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SCIENCE ASSIGNMENT

SEM I

STD-IV

COURSE : L-1,2,3,4,5,7,8 from I-Explore Text Book.


L-1,2,3,5 from Environment Text Book.
PAPER STYLE OF SCIENCE
I . Choose the correct Option [MCQ]
II. Fill in the blanks
III. True or False
IV. Name them
V. Match the following
VI. Give reasons
VII. Answer in short
VIII. Answer in Detail
IX. Draw and label
EX - I

[1*15= 15 MARKS]
[1*10= 10 MARKS]
[1*8 = 8 MARKS]
[1*8 = 8 MARKS]
[1*6 = 6 MARKS]
[1*7 = 7 MARKS]
[2*7 = 14 MARKS]
[3*3 = 9 MARKS]
[1*3 = 3 MARKS]

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION

1. Digestion of food begins in the __________________.


a . intestine b. mouth c. stomach
2. Nutrients from the food pass into the blood from the ______________.
a. mouth b. small intestine c. stomach
3. Food reaches all the parts of the body with the help of ______________.
a. blood
b. lungs
c. kidneys
4. Name the digestive juice found in the mouth _________________.
a. bile
b. pancreas c. saliva
5. Cavity causes toothache when it reaches __________________.
a. dentine b. enamel c. pulp
6. It is one of the causes of accidents in schools ________________.
a. being careful while handling sharp object
b. sitting quietly in the classroom
c. pushing each other.
7. If you climb on shelves _________.
a. you may fall down b. you may hurt yourself c. both a and b .
8 . In case , the cooking gas leaks , you must _______________.
a. close all the windows and doors b. switch on the light
c. contact the gas agency
9. According to the rules for rail safety,
a. do not wait for the train to stop while getting out of the train.
b. do not use the foot over bridge to cross the railway tracks.
c. do not throw any object at the train.
10. A first-aid box usually has
a. a small cotton-roll
b. an antiseptic cream.
c. both a and b.
11. What is applied to an internal injury caused due to the fall from a vehicle?
a. Burnol b. Iodex c. Dettol.
12. All vehicles stops when the traffic light changes to ____________.
a. Red
b. Green
c. Yellow
13. Which of the following is not available in the first-aid box of the school ?
a. Injection
b. Scissors c. Bandage.
14. While playing in the school, Roshans nose started bleeding. From which organ of his
will blood come out ?
a. Ear
b. Eye
c. Nose
15. Carrots are good source of _________________.

body

a. carbohydrates b. minerals
c. proteins
16. This food is rich in roughage _________________.
a. chicken b. milk
c. radish.
17. This nutrients gives us energy ________________.
a. proteins b. carbohydrates c. minerals
18. It is one of the method of preservation ______________.
a. washing b. cutting
c. canning
19. Fruits are washed before eating _________________.
a. to remove dirt b. to remove chemical c. both a and b .
20. The fibres of these clothes are obtained from animals _________
a. cotton fibres b. polyester c. woollen sweater
21. This cloth is obtained from flax _______________.
a. cotton
b. linen
c. polyester
22. The correct order when making a cloth is ________________.
a. fibre ,yarn ,cloth b. yarn , fiber ,cloth c. yarn ,cloth ,fibre
23. Cocoon is unwind to produce _____________.
a. silk
b. jute
c. linen
24. It is a synthetic fibre ______________.
a. coir b. acrylic
c. wool
25. Which of the following is made from wheat ?
a. Sweets
b. Pakoda
c. Puri
26. Which of the following is a pulse?
a. Indian bean b. jujube c. wheat
27. Which of the following methods of cooking is used for making puri ?
a. boiling
b. frying
c. roasting
28. Which of the following types of food is harmful to health if eaten frequently?
a. fried
b. boiled
c. marinated
29. Which of the following grows on a tree ?
a. mango b. banana c. grapes
30. Which of the following vegetables is used for making hair oil ?
a. bottle gourd
b. potato
c. cabbage
31. Which of the following is a shrub ?
a. basil tree
b. mango tree
c. neem tree
32. Which of the plants have long life span ?
a. shrub b. tree c. climber
33. Where is a cow is kept ?
a. hive b. stable c. shed
34. Which of the following is a hunter bird?
a. parrot b. eagle c. sparrow
35. Which of the following uses its paws to swim in water ?
a. crane b. eagle c. duck
36. For preparing food along with sunlight and chlorophyll, plants need
a. oxygen and water b. oxygen and carbon dioxide c. Carbon dioxide and water.
37. This gas present in the air is used by plants during photosynthesis.
a. Oxygen b. Carbon dioxide. c. Water vapour.
38. This living thing prepares its own food.
a. Tree
b. Tiger
c. Butterfly.
39. Leaves do not prepare food at night because
a. they need rest b. there is no carbon dioxide c. there is no sunlight.
40. It is a desert plant.
a. date palm b. Pine tree c. Coconut tree
41. Rubber tree grows in places which are
a. cold
b. very hot
c. hot and humid
42. The spines in a desert plant are modified
a. flowers b. leaves
c. stem
43. These plants have breathing roots that grows out of the soil.

