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Italy Greece Spain Monte Carlo, Monaco
Italy is a democratic republic
Italy is a long boot-shaped peninsula, surrounded on the west by the Tyrrhenian Sea and on the east by the Adriatic Sea
It is bounded by France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia to the north.
Capital – ROMA Currency – Euro (Italian Lira)
Language – Italian, English
Basic vocabulary in Italian:
Hello – Ciao Good day – Buon giorno Good evening – Buona sera Good bye – Arrivederci Thank you – Grazie How much does it cost? – Quanto costa? Where is the restroom? – Dov’e la toilette? Excuse me/I am sorry - Scusi / Mi dispiace Yes – Si No – No
Rome cruises depart from nearby Civitavecchia.
The first settlements in the Rome area can be traced back to the early Etruscan civilization. Rome grew to rule a vast empire and, as the empire began to divide, the city became the center of the Christian world. Artists and architects flocked to work for the popes and other notables in the Renaissance and Baroque periods.
The country's largest and most populous city. It is the third most-visited tourist destination
A city of cultural and political importance. Rome is famous for her huge and majestic squares.
Places of Interest
One of the symbols of Rome. The largest amphitheatre ever built in the Roman Empire Originally capable of seating 60,000 spectators. The Colosseum hosted spectacular games that included gladiator exhibitions, fights between animals, prisoner executions and - strangely enough - naval battles. Untold thousands of humans and animals met their ends in this historic place.
The Vatican City, one of the European Microstates, is situated on the Vatican Hill in the west-central part of Rome.
Its borders (3.2 kilometers in total) closely follow the city wall constructed to protect the Pope from outside attack. The Vatican City is the smallest sovereign state in the world at 0.44 square kilometres.
ST. PETER’S BASILICA
Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano is commonly known as St. Peter's Basilica.
One of the four major basilicas of Rome.
BASILICA OF ST. PETER'S IS THE LIVING HEART OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH
Hours: St. Peter's Basilica is open daily, Apr-Sep 7:00-19:00; Oct-Mar 7:00-18:00
The Dress Code is strictly enforced at St. Peter's Basilica. No shorts, bare shoulders or miniskirts. This applies to both men and women. Even if you get through security, you will be turned away by the attendants at the door.
Scavi Tour (St. Peter's Tomb) This 90 min. tour into the Excavations of the Necropolis (City of the Dead) underneath St. Peter's, is one of the most interesting in all of Rome.
Seeing the Pope On Sundays at noon, the pope usually (if he's in town) appears at the second window from the right of the Apostolic Palace, to pray the Angelus and bless the crowd in the Square. Benedict XVI has continued this tradition, no ticket required. Otherwise, you can attend the Wednesday General Audience held in St Peter's Square. In winter the audience is held in the Paul VI Hall accessed just to the left of the Square. Tickets are required for the Audience, but are easily obtained.
The Sistine Chapel is part of the Vatican Museums The pope’s residence
Entrance tickets to the Vatican Museums and the Sistine Chapel
The admission ticket to the Vatican Museums is valid for visiting the Vatican Museums and the Sistine Chapel only on the date of purchase. It is also valid for entrance to the Vatican Historical Museum and Noble Apartment of the Lateran Apostolic Palace.
Tickets are not refundable. Regular Euro 14,00 Reduced Euro 8,00 Special Euro 4,00
Temple of all the Gods The original Pantheon was a rectangular temple built by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, son-in-law of Augustus, the first Roman emperor, as part of a district renewal plan in 27-25 BC. It's still the largest masonry dome in the world.
The Pantheon is open from 8:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. Monday to Saturday, from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. on Sunday, and 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. on holidays that fall on weekdays except for Christmas Day, New Year's Day and May 1, when it is closed. Admission is free.
The Pantheon is considered to be the best preserved building of ancient Roman architecture.
The Roman landmark. The largest and most ambitious of the Baroque fountains of Rome. Coin throwing A traditional legend holds that if visitors throw a coin into the fountain, they are ensured a return to Rome. Among those who are unaware that the "three coins" of Three Coins in the Fountain were thrown by three different individuals, a reported current interpretation is that two coins will lead to a new romance and three will ensure either a marriage or divorce. A reported current version of this legend is that it is lucky to throw three coins with one's right hand over one's left shoulder into the Trevi Fountain. Approximately 3,000 Euros are thrown into the fountain each day and are collected at night. The money has been used to subsidize a supermarket for Rome's needy. However, there are regular attempts to steal coins from the fountain, including some using a magnetized pole.
