Renewable Energy

http://www.iee-library.eu

Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks on

Renewable Energy

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Energy Audits
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Authors/editors: Carolina VALSECCHI (IEEP), Emma WATKINS (IEEP), Joana CHIAVARI (IEEP), Peter HJERP (IEEP), Kristof GEERAERTS (IEEP), Kaire KOTSALAINEN (IEEP), Eamon O’HARA (AEIDL), Nora SCHIESSLER (AEIDL), Joao SILVA (AEIDL), Eveline DURIEUX (AEIDL), Tanya TREACY (AEIDL), Julia BAILLY (Prospect C&S), Emiel HANEKAMP (Prospect C&S), Boris SUCIC (Prospect C&S), Florian Paul BODESCU (Prospect C&S), Jaroslav JAKUBES (Prospect C&S), Eva MICHALENA (Prospect C&S), Sulev SOOSAAR (Prospect C&S), Daniela SIMOVA (Prospect C&S), Andrzej RAJIKIEWICZ (Prospect C&S), Marta SZABO (Prospect C&S). Graphic design: Daniel RENDERS, Anita CORTÉS Acknowledgements: The team wishes to thank all the project coordinators that have agreed to give us copyright clearance for the reproduction of tools and guidebooks in the IEe-library. Thanks to Brandon Lee, Megan Lewis, Mairi Brookes and Ang Zhao for their support. In addition, we wish to thank all the energy agencies that have pointed us to relevant tools and guidebooks for this e-library. The responsibility for the content of this publication lies with the authors. It does not necessarily represent the opinion of the European Community or of the EACI. Neither the European Community nor the EACI are responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained herein. The information contained in the publication is given for information purposes only and does not legally bind any of the parties involved. ISBN 978-92-9202-042-2 DOI: 10.2826/10792

© Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation (EACI) & European Communities 2008

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Renewable Energy

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Introduction

Renewable Energy

Welcome to the Intelligent Energy e-library (IEe-library)

Why an Intelligent Energy e-library?
Climate change and security of energy supply are two major challenges needing urgent action from the EU. They have common causes and common solutions. Leading the way on a response to both these challenges, European Heads of State and Government signed up in March 2007 to binding targets for 2020: to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20%; to meet 20% of the EU’s energy needs from renewable sources; to source 10% of transport fuels from renewable sources; and to improve energy efficiency by 20%. The implementation of EU and national climate change and energy policies requires measures to support activity ‘on the ground’, enabling actors across Europe to tap into sustainable energy business opportunities and jobs, opening markets for new technologies, and making Europe’s economy more competitive. The IEe-library is the result of work by the Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation (EACI) to bring together in one place a range of relevant tools and guidebooks on energy efficiency, renewable energy applications and sustainable mobility. It includes items funded under the Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE) programme and a selection of instruments picked from over 2,500 EU funded projects (under Altener and Save, CIVITAS, Structural and regional funds, LIFE, RTD 2002-2006 and Phare). In addition, nationally and regionally funded tools and guidebooks have been included from the EU 27 Member States, Norway, Croatia, Iceland, the US, Canada and some international organisations. The aim of this inventory is to disseminate good practice, advice and practical instruments throughout Europe and beyond. Here businesses, energy professionals, researchers and policymakers alike can profit from a wide range of freely available material to help them in their everyday work. The IEe-library will also be a good starting point for (future) applicants and contractors to the IEE programme, to allow their projects to save time and costs by profiting from available tools and guidebooks rather than duplicating them. All the tools and guidebooks included in this inventory are available free, ready to download and use. Most are in English, but many are also available in other European languages.

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Introduction
How is the IEe-library structured?
This is one of four publications listing tools and guidebooks included in the free online IEe-library. This publication focuses on renewable energy and includes tools and guidebooks aimed at facilitating the dissemination of renewable heating and cooling technologies, small scale renewables and biofuels applications. To facilitate quick browsing, tools and guidebooks have been organised into specific technology sub-categories wherever appropriate: biogas, biomass, geothermal, mini wind, renewable integration into buildings, small hydro, solar and transport biofuels (supply side). In the three other publications in this series, users can find information on energy efficiency in industry (energy audits, energy management and benchmarking in industry), local energy management (sustainability of residential and non residential buildings, green procurement and energy planning), and energy aspects of transport (mobility management and alternative modes of transport).

Who is the IEe-library for?
Tools and guidebooks listed in this thematic publication are aimed at advising or providing practical instruments especially for energy service companies (ESCOs), installers, architects, farmers and foresters, trainers and public authorities. You can find tools and guidebooks on the planning, feasibility, sizing ad installation of small scale renewable energy technologies. For example: ● If you are an energy service company (ESCO) or an architect and you are looking for tools for the integration of renewable technologies into buildings, here you can find guidebooks which provide you with specific information on different technological options, including information on profitability, economic aspects and best practice examples. There are also databases of technologies and suppliers, as well as calculation and simulation tools for the assessment of the economic and financial feasibility of different options. ● If you are an installer and you want to be up to date with renewable technologies, here you can find training materials that introduce you to renewable energy technologies, how they work, how to install them and their functioning. You can find manuals and handbooks, as well as software tools which will guide you through the sizing, feasibility and installation process of renewable energy technologies. ● If you are a policy maker and you want to promote renewable energy sources, here you can find action plans for setting up a promotional campaign and simulation tools to evaluate the effects of different promotion schemes, as well as advice to help you to tackle typical administrative, legal and financial barriers. Here you can also find planning tools for biomass/biofuels resource assessments. ● Other target audiences such as energy agencies, farmers and the forestry sector, financial operators, technology suppliers, researchers and vocational trainers can also find manuals, feasibility studies, financial advice, simulation tools, decision support systems and other tools to help them in their job. If you are looking for tools and guidebooks on energy efficient or renewable energy heating and cooling applications in residential or non residential buildings you will find a large quantity of additional tools and guidebooks in the IEe-library on the theme of local energy management.

How to use the IEe-library
The quickest and easiest way to use this library is simply to go to the section on the topic that interests you most and browse through the descriptions of the tools and guidebooks (see the table on p. 3 for an indication of the intended target audiences for each topic and the types of tools and guidebooks that can be found under that topic). An interactive online version of the IEe-library can be found at www.iee-library.eu. You are encouraged to submit new tools or guidebooks or updated versions through the website. In this way you can help to develop the library and ensure that it is a source of continuous innovation. As well as this opportunity to contribute to the library, the online version provides the following facilities: ● Advanced search: you can search tools and guidebooks by selecting multiple criteria such as topic, target audience, type of tool, keyword, language and country. ● Download: download the tools and guidebooks you need free of charge. ● Rating: you can recommend to other users the tools that you find most useful. This will ensure that this website is maintained as an instrument of excellence for policymakers, energy professionals and researchers alike throughout Europe.

2 Energy E ciency in Industry

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Introduction
Renewable Integration into Buildings Renewable Energy Transport (including tools and Biofuels guidebooks (Supply Side) applicable to all sub-themes)

Biogas

Biomass Geothermal Mini Wind

Small Hydro

Solar

Architects Citizens Developers Energy Agencies Energy Managers

TARGET AUDIENCE TYPE OF TOOL / GUIDEBOOK

Energy Service Companies (ESCO) Energy Suppliers Farmers/Forestry Financial Operators Industry Installers NGOs Planners/Builders Public Authorities SMEs Technology Suppliers Trainers/ Teachers Transport Operators Benchmarking tool Blue print - Action plan model Calculation tool Checklist Contract model Decision support system Energy audits Evaluation system Feasibility model Game GIS-based tool Guidebook – Handbook – Manual Guidelines Monitoring system Planning tool Simulation tool Tips Training material

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

INDEX
Biogas ............................................................... 14
Bauherrenmappe BIOGAS - Leitfaden für BiogasanlagenbetreiberInnen (=Biogas information folder for constructors - Guidelines for biogas installation operators) ..................................................................14 BIOEXELL - Training manual on anaerobic digestion ...................................................................................14 Biomasa: digestores anaerobios (=Biomass: anaerobic digestion) ............................................................14 BioProFarm-Biomethanisation training info...................................................................................................15 BioProFarm-Handbook on setting up a biomethanisation unit ....................................................................15 BIOTURBINE - Opportunities for biofuel-burning microturbines in the European decentralisedgeneration market .............................................................................................................................................15 PROBIOGAS - Promotion of biogas for electricity and heat production in EU countries: economic and environmental benefits of biogas ....................................................................................................................16

Biomass ............................................................ 17
5EURES - Calculation tools for biomass businesses ....................................................................................17 5EURES - How to do business with woody biomass: business plan examples for SMEs ........................17 ACCESS-Report on perspectives for the development of biomass potential .............................................17 AGRIFORENERGY-Farmers and forest owners as heat sellers (introductory guidebook) ........................18 ASTWOOD-A concept for collection and processing of raw material (wood) for energy ..........................18 BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on biomass heating .............................................................................18 BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on biomass for houses and buildings ...............................................19 Bioenergy guide ................................................................................................................................................19 BioHousing-Business model for assessing viability of a planned bioenergy business ............................19 BioHousing-Catalogue of biomass products/equipment ..............................................................................20 BioHousing-Heating tool: decision-making tool for single-family houses..................................................20 BioHousing-Training materials on biohousing ..............................................................................................20 Biokütuse kasutaja käsiraamat (=Manual for biofuel users) .........................................................................21 Biomasa - obnovitelný zdroj energie (=Biomass-renewable energy source) ..............................................21 Biomasa: gasificación (=Biomass: gas production) ......................................................................................21 Biomasa: producción eléctrica y cogeneración (=Biomass: electric production and cogeneration).......22 BIOSIT - GIS based Methodology and Algorithm. Release 1.0. The Handbook ..........................................22 CLEAN-E - Development of ecological standards for biomass in the framework of green electricity labelling ..............................................................................................................................................................22 Criteria voor duurzame biomassa productie. Eindrapport van de projectgroep “Duurzame productie van biomassa” (=Criteria for sustainable biomass production. Final report from the working group)....23 EARTH - Key competencies for the installation of biomass heating systems in Europe ..........................23

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Renewable Energy

Elda rätt, råd för miljöanpassad vedeldning i vedpanna, kamin o dyl (= Guide for wood heating in fireplaces and stoves).......................................................................................................................................24 Elproduksjon basert på biobrensler (=Electricity Production based on Bioenergy) ..................................24 ELVA - Legislative issues for RES heat [heat from renewable energy sources] .........................................24 EUBIONET - Final results-oriented report: Efficient trading of biomass fuels and analysis of fuel supply chains and business models for market actors by networking .......................................................25 EUBIONET: Bio-energy in Europe 2005: policy trends and issues ..............................................................25 Gasification Guide - Benchmarking of the legal framework .........................................................................25 INCO COPERNICUS - Čista energija iz gozda Kotli na lesno biomaso za centralno ogrevanje (=Clean energy from forest wooden biomass for fuelling boilers for central heating) ............................................26 Investment process for renewable energy sources - biomass and biogas .................................................26 K4RES-H - Biomass for heat: action plan .......................................................................................................27 K4RES-H - Financial incentive schemes for bioheat .....................................................................................27 K4RES-H - Regulations for bioheat .................................................................................................................27 K4RES-H - Targets for heat from biomass ......................................................................................................28 K4RES-H - Targets for heat from biomass: quantifying energy delivery from individual bioheat installations .......................................................................................................................................................28 Katlu māju konversija uz vietējo kurināmo–koksnes un citu biomasu (=Converting boiler rooms to using local fuel – wood pulp and other biomass)......................................................................................28 Le bois énergie pour les collectivités territoriales. Recommandation pour la réalisation de réseaux de chaleur au bois (= Wood-energy for local communities. Recommendations for implementing district wood heating systems).....................................................................................................................................29 Le bois-énergie et les collectivités locales (= Wood-energy and local authorities) ...................................29 Moderní využití biomasy - technolgické a logistické moznosti (=Modern utilisation of biomass technological and logistical options) ..............................................................................................................30 Nutzung von Biomasse in Kommunen - ein Leitfaden: Einführung (=Using biomass in local authorities - a guidebook: introduction).............................................................................................................................30 Pellets@las: Market data database..................................................................................................................30 REFUEL: Bioenergy expansion strategies for Europe - cost effective biomass allocation and biofuel stepping stones .................................................................................................................................................31 REGBIE+ - Biomasa: Calefaccion sostenible para edificios públicos (= Biomass: Sustainable heating for public buildings) ............................................................................................................................31 REGBIE+ - Holz hat’s Energie aus dem Wald!: Aktionsheft für Schulen der Sekundarstufe I (=Schoolbook on wood as sustainable energy) .............................................................................................32 REGBIE+ - Regional Bioenergy Initiatives around Europe: campaign manual ...........................................32 REGBIE+ - Solutions pour l’implantation d’une chaudiere à biomasse (= Recommendations for the installation of heating from biomass) .............................................................................................................32 REGBIE+ - Successful financing schemes of biomass project development .............................................33

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

REGBIE+ - Wood Heating in the Home: A Market Guide ...............................................................................33 RESINBUIL - Training course on renewable energy sources engineering in buildings .............................33 RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Biomass heating project ...................34 ThermalNet: Technical issues: Feedstocks and standards ..........................................................................34

Geothermal ........................................................ 35
BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on geothermal energy and heat pumps ............................................35 Geo-thermal: how does it work?......................................................................................................................35 K4RES-H - A methodology for the calculation of the energy delivery of geothermal systems .................35 K4RES-H - Financial incentive schemes for geothermal energy ..................................................................36 K4RES-H - Quantifying the energy from single geothermal installations for the purpose of financial incentive schemes. ...........................................................................................................................................36 Leitfaden zur Nutzung von Erdwärme mit Erdwärmesonden (=Guide on the use of geothermal power with borehole heat exchanger) ........................................................................................................................37

Mini Wind ........................................................... 38
L’energia eolica (=Wind energy) ......................................................................................................................38 Masto-opas (=A guide for setting up small scale wind power) .....................................................................38 Pientuulivoimala rakennusohjeita (=Building instructions for small scale windpower) ............................38 RES-e Regions - Small-scale wind systems: A reference guide ...................................................................39 RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Wind energy project ..........................39 WELFI-Basic Guidance on wind energy local financing ...............................................................................39 WINEUR-Administrative and legal barriers to small scale wind power in France ......................................40 WINEUR-Administrative and planning issues for small wind turbines in urban areas ..............................40 WINEUR-European urban wind turbines catalogue .......................................................................................40 WINEUR-Report on wind resource assessment in the urban environment ................................................41 WINEUR-Socio-economic issues related to the installation of small wind turbines in the built environment .......................................................................................................................................................41 WINEUR-Technology review of urban wind turbines .....................................................................................41 WINEUR-Urban wind turbines: guidelines for small wind turbines in the built environment....................42

Renewable Integration into Buildings ..................... 43
...er enige om, at der er... god brugerøkonomi i solvarme ved udskiftning af kedel eller beholder (=It is good economy to use solar energy when replacing a boiler) ............................................................43 A homebuilder’s guide to going solar .............................................................................................................43

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Renewable Energy

Architektonische Integration von Photovoltaik-Anlagen (=Architectual integration of photovoltaic installations) ......................................................................................................................................................43 Bergvärme (=Installation guide for rock heat pumps) ...................................................................................44 Biomasa: edificios (=Biomass: buildings) ......................................................................................................44 CLIMASOL - Guidelines for solar cooling feasibility studies & analysis of feasibility studies .................44 CLIMASOL - Solar air conditioning guide .......................................................................................................45 EARTH - Key competencies for certified ground source heat pump installers ..........................................45 EARTH - Training material for GSHP [ground source heat pump] courses.................................................45 Energie sparen durch Wärmepumpenanlagen (=Saving energy with heat pump systems) ......................46 Feasibility study, Enviro-Cores: Thermal storage integrated with heat pumps ..........................................46 GREEN LODGES - Administrative Barriers to RES & micro CHP in rural lodges .......................................46 GREEN LODGES - Micro CHP [combined heat and power] systems: state-of-the-art ...............................47 GROUND-REACH-Inventory of EU legislation on ground coupled heat pumps (GCHPs) .........................47 GROUND-REACH-Market status for ground source heat pumps within Europe ........................................47 GROUND-REACH-The Ground-Reach model to determine the change of environmental impact due to replacements of heating systems on the European market .....................................................................48 ICOSAW-Marketing brochure: Information for craftsmen and architects on combined solar and wood power ..................................................................................................................................................................48 IEA HPP Annex 29 - ground source heat pumps - overcoming technical and market barriers .................48 INFOSOLAR - Možnosti využívania slnečnej energie (=Options for the application of solar energy in buildings) ...........................................................................................................................................................49 INVERT-Software to simulate the effects of different promotion schemes and different scenarios on the feasibility of renewable energy schemes........................................................................................................49 Kritéria pro systémové plánování obnovitelných energetických zdrojů (=Criteria for system planning of utilisation of RES) .............................................................................................................................................50 Low exergy systems for heating and cooling of buildings ...........................................................................50 Luft/vattenvärmepump (=Air/water heat pump)..............................................................................................50 Luft-luftvärmepump (=Installation guide for heat pumps (air-air)) ...............................................................51 Maalämpöpumpu (=Heat pump guide) ............................................................................................................51 Metody hodnocení vhodnosti a výtěžnosti OZE po účely energetických bilancí a energetické stastiky a pro účely regionálního územního pánování a energetických generelů (=Methodologies for evaluation of suitability and potential of RES for the purposes of energy balances, energy statistics and regional energy planning) .........................................................................................................................51 Miljøvennlig energiog arealbruk i sykehjem og omsorgsboliger (=Environmentally Friendly Energy in Hospitals and Care Homes)..............................................................................................................................52 Odnawialne źródła energii. Efektywne wykorzystanie w budynkach. Finansowanie przedsięwzięć (=Handbook on renewable energy sources: effective use in buildings and financing the measures) .....52

