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ATR 72-500 PILOT HANDBOOK

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LIMITATIONS
AIRCRAFT FAMILIARIZATIONS :
Length
: 27,166m (89ft 1,5in)
Span
: 27,050m (88ft 9 in)
Height
: 7, 650m (25ft 1in)

Wheel base
: 10,77m (35ft 4in)
Wheel Track : 4,100m (13ft 5in)
Clrc fslage/Prop: 0,82 m (2 ft 8in)

CABIN/INTERIOR ACCOMMODATIONS
Max.cabin height
: 1,910m (6ft 3in)
Max.cabin width
: 2,570m (8ft 5in)

Overall lenght : 19,210m (63ft 0,5in)


Max.floor width: 2,263m (7ft 5in)
Aisle width
: 0,457m ( 18in)

PERFORMANCE
TAKE-OFF FIELD LENGTH
SL,ISA,MTOW
3000ft,ISA+10,MTOW

: 1290m (4,232ft)
: 1570m (5,151ft)

LANDING FIELD LENGTH


SL,MLW

: 1070m (3,510ft)

MAX CRUISE SPEED


ISA, 17000 ft
MAXIMUM CEILING

: 276kt
: 25000ft

DESIGN WEIGHT LIMITATIONS


MAXIMUM WEIGHT
TAXI
TAKE OFF
LANDING
ZERO FUEL

KG
22.970
22.800
22.350
20.800

LB
50.640
50.265
49.273
45.856

PASSENGERS BOARDING/DISEMBARKING
The tail prop must be installed before passengers boarding/disembarking.
A possible tip up should be taken info account from seven persons moving near the rear
part of load aircraft.
CARGO DOOR OPS.
Do not operate cargo door with a x-wind component of more than 45 kt.
Stairway ops.
MAX.OPERATING ALTITUDE :

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25.000 FT

ATR 72-500 PILOT HANDBOOK


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AIRSPEEDS
MAX. OPERATING SPEED.
VMO = 250 kt
MMO = 0.55
MAX.DESIGN MANEUVERING SPEED VA/ VA = 175 kt
MAX.FLAPS EXTENDED VFE
FLAPS 15 185 kt
FLAPS 30 150 kt
MAX.LANDING GEARS EXTENDED
VLE = 185 kt
VLO RET = 160 kt
VLO LOW = 170 kt

MAX.ROUGH AIR SPEED VRA = 180 kt


MAX.WIPER OPS.SPEED VWO = 160 kt
MAX.TIRE SPEED : 165 kt (Ground speed)

STALL SPEEDS VSR See 2.01.03. P2


V1 LIMITED BY VMCG (FLAPS 15) See 2.01.03. P3
VMCA (FLAPS 15) See 2.01.03. P4
VMCL
Flaps
30
15

VMCL (CAS)
98 kt
98 kt

OPS.PARAMETERS
ENVIRONMENTAL ENVELOPE ( Altitude Zp/ft+OAT) See 2.01.03.P5
TAIL WIND LIMIT : 10 kt
X-WIND ON DRY RWY : 35 kt
MAX. MEAN RWY SLOPE : +/- 2%
For ops.on rwy slope be on 2% refer to 3.11.18
MIN.RWY WIDTH : 30 mtr
For narrow rwy ops. Refer to 3.11.10
POWER PLAN
THE ENGINE PW 127 F or PW 127 M
Certified for a 2750 SHP max. take off rating
In normal ops.take off rating will be 2475 SHP (Reduced Take off or RTO) with an automatic
power increase to 2750 SHP.
Max.Continuous Power 2500 SHP
Rotation : clockwise (looking forward)
100% Np : 1200 RPM

ENGINE PARAMETERS

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SETTING
RESERVE
TAKE OFF
TAKE OFF

TIME
LIMIT

TQ
(%)

ITT
( C)

10 mn
(***)
5 mn

800

MAXIMUM
CONTINUOUS
GROUND
IDLE
HOTEL (4)
MODE
STARTING

NONE
(***)

100
(**)
90
(**)
90.9
(**)

800

715
5s

950
(2)
800

OTHER
TRANSIENT

(*)

5s
20 s(1) (2)

120

840

20 mn
ITT Limits see 2.01.04. P3

Do not use engine 2 in HOTEL MODE without a qualified person (flight crew or
maintenance) in the cockpit.
Max.HOTEL MODE tail wind is 10 kt

PROPELLERS
GROUND OPS. :
Engine run up must be perform into the wind.
Engine ground ops.with x-wind between 5-20 kt should not exceed 58% TQ.
IN FLIGHT OPS.
NP bellow 82% in icing condt. is prohibited.
STARTER
3 Starts with a 1 minute 30 seconds max.combined starter running time, followed by 4 minutes
off.
OIL SYSTEM
Reserved take off : 55 to 65 psi, Temp. 0-125 C ( Same as take off, max.continous, H-MODE).
20 mn are authorized between 125 C and 140 C.
NOTE :

Oil temp. maintain > 45 C to ensure inlet strut de-icing.


Oil temp maintain > 71 C to ensure fuel anti-icing protection in absence of the low fuel
temp.indication.

FUEL SYSTEM

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Jet A1
REFUELING : Max. pressure 3,5 bars (50 psi)
USABLE FUEL : In each tank is 2500 kg (5510 lbs) total 5000kg
UNBALANCE : 730 kg (1609 lbs)
FEEDING :
Each electric pump is able to supply 1 engine in whole flight envelope (5 psi)
1 electric pump and associated jet pump are able to supply both engine in whole flight
envelope (jet pump 8,5 psi plus 30 seconds).
If jet pump drop < 5psi, the elect.pump is automatically on to supply engine.
When low level (< 160kg remaining fuel onwing ctr box) is reach in one tank, its
electrical pump is automatically actuated.
Feed low pressure illuminate < 4 psi
FUEL CLOG light illuminate pressure < 45psi on corresponding HP pump fuel filter.
FIRE PROTECTION
Pulling the handle electrically causes:
1. PROPELLER
Feathering
2. FUEL
ENG LP VALVE closure
3. AIR
BLEED VALVE and HP VALVE closure
4. DE ICE
DE ICE VALVE and ISOLATION VALVE closure
5. ELEC
ACW and DC GEN deactivation
6. ALERT
SQUIB lights illumination
Detection for : each emgine fire, right nacelle overheat (on GRD only), each cargo
compartment & toilets smoke, avionics compartment smoke.
EXTINGUISHING for : each engine, cockpit, cabin and each cargo compartment, toilets
waste bin.
AIR PRESSURIZATION
Max. DP : 6.35 psi
Max. Negative DP : -0.5 psi
Max. DP for landing : 0.35 psi
Max. DP Pressure for OVBD valve full open selection : 1 psi
Max. Altitude for one bleed off operation : 20 000 ft
NORM MODE : On descent is -400 ft/mn, FAST (pressed in) 500 ft/mn
MANUAL MODE : MAN Rate -1500 ft/mn to +2500/mn
ELEVATION SET : -1500 FT AND 9900 FT
PNEUMATIC SYSTEM
The aircraft uses external air to supply :
1. The air conditioning & the ventilation systems
2. The pressurization system
3. The de-icing system
Bleed auto closed, when:
1. Bleed duct OVHT
4. Eng. Fail (UP TRIM)
2. Bleed duct LEAK
5. Prop. BRK ON (left vlv only)
3. Eng. Fire handle
Air is generally bled from the low compressor stage (LP). At low engine speed when pressure
from LP stage is insufficient, air source is automatically switched to the high compressor
stage HP.(This may occur on ground and during descent at F.I).