Venice has been known as the "City of Water", "City of Bridges", and "The City of Light".
It is considered by many to be one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Venice is world-famous for its canals.
It is built on an archipelago of 118 islands formed by about 150 canals in a shallow lagoon. The islands on which the city is built are connected by about 400 bridges.
The canals serve the function of roads, and every form of transport is on water or on foot. Venice is Europe's largest urban car free area.
The classical Venetian boat is the gondola.
Most Venetians now travel by motorized waterbuses (vaporetti) which ply regular routes along the major canals and between the city's islands.
Visitors can also take the water taxis between areas of the city.
Places of Interests:
Scuola Grande di San Marco
One of the largest squares in the city.
In 1819 it became an Austrian military hospital. It is now a civil hospital.
Piazza San Marco
Also known as St Mark's Square, is the principal square of Venice, Italy.
The central landmark and gathering place for Venice, Piazza San Marco is extremely popular with tourist, photographers and Venetian pigeons.
Saint Mark's Basilica (Basilica di San Marco a Venezia),
The cathedral of Venice, is the most famous of the city's churches and one of the best known examples of Byzantine architecture. It lies on St. Mark’s Square.
The Doge's Palace
a gothic palace in Venice. In Italian it is called the Palazzo Ducale di Venezia. The palace was the residence of the Doge of Venice. the palace housed political institutions of the Republic of Venice until the Napoleonic occupation of the city. The building is preserved as a museum. Inside the visitor can see paintings by Tintoretto and Veronese, which glorify the Venetian state.
The Grand Canal
the most important canal in Venice, Italy. It forms one of the major watertraffic corridors in the city. Public transport is provided by water buses and private water taxis, but many tourists visit it by gondola. At one end the canal leads into the lagoon near Santa Lucia railway station and the other end leads into : in between it makes a large S-shape through the central districts ("sestieri") of Venice.
The Rialto Bridge (Ponte di Rialto) is one of the three bridges spanning the Grand Canal in Venice, Italy. It is the oldest bridge across the canal and probably the most famous in the city.
View of San Giorgio Maggiore Island from St. Mark's Campanile
an island in the Venetian Lagoon, although like Venice itself it is actually an archipelago of islands linked by bridges.
It lies about a mile north of Venice and is famous for its glass making, particularly lampworking.
Murano is home to the or Glass Museum in the Palazzo Giustinian, which holds displays on the history of glassmaking as well as glass samples ranging from Egyptian times through the present day.
an island in the Venetian Lagoon known for its small, brightly-painted houses. Center of lace making industry known as the Museum & School of Lace Making.
a historic city in southern Italy, the capital of the Campania region and the province of Naples. The city is noted for its rich history, art, culture and gastronomy.
Naples is located halfway between two volcanic areas, the volcano Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields, sitting on the coast by the Gulf of Naples.
A striking feature of Naples is the fact that it has 448 historical churches, making it one of the most Catholic cities in the world. Naples is the second most populated in Italy and one of the largest in all of Europe.
PLACES OF INTERESTS: CASTEL NUOVO
also called Maschio Angioino, is a castle in the city of Naples, southern Italy. It is the main symbol of the architecture of the city. Castel Nuovo has been expanded or renovated several times since it was first begun in 1279.
the castle was reduced from residence to an important military fortress in 1494.
The castle was again used as a residence by Charles III, who became King of Naples in 1734. The last restoration of Castel Nuovo was in 1823.
Museo Archeologico Nazionale
The Naples National Archaeological Museum is located in Naples, Italy, at the northwest corner of the original Greek wall of the city of Neapolis. The museum contains a large collection of Roman artifacts from Pompeii, Stabiae and Herculaneum. The collection includes works of the highest quality produced in Greek, Roman and Renaissance times. The museum's includes a number of important mosaics recovered from the ruins of Pompeii and the other Vesuvian cities.
Or the Cathedral of Naples is the main church of Naples, southern Italy. It is dedicated to San Gennaro (St. Januarius), the city's patron. The church houses a vial of the Saint's blood that is brought out twice a year, on the first Saturday in May and 19 September, and usually liquefies. According to legend if the blood should fail to liquefy, then something bad will happen to Naples.
Museo di Capodimonte
The Palace and Museum of Capodimonte is a grand Bourbon palazzo in Naples, Italy, formerly the summer residence of the kings of the Two Sicilies.
It houses the main museum and art gallery of the city.
is a public gallery in Naples, southern Italy. It is located directly across from the San Carlo opera house. It was built between 1887-1891 designed by Emanuele Rocco. It was meant to combine businesses, shops, cafes and social life — public space — with private space in the apartments on the third floor.
