Excersise 1: Group A: Albert, Malin, Helena, Oscar

Urban Water system in

Västra Hamnen, Malmö

Drinking water

The households in Västra Hamnen, as in all of Malmö, get the drinking water from three reservoirs, the lakes Vomb and Bolmen and the groundwaterstream Alnarpsströmmen. The main part (80%) comes from the lake Vomb, 15-20% from the groundwater aquifer in Grevie and 0-5% from the lake Bolmen in Småland (1). The lake Vomb is situated 40 km northeast of Malmö. The water is pumped from the lake into infiltration dams. After three months when the water has passed through a 20-25 m thick layer of natural sands the water is pumped from wells to the Vomb water treatment plant where it is aerated to separate the iron and manganese from the water. After this step a process to reduce the level of CaCO3 takes place. This process gives the water a value of 6˚dH (avhärdning). Then the suspended solids in the water are reduced with FeCl. Before the water is lead to the Malmö distribution net it is disinfected with chloride (2). The treated water from the lake is then transported to the water control station Bulltofta. Bulltofta also serves as a water treatment plant, treating water from a groundwater reservoir in Grevie east of Malmö. The treatment of this water includes aeration, reduction of CaCO3 and disinfection with chloride (3). The groundwater reservoir in Grevie is continuously refilled from the groundwater stream Alnarpsströmmen that runs from Abbekås in southeast to Barsebäck in northwest (4). When the Grevie water reservoir was detected in 1899, the water was highly artesian and the wells turned into 10-15 m high fountains. As the outtake

increased in the following years the artesian power decreased and since 1914 pumps are needed to carry the water in the 9 km long pipes to Bulltofta (5). Malmö also receives water from the lake Bolmen in Småland. This water is transported in a 80 km long tunnel to Perstorp, and then lead through 25 km long pipes to the treatment plant Ringsjöverket where it is treated and distributed to a big part of western Skåne (6). In Malmö about 5% of the drinking water comes from Bolmen, but during dry periods in the summer a important water source (3). All drinking water in Malmö passes through the Bulltofta control station, from where it is pumped to the distribution net. The drinking water quality is tested 250 times per year at Bulltofta and 550 times outside of the treatment plant, to ensure a good quality. The water quality in Malmö is indeed very good, and won in 2005 a price for best drinking water in Skåne. The motivation from the jury was “A clean water with delightful balance between chalk, iron, softness and roughness. Neutral in a nice Skåne-style” (7). The average citizen in Malmö uses 200 litres in a day, to a cost of 0.40 SEK (8). After passing the Bulltofta control center the drinking water is pressurized by four water towers in Hyllie, Oxie, Botildenborg and Södervärn. The water in the towers has a temperature of 8˚C to keep it fresh (9). The Södervärn water tower is the oldest of the towers in use, built in 1914 in a jugend style. The reservoir volume of the tower is 2300 m3, the height of the building is 54 m and the height of the water level is at most 50 m above sea level Hyllie water tower, built in 1973 has a reservoir volume of 10 200 m3 and the water level reaches 75 m above sea level. It’s a popular symbol of Malmö (10).

Pic

Pic The pressure that the towers give to the water is enough to pump the water about 70 meters above ground level (11). In Västra Hamnen the Turning Torso is 190 meters high, and the water needs to be pumped at this level in the building. Traces of the drinking water pipes in Västra Hamnen can be observed as lids on the ground.

pic x

The pipes leading the drinking water transport to a public toilet can be observed in picture x (jag chansar vilt).

Pic x

And the water eventually reaches the users, see picture x.

Pic x

1. http://www.malmo.se/servicemeny/forvaltningarbolag/vaverket/vattenochavlopp.4.33aee30d1 03b8f15916800018356.html 2. http://www.sydvatten.se/page.php?sid=22 3. http://sydsvenskan.se/malmo/article253706.ece 4. http://www.alnarpsstrommen.nu/ 5. Winnfors Erik, Malmö: den törstande staden, Sverige 2007 6. http://www.sydvatten.se/page.php?sid=10 7. http://www.malmo.se/miljohalsa/avfallvattenavlopp/vattenochavlopp/vartdricksvatten.4.33aee 30d103b8f15916800091163.html 8. http://www.malmo.se/download/18.15092c0105b77714298000111/dricksvattenversion2.pdf

9. http://www.malmo.se/miljohalsa/avfallvattenavlopp/vattenochavlopp/vartdricksvatten/varavat tentorn.4.33aee30d103b8f15916800091320.html 10. http://www.eber.se/torn/skaneland/malmo.htm 11. Viveka Lidström