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ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Sources :
1. MAIN (43 VDC A24V Ni-Cd) and EMERGENCY (15 VDC A24V Ni-Cd) Batteries.
2. Two (2) Engine-Driven DC starter/generators : 28 VDC and 400A.
3. Two AC Wild frequency generators 20KVA (consists two inverters/INV 500VA) :
Output voltage 115V +/- 4V and 26V +/- 1V
Frequency 400Hz +/- 5Hz, type single phase.
4. Two External Power units (AC and DC), 28V but after load saving not less than 26V.
TRU 60A, 90A for 5 minutes.
In flight if OAT > ISA +25, Fl lvl limit to Fl 200.
DC Eng.Driven > 45% NH = 61% ready used.
AC Acc Gear Box 66 % NP ACW ready used AC Pwr.
DC voltage indi : for battery without load : 25-28 volt, under load 23-28 volt.
DC current indi normal read for each GEN less than 300A.
HYDRAULIC
Hydraulic has 2 systems blue and green with 3 pumps; 2 Main and 1 Aux.Pump.
Main pumps 3000 Psi pressurized by ACW elect.mtr driven pump.
Aux.DC mtr driven Pump fitted with Blue cct and operate when MAIN lo press < 1500psi.
Aux pump avail > 1600psi for Emergency and Pkg.Break
Aux DC hyd.pump push button energize for 30 seconds.
Blue system supplies : 1.flap, 2.spoiler, 3.nose wheel steering, 4.prop.brake, 5.emerg and parking
brake through specific accumulator.
Green system supplies : 1.landing gear, 2.normal brake.
LO PR light ill.1500psi, LO LVL ill. < 2.5ltr.
LANDING GEAR
VLE = 185kt
VLO RET = 160kt
VLO LOW = 170kt
Wheel steering angle is +/- 60 , Nose wheel deflection of +/- 91% is possible during towing
with no press.in the system.
Min.pavement width for 180 turn is 70ft (21.40m), Ex.:
- Left main wheel to right wing left turn (R4) is 64ft (19,74m)
- Left main wheel to nose A/C left turn 90 (R5) is 45ft (13,96m)
- Left main wheel to nose wheel left turn 90 (R3) is 40ft (12,43m)
- Centre of bailey to main wheel is 20ft (26,21m) = MW to MW 40ft (12,42m)
* Fusible plugs are descend to release internal pressure when the wheel tempt exceeds 177C/350F
Antiskid system provided as soon as gear is down and locked, aircraft speed exceeds 10kts.
Antiskid test pb : 6s on grd, 3s on air (the test is inhibited when wheel speed > 17kt)
Locked wheel protection for velocities > 23kts a speed differential of 50% or greater between
the two speed signal, and thus in release of break.
Touch down protection : at main gear compression, the braking action is inhibited as long as
wheel spin up < 35kt or for 5s.
Brake temp over 150 C; BRK TEMP HOT ill. See 2.05.07. P7
MFC
Take off with two or more failed MFC modules is prohibited.

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Has two separate electrical supply primary and alternate :


- From primary to alternate if primary V < 19 V and if alternate > 22 V
- From alternate to primary if primary V > 22 V

AFCS
It achieves : A/P function and/or Y/D, F/D function, Altitude Alert
Mini height for A/P engagement after take off : 100ft
Mini height for use of either A/P or F/D :
- except during take off or executing an approach : 1000ft
- VS or IAS mode during approach
: 160ft
- CAT1 APP mode
: 160ft
- CAT2 see 2.02.04.P8
NAV MODE for VOR approach, using either A/P or F/D is authorized only if :
- a co-located DME is available, and
- DME HOLD is not selected
BANK pb : Hi Bank 27 , Lo Bank 15
TCS (Touch Ctr Steering) pb :
- Pitch Att.Re-synchronization limits +/- 15
- Bank angles limits 6 35 , and will center if less than 6. At Bank greater 35 A/P will
return 35.
FLIGHT CONTROL
Holding with any flaps extended is prohibited in icing conditions (except for single engine
ops).
Spoiler deployed when aileron exceeds 2,5
TLU (Travel Limitation Unit : done through ADC when reaching 185kt during acceleration
and when reaching 180kt during deceleration.
FLAP UNLK spurious > 4 , Flaps Assymmetry > 6,7 during actuation.
ICING
All icing detection lights must be operative prior to flight into icing conditions at night
The ice detector must be operative for flight into icing conditions.
Icing conditions definition :
- Visible moisture
- Temp.SAT < 5 C on ground or at take off , TAT < 7 C in flight.
- Visibility less than 1Sm
In normal ops.the stick shaker threshold is set at -12 AOA with flaps 0, when ICING AOA
light ON stick shaker threshold reduced at -7
- Icing Electrically : Windshields, Probe, Ice evidence, Propellers, Horns wing & Elevator,
Electronic ice detector.
- De-Icing Pneumatically : Gas path de-icer, Engine air intake, Wing leading edge, Horizontal
tail plane leading edge.

OXYGEN

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An excess altitude warning is activated if cabin alt.reaches 10000ft.


Three (3) quick donning oxy.mask and smoke googles in the cockpit
High pressure cylinder 3310L (115 cu.ft) supplies to distribution system/ nominal
press.1850psi is reduced to 78psi in the distribution system.
Diluted oxygen provided 2 pilots and 1 obs.: 120mn at demand flow (N/normal position).
In case of smoke or noxious gas emission oxygen provided 15mn at demand flow (100%
position).
19 oxygen mask 30mn diluted oxy.supply.
Two (2) portable oxy.bottles 120 L (4,25 cu) under press (1800psi) 30mn to both cabin
attendants (under cab.seat).
See page 2.01.05 P2

COCKPIT PHILOSOPHY
PB POSITION
IN (DEPRESSED)
OUT (RELEASED)

BASIC FUNCTION
On, Auto, Normal
Off, Manual, Altn, Shut

COLOR

INDICATION

No light ill.except flow bars (DARK COCKPIT)


BLUE
GREEN
WHITE
AMBER
RED

Normal basic operation


Temporarily required system in normal operation
Back up or alternated system selected
Selection other than normal basic operation
Caution indication
Warning indication

INSTRUMENT MARKINGS
RED ARC OR RADIAL LINE : MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM LIMITS
YELLOW ARC : CAUTION AREA
GREEN ARC : NORMAL AREA

TCAS
The fixed aircraft mock-up is surrounded with a 2mm loop.
ABV viewing : 2700ft below to 9900ft above.
BLW viewing : 2700ft above to 9900ft below.
Intruder symbol :
- TCAS RA : filled square (red) CORRECTIVE ACTION TO DO
- TCAS TA : filled circle (amber) TRAFFIC, TRAFFIC. CPA is between 20-48 seconds.
- Proximity : filled diamond (Cyan) Tx in the Proximity
- Others
: blank diamond (Cyan) Tx in the Visinity
- Arrow
: climbing or descending greater than 500ft/mn.
TA may become RA within 15 seconds.
A typical TCAS II maneuver req.crew response within 5 seconds and G-forces of +/- 0,25G.
CABIN LIGHTING
The general cabin illumination system must be used during not less than 15 minutes before each
flight.