Teatro di San Carlo
is an opera house in Naples, Italy. It is the oldest continuously active such venue in Europe. Teatro di San Carlo is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
is a ruined and partially buried Roman city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania. Along with Herculaneum, its sister city, Pompeii was destroyed, and completely buried, during a catastrophic eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius spanning two days on 24 August 79 AD. The volcano collapsed higher roof-lines and buried Pompeii under many meters of ash and pumice, and it was lost for nearly 1700 years before its accidental rediscovery in 1748. Since then, its excavation has provided an extraordinarily detailed insight into the life of a city at the height of the Roman Empire. Today, it is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Italy and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Pompeii has become a popular tourist destination for centuries ith approximately 2.5 million visitors a year. it is the most popular tourist attraction in Italy. It is now part of a larger Vesuvius National Park and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997.
is an Italian island off the Sorrentine Peninsula, on the south side of the Gulf of Naples. It has been a resort since the time of the Roman Republic. It has two adjoining harbours, Marina Piccola and Marina Grande (the main port of the island).
The Blue Grotto (Grotta Azzurra) is a noted sea cave on the coast of the island of Capri, Italy.
The grotto has a partially submerged opening into the sea, as do other grottoes around the island. Roman emperors with villas on Capri reportedly used the Blue Grotto as a private bath.
The grotto entrance
is a small city in Campania, Italy, with some 16,500 inhabitants. It is a popular tourist destination.
The town can be reached easily from Naples and Pompeii, as it lies at the south-eastern end of the Circumvesuviana rail line.
Sorrento’s central plaza
Sorrento is famous for the production of limoncello, an alcoholic digestif made from lemon rinds, alcohol, water and sugar. Other agricultural production includes citrus fruit, wine, nuts and olives.
Wood craftsmanship is also developed. The Amalfi Drive is the conventional name of a stretch of road which runs along the stretch of the Amalfi Coast between the southern Italian towns of Sorrento and Amalfi.
Spain’s second-largest city and the capital of Catalonia. Europe’s great cities for architectural design.
Currency: Peseta Nationality: Spanish
Places of Interest:
one of the oldest sections of the city from the Romans and medieval times
a fantastic cathedral built between 1298 and 1450.
PLACA DEL REI
A lovely square that embodies the true essence of the Gothic Quarter with its plethora of museums and ancient buildings.
The museum is housed in two 15th century palaces, which chronicles the artist work from childhood to shortly before his death.
PLACA DE CATALUNYA
The business center and transportation hub of the modern city of Barcelona. This placa showcases the Exiample where fantastic examples of Modernist architecture can be found.
TEMPLE EXPIATORI DE LA SEGRADA This fantastic creation is a tribute to the vision and creativity of Antonio Gaudi’s architectural genius – Gaudi is one of Barcelona’s leading proponents of the Modernist movement. His remains are buried in the church’s crypt.
La Rambla is a street in central Barcelona, popular with both tourists and locals alike. A 1.2 kilometer-long tree-lined pedestrian mall between Barri Gotic and El Raval, it connects Placa Catalunya in the center with the Christopher Columbus monument at Port Vell.
Palau de la Música Catalana
A concert hall designed in the Catalan modernista style by the architect Lluis Domenech I Montaner.
It was built in between 1905 and 1908 for the Orfeo Catala, a choral society founded in 1891 that was a leading force in the Catalan cultural movement that came to be known as the Renaixenca (Catalan Rebirth). It was inaugurated February 9, 1908.
Gran Teatre del Liceu
An opera house on La Rambla
The Liceu opened on April 4, 1847.
One of Spain’s oldest settlements and has remained a very important port in Spain. The center for SpanishAmerican trade during the 18th century.
PLACES OF INTERESTS: MUSEO DE CADIZ – the city’s museum that showcases the history of Cadiz.
CATEDRAL NUEVA – a church with perfect, large scale proportions and stone decorations.
SEVILLE – one of Spain’s most exciting cities where the Cathedral of Santa Maria de la Sede. CATHEDRAL OF SANTA MARIA DE LA SEDE – a gothic, neoclassical, Baroque and Moorish architecture. The cathedral is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the cathedral with the greatest area space in the world which measures over 413 feet long, 269 feet wide and 98 feet high. This cathedral is also the final resting place of Christopher Columbus which is prominently displayed at the cathedral’s main entrance.
