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Dear Students,
From the academic year 2014-15 there is a slight
change in the syllabus structure and question paper
pattern. This change is due to the philosophy of
Outcome Based Education and requirement as per the
National Board of Accreditation (NBA), Government of
India, New Delhi.
Sixteen countries including New Zealand,
Australia, Singapore, Russia and India are the
signatories of the Washington Accord, which has come
out with the new process of accreditation. This would
enable every institution, including NIE to attain high
standards of technical education in the respective
countries and to create level playing ground. The
outcome based education is one of the important
components of NBA.
NIE is making sincere efforts in meeting the
global standards through new formats of NBA and
timely World Bank-MHRD initiative TEQIP (Technical
Education Quality Improvement Program). Efforts are
being made to revise the syllabi regularly to meet the
challenges of the current technical education.

Dr. B. K. Sridhara
Dean (Academic Affairs)

July 2014


(to be effective from the odd semester of the
academic year 2014-15 for all semester students)
Blue Print of Syllabus Structure
1. Complete syllabus is prescribed in SIX units as Unit
1, Unit 2, etc.
2. In each unit there is one topic under the heading
Self Learning Exercises (SLE). These are the
topics to be learnt by the student on their own under
the guidance of the course instructors. Course
instructors will inform the students about the depth to
which SLE components are to be studied. Thus there
will be six topics in the complete syllabus which will
carry questions with a weightage of 10% in SEE only.
No questions will be asked on SLE components in
Blue Print of Question Paper
1. Question paper will have SEVEN full questions.
2. One full question each of 15 marks (Question No 1, 2,
3, 4, 5 and 6) will be set from each unit of the
syllabus. Out of these six questions, two questions
will have internal choice from the same unit. The unit
from which choices are to be given is left to the
discretion of the course instructor.
3. Question No 7 will be set for 10 marks only on those
topics prescribed as Self Learning Exercises.
Dr. B. K. Sridhara
Dean (Academic Affairs)

July 2014


Sub. Code: EC0413

CIE: 50% Marks

Hrs/week: 4

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hrs: 3

Max Marks: 100

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Explain and compare the various cellular systems.
2. Apply the concept of cell, frequency reuse and handoff in
wireless communication systems.
3. Analyze interference between mobiles and base stations
and its effect on the capacity of cellular systems.
4. Apply various techniques to improve the capacity and
performance of wireless communication systems
Unit 1: Introduction






Evolution of Mobile Radio Communication, Frequencies for radio

transmission, FCC Allocation for Mobile Radio transmission,
Wireless communication standards, 1G,2G,3G and 4G Cellular
6 Hrs
SLE: Beyond 4G
Unit 2: Mobile Communication Concepts:
Introduction, Concept of cellular communications, Cell
Fundamentals, Frequency Reuse concepts, Concept of cell cluster,
Cellular layout for frequency reuse, Geometry of hexagonal cell,
Frequency Reuse Ratio, Co-channel and Adjacent Channel
Interference, Various mechanism for capacity increase, Cell
Splitting, Sectoring, Microcell Zone Concept, Channel Assignment
Strategies, Handoff Strategies.
8 Hrs
SLE: Concepts of femto, pico, micro, macro cells and umbrella cell
Unit 3: Common Cellular System Components:

Common Cellular Network Components, Hardware and Software

Views of the Cellular Network, 3G Cellular Systems Components,
Cellular Component Identification, Call Establishment.
6 Hrs
SLE: Cloud / centralized RAN
Unit 4: GSM and TDMA Technology:
GSM System Overview, GSM Network and System Architecture,
GSM Channel Concept, GSM System Operation, GSM Identities.
7 Hrs
SLE: AT Commands
Unit 5: CDMA Technology:
CDMA Overview, CDMA Network and System Architecture, CDMA
Basics, CDMA Channel Concept, CDMA System Operations.
7 Hrs
Unit 6: Wireless Modulation techniques:
Characteristics of air interface, Path loss models, wireless coding
techniques, Digital modulation techniques, Spread Spectrum
Modulation Techniques.
7 Hrs
SLE: UWB Applications
1. Wireless Cellular Communications, Sanjay Sharma,
KATSON books, 2nd Edition 2007.
2. Introduction
Systems and Networks, Mullet, Cengagen Learning,
Sixth Indian reprint 2010.
1. Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice by
Rappaport Theodore. Pearson Education India, 2009.


Sub. Code: EC0414

CIE: 50% Marks

Hrs/week: 4

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hrs: 3

Max Marks: 100

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will
1. Explain Different Network Architecture and Functionality of
2. Learn the principles different network topologies, their
configuration depending on types of users accessing the
network and Interpret different types of network interfaces.
3. Explain the working of Internet.
4. Learn different protocols used in TCP/IP model and its
Unit 1: Introduction: Network Architecture:
Layering and protocols, OSI Architecture, Internet Architecture,
Performance Parameter: Bandwidth ad Latency, Delay Bandwidth
Products, High Speed Networks
8 Hrs
SLE: Application Performance Needs.
Unit 2: Direct Link Networks:
Physically Connected Hosts (Nodes and Links)Encoding (NRZ,
NRZI, Manchester, 4B/5B, 8B6T, Multiline Transmission, MLT3Framing: Fixed Size and Variable Size Framing, Byte-Oriented
Protocols, Bit-Oriented Protocols (HDLC), Clock-Based Framing
10 Hrs
SLE: Reliable Transmission: Noisy and Noiseless Channels.
Unit 3: Multiple Access and LANs:
Random Access, Controlled Access, Wired LAN, Wireless LAN.
Wired: Ethernet (802.3), Rings (802.5, FDDI, RPR) Wireless:
Bluetooth (802.15.1), Wi-Fi (802.11),
8 Hrs


SLE: WI Max (802.16) and Cell Phone Technologies

Unit 4: Internetworking:
Global addresses: Datagram forwarding in IP, Address Translation
(ARP), Host Configuration (DHCP), IPv4 Addresses and Data
format, IPv6 Addresses and data format
8 Hrs
SLE: Multicast Addresses
Unit 5: End to End Protocols:
Getting Processes to communicate, TCP, UDP
8 Hrs
SLE: Remote Procedure Call (RPC)
Unit 6: Applications, Traditional Applications:
Electronic Mail (SMTP, MIME, IMAP), World Wide Web (HTTP),
Domain Name Serviced (DNS), Network Management (SNMP).
10 Hrs
SLE: Multimedia Applications, NS-2 Lab
1. Computer Networks, Larry L. Peterson and Bruce S.
Devie, Morgan Kaufmann Publications, 4th Edition, 2002.
2. Data Communication and Networking, Behrouz A
Forouzan, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited,
Indian Edition, 2006.
1. Computer Networks, Andrew S Tannenbaum, Prentice
Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 4 Edition.