ATPCS

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ARMING CONDITIONS :
- T/O or ON GRD : PWR MGT selector TO
ATPCS pb ON
Both PL above 49
Both TQ >46%
Aircraft on ground uptrim and auto feathering functions armed.
- APP or IN FLT

: PWR MGT selector TO


ATPCS pb ON
Both PL above 49
Both TQ >46%
Aircraft in flight auto feathering functions armed.

Armed ON GRD, uptrim is triggered and bleed vlv is shut off on the remaining engine, and
autofeather is activated pd engine yg mati setelah 2,15s.
Armed IN FLT, autofeather is activated on the effected engine after 2,15s.
2,15s this feature enables to perform an acceleration stop without having autofeather in order
to benefit from some reserving action on the failed engine.
- cancellation by: 1) PWR MGT other than TO, 2) ATPCS pb set to OFF, 3) both PL
retarded.
CAUTION : If the engine is restarted, IT WILL BE NECESSARY TO SELECT PWR MGT
to MCT position after relight in order to be able to UNFEATHER the propeller.

T/O CONFIG red light lt :


1. FLT CTL when pitch trim and/or FLAPS not in TO configuration.
2. AIL LOCK is illuminated : disagree the gust lock ctr and the actuator.
3. ENG when PWR MGT not in TO position.
4. TLU FAULT lt if not in LO SPD configuration.
5. Pressurization in AUTO position.
T/O INHI
PRKG BRK, GPWS FAULT, MAINT.PANEL, ENG.oil, SMOKE warning & Associated
Aurel Alert; cancel by : 1) one gear leg is not locked down, 2) by pressing RCL pb.
Pre-flight Preparations Procedure :
Shall Cx the following items :
1. A/C Condition : Defect or DMI
2. NOTAMs : AED, RWY, TWY etc.
3. WX Briefing : T/O, EN RTE, DEST.,ALN.
4. Airport Infrastucture : At Destination/ALN.
5. Specifics : Noise Abt. on Tx, TO or arrival.
6. Flight Planning : Via RTE, FL Time (limit W and cargo can add.or not).
7. Fuel Planning : (plus icing and aln.1st or 2nd)
8. Flight Presentation : Ex.noise abt.when Tx
9. Flight Attendant Briefing :
- Cx licence, schedule/revise, what day, job disc., emg.proc., time

TORQUE PRESET

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NP = 86/82%

Level flight

Speed

180

160

140

120

Approach
3
VAPP

Gear

UP

UP

DOWN

DOWN

DOWN

Flaps

15

30/35

30/35

All engine torque

50%

40%

40%

50%

25%

All engine pitch

+1

+1

+2

+2

-1

Single engine torque

90%

75%

75%

90%

50%

Single engine pitch

+1

+1

+2

+2

-1

+/- 3% TQ +/- 1 percent slope; +/- 5% TQ 1 degree slope; +/- 5% +/- 10kt wind compn.
BEST ANGLE AND BEST RATE SPEED

2 ENGINES

1 ENGINE

BEST ANGLE =
WHITE BUG
WHITE BUG

NORMAL
CONDITIONS
BEST RATE =
WHITE BUG +10

ICING
CONDITIONS

RED BUG

WHITE BUG

SPEED BUGS
TAKE OFF BUGS :
Green Bug V1 set when V1 = VR (when rwy limited (set 12 oclock when not used)).
Yellow Bug VR when limiting runway
V1/VR when non limiting runway
Speed Bug V2 (Amber)
White Bug FLAPS RETRACTION SPEED (VmLBO), Normal Conditions.
Single engine climb speed Flaps 15 (VmLB15)
White Bug +10 HIGH BANK (VmHBO), Best climb rate speed Flaps 0
Red Bug Icing Conditions; FLAPS RETRACTION SPEED (VmLBO)
Red Bug +10 Icing Conditions; HIGH BANK
CRUISE BUGS :

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White Bug Nml Cond; DRIFT DOWN SPEED Flaps 0 MINI EN ROUTE (VmLBO)
Icing Cond; DRIFT DOWN SPEED Flaps 15 (VmLB15)
Red Bug Icing Cond; MINI EN ROUTE Flaps 0 (VmLBO)
Speed Bug Cruise speed (Amber)

APPROACH BUGS :
Yellow Bug VGA = Greatest : VAPP no wind + 5kt or 1,1 Vmca
Speed Bug (Amber) VAPP = VAPP no wind + wind factor
White Bug FLAPS RETRACTION SPEED (VmLBO), Nml Conditions.
Single engine climb speed Flaps 15 (VmLB15)
White Bug +10 HIGH BANK (VmHBO), Best climb rate speed Flaps 0
Red Bug Icing Cond; FLAPS RETRACTIONS SPEED (VmLBO)
Red Bug +10 Icing Cond; HIGH BANK

LIGHTS POLICY
NAV
WINGS
BEACON
TAXI & T/O
LAND
STROBES
LOGO

Airplane electrically suplied


Engine 2 running in Hotel mode
Propeller rotation
Airplane taxing
Line up to FL 100
FL 100 to runway vacated
Lining up and flight up to runway vacated
Company advertisement

BRIEFINGS
Departure briefing :
All departure setting must be ready before performing briefing. Are you ready for departure
briefing?
Status
- Weather conditions (icing, thunderstorm, wind)
- A/C technical situation (technical concern, MEL restriction)
- Specific flight items (NOTAMS, de-icing)
Taxi
- Taxi out description
- Specifics (contamination, taxiway closed)
- Runway in use and expected holding point
Runway
- Limitations, specifications, bleed, anti-icing (fluid type)
SID (Standard Instrument Departure) :
- When clearance departure is received from ATC, you must check it is in compliance with
the expected SID :
a. Is actual SID in compliance with the prepared one?
b. Is altitude clearance in compliance with MSA/SID climb instruction?
c. Set squawk code.
- If clearance is not amended, PF announces : no change.

Take-off briefing :

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- Take-off RWY____, Weight____, V1____


- If failure before____kt, I (you) stop the aircraft.
- If failure at or after____kt, we continue HDG____, acc.alt.is____, MSA is____
- The single engine flight path shall be read on FOS chart.
Example : FO will be PF in flight, so he performs the take-off briefing :
Are you ready for take-off briefing? Take-off runway 25L, weight 16 tons, V1 100kt,
normal/icing condition. If failure before V1 you call STOP and stop the A/C. (etc are the
same).
Arrival briefing :
Top of descend (TOD)
Expressed in distance (time for information) and MSA.
Particularities:
- A/C DMI or push RCL
- NOTAM
- Airport equipment
- Etc
Alternate and holding time:
- Holding time before diversion
Wx at destination:
Visi / RVR compare to minima : Airport accessible or not and icing or
Approach procedure: (See and read App.Chart)
Radio-navigation setting : (for the final approach)

LONG TRANSIT :
- Internal inspection
- External inspection
- Preliminary cockpit preparation ( long transit)
- Final cockpit preparation
SHORT TRANSIT :
- External inspection
- Preliminary cockpit preparation (short transit)
- Final cockpit preparation