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

PERSEUS: guide des installations photovoltaïques raccordées au réseau électrique, destiné aux particuliers. Edition 2007. Comment peut-on produire son électricité avec le soleil? (= Guide for PV installations connected to the grid. How to produce electricity with the sun?) .........................................53 PURE-Summary of photovoltaics (PV) best practices in the urban environment at European level........53 PURE-Technical and economic solutions for integration of photovoltaics (PV) into buildings ................53 REHES - Renewable energy for heat supply for dwellings with individual and local heating systems. Optimal technologies report ............................................................................................................................54 RENEASE - Good practice guide for developers of sustainable social housing ........................................54 RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Ground-Source Heat Pump Project .54 Sektorová příručka - obnovitelné zdroje energie (=Sectoral guidebook - Renewable energy sources)...55 SENTRO - Inventory of building practice, barriers and solutions for market Introduction of alternative energy systerms in new buildings...................................................................................................................55 Solceller (=Solar panels)...................................................................................................................................56 Solvarme - den manglende brik I Danmarks energipolitiske puslespil (=Solar power - the missing piece in the Danish energy policy jigsaw) ......................................................................................................56 Studiu de soluţii privind electrificarea rurală din surse regenerabile de energie în contextul dezvoltării durabile. Programul 100 de gospodării electrificate prin utilizarea SRE în România (=Study and report about renewable sources technologies available for the electrification of rural areas in Romania ........56 TAREB - Low energy architecture training course.........................................................................................57 Temahefte - varmepumper i boliger (=Heat Pumps in Buildings) .................................................................57 Varmepumper – vær sikker på, at du køber et kvalitetsprodukt, der passer til netop dit hus (=Heat pumps - be sure to buy a quality product that suits your house) ................................................................57 WasteWaterHeat - A continuously renewed heat source in urban areas! ....................................................58 WasteWaterHeat - Best practices catalogue ...................................................................................................58 WasteWaterHeat - Market Analysis - Summary of the national market analysis.........................................58 WasteWaterHeat - Technology catalogue .......................................................................................................59 XENIOS - Development of an audit tool for hotel buildings and the promotion of RUE and RES ............59 Ενσωμάτωση Τεχνολογιών ΑΠΕ & ΕΞΕ στον Οικιακό Τομέα (=Basic guidelines for the integration of renewable energy and energy saving technologies in domestic buildings) ...............................................59

Small Hydro........................................................ 61
Checklist on eligibility criteria for small hydro power projects in Bulgaria ................................................61 CLEAN-E - Development of ecological standards for hydropower ..............................................................61 Guide d’accompagnement vers la certification ISO 14001 pour les producteurs d’hydroélectricité en Midi-Pyrénées (= Guidelines for the implementation of ISO 14001 standard by hydroelectricity producers in Mid-Pyrenees) .............................................................................................................................62 Guide on how to develop a small hydropower plant .....................................................................................62 Guidelines for micro hydropower development.............................................................................................62

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Renewable Energy

Integrated method for power analysis (IMP 5.0) .............................................................................................63 RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Small hydro project ...........................63 SHERPA - Hydopower and environment: technical and operational procedures to better integrate small hydropower plants in the environment .................................................................................................64 SHERPA - Small hydropower ...........................................................................................................................64

Solar ................................................................ 65
A guide to photovoltaic system design and installation ...............................................................................65 Architecture et énergie solaire thermique. Pour une intégration réussie des capteurs (= Architecture and solar heating; how to succeed in integrating collectors) ......................................................................65 BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on PV systems for electricity generation and building integration 65 BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on solar cooling ...................................................................................66 Cahier de charge-type audit chauffe-eau solaire (= Specifications model for auditing water solar-heating systems) .....................................................................................................................................66 Collectivités locales, campings, hôtels, chauffez votre piscine à l’énergie solaire (= Heating swimming pools with solar energy in municipalities, campings and hotels) ................................................................66 Comment réaliser un audit solaire? Guide à la réalisation d’une étude de faisabilité d’un projet solaire thermique. (= How to carry out a solar audit? Guidelines for a feasibility study of a solar heating project) ...............................................................................................................................................................67 Design software for solar systems on hotels in Cyprus ...............................................................................67 deSOLaSOL-Basics on PV (photovoltaic) projects finance ..........................................................................67 EARTH - Ausbildungsskriptum solarwärme (=Training material for courses on solar water heating) .....68 EARTH - Key competencies for the installation of domestic solar water heating systems.......................68 EARTH - Solar thermal heat installers’ course (syllabus) .............................................................................68 EAST-GSR - General recommendations for the successful GSR [Guaranteed Solar Results] charter implementation ..................................................................................................................................................69 EAST-GSR - Professional handbook for collective thermal solar system design: Bulgaria, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia ....................................................................................................................69 Edukacijski kit za uporabu energije sunca (= Educational kit on the use of the solar energy) .................70 GREENBUILDING - Technical module on solar hot water and heating ........................................................70 GRSPASS - Contrat de Garantie de Résultats Solaires GRS-th (=GRS [guaranteed solar results] contract) .............................................................................................................................................................70 GRSPASS-Method of calculating which solar system would be best for your needs ................................71 Installation d’un grand système solaire - Checklist pour rédiger le cahier des charges (Installing a large solar system - Checklist for wrtiting specifications)............................................................................71 Installationsguide, nätanslutna solcellsanläggningar (=Installation Guide for Solar Power to Electicity Networks) ..........................................................................................................................................71

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Installer un grand système solaire de production d´eau chaude en Wallonie (=Installing a large solar water heating system).......................................................................................................................................72 K4RES-H - Financial incentives for solar thermal: guidelines on best practice and avoidable problems72 K4RES-H - Objective methodology for simple calculation of the energy delivery of (small) solar thermal systems ................................................................................................................................................72 K4RES-H - Setting verifiable targets for solar thermal ..................................................................................73 K4RES-H - Solar thermal action plan for Europe: heating and cooling from the sun ................................73 L’energia fotovoltaica (=Photovoltaic energy)................................................................................................74 Leitfaden photovoltaische anlagen (=Guidebook on photovoltaic installations) .......................................74 Photovoltaic Project Model - Software ............................................................................................................74 PREHEAT: Solar heat storages in district heating networks ........................................................................74 Propuesta de modelo de ordenanza municipal: captación solar para usos térmicos (=Proposal for a model of municipal regulation for the implementation of solar heating systems at the local/municipal level) ...................................................................................................................................................................75 PV Certification - Objectives and task analysis for the photovoltaic system installer...............................75 PV Certification - Quality management in photovoltaics: manufacturers quality control training manual ................................................................................................................................................................76 PV Certification - Syllabus for training a PV system installer.......................................................................76 pvresources.com - Photovoltaic software ......................................................................................................76 PV-UP-SCALE-Demand side value and benefits of photovoltaics (PV) .......................................................77 PV-UP-SCALE-Economical drivers and market impacts of urban photovoltaics (PV) ...............................77 PV-UP-SCALE-The PV database for urban photovoltaic (PV) applications .................................................77 PVWatts: A Performance Calculator for Grid-Connected PV Systems ........................................................78 Quickscan - Logiciel de calcul pour évaluer l´intérêt économique d´un chauffe-eau solaire dans son installation (= Quickscan – Calculation software for assessing the economic relevance of installing a solar water heating system in the company)..................................................................................................78 RES-e Regions - GuÍa para instalaciones fotoboltaicas conectadas a red (=PV Project Developers Leaflet: Copenhagen, Slovenia, Castilla and Leon, Andalucia, Navarra).....................................................78 RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Passive solar heating project ...........79 RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Photovoltaic project ..........................79 RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Solar air heating project ...................80 RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Solar water heating project ..............80 SOLAIR - Best practice catalogue on successful running solar air-conditioning appliances ..................80 Solar Keymark II - Calculation procedures based on the EN 15316-4.3.......................................................81 Solar Keymark II - DHWScale: Software for extrapolating performance test results of one solar domestic hot water (DHW) system tested to systems of the same type but differing in size ...................81 Solar Keymark II - Energy performance certificate: contribution of solar thermal systems .....................82

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Renewable Energy

Solar Keymark II - Guidelines/material to HVAC experts and installers on solar thermal .........................82 Solar Keymark II - Specific CEN keymark scheme rules for solar thermal products .................................82 Solar Keymark II - Specific CEN Keymark Scheme Rules for Solar Thermal Products (version 9.04) .....83 Solar Keymark II: Standard method for calculating collector annual output ..............................................83 SOLARGE - Course on collective solar thermal systems .............................................................................84 SOLARGE - Good Practice database ..............................................................................................................84 SOLARGE: Solar heat for large buildings – guidelines and practical examples for apartment buildings, hotels and business ........................................................................................................................84 SOLARGE-03-Promotion Campaigns (Berlin, Turin, Rome, and Slovenia) for Collective Solar Thermal Systems..............................................................................................................................................................85 SolCamp - Sunčevi toplinski sustavi za kampove (=SolCamp - Solar thermal systems for camping sites) ...................................................................................................................................................85 SolCamp - T*SOL camp - Software for dimensioning solar thermal systems for camping sites ..............86 SOLPOOL+-Common approach for the implementation of solar heating systems for outdoor swimming pools in Europe...............................................................................................................................86 SOLPOOL+-Impact advisor ..............................................................................................................................86 SOLPOOL+-State-of-the-art of outdoor swimming pool heating systems: European summary report ...87 SOLTHERM - Campaign guidelines .................................................................................................................87 SOLTHERM - Database of solar thermal tools and guidebooks ...................................................................87 Soltherm - Document technique relatif au solaire thermique (= Soltherm – Technical document on solar heating) ..............................................................................................................................................................88 SOLTHERM - European market report.............................................................................................................88 Solvärme för campingplatser (=Solar Energy for Campsites) ......................................................................88 Solvarmekalkulator (=Solar heat calculator) ..................................................................................................88 STEP FORWARD - A general guideline for marketing campaigns on solar systems .................................89 Warmte uit zonlicht (= Heating from the sun) .................................................................................................89

Transport Biofuels (Supply Side) ........................... 90
AGRIFORENERGY-Biofuel production by farmers (introductory guidebook) ............................................90 BIODIESEL CHAINS - Biocarburants, maximisons les bénéfices: Manifeste de ValBiom pour un développement harmonieux des biocarburants (=BIODIESEL CHAINS - Maximising the benefits of biofuels: ValBiom’s manifesto for the harmonious development of biofuels) ............................................90 BIODIESEL CHAINS - Emerging best practice ...............................................................................................90 BIODIESEL CHAINS - Etat des biocarburants en Belgique et propositions (=BIODIESEL CHAINS - The state of biofuels in Belgium and recommendations for the future) .............................................................91 BIODIESEL CHAINS - EU-27 biodiesel report: legislation and markets .......................................................91 BIODIESEL CHAINS - Market structures .........................................................................................................92

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

BIODIESEL CHAINS - Strategy formation: SWOT analysis ...........................................................................92 BIOFUEL MARKETPLACE - Biofuel SWOT - analysis....................................................................................92 BIOFUEL MARKETPLACE - Biofuel Technology Handbook .........................................................................93 BIOFUEL MARKETPLACE - The biofuel market in Austria – prospects for central eastern Europe ........93 Bio-NETT-Biofuels in the European Union: a vision for 2030 and beyond ..................................................93 Carbon Labelling-Report on the present state of bio-diesel in Malta and measures for its promotion ...94 PROBIO-Three-pronged strategy for the integrated promotion of the biodiesel chain .............................94 Référentiel méthodologique pour la réalisation d’analyses de cycle de vie appliquées aux biocarburants de première génération en France - Rapport final (= Methodologic reference guidelines for Life Cycle analysis applied to first generation biofuels in France. Final report....................................95 REFUEL - Assessment of biomass potentials for biofuel feedstock production in Europe: methodology and results..................................................................................................................................95 REFUEL - Biofuels cost developments in the EU27+ until 2030: full-chain cost assessment and implications of policy options..........................................................................................................................95 REFUEL - Biomass resources: potential and related costs ..........................................................................96 REFUEL: A qualitative analysis of policy instruments meant to promote biofuels for transport .............96 REFUEL: Defining sustainability criteria for biofuels ....................................................................................97 Theoretical ethanol yield calculator ................................................................................................................97 ThermalNet: Economy of biomass-to-Liquids (BTL) plants: an engineering assessment ........................97

Other Renewable Energy Related Tools and Guidebooks ................................................. 99
ACCESS-Existing standards for biomass fuels and biomass and solar technologies .............................99 ACCESS-Guidebook for combined solar thermal and biomass fired heating systems .............................99 ACCESS-Guidelines and recommendations on Financing schemes for small-scale biomass and solar heating ......................................................................................................................................................99 ACCESS-Method for the identification of optimal solar-biomass combined schemes ............................100 ACCESS-Searchable database of biomass and solar companies..............................................................100 Checklist on renewable energy installations in Lithuania: costs, prices, case-studies ..........................100 CLEAN-E - Integration of measures in the field of RES-H/C (heating and cooling using renewable energy sources) into the scope of green power labels ...............................................................................101 CLEAN-E - Overview of existing green power labelling schemes ..............................................................101 CLEAN-E - Report on the interaction of green power labelling with renewable energy policies ............102 Development of an internet based tool for pre-feasibility studies of RES applications in EU countries-ERI software tool............................................................................................................................102 EARTH - Environmental and ecological impact assessment of renewable energy projects ...................102

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ELREN - Renewable Energy Network Training Manual ...............................................................................103 ELVA - Management model for RES [renewable energy source] heat market assessment .....................103 Enthuse - Planners and renewable energy guide ........................................................................................104 ETRES - Priority Consideration for the Integration of the Most Suitable Renewable Energy Support Mechanisms in the Greek Electricity Sector.................................................................................................104 ETRES - RES-Financial support mechanisms in Greece: Guidelines for investors .................................104 GreenNet-EU27 - Action Plan: Guiding a least cost grid integration of RES-Electricity in an extended Europe ........................................................................................................................................105 H-SAPS - Policies and recommendations report: market potential analysis for introduction of hydrogen energy technology in stand alone power systems .....................................................................105 H-SAPS-Demonstration project plan report: market potential analysis for introduction of hydrogen energy technology in stand alone power systems ......................................................................................106 ICOSAW-Concept for advanced training regarding the combination of sun and wood ...........................106 K4RES-H - Financial incentive schemes for renewable heating and cooling ...........................................106 K4RES-H - Guidelines for reporting the energy delivery of individual RES-H [heating from renewable energy sources] systems.............................................................................................................107 K4RES-H - Quantification of energy delivery for financial incentives .......................................................107 K4RES-H - Regulations for renewable heating and cooling .......................................................................107 K4RES-H - Renewable heating: action plan for Europe ..............................................................................108 K4RES-H - Setting verifiable targets for RES-H [heat from renewable energy sources] .........................108 PURE-European and national legislation......................................................................................................109 RECORA - Database on decisive parameters for renewable energy projects...........................................109 RECORA - Handbook of generic technical guidelines for renewable energy sources.............................109 RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software .............................................................110 RE-XPANSION-Recommendations for the selection of promotion strategies for RES, which internalise external costs ............................................................................................................................... 110 Strategy for renewable electricity exploitation in Malta - Volume 2: policy options ................................. 110 The Eugene Standard - technical document ................................................................................................ 111 Your guide to renewable energy in the home ............................................................................................... 111 Εγχειρίδιο Ανανεώσιμων Πηγών Ενέργειας για μαθ (=Book for college students on Renewable Energy Sources) .............................................................................................................................................. 111 Το Θεσμικό, Αδειοδοτικό και Χρηματοοικοκονομικa (=Decision Support on the legislative, planning and financial framework for renewable energy sources in Greece)...........................................................112

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Biogas
This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing specifically on biogas production and its applications. More tools and guidebooks can be found in the first level section on Renewable energy or under the subtheme on Biomass in the thematic menu on the left. Additionally you can use the advanced search to view a wider set of results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country or language.

Bauherrenmappe BIOGAS - Leitfaden für BiogasanlagenbetreiberInnen (=Biogas information folder for constructors - Guidelines for biogas installation operators)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Gerhard Ulz, 2006, 135 p. DE Guidelines | Tips Local/Regional/National Electricity | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Installers | Planners/Builders

These guidelines aim to assist energy suppliers, planners and installers in the planning and implementation of biogas systems. A description of the technology and operation of biogas plants is followed by information on funding and licenses. Further useful information such as official addresses, legal texts and project examples is provided in the annex.