Sub Code: EC0509

CIE: 50% Marks

Hours / Week: 5

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hours: 3

Max. Marks: 100

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Explain VLSI design flow and transistor level CMOS logic
Design, discuss the physical structure of IC layers to create
2. Discuss the basic structures to create MOSFETs, cell
concepts, physical design of logic gates, design
3. Discuss the Electronic analysis of CMOS logic gates, delay
analysis, analysis of complex logic gates, power
4. Design and Testing of VLSI circuits, CMOS process
enhancements, SOI technology, and analysis of static and
dynamic CMOS logic circuits.
Unit 1: An overview of VLSI:
Complexity and Design, Basic concepts, Logic Design with
MOSFETs: Ideal switches and Boolean operations, MOSFETs and
Switches, Basic Logic gates in CMOS, Complex logic gates in
CMOS, Clocking and Data flow control.
10 Hrs
SLE: Transmission Gate Circuits
Unit 2: Physical Structure of CMOS Integrated Circuits:
Integrated Circuit Layers, MOSFETs, CMOS Layers, Designing
FET Array.
SLE: Silicon on insulator (SOI)
6 Hrs
Unit 3: Elements of Physical Design:
Basic Concepts, Layout of Basic structures, Cell Concepts, FET
Sizing and Unit Transistor, Physical Design of Logic Gates.
8 Hrs


SLE: Design Hierarchies

Unit 4: Electronic Analysis of CMOS Logic Gates:
DC Characteristics of the CMOS Inverter, Inverter Switching
characteristics, Power dissipation, NAND and NOR Transients
Response, Analysis of Complex Logic Gates, Gates Design for
Transient Performance.
10 Hrs
SLE: Pass transistors.
Unit 5: VLSI for Testing:
Testing combinational logic, sequential logic, scan testing,
boundary scan.
CMOS Process Enhancements: Multiple threshold voltages and
oxide thickness, implication for circuit styles, High-K- Gate
dielectrics, silicon on Ge bipolar transistor structure.
8 Hrs
SLE: Built-in-self-test (only hardware testing).
Unit 6: Advanced Techniques in CMOS Logic Circuits:
Mirrors Circuits, Pseudo-nMOS, Tri-State Circuits, Clocked CMOS,
Dynamic CMOS Logic Circuits.
10 Hrs
SLE: Dual rail logic networks.
1. Introduction to VLSI Circuits and Systems, John P.
Uyemura, John Wiley.2010.
2. CMOS VLSI DESIGN, Neil H.E.Weste, David Harris,
Pearson Education 2012.
1. CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits- Analysis and
Design, Sung-Mo Kang and Yusuf Leblebici, TMH, 2005.
2. Digital systems design using VHDL Charles H Roth,
Thomson learning 2006.



1. Inverter using FETs.
2. Two input NAND, NOR, XOR gates.
3. Realization of Boolean expressions.
4. Combinational Circuit Design of Adders, MUX and its
5. Sequential Circuit Design of flip-flops, counters and Shift
6. Differential Amplifier.
7. Schmitt trigger.
8. Common Source and Common Drain Amplifier.
9. Op-amp.
Note: Effect of changes in process technology parameters
such as from 1.2 microns to 35nano microns and step-wise
fabrication processes (2D/3D view) for the above experiments
to be studied.
1. Introduction to VLSI Circuits and System, John P
Uymeura, Wiley Publications, 2 Edition, 2001
2. Basics Of CMOS Cell Design: Deep-Submicron CMOS
Circuit Design, Etienne Sicard, Sonia Delmas Bendhia,
Tata Mcgraw H;ill, 2 Edition 2005



Sub. Code: EC0431

CIE: 50% Marks

Hrs/week: 4

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hrs: 3

Max Marks: 100

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Identify the basic elements of optical fiber transmission
link, fiber modes configurations and structures.
2. Analyze the different kind of losses, signal distortion in
optical wave guides and their signal degradation factors
and the various optical source materials, LED structures,
Laser diodes.
3. Apply the fiber optical receivers concepts
communication ,basics of optical amplifiers,
operation and configuration.
4. Analyze the fiber optical network components, variety of
networking aspects, SONET/SDH and operational
principles WDM.
Unit 1: Overview of optical fiber communication:
Basic optical laws and definitions, optical fiber modes and
configuration, Mode theory of circular wave guides: Overview,
summery of key modal concepts, single mode fibers, graded index
fibers, fiber materials.
8 Hrs

Fiber fabrication.

Unit 2: Signal Degradation in Optical Fibers:

Design, Optimization of a single mode fiber, Attenuation, signal
distortion in optical wave guides.
9 Hrs

Characteristics of single mode fibres.


Unit 3: Optical Sources and Detectors:

Introduction, LEDs, LASER diodes: LASER diodes Modes and
threshold conditions, LASER diodes structures and radiation patter,
single mode Lasers, Principles of Photo diodes.
8 Hrs
SLE: Photo detector noise, avalanche multiplication noise.
Unit 4: Optical Receiver and Digital Transmission System:
Fundamental receiver operation: Digital signal transmission, error
sources, receiver configurations. Point to Point links: System
considerations, link power budget, rise time budget.
9 Hrs
SLE: Burst mode receivers.
Unit 5: Analog Systems and Optical Amplifiers:
Overview of analog links, basic applications and types of optical
amplifiers, semiconductor optical amplifiers, Erbium doped fiber
10 Hrs

Wide band Optical Amplifiers.