FCTM
02.02.03.P2
02.02.03.P4
02.02.03.P16
02.02.03.P22
FCTM
02.02.03.P4
02.02.03.P22
02.02.03.P24

STARTING SEQUENCES
* HOTEL MODE, Svc.DoorClosed, Wg.LightsOn, Prop.BrakeOn, Eng.Start
Sel.A+b(AorB)Start Sw :
- Timing (for 1.30s the 1st 3 start,next 4min off)
- Starter 2 Check on (30s maxi when starter off)
* CL 2. FEATHER, TIMING.START
- FUEL OPEN.. ITT should rise within 10s
* ITT increasing.IGNITION (Timing stop)
- Check engine parameters
* NH increasing. OIL PRESS
* NH 45 % . Starter Off
- ITT Max. Check, Timing Stop
* NH 61,5 %.... PARAMETER STABILIZED
- CM2
ENGSTARTOff,
DC
EXT
PWR.Off/Disc,
DC
GEN2
FAULT.Extinguished, DC BTC. Check Closed, BLEED/ PACK/ X-VLV.Open
- CM1. Check DC GEN 2 Voltage, Disconnect GPU.
MISCELLANEOUS

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- Preparation for emergency landing or ditching :


1. Inform Cabin crew
2. Inform Passengers
3. Passangers preparation
4. Cabin preparation
5. Emergency equipment preparation
6. Final action :
Check all orders enforced
Inform the flight crew : Cabin ready for emergency landing (or ditching)
Seat down and fasten your harness after carrying out your own
preparation.
An announcement is made by the Flight Crew 1 minute before the crash
Order the passengers to take the safety position 30 seconds before crash
A few seconds before crash order the passengers : brace-brace
7. Evacuation
- Refueling with passengers aboard :
> Passengers Instruction :
* No smoking (this order has to be repeated through the PA)
* No electrical switch operations
* No boarding or disembarking if the pax have not received the instructions
* Escape paths free from obstacles
> Cabin Instructions :
* Emergency lights ON or ARMED
* Opened doors equipped with stairs
* Curtains secured in open position
> Crew Instructions :
* Cabin survey by the Flight Attendants :
* Orders enforced (no smoking)
* Senior FA close to the main emergency exits
* Second FA in the front of the cabin
> Ground Instructions :
* No obstacle in front of the emergency exits
* Those responsible for refueling and airport safety service informed that pax are
aboard
* Airport safety service available
* Extinguishing devices close to the aircraft
- 5 syarat FA boleh melakukan evakuasi :
1. 10 detik tidak ada pemberitahuan dari cockpit
2. Pesawat berhenti
3. Mesin pesawat mati
4. Tidak ada api di luar pintu pesawat
5. Apabila pswt rusak berat atw when Dithcing air sdh masuk ke pesawat
- Cara melakukan CPR /Nafas buatan 100x/mnt, 30/2x kasih nafas, RJP (di kejut listrik).
- Sudden death harus ditolong within 6 mnt supaya hidup kembali.
PRE-FLIGHT CHECK
Aircraft Systems :
1. Interphone
2. Smoke detectors

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3. Automatic extinguishers
4. Emergency lights
5. Emergency exits
6. Lighted signs
7. Calls
8. Public Address (PA)
Emergancy Equipment
1. Seat belts
2. Safety instruction cards
3. First aid kits
4. Portable exthinguishers
5. Crash axe (if any)
6. Megaphone
7. Flash lights
8. Oxygen systems :
Sustenance oxygen
Protective breathing equipment
First aid oxygen (if any)
9. Life jackets (if any)
10. Rafts (if any)
11. Survival kits (if any)
12. Emergency locator transmitter (if any)
TAKE OFF SEQUENCE
Flight
Events

CM 1

READY TO
TAKE OFF

> ANNOUNCE
TAKE-OFF AT XXX OCLOCK
V1 XXX KT
> DO
TIMING.START
NOSE WHEEL STEERING.HANDED
Pls.NOTCH
> ANNOUNCE
SET POWER
> ANNAOUNCE & DO : CHECK
NOSE WHEEL STREERING. RELEASED
YOUR CONTROL / MY CONTROL

70 KT READ ON THE
STBY ASI & CM2 ASI

PNF
FL.CTRL.TRANSFER
REACHING V1
REACHING VR
POSITIVE RATE

CM 2

> DO
TIMING.START
CONTROL WHEEL.HOLD TOWARD
WIND
ATPCS ARMED, POWER SET
> ANNOUNCE : 70 KTS

PF
> ANN : I HAVE CONTROL

> ANN : V1
CM1 : DO.PLs RELEASED
> ANN : ROTATE (YELLOW BUG)
> ANN : POSITIVE RATE
DO : L/G.Up; Y/D.On; Tx & TO Lt.Off

DO : PITCH.ROTATE 10 & FOLLOW FD


BARS
ORDER : GEAR UP

ALL LIGHTS OFF ON


L/G PANEL

> ANN : GEAR UP

CONT.ACCELERATE TO V2 + 5

REACHING ACC.ALT.

> ANN : ACCELERATION ALTITUDE


DO :

DO : PLCHECK IN THE NOTCH*

* Two times tumb wheel * PLCx Notch


* PWR MGT-CL
* BleedOff/On
* CxTQ %
* Fine TuneV 170kts

ORDER : CLIMB SEQUENCE

> ANN : CLIMB SEQ.COMPLETE

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CRUISE PARAMETERS
PNF reads SAT by depressing the SAT pb & determine the ISA deviation.
Ex. FL200, in std ISA Sea lvl 15*C & Decrease by 2* each 1000ft, pressing SAT is -25*.
So FL200 std temp.= 15*C-20x2*C=-25*C (Take FCOM/ QRH Compliance Crz Weight)
FLIGHT FUEL MANAGEMENT
1. Fuel used versus distance (in Kg/Nm) = FF/GS
2. FU to DEST (in Kg) = actual FU + (dist.to go x Fuel used versus distance) = X
3. Remaining Fuel at Destination (in Kg) = FOB* - X = RF
4. Holding quantity (in Kg) = RF (alternate fuel + final reserve) = HF
5. Estimated maxi-holding time (in min) =
HF/10 for all other ATR type (i.e. 600kg/h**)
* FOB : Fuel On Board before engine start
** Please refer to FCOM for exact value

NORMAL GO-AROUND
FLIGHT
EVENTS
DA OR MDA
(RUNWAY OR
RAMP NOT IN
SIGHT) OR OTHER
EVENTS
UNXXPECTED
WHEN FLAPS AT 15
ON THE FLAPS
INDICATOR
POSITIVE RATE

PNF

PF

ANN. : MINIMUM

> DO :
TQs.CHECK/ADJUST GA
FLAPS 15.SELECTED

> ANN.: GO-AROUND, SET POWER,


FLAPS ONE NOTCH
> DO :
- GA PB ON PL..DEPRESSED
- ROTATE.GA PITCH (+8 NOSE UP)
- PLs.ADVANCED TO RAMP
- CAVALRY CHARGE.CANCEL

> ANN.: FLAPS 15, POWER SET


> ANN. : POSITIVE RATE, vsi + alt.incrs
> DO :
- GEAR LEVER.UP
- HDG MODE.SELECTED
- LO BANK.SELECTED
- IAS.VGA SELECTED/WHITE BUG
- TAXI & T/O LIGHT.OFF
> ANN.: IAS XXX SET
> DO & ANN.: SET

WHEN ALL LIGHTS


OFF ON THE L/G PNL

> ANN. : GEAR UP

REACHING
ACC.ALT. NOTE :
MINI 1000FT AGL
OR HIGHER IF REQ.