Málaga is a port city in Andalusia, southern Spain, on the Costa del Sol coast of the Mediterranean. Málaga is surrounded by mountains, lying in the southern base of the Axarquía hills, and two rivers, the - the historic center is located on its left bank - and the Guadalhorce, which flows west of the city into the Mediterranean.
***Birth place of Antonio Banderas
The Holy Week, and the Málaga Fair ("Feria de Málaga") are the two most well-known of Málaga's festivals. The Malaguenos choose the hottest month of the year, August, to celebrate the Feria de Malaga with not only the locals, but in addition to the thousands of tourists who come to see the spectacular sight. The streets are transformed into symbols of Spanish culture and history, with sweet wine, tapas,and live flamenco shows filling the town. The day events consist of live music and dancing, while the night fair is moved to the Palacia de Feria, consisting of restaurants, clubs, and an entire fair ground with rides & games.
Sights in Málaga
Gibralfaro Castle Malaga Walls (Phoenician, Roman, Visigothic, Arab and Spanish remains of the defensive compounds of the city) Flavian Roman Theater Alcazaba (Arabic for fortress) the palace of the governors of the city.
Calle Larios is the main street in the city.
The Alcazaba and the Roman theatre
is the largest island of Spain. It is located in the Mediterranean Sea and part of the Balearic Islands archipelago. The name derives from Latin insula maior, "larger island"; later Maiorica. The capital of the island, Palma, is also the capital of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. The anthem of Majorca is La Balanguera. the island is a popular tourist destination.
Attractions Bellver Castle (Catalan: Castell de Bellver)
is a circular castle on a hill near Palma de Mallorca on the Island of Majorca, Balearic Islands. It was built in the 14th century for King James II of Aragon. It was used as a military prison during the 18th and 19th centuries. Now it is one of the main tourist attractions of the island. It was used as a prison in the 1950s, a period where many people where still being prosecuted for their loyalty and commitment to the Republic during the Spanish Civil War 1936-39. The intellectual and writer Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos was one of the most famous prisoners of the castle.
Cuevas del Drach
The famous cave in Majorca where Martel Lake is situated, the largest underground lake in the world.
is a Christian Cathedral located in Palma de Mallorca, Spain, was built on the site of an existing Arab mosque.
The Cathedral is 121 metres long, 55 metres wide and 44 meters of nave height. The Cathedral, designed in Spanish Levantino Gothic or southern French Gothic style with influences of the north European gothic. It was founded by King James I of Aragon in 1229 but finished only in 1601.
La Seu cathedral
Jardines del Buen Retiro / Parque del Buen Retiro
Or simply El Retiro, the "Lungs of Madrid‖ The main park of the city of Madrid, Spain.
Calle de Alcalá
The longest street in Madrid.
Santa María la Real de La Almudena A Catholic Cathedral in Madrid, Spain.
The Puerta del Sol
(Spanish for "Gate of the Sun―) one of the most well known and busiest places in Madrid. The square also contains the famous clock whose bells mark the traditional eating of the Twelve Grapes and the beginning of a new year. The New Year's celebration has been broadcast live on TV since 31 December 1962.
Madrid City Hall
Temple of Debod An ancient Egyptian temple which was rebuilt in Madrid, Spain.
is an island located in the Mediterranean Sea about 80 km off the coast of Spain. It is the third largest of the Balearic Islands autonomous community (Spain).
The island of Ibiza is well-known for its summer club parties which attract large numbers of tourists, but the island and the Spanish Tourist Office have been working to shed the prevailing "sex-and-alcohol" image in order to promote more family-oriented tourism.
It is also home to the 'West End' party district of Sant Antoni, a popular stop for many tourists.
World Heritage Site
large portions of the island are registered as U.N. World Heritage Sites, and thus protected from the development and commercialization of the main cities. A notable example includes "God's Finger" in the Benirràs Bay as well as some of the more traditional Ibicenco cultural sites. Because of its rustic beauty, companies and artists alike frequently use the island for photographic and film shoots. A monument ("The Egg") erected in honour of Christopher Columbus can be found in Sant Antoni: Ibiza is one of several places purporting to be his birthplace. However, any time other than summer, the whole island is empty of tourists and most clubs are not open. Tourists who plan to travel to the island prior to June or after September should expect a quieter time with more unsettled weather.