Unit 6: Optical Networks:

SONET / SDH, Broadcast and seclect WDM networks, wave length
routed networks, nonlinear effects on network performance.
8 Hrs

High speed Light wave Links.

1. Optical Fiber Communication, Gerd Keiser, MGH, 3th
Ed., 2008.
1. Optical Fiber Communications, John M. Senior,
Pearson Education. 3rd Impression, 2007



Sub. Code: EC0306

CIE: 50% Marks

Hrs/week: 3

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hrs: 3

Max Marks: 100

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Explain the fundamentals of orbital mechanism, the
characteristics of common orbits and launch methods and
technologies in satellite systems.
2. Describe the working of communications satellite and
limitations encountered in the design of a communications
satellite system and accurate link budget for a satellite
3. Evaluate the performance of
the radio propagation
channel for Earth station to satellite and satellite to satellite
4. Design antenna systems to accommodate the needs of a
particular satellite system and use of analog and digital
technologies for satellite communications networks.
Unit1: Overview of Satellite Systems:
Introduction, Frequency Allocation, INTE Satellites.
3 Hrs
SLE: Polar Orbiting Satellites.
Unit2: Orbital Mechanics:
Introduction, Keplar laws, definitions, orbital element, apogee and
perigee heights, orbit perturbations, inclined orbits, calendars,
universal time, sidereal time, orbital plane, local mean time and sun
syndronous orbits, Geostationary orbit: Introduction, antenna, look
angles, polar mix antenna, limits of visibility earth eclipse of
satellite, sun transit outage, launching orbits.
8 Hrs
SLE: launching vehicals.


Unit 3: Space Link Satellite Subsystems:

Introduction, EIRP, transmission losses, link power budget, system
noise, CNR, uplink, downlink, effects of rain. Satellite subsystems,
attitude and orbit control systems (AOCS), telemetry, tracking,
command and alonitoring, power systems, communication
subsystems, satellite antennas.
8 Hrs
SLE: Combined






Unit 4: Satellite Link Design:

Basic transmission theory, System Noise temperature and G/T
ratio, design of downlinks, satellite systems, using small earth
stations, uplink design, design for specified C/N; combining C/N
and C/I values in satellite links, system design examples,
8 Hrs
SLE: Implementation of error detection on satellite links.
Unit 5: Low Earth Orbit and Non-Geostationary Satellite
Introduction, orbit consideration, delay and through put
considerations, operational NGSO constellation design
6 Hrs
SLE: coverage and frequency considerations.
Unit 6: Satellite Specialized Services:
Introduction, orbital spacing, power ratio, frequency and
polarization, transponder capacity, bit rates for digital TV, satellite
mobile services, USAT, Radar Sat, GPS, orb communication.
7 Hrs
SLE: Iridium.
1. Satellite Communications, Dennis Roddy, 4th Edition,


2. Satellite Communications, Timothy Pratt, Charles

Bostain and Jeremy Allnet, JW & Sons, 2nd Edition
1. Space Missing Analysis and Design (SMAD), Wertz
and Larson, Microcosm Pren, 3rd Edition, 1999



Sub. Code: EC0307

CIE: 50% Marks

Hrs/week: 3

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hrs: 3

Max Marks: 100

Pre-requisite: Digital Signal Processing (EC0407)

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Understand basic principles of digital images, image data
structures, and image processing techniques.
2. Explain hardware and software components of image
processing system.
3. Understand image processing filtering techniques in both
the spatial and frequency (Fourier) domains
4. Understand the processes involved in enhancement and
restoration techniques.
Unit 1: Introduction to Image Processing System:
Introduction, Image, Sampling, Quantization,
Classification of Digital Image, Image types, Elements of an image
processing system, Applications of Digital Image Processing.
6 Hrs

Image file formats.

Unit 2: 2D Signals and Systems:

Introduction, 2D signals, Separable sequence, periodic sequence,
2D systems, classification of 2D systems, 2D construction, 2D
6 Hrs
SLE: 2D Digital filter

Unit 3: Image Transforms:

Introduction, Need for transform, Image transforms, Fourier
Transform, 2D DFT, properties of 2D-DFT, Walsh Transform,


Hadamnd transform, Hoar Transform, Slant Transform, DCT, K-L

transform, Comparison of Different image Transform.
6 Hrs
SLE: MATLAB simulation of transform domain methods.
Unit 4: Image Enhancement:
Introduction, Image Enhancement in spatrate Domain,
Enhancement through point operation, Types of point operation.
Histogram Manipulation, Linear gray-level transformation, Local or
Neighborhood operation, Median filter, Spatial domain high-pass
filtering or image sharpening. Bit-place sliching, image
enhancement in the frequency domain, homomorphic filter,
Zooming operation, Image arthmetric.
10 Hrs

MATLAB simulation of Enhancement techniques.

Unit 5: Image Restoration

Introduction, Image Degradation, Types of image Blur,
Classification of image restoration techniques, image-restoration
model, linear image restoration techniques, non-linear imagerestoration techniques. Blind Deconvolution, classification of Blinddeconvotion techniques
6 Hrs
SLE: Image restoration in satellite images
Unit6: Image Denoising
Image Denoising, classification of noise in image, median filtering,
Trained Average filter, Performance Metrics in Image restoration,
Applications of Digital Image Restoration
6 Hrs

Image denoising in medical images.