> ANN. : ACCELERATION ALTITUDE

> ORDER : GEAR UP, HEADING,


LOW BANK, IAS VGA (W/B)

> ANN.: CHECK


> ORDER & DO : SET SPEED BUG
VGA (W/B)

> DO : PL.RETARD TO THE NOTCH


> ORDER : CLIMB SEQUENCE
NB : CONT.AFTER T/O PROC.(i.e W/B
OR R/B.FLAPS 0, dst.until after T/O
C/L.

SINGLE ENGINE GO-AROUND


*** From inisiate (MINIMUM) until GEAR UP are the same actions, but different when reach
ACCELERATION ALTITUDE (follow the procedure bellow).
FLIGHT
PNF
PF
EVENTS
REACH ACC. ALT
MINI 1000ft AGL OR
HIGHER
IF

Page 14 of 27

> ANN. : ACCELERATION ALTITUDE


> DO & ANN. :
ALT PB ON AFCS. DEPRESS

> ORDER : SET ALT


> DO & ANN. :
ALT GREEN ON FMA..CHECK

ATR 72-500 PILOT HANDBOOK


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------REQUESTED
REACHING WHITE
BUG

WHEN FLAPS AT
EXPECTED
POSITION ON
FLAPS INDICATOR

ALT GREEN
> DO & ANN. : SET
> ANN. : WHITE BUG
> DO & ANN. :
IAS PB ON ADU.DEPRESS
IAS XXX SET
> DO & ANN. : PWR MGT.MCT
TORQUE ADJUSTED/CHECK IN THE
NOTCH MCT SET
> DO : FLAPS LEVERSET AS RQRD
> ANN. : IN NORMAL CONDITIONS
FLAPS 0
OR
IN ICING CONDITIONS
REMAIN FLAPS 15

CHECK
> ORDER AND DO
SET SPEED BUG WHITE BUG
> ORDER : SET IAS
> ORDER : SET MCT
> ORDER :
NORMAL CONDITIONS, FLAPS 0
OR
ICING CONDITIONS, REMAIN
FLAPS 15

ENGINE FLAME OUT AT TAKE-OFF


Flight events
ENGINE FLAME
OUT
POSITIVE RATE
ACTIONS
TRIGGERED BY PNF
WITHOUT PF
REQUEST, JUST
AFTER GEAR
RETRACTION
SEQUENCE

L/G PANEL ALL


LIGHT OFF
REACHING
ACC.ALTITUDE
REACHING WHITE
BUG
WHEN FLAPS AT
0/15 ON INDI
WHEN FLIGHT
PATH STABILIZED

PNF READS C/L


WHEN C/L

Page 15 of 27

PNF

PF

First crew detects failure announces loudly :


ENGINE FAILURE
> ANN : POSITIVE RATE
DO : ASSOCIATED ACTION
DO, CHECK & ANNOUNCE
ENG 2 (or 1) UPTRIMMED
ENG 1(or 2) AUTOFEATHERED,
(TWO) BLEED FAULT LIT

ORDER : GEAR UP

If no UPTRIM, PF orders corrective


actions before acceleration altitude

> ANN : GEAR UP


> ANN : ACCELERATION ALTITUDE
DO & ANN : ALT GREEN
DO & ANN : SET
> ANN : WHITE BUG
DO & ANN : IAS XXX SET
DO & ANN : MCT SET
DO : FLAPS LEVERSET AS RQRD
> ANN : FLAPS 0 or REMAIN FLAPS
15
> DO & ANN. POINTED AT WITH FINGER
PL CONFIRM
CL1(or 2)?; FTHR THEN FUEL SO
BLEED OFF IF NECESSARY, YES
OR NO?
MEMO ITEMS COMPLETE
> DO, ANNOUNCE & POINTED :
ENG.FLAME OUT AT TO C/L?

ORDER : SET ALT


ORDER & DO : SET V BUG W/B

> READ, CHECK, DO & ANNOUNCE :

> ANSWER; NO or YES

> DO : CAP CLEARED

> ANN : CLEAR CAP

ORDER : SET IAS


ORDER : SET MCT
ORDER : NML CONDT.FLAPS
0/ICING CONDT.FLAPS REMAIN 15
>ORDER, DO & ANN. :
ENG.FLAME OUT AT TO MEMO
ITEMS
PL 1 (or 2)?, FLIGHT IDLE
CONFIRM
BLEED OFF or BLEED ON
> REQ : ENG.FLAME OUT AT TO
CL, RADIO MY SIDE
> TRANSMIT : PAN PAN 3X, CALL
SIGN, ENG.F/O, I CALL U BACK
> C/L CHECK BY PNF : CONFIRM

ATR 72-500 PILOT HANDBOOK


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------COMPLETED

PF SUMS UP
SITUATION

SUMS UP

PF ANN.

> ANN & READ : AFTER TO C/L


> ANN : CHECKLIST COMPLETED

> REQ : AFTER TO C/L

> DO & ANNOUNCE :


SINGLE ENG.OPS.CHECKLIST?
> ANN : C/L COMPLETE
RADIO MY SIDE

>ANN : SINGLE ENG.OPS.C/L!


C/L BY PNF, CONFIRM
>ANN : (When C/L COMPLETED),
RADIO YOUR SIDE

> DO : INFORMATION

> DO : SUM UP (Press Recall)


DECISION
INFORMATION

: READY FOR ASSESSMENT?, GO HEAD


: TECHNICAL : WE HAVE.FAILURE, . ALL SYSTEM ARE AVAIL.
: OPERATIONAL : NO PERF.IMPACT, DEST.AIRPORT IS ACCESSIBLE.
: COMMERCIAL : NO CONSEQUENCE
: I SUGGEST WE (FO:YOU) CONTINUE (OR NO CONT.) TO DEST., &
WRITE IT DOWN IN MAINTENANCE LOG, NOBODY NEEDS TO BE
INFORMED, EXCEPT COMPANY, IF YOU AGREE.
CAPTAIN: I AGREE.

