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CONCRETE MIX DESIGN

CONCRETE MIX DESIGN FOR M-25 GRADE AS PER IS:456-2000 USING OPC-43
PROJECT:
GRADE OF CONCRETE
MAXIMUM SIZE OF AGGREGATE,mm
SLUMP OF CONCRETE, mm
TYPE OF EXPOSURE
MIN.CEMENT CONTENT REQUIRED(Kg/cum)

:
M25
:
20
:
95
: Moderate
:
300

TYPE OF CONCRETE:
CONCRETE CONFIRMS TO:
CONCRETE MIX FOR:

MAXIMUM FREE W/C RATIO PERMITT

( as per Table 5 - IS 456-2000 )

Data on Ingredients
Ingredients

Type of material

Cement

OPC-43
20mm
10mm

Coarse Aggregate
Fine Aggregate

Average specific
Gravity
3.13
2.83
2.81
2.62

Source of material

River Bed Sand


-

1
Mineral
Admixture
2
Chemical Admixture

( fck+1.65 x S )

Target Strength
Materials required per cum of concrete :
Free water content
Air content
Free water binder ratio
Total binder content
Cement content
Mineral Admixture 1
Mineral Admixture 2
Total Aggregate
Dry coarse aggregate 1
Dry coarse aggregate 2
Dry coarse aggregate 3
Dry fine aggregate 1
Dry fine aggregate 2
Admixture
Water for absorption
Total water
Total density of fresh concrete
CEMENT
340
1

( 25+1.65 X 4 )

water Absorption
%
0.24
0.26

1.145
31.60 N/mm2

0.55

OPC
Fly ash
NA
20mm
10mm
NA
River sand
Crushed sand

MIX PROPORTION BY WEIGHT


FINE AGGREGATE
828.57
2.44

COARSE AGGREGATE
1125.63
3.31

OPC-43
REF: RMC/FA/M25
DATE:
RCC
IS 456,IS 10262

W/C RATIO PERMITT

0.5

Material Percentage
used
-

156.4
2
0.46
340
340
1954.2
675.36
450.24
828.57
2.1
7.35
163.75
2458
COARSE AGGREGATE
1125.63
3.31

Lts
%
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Kg
Lts
Lts
Lts
Kg/Cum

Detailed calculation for M 25 grade concrete


Target mean strength =
fck+1.65*t

25+1.65*4

31.6 N/

1. Total free water content


= 156.4
Free water cementitious Ratio
0.46
2. Total cementitious material content (a)
340 kg
(1) Mineral admixture 1
= __kg
(2) Mineral admixture 2
= __kg
(3) Mineral admixture 3
{(a) (1)-(2)}
= 340 kg
3. Absolute volume of
Cement
opc
[ 340/3.13 ] * (1/1000)
= 0.1086
Mineral admixture 1
[0/0.00]*(1/1000)
= __kg
Mineral admixture 2
[0/0.00]*(1/1000)
= __kg
Water
[ 156.4/1.00 ] * (1/1000)
= 0.156
Admixture
[ 2.1/1.145 ] * (1/1000)
= 0.0018 c
Entrapped air
[
2% in one cubic meter]
=
Absolute volume of cementitious material + air +admixture
=
Volume occupied by aggregate
= 1 - 0.2868
=0.7132 cum
Aggregate quantities in one cum of concrete
= 0.7132 * 2.74 * 1000 = 1954.2 kg/cum
(weighted average specific gravity taken for calculation = spec.gravity of ca *ca%+spec.gravity of F
={2.82 * 60% + 2.62 * 40% }
=2.74
Quatity of
Coarse aggregate 1
20mm
=0.576 * 1954.2 *60% = 675.36 kg/cum
Coarse aggregate 2
10mm
= 0.576 * 1954.2 *40% = 450.24 kg/cum
Coarse aggregate 3
NA
Fine aggregate 1
river sand = 0.424 * 1954.2 * 100% =828.57
Fine aggregate 2
crushed sand
=0
Adjustment for absobtion by aggregate:
1 . Free water to be used in one cubic meter of concrete
a ) Absorption by coarse aggregates
20mm
675.36 * 0.24% = 1.62
10mm
450.24 * 0.26% =
b ) Absorption by fine aggregates
River sand
828.57 * 0.55% =
4.5
Crushed sand
____
*____%
=
___
=
2 . Total water to be used including absorbed water
= 156.4 + 7.35 = 163.8 Li
Total density of fresh concrete = (Cementitious + Aggregates + Total water) = (340+1954.2+163.8)=
Mix proportions by weight
Fine aggregate
Coarse aggregate
Cementitious
=340
=2.437
=3.311
From table 3 of IS-10262-2009, Volume of coarse aggregate per unit volume of total aggregate (for
20mm MSA & Zone II sand ) = 0.62;
Corrected proportion of ca for w/c ratio of 0.40 = 0.64
For pumpable concrete , volume of ca = 0.64 * 0.9 =0.576; Therefore volume of FA = 0.424

=
=

31.6 N/mm 2
156.4 Lit/m 3

= __kg
= __kg
= 340 kg

00)

= 0.1086 cum

000)
00)
ter]

= 0.1564 cum
= 0.0018 cum
= 0.02 cum
= 0.2868 cum
132 cum
54.2 kg/cum
a%+spec.gravity of Fa*Fa%)
=2.74
675.36 kg/cum
450.24 kg/cum
=828.57

* 0.24% = 1.62
.24 * 0.26% = 1.170
* 0.55% =
4.56
*____%
=
____
= 7.35
+ 7.35 = 163.8 Liters
40+1954.2+163.8)=2458 kg/m 3

=3.311

tal aggregate (for


of 0.40 = 0.64
of FA = 0.424