The Egg is the best known landmark in Sant Antoni, located in the centre of the main roundabout at the entrance to the town. The Egg is a statue erected in the early 1990s to commemorate the local claim of having been the birth place of Christopher Columbus (there is a similar claim that Hannibal was born in the region). The statue is in the shape of an egg, containing at its centre a model of his ship; the Santa Maria. The choice of an egg comes from a story about Columbus, who when seeking funding for his Western route to the Indies, was told it was impossible. He then allegedly asked if standing an egg upright was impossible, and when told that it was, he cracked the base of an egg, thus making it possible for it to stand upright. He was then granted funding.
the capital and largest city of Greece one of the world's oldest cities, its recorded history spans at least 3,000 years. Athens has twice played host to the summer Olympic Games: in 1896 and in 2004. The 2004 Summer Olympics inspired the development of the Athens Olympic Stadium, which has gained a reputation as one of the most beautiful in the world.
The refurbished Athens Olympic Stadium was the site of the 2004 Olympic Games
is a temple of the Greek goddess Athena, built in the 5th century BC on the Athenian Acropolis. It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece, generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the Doric order. Its decorative sculptures are considered one of the high points of Greek art.
The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of ancient Greece and of Athenian democracy, and is one of the world's greatest cultural monuments.
The Acropolis of Athens
is the best known acropolis (high city, The "Sacred Rock") in the world.
The Acropolis was formally proclaimed as the pre-eminent monument on the European Cultural Heritage list of monuments on 26 March 2007. The Acropolis is a flat-topped rock which rises 150 m (490 ft) above sea level in the city of Athens. It was also known as Cecropia, after the legendary serpent-man, Kekrops or Cecrops, the first Athenian king.
is the picturesque old historical neighbourhood of Athens, clustered around the northern and eastern slopes of the Acropolis, and incorporating labyrinthine streets and neoclassical architecture.
Plaka is built on top of the residential areas of the ancient town of Athens.
It is visited by hundreds of thousands of tourists around the year, and is under strict zoning and conservation regulations, being the only neighborhood in Athens where all utilities (water, power, cable television, telephone, internet, and sewage) lie underground in fully accessible, custom-made tunnelling.
Motor vehicles are not allowed in Plaka, and most streets are narrow enough, not being able to accommodate them anyway.
Museums in Plaka include the new Jewish Museum of Greece, the Greek Folk Art Museum and the Frissiras Museum. Excavations have proven that is the oldest street in Athens still in continuous use with the exact same layout since antiquity.
is the principal city of the Greek island of Rhodes, in southeastern Aegean Sea and the capital of the Dodecanese prefecture.
Its has a population of approximately 80,000. Rhodes has been famous since antiquity as the site of Colossus of Rhodes, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The citadel of Rhodes, built by the Hospitalliers, is one of the best preserved medieval towns in Europe which in 1988 was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The City of Rhodes is a popular international tourist destination.
Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes
is a palace in the town of Rhodes, on the island of Rhodes in Greece.
The palace was built in the 14th century by the Knights of Rhodes (now officially known as the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes, and of Malta), who occupied Rhodes from 1309 to 1522. After the island was captured by the Ottoman Empire, the palace was used as a fortress.
Entrance gate to the Medieval section of the city.
Old town of Rhodes
The Avenue of the Knights in the medieval section of the city.
Colossus of Rhodes
was a colossus of the Greek god Helios, erected on the Greek island of Rhodes by Chares of Lindos between 292 and 280 BC. It is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Before its destruction, the Colossus of Rhodes stood over 30 meters (107 ft) high, making it one of the tallest statues of the ancient world.
The statue was depicting the protector of the city of Rhodes, the God Helios (Sun), naked with a crown of rays around the head. On the right hand of the statue there was a lamp with fire, or a torch. It was the tallest statue of the ancient world, standing at over 30 meters of height. The design, posture and dimensions of the statue of Liberty (33m) are based on the descriptions about Colossus.
It is known that the statue stood in its place for only 54 years. During the earthquake of the year 226 BC the statue collapsed and snapped at the height of the knees with the remains falling on the ground. The King Ptolemy III offered to pay for the reconstruction of the statue, but the oracle of Delphi made the Rhodians afraid that they had offended Helios, and they declined to rebuild it. The remains stayed lying on the ground for over 800 years and it seems that they were still impressive as many traveled to see them.
is a small, circular archipelago of volcanic islands located in the southern Aegean Sea, about 200 km southeast from Greece's mainland. It is also known as Thera, forming the southernmost member of the Cyclades group of islands.
Santorini is essentially what remains of an enormous volcanic explosion, destroying the earliest settlements on what was formerly a single island, and leading to the creation of the current geological caldera. Its spectacular physical beauty, along with a dynamic nightlife, have made the island one of Europe's tourist hotspots.