ENGINE FIRE AFTER TAKE-OFF


Basicly sama dgn engine flame-out tp perbedaan di ACC.ALTITUDE push INCREASE IAS
TO W/B+ IN FLIGHT ENG. FIRE MEMO ITEMS-nya+ IN FLIGHT ENG. FIRE
CHECKLIST-nya (s/d fire handle pulled and discharged).
ENGINE FIRE B4 V1 & EMG. EVACUATION
Flight events
ENGINE FIRE

A/C STOPPED +
PARKING BRAKE
ON

CM 1
> ANN. LOUDLY : STOP!!
REDUCE PLs...GI/REV AS RQD
BRAKES..FULL APPLICATION

> ANN : ENGINE FIRE


CRC/MASTER WRNG....CANCELLED
CTRL WHEEL...HOLD AS REQUIRED
ATC (VHF1) CALLED
MAYDAY 3X, XXX (CALL SIGN),
ENG. FIRE, ABORTED TAKE OFF.
> ANN. (on Public Address)
PLEASE, REMAIN SEATED, CABIN
CREW AT STATION.
If possible, stop the aircraft to get the engine on fire head wind or to leeward
> DO : P/B ON
> DO : CM1 ACTIONS. MONITOR
> ANN. & DO : ON GROUND ENG.FIRE
TIMING. START
MEMO ITEMS
> DO : QRH EMG. C/L. OPEN
> ANN. & REQUEST : MEMO ITEMS
COMPLETE, ON GROUND ENG.FIRE
C/L

CL REQ.BY CM1
FIRE NOT
EXTINGUISHED

> ANSWER : YES


> REQUEST AND ANSWER :
ON GROUND EMER EVACUATION
C/L

EVACUATION
REQUIRED

Page 16 of 27

CM 2

> READ & ANN. : ON GROUND


ENG.FIRE C/L AND PERFORMS
C/L!!!
> ANN : IF EVACUATION REQUIRED,
YES OR NO?
> READ : ON GRD.EMG.EVACUATION
PROC.(1.02). APPLY
ON GROUND EMER EVACUATION
C/L
> READ AND ANN. : ON GROUND
EMER EVACUATION C/L

ATR 72-500 PILOT HANDBOOK


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------> ANN. : WE EVACUATE then on PA
EVACUATION, EVACUATION,
EVACUATION
> DO & ANN. :
BATT TOGGLE SWITCH.. OFF
OFF
- MIN CABIN LIGHT.. ON
- FUEL PUMPS 1+2.. OFF

EMERGENCY DESCEND
Flight Events
ACCORDING TO
FLIGHT EVENT OR
MASTER WARNING

APP. FL 100

WHEN NORMAL
RATE OF DESCENT
AVAILABLE

> EVACUATION. INITIATE


> READ & ANN. :
BAT. OFF

PNF

PF

KAPITAN >> ORDER :


EMERGENCY DESCENT MEMO ITEMS
AUTOPILOT REMIND ENGAGED
>DO: O2 MASK+CREW COM... ESTB
>DO: 02 MASK+CREW COM.ESTB
CAPT/COPIL OXY ON, RDO UR SIDE
CAPT/COPIL OXY ON, RDO MY
- 02 PAX SUPPLY.ON
SIDE
- SEAT BELTS...ON
- ALT.SEL LOWEST ALT.SELECT
- XPDR.7700
- IAS MODE... SELECT
- HDG MODE.SELECT
>ANNOUNCE (ON PUBLIC ADDRESS)
- HDG KNOB...TURN +/-45
EMG DESCENT, REMAIN SEATED
According to flight conditions
- PLs...FI
> DO
- CLs.MAX RPM/100% OVRD
- MINI SAFE ALTITUTE..CHECK
- FINE TUNE
- ALT SEL....MSA SELECT
>ANNOUNCE (ON VHF1)
> ANN : MEMO ITEMS COMPLETE
MAYDAY 3X, XXX (callsign),
> DO
EMG. DESCENT, CONFIRM MSA.
CHECKLIST PREPARE
> ORDER
> ANN : EMG DESCENT CHECKLIST
EMG DESCENT CHECKLIST
> DO
SPEED...ADJUST
Accdg. to potential structural damages
HEADINGADJUST
Accdg. To flight path (AWY, ATC).
(+/- 1000ft before SET IAS 210, CLs
AUTO, HDG, Cx PARALEL).

> DO: OXYGEN MASK....REMOVE


> ANN: BREATHING NORMALLY
> DO :
OXYGEN HATCH..CLOSE
OXYGEN TEST PBDEPRESS

> ANNOUNCE
YOU CAN REMOVE OXY MASK
> DO
OXYGEN MASKREMOVE
OXYGEN HATCH..CLOSE
OXYGEN TEST PBDEPRESS

KAPITAN
> DO : FLIGHT ATTENDANT REPORT.REQUEST
ASSESMENT DECISION INFORMATION (A,B,C,D)

Page 17 of 27

ATR 72-500 PILOT HANDBOOK


---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MEMO ITEMS
1. IN FLIGHT ENG FIRE OR SEVERE MECHANICAL DAMAGE (1.02)
PL affected sideF1
CL effected sideFTR THEN FUEL SO
FIRE HANDLE affected side.PULL
If condition persist after 10 seconds
FIRST AGENT affected side.DISCH
If condition persist after 30 seconds
SECOND AGENT affected side.DISCH
LAND ASAP
SINGLE ENG OPERATION procedure (2.4)..APPLY
2. ON GROUND ENG FIRE OR SEVERE MECHANICAL DAMAGE (1.02)
PL 1 + 2..GI/REVERSE AS RQD
When aircraft stopped
PARKING BRAKE...ENGAGE
CL 1 + 2......FTR THEN FUEL SO
FIRE HANDLE affected side..PULL
If condition persist
FIRST AGENT affected side .DISCH
If condition persist after 30 seconds
SECOND AGENT affected sideDISCH
If evacuation required
ON GROUND EMER EVACUATION (1.02)..APPLY
ON GROUND EMER EVACUATION (1.02)
AIRCRAFT/PARKING BRAKE..STOP/ENGAGE
AUTO PRESS ..DUMP
ATC (VHF 1).NOTIFY
CL 1 + 2FTR THEN FUEL SO
MIN CAB LIGHT...ON
CABIN CREW (PA)..NOTIFY
FIRE HANDLES 1 + 2...PULL
AGENTSAS RQD
ENG START ROTARY SELECTOR..OFF/START ABORT
FUEL PUMPS 1 + 2.OFF
EVACUATION (PA)..INITIATE
Before leaving aircraft
BATOFF

Page 18 of 27

ATR 72-500 PILOT HANDBOOK


---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3. ENG FIRE AT TAKE OFF (1.02A)


When airborne
LDG GEAR ..UP
At Acceleration Altitude
PWR MGT ...MCT
At VFTO
If normal condition
FLAPS ...0O
If Icing condition
FLAPS ...MAINTAIN 15O
PL affected side .FI
CL affected side .FTR THEN FUEL SO
FIRE HANDLE illuminated .....................................................PULL
If fire persist after 10 seconds
FIRST AGENT affected side .....DISCH
If fire persist after 30 seconds
SECOND AGENT affected side DISCH
BLEED engine alive . OFF if necessary
SINGEL ENG OPERATION procedure (2.04) . APPLY
4. BOTH ENGINES FLAME OUT (1.03)
PL 1 + 2..FI
If NH drops below 30% (no automatic relight)
CL 1 + 2 .FTR THEN FUEL SO
5. ENG FLAME OUT AT TAKE OFF (1.04)
UPTRIM...CHECK
AUTOFEATHER ....CHECK
If no UPTRIM
PL 1 + 2....ADVANCE TO THE RAMP
When airborne
LDG GEAR ..UP
BLEEDS 1 + 2 ...OFF, IF NOT FAULT
At Acceleration Altitude
ALT .SET
At VFTO
PL 1 + 2 ..IN THE NOTCH
PWR MGT MCT
IAS ..SET
If normal condition
FLAPS .0O
If icing condition
FLAPS .MAINTAIN 15O
PL affected side..FI
CL affected side..FTR THEN FUEL SO
BLEED engine alive..OFF if necessary