1. Digital Image Processing, S. Jayaraman, S.
Esakkirajan, T. Veerakumara, Tata McGraw Hill Education
Pvt. Ltd., 2009


1. Image Processing, Gonzalez, Gatesmark Publishing,
2 Edition, 2009
2. Digital Image Processing, Anil K Jain, Prentice Hall,



Sub. Code: EC0308

CIE: 50% Marks

Hrs/week: 3

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hrs: 3

Max Marks: 100

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Explain and apply the semiconductor concepts of drift,
diffusion, donors and acceptors, majority and minority
carriers, excess carriers, low level injection, minority carrier
2. Explain how devices and integrated circuits are fabricated
microelectronics industry.
3. Explain the underlying physics and principles of operation
of p-n junction diodes, and MOS field effect transistors
4. Describe and apply simple large signal circuit models for
metaloxide-semiconductor (MOS) capacitors devices which
include charge storage elements and analyze the
secondary effects of MOSFET.
Unit 1: Fundamentals of Semiconductors:
Effective mass, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, mobility, drift
current and conductivity, diffusion process
8 Hrs
SLE: Diffusion current.
Unit 2: Fabrication Technology:
Introduction, Czochralski growing process, fabrication process.
6 Hrs
SLE: Photolithography and ion implantation


Unit 3: PN Junction Diode:

Introduction, space-charge region, analytical
equilibrium, diode conditions with voltage applied.



6 Hrs
SLE: Derivation of diode current equation.
Unit 4: Metal Semiconductor Junctions:
Energy band diagrams of metal and N-Semiconductor, Schottky
barrier diode, VI characteristics of N-Semiconductor Schottky
6 Hrs
SLE: Tunnel Diode
Unit 5: Metal-oxide-Semiconductor systems:
Introduction, Energy band diagrams, Band bending and effect of
bias voltages, analytical relations for charge densities, threshold
voltage, and oxide charges in MOS capacitors.
8 Hrs
SLE: Sub Threshold voltage.
Unit 6: Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors:
Construction and basic operation, region of operation, currentvoltage analytical relations, secondary effects.
6 Hrs
SLE: Usage of Simulation tools.
1. Semi conductor devices by Kanaan Kano Pearson

1. Solid State Electronic devices 5 edition Ben G

Streetman, Sanjay Banerjee Pearson Education.



Sub. Code: EC0309

CIE: 50% Marks

Hrs/week: 3

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hrs: 3

Max Marks: 100

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Apply fundamental principles, methodologies and
techniques of the course to analyze and design various
problems encountered in both academic research and
industry R&D practice.
2. Apply methods for reconstruction and interpolation of
incomplete and corrupted real world signals, based on
signal modeling and advanced filtering techniques.
3. Apply methods for prediction of real world signals, based
on signal modeling and advanced filtering techniques, such
as Linear Predictive Filters and Optimal Linear Filters.
4. Implement and compare parametric/non-parametric
methods for power spectral estimations.
Unit 1: Parametric Methods for Power Spectrum Estimation:
Relationship between the auto correlation and
parameters ,The Yule Walker method for the
Parameters , The Burg Method for the AR Model
unconstrained least-squares method for the AR Model
sequential estimation

the model
AR Model
7 Hrs

SLE: Methods for the AR Model parameters selection of AR

Model order.
Unit 2: Adaptive Signal Processing:
FIR adaptive filters, steepest descent adaptive filter LMS algorithm,
convergence of LMS algorithms, Application: noise cancellation,
channel equalization
7 Hrs


SLE: Adaptive recursive filters recursive least squares.

Unit 3: Multirate Signal Processing:
Decimation by a factor D Interpolation by a factor I Filter Design
and implementation for sampling rate conversion: Direct form FIR
filter structures
7 Hrs
SLE: Polyphase filter structure.
Unit 4: Speech Signal Processing:
Digital models for speech signal: Mechanism of speech production
model for vocal tract, radiation and excitation complete model
time domain processing of speech signal
6 Hrs
SLE: Pitch period estimation using autocorrelation function
Unit 5: Linear predictive Coding
Linear predictive Coding: Basic Principles, autocorrelation method
3 Hrs
SLE: Durbin recursive solution.
Unit 6: Wavelet Transforms:
Fourier Transform : Its power and Limitations, Short Time Fourier
Transform,The Gabor Transform - Discrete Time Fourier Transform
and filter banks ,Continuous Wavelet Transform Wavelet Transform
Ideal Case ,Perfect Reconstruction Filter Banks and wavelets,
Recursive multi-resolution decomposition.
10 Hrs
SLE: Haar Wavelet, Daubechies Wavelet.
1. Digital Signal Processing - Principles, Algorithms and
Applications, John G.Proakis, Dimitris G. Manolakis,
PHI, Third edition, (2000).
2. Statistical Digital Signal Processing and Modeling,
Monson H. Hayes, Wiley, 2002.


1. Digital Processing of Speech Signals, L.R. Rabiner
and R.W. Schaber, Pearson Education (1979).
2. Modern Digital Signal Processing, Roberto Crist,
Thomson Brooks/Cole (2004)
3. Wavelet Transforms, Introduction to Theory and
applications, Raghuveer. M. Rao, Ajit S.Bopardikar,
Pearson Education, Asia, 2000.



Sub. Code: EC0416

CIE: 50% Marks

Hrs/week: 4

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hrs: 3

Max Marks: 100

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course students will be able to,
1. Differentiate the theories such as
administrative approach to management.



2. Explain the concepts such as planning, organizing, staffing,

directing and controlling.
3. Instill the entrepreneur thinking, prepare a plan and project
4. Undertake feasible study such as market, finance.
Unit1: Management:
Introduction - Meaning - nature and characteristics of Management,
Scope and functional areas of Management - Management as a
Science, Art or Profession Management & Administration - Roles of
Management, Levels of Management -Modern Management
8 Hrs
SLE: Case study on Planning.
Unit2: Planning and Organizing:
Nature, importance and purpose of planning process - Objectives Types of plans (Meaning only) - Decision making - Importance of
planning - steps in planning & planning premises - Hierarchy of
plans. Nature and purpose of organization - Principles of
organization - Types of organization
8 Hrs
SLE: Departmentation
Unit3: Staffing, Directing& Controlling:
Nature and importance of Staffing - Process of Selection &
Recruitment (in brief) - Leadership styles, Communication -


