution---------------------because throw their waste in the river and pollute it.
The water of the river becomes unfit for drinking and irrigation.
7. Rainwater harvesting is useful----------- because the water stored can be used
later when there is scarcity of water.
8. We cant use the water found in Oceans and Seas for our daily use ------because
the water of seas and oceans is salty.
9. Dams are called multipurpose projects because-------------The water stored
behind the dam in a reservoir is used for various purposes like irrigation and
produce electricity.
10.We need to save some natural resources because----------some natural resources
will exhaust, if not used wisely.
11.Minerals are very important for our progress because ---------all all industries
develop with the help of minerals
Ex-VIII Write Ques/ Ans;
1. Name the two neighbouring countries of India in the north.
Ans. China and Nepal are the two neighbouring countries of India in the north.
2. Name the six physical divisions of India.
Ans. The six physical divisions of India are:
1) The northern mountains
2) The Northern plain
3) The Great Indian Desert
4) The Southern Plateau
5) The Eastern and Western coastal plains
6) The Islands
3. Name the North eastern states along with their capitals.
Ans. The North eastern states are:

Arunachal Pradesh- Itanagar

Assam- Dispur
Nagaland- Kohima
Mizoram- Aizawl
Manipur- Imphal

6) Meghalaya- Shillong
7) Tripura- Agartala
4. Which mountain ranges forms the Northern mountains
Ans. The mountain ranges that forms the Northern Mountains are:

The Greater Himalayas or Himadri range

The Middle Himalayas or Himachal range
The Outer Himalayas or Shiwalik range
Describe the climate of the Northern Mountains.
Ans. 1) The climate of the Northern mountains is very cold
2) At some places there is even heavy snowfall
3) There is heavy rainfall in the Shiwalik range
6. Why is Pass an important part of a range? How does it help humans?
Ans. Pass is an important part of the range because it is a route through a mountain
range. It helps humans to cross a mountain.

7.How do the Northern mountains cause rainfall in our country?

Ans. The Northern Mountains stop the monsoon winds from going further to the
North and cause heavy rainfall in our country.
8. Why are there so many natural parks and wildlife sanctuaries in the Northern
Ans. There so many natural parks and wildlife sanctuaries in the Northern mountains
to give protection to the wild animals and birds living in the forests.
9. Why is our national flag known as the tiranga?
Ans. Our national flag is known as the tiranga because it has three colours.
10. Who wrote our national anthem?
Ans. Our national anthem was written by Rabindranath Tagore.
11. What is our national animal and what does it stand for?
Ans. The tiger is our national animal. It stands for bravery, strength and power.
12. Explain the significance of the colours saffron, white and Green in our National
Ans. 1) The saffron colour stands for courage and sacrifice.
2) The white colour stands for truth and purity.
3) The green colour stands for faith and progress.

13.Why are the Northern plains fertile? Which crops are grown here?
Ans. The Northern plains are very fertile because they carry alluvial soil which makes
the land fertile. The crops grown here are rice, wheat, cotton, jute, sugarcane, millet
14.Name the major river basins of the Northern plains.
Ans. The major river basins of the Northern Plains are:1. Indus basins
2. Ganga basins
3. Brahmaputra basins
15.The Northern plains are thickly populated. Why?
Ans. The Northern plains are thickly populated because:1. The rivers carry alluvial soil which makes the land fertile.
2. Large quantities of food crops are grown here.
16.Name major tributaries of River Ganga.
Ans. The major tributaries of River Ganga are Gandak, Gomati , Kosi, Ghaghara,
Chambal, Sind, Betwa and son.
17.Which state of India fall on the Indus Basin?
Ans. The states of Punjab and Haryana fall on the Indus basin.
18.Name the major rivers that flow through the Northern plains.
Ans. The Indus, Ganga and the Brahmaputra are the major rivers that flow through
Northern plains.
19..What is soil?
Ans. The top layer of the Earth on which plants and trees grow is called soil.
20..How is soil formed?
Ans. Soil is formed by the breaking of large pieces of rocks into smaller pieces, which
are further broken creating a layer of soil.
21.. List three varieties of soil in India?
Ans. The varieties of soil in India are:1. Alluvial soil
2. Black soil
3. Red soil
4. Laterite soil
5. Desert soil
6. Mountain soil
22. How do we make red soil suitable for agriculture ?
Ans. Fertilizers have to be added to the red soil to make it suitable for agriculture.
23.. Name the different kinds of forests found in India ?
Ans. Different types of forests found in India are :1. Evergreen forests
2. Deciduous forests
3. Thorn forests
4. Coniferous forests
5. Tidal forests
24.How are forests important for wild life?