Page 19 of 27

LAND ASAP

ATR 72-500 PILOT HANDBOOK


---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

6. SMOKE (1.05)
CREW OXY MASKS...ON/100%
GOGGLES..AS RQD
CREW COMMUNICATIONSESTABLISH
RECIRC FANS 1 + 2.OFF
APON
7. DUAL DC GEN LOSS (1.07)
DC GEN 1 + 2.OFF then ON
If no generator recovered
HYD GREEN PUMP..OFF
TRU..ON
8. EMERGENCY DESCENT (1.07A)
OXYGEN MASKS/CREW COMMUNICATIONS..AS RQD
GOOGLES..AS RQD
DESCENTINITIATE
PL 1 + 2.FI
CL 1 + 2100% OVRD
9. SEVERE ICING (1.09)
MINIMUM ICING SPEED......INCREASE RED BUG by 10 kt
PWR MGTMCT
CL / PL..100 % MCT
AP (if engagedFIRMLY HOLD CONTROL WHEEL and DISENGAGE
SEVERE
ICING
CONDITIONS.
...ESCAPE
ATC.NOTIFY
10. RECOVERY AFTER STALL or ABNORMAL CONTROL (1.10)
CONTROL WHEEL PUSH FIRMLY
If flaps 0O configuration
FLAPS 15O
PWR MGT MCT
CL/ PL ..100% / MCT
ATC NOTIFY
If flaps are extendend
PWR MGT .MCT
CL/PL ..100% / MCT
ATC ..NOTFY
11. UNRELIABLE AIRSPEED INDICATION (1.10)
AP/YD/FD BARS OFF/OFF/STBY
PITCH AND TQ .MAINTAIN
If at take off or GA below 1500 ft:
PITCH IMMEDIATELY ...8O
ICING / VOLCANIC ASHES CONDITIONS ..ESCAPE

Page 20 of 27

ATR 72-500 PILOT HANDBOOK


---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

12. ABNORMAL PARAMETERS DURING START (2.05)


If ITT tends to exceed 900 C, or no ITT, or no NH
CL affected side FUEL SO
ENG START ROTARY SELECTOR..OFF / START ABORT
Then refer to relevant procedure: ...
13. FIRE LOOP FAULT (2.06)
LOOP affected .OFF
14. ENG FLAME OUT (2.10)
PL affected side.FI
If NH drops below 30 % (no immediate relight)
CL affected side FTR THEN FUEL SO
15. PEC FAULT (2.10A)
If in short final approach (below 400ft RA)
GO AROUND procedure...APPLY
16. LO PITCH IN FLIGHT(2.11)
PL affected side.FI
CL affected side...FTR THEN FUELS SO
17. FLAPS UNLK (2.21)
If before V1
Take off.ABORT
If after V1
VR, V2..INCREASE BY 10 KT
If alarm occurs during approach
GO AROUND procedure..APPLY
VGA..INCREASE BY 10 KT
18. ELEVATOR JAM (2.23)
CONTROL COLUMNS..UNCOUPLE
19. EFIS COMP (2.31)
If ROL, PIT, ATT, HDG cautions appears on EFIS
BOTH EADI, STBY HORIZON ....CROSSCHECK
WRONG INSTRUMENT ...IDENTIFY
ATT / HDG PB affected side ...DEPRESS AS RQD

CRUISING LEVEL INDONESIA FIRs AND UIRs


IFR/VFR (BELOW FL 200)

EVEN
+500 4500,
6500,8500
FL 145, TO
FL 185

Page 21 of 27

ODD
3000, 5000
7000, 9000
FL 130, TO
FL 190

ATR 72-500 PILOT HANDBOOK


---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

EVEN
4000 6000,
8000, 10000
FL 140, TO
FL 180

ODD
+500, 3500
5500, 7500
9500 TO
FL 195

RVSM AIRSPACE (WithinDesignated Airspace)


IFR (ABOVE FL 200)

EVEN
FLs 220
240
260
TO FL 280
THENFLs 310
350
390
etc

ODD
FLs 210
230
250
TO FL 270
THENFLs 290
330
370
Etc.

FL 300
FL 320
FL 340
FL 360
FL 360
FL 400

FL 290
FL 310
FL 330
FL 350
FL 370
FL 390
FL 410

Standard communication
Distress (Emergency) message
Urgency (Abnormal) message
(a)MAYDAY; MAYDAY; MAYDAY;
(a) PAN PAN; PAN PAN; PAN PAN;
(b) Name of the station addressed (when appropriate and time and circumstances permitting);
(c) Callsign;
(d) Type of aircraft;
(e) Nature of the emergency;
(f) Intention of the person-in-command;

Remember Light Philosophy:


Dark (no light)
Amber
Red
White
Blue
Green

normal operation
caution
emergency
System is off
status (switched temporary ON by crew)
backup (switched temporary ON by system)

Phylosophy; Never hurry; take time to analyze before acting


1.Check system (analysis failure) Four check under taken for failure confirmation;

Page 22 of 27

ATR 72-500 PILOT HANDBOOK


---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

- Control
: system command in logical position? Reset?
- Supply
: supply source(s) available?
- Circuit breakers : C/B pop out?
- Lighting
: bulb(s), digit(s) woking?
2.Reset policy
At PF discretion, one reset of a push button of failed system associated with amber caution
for 3
seconds. Exceptions: LEAKS, LO LEVEL, EEC,PEC,BUS.
3.Circuit breaker policy
In flight
;
re-enggage a tripped c/b only if it is juged safe continuation of flight n
recorded in maintenance logbook
On the ground ;
re-enggage c/b provided coordinated with the maintenance team
4.Checklist priority
EMERGENCY-NORMAL-ABNORMAL
Sum up / Decision / Information
SUM UP once C/L is complete PF sum up situation by taking into account three following
aspect: T.O.C
Technical assessment: consider consequences of a failure on systems (fuel, electrical,

hydraulic, air cond) (helped by pressing RCL push button).


Operational assessment: consider the possibility to land at destination or alternate
depending on failure type (i.e degraded anti-icing system and icing conditions
reported at destination)
Commercial assesement: consider passenger or crew casualties (e.g.:
depressurization) and also in case of diversion, capacity to bring back passenger to
destination airport (train, bus), in accordance with operator policy.
DECISION After performing the assessment, PF is able to suggest a decision, validated
by Captain
CREW MUST ASSESS BEFORE MAKING A DECISION
INFORMATION
PF and PNF plan together the consequences of failure(s) encountered.
Then PNF inform, if necessary:
- ATC
- Passengers
- Flight Attendant
- Airline flight operations

Windshear
Recovery procedure at take off:
- Delay the take off, if a low windshear is reported, calculate VR,V2 at the
maximum take-off weight available fo the day.
- If windshear is experienced, do not change the configuration until safe speed and
altitude are reached regardless of FD indication, increase pitch to 10degree.
- When clear of obstacles, accelerat as much as possible and clear up the aircraft.
- Climb at the normal climb speed.
Recovery procedure during an approach:
Page 23 of 27

ATR 72-500 PILOT HANDBOOK


---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Initiate a normal go around procedure then increase to 10* pitch, regardless of FD


indication.
Be aware of stick pusher.
Do not retract LDG Gear.
When positively climbing at a safe altitude, retract the gear and complete the go
around procedure. (by two inst at least 5.,cx v/s increase)