Meaning and importance Coordination, meaning and importance

and Techniques of Co - ordination. Meaning and steps in
controlling - Essentials of a sound control system
9 Hrs
SLE: Motivation Theories
Unit4: Entrepreneur:
Meaning of Entrepreneur; Evolution of the Concept, Functions of
an Entrepreneur, Types of Entrepreneur, Entrepreneur - an
emerging Class. Concept of Entrepreneurship - Evolution of
Entrepreneurship, Development of Entrepreneurship; Stages in
entrepreneurial process; Role of entrepreneurs in Economic
Development; Entrepreneurship in India; Entrepreneurship its
9 Hrs
SLE: Women entrepreneurship
Unit5: Small Scale Industry:
Definition; Characteristics; Need and rationale: Objectives; Scope;
role of SSI in Economic Development. Advantages of SSI Steps to
start an SSI - Government policy towards SSI; Different Policies of
S.S.I.; Government Support for S.S.I. during 5 year plans, Impact
of Liberalization, Privatization, Globalization on S.S.I., Effect of
WTO/GATT Supporting Agencies of Government for S.S.I
Meaning; Nature of Support; Objectives; Functions.
10 Hrs
SLE: Institutional support
Unit6: Preparation of Project:
Meaning of Project; Project Identification; Project Selection; Project
Report; Need and Significance of Report; Contents; formulation;
Guidelines by Planning Commission for Project report; Network
Analysis; Errors of Project Report; Project Appraisal. Identification
of Business Opportunities
8 Hrs
SLE: Feasibility study.


1. Principles of Management, P. C. Tripathi, P. N. Reddy;
Tata McGraw Hill.
2. Dynamics of Entrepreneurial Development &
Management, Vasant Desai, Himalaya Publishing
3. Entrepreneurship
Enterprises, Poornima M Charantimath, Pearson
Education 2006.
1. Management Fundamentals Concepts, Application,
Skill Development, Robert Lusier, Thomson.
2. Entrepreneurship Development, S S Khanka, S Chand
& Co.
3. Management, Stephen Robbins, Pearson Education,
PHI -17th Edition, 2003.



Sub. Code: EC0417

CIE: 50% Marks

Hrs/week: 4

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hrs: 3

Max Marks: 100

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Describe characteristics of Embedded systems and
Common peripherals of an embedded target board
2. Describe Booting sequence, memory layout , Boot loader
installation and application development
3. Compile and configure Linux kernel and Root file system
4. Use Make, describe different methods of debugging and
Real time concepts
Unit1:Embedded systems and Embedded Linux System:
Introduction. Embedded Linux Development. Target Hardware.
Booting Linux. Development Environment. System Design. Boot
Loader, Kernel, Root File System, Application, Cross-Compiler.
4 Hrs
SLE: Basics of Linux OS and commands
Unit2: Configuring the Software Environment:
Target Emulation Virtual Machines Host Environment .Linux. Host
Services TFTP DHCP.NFS PXE. Cabling: Serial (for Console),
Network. Why Target Emulation? Emulation via QEMU Compiling
QEMU. Using QEMU to Emulate a Target Using QEMU to Compile
under Emulation
7 Hrs
SLE: Windows host environment
Unit3: Configuring the Target Board:
Booting the board, Assessing the Kernel, Understanding the RFS.
Cross-Compiler The Boot Loader, Kernel-Land vs. User land, Boot
Loaders, Flash Memory. Kernel Startup, The Kernel Entry Point,


User land Startup, Busy BoxInit

Performance and Profiling Tools.


8 Hrs

SLE: Non-Traditional Embedded Languages: Python, TCL

Unit4: Application Development:
Coding for Portability, System Differences, Tools required. Using
Make, .Running the code on target. Getting Started on Application,
.Types of Debugging: Remote Debugging Overview, Debugging C,
Compiling for Debugging
7 Hrs
SLE: Using GDB for debugging
Unit5: Kernel Configuration and Development:
Kernel Project Layout, .Building the Kernel, How Kernel
Configuration Works, Default Configurations, Editing .config By
Hand.Building the Kernel, .Building Modules. Cleaning Up.
Configuring the Boot Loader and Kernel, U-Boot, Other Boot
loaders, Execution in Place, Selecting a Root File System, .BlockBased File Systems., RAM BufferBased File Systems,
Assembling a Root File System. Creating the Staging Area,
Creating a Directory Skeleton, Libraries and Required Files.
Creating Initialization Scripts, Setting Ownership and Permissions.
7 Hrs
SLE: MTD File Systems
Unit6: Real Time Concepts and System Tuning:
Real-Time Core Concepts. The Linux Scheduler Real-Time
Scheduler .Real-Time Implementation in Linux, Real-Time
Programming Practices. The One Real-Time Process, Lock
Memory, Avoiding the Heap, Asking for Priority Inheritance
Mutexes I/O Is Nondeterministic. Using Thread Pools.Three or
Fewer Megabytes, 1632 Megabytes, More than a Gigabyte.
Reducing the Size of the Root File System, Compiling to Save
Space, Reducing the Size of the Kernel, Removing Unneeded
Features and Drivers, Minimizing Boot Time
8 Hrs


SLE: Reducing Kernel Boot-Up Time, Reducing Root File System

Startup Times
1. Professional Linux Embedded Systems, Gene Sally,
Academic Press 2010.




Sub. Code: EC0422

CIE: 50% Marks

Hrs/week: 4

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hrs: 3

Max Marks: 100

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Recognize advanced issues in VLSI systems, specific to
the deep-submicron silicon technologies and classify the
mechanisms of power dissipation in CMOS integrated
2. Model power dissipation and use optimization methods on
various levels, technology level, circuit level and system
3. Analyze the effect of low voltage CMOS circuits for power
optimization, design style, leakage current in deep
submicron transistors, long channel and short channel
effects, multiple threshold voltages.
4. Discuss the effect of low energy computing for low power,
energy recovery in adiabatic circuits and reversible logic
circuits, Design of peripheral circuits for power optimization
and software design for low power estimation and
Unit 1: Introduction:
Sources of power dissipation, designing for low power. Physics of
power dissipation in MOSFET devices MIS Structure, Long
channel and sub-micron MOSFET.
7 Hrs
SLE: Gate induced Drain leakage.