a. Cactus b. Conifers
c. Mangroves
44. Plants that grow on other plants are called
a. insectivorous b. epiphytes c. floating plants.
EX II

FILL IN THE BLANKS

1. Birds have HOLES in place of ears.


2. TAILOR BIRD sews leaves together to make nest .
3. Three main types of plants are TREE , SHRUB , and CLIMBER.
4. Trees are our friends .
5. NEEM and BABUL sticks are used for cleaning teeth .
6. SPICES are used to make food delicious .
7 . The plants which spread on the ground or need support to climb are called CLIMBERS.
8. By eating balanced diet and exercising daily our HEALTH remains good .
9. The three methods of cooking food are ROASTING , BOILING and FRYING .
10. Houses are built on slits to avoid rain water from ENTERING INSIDES .
11. There are two types of building materials NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC .
12 .Ice is used by ESKIMOS to build igloos .
13. THICK walls keep the house cool.
14. FABRIC is used to make tents .
15. Ice is used to make IGLOOS .
16. Slate is used as ROOFING material.
17. Flat, broad leaves of a plant get MAXIMUM sunlight.
18. The LEAF is the kitchen of the plant .
19. The CHOROPHYLL in the leaves uses sunlight for energy .
20. The food prepared by the leaf is in the form of STARCH.
21. The LEAF BLADE traps maximum sunlight.
22. Air enters and leaves the leaf through the STOMATA.
23. Plants produce SUGAR during photosynthesis.
24. In cactus, photosynthesis takes place in the STEM.
25. Pine trees have needle-like LEAVES.
26. Banyan is a DECIDUOUS type of tree.
27. Rubber and coconut grow in HOT and DAMP places.
28. Spines in a cactus plant prevent loss of WATER.
29. Trees which grow in marshy lands are known as MANGROVES.
30. Water HYACINTH plant floats on water.
31. The roots of water LILY are fixed in the mud at the bottom of the pond.
32. The TAPE grass plant is completely submerged in water.
33. Plants which grow on land are called TERRESTRIAL plants.
34. Plants which do not shed all their leaves at the same time are called EVERGREEN.
35. Plants which grow in marshy lands are called MANGROVES.
36. The leaves of fixed aquatic plants have stomata on the UPPER side of the leaf.
37. Underwater plants have narrow thin leaves with no STOMATA.
38. The second set of teeth is called permanent teeth.
39. The Pulp is the innermost layer of the tooth.
40. In the mouth, the food mixes with saliva.
41. In the case of accident, the immediate help given to an injured person before taking him to the
hospital is called first aid.
42. Clothes are made from long, thin strands or threads of material called fibres.
43. Fibres are spun into threads .
44. Warm clothes are made from woollen fibres.
45. Coir is obtained from coconut fibres .
46. Hessian cloth is used for making sacks
47. Body-building foods are rich in proteins.
48. If food is overcooked, useful nutrients are lost.