Unusual attitude recovery


1.Stall Recovery, pls refer to AFM 4.05 p7, check-list!
- Nose lower
- Set Power
- Flaps 15* (if a/c is in ldg config.,do not retract flaps to 15*)
2.Bounce Landing, NEVER push forward ctr column, do not try land, PERFORM G/A:
- GA pitch
- Set Power
- Flaps ONE NOTCH, when speed > Vga
3.Hazardous positions; These flight maneuvers are the best procedure (extreme bank
angle or extreme pitch att)
- May be encountered by flying into large aircraft wake vortex, a rotor downwind
of a mountain range, sever turbulence or mechanical failure, etc
NOSE UP:
- Eyebrow guidance to nose down
- Simultaneously max power let nose lower (follow eyebrow if it appears)
- With nose below horizon: roll out, stop descend, adjust power
NOSE DOWN:
- Eyebrow guidance to nose up
- Simultaneously power to flight idle/ level wings
- Pull back smoothly (follow eyebrow if it appear)
- With nose on horizon: stabilize, adjust power
Wake turbulence (turbulence encountered during approach or take off)
ATR BEHIND
APPROACH
TAKE OFF
LIGHT/MEDIUM
3 NM
EXPECT TIME
(2,5 NM according ATC)
SEPARATION: 2 to 3 Min
HEAVY (>136 T)
4 NM (B-747)
ACCORDING ICAO DOC 4444
Incapacitation
RECOGNITION:
If crew member does not respond appropriately to two verbal communication and
comm.associated with a significant deviation from a standard flight profile
Other symptoms beginning active incap are:
- Incoherent speech
- Stranger behavior
- Irregular breathing
- Pale fixed facial expression
- Jerky motion that are either delayed or too rapid
Page 24 of 27

ATR 72-500 PILOT HANDBOOK


---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ACTION:
FLIGHT; Handling pilot shall following sequence n cx-list, use A/P n headset, safe flight
path n announce I have control.
INCAPACITATION; must ensure incapacitated pilot cannot interfere with a/c control, call
f.a to lock the sick pilot on his crew seat, f/a apply relevant procedure to unlock the
system n provide first aid.
ORGANISATION AND COMMUNICATION;
Land asap on an adequate airport (priority landing) n req.medical assistance in flight;
MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY, (CALLSIGN) EXPERIENCE CREW
INCAPACITATION , REQ.MEDICAL ASSISTANCE ON LANDING
Terrain Avoidance Warning
A go-arround shall be initiated if the cause of the warning cannot be identified
immediately.
WHOOP WHOOP PULL UP-TERRAIN TERRAIN, TOO LOW TERRAIN
AHEAD, PULL UP, OBSTACLE AHEAD, PULL UP
- PL 1+2.GO ARROUND POWER
- AUTO PILOT.OFF
- CLIMB or GO around initiate
- Maintain wings leveled (Fly Pitch stick shacker / stall speed)
SINK RATE; Increasepitch n power to make the warning cease.
DONT SINK; Adjust pitch n power to maintain altitude or a positive climb gradient.
TOO LOW GEAR-TOO LOW FLAPS; Adapt aircraft configuration or perform G/A
GLIDE SLOPE; Resume (kembali) ke flight path to glide slope, or depress one of the
two GPWS/GS push-buttons if approach is intentionnaly performed under glide slope.
TERRAIN AHEAD; Change flight path to avoid obstacle n make dwarning cease/stop

TCAS
Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System : TA and RA.
TA : Traffic Advisory indicate if it is climbing descending at greater than 500 feet per
minute. TCAS will display a TA when CPA (Closest point of approach) is between 20 and
49 seconds with aural alert TRAFFIC, TRAFFIC.
RA : CORRECTIVE ACTION TO DO
A TA may become a RA within 15 seconds

Page 25 of 27

ATR 72-500 PILOT HANDBOOK


---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A typical TCAS II maneuver requires crew response within 5 seconds and Gforces +/- 0.25G (karena persyaratan dari G-forces, RA tidak menanggapi apabl
memakai A/P, mk A/P harus dimatikan dulu sebelumnya utk menanggapi RA.
Flight events

PNF

WHEN RESOLUTION
OCCURS
DO : ATC CALL

WHEN CLEAR OF CONFLICT

IF CLIMB :
PWR MGT..MCT
SEAT BELT..ON
DO : ATCCALL

PF
DO : AP DISCONNECT
ANN : I HAVE CONTROL
DO : PITCH.. INITIALY +/- 3
VSI GREEN ARC FOLLOW
POWER AS REQIURED
DO :
FLIGHT PATHRETURN TO
INITIAL FL
AP.ENGAGED

DO NOT FOLLOW F/D N NOT OVER REACTION A R/A


XXX CTRL-CALL SIGN-TCAS CLIMB/DESCEND(ROGER), XXX CTRLCALL SIGN- CLEAR OF CONFLICT RESUME TO FL/ALT (ROGEROR
INSTRUCTIONS)

APM ( Aircraft Performance Monitoring)


APM allows improved ice accretion monitoring n enable to compare the aircraft
theoretical drag with the in flight drag compute with the measure parameters, and
therefore to detect if an abnormal loss of aircraft performance occurs.
CRUISE SPEED LOW (QRH normal procedure)
The speed in cruise is monitored and if an abnormal increase in drag induce
(menyebabkan) an abnormal speed decrease of more than 10kts compare to the expected
one, this message light on.
DEGRADED PERF. (QRH following failure procedure)
In crz or in climb,if an abnormal drag increase induce (menyebakan) a speed decrease or
a loss of rate of climb, this alert is triggered in association with a single chime and a
master CAUTION on the attention getter. In cruise, this occurs right after the CRUISE
LOW SPEED.
INCREASE SPEED (QRH following failure procedure)
In cruise, climbor descend, if the drag is abnormally high and that IAS is lower the MSIS
(Minimum Severe Icing Speed equivalent to red bug +10kts), this message flashes in
association with a single chime and a master CAUTION on the attention getter. This
occurs right after the DEGRADED PERF.
Cabin Briefing
1
2
3
4
5
6
Page 26 of 27

Perkenalan post.masing2
Document2; - Rating masing2 (TAC)
- PASPOR
Revised/ schedule? Gmn? (Jam brp, hr ke brp dll)
Status pesawat (Reg,Parking, Type, Karakter, DMI)
Estimate pswt (delay/tidak) pswt drmn?
Flight Planed; Cuaca/menyangkut seving.

ATR 72-500 PILOT HANDBOOK


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# Company policy;
- Keep smile face
- Embark and Disembark
- Connecting pax
- Akibat keterlambatan
# Termasuk barang2 yg volumenta besar, jika tdk cukup minta Ground
staff taruh di bagasi.
8 Cabin Maintenance Cx
Ex. Door Emg. Cx secar fisik bisa operate atau tidak?
Emg. Brief; On Grd, Evac 5 syarat?
In Flt.
9 Bomb Treatment COM
Hi jack COM, plus Hi jack code i.e Spagety (its not on board)
7500)
Unpressurized COM 7700 )
Comm. Fail (COM 7600, VFR 1200)

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