Santorini was united with Greece in 1912. Its major settlements include Fira (Phira), Oia, Emporio, Pyrgos, and Therasia. Akrotiri is a major archaeological site, with ruins from the Minoan era.
Santorini's primary industry is tourism, particularly in the summer months. The island's pumice quarries have been closed since 1986, in order to preserve the caldera.
Santorini has no rivers, and water is scarce.
The island remains the home of a small, but flourishing, wine industry, based on the indigenous grape variety, Assyrtiko. Vines of the Assyrtiko variety are extremely old and prove resistant to phylloxera, attributed by local winemakers to the well-drained volcanic soil and its chemistry, and the soil needed no replacement during the great phylloxera epidemic of the early 20th century. In their adaptation to their habitat, such vines are planted far apart, as their principal source of moisture is dew, and they often are trained in the shape of low-spiralling baskets, with the grapes hanging inside to protect them from the winds. Also unique to the island is the red, sweet, and extremely strong Vinsanto. White wines from the island are extremely dry with a strong, citrus scent, and the ashy volcanic soil gives the white wines a slightly sulphurous flavour much like Vinsanto. It is not easy to be a winegrower in Santorini; the hot and dry climatological conditions give the soil a low productivity. The yield per acre is only 10 to 20% of the yields that are common in France and California.
Santorini's famous Red Beach.
Stairway in Fira, Santorini
located in Western Europe and that also comprises various overseas islands and territories located in other continents. a unitary semi-presidential republic. Its main ideals are expressed in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.
France is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra, and Spain.
With an estimated population of 64.5 million people, France is the 19th most populous country in the world. France's largest cities are Paris, Marseille, Lyon, Lille, Toulouse, Nice, and Nantes.
is the capital of France and the country's largest city.
one of the world's leading business and cultural centres, and its influence in politics, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.
Paris is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world, with over 30 million foreign visitors per year.
The Eiffel Tower
is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the Seine River in Paris. The tower has become a global icon of France and is one of the most recognizable structures in the world.
Named after its designer, engineer Gustave Eiffel, the Eiffel Tower is the tallest building in Paris.
The skyscraper business district of La Défense.
Arc de Triomphe
is a monument in Paris, France that stands in the centre of the Place Charles de Gaulle, also known as the Place de l'Étoile. It is at the western end of the ChampsÉlysées.
The triumphal arch honors those who fought for France, particularly during the Napoleonic Wars.
On the inside and the top of the arc there are all of the names of generals and wars fought. Underneath is the tomb of the unknown soldier from World War I.
Place de la Concorde
is one of the major squares in Paris, France.
It is located in the city's eighth arrondissement, at the eastern end of the Champs-Élysées.
The Place was designed by AngeJacques Gabriel in 1755
Jardin du Luxembourg
is the largest public park located in Paris, France.
Luxembourg is the garden of the French Senate, which is itself housed in the Luxembourg Palace.
These gardens include a large fencedin playground that is very popular with local young children and their parents.
also known as the Opéra de Paris or Opéra Garnier, but more commonly as the Paris Opéra, is a 2,200-seat opera house in Paris, France. A grand landmark designed by Charles Garnier in the Neo-Baroque style, it is regarded as one of the architectural masterpieces of its time.
The Grand Escalier in the main hall
The Grand Salle of the Palais Garnier, with a view of the stage's luxuriant faux curtain
Notre Dame de Paris
A Gothic Cathedral in Paris, France.
The seat of the Archbishop of the city.
Notre Dame de Paris is widely considered one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture.
Stade de France
is a stadium in Saint-Denis, France in the inner suburbs of Paris. It has a capacity of around 80,000.
The stadium is currently used for the French rugby union team during the Six Nations and other internationals.
is a city in the northwest region of France situated on the right bank of the mouth of the Seine River. The inhabitants of the city are called Havrais or Havraises.
It is the most populous commune in the Haute-Normandie region and the largest sub-prefecture in France.
Le Havre was honored with the Legion of Honor award on July 18, 1949.
UNESCO declared the city center of Le Havre a World Heritage Site on July 15, 2005, in honoring the "innovative utilization of concrete's potential." The 133-hectare space that represents, according to UNESCO, "an exceptional example of architecture and town planning of the post-war era," is one of the rare contemporary World Heritage Sites in Europe.
Le Havre was heavily bombed during the Second World War. Many historic buildings were lost as a result. Church of St. Joseph
one of the most recognized symbols of the city. The belltower is one of the tallest in France, rising to a height of 106 metres. It was designed by Auguste Perret.