EX III

STATE WHETHER THE FOLLOWING STATEMENT ARE


TRUE OR FALSE

1. Various type of food are necessary for good health


TRUE
2. Vegetable provides energy to our body
FALSE
3. We must always wash vegetables before cooking
TRUE
4. We must chew the food properly
TRUE
5. Shorgum bicolour [jowar] is a pulse
FALSE
6. Teak wood is used as furniture
TRUE
7. Basil plant is used as medicine
TRUE
8. Papaya grows on creeper
FALSE
9. Plants are used as food by us
- TRUE
10.Dog is a faithful animal .
- TRUE
11. Cow and buffalo have nails in their feet
FALSE
12. Birds take their food by their beak
- TRUE
13.Teeth of all the animals are of the same shape
FALSE
14. Birds do not have ears visible from outside
- TRUE
15. A small baby has tooth buds inside the tongue.
False.
16. The colour of teeth depends on their function.
- False.
17. The outermost part of the tooth is called dentine.
- False.
18. Saliva helps in the digestion of starch.
True.
19. Bile helps to digest carbohydrates.
- False.
20. Water is absorbed in the large intestine.
- True.
21. Play with knife.
- False.
22. Wait for your turn on the swings.
- True.
23. Light a matchstick to check cooking gas leakage.
- False.
24. We must apply iodex on wounds
- False.
25. In the case of Electric shock, we must remove a person from electric contact with the
help of a wooden stick.
True.
26. Take medicines on your own.
- False.
27. When the traffic light is red, vehicles start moving.
- False.
28. If there is a school on the main road, moving vehicles slow down near it. - True.
29. We must always walk on the right side of the road. - True.
EX IV NAME THEM
1. Name two carnivores
ANS Lion , Tiger
2. Name two herbivores
ANS cow , deer
3. Name two birds have nail in their claws
ANS Hawk , Eagle
4. Name two hunter birds
ANS Eagle , Hawk
5. Name the animals that can dig ground with their claws to make burrows
ANS Rabbit , Rat
6. Name three type of aquatic plants
ANS Floating plants ,Fixed plants ,Under water plants .
7. The flat broad surface of the leaf .
ANS Leaf blade
8. The vein which runs along the centre of the leaf
ANS Mid rib
9. The minute pores on a leaf
ANS Stomata
10. The green substance of the leaf
ANS Chlorophyll

11. The process through which a leaf prepare food


ANS Photosynthesis
12. A plants in which the food is prepared by stem
ANS Cactus
13. Keeping something in a good condition for long time .
ANS. Preservation
14. Keeping food and drink in a closed container without water.
ANS. Canning
15. Name two foods which are rich in carbohydrates.
ANS. Rice and potato .
16. Name any two minerals which are needed in small amount s by your body
ANS. calcium and iron .
17. Cutting of fleece.
ANS. sheared.
18. Insect which makes silk fibres
ANS. silk worm.
19. Food of silk worm
ANS. mulberry leaves.
20. Long poles used to support a structure built above the surface of water or land
ANS. Stilts.
21. Plan for using money.
ANS. Budget.
22. A person who designs house
ANS. Architect.
23. A person who constructs houses.
ANS. Engineer.
24. A person who makes and fixes metal grills, gates etc.
ANS. Fabricator.
25. Trees which have green leaves throughout the year.
ANS. Evergreen trees .
EX V MATCH THE FOLLOWING
1. Parrot
2. Vulture
3. Horse
4. Rat
5. Cow
6. Cedar
7. Peepal
8. Pepper
9. Cactus
10. Mangroves
11. Tape grass
12. Fat
13. Iron
14. Starch
15. Cooking
16. Canning
17. Fleece
18. Cocoon
19. loom
20. Linen
21. Rubber
22. Incisors
23. Canines

Eats food with beak


Eats the flesh of dead animals
Useful for riding
Nibbles food
Useful in farming
Hilly area
Plains
Hot and damp place
Desert
Marshy lands
Under water
Butter
Mineral
Carbohydrates
Boiling
Preservation
Coat of sheep
Silkworm
Weaving machine
Flax
waterproof.
Cutting
Grip and tear

24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.