Unit 2: Power dissipation in CMOS:

Short circuit dissipation, dynamic dissipation, Load capacitance.
Low power design limits, Hierarchy of limits, fundamental limits,
Material, device, circuit and system limits.
7 Hrs
SLE: Principles of low power design.
Unit 3: Synthesis for Low power:
Behavioral, Logic and Circuit level approaches, Algorithm level
transforms, Power-constrained Least squares optimization for
adaptive and non-adaptive filters, Circuit activity driven
architectural transformations, voltage scaling, operation reduction
and substitution, pre- computation, FSM and Combinational logic.
12 Hrs
SLE: Transistor sizing
Unit 4: Design and Test of Low-Voltage CMOS Circuits:
Introduction, Design style, Leakage current in Deep sub-micron
transistors, device design issues, minimizing short channel effect,
Low voltage design techniques using reverse Vgs, steep sub
threshold swing and multiple threshold voltages, testing with
elevated intrinsic leakage, multiple supply voltages.
10 Hrs
SLE: Monte-Carlo simulation.
Unit 5: Low energy computing:
Energy dissipation in transistor channel, Energy recovery circuit
design, designs with reversible and partially reversible logic, SRAM
core, Design of peripheral circuits address decoder, level shifter
and I/O Buffer, supply clock generation.
8 Hrs
SLE: Energy recovery in adiabatic logic.
Unit 6: Software design for low power:
Introduction, sources of power dissipation, power estimation and
8 Hrs
SLE: Simulation module.


1. Low-Power CMOS VLSI Circuit Design, Kaushik Roy
and Sharat C Prasad, Wiley Inter science, 2000.
1. CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits, Sung Mo Kang,
Yusuf Leblebici, , Tata Mcgrag Hill.



Sub. Code: EC0426

CIE: 50% Marks

Hrs/week: 4

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hrs: 3 Hrs

Max Marks: 100

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Understand the techniques that are used to transmit
multimedia data.
2. Have knowledge of the application of multimedia.
3. Understanding the coding techniques involved in
transmitting multimedia data.
4. Understand real-time applications in multimedia.
Unit1: Multimedia communications:
Introduction, multimedia information representation, multimedia
networks, multimedia applications, media types, communication
modes, network types, multipoint conferencing, network QoS.
8 Hrs
SLE: Application QoS and transmission media.
Unit2: Multimedia information representation:
Introduction, digital principles, text, images, audio, video.
8 Hrs
SLE: PC video, video content.
Unit3: Text and image compression:
Introduction, compression principles, text compression, image
9 Hrs
SLE: Digitized documents.


Unit4: Audio compression:

Introduction, Predictive DPCM, ADPCM, APC, LPC, Code exited
LPC, perceptual coding, Dolby audio coders and MPEG audio
9 Hrs
SLE: Dolby AC-2, Dolby AC-S.
Unit5: Video compression:
Video compression principles, H.261, H.263, MPEG, MPEG-1, and
9 Hrs
Unit6: Standards for Multimedia Communications:
Standards relating to interpersonal communication, interactive
applications over internet and.
9 Hrs

Standard for entertainment applications

1. Multimedia Communications: Applications, Networks,
Protocols and Standards, Fred Halsall, Pearson
Education, Asia, Second Indian reprint 2002.
1. Multimedia Information Networking, Nalin K. Sharda,
PHI, 2003.
2. Multimedia Fundamentals: Vol 1 - Media Coding and
Content Processing, Ralf Steinmetz, Klara Narstedt,
Pearson Education, 2004.
3. Multimedia Systems Design, Prabhat K. Andleigh,
Kiran Thakrar, PHI, 2004.



Sub. Code: EC0427

CIE: 50% Marks

Hrs/week: 4

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hrs: 3

Max Marks: 100

Pre-requisite: Digital Signal Processing (EC0407)

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Analyze, Manipulate, visualize speech signals. Perform
various decompositions, codifications, and modifications of
speech signal.
2. Explain the main principles of common audio signal
processing operations viz. equalization, dynamic control,
perceptual audio coding.
3. Qualitatively describe the mechanisms of human speech
production and how the articulation mode of different
classes of speech sounds determines their acoustic
4. Solve given problems regarding parameter estimation in
source-filter production models and regarding speech
analysis and synthesis using these models. Describe
simple pattern-recognition applications of speech
processing, such as speaker and speech recognition.
Unit1: Introduction:
Process of speech production, Acoustic theory of speech
production, Lossless tube models, and Digital models for speech
Time Domain Models for Speech Processing: Time dependent
processing of speech, Short time energy and average magnitude,
Speech vs silence discrimination using energy & zero crossings,
Pitch period estimation, Median smoothing
9 Hrs
SLE: Pitch period estimation using autocorrelation function


Unit2: Digital Representations of the Speech Waveform:

Sampling speech signals, Instantaneous quantization, Adaptive
Comparison of systems, direct digital code conversion.
8 Hrs
SLE: Delta Modulation.
Unit3: Short Time Fourier Analysis:
Linear Filtering interpretation, Filter bank summation method,
Overlap addition method, Design of digital filter banks,
Implementation using FFT, Spectrographic displays, Pitch
detection, Analysis synthesis systems.
8 Hrs
SLE: Analysis by synthesis.
Unit4: Linear Predictive Coding of Speech:
Basic principles of linear predictive analysis, Solution of LPC
interpretation, Relation between the various speech parameters,
Synthesis of speech from linear predictive parameters.
9 Hrs
SLE: Applications.
Unit5: Speech Enhancement:
Spectral subtraction & filtering, Harmonic filtering, parametric resynthesis, Adaptive noise cancellation.
Speech Synthesis: Principles of speech synthesis, Synthesizer
methods, Synthesis of intonation, Speech synthesis for different
speakers, Speech synthesis in other languages, Evaluation.
10 Hrs
SLE: Practical speech synthesis.
Unit6:Automatic Speech Recognition:
Introduction, Speech recognition vs. Speaker recognition, Signal
processing and analysis methods, Hidden Markov Models, Artificial
Neural Networks.
8 Hrs


SLE: Pattern comparison techniques.