Church of St. Joseph, Le Havre
Musée des Beaux-Arts André Malraux
this museum houses a collection of art spanning the past five centuries, the impressionist paintings collections are the second most extensive in France after theses of Orsay Museum in Paris. There are paintings by Claude Monet and other artists who lived and worked in Normandy.
One of the museum's latest purchases is Vague, par temps d'orage by Gustave Courbet.
The collection of Olivier Senn (1864-1959), given to the museum in 2004, contains more than 205 paintings.
is a city in southern France located on the Mediterranean coast, between Marseille, France, and Genoa, Italy, with 1,197,751 inhabitants in the metropolitan area at the 2007 estimate.
The city is a major tourist centre and a leading resort on the French Riviera (Côte d'Azur).
It is the historical capital city of the County of Nice.
Places of Interests
Promenade des Anglais
La Prom - on Sundays, bicyclists, baby strollers, and whole families can be seen out for a stroll along the Promenade. It has also become a favorite place for skateboarders and in-line skaters.
In 2003 the Hotel Negresco was listed by the government of France as a National Historic Building and is a member of Leading Hotels of the World. The Negresco has a total of 119 guest rooms plus 22 suites.
named for (1868-1920) who had the palatial hotel constructed in 1912.
Russian Orthodox Cathedral, Nice (Cathédrale Orthodoxe Russe Saint-Nicolas de Nice) is a Russian Orthodox cathedral, and a national monument of France, located in the city of Nice. Built in 1859, it claims to be the oldest Russian cathedral in Western Europe. There is currently an ownership dispute between the parish and the Russian government.
(Cathédrale Sainte-Réparate de Nice)
is a Roman Catholic cathedral in the city of Nice, France.
It is the seat of the Bishop of Nice.
It is dedicated to Saint Reparata, the patron saint of Nice.
is the second-largest city of France and forms the third-largest metropolitan area, after those of Paris and Lyon, with a population recorded to be 1,516,340 at the 1999 census and estimated to be 1,605,000 in 2007. Located on the south east coast of France on the Mediterranean Sea, Marseille is France's largest commercial port.
Marseille is the administrative capital (préfecture de région) of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, as well as the administrative capital (préfecture départementale) of the Bouches-duRhône department. Its inhabitants are called Marseillais.
Marseille is the largest and most populous commune in France after Paris and is the centre of the third largest metropolitan area in France.
La Vieille Charité
an architecturally significant building designed by the Puget brothers. The central baroque chapel is situated in a courtyard lined with arcaded galleries. Originally built as an alms house, it is now home to an archeological museum and a gallery of African and Asian art, as well as bookshops and a café.
The Abbey of Saint-Victor
one of the oldest places of Christian worship in France.
Its early fifth century crypt and catacombs occupy the site of a hellenic burial ground, later used for Christian martyrs and venerated ever since. Continuing a medieval tradition, every year at Candlemas a Black Madonna from the crypt is carried in procession along rue Sainte for a blessing from the archbishop, followed by a mass and the distribution of "navettes" and green votive candles.
a former hospital in the Panier, currently being transformed into an InterContinental hotel. Phare de Sainte Marie
a lighthouse on the inlet to the Old Port.
is one of Monaco's various administrative areas, sometimes erroneously believed to be a town or the country's capital. The official capital is Monaco-Ville and covers all quarters of the territory.
Monte-Carlo is known for its casinos, gambling, glamour, and for sightings of famous people.
Monte-Carlo is one of Europe's leading tourist resorts.
Saint Nicholas Cathedral, known also as Monaco Cathedral (French: Cathédrale de Monaco), is the cathedral in Monaco-Ville, Monaco, where many of the Grimaldis were buried, including Grace Kelly and more recently, Rainier III. The cathedral was consecrated in 1875, and is on the site of the first parish church in Monaco built in 1252 and dedicated to St. Nicholas. Of note are the retable (circa 1500) to the right of the transept, the Great Altar and the Episcopal throne in white Carrara marble.
The Napoleon Museum
is a museum of artifacts which once belonged to the French Emperor Napoleon I.
The Oceanographic Museum
is a museum of marine sciences in Monaco-Ville, Monaco.
(or Larvotto Terano) is one of the quartiers of Monaco. It was formerly a part of the traditional quartier of Monte Carlo. Larvotto is also the name of the main public beach in Monaco.
Palais Princier or Monaco Palace
is the official residence of Prince Albert II, head of state of Monaco. It is located in Monaco Ville, on the Rock, in the old town.