BIOEXELL - Training manual on anaerobic digestion
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Claudius da Costa Gomez et al., 2001, 88 p. EN Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material EU Altener / Save Electricity | Resource assessment | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Installers

This is a training manual on biogas production from anaerobic digestion, including practical guidelines on how to plan and build a biogas plant as well as how to ensure quality management and the safe recycling of digestate. This guide describes the process of anaerobic digestion and the applicability of biogas. It also describes the European legislation affecting the biogas sector and provides selected country profiles and case studies.

Biomasa: digestores anaerobios (=Biomass: anaerobic digestion)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: IDAE (Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía), 2007, 44 p. ES Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines Local/Regional/National Electricity | Industrial Processes | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Industry

These guidelines present the methodologies and different techniques for the production of biogas (and methane) through anaerobic digestion of biomass from agriculture, domestic organic residues and industries. They present the legal framework for the use of biogas for electricity production, two case studies and ways of implementing digestive anaerobic systems for production of electricity from biogas in industrial facilities. A facility in Juneda (Lérida) produces electricity from livestock residues and another in Vila-sana (Lérida) produces electricity and heat using biogas from livestock (especially pigs) and domestic residues.

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Renewable Energy

BioProFarm-Biomethanisation training info
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: Agricultural technology research and demonstration center (Hungary), 2007, 47 p. EN Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Planning | Technologies/ Appliances | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Farmers/Forestry | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers

This training material on biomethanisation includes a description of the technologies and processes, relevant EU legislation and guidelines for planning a biogas plant. It explains biomethanisation, how fuel is created, and other introductory information such as the chemical process. The training material then addresses the different types of technology and how they work. The material then goes into detail about the legislation covering the sector. Finally, it discusses what a biomethanisation infrastructure would look like, how to utilise the fuel, and management of the fuels and related wastes.

BioProFarm-Handbook on setting up a biomethanisation unit
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: BioProFarm Consortium, 2007, 37 p. EN | FR Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Energy consumption | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Farmers/Forestry | Industry

This guidebook provides farmers wishing to get involved in biogas use with a non-exhaustive overview of the factors to be taken into consideration before implementing a biomethanisation project. New policies implemented to promote the production of renewable electricity have encouraged farmers to start biomethanisation projects. However, biomethanisation is little developed except in a few countries such as Germany, Denmark and Luxembourg. Barriers to development include: high investment costs, availability of sufficient biomass all year round, interconnection with the electrical grid, valorisation of the thermal energy, and the use of exogenous matters not produced by the farm. This report aims to help increase the number of farmers involved in biogas use. It looks at the legislation dealing with biomethanisation, typical types of installations, and the creation of a project. The report details how to start up a project, important factors to take into account, and sources of finance. It concludes with some examples to help provide guidance on how to implement a project.

BIOTURBINE - Opportunities for biofuel-burning microturbines in the European decentralised-generation market
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: BIOTURBINE Consortium, 2004, 19 p. EN Decision Support System EU Altener / Save Evaluation | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities

This guide provides information to decision-makers involved in the setting up of R&D programs and public policies for the biofuel microturbine market. This document summarizes a set of recommendations for the future development of the biofuel microturbine market in Europe. Recommended actions address technology research on efficiency, emissions, flexibility, and durability, system development as well as the set-up of supportive policy frameworks. It mainly addresses stakeholders involved in microturbine systems, utility systems, microturbine manufacturers, biofuel production government regulations and EU-decision making process, in developing support policies. In addition the guide looks at the current and future green electricity market and at energy market development opportunities.

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Biogas
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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Biogas

PROBIOGAS - Promotion of biogas for electricity and heat production in EU countries: economic and environmental benefits of biogas
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Kurt Hjort-Gregersen et al., 2007, 40 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Heating | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities

The Probiogas project set out to assess the economic, environmental and energy aspects of biogas production by centralised co-digestion in selected areas of six European countries which have been slow to implement biogas technology. The assessment has identified incentives for implementation of biogas systems in those areas. Aimed at policy makers, farmers and other actors in the biogas field, this final report from the project discusses these incentives, helps to identify non-technical barriers to the uptake of biogas and discusses their removal. It includes some interesting case studies from biogas plants in the six countries, including information on: regulatory environment, technical descriptions and economic performance of the plant, and information dissemination activities. The section on biogas potential, barriers and recommendations will be of particular use to decision makers, enabling them to make well-informed choices to facilitate the successful implementation of biogas.

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Renewable Energy

Biomass
This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on biomass production and its applications. More tools and guidebooks can be found in the first level section on Renewable energy or under the subtheme on Biogas in the thematic menu on the left. Additionally you can use the advanced search to view a wider set of results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country or language.

5EURES - Calculation tools for biomass businesses
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: 5EURES Project Consortium, 2007 EN Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Evaluation | Financing | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | SMEs

The 5EURES project aims to promote renewable heating from bioenergy by setting up practical demonstrations of bioenergy heat plants in regions of Germany, Spain, Lithuania, Finland and Portugal. The creation of these five pilot RES heat markets and the development of examples of complete working fuel chains was hoped to build competence, establish knowledge transfer and create favourable conditions for SMEs interested in getting involved with woody biomass. This selection of calculation tools are designed to help businesses assess the financial feasibility of potential bioenergy business ventures and plan their expenditures. They are not accompanied by an instruction manual, but are simple enough to interpret and use alone.

5EURES - How to do business with woody biomass: business plan examples for SMEs
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: Vaatainen Tahvanainen et al., 2008, 189 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Financing | Heating | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | SMEs

The 5EURES project aims to promote renewable heating from bioenergy by setting up practical demonstrations of bioenergy heat plants in regions of Germany, Spain, Lithuania, Finland and Portugal. The creation of these five pilot RES heat markets and the development of examples of complete working fuel chains was hoped to build competence, establish knowledge transfer and create favourable conditions for SMEs interested in getting involved in woody biomass. This particular guidebook provides blueprint business plans for SMEs to assist them in the initial stages. It advises on the structure and content of an effective business plan for audiences such as banks and investors, municipalities or simply for the entrepreneur’s own use. It also provides detailed examples for businesses ranging from ash recycling to district heating, short rotation coppice to heating a local school. This is a valuable source for SMEs, NGOs and energy suppliers, enabling them to get involved in bioenergy by learning from best practice examples.

ACCESS-Report on perspectives for the development of biomass potential
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: ACCESS Consortium, 2007, 56 p. BG | CS | EN | HU | RO | SK Benchmarking Tool | Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Farmers/Forestry

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Biomass

KEYWORDS:

Planning | Resource assessment | Strategy Development

This report aims to help different stakeholders (such as producers, consultants, energy service companies and consumers) to assess the biomass resources that can be used as a fuel for small scale heating and hot-water supply purposes in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia. Information is presented for each country on the potential of solid biomass as an energy source, along with a description of current production and of biomass for heat and electricity. At the end of the each country report, barriers and opportunities for biomass use in small systems are assessed.

AGRIFORENERGY-Farmers and forest owners as heat sellers (introductory guidebook)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Agriforenergy Consortium, 2007, 12 p. DE | EN | IT | RO | SK | SL Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Heating | Resource assessment

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Financial Operators

This guidebook for farmers and forest owners gives tips on how to provide biomass for heating in a reliable and sustainable way. The goal is to assist agricultural groups to increase their biomass production and boost their income by becoming energy service providers for their region. The guidebook aims to help them to become wood energy contractors by investing in, operating and maintaining biomass supply systems. The guidebook discusses the bioheat market in Europe, and the steps involved in the process (raw materials, materials and costs, wood energy contracting and biomass district heating). It concludes with best practice examples to help other regions and farmers to develop biomass markets.

ASTWOOD-A concept for collection and processing of raw material (wood) for energy
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Angelika Rubick Martin Englisch, 2008, 66 p. EN Checklist EU Intelligent Energy Europe Planning | Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Technology Suppliers

This tool shows practical ways to organise forest management and handle biomass fuel demand. This tool explains different variables, first describing the basics of biomass from food crops. It details the methods of logging and harvesting, types and prices of harvesters and the costs of automated harvesting. The next section details bundling and transportation within the forest, discussing related technologies such as types of forwarders and skidders. The tool then explores other technologies and issues to be addressed in the provision of fuels from forests, as well as the types of wood fuels that can be created and marketed, including log wood, wood chips and industrial pellets. The report ends with case studies from four different areas and explains how they can be applied in other areas.

BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on biomass heating
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: BEST RESULT Consortium, 2008, 22 p. EN Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Heating | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers

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Renewable Energy

This is a set of training materials that provides information on implementing biomass heating. It is laid out in three lessons, structured in five sections: renewable energy systems (RES); background of biomass heating; description of biomass heating systems; biomass heating application markets and biomass heating considerations; and biomass heating project models. In each section, more detailed information is provided in a concise manner to help create lesson plans. The sections are broken down into detailed descriptions, with bullet points highlighting the major points of each section.

BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on biomass for houses and buildings
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: BEST RESULT Consortium, 2008, 50 p. EN Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Technologies/ Appliances | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers

This is a set of training materials that provides information on biomass for houses and buildings. It is an e-learning module directed to professionals and other end-users interested in learning about renewable energy supply (RES), mainly for buildings, but also potentially for any kind of installation. This e-learning module is divided into seven chapters on the following topics: heating and sanitary hot water biomass systems; densified biomass fuel (pellets); automatic pellet boilers; biomass-solar mixed systems; environmental and socioeconomic benefits; and practical examples of biomass heating installations. Each chapter has a question to introduce the chapter, followed by the chapter itself and an answer sheet.

Bioenergy guide
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Marches Energy Agency, 2008, 20 p. EN Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool Local/Regional/National Awareness Raising | CO2 emissions | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers

This is a guide targeted at businesses, public authorities and the general public. It aims to raise awareness of bioenergy by providing a balanced overview of the available technologies, with a focus on the two main types of bioenergy system suitable for generating electricity and heat; biomass combustion and anaerobic digestion. It provides an accessible but detailed introduction to the technologies, outlines some of the key considerations for developing a bioenergy facility, and provides contact details and internet addresses for further information.

BioHousing-Business model for assessing viability of a planned bioenergy business
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: BioHousing Consortium, 2008, 16 p. EN | IT Decision Support System | Feasibility Model EU Intelligent Energy Europe Evaluation | Financing | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Farmers/Forestry | Industry | SMEs

This model allows entrepreneurs to assess the viability of a planned bioenergy business. The model is intended as a helpful, practical and versatile tool for businesses interested in initiating new entrepreneurial activities related to biomass heating systems (regular and special maintenance, sale of turnkey systems, supply of wood fuel and sale of energy) in

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Biomass
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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Biomass

order to permit the exchange of detailed information on the profitability and economic efficiency of this activity. The model can also offer useful information to existing businesses on potential new activities through the quantification of a financial balance, therefore offering help in making decisions regarding new services that the business could offer.

BioHousing-Catalogue of biomass products/equipment
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: BioHousing Consortium, 2007 DE | EN | ES | FI | FR | IT Decision Support System | Tips EU Intelligent Energy Europe Heating | Procurement | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Technology Suppliers

This is an online searchable catalogue of biomass heating-related equipment in Finland, Italy, Spain, France and Austria. The information includes the relevant technical details of the equipment and emission and efficiency data. The database is searchable by type of heater: boilers, burners, boiler houses, stoves, chippers, and splitters. It is also searchable by model, manufacturer and by country. The database also provides information on manufacturers, importers and resellers.

BioHousing-Heating tool: decision-making tool for single-family houses
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Biohousing Consortium, 2007 DE | EN | ES | FI | FR | IT Calculation Tool | Decision Support System EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Buildings | Heating

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Citizens | Energy Service Companies (ESCO)

This web-based tool helps to inform decision-making on planning the heating system for a single-family house. It promotes the alternatives of biomass-based heating systems. The tool is made up of a several parts: heating alternatives; an energy calculator; and solutions. The choice of the heating system plays an important role in determining the level of comfort for the inhabitants of a house, and also the operating expenses of the heating system, and it is difficult to change the system once the choice has been made. This tool therefore aims to inform decision-making at the earliest possible stage.

BioHousing-Training materials on biohousing
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Klima:Activ, 2007, 115 p. DE | EN Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Heating | Technologies/ Appliances | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers

This series of training materials addresses biomass and heating for housing. The training materials cover topics including: heating systems; biomass, fuels and combustion residues; logistics and storage room; pellet heating; planning and design of biomass-based heating systems; and integration of solar thermal plants with biomass based heating systems. The materials could be of use for architects, builders, plumbers, chimney sweepers and so on. They are provided in German with the main chapters of the material also translated into English.

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Renewable Energy

Biokütuse kasutaja käsiraamat (=Manual for biofuel users)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Villu Vares et al., 2005, 178 p. EN | ET Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual International Organisations Heating | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Installers

The aim of the manual is to assist decision-makers in municipalities, heating companies, energy suppliers and in bio-energy producing companies in the practical application of bio-energy for energy production and to disseminate the experience on making the right choices for technology and size of equipment for bio-energy production plants. The manual covers the following main topics: (1) Properties of biofuels and peat; (2) Technologies and machinery for production of solid biofuels; (3) Combustion technologies of biofuels and peat; (4) Mitigation of environmental impacts; (5) Planning of heat supply systems based on biofuels. This manual provides a broad but thorough overview for deployment of biomass based solid fuels. It covers the whole chain of biomass use – from field/forest to the boiler plant and boiler. It also presents the practical experiences of several boiler plants firing biomass/biofuels in Estonia. The original in Estonian has been translated and published in English, Russian and Chinese.

Biomasa - obnovitelný zdroj energie (=Biomass-renewable energy source)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Z. Pastorek et al., 2004, 288 p. CS Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Tips Local/Regional/National Evaluation | Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Farmers/Forestry | Industry

The publication serves as a reference guide on biomass as an energy source which could be used by a wide audience ranging from energy experts to the general public. The book covers all key aspects of energy uses of biomass, including information related to the technological, economic and environmental aspects. The handbook covers the following key areas: (1) Resources of biomass – including extensive information related to biomass resources including forestry waste, energy crops, agricultural and by-products. Also provides background information for potential assessment of biomass resources; (2) Processing of biomass for energy use – covering various technological and logistical solutions related to collection, transport, processing and storage of biomass. This part also includes information about biomass conversion into pellets, briquettes, charcoal, as well as processes such as pyrolysis and gasification of biomass etcetera; (3) Combustion of biomass – describing currently available technologies for biomass combustion for heat and electricity production, environmental and economical aspects of biomass combustion and examples of installations in the Czech Republic and in the world; (4) Anaerobic digestion of organic materials – describing currently available technologies for biogas production and use, environmental and economical aspects of biogas production and energy use and examples of biogas installations in the Czech Republic; (5) Alternative transport fuels based on biomass – covering aspects of the production of biofuels; (6) Legislation on use of biomass for energy production – providing insight into the current legislative environment related to RES in the Czech Republic in the context of the EU legislative framework. The handbook could be used as reference in the evaluation, design and operation of biomass fuelled energy installations. This is a publication which needs to be requested through the order form provided below.

Biomasa: gasificación (=Biomass: gas production)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía (IDAE), Ministerio de Industria, Turismo y Comercio, 2007, 32 p. ES

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Biomass
21

Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Biomass

TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS:

Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Tips Local/Regional/National Awareness Raising | Industrial Processes | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Industry | Technology Suppliers

These technical guidelines present the various technologies for the production of gas through the use of biomass. The guidelines are divided into two chapters: the first is a general introduction on the process and the different kinds of raw biomass to be used in the process, and the second describes the four different technologies used to produce gas.

Biomasa: producción eléctrica y cogeneración (=Biomass: electric production and cogeneration)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: IDAE (Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía), 2007, 40 p. ES Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual Local/Regional/National Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry

These guidelines present biomass energy production within a Spanish legal framework and the use of biomass(from raw materials or already transformed into different types of gas) as the state of the art in heating, cooling and electricity production. They focus on the costs and the economic benefits of biomass energy production. They also include two case studies where a detailed technical and economic evaluation is given.

BIOSIT - GIS based Methodology and Algorithm. Release 1.0. The Handbook
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: ETA Renewable Energies, 2003, 18 p. EN Decision Support System | GIS-based Tool | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU LIFE Awareness Raising | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Technology Suppliers

This handbook describes the methodology behind an algorithm/GIS (Geographical Information Systems) tool which aims to formulate plans for the effective exploitation of biomass resources in thermal power plants. GIS are a set of computer tools that can visualise, treat and analyse geographical data and link it to databases, providing clear, easy to analyse information. An algorithm is a set of mathematical instructions that if given to a computer, will help to calculate an answer to a mathematical problem. The objective of this algorithm is to execute a detailed analysis of the area under investigation to calculate the cost of the biomass delivered to the plant; the transport costs of the delivery of biomass to the plant; to map the road network used by the biomass transport; and to quantify and limit the emissions related to the transport of that biomass. This handbook is intended for technicians and scientists with a technical background in renewable energies. The BIOSIT project is based on a partnership between the Department of Energetics (DE-Project coordinator) and the Department of Agricultural and Land Economy (DEART) of the University of Florence, and ETA Renewable Energies, a company skilled in the research, design and construction of renewable energy plants.