1. Digital Processing of Speech Signals", L. R. Rabiner
and R. W. Schafer, Pearson Education (Asia) Pte. Ltd.,
2. Speech Communications: Human and Machine, D.
OShaughnessy, Universities Press, 2001
1. Fundamentals of Speech Recognition, L. R. Rabiner
and B. Juang, Pearson Education (Asia) Pte.Ltd., 2004.



Sub. Code: EC0428

CIE: 50% Marks

Hrs/week: 4

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hrs: 3

Max Marks: 100

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Articulate and critically assess the complexities involved in
designing and building systems and applications in a
mobile and ubiquitous computing context, apply the
techniques within the software development process,
taking account of the factors which influence human
performance, and the major concepts relevant to human
error, and critique the interface of interactive systems with
reference to a task model and its associated scenarios
2. Evaluate different approaches to modeling information and
knowledge, utilizing such information to produce rich
semantic models and ontologies, and exploiting querying
approaches to facilitate distributed information retrieval and
3. Apply current software development methodologies,
working effectively as an individual or within a team, in the
production of a substantial piece of ubiquitous computing
software in consultation with a client
4. Synthesize emergent concepts and technology innovations
in defining a mobile, autonomous and ubiquitous
computing innovation agenda; design, manage and realize
a novel technical service and/or product; assess
commercialization strategies within the domain.
Unit1: Wireless Communication Fundamentals:
Introduction, Wireless transmission, Frequencies for radio
transmission, Signals, Antennas, Signal Propagation, Multiplexing,
Modulations, Spread spectrum, MAC, SDMA, FDMA, TDMA,
9 Hrs



Cellular Wireless Networks.

Unit2: Telecommunication Networks:

Telecommunication systems, GSM, GPRS, DECT, Satellite
Networks, Basics Parameters and Configurations, Capacity
Allocation, Broadcast Systems, DAB, DVB.
11 Hrs
Unit3: Wireless LAN:
Wireless LAN, IEEE 802.11, Architecture services, MAC Physical
layer IEEE 802.11a HIPER-LAN Bluetooth.
9 Hrs

Wireless WAN.

Unit4: Mobile Network Layer:

Mobile IP, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, Routing, DSDV,
DSR, Alternative Metrics.
8 Hrs

Other routing techniques.

Unit5:Transport and Application Layers:

Traditional TCP, Classical TCP improvements, WAP, Introduction
to 4G mobile networks.
8 Hrs

Case study on Mobile multimedia networks.

Unit6: Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANETs):

Overview, Properties of a MANET, spectrum
applications, routing and various routing algorithms.


7 Hrs

SLE: Security in MANETs


1. Mobile Communications, Jochen Schiller, PHI/Pearson
Education, Second Edition, 2003.
2. Wireless Communications and Networks, William
Stallings, PHI/Pearson Education, 2002.
1. Principles of Wireless Networks, Kaveh Pahlavan,
Prasanth Krishnamoorthy, PHI/Pearson Education, 2003.
2. Principles of Mobile Computing,Uwe Hansmann,
Lothar Merk, Martin S. Nicklons and Thomas Stober,
Springer, New York, 2003.
3. Mobile
Wesolowshi, John Wiley and Sons Ltd, 2002.




Sub. Code: EC0423

CIE: 50% Marks

Hrs/week: 4

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hrs: 3 Hrs

Max Marks: 100

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Apply AHDL models for analogue circuitry.
2. Design and model analogue circuitry using combinations of
AHDLs and circuitry.
3. Critically analyze the constraints in real circuits in terms of
conflicting design requirements (for example, low noise yet
low power).
4. Gain an understanding of the AHDL language, its strengths
and its current weakness.
Signal flow modelling in VHDL, Nature, Terminal, Quantity
Definition of a nature Terminal nodes; Free quantities; across and
through quantities; Electrical package
7 Hrs
SLE: VHDL syntax and semantics
Simultaneous statements Simultaneous statements; Implicit
quantities; Solvability; Simultaneous if and case statements;
Examples: resistor, capacitor, diode, Netlists Terminal and quantity
ports; Component instantiation.
6 Hrs
SLE: Signal flow modeling
Procedural statements Sequential programming constructs;
Equivalent simultaneous statements; Equivalent functions;
Examples: MOSFET
6 Hrs


SLE: Modeling OPAMPS

Mixed-Signal simulation cycle; Initialization; Break statements;
Time step control; Frequency and Noise domain modeling MixedSignal modeling mixing concurrent and simultaneous constructs;
7 Hrs
SLE: Events and their significance.
Mixed Signal Focus Command and Control system design.
Digitise/Encode Block.. Decode /Pulse-width-Block.
Pulsewidth/Analog converter Block, Frequency and Transfer function
Modeling. Frequency Based Modeling. Noise-Modeling.
7 Hrs
SLE: Laplace Transfer Functions and Discrete Transfer functions.
Case Study: DC-DC Power Converter Modeling with VHDL-AMS.
Capacitor Model. Ideal Switch model. Voltage Mode control.
Averaged Model. Compensation design. Load and Line
Regulation.Case Study: Communication Systems Frequency shift
Keying. FSK Detection.
7 Hrs
SLE: Non-Coherent and coherent PLL Detection.
Note: Relevant Laboratory exercises using a simulator illustrating
the theoretical Aspects is also part of the course.
1. System Designers Guide to VHDL-AMS, Peter
Ashenden, Gregory Peterson, Darrel, Morgan Kaufmann
Publishers 2005.



Sub. Code: EC0424

CIE: 50% Marks

Hrs/week: 4

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hrs: 3

Max Marks: 100

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Explain the objectives of information security, its
importance and application such as Confidentiality,
Integrity, and Availability and also to understand the
fundamental idea of Symmetric Ciphers Cryptography.
2. Describe efficient basic number-theoretic algorithms,
multiplicative inverse mod n and raising to powers mod n
and understand the fundamental idea of Public-key
3. Discuss the Key Management techniques, protocols
related to Authentication, Web security concepts.
4. Understand Intrusions and intrusion detection and Firewall
Services, mechanisms and attacks, The OSI security architecture,
A model for network security. Symmetric Ciphers: Symmetric
Cipher Model, Substitution Techniques, Transposition Techniques.
9 Hrs
SLE: Steganography and Matlab program on Multiplicative inverse
of Modulus.
Simplified DES, Data encryption standard (DES), The strength of
DES, Differential and Linear Cryptanalysis, Block Cipher Design
Principles and Modes of Operation, Evaluation Criteria for
Advanced Encryption Standard, The AES Cipher.
9 Hrs


SLE: Block Cipher Principles and Finite fields.