An ancient Greek city on the west coast of Anatolia , near present-day Selçuk, Izmir Province, Turkey. It was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League during the Classical Greek Era. In the Roman period, it was for many years the second largest city of the Roman Empire; ranking behind Rome, the empire's capital. Ephesus had a population of more than 250,000 in the 1st century BC, which also made it the second largest city in the world.
The Temple of Artemis
The Library of Celsus - Ephesus
The Sultan Ahmed Mosque
A historical mosque in Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey and the capital of the Ottoman Empire (from 1453 to 1923). The mosque is popularly known as the Blue Mosque for the blue tiles adorning the walls of its interior.
One of the most famous avenues in Istanbul, Turkey, visited by nearly 3 million people in a single day over the course of weekends.
The Bosphorus Bridge
also called the First Bosphorus Bridge is one of the two bridges in Istanbul, Turkey, spanning the Bosphorus strait and thus connecting Europe and Asia (the other one is the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge, which is called the Second Bosphorus Bridge.
The Drottningholm Palace
The private residence of the Swedish royal family.
It was originally built in the late 16th century. It served as a residence of the Swedish royal court for most of the 18th century.
The palace is a popular tourist attraction.
(translated as The Woodland Cemetery) A cemetery located in southern Stockholm, Sweden. Its design reflects the development of architecture from national romantic style to mature functionalism.
The Ericsson Globe
(formerly known as the Stockholm Globe Arena, or nicknamed in Swedish, Globen - "The Globe") The national indoor arena of Sweden, located in the Johanneshov- district of Stockholm (Stockholm Globe City). The Ericsson Globe is currently the largest hemispherical building in the world and took two and a half years to build. It represents the Sun in the Sweden Solar System, the world's largest scale model of the Solar System
(Finnish: Helsingin tuomiokirkko or Suurkirkko, Swedish: Helsingfors domkyrka or Storkyrkan) An Evangelical Lutheran cathedral of the Diocese of Helsinki, located in the centre of Helsinki, Finland. The church was originally built as a tribute to the Grand Duke, Nicholas I, the Tsar of Russia and until the independence of Finland in 1917, it was called St. Nicholas' Church.
An inhabited sea fortress built on six islands (Kustaanmiekka, Susisaari, Iso-Mustasaari, Pikku-Mustasaari, Länsi-Mustasaari and Långören) Suomenlinna is a UNESCO World Heritage site and popular with both tourists and locals, who enjoy it as a picturesque picnic site. Originally named Sveaborg (Fortress of Svea), or Viapori as called by Finns, it was renamed Suomenlinna (Castle of Finland) in 1918 for patriotic and nationalistic reasons.
Helsinki Central railway station
a contemporary art museum located at the heart of Helsinki.
The biggest shopping mall in the Nordic countries.
Walls of Dubrovnik
Denmark is a small country, about three times the size of Long Island, with a population two-thirds as big as New York City’s. It is located in Western Europe, north of Germany and west of Sweden.
Denmark is in northern Europe.
Official Name: Kingdom of Denmark
Capital: København (Copenhagen)
Currency: krone (crown)
Major Tourist Attractions
The Little Mermaid
The statue of the Little Mermaid, made in 1913, was inspired by Hans Christian Andersen’s fairy tale of the same name. This elegant bronze monument, located along the waterfront, is undoubtedly the country’s best-known attraction, attracting millions of camera-wielding tourists each year. Twice the Little Mermaid has been decapitated by pranksters, but the original molds still survive, so each time a new head was cast and the statue was restored.
Tivoli is the name of the world- famous amusement park in downtown Copenhagen. Founded in 1843, the park has been visited by 270 million fun-seekers in its lifetime. Thousands of flower bulbs are planted each year to cover the 20-acre site, which abounds in snack bars, restaurants, rides, and games. Tivoli is a clean and cheerful place, offering everything from cotton candy and nightly fireworks to classical music and pantomime.
This site features towns and landscapes from around the globe (including the Mount Rushmore memorial), built using a total of 45 million Le go bricks! Legoland also has an amusement park, and its Doll Museum attracts doll lovers from all over the world.
Home of the Danish queen, Amalienborg lacks the gold trimmings to be described as truly palatial, but is nonetheless impressive with its spacious, open, and stately square. A number of the rooms are open to the public, featuring the original interiors of the private chambers and a fine display of precious gems belonging to the royal family.
Denmark is governed from Christiansborg, on the isle of Slotsholmen in the middle of Copenhagen. Most of the government’s 24 ministries are located here, but some have run out of space and moved elsewhere. Fire and reconstruction have taken their toll over the years, as the current Christiansborg complex is the sixth castle or palace on the site since 1167.
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