Ans. Forests provide shelter to wildlife and fodder to animals.

25..What has government done to save the wildlife ?
Ans. Our government has provided home to wild animals by making various
national parks and wild life sanctuaries.
26..What was the Chipko Movement?
Ans. The Chipko Movement was about protecting trees from being cut.This
movement was started by Sunderlal Bahuguna.
27. Name some of the important monuments belonging to the Mughal period?
Ans. Some of the important monuments belonging to the Mughal period are Red
Fort, Taj Mahal, Jama Masjid etc.
28.Name the types of festivals celebrated in India?
Ans. Three types of festivals celebrated in India are :- National festivals , Religious
festivals and Harvest festivals.
29.Write the names of three classical dances with their states?
Ans. 1.Bharatnatyam-----Tamil Nadu
2. Kathak-------Uttar Pradesh
3. Manipuri-------Manipur
30. Write the names of three folk dances with their states?
Ans. The names of three folk dances are:1. Bhangra and Gidda-------- Punjab
2. Ghoomar------Rajasthan
3. Dandia and Garba-----Gujarat
31. What are the two kinds of resources?
Ans. The two kinds of resources are :- 1. Natural 2. Man made
32.How do resources get exhausted?
Ans. Resources will get exhausted if not used wisely.
33.Why are forests an important resources?
Ans. Forests are an important natural resources because they provide us with many
things like fruits, herbs, wood, medicine, rubber,timber and fuel wood.
34.What would happen if there were ni minerals?
Ans. No industries would develop if there were no minerals.
35.Think of three ways by which we can save electricity?
Ans. Three ways by which we can save electricity:1. Switch off lights and fans when not, in use.
2. Make use of solar energy.
3. Switch off electricity every dayat least for ne hour.
36. Why is water important for life?
Ans. Water is important for life because it is used for various purposes like drinking,
cooking, bathing, washing,cleaning and irrigation.
37. Name the sources of water on the Earth.
Ans.The sources of water are rivers, seas,oceans,lakes,ponds,streams and rain.
38. What is rain water harvesting?
Ans. Rain water harvesting is the process of collecting and storing rainwater to be
used later.
39. What is a Persian wheel ?

Ans.Persian wheel is a mechanical way of lifting water from open wells with the
help of animals like buffaloes or camels.
40. How are canals useful?
Ans. Canals are small channels through which water from rivers or dams is diverted
to the fields where there is shortage of water.
41. Why should we conserve the historical places ?
Ans. Historical places are connected to our culture and history.They are our legacy
and hence we should conserve them.
42. On which Tithi is the moon visible as a complete sphere?
Ans. The moon is visible as a complete sphere on Poornima.
43.What is the fortnight in between Sud Ekam and Sud Poornima ?
Ans. The fortnight from Sud Ekam to Sud Poornima is called the bright fortnight or
Shukla Paksha.
Ex- IX Write short notes on:
1. Importance of Northern mountains
1) They act as a natural barrier protecting our borders.
2) They stop the cold winds of Northern Asia from entering our countries.
3) The forests in these mountains provide with timber, medicines and other useful
4) It stops the monsoon winds from going further to the north and bring heavy
5) It provides us with water which helps us in generating electricity by
constructing dams on rivers.
2. Our National Flag
1) Our National flag is known as tiranga.
2) It has three horizontal bands of three colours.
3) They are saffron, white and green.
4) The saffron colour at the top stands for courage and sacrifice
5) The white colour in the middle stands for truth and purity
6) The green colour at the bottom stands for faith and progress.
7) There is a wheel in the navy blue colour at the centre of the white band. The
wheel has 24 spokes.
3. Our National Emblem
1) Our National Emblem has been taken from the Ashokan pillar at the Sarnath.
2) It has four lions facing four directions but only three can be seen on the front
3) The base of the emblem has a wheel at the centre with a bull on the right and a
running horse on the left.

40. The Northern Plains

1. The Northern Plains is the most fertile plain the world.
2. It extends from Punjab in the west to Assam in the east.
3. These plains are thickly populated because of the rivers flowing throughout
the year.
4. It is divided into three basins. They are Indus basin, Ganga basin and
Brahmaputra basin.
5. The Indus basin covers Punjab and Haryana.
6. The Ganga basin covers Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal.
7. The Brahmaputra basin covers Assam and Tripura.
41. Soil of India
1. Soil is a very important national resource.
2. There are many types of soil found in India.
3. They are --- Alluvial soil, Black soil, Red soil, Laterite soil, Desert soil and
Mountain soil.
4. Soil erosion destroys the fertility of the soil.
5. Soil erosion can be avoided by grooving more trees.
42. Forests of India
1. Forests are useful to us in many ways. They are an important natural resource.
2. Forests prevent soil erosion and controls floods.
3. We get many useful things like timber, firewood, wood pulp, rubber, gum and
4. They provide shelter to wild animals.
5. There are five different types of forests in India. They are Evergreen forests,
Throne forests, Deciduous forests, Coniferous forests and Tidal forests.
6. We must conserve our forest and wild life.
Ex- Answer in Detail
1. Paintings can be an important source to understood the life style of the people
Ans. 1.Painting is an important medium to express ones thoughts.
2.The paintings of different times and eras tell us about the life style of the
people of those times.
2.What were the contribution made by the Mughals to the development of the
architecture of India?
Ans. 1.The Mughals has contributed a lot to Indian architecture.
2.They had their distinct style of architecture.
3.These structures had domes alongwith minarets.
4.Red Fort,Jama Masjid, Taj Mahal , are the examples of their grand architecture.
3.Is there any effect of occupation on the structure of the house? How?
Ans. Yes, If a persons business is flourishing, he lives either in a well built house or a
bungalow .If the business is not running well, he lives in a raw house or house with tin
shed or on rent. This way the occupation of a person affects the structure of his house.
4. Write three uses of forest?
Ans. Three uses of forest are:
1) Forest prevent soil erosion and control floods.
2) Trees supply oxygen to the air.
3) They provide shelter to wild animals and birds.

5. What are the advantages of having wild life sanctuaries and national parks?
Ans. The advantages of having wildlife sanctuaries and national parks are:
1) Animals and birds can move freely in the protected areas and killing them is
2) Trees are not allowed to be cut.
6. How does occupation influence the life of a person?
Ans. Occupation influences the life of a person. If the business of a person is
running well, he lives peacefully and comfortably. If the business is not running
smoothly the persons life gets ruined. He lives in tension and agony.
7. Which things affect food habits of people?
Ans. Festivals, celebrate marriages, change in seasons illness, natural or man-made
calamities affect the food habits of people. Economic status, social culture and caste
also affect the food habits of people.
8. .What do you mean by Tithi?
Ans. The Hindu calendar starts from the month Kartik and ends in the month
Ashwin. There are twelve months in this calendar. The days of these months are
called Tithi.
9. How can we stop soil erosion?
Ans. We can stop soil erosion by taking the following steps.
1. We should not cut trees.
2. We should plant more trees as they hold the soil with their roots.
3. We should not allow over grazing by animals.
10.Write five rules that have to be followed while hoisting a flag.
Ans. Five rules to be followed while hoisting a flag are:

It should be hoisted only between sunrise to sunset.

The saffron band should always be on the top.
We should stand at attention while hoisting or lowering of the flag.
The national flag should always be carried in front during a procession.
A torn flag should never be hoisted.

11.Which festivals are the national festivals ? Why?

Ans. Our national festivals are:-1. Independence Day 2. Republic Day.
1.On 15th of August ,1947 our country achieved freedom from British rule.
Since then we celebrate 13th Independence Day.(2) On 26th January,1950 our
constitution came into existence from this day onwards our nation became a socialist
democratic republic and secular nation. Since then we celebrate 26th January as
Republic day.
12.what type of houses do you find more in your Tehsil?
Ans.: There are different types of houses in my Tehsil. There are many houses with
Strong RCC roofs, multi-storeys buildings, houses with tin sheds or raw houses
and huts.

Ex - Fill up the Map State and Their Capitals

1. Fill in the Map:States and Capitals: Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Bihar
Assam, Nagaland, Gujarat, Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Goa,
Madhya Pradesh.
Neighbouring Countries: Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, China, Bhutan, Myanmar,
Sri Lanka.
Union Territory: Diu and Daman, Lakshadweep Island, Andaman and Nicobar
Boundaries: Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal.

Style of Paper:
Ex-1. MCQ
Ex-2. Blanks
Ex-3. True/False
Ex-4. Matching
Ex-5. Name Them
Ex-6. Give Reason
Ex-7. Define
Ex-8. Answer in short
Ex-9. Answer in Details
Ex-10. Short Notes
Ex-11. Map

04Marks (Any Two)
04Marks (Any Two)
10Marks (Any Five)
09Marks (Any Three)
05Marks (Any Two)