Principles of Public-Key Cryptasystems, The RSA algorithm, Key
Management, Diffie - Hellman Key Exchange, Authentication
9 Hrs
SLE: Hash Functions and Secure Hash Algorithm
Digital signatures, Digital Signature Standard. Web-Security
Consideration, Security socket layer (SSL) and Transport layer
security, Secure Electronic Transaction.
10 Hrs

SLE: Authentication Protocols and Matlab Program on a modulus

Intruders, Intrusion Detection, Password Management. Malicious
software: Viruses and Related Threats
8 Hrs
SLE: Virus Countermeasures.
Firewalls Design Principles and Trusted Systems.
7 Hrs
SLE: Trojan horse denfense.
1. Cryptography and Network Security, William Stalling,
Pearson Education, 2003.
Reference Books:
1. Cryptography and Network Security, Behrouz A.
Forouzan, TMH, 2007.
2. Cryptography and Network Security, Atul Kahate,
TMH, 2003.



Sub. Code: EC0429

CIE: 50% Marks

Hrs/week: 4

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hrs: 3

Max Marks: 100

Pre-requisite: 1. Wireless Communication (EC0413)

2. Communication Networks (EC0414)
Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Explain the fundamentals of wireless networking
2. Describe and analyze various Wireless Networks like LAN,
WAN, PAN and MAN& their performance analysis.
3. Describe and compare Broad Band Satellite and
Microwave Systems.
4. Explain air interface technologies and emerging wireless
Unit1: Cellular Wireless Data Networks 2.5 and 3G Systems:
Introduction to wireless Networks, CDPD, GPRS, and EDGE Date
Networks, CDMA Date Networks, Evolution of GSM and NA-TDMA
to 3G, Evolution of CDMA to 3G, SMS, EMS, MMS and MIM
9 Hrs
SLE: Long Term Evolution (LTE) telecommunication technology.
Unit2: Wireless LANs /IEEE 802.11x:
Introduction, Evolution of Wireless LANs, IEEE 802.11 Design
Issue, Services, Layer 2, MAC Layer Operations, Layer 1, Higher
Rate Standards, Wireless LAN Security, Competing Wireless
Technologies, Typical WLAN Hardware
9 Hrs
SLE: WAVE (Vehicular Environments)


Unit3: Wireless PANs/IEEE 802.15x:

Introduction, Wireless PAN Applications and Architecture, IEEE
802.15.1 Physical Layer Details, Bluetooth Link Controller Basics
and Operational States, IEEE 802.15.1 Protocols and Host Control
Interface, Evolution of IEEE 802.15 Standards.
8 Hrs
SLE: Zigbee
Unit4: Broadband Wireless MANs/IEEE 802.16x:
Introduction to WMAN/IEEE 802.16x Technologies, IEEE 802.16
Wireless MANs, MAC Layer Details, Physical Layer Details,
Physical Layer Details for 2-11 GHz, Common System Operations.
9 Hrs
Unit5: Broad Band Satellite and Microwave Systems:
Introduction, Line-of Sight Propogation, Fundamentals of Satellite
Systems, Broadband Satellite Networks, Broadband Microwave
and Millimeter Wave Systems.
9 Hrs
SLE: Stratellites
Unit6: Emerging Wireless Technology:
Introduction, New and Emerging Air Interface Technologies, New
Broadband Wireless Access, Satellite Ventures and Other Future
8 Hrs
SLE: Remote Sensing
1. Introduction
Systems and Networks, Mullet, Cengage Learning,
Indian Edition, 2006
1. IS-95 CDMA and cdma 2000 Cellular/PCS System
Implementation, Vijay K Gard, Pearson Education, Low
Price Edition.



Sub. Code: EC0425

CIE: 50% Marks

Hrs/week: 4

SEE: 50% Marks

SEE Hrs: 3

Max Marks: 100

Course Outcome:
On successful completion of the course, the students will be able to
1. Calculate radio, microwave and link power and noise
2. Analyze lumped and distributed microwave filters.
3. Design microwave transistor amplifiers and be able to
optimize them for Gain,port matching and noise figure.
4. Design
mixers.Interpret and


network analyzer

Unit1:Basic Concepts in RF Design:

Introduction, non-linearity and time variance, random processes
and noise, sensitivity and dynamic range, passive impedance
8 Hrs
SLE: Scattering parameters.
Unit2:Transceiver Architectures:
General considerations, Receiver architectures: heterodyne and
homodyne receivers, Transmitter architectures.
9 Hrs
SLE: OOK Transceiver.
Unit3:Low Noise Amplifiers and Mixers:
Low noise amplifiers: General considerations input matching,
simple bipolar LNA. Down conversion mixers: General
considerations, Passive and active mixers.
9 Hrs


SLE: Single balanced mixer

Unit4: Oscillators:
General considerations, basic LC oscillator topologies, Voltage
controlled oscillators.
SLE: LC VCOs with Wide Tuning Range
8 Hrs
Unit5: Frequency Synthesizers:
General considerations, Phase locked loops: Basic concepts, Basic
PLL, Charge pump PLLs.
9 Hrs
SLE: Phase noise in PLLs.
Unit6: Power Amplifiers:
General considerations, Classification of power amplifiers, High
efficiency power amplifiers.
9 Hrs
SLE: Doherty Power Amplifier.
1. RF Microelectronics, by Behzad Razavi, Prentice hall
communications engineering and emerging technologies
1. RF circuit design: Theory and applications by
Reinhold Ludwig, Pavel bretchko, Prentice hall