Molars
Incisors
Mouth
Small intestine
Oesophagus
Liver

EX - VI

Grind and chew


Teeth
Saliva
Long coiled tube
Food pipe
Bile

GIVE REASONS

1. Deciduous trees shed all their leaves once in a year .


2. Breathing roots are found in trees that grows in marshy lands where the soil is clayey and covered
with water .
3. Floating plants are spongy and filled with air .
4. Grass grow from the base so that even when animals graze on them , the grass grows again
quickly .
5. Rainforest are hot and damp.
6. The types of houses built in an area depend on the climate of that place , building materials
available in the place and the money available with a person to build a houses.
7. Concrete is used because of its strength and long life .
8. Metals like steel and iron are used to make strong building , grills and gates .
9. The cost of a house depends on its size , building materials used, interior decoration of houses , cost
of land , facilities available etc.
10. A houses should have over head tanks to store enough water.
11. Plants are called our friends because they gives us food, furniture, they purify the air and help to
bring rain and also help to check soil erosion and fulfill many of our needs.
12. Proteins should be included in our daily diet because they help to grow ,build the muscles and
help to repair the wear and tear of the body.
13. Vitamins and minerals are called protective food because they keep our body healthy and help us
to fight against diseases.
14. Fruits and vegetables should be washed before eating because they contains dust and mud and
some chemicals which are harmful to us.
15. Food should be cooked in just enough water because the extra water contains nutrients, if the extra
water is thrown away the nutrients are also lost.
16. You must not leave your toys on the floor because you may trip over them.
17. You must not play in the classroom because you may hurt yourself or others.
18. While riding a bicycle , you should be careful if the road is wet because your bicycle must skid.
19. You must not throw any object at the train because it can hurt people on the train.
20. The wound should always be cleaned before applying an antiseptic cream because dirt and germs
can cause infection.
EX VII

ANSWER THE FOLLOWING IN SHORT

1. What is a balance diet ?


A. The diet that provides all the nutrients in the right amount is a balanced diet. A balanced diet
keeps us fit and healthy.
2. What would happen if we eat raw food ?
A. Raw food is hard to digest easily. If we eat raw food we will suffer from stomach ache due to
indigestion.
3. Why must we grow more trees ?
A. Trees purify air, give shade. They keep the atmosphere cool and help to bring rain. They
increase the beauty of the environment.
4. Why do birds love living on trees ?
A. Birds make nests on the trees. They feel cool in the tree shade. They can live without any fear on
the trees. Hence birds love living on the trees.
5. What are the unique qualities in the animals?
A. 1. They have four legs. 2. They cannot fly. 3. They live on land. 4. They give birth to young ones.

6. What are the unique qualities in the birds ?


A. 1. Birds have feathers. 2. They have beak. 3. They have two legs. 4. They do not have ears but
have holes in their place.
7. Why is a rainforest so called ?
A. There is lot of rainfall in the rainforest. The place is hot and damp. So many trees grow there. So it
is called rainforest.
8. Name the various people who work to build a house ?
A. Various people who work to build a house are architect, engineer, mason, carpenter, fabricator,
plumber, electrician, tiler, painter and gardener.
9. What is the role of stomata in a leaf?
A. 1. Stomata are the small openings through which air enters and leaves.
2. Water vapour is released through stomata.
10. Does photosynthesis take place twenty-four hours of the day ? Why ?
A. No, because for photosynthesis, sunlight is necessary. Sunlight is available only during daytime.
11. What helps the floating plants to float on water ?
A. Floating plants are spongy and filled with air. This makes the plants to float on water.
12. How do we get coloured, printed cotton cloth ?
A. We get coloured, printed cotton cloth after dying it and then printing is done on dyed cloth.
13. Why should you not listen to music while riding a bicycle ?
A. We should not listen to music while riding a bicycle because we may not able to hear the sound or
horn of moving vehicle .
14. What should you do if somebody gets minor burn on the hand ?
A. Somebody gets minor burn on hand , we should pour cold water on the hand and then apply
medicine .
15 What are nutrients ?
A. The substance which provide nourishment to our body are called nutrients.
16 How do we get fibres from flax plant?
A. The stem of flax plant are allowed to rot and are beaten to separate long fibres.
17 What food does a plant prepare ?
A. Plants prepare food in the form of sugar /starch .
18 What is adaptation ?
A. The natural process by which the plant adjust to their surrounding is called adaptation.
19 What are the advantages of having a thatched roof ?
A. Houses with thatched roof remain cool in summer and warm in winter.
20 Why glass is used as a building material ?
A. Glass is used as a building material because of its ability to let light in while keeping dust and
insects away.
21 What does a plant require to make food?
A. Plants require chlorophyll, sunlight, carbon dioxide, water to make food.
22 What is meant by digestion of food ?
A. The process of breaking down of food into simpler form is called digestion of food .
23 What is the main role of large intestine ?
A. Water from undigested food is absorbed .
EX VIII