CLEAN-E - Development of ecological standards for biomass in the framework of green electricity labelling
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: Ines Oehme, 2006, 78 p. EN Benchmarking Tool | Planning Tool

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TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities FUNDING: KEYWORDS: EU Intelligent Energy Europe Electricity | Quality schemes

The Clean Energy Network for Europe (CLEAN-E) project is concerned with the design and implementation of green energy labels: This guide outlines important issues concerning electricity production from biomass and proposes possible criteria for green power certification schemes covering biomass-generated electricity. It is intended for energy agencies, labelling organisations and public authorities concerned with policy making, and aims to provide support at three levels: The further development of biomass criteria applied in the context of the ‘Eugene Standard’; The development of biomass criteria under the establishment of new national green electricity labels; The possible certification of biomass. A useful annex provides a summary of the biomass criteria of existing major certification schemes for green electricity. Overall, this report provides useful guidance to further the sustainable exploitation of electricity from biomass, via green certification schemes that ensure maximised reductions of carbon dioxide and minimised degradation of air quality.

Criteria voor duurzame biomassa productie. Eindrapport van de projectgroep “Duurzame productie van biomassa” (=Criteria for sustainable biomass production. Final report from the working group)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Ministerie van VROM ed., 2006, 40 p. NL Benchmarking Tool | Decision Support System | Monitoring System Local/Regional/National Evaluation | Industrial Processes | Quality schemes

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities

Expectations for the potential of biomass resources are high but risks and potential impacts must also be taken into account, in terms of environmental, economic and social issues. Therefore, the Dutch government has set up a working group entitled “Sustainable biomass production” with the aim of defining sustainability criteria for producing and using biomass as an energy source. The working group underlined that such a set of criteria should be integrated into regulations at the national, European and global levels. This report presents the main steps and methodology of the project, explains defining criteria and indicators, and shares ideas about possible certification. This technical report is of interest not only to sustainability researchers, but also to actors from the biomass sector and decision makers.

EARTH - Key competencies for the installation of biomass heating systems in Europe
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Dominik Rutz Rainer Janssen, 2005, 34 p. BG | DE | EN | LT Checklist | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Heating | Planning | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Technology Suppliers

The EARTH Project (Extend Accredited Renewables Training for Heating) aims to define a general set of knowledge, skills and abilities required of practitioners who install and maintain renewable heating systems, to ensure safety, quality and consumer acceptance. This particular guide is aimed at installers of biomass heating systems, and provides a list of tasks which they must be able to undertake to be classified as competent installers. Topics covered include: -Environmental considerations; -Marketing; -Biomass characteristics and storage; -System costs, funding and subsidies; -Health and safety, legal issues, fire prevention; -Site assessment; -System type and planning; -Component identification and sizing; -Boiler installation and chimney requirements; -Performing a system check; -Customer education and warranty; -Maintenance. The document aims to be all-encompassing with the intention that it could provide a starting point for the creation of a training course for installers of biomass heating systems; courses in each country would however need to be adapted to reflect national variations.

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Biomass
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Elda rätt, råd för miljöanpassad vedeldning i vedpanna, kamin o dyl (= Guide for wood heating in fireplaces and stoves)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Naturvårdsverket - Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, 16 p. SV Checklist | Guidelines | Tips Local/Regional/National Awareness Raising | Energy consumption | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Managers | Installers

This is a set of guidelines on how to select wood burners and how to use them in an energy efficient way. It also provides advice on the use of different types of biomass, including pellets. The guide also describes improvements to chimneys, which can have a beneficial effect on energy efficiency.

Elproduksjon basert på biobrensler (=Electricity Production based on Bioenergy)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: P. F. Jørgensen P. Bernhard, 2004, 42 p. NO Decision Support System | Feasibility Model Local/Regional/National Electricity | Evaluation | Resource assessment

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Managers | Farmers/Forestry

This is a tool for the production of electricity from bioenergy sources. It evaluates the feasibility of using biomass from the forest industry and biogas from sewage treatment plants and organic waste. The guide assesses the technologies available, the consumption of biomass, bioenergy resources and their costs and the costs for establishing power plants using bioenergy.

ELVA - Legislative issues for RES heat [heat from renewable energy sources]
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Jessica Lovell Mat Colmer, 2007, 7 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Heating | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities

The objective of the ELVA project was to establish a local value chain for heat from renewable energy sources (RES-H). This particular report examines the current legislative issues that both help and hinder the development of renewable heat. It is aimed at policy makers, energy agencies, NGOs and public authorities. It provides a short analysis of the existing EU legislative framework on RES-H and renewables; Outlines the main drivers for, and barriers to, RES-H development; Suggests sectors of the economy in need of attention from new legislation. The focus is biomass, as this is currently the main source of RES-H. Many projects have addressed this issue, so the information here is not new. It is, however, brief, concise and clear, providing a quick summary of the situation for a non-scientific audience. It should give policy makers an understanding of the current situation, enabling them to take appropriate action which will further the dissemination of RES-H and increase the probability of meeting EU targets for renewable energy by 2020.

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EUBIONET - Final results-oriented report: Efficient trading of biomass fuels and analysis of fuel supply chains and business models for market actors by networking
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Eija Alakangas et al., 2008, 68 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Financing | Resource assessment | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities

The EUBIONET project aimed to increase deployment of biomass fuels into the European market and match the uptake of technology, in order to meet European policy targets for renewable energy. This guide is a final report for the project, presenting summaries of its main tasks and their results: -Evaluation of the current situation and future trends in the biomass fuel trade; -Business models for biofuel supply chains for heat and power production; -Implications of the EU legislation for biomass markets in different countries; - Co-operation and dissemination. The guide also lists all the reports published during the project if readers are interested to know more. This is a good overview of the current market situation for actors in the biomass sector, although it gives few concrete recommendations for action.

EUBIONET: Bio-energy in Europe 2005: policy trends and issues
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Jasper Faber et al., 2006, 57 p. EN Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Altener / Save Awareness Raising | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities

The EUBIONET project aimed to increase deployment of biomass fuels into the European market and match the technology uptake, in order to meet EU renewable energy targets. This report examines trends in European bio-energy policy, legislation and implementation in Member States, and it is aimed at policy-makers and energy agencies. It aims to raise awareness of the damaging effects of policy competition between Member States, and encourages a certain level of coordination. The first section focuses on specific components of EU legislation: -Renewable Energy Directive; -Emissions Trading Scheme; -Landfill Directive; -Biofuels Directive; -Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive; -Large Combustion Plant Directive; and -Waste Incineration Directive. For each directive the following aspects are addressed: -Impact on bioenergy projects; -Transposition status; -Implementation status; and -Assessment of impact on bioenergy projects. The second section examines German bio-energy and waste policies, and assesses the effects of recent changes in these policy areas. The third section examines the consequences for bio-energy in the Netherlands based on the general European and specific German experiences, and gives recommendations. This guide provides useful advice, enabling policy-makers to make better informed decisions that work to further the deployment of biomass fuels in the European market.

Gasification Guide - Benchmarking of the legal framework
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Ulrich Seifert, 2007, 16 p. EN Benchmarking Tool | Guidelines | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Installers | Technology Suppliers

The Gasification Guide Project ultimately aimed to accelerate the market penetration of small-scale Biomass Gasification Plants (BGPs) via removal of the non-technical barrier presented by poor awareness and a lack of understanding of

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heath, safety and environmental issues. These particular guidelines are aimed at manufacturers and operators of BGP systems. The guide provides a general overview of relevant elements of the European legal framework, and advises on interpretation of the discussed legislation. Overall this is a useful guide for BGP operators and manufacturers, enabling them to run their systems in a safe and eco-friendly manner.

INCO COPERNICUS - Čista energija iz gozda Kotli na lesno biomaso za centralno ogrevanje (=Clean energy from forest wooden biomass for fuelling boilers for central heating)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Darko Hrovatin Lojze Šubic, 2000, 28 p. SL Decision Support System | Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Structural funds Awareness Raising | Evaluation | Heating

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Installers | Planners/Builders

The handbook “Clean energy from forest wooden biomass boilers for central heating” deals with the issues related to the usage of wooden biomass for central heating in buildings. The main target groups of this handbook are energy managers, planners, builders and installers of wooden biomass related equipment in Slovenia. This handbook provides detailed information about benefits of use of wooden biomass for central heating. The most important topics covered by this handbook are: (1) Installation of the wooden biomass boiler; (2) Technical aspects for proper selection of the wooden biomass boiler. This document is a useful starting point in the process of the evaluation of the possibilities for the installation of the central heating system using the wooden biomass in Slovenia.

Investment process for renewable energy sources - biomass and biogas
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Ministry of energy and energy resources, Energy Efficiency Agency, 2006, 17 p. EN Decision Support System | Feasibility Model | Planning Tool Local/Regional/National Contracting | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Suppliers | Financial Operators

This tool facilitates actor involved in the development of biomass and biogas installations by describing their roles in the process, their responsibilities and the legal requirements of the process itself. The tool also includes guidelines referring to all the stages of a project’ s development, and it is therefore interesting to assigners, constructors, developers, designers, consultants, natural bodies exercising the technical control for the ‘construction’, technical managers and technology suppliers. The tool contains the following contents: (1) Description of the participants in the investment process and their roles; (2) Investment design, which includes: project definition; data collection; documents; and preparation of the project’s terms of reference; (3) Drafting terms of reference and design of the installation itself; (3) Permits and licenses necessary to start the construction. The next steps, permissions, and documents required are described: (a) Obtaining building permission, permission and license from the State Energy Regulatory Commission (SERC); (b) Written request for studying the conditions and ways to connect to the electric grid; (c) Written request for studying the conditions and way to connect to the heat supply grid; (d) Electric grid connection contract and heat supply grid connection contract; (e) Construction and installation.; The procedures of contracting among participants in the construction process, such as opening the construction site and determining building line and level, along with the building insurance are described; (f) Construction completion and usage permits. This part includes working plans, installation suitability establishment, connection to the electric and heat supply grids and bringing into operation. The tool describes the stages of construction of biogas and biomass installations. The focus is on the existing legal requirements, starting with securing the land for the construction site and finishing with the final test of bringing the installation into operation.

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K4RES-H - Biomass for heat: action plan
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: Jean-Marc Jossart Edita Vagonyte, 2007, 8 p. EN Benchmarking Tool | Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Managers | Public Authorities FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S:

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular guidebook provides a clear, simple introduction to biomass for architects, energy managers and ESCOS. It includes the following: - Basic concept of heat from biomass; - Technologies available; - Advantages; - Competitiveness with alternative fuels; - The need for targets for bioenergy - The need for an EU Directive on heat. Although distinctly pro-biomass, this colourful guidebook explains concepts simply and succinctly, enabling readers to make a more informed choice of heat source.

K4RES-H - Financial incentive schemes for bioheat
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: European Biomass Association Jean-Marc Jossart, 2006, 77 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Financing | Heating | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Financial Operators | Public Authorities

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RESH has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular guide addresses the success factors of financial incentive schemes (FIS) for bioheat. It is aimed at those actors involved with the design of FIS, such as energy agencies, public authorities and NGOs. It covers some of the main elements that are important to consider regarding the economics of bioheat, including: - Cost of conversion equipment and fuel; - Efficiency; - Final heat price; - The nature of competitiveness. The second half of the report uses country case studies to discuss: - Green certificates; - White certificates; - Tax credits; - Taxation of fossil fuels; - Tax deduction for biofuel appliance; - Market incentive programmes; - Cogeneration provision; - District heating; - Future support programmes. This report offers valuable guidance to equip policy makers involved with the design of FIS for bioheat.

K4RES-H - Regulations for bioheat
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: European Biomass Association Jean-Marc Jossart, 2006, 42 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Heating | Planning | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RESH has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular report presents

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nine regulations that have an impact on bioheat development. It aims to inform policy makers and legislators of the experiences of other countries in this field, in order that they may make informed decisions. The first chapter summarises the regulations, which it classifies into the following classes: bioheat development, rules for permits, others. The second chapter discusses them in more detail, under the following headings: - Identification of the regulation; Description of the regulation, including Background, Objectives, Timing, Cost of implementation and Restraints; - Results, including quantitative data, replication potential and communication; - Monitoring and lessons learned. This is a useful guide which presents previous successes and failures of bioheat regulations, helping policy makers to design suitable regulations to accelerate the growth of the bioheat sector, in order to reach the EU target on renewable energy by 2020.

K4RES-H - Targets for heat from biomass
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Jean-Marc Jossart, 2007, 16 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Heating | Planning | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular guide is aimed at policy makers. It expounds the merits of detailed, concrete, technology-specific target setting. It covers: - Items to consider when setting targets, including the problems with the Biomass Action Plan targets, repartition to Member States and methods to calculate targets; - Statistics; - Suggested targets; Annex tables include the situation in 2004, objectives for 2010 and objectives for 2020. This guide is practical and specific, equipping policy makers to make informed decisions when setting targets for heat from renewable energy.

K4RES-H - Targets for heat from biomass: quantifying energy delivery from individual bioheat installations
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Association européenne pour la Biomasse European Biomass Association (AEBIOM), 2007, 10 p. EN Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Energy consumption | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular report presents a calculation method for targets for heat from biomass when measurements are not available or do not make sense, for example, due to the small size of the unit. Insights on Germany, Italy and Sweden are given. It aims to assist public authorities in the quest to assess the heat energy from renewable sources produced and consumed in the European Member States.

Katlu māju konversija uz vietējo kurināmo–koksnes un citu biomasu (=Converting boiler rooms to using local fuel – wood pulp and other biomass)
AUTHOR(S): Vides projekti, 2003, 55 p.

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LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS:

LV Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual International Organisations Heating | Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Installers | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers

The guidebook aims at providing practical information on the existing positive and negative aspects of the process of converting of coal and petrol boiler rooms to biomass boiler rooms. The level of risk is also investigated. The handbook is intended to help the local authorities and the technical staff of boiler rooms in the process of utilizing the existing wood and wood residues as well as straw as biomass heat resources and use them as alternative to petrol and coals. The first chapters of the guidebook include characteristics of the biomass potential of Latvia – wood and straw in particular. Also an overview is given of the experience of other countries in Central and Eastern Europe in producing heat from biomass. A description of the local boiler room equipment follows, along with explanation of the process of conversion of boiler rooms. There is an analysis of the factors influencing the quality of heat production from converted boilers. These factors are: (1) Planning the concept of heat production; (2) Boiler reconstruction measures; (3) Reconstruction of the heat production process; (4) Reconstruction of the heating supply system. The advantages of the computerized control of heat consumption by multi-storey buildings and other big consumers are presented. The final chapter focuses on an efficient system for heat consumption measurement and distribution. The information in the guidebook is illustrated with various boiler schemes, tables with data on the straw and wood characteristics, technical description of the big boiler rooms working with biomass in Latvia, available technical equipment at local level – description of brands, capacity, etcetera. The guide can be useful as a reference tool for the preliminary analyses and research, choosing the most appropriate technical scheme, designing the conversion process, subsequently computerizing the monitoring of heat consumed by various users, and establishing effective system of heat supply.

Le bois énergie pour les collectivités territoriales. Recommandation pour la réalisation de réseaux de chaleur au bois (= Wood-energy for local communities. Recommendations for implementing district wood heating systems)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: ADEME / ATEE / BIOMASSE NORMANDIE / CIBE / AMORCE / VIASEVA ed., 2007, 4 p. FR Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Feasibility Model | Guidelines Local/Regional/National Heating | Planning | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities

These guidelines aim to provide local authorities with recommendations for installing a large wood based district heating system at the local level. In this new energy and environmentally conscious age public authorities are encouraged more and more to install systems using renewable energy. These guidelines present legal, technical and economic good practices based on experiences and feedback from existing networks.

Le bois-énergie et les collectivités locales (= Wood-energy and local authorities)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Biomasse Normandie, 2006, 18 p. FR Guidelines Local/Regional/National Resource assessment | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities

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This is a contribution from Biommase-Normandie to a parliamentary report on renewable energy for local authorities, The first part describes the positive environmental impact of using wood-energy at a local level. The second part explains the national objectives and gives some examples from the Basse-Normandie region. The third part proposes guidelines to local authorities to develop and implement a wood-energy system at the local level. Although this document primarily targets French local authorities, the first and third part may also be of interest to local authorities in other countries.

Moderní využití biomasy - technolgické a logistické moznosti (=Modern utilisation of biomass - technological and logistical options)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: J. Jakubes et al., 2006, 66 p. CS Evaluation System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool Local/Regional/National Evaluation | Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Farmers/Forestry | Planners/Builders

The of this guidebook is to provide a critical overview of available options of energy utilisation of biomass while considering the sustainability of biomass supply chain. The target audience consists of public authorities, planners, energy suppliers, energy service provider, biomass suppliers, energy experts and other stakeholders. In the introductory part, the use of biomass in the context of RES utilisation and national energy balance is explained, as well as policy and legislative support to biomass use in the EU and the Czech Republic. The second part of publication focuses at biomass resources, products based on biomass and biomass logistics. In the third part, information about sustainability of biomass use as well as criteria for the evaluation of sustainability of biomass energy systems are provided. The last part presents a detailed overview of the state-of-the-art and prospective biomass to energy conversion technologies. The guidebook provides very detailed information about biomass logistics systems and energy conversion technologies as well as criteria for evaluation of sustainability of biomass energy systems that could be used in biomass energy systems planning, design, development and operation.

Nutzung von Biomasse in Kommunen - ein Leitfaden: Einführung (=Using biomass in local authorities - a guidebook: introduction)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Bundsumweltministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit (BMU), 2003, 21 p. DE Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual Local/Regional/National Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

This complex guide aims to support the sharing of experiences and best practices on the implementation of biomass projects at a local level. It is targeted at planners, builders, local authorities, investors and energy suppliers. The guide is divided into five different sections: (1) introduction (2) instructions (3) background information (4) examples and (5) annex. This background section includes information to facilitate the decision making process, planning and implementation of biomass related projects.

Pellets@las: Market data database
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: European Pellet Centre, 2007 EN Decision Support System | Tips EU Intelligent Energy Europe

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers

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KEYWORDS:

Heating | Monitoring | Procurement

The Pellets@las was created by the European Pellet Centre to support the development of the European pellet market. It is aimed at professional pellet market actors across Europe, intending to provide them with valuable up-to-date pellet market information thus facilitating trade and aiding the removal of the following market barriers: information gaps, local supply bottlenecks and production surpluses. This continuously updated online tool presents data on the price, consumption and production of wood pellets, as well as the production capacity of pellet plants, for 29 European countries. Searches are made by country and data category and the results are presented as a graph. A map indicates the location and name of each plant, and some also supply contact details. Limited access to price data is set as default, meaning that the most recent two months’ data is hidden. To obtain full access to prices, it is necessary to contribute to the collection of price data. Contact details are given for organising this. This is an excellent tool for pellet market actors, and provides an incentive to contribute to its expansion by giving participating companies the edge over those who do not have such up to date information.

REFUEL: Bioenergy expansion strategies for Europe - cost effective biomass allocation and biofuel stepping stones
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Göran Berndes et al, 2008, 86 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Simulation Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Planning | Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

The REFUEL project was designed to encourage a greater market penetration of biofuels through the development of a biofuels ‘roadmap’. As part of the roadmap, this guidebook developed and analysed the impacts of various biofuel scenarios for the European Union (EU), focusing largely on total energy use and legislative constraints. It is intended for policy makers and aims to give them insight into the cost-effectiveness of specific policies and strategies in inducing development towards such scenarios. It covers: development of the transport and energy systems in the EU; the potential for cogeneration of biofuels for transport and heat for district heat systems; and the potential for biomass co-firing with coal. Additionally, specific strategies for the realisation of these biofuel scenarios are formulated and evaluated. This guidebook provides useful action plans for policy makers, enabling them to achieve a desired level of biofuel use.

REGBIE+ - Biomasa: Calefaccion sostenible para edificios públicos (= Biomass: Sustainable heating for public buildings)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía et al., 2002, 12 p. ES Training Material EU Altener / Save Awareness Raising | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Public Authorities

The REGBIE+ project is concerned with Regional Bioenergy Initiatives around Europe, and aims to strengthen regional uptake of biomass heating. Its main objectives are to: - Support the Biomass Action Plan; - Strengthen and start regional bioenergy initiatives; - Remove technical and non-technical market barriers; - Stimulate regional demand and supply structures; - Raise general awareness of biomass. This booklet provides general information about biomass heating in buildings: housing, public buildings like schools, old people’s homes, town halls and other big buildings. The publication is oriented to mayors, town councillors and municipal technicians that are interested in the sustainable development of their municipality.

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Biomass
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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Biomass

REGBIE+ - Holz hat’s Energie aus dem Wald!: Aktionsheft für Schulen der Sekundarstufe I (=Schoolbook on wood as sustainable energy)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Klimaschutzagentur Region Hannover gGmbH, 2007, 37 p. DE Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Trainers/ Teachers

The REGBIE+ project is concerned with Regional Bioenergy Initiatives around Europe, and aims to strengthen regional uptake of biomass heating. Its main objectives are to: - Support the Biomass Action Plan; - Strengthen and start regional bioenergy initiatives; - Remove technical and non-technical market barriers; - Stimulate regional demand and supply structures; - Raise general awareness of biomass. This schoolbook was inspired by a first school competition in the Region of Hannover. The schoolbook compiles background information, worksheets and experiments as well as suggestions for excursions on the topic of wood as a sustainable energy source. It is aimed at teachers, and for schoolchildren aged 10 to 16. This publication is a good example of how to communicate information on biomass heating to the next generation.

REGBIE+ - Regional Bioenergy Initiatives around Europe: campaign manual
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Target GmbH, 2008, 66 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Planning | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities

The REGBIE+ project is concerned with Regional Bioenergy Initiatives around Europe, and aims to strengthen regional uptake of biomass heating. Its main objectives are to: - Support the Biomass Action Plan; - Strengthen and start regional bioenergy initiatives; - Remove technical and non-technical market barriers; - Stimulate regional demand and supply structures; - Raise general awareness of biomass. This guide uses the example of a campaign for marketing solid biomass fuels in Hannover – “Heizen mit Holz” (Heating with Wood) - as a campaign model for other European regions. It is aimed at energy agencies, public authorities and NGOs involved with promoting renewable energy technologies, particularly bioenergy. Elements covered include: - Extensive tips on networking; - Detailed ideas for campaigning, including a long list of suggested instruments such as advertising, PR and events; - Advice on establishing a corporate identity; - Explanation of how to use a strategic matrix for workshops or meetings. This manual is brilliant for its comprehensive attention to detail and practical elements such as fill-in worksheets and a year plan. An excellent tool for furthering the promotion of renewable energy technologies.

REGBIE+ - Solutions pour l’implantation d’une chaudiere à biomasse (= Recommendations for the installation of heating from biomass)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Frédéric DOUARD, 2008, 27 p. FR Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities

The REGBIE+ project is concerned with Regional Bioenergy Initiatives around Europe, and aims to strengthen regional uptake of biomass heating. Its main objectives are to: - Support the Biomass Action Plan; - Strengthen and start regional bioenergy initiatives; - Remove technical and non-technical market barriers; - Stimulate regional demand and supply structures; Raise general awareness of biomass. This guide is aimed primarily at local authorities and takes the form of an introductory

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presentation on biomass, covering: - What biomass is; - The different fuel types, including their energy content, use, price, advantages and constraints; - The available technologies, including advantages, constraints and installation; - Practical applications of biomass heating on a range of scales; - Real life examples of heating from biomass in action. This is an informative set of slides, giving decision-makers a clear understanding of biomass for heat, allowing them to make more informed decisions on a national level for policy, and on a local level for the energy source for heating in their district. It might also be of interest to energy managers and ESCOs wanting to know more about renewable energy options for heating.

REGBIE+ - Successful financing schemes of biomass project development
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: REGBIE+ Consortium, 2008, 48 p. EN Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines EU Intelligent Energy Europe Financing | Heating

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Managers | Financial Operators

The REGBIE+ project is concerned with Regional Bioenergy Initiatives around Europe, and aims to strengthen regional uptake of biomass heating. Its main objectives are to: support the Biomass Action Plan; strengthen and start regional bioenergy initiatives; remove technical and non-technical market barriers; stimulate regional demand and supply structures; raise general awareness of biomass. This guide uses the example of a campaign for marketing solid biomass fuels in Hannover – “Heizen mit Holz” (Heating with Wood) - as a campaign model for other European regions. It is aimed at energy agencies, public authorities and NGOs involved with promoting renewable energy technologies, particularly bioenergy. Elements covered include: extensive tips on networking; detailed ideas for campaigning, including a long list of suggested instruments such as advertising, PR and events; advice on establishing a corporate identity; explanation of how to use a strategic matrix for workshops or meetings. This manual is brilliant for its comprehensive attention to detail and practical elements such as fill-in worksheets and a year plan. An excellent tool for furthering the promotion of renewable energy technologies.

REGBIE+ - Wood Heating in the Home: A Market Guide
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: South-East Regional Authority, 2008, 21 p. EN Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Tips EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Financing | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Agencies | Energy Managers

The REGBIE+ project is concerned with Regional Bioenergy Initiatives around Europe, and aims to strengthen regional uptake of biomass heating. Its main objectives are to: - Support the Biomass Action Plan; - Strengthen and start regional bioenergy initiatives; - Remove technical and non-technical market barriers; - Stimulate regional demand and supply structures; - Raise general awareness of biomass. This guide, produced by the South-East Regional Authority in Ireland, aims to help raise awareness of biomass heating by providing basic information designed to stimulate and inform the reader on details of biomass technologies. In this way it aims to contribute to strengthening the demand for wood boilers, wood pellets and other biomass technologies that could be used in private households. It hopes to demonstrate to the consumer that biomass technology provides a secure energy supply, at prices which are competitive, and which contributes to the reduction of CO2 emissions. The guide contains information on: available wood heating systems; manufacturers of wood pellet boilers; pellets; financial incentives; practical guidelines for buyers; a small number of frequently asked questions; and contact details for further information.

RESINBUIL - Training course on renewable energy sources engineering in buildings
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: RESINBUIL Consortium, 2006 EN | IT | RO | SL

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Biomass
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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Biomass

TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS:

Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Buildings | Technologies/ Appliances | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Installers | Planners/Builders

The RESINBUIL project encourages the use of small scale renewable energy appliances in buildings in four provinces of Spain, Italy, Slovenia and Romania. Its main target groups are local authorities, business associations, constructors, professional associations and the general public. The project involved the development of training courses on renewable energy sources engineering in buildings, addressed to architects and engineers. This set of materials includes reference texts, exercises and questionnaires on the following topics: solar energy use in buildings; solar irradiance; solar thermal energy; grid connected photovoltaic systems; and bioheat. The materials could form the basis for self-study, or could be used for developing a new training course.

RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Biomass heating project
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Natural Resources Canada, 2004 BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool Local/Regional/National Energy consumption | Evaluation | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software: Biomass heating project is a decision support tool developed to evaluate the energy production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for Biomass heating projects. The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation platform for the various stakeholders involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility studies, disseminate knowledge to help people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical and financial viability of possible projects. The software includes product, project, hydrology and climate databases, a detailed online user manual, and a case study based college/university-level training course, including an engineering e-textbook. RETScreen can be used for feasibility studies; project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis; information dissemination; training; sales of products and/or services; project development & management; and product development/R&D. This tool is provided in 30 different languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used. Provided here are the general tool that can be utilised for analysis as well as a tool specific to Biomass heating projects. The individual tool is technologyspecific, providing an energy model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions analysis, and a financial summary.

ThermalNet: Technical issues: Feedstocks and standards
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Michael del Doran Maria Carmen Lorenzo Avila, 2006, 59 p. EN Benchmarking Tool | Evaluation System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Quality schemes | Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Technology Suppliers

The ThermalNet project aimed to create a European network for biomass pyrolysis, gasification and combustion, and a forum to review and help resolve barriers that may be encountered in implementing these conversion technologies. This report is a compilation of information aiding the comparison of feedstock characteristics and technologies from different countries. It is aimed at those involved in the production of biofuel, and intends to increase the quality of biofuel produced by assisting in the understanding of the relationship between the chosen conversion system (its size and quality) and the quality and homogeneity of the fuel type. It summarises methods for the characterisation and analysis of biomass feedstocks as well as liquid, gaseous and solid products from thermo-chemical conversion processes. The report covers: -Current and future biomass feedstock; -Identification of standards; and -Feedstocks and technology. This guide will help biofuel producers achieve a higher quality product, and further the development of biofuels as a viable energy source.

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Geothermal
This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on geothermal applications, such as ground-coupled heat pumps. More tools and guidebooks can be found in the first level section on Renewable energy or by using the advanced search to view a wider set of results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country or language.

BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on geothermal energy and heat pumps
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: BEST RESULT Consortium et al., 2008, 10 p. EN Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Technologies/ Appliances | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers

This is a set of training materials that provides information on using geothermal energy and geothermal heat pumps. It is laid out in 12 lessons broken down into two modules, with five lessons in the first module and seven in the second module. A general overview of the historical data and development of the geothermal scenario is provided. Also included in the first module are economic aspects, market trends and legislation. After introductory information explaining geothermal energy, how it can be harnessed and how much is potentially available, the second module focuses on the different uses for both electricity generation and non-electric applications. This module looks at the technology, the main parameters of use, theoretical aspects, and also talks about the Best Available Technologies (BAT) with guidelines for planning, installation, and maintenance.

Geo-thermal: how does it work?
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: Orkuveita Reykjavikur, 1 p. EN | IS Simulation Tool | Training Material Local/Regional/National Awareness Raising | Industrial Processes | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Trainers/ Teachers

This is an online web tool that explains the process of producing electricity from geo-thermal energy. The tool is based on the production process of the Hellisheidi power plant in Iceland, which has been designed to be as environmentallyfriendly and energy efficient as possible. The tool is user-friendly, providing a graphical presentation of the process which enables the user to click on different elements of the geo-thermal system for further details. It is also possible to activate a ‘pop-up’ guide, which appears on the screen to take you on a ‘tour’ of the process.

K4RES-H - A methodology for the calculation of the energy delivery of geothermal systems
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: EGEC - European Geothermal Energy Council, 2007, 11 p. EN Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Energy consumption | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Geothermal

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. In smaller RES-H [heating from renewable energy sources] systems, energy delivery is often not measured but can be calculated on the basis of scientific parameters. This particular report proposes sound methods to calculate the energy output of small RES-H systems. It aims to assist public authorities with the assessment of energy from RES-H produced and consumed in the European Member States.

K4RES-H - Financial incentive schemes for geothermal energy
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: European Geothermal Energy Council, 2006, 43 p. EN Benchmarking Tool | Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Financing | Heating | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Financial Operators | Public Authorities

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular report aims to provide guidance to actors involved in the development of financial incentive schemes (FIS) to support geothermal heating. It provides: - An overview of different types of FIS under the headings of ‘supports’ and ‘burdens’; - An evaluation of these schemes, examining the pros and cons of subsidies, followed by recommendations; - Cases studies of seven European countries on subjects such as support programmes for renewable energy technologies, financial resources, government strategies, the market situation, and good and bad experiences of FIS. Through examination of other countries’ experiences, this report develops indicators against which existing incentive schemes are to be evaluated. As such it comprises a valuable resource for policy makers in the quest to promote the generation of heat from geothermal energy.

K4RES-H - Quantifying the energy from single geothermal installations for the purpose of financial incentive schemes.
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: EGEC - European Geothermal Energy Council, 2007, 5 p. EN Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Energy consumption | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RESH technology. This particular tool presents a monitoring strategy for geothermal heating plants and heat pumps in order to permit the quantification of energy delivery by these single installations. It aims to assist public authorities with the assessment of heat energy from renewable sources produced and consumed in the European Member States.

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Leitfaden zur Nutzung von Erdwärme mit Erdwärmesonden (=Guide on the use of geothermal power with borehole heat exchanger)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Umweltministerium Baden-Württemberg (hrsg.), 2005, 28 p. DE Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual Local/Regional/National Buildings | Cooling | Heating

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

This guidebook, targeting mainly local administrations, supports a country-wide, uniform analysis and implementation of borehole heat exchangers, in view of groundwater protection issues. Contents include a description of borehole heat exchangers and their operation techniques, the legal situation in Germany, and technical, geographical and administrative requirements. Furthermore, the guide includes useful tips for future operators and producers on relevant requirements and standards.

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Geothermal
37

Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Mini Wind
This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on small-scale wind applications. More tools and guidebooks can be found in the first level section on Renewable energy or by using the advanced search to view a wider set of results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country or language.

L’energia eolica (=Wind energy)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: ENEA, 2004, 12 p. IT Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips | Training Material EU Altener / Save Awareness Raising | Energy consumption | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Agencies | Installers

This small guidebook provides very well presented, concise but detailed information on wind energy. The information may be of use for citizens, installers, technology suppliers, energy agencies interested in disseminating basic but comprehensive information on wind turbines, or public authorities. This guide provides: an introduction to wind energy; an overview of wind plant technologies and turbines; guidance on where to install a wind turbine; the best terrain for installation and how to perform wind measurements; impacts on the environment; useful data on wind production and costs; and information on incentives granted to this energy source in Italy. The information is accompanied by illustrations and explanatory diagrams and technical schemes of the technologies. The clear layout and the images provided make this brochure a useful tool for dissemination and educational purposes.

Masto-opas (=A guide for setting up small scale wind power)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: FINNWIND, 2006, 4 p. FI Calculation Tool | Guidelines Private Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers

This guide provides instructions on how to build and set up a mast for a small-scale wind turbine. The guide is intended for anyone wishing to set up wind turbines of this type. It describes the materials available for the mast, the preparatory work required prior to erection of the mast, and how to raise the mast. The guide also provides a formula for calculating the required power to raise the mast.

Pientuulivoimala rakennusohjeita (=Building instructions for small scale windpower)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: FINNWIND, 2008, 6 p. FI Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Tips Private Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers

This document provides useful guidelines for do-it-yourself wind power installations for anyone considering setting up wind turbines. The guide includes sections on the theoretical background for building small scale wind turbines, size

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selection, the main components of a wind turbine, how to set up storm protection and detailed information about specific parts and how to set them up. The guide ends with a list of answers to common questions.

RES-e Regions - Small-scale wind systems: A reference guide
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: D. Clubb for the Mid Wales Energy Agency, 2005, 10 p. EN Checklist | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Agencies | Energy Managers

This short guide is aimed at small businesses or individuals wishing to install small-scale individual wind turbines. It provides a brief overview of how to go about such a task, including: - A planning flowchart; - Steps required, including project planning, information, design, construction, testing and connection; - Two examples of successful projects, including details on location, installer, turbine type, total cost and payback time; - Frequently asked questions on payback time, selling to the grid and availability of grants, among others. Lists of Wales-based consultants and energy agencies, as well as UK-based small turbine manufacturers are given, along with their contact details and links to further information. This guide is very basic but provides a good starting point outlining all the necessary issues for those interested in getting involved with small scale wind power.

RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Wind energy project
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: Natural Resources Canada, 2004 BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool Local/Regional/National Energy consumption | Evaluation | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software: Wind Energy Project is a decision support tool developed to evaluate the energy production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for wind energy projects. The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation platform for the various stakeholders involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility studies, disseminate knowledge to help people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical and financial viability of possible projects. The software includes product, project and climate databases, a detailed online user manual, and a case study based college/university-level training course, including an engineering e-textbook. RETScreen can be used for feasibility studies; project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis; information dissemination; training; sales of products and/ or services; project development & management; and product development/R&D. This tool is provided in 30 different languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used. Provided here are the general tool that can be utilised for analysis as well as a tool specific to wind energy projects. The individual tool is technology-specific, providing an energy model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions analysis, and a financial summary.

WELFI-Basic Guidance on wind energy local financing
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: Wind Energy Local Financing (WELFI) Consortium, 2003, 40 p. EN | FR Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines EU Altener / Save

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Financial Operators | Public Authorities

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Mini Wind
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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Mini Wind

KEYWORDS:

Financing | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

The WELFI (Wind Energy Local Financing) project is focused on local and/or joint financing as a means to improve the acceptability of wind farms amongst local populations. It aims to transfer previous experience from Denmark and Germany on this topic to other countries, in particular France, Greece, Poland and Spain. A comparative analysis has been undertaken of the legal, social and financial frameworks in Denmark and Germany in order to identify rules and practices that can be replicated in other countries. The documents available are specific to Germany, Denmark, Spain and France and include case studies and a comparative overview of the countries. Three case studies are available from France and two case studies are available from Germany, Denmark and Spain. The French case studies are presented in French. The barriers and recommendations section is available in both English and French.

WINEUR-Administrative and legal barriers to small scale wind power in France
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: AXENNE, 2006, 16 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Planning | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Industry | Public Authorities

This report focuses on the current legal and administrative framework related to small scale wind power in France. The report was drawn up in response to the perception that the necessary regulations, procedures and guidelines for the integration of small wind turbines into urban areas are not yet in place. The report first lays out the current administrative and planning framework, then summarises administrative and planning barriers to urban wind, and concludes with recommendations and a blueprint for a procedure for planning permits for small wind turbines in France.

WINEUR-Administrative and planning issues for small wind turbines in urban areas
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Katerina Syngellakis et al., 2006, 47 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Evaluation | Planning | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities

This report provides an overview of the international and national policy environment along with information on nontechnical barriers to the implementation of small wind turbine projects in urban areas, focusing briefly on administrative and planning barriers. The report mainly looks at France, the Netherlands and the UK, but also includes discussions and interviews with local authority staff, manufacturers and suppliers of small wind turbines. The report hopes to provide an understanding of the main non-technical constraints to small urban wind development. The report first looks at the institutional and policy framework on the international, EU, and national level, then goes on to discuss planning procedures, planning and administrative barriers, standards and certification, before providing recommendations and a blueprint for future projects.

WINEUR-European urban wind turbines catalogue
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: Wineur Consortium, 2006, 70 p. EN Checklist | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities

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FUNDING: KEYWORDS:

EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Procurement | Technologies/ Appliances

This is a catalogue which provides a profile of 33 different European wind turbine manufacturers. Each profile includes contact information for the manufacturer and a detailed specification of each wind turbine produced, giving details on power, dimensions, and other information. Also included in this tool is a technology review that contains an analysis of the manufacturers and their turbines. This assesses which turbines perform well in certain conditions, whether to select a horizontal or a vertical axis wind turbine, and the performance, strengths and weaknesses of wind turbines.

WINEUR-Report on wind resource assessment in the urban environment
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Wineur Consortium, 2007, 47 p. EN Decision Support System | Evaluation System | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Resource assessment | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Industry | Technology Suppliers

This report provides an introduction to wind resource assessment in the urban environment in France, the UK and the Netherlands. A series of assessments were undertaken in the countries, and this report presents those assessments, including the available resources, the methodology and modelling utilised, wind patterns and conditions, positioning of the turbines, and the results and conclusions. These assessments can help local companies to provide the technology or knowledge to develop the wind energy market, or can be used for other countries as a blueprint to model their own resource assessments.

WINEUR-Socio-economic issues related to the installation of small wind turbines in the built environment
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Jadranka Cace, 2007, 22 p. EN Decision Support System | Evaluation System | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Evaluation | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities

The report elaborates the main socio-economic issues related to urban wind turbines (UWTs), including: attitudes of different stakeholders, visual impact, safety, noise production, information and communication, and possible impacts on job creation. This report presents the combined results of socio-economic surveys undertaken in the UK, France and the Netherlands. The report outlines the market factors for urban wind, the awareness and attitudes of different stakeholders towards renewable energy and wind turbines (broken down by stakeholder group), and the methodology of the research and analysis of the data.

WINEUR-Technology review of urban wind turbines
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Wineur Consortium, 2006, 9 p. EN Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Procurement | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities

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Mini Wind
41

Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Mini Wind

This document provides a description of different types and technologies of urban wind turbines, their benefits and drawbacks. Information is provided on 32 different manufacturers and 57 models. The document gives a short presentation on the manufacturers, the urban wind regime, and then explains the performance, strengths, and weaknesses of the turbines. It looks at factors such as horizontal versus vertical axis wind turbines, rated power and rated wind speed, cut-in wind speed, cut-out wind speed, self starting turbines, noise, life time, and maintenance. Through this guide, purchasers can compare turbine models and determine which model is best for a specific situation.

WINEUR-Urban wind turbines: guidelines for small wind turbines in the built environment
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Jadranka Cace et al., 2007, 41 p. EN | NL Checklist | Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Buildings | Evaluation | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities

The purpose of this guidebook is to inform stakeholders about small wind turbines for the built environment. It provides practical guidelines to actors dealing with the installation of small wind turbines in urban areas and provides recommendations for future products and for market development. The objective of the guidebook is to determine the feasibility of small wind turbines in built environments while identifying constraints and possible solutions. The costs, benefits, and efficiency of urban wind turbines are discussed, and some case studies are included on how to implement an urban wind turbine project. The information provided is both concrete and applicable for a financial and technical analysis of what type of turbine is best for a given situation.

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Renewable Integration into Buildings
This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on the integration of renewable energy applications in buildings. More tools and guidebooks can be found in the first level section on Renewable energy or by using the advanced search to view a wider set of results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country or language. If you are looking for tools and guidebooks on energy efficient or renewable energy heating and cooling applications in residential or non residential buildings you will find a large quantity of additional tools and guidebooks in the IEe-library on the theme of Local Energy Management.

...er enige om, at der er... god brugerøkonomi i solvarme ved udskiftning af kedel eller beholder (=It is good economy to use solar energy when replacing a boiler)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: Håndværksrådet et al., 2007, 6 p. DA Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines Local/Regional/National Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers

This is a guide for those installing solar power to buildings where the boiler is approaching the end of its life span. It explains that the addition of solar panels would make the replacement of the boiler easier as well as potentially increasing the life span of the current boiler. The guide provides information about costs, comparisons to other fuels and types of solar panels. There is a detailed section assessing the feasibility of solar power.

A homebuilder’s guide to going solar
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: US Department of Energy, 2004, 8 p. EN Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines Local/Regional/National Awareness Raising | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Installers | Planners/Builders

This guide is designed to help assess the benefits of installing solar equipment or making houses or businesses solarready. The information comes from studies of builders who have successfully integrated solar technologies into their operations, as well as from conversations with builders and solar professionals. The guide addresses issues including: solar economics, other reasons to go solar, local support systems and available information. The aim is to educate builders about solar power, both thermal and electric, with the goal of this leading to an increase in the use of solar energy in buildings.

Architektonische Integration von Photovoltaik-Anlagen (=Architectual integration of photovoltaic installations)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: Thomas Stark et al., 2005, 49 p. DE Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual Local/Regional/National

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Planners/Builders

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KEYWORDS:

Buildings | Technologies/ Appliances

This guide aims to motivate architects and constructors to effectively integrate photovoltaic systems into the design of buildings. With this intention, it presents first the subject of photovoltaic and architecture to the reader, then different design types and possibilities. Chapters on architectural planning with photovoltaic systems, ways of integrating them into the building’s surface as well as building legislation follow. Numerous photos and graphics support the key points.

Bergvärme (=Installation guide for rock heat pumps)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Energirådgivarna SYDOST - Energy Agency for South East Sweden, 2006, 2 p. SV Checklist | Guidelines Local/Regional/National Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers

This is a short guide on how to install a heat pump using air located under rock surfaces. It describes the type of heat sources for heat pumps before going into greater detail into the functioning of heat pumps using air under rock surfaces. The guide looks into the affordability of this type of pumps as well as the effect required for a house to be heated. The guide also includes a checklist of issues to be taken into consideration when buying a pump of this type.

Biomasa: edificios (=Biomass: buildings)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía (IDAE), Ministerio de Industria, Turismo y Comercio, 2007, 44 p. ES Feasibility Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool Local/Regional/National Buildings | Heating | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Citizens | Installers

These general guidelines for the implementation of biomass systems (mainly heating) in buildings cover: the legal framework, the technologies available, the installation process, the types of biomass available, the permits needed and the financial support available for the installation of biomass systems.

CLIMASOL - Guidelines for solar cooling feasibility studies & analysis of feasibility studies
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: CLIMASOL Consortium, 2005, 86 p. EN Feasibility Model | Guidelines EU Altener / Save Buildings | Cooling | Evaluation

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO)

These guidelines aim at providing the necessary guidance for the installation of a solar thermal system for cooling a building, looking at climatic, building and occupation related factors. The goal of the guideline is to demonstrate how to perform a feasibility study for a solar cooling system. The different chapters briefly give general notions to build a structured feasibility study. The chapters goes through the size of the system, the thermal balance of the system, the installation and working principles, system telemonitoring, economical balance, and the environmental advantages of the system. Each solution given represents a technical solution to use solar thermal energy for building air-conditioning.

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CLIMASOL - Solar air conditioning guide
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Marc Delorme et al., 2005, 32 p. EN | FR Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Altener / Save Buildings | Cooling | Evaluation

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers

This guide provides useful evaluation guidance on solar systems for cooling. First, this publication presents the main passive or semi-active techniques for reducing summer cooling loads. Different technologies of solar assisted cooling systems are then described: absorption, adsorption or desiccant systems. The document then showcases several case studies and provides guidance on how to do a feasibility study then choose, design and implement a system.

EARTH - Key competencies for certified ground source heat pump installers
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: EARTH Project Consortium, 2005, 11 p. EN Checklist | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material EU Altener / Save Behavioural Change measures | Planning | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Technology Suppliers

The EARTH Project (Extend Accredited Renewables Training for Heating) aims to define a general set of knowledge, skills and abilities required of practitioners who install and maintain renewable heating systems, to ensure safety, quality and consumer acceptance. This particular guide is aimed at installers of heat pumps and provides a list of tasks which they must be able to undertake to be classified as competent installers. Topics covered include: -Marketing; -Costs; -Environmental issues; -Energy efficient buildings; - Heat pump principles, technical details and electrical basics; -Site assessment, planning and installation; -Operation; -Performing a system check; -Consumer education and warranty; Maintenance; -Fault diagnostic, frequent mistakes and practical experiences. The document aims to be all-encompassing with the intention that it could provide a starting point for the creation of a training course for installers of heat pumps; courses in each country would however need to be adapted to reflect national variations.

EARTH - Training material for GSHP [ground source heat pump] courses
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: EARTH Project consortium, 2005, 205 p. EL Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Behavioural Change measures | Planning | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers

The EARTH Project (Extend Accredited Renewables Training for Heating) aims to define a general set of knowledge, skills and abilities required of practitioners who install and maintain renewable heating systems, to ensure safety, quality and consumer acceptance. This guide takes the form of a series of presentations to accompany training sessions on ground source heat pumps (GSHP). It is relevant for trainers, public authorities and energy agencies looking to train installers in the GSHP sector. The presenter will benefit hugely from previous knowledge of the subject, as the presentations are not accompanied by an explanatory manual.

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Energie sparen durch Wärmepumpenanlagen (=Saving energy with heat pump systems)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Wirtschaftsministerium Baden-Württemberg (hrsg), 2005, 64 p. DE Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual Local/Regional/National Buildings | Cooling | Heating

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Planners/Builders

This guide aims to help architects, planners and installation services to achieve an environmentally friendly, cost efficient and reliable heat pump system by correctly adjusting the different components such as the heat pump, heat source, heating system, and control and hydraulic systems. It focuses mainly on the use of energy driven geothermal probes and surrounding air/water-heat pumps in one- or multi-family houses, small offices and administrative buildings with heating capacities lower that 20 kW combined with low-temperature heating systems.

Feasibility study, Enviro-Cores: Thermal storage integrated with heat pumps
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: G. Eggen, 2003, 15 p. EN Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines Local/Regional/National Buildings | Cooling | Heating

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers

The “enviro-cores” concept is a thermal storage system integrated with a heat pump, which is connected to the ventilation system of buildings. The heat pump and the enviro-core system are designed for both heating and cooling. This guide describes the technology and the space required for such a system, and discusses the feasibility of the system.

GREEN LODGES - Administrative Barriers to RES & micro CHP in rural lodges
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Green Lodges Project Consortium, 2006, 9 p. EL | EN | ES | PT Tips EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Electricity | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

The aim of the Green Lodges project is to promote and facilitate renewable heating and electricity applications in ‘green lodges’ (small countryside hotels and spas, isolated mountain refuges, cottages, summer residences, small castles and monasteries). This guide outlines the administrative, legal and financial barriers to the development of electricity and heating from renewable energy sources (RES) and cogeneration (combined heat and power - CHP) in rural lodges. It also proposes activities to promote renewable energies which are designed with the motive of avoiding or overcoming the afore-mentioned barriers. Although this guide lacks specific details, it serves as a good overview to the possible obstacles one may encounter during the development of RES and CHP. It is useful for those involved in policy making as well as in the planning of RES and CHP projects.

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GREEN LODGES - Micro CHP [combined heat and power] systems: state-of-the-art
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Günter Simader et al., 2006, 68 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Calculation Tool | Decision Support System EU Intelligent Energy Europe Electricity | Heating | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

The aim of the Green Lodges project is to promote and facilitate renewable heating and electricity applications in ‘green lodges’ (small countryside hotels and spas, isolated mountain refuges, cottages, summer residences, small castles and monasteries). This particular report acts as a decision support system for organisations wishing to install a micro CHP [combined heat and power] system. The focus of the analysis is micro CHP units up to an electrical output of 50 kW, following the definition of the CHP directive. It provides information on state-of-the-art micro CHP technologies, including the different conversion technologies, product characteristics and aspects of implementation (planning, selection and integration into existing buildings). Barriers to further introduction of micro CHP are discussed, and some critical economic success factors are identified from examination of existing projects. They advise on investment costs, calculation methods, and parameter variations for final selection. Precise planning guidelines are given, including tables to be filled in during the planning process. Lists of engine suppliers are included in an annex, with details of the electric power rating and fuel type of each engine model. This is a practical tool to aid decision makers in the design and implementation of a micro CHP system, with the objective of maximising suitability, and thereby maximising success.

GROUND-REACH-Inventory of EU legislation on ground coupled heat pumps (GCHPs)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Marco Spiccia ed. Roberto Olivieri, 2006, 81 p. EN Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Buildings | Cooling | Heating

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Suppliers | Technology Suppliers

This report examines the current situation of the legislation and guidelines concerning geothermal heat pumps (or ground coupled heat pumps – GCHPs) in the EU-27. The report focuses on ground source heat pumps (combined with storage systems where appropriate) for heating and cooling of buildings. The report first goes through the legislation regarding geothermal and heat pumps at the EU level and then at the individual Member State level. The report goes through each individual country, describing geothermal sites and projects, the specific legislation and regulations, the impact and purpose of the legislation, and other topics such as financial support and other issues.

GROUND-REACH-Market status for ground source heat pumps within Europe
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Martin Forsén ed. et al., 2007, 29 p. EN Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Industry | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers

This report provides an introduction to ground source heat pumps and the related market forces, using examples of the

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market status in Sweden, Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. The report provides introductory information about ground source heat pumps (GSHP) and the different types that are available. The report outlines the market status and potential of GSHP with overall market statistics for Europe and then more specifically in the four countries mentioned. It also includes a list of barriers to their use/uptake and the benefits and drawbacks of their use. The country examples include a short analysis of the heat pump market, heat pump associations, and the training of installers in the respective countries. With this, the report aims to expand the use of GSHP through the EU.

GROUND-REACH-The Ground-Reach model to determine the change of environmental impact due to replacements of heating systems on the European market
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Martin Forsén Peter Roots, 2007, 23 p. EN Calculation Tool | Decision Support System | Evaluation System EU Intelligent Energy Europe CO2 emissions | Energy consumption | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

This report explains the calculation methodology to estimate the potential for a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by replacing conventional heating systems with heat pumps. The calculations may be used to present the overall results that can be achieved; however that is not the aim of the report. The calculations also include the related environmental impact, included primary energy savings, end-use energy savings, consumer cost savings and renewable energy provided by ground source heat pumps. The second part of the report applies the methodology to available national energy statistics in three different scenarios - medium, high, and full use of ground source heating. This application of the methodology hopes to show public authorities the potential reduction in greenhouse gas emissions that can be achieved through the use of heat pumps.

ICOSAW-Marketing brochure: Information for craftsmen and architects on combined solar and wood power
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: ICOSAW Consortium, 2006, 19 p. DE | EN | PL | SV Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Planning | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers

This marketing brochure provides craftsmen and architects with market information on the combination of solar and wood energy in Germany and Poland. By providing this information to craftsmen and architects, the brochure hopes to increase the use of the combination of solar and wood energy in buildings. The brochure first outlines the benefits of this combination energy sources as an alternative to oil and gas. The brochure then explains the technology and the implications that it will have in the future, providing reasons for its use, supported by data. The brochure ends by exploring the pros and cons of this energy combination.

IEA HPP Annex 29 - ground source heat pumps - overcoming technical and market barriers
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: J. Stene, 2004, 45 p. EN Benchmarking Tool | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines

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TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Local/Regional/National Buildings | Cooling | Heating

This guide describes the state-of-the-art technology, geological data, costs and market opportunities and installation examples for ground source heat pumps. It also includes several relatively detailed installation examples based on building types. A newly established Norwegian website for ground-source heat pump systems is also presented (http:// www.energy.sintef.no/prosjekt/Annex29). The guide is part of the Annex 29 Programme, which is organised under the umbrella of the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the IEA Heat Pump Programme (HPP).

INFOSOLAR - Možnosti využívania slnečnej energie (=Options for the application of solar energy in buildings)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: I. Iliaš et al., 2006, 73 p. SK Evaluation System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips EU Phare Buildings | Evaluation | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Citizens | Developers

The guidebook is aimed at energy experts and consultants but also at the general public interested in solar thermal applications, in particular in the housing and services sectors, in Slovakia. The guidebook provides the necessary information for the evaluation of options for use of solar energy in buildings. In its first part, the guidebook provides background information to solar energy, an evaluation of benefits and costs of using solar energy, a description of basic components, criteria and key recommendations for the design of solar thermal systems, as well as an evaluation of barriers, climate conditions for solar thermal utilisation in Slovakia and a basic overview of the possibilities of support and financing of solar thermal applications. In the second part, detailed technical guidance on solar thermal systems applications is given, in particular on: (1) Solar thermal system for water heating in a family house; (2) Solar thermal system for water and space heating in a family house; (3) Solar thermal system for water heating of an outdoor swimming pool; (4) Solar thermal system for water, space and swimming pool heating in a family house; (5) Solar thermal system for water heating in a multi-family house. The final part of the guidebook contains responses to frequently asked questions and provides contacts details of solar thermal systems’ suppliers in Slovakia.

INVERT-Software to simulate the effects of different promotion schemes and different scenarios on the feasibility of renewable energy schemes
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Michael Stadler et al., 2006, 100 p. EN Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool EU Altener / Save Buildings | CO2 emissions | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Financial Operators | Public Authorities

Invert is a free and comprehensive simulation tool to evaluate the effects of different promotion schemes for Renewable Energy Sources (RES), which involve: analysing energy policies and related public costs, (e.g. from subsidies, tax incentives, CO2-tax, feed-in-tariffs, soft loans); amounts of RES and RUE (rational use of energy) application (e.g. from biomass technologies, wind power, solar energy, building refurbishment); and investigating greenhouse gas emissions and energy demand. Simulations can be carried out for building-related sectors (heating, domestic hot water, cooling), electricity (including CHP) and biofuels for transport applications. This tool allows flexibility regarding the input of individual region specific data, such as costs, description of the building stock or climate data. The user may also modify model specific definitions such as simulation time frame, interest rates and technology data in a flexible way. When starting the programme for the first time, after the setup the user will be faced with a registration tool. By sending the filled in e-mail form the user will receive a free registration code enabling the program to run. An instruction manual on how to use this tool is also provided.

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Kritéria pro systémové plánování obnovitelných energetických zdrojů (=Criteria for system planning of utilisation of RES)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: J. Beranovský, 2001, 88 p. CS Evaluation System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool Local/Regional/National Planning | Resource assessment | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

This guidebook follows up and elaborates in detail the previously released publication “Methodologies for evaluation of suitability and potential of RES for the purposes of energy balances, energy statistics and regional energy planning”. The guidebook allows the audience to develop regional energy plans by use of improved and further developed multicriteria methodology and considering potentials and possibilities of utilisation of RES. The purpose of this publication is the design and selection of suitable criteria and parameters for definition of energy planning variants/scenarios as well as multi-criteria methodology for evaluation of variants/scenarios within the regional energy planning process. In the introductory part, the current system for regional energy planning is described as well as commonly used terminology related to regional energy planning, regional energy balances and statistics. The main part of the guidebook focuses on design and selection of suitable criteria and parameters for evaluation of energy efficiency and utilisation of RES in the region, as to elaborate on regional energy balances and statistics. Design of the methodology for two common tasks within the regional energy planning process is elaborated in detail using methods of multi-criteria evaluation and decision making: (1) Analysis of availability and potential utilisation of RES; (2) Coverage of energy demand of individual sub-regions. Furthermore, process of formulation of municipal and regional energy plans and basic principles of optimal energy efficient development of municipality and region, basic principles for new development and reconstruction of existing buildings, utilisation of RES and way to maximal energy self-sufficiency are elaborated and described.

Low exergy systems for heating and cooling of buildings
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Mia Ala-Juusela ed. et al., 2003, 292 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual Private Buildings | Energy consumption | Heating

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Installers

This guidebook is intended for architects and engineers who are designing heating and cooling systems for buildings. Some background information is offered for builders, building maintenance managers, political decision makers and the general public. A database of low energy components is available with guidelines for selecting products. Examples of system concepts for different buildings and climates are presented as well as a set of tools for analysis. The guidebook aims to help consultants and architects with their search for energy efficient heating and cooling systems that can provide the occupants with a comfortable, clean and healthy environment. The guidebook applies Exergy analysis to the human body to find optimal thermal conditions. This is a web-based tool, but is also available in pdf.

Luft/vattenvärmepump (=Air/water heat pump)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Energirådgivarna SYDOST - Energy Agency for South East Sweden, 2006, 2 p. SV Checklist | Guidelines Local/Regional/National Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers

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This is a short guide on how to install an air/water heat pump. It describes the type of heat pumps that exist before going into greater detail into the functioning of air/water heat pumps. The guide looks into the affordability of this type of pumps as well as the type of pump required based on the effect need of the house. The guide also includes a checklist of issues to be taken into consideration when buying a pump of this type.

Luft-luftvärmepump (=Installation guide for heat pumps (air-air))
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Energirådgivarna SYDOST - Energy Agency for South East Sweden, 2005, 2 p. SV Checklist | Guidelines Local/Regional/National Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Planners/Builders

This is a short guide on how to install an air/air heat pump. It describes the type of heat pumps that exist before going into greater detail into the functioning of air/air heat pumps. The guide looks into the affordability of this type of pumps as well as the effect required for a house based on W/m2. The guide also includes a checklist of issues to be taken into consideration when buying a pump of this type.

Maalämpöpumpu (=Heat pump guide)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: SULPU, 4 p. FI Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines Private Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Installers | Planners/Builders

This guide provides information on different types of heat pumps, how they work and the time period required for the initial investment in heat pumps to be recouped (payback period). The guide describes the different sources of heat for heat pumps, including the available heat energy for these.

Metody hodnocení vhodnosti a výtěžnosti OZE po účely energetických bilancí a energetické stastiky a pro účely regionálního územního pánování a energetických generelů (=Methodologies for evaluation of suitability and potential of RES for the purposes of energy balances, energy statistics and regional energy planning)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: J. Beranovský et al., 2000, 132 p. CS Evaluation System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines Local/Regional/National Electricity | Energy consumption | Heating | Planning | Resource assessment | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

The purpose of the guidebook is a detailed elaboration on methodologies for evaluation of suitability and potential of RES for the purposes of elaboration of local or regional energy balances, energy statistics and for the use in local and regional energy planning. The aim is to present a complex methodology of evaluation for individual types of RES at various levels of detail and for various purposes. The guidebook is targeted at local and regional administration, planners,

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energy experts and consultants. The publication includes: Definition of potentials of RES; Evaluation of national and EU legislative and policy context;Characterization and evaluation of individual types of RES;Description of methodologies of evaluation of suitability and potential of RES by individual types of RES and in various level of detail including practical examples;Basic principles of local and regional energy planning and energy management including utilisation of RES. The guidebook allows the audience to develop local or regional energy plans using consistent methodology and considering potentials and possibilities of utilisation of RES.

Miljøvennlig energiog arealbruk i sykehjem og omsorgsboliger (=Environmentally Friendly Energy in Hospitals and Care Homes)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Karin Høyland et al., 2001, 36 p. NO Guidelines | Planning Tool Local/Regional/National Buildings | Energy consumption | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities

This is a guide on how to integrate energy saving measures and renewable energy when building new hospitals and care homes or when renovating existing buildings of this type. Measures include the introduction of solar power, improved access to daylight, appropriate ventilation and the selection of the land area and location of the building. The guide is intended for the building sector but is also of use for public authorities to support the planning of more environmentally friendly buildings.

Odnawialne źródła energii. Efektywne wykorzystanie w budynkach. Finansowanie przedsięwzięć (=Handbook on renewable energy sources: effective use in buildings and financing the measures)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Slawomir Pasierb et al., 2006, 89 p. PL Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Planning Tool EU Phare Buildings | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

This handbook is addressed to public authorities, energy managers and citizens owning or managing buildings of different types (public, multifamily, single-family), who are trying to modernise or construct the energy source of building using Renewable Energy Sources (RES). As the information provided is not very complicated it can be also used by teachers, trainers or even pupils or students. The handbook describes the process of implementing RES in buildings in the following steps: 1. Assessment of energy demand for heat and hot water preparation; 2. Identification of financing sources available for implementation of RES in buildings; 3. Economic assessment of investment measures according to requirements; 4. Selection of technical solutions suitable for the type of building and its consumption. A special chapter touches on the issue of solar energy used for electricity generation. Depending on the educational level of reader, the handbook can be used to raise awareness of the benefits of RES, for the adjustment of available technical solutions to the given building and for preparation of a comprehensive feasibility study and business plan for installation of the selected RES.

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Renewable Energy

PERSEUS: guide des installations photovoltaïques raccordées au réseau électrique, destiné aux particuliers. Edition 2007. Comment peut-on produire son électricité avec le soleil? (= Guide for PV installations connected to the grid. How to produce electricity with the sun?)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Rhônalpénergie–Environnement ADEME / HESPUL / Région Rhône Alpes / Commission Européenne ed., 2007, 50 p. FR Feasibility Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool Local/Regional/National Buildings | Electricity | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Citizens | Installers

This brochure was prepared for householders who would like to install a photovoltaic (PV) system on their building. It brings simple yet precise answers to technical issues and questions: basic principles for a solar roof, specifics necessary for designing a project. The third part of the brochure is a step-by-step guide on designing a project, avoiding the usual mistakes and problems and the fourth brings complementary non-technical information related to law, financing, contracting, for example. The brochure also provides examples and interviews with current users. Practical tools such as a checklist and examples of how to calculate PV potential are provided.

PURE-Summary of photovoltaics (PV) best practices in the urban environment at European level
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: ROBOTIKER, 2006, 35 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Buildings | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Installers

This document acts as guidelines for architects, building developers and technicians, demonstrating the great number of possibilities for the integration of photovoltaic (PV) elements into buildings. It gathers together many proposed technical solutions, illustrated with examples. The main objective is to demonstrate that there is more than one possibility to integrate PV into buildings. The document addresses elements such as glass windows, skylights, balconies and other architectural features and shows how they can also act as PV electricity producers.

PURE-Technical and economic solutions for integration of photovoltaics (PV) into buildings
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Scheuten Solar (SST), 2007, 31 p. EN Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Buildings | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers

This document provides an overview of different photovoltaic (PV) modules and how to integrate them into buildings. It also includes information on profitability, economic aspects and best practice examples. The document presents the two different types of modules (laminate and glass) and their production. It then explains different ways of integrating the module into the roof or façade, and as a sun screening component. Next, the document shows how to integrate the modules in the most efficient way to achieve maximum energy output based on inclination, radiation and climatic aspects.

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The document also addresses economic aspects, which includes a comparison of different materials for designing a façade. Finally it provides examples of projects that have integrated PV modules into buildings.

REHES - Renewable energy for heat supply for dwellings with individual and local heating systems. Optimal technologies report
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: 2006, 85 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines EU RTD 2002-2006 Awareness Raising | Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Suppliers | Installers

This guidebook describes solar water heating systems and biomass heating systems. The guidebook is descriptive and illustrated, easy-to-ready by non-experts or by energy professionals without a significant background in renewable energy sources. For each energy source, the guidebook is organized in sections describing the energy production technologies, processess of energy production and costs, and it is illustrated by best practice examples. The biomass section includes information on biomass types and standards, and transport and storage of the raw materials. The solar water heating section includes an analysis of the markets and marketing issues for solar-based technologies.

RENEASE - Good practice guide for developers of sustainable social housing
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: RENEASE Consortium, 2002, 22 p. EN Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Altener / Save Buildings | Energy consumption | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

This is a short guide for developers on energy efficiency and renewable energy installation in new buildings. The document outlines basic concepts such as what sustainability is and explains the fundamentals of low energy design. It looks into building components and materials’ use and introduces renewable energy sources. It also examines the project in the context of the community in which the development would be situated. By promoting site planning, this document hopes to help reduce electricity consumption and lead to greater sustainability.

RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: GroundSource Heat Pump Project
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Natural Resources Canada, 2004 BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool Local/Regional/National Energy consumption | Evaluation | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software: Ground-Source Heat Pump Project is a decision support tool developed to evaluate the energy production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for ground-source heat pump projects. The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation platform for the various stakeholders involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility studies, disseminate knowledge to help people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical

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and financial viability of possible projects. The software includes product, project, hydrology and climate databases, a detailed online user manual, and a case study based college/university-level training course, including an engineering e-textbook. RETScreen can be used for feasibility studies; project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis; information dissemination; training; sales of products and/or services; project development & management; and product development/R&D. This tool is provided in 30 different languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used. Provided here are the general tool that can be utilised for analysis as well as a tool specific to ground-source heat pump projects. The individual tool is technology-specific, providing an energy model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions analysis, and a financial summary.

Sektorová příručka - obnovitelné zdroje energie (=Sectoral guidebook Renewable energy sources)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: J. Jakubes et al., 2006 CS Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Tips Local/Regional/National Energy consumption | Financing | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Industry | SMEs

This guidebook was developed by the Economic Chamber of the Czech Republic within its InMP (Information Points for Entrepreneurs) project. The guidebook, which is available in printed and electronic format, is primarily aimed at energy managers and other representatives of SMEs or the service sector. It is focused on various topics related to utilisation of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) and provides information about potentials, technical options, economic feasibility and possibilities of financing. The topics covered include: (1) Basic overview of RES, their advantages and motivation of entrepreneurs for their utilisation; (2) Detailed overview of potentials and possibilities of utilisation of various types of RES in the climatic and geographical conditions of the Czech Republic; (3) Overview of policy and legislation related to RES utilisation; (4) Evaluation of economic feasibility of investments RES technologies; (5) Possibilities of commercial financing of investments into RES; (6) Support to RES utilisation in the Czech Republic. The guidebook provides basic information as well as contacts and links necessary for identification and evaluation of renewable energy utilisation projects in industry or service sectors.

SENTRO - Inventory of building practice, barriers and solutions for market Introduction of alternative energy systerms in new buildings
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Klaus Hansen et al., 2007, 69 p. EN Decision Support System | Feasibility Model | Guidelines EU Intelligent Energy Europe Buildings | Evaluation | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO)

These guidelines are aimed at public authorities and energy agencies and address the inclusion of feasibility studies for alternative energy systems (AES) in the standard new building development process. The guidelines are one of the outcomes of the Sustainable Energy in New building-market inTROduction of feasibility studies (SENTRO) and is motivated by the need for feasibility studies as outlined by the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD). This inventory report gives an overview of the findings concerning possible barriers and solutions for the implementation of AES in seven European countries: Denmark, France, Lithuania, Poland, Slovenia, Sweden and the Netherlands. The focus is on the building process, and on technical, financial and organisational conditions for successful implementation of alternative energy systems in new buildings. It covers the following areas: potential AES; the building process and the actors involved; the drivers and barriers; and the recommendations for feasibility studies and to do so from an informed stand point.

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Renewable Integration into Buildings

Solceller (=Solar panels)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Solar Energy Centre Denmark, 2004, 16 p. DA Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual Local/Regional/National Buildings | Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Installers

This guide describes different types of solar panels and their integration into buildings. The design guide section includes a tool to calculate the energy that is produced from different solar panels based on the system in use and the location of the house in question.

Solvarme - den manglende brik I Danmarks energipolitiske puslespil (=Solar power - the missing piece in the Danish energy policy jigsaw)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Dansk Solvarme Forening, 2005, 6 p. DA Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines Local/Regional/National Buildings | Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Planners/Builders

This guide presents the benefits of installing solar power in buildings, compared to other energy solutions. There is a rather general section on integration of solar panels into buildings and their feasibility, with only rough estimates on costs. The guide also describes the use of solar power as part of architecture.

Studiu de soluţii privind electrificarea rurală din surse regenerabile de energie în contextul dezvoltării durabile. Programul 100 de gospodării electrificate prin utilizarea SRE în România (=Study and report about renewable sources technologies available for the electrification of rural areas in Romania)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Ioan Turcu (coordination) et al., 2008, 22 p. RO Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines Local/Regional/National Energy consumption | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

This guidebook is a ‘vademecum’ of available technologies applicable for the electrification of remote rural area is useful for citizens and planners. The aim of the guidebook is to support the preliminary selection of technologies and related power network typologies, documented by basic scientific data and easy-to-follow case-studies. The guidebook describes 3 blue prints of rural household electrification alternatives. Simple descriptions of applications that produce electricity from solar, wind and micro-hydro sources are included. Topology of energy networks based on these renewable sources is outlined. 5 case-studies of various energy-production types from renewable sources are summarized, photos included. The guidebook may support efforts of individuals or energy managers of small communities in designing appropriate renewable energy systems, on a small scale.

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TAREB - Low energy architecture training course
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: The Low Energy Architecture Research Unit (LEARN) of London Metropolitan University, 2004, 163 p. EN | ES | FR Guidelines | Tips | Training Material EU Altener / Save Buildings | Energy consumption

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Planners/Builders | Trainers/ Teachers

This manual provides information about the integration of renewable energy and other tools available to reduce energy consumption for buildings and the area surrounding buildings. This document gives a brief overview of the passive measures, and moves on to address what auxiliary heating and cooling systems are needed, addressing the main issues of the type of system best suited for the building, the ideal size (power) for the system, and what kind of energy sources and energy efficiency measures are possible to reduce overall costs and primary energy needs. The five chapters are entitled as follows: 1) Integration with building services, 2) Integration in buildings, 3) Energy assessment, 4) Energy in urban environment, 5) Environmental issues. All chapters are available in English, French and Spanish. They are available here as .zip files: one file per country that contains its five chapter files.

Temahefte - varmepumper i boliger (=Heat Pumps in Buildings)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: J. Stene M. Brånås, 2004, 40 p. NO Checklist | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool Local/Regional/National Buildings | Cooling | Heating

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Citizens | Energy Managers

This is a guide on how to install heat pumps in new and existing buildings. The guide is aimed at architects, energy managers and house owners. It describes heat sources, different types of heat pumps, system solutions and their feasibility. The report addresses in detail all the stages required for the installation of a heat pump.

Varmepumper – vær sikker på, at du køber et kvalitetsprodukt, der passer til netop dit hus (=Heat pumps - be sure to buy a quality product that suits your house)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Claus S. Poulsen, 2007, 3 p. DA Checklist | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines Local/Regional/National Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Citizens | Installers

This guide presents issues to take into consideration when buying a heat pump for a home. The issues covered include: certificates, efficiency, energy requirements, warranty, service, availability of spare parts and the type of heat pump tubing. The guide is intended for anyone who is planning to install a heat pump. The guide includes links to relevant Danish websites for further information.

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WasteWaterHeat - A continuously renewed heat source in urban areas!
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Waste Water Heat Consortium, 2007, 18 p. DE | EN Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips EU Intelligent Energy Europe Buildings | Cooling | Heating

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities

This guide takes the form of slides from a presentation, intended for energy agencies, ESCOs, planners and builders. It aims to stimulate the market for wastewater heat pumps, initiate pilot projects and disseminate information about the technology. It briefly covers: Reasons for using wastewater heat pumps; Wastewater heat potential; The market for wastewater heat; Use options; Target groups and key actors. Also included are examples from Germany, Sweden and Austria, taken from WasteWaterHeat’s best practice catalogue. This guide serves as a basic introduction to a lesser known technology, providing readers with an avenue to explore if they believe wastewater heat to be a viable heating/ cooling option for their organisation.

WasteWaterHeat - Best practices catalogue
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Waste Water Heat Consortium, 2007, 30 p. DE | EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Buildings | Cooling | Heating

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Technology Suppliers

This guidebook presents examples of best practice in the use of wastewater heat. It is aimed at ESCOs, planners and builders, and technology suppliers. It includes: An introduction to the concept of wastewater heat; A summary of market analyses from Germany, Austria, Norway and Sweden; Best practice examples for heat pumps; Best practice examples for heat exchangers; Success factors; Examples of successful heat pump implementation from Austria, Sweden, Switzerland, Germany and Norway; Examples of successful heat exchanger implementation from Austria and Sweden. Although the English language translation of this document is not perfect, it is still a useful guide to wastewater heat technologies; the examples of best practice provide the reader with valuable guidance for successfully implementing unfamiliar technologies.

WasteWaterHeat - Market Analysis - Summary of the national market analysis
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Berliner Energieagentur GmbH, 2007, 23 p. DE | EN Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Buildings | Cooling | Heating

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

This guide presents a market analysis of several countries’ approaches to using wastewater heat. The guide is intended for energy agencies, ESCOs, planners and builders. It provides a general summary for: Water consumption; Heat supply by heat pumps; Heat demand. National summaries for Germany, Norway, Sweden and Austria address: The heat market; Wastewater heat potential; Administrative, political and legal frameworks. A technical overview provides diagrams, charts and other information on: Heat pumps; Heat exchangers. This is a fairly detailed examination of a lesser known technology, enabling readers to better understand the market for wastewater heat and make informed choices if they wish to pursue the technology in their country.

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WasteWaterHeat - Technology catalogue
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: Sabine Piller et al., 2006, 21 p. DE | EN Decision Support System | Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Cooling | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Planners/Builders | Technology Suppliers

This guidebook documents the existing technologies available for the utilisation of wastewater heat. It is aimed at ESCOs, planners and builders, and technology suppliers. The catalogue presents technological information about different types of heat pumps and heat exchanger systems, including the following details: Functionality; Technical description and maintenance; Power, load, energy quantity and efficiency; Operational requirements; Financial data, for example investment costs and operational costs in /kW; Manufacturer information; An illustration of the technology, either a photograph or a diagram; Examples of implementation – case studies on Germany, Switzerland, Austria and Sweden. This is a detailed guide to wastewater heat technology that enables interested parties to gain a more practical knowledge of the options available to them. The pictorial representations enhance understanding of the physical workings of the technology.

XENIOS - Development of an audit tool for hotel buildings and the promotion of RUE and RES
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: XENIOS Consortium, 2003, 81 p. EN Calculation Tool | Energy Audit Model EU Altener / Save Buildings | Energy consumption | Evaluation

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Energy Managers

This is a computer multimedia tool for carrying out a building audit and diagnosis, primarily for hotels. Through this tool, stakeholders like hoteliers, technical managers, engineers and architects interested in refurbishing and upgrading a hotel will have the necessary tools for a first assessment of where and how to integrate the most cost-effective energy efficient renovation practices and renewable energy technologies and systems. The tool assists the user to complete a preliminary audit and analysis by assessing different retrofit scenarios for the building’s construction, electromechanical installations, energy performance and indoor environment. Within 2-3 days it helps to identify the current condition of the hotel and perform a first assessment of different refurbishment strategies making use of RUE and RES. The XENIOS tool is based on existing European methodologies for apartment (EPIQR www.estia.ch) and office (TOBUS http://tobus.cstb. fr) buildings developed in previous European research projects. Included here is the executable file of the tool and the guidance document instructing the user how to use the tool accordingly.

Ενσωμάτωση Τεχνολογιών ΑΠΕ & ΕΞΕ στον Οικιακό Τομέα (=Basic guidelines for the integration of renewable energy and energy saving technologies in domestic buildings)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Hellenic Center of renewable energy sources (CRES), 2006, 16 p. EL Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Tips EU Structural funds Buildings | Energy consumption | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Citizens | Energy Managers

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This tool provides basic guidelines for the integration of renewable energy and energy saving technologies in buildings. It targets interested parties such as architects, citizens and energy managers, and aims to raise their awareness on the integration of renewable energy and energy saving technologies into buildings. The main topics covered are renewable energy and energy saving practices and equipment. The tool consists of a 16-page pdf file which provides a unique approach combining energy saving measures and renewable energy appliances to reduce energy consumption and improve energy efficiency in the buildings sector. More particularly, the tool contains information on the energy consumption and bioclimatic design of buildings as well as on European legislation and guidelines. Appropriate saving energy and renewable energy technologies are examined separately in this tool. All useful technical details (related to pipelines, security bulbs and so on) are included. This detailed analysis, presented in a very comprehensive and eloquent way, is the main strength of the tool.

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Small Hydro
This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on small-scale hydro-electric applications. More tools and guidebooks can be found in the first level section on Renewable energy or by using the advanced search language.

Checklist on eligibility criteria for small hydro power projects in Bulgaria
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Bulgarian Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Credit Line, 2006, 1 p. EN Checklist | Planning Tool International Organisations Evaluation | Planning | Quality schemes

TARGET PUBLIC: Developers | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

Small Hydro Power projects applying for financing under the Bulgarian Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Credit Line (BEERECL) are subject to the Hydro Environmental Procedure. The procedure includes five stages, the first one being the eligibility criteria check. This is done by using the checklist here provided which includes a set of 9 eligibility criteria, here listed and explained. The table contains three columns titled: “eligibility criteria”, “descriptor” and “evidence”. The criteria presented are the following: regulatory compliance, water flow, water quality, fish passage and protection, watershed protection, threatened and endangered species protection, recreation, cultural issues and community issues. The information in the “descriptor” column provides a short explanation, usually in bullets, of the respective criteria. The information in the “evidence” column is about the necessary documents, certificates, or measures to be taken in order to prove the criterion has been met. The checklist is part of the first step of the selection procedure, provides a quick check for possible negative environmental and social impacts of a planned hydropower installation and gives directions on how these negative impacts should be avoided.

CLEAN-E - Development of ecological standards for hydropower
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Jochen Markard Stefan Vollenweider Eawag, 2005, 39 p. EN Benchmarking Tool | Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Electricity | Quality schemes

TARGET PUBLIC: Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities

The Clean Energy Network for Europe (CLEAN-E) project is concerned with the design and implementation of green energy labels. This guide aims to facilitate the transfer of the Swiss ‘greenhydro’ standard to green electricity labelling schemes in other countries by presenting the scientific knowledge and practical experiences of hydropower assessment in Switzerland. It is intended for energy agencies, labelling organisations and public authorities concerned with policy making. The guide consists of three parts: A summary of the Swiss experience developing the ‘greenhydro’ standard, including lessons learned; The assessment and certification procedures, including adaptable recommendations for context-dependent decisions; and a roadmap offering practical advice on the expansion of the greenhydro standard to organisations intending to establish hydropower certification in their country. The practical nature of the final section makes this guidebook essential reading for policy makers and labelling organisations in countries where hydropower is prominent, enabling them to exploit the renewable energy source whilst preserving the key ecological functions of aquatic systems. The use of such a comprehensive case study throughout the guide exemplifies well the underlying methodology; as a result, this is a valuable, realistic aid.

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Small Hydro

Guide d’accompagnement vers la certification ISO 14001 pour les producteurs d’hydroélectricité en Midi-Pyrénées (= Guidelines for the implementation of ISO 14001 standard by hydroelectricity producers in Mid-Pyrenees)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: ADEME/ARPE ed. Guide d accompagnement vers la certification ISO 14001 pour les producteurs d hydroélectricité en Midi-Pyrénées, 2005, 61 p. FR Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual Local/Regional/National Electricity | Monitoring | Quality schemes

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers

This methodological guidebook is based on the experience of autonomous hydro-electricity producers. It aims to assess the transferability of the ISO 14001 certification to the hydropower sector (preparation and monitoring). The core part of the guidebook is devoted to a step by step guide of tools and methods to implement an environmental management system in the sector.

Guide on how to develop a small hydropower plant
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Celso Penche European Small Hydropower Association - ESHA, 2004, 296 p. EN | ES | IT Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual Private Planning | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Industry | Installers

This guide provides potential developers of small hydropower plants with comprehensive information and advice on all necessary procedures for developing a site. It includes the key steps to be followed in order to run a plant. These steps cover hydraulic engineering, evaluation of water supply, design and site evaluation, civil works and hydraulic structures, electromechanical equipment, environmental impact evaluation, investment and financial issues, and administrative procedures. The guide will give the potential small hydropower developer a better understanding of the different issues, phases and procedures that need be followed to develop and run a small hydropower operation. This guide is divided into nine chapters and covers the basic concepts, meaning of definitions and technological issues. It is available in English, German, French, Spanish, Italian and Swedish as a CD-ROM. A copy of the CD-ROM can be requested via the email address on ESHA’s website. The original “Layman’s Guidebook on how to develop a small hydro site” published in 1998 is available here in Spanish and Italian.

Guidelines for micro hydropower development
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: SPLASH Consortium, 2005, 48 p. EN Evaluation System | Guidelines | Planning Tool EU Altener / Save Evaluation | Planning | Resource assessment

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders

This guide to Micro Hydropower Projects (MHPP), developed in the framework of the SPLASH project, is designed to present the main concepts and stages in MHPP development in a comprehensive form and simple language. It provides updates on recent developments in technology and relevant procedures. The text underlines the most frequent difficulties experienced in the development of small and micro hydropower projects, and the methodology described is intended to

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help developers avoid or overcome these difficulties. The guide helps to prepare pilot spatial and policy plans for small hydro projects. This tool looks at hydropower in Europe in general, but also gives introductory information about all the countries. It outlines the innovations in micro hydropower, the technical issues and environmental issues, and provides an economic analysis for hydropower. The aim is to promote better evaluation prior to the execution of a MHPP project, helping to decrease the risks and costs of small hydropower development.

Integrated method for power analysis (IMP 5.0)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Natural Resources Canada, 2004, 95 p. EN Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Planning Tool Local/Regional/National Evaluation | Planning | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Installers | Public Authorities

The Integrated method for power analysis (IMP 5.0) is a calculation tool for evaluating small-scale hydroelectric power sites. By utilising IMP (combined with the relevant meteorological and topographical data), in approximately one day of in-house study, an experienced user can evaluate all aspects of an ungauged hydro site. This includes a power study, development of a flood frequency curve and fish habitat analysis. Included in this software are different models that can be utilised for the site: a Flood Frequency Analysis Model that uses topographic information specific to the site to generate the flood frequency curve; a Watershed Model that will generate a continuous hourly or daily time series of streamflow for an ungauged site based on daily precipitation, maximum and minimum temperature and a description of the basin; a Hydroelectric Power Simulation Model that determines the daily energy output for a run-of-river or reservoir storage site based on selected generation facilities and the hydrologic daily time series generated by the Watershed Model; an optimisation routine performs a sensitivity analysis on the results of a simulation and provides an estimate of the optimal installed capacity from economic data; a Fish Habitat Analysis Model helps to determine the weighted usable area (WUA, the area available in a stream for fish to inhabit) of one or more types of fish in a particular stream cross-section at a particular flow. Instructions are available for this tool.

RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Small hydro project
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Natural Resources Canada, 2004 BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool Local/Regional/National Energy consumption | Evaluation | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software: Small hydro project is a decision support tool developed to evaluate the energy production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for Small hydro projects. The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation platform for the various stakeholders involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility studies, disseminate knowledge to help people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical and financial viability of possible projects. The software includes product, project, hydrology and climate databases, a detailed online user manual, and a case study based college/university-level training course, including an engineering e-textbook. RETScreen can be used for feasibility studies; project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis; information dissemination; training; sales of products and/or services; project development & management; and product development/R&D. This tool is provided in 30 different languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used. Provided here are the general tool that can be utilised for analysis as well as a tool specific to Small hydro projects. The individual tool is technology-specific, providing an energy model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions analysis, and a financial summary.

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Small Hydro

SHERPA - Hydopower and environment: technical and operational procedures to better integrate small hydropower plants in the environment
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Sara Gollessi et al., 2006, 23 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Electricity | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

The objective of the SHERPA project was to develop a promotional campaign for small hydropower (SHP) addressing the challenges and barriers to dissemination of the technology in Europe. This particular report describes ‘a new concept of hydropower design’ which takes a more environmentally-friendly and ecosystem-friendly approach than the traditional one. Illustrated with case studies, it is intended to help promote consistency in decision-making and ultimately to increase renewable energy use. Topics discussed include