ANSWER THE FOLLOWING IN DETAIL

1. What are the uses of plants ?


A. Plants gives us food. It gives us wood for furniture and fuel. It gives us shade, medicine. They
provide fibre for preparing cloth. They help to bring rain and purify air.
2. Write the uses of claws to birds ?
A. All birds do not have same type of claws. They have different types of claws as per their use. 1.
To swim in water 2. To walk, help to grab and hold prey. 3. To hold the branch of a tree, to make
habitation.
3. Write the uses of paws of animals ?
A. 1. Animals that have hoofs can easily walk in marshy as well as rocky land.

2. They have nails in their paws and can easily dig ground and make burrows.
3. Some animals catch food with their front paws and some clean their body with the help of paws.
4. Write the uses of mouth to animals ?
A. 1. They use their mouth for intake of food and teeth for chewing .
2. Some use their teeth for tear the flesh .
3. Some other use their tongue for in take of food .
4. Some animal drink water with the help of lips .
5. Some of them help to carry their young ones with them with the help of teeth .
5. What do animals and birds do to get their food ?
A. Animals and birds go from one place to another in search of food. Wild animals obtain their food
by killing animals.
6. How can birds and animals be conserved ?
A. Birds can be conserved by the following ways : 1. Spread grains on the porches and roof. 2. We
must fill water regularly in birdbaths. 3. We must treat wounded birds with love and affection.
7. What is the function of the veins in a leaf ?
A. The veins supply water brought by the stem and branches to all parts of the leaf. They also take
the food prepared by the leaf to the stem, which supplies food to other parts of the plant.
8. What are the adaptation of the trees in hilly areas ?
A. 1. Trees in hilly areas are tall and straight. 2. The branches often slope downwards for the snow to
fall off. 3. They have needle like leaves with a waxy coating to prevent loss of water and for the rain
and snow to slide off easily. 4 These trees bear cones instead of flowers.
9. Describe the adaptation in a lotus plant ?
A. 1. The roots of the lotus plant fix the plant in the mud. 2. Their stem are hollow and have air
space . 3. The leaves are broad and flat to catch maximum sunlight. 4. The leaves have a waxy
coating to repel water.
10. How is silk cloth made?
A. Silk fibres are made from an insect known as Silk moth. They lay eggs and it hatches into silk
worms. The silk worms spin a silky thread and wrap it around their bodies. It is known as cocoon.
The cocoon are put in hot water and it is unwind to thread and it is woven into silk cloth.
11. What are the difference between synthetic and natural fibres ?
A. 1. Synthetic fibres are stronger and more durable than natural fibres .
2. Synthetic fibres catch fire easily but natural fibres do not catch fire easily .
3. Synthetic fibres dry quickly do not shrink and need very little ironing but natural fibres take
time to dry, shrink and wrinkle easily.
4. Synthetic fibres cause rashes but natural fibres do not react with skin .
12. Name the different types of teeth and their function ?
A: 1 :- Incisors :- It help for cutting the food. 2 :-Canines :- It help to grip and tear the food . 3:Premolar and Molar :- It help to grind and chew the food .
13. What causes tooth decay ?
A: Germs living in the mouth feed on the left over food particles and gives out acid. This acid
damages the enamel, slowly produce a holes called cavity .
14. How should you take care of your teeth ?
A: Brush your teeth correctly and properly . 2. Rinse your mouth after every meal . 3 Do not eat
too much sticky foods , sweets , and soft drink. 4 .Eat food contains calcium and vitamin A, C, and
D .5. Visit the dentist at least once in six month.
15. What happens to the food in stomach ?
A: When the food enters the food enters the alimentary canal ,passes through the food pipe to
stomach . In stomach the food is churned and digestive juices are added ,it turns the food into semi
liquid mixture . The proteins are broken into simpler form .
Ex IX

DRAW AND LABEL :

1. Parts of a leaf.
2. How plants and animals depend on each other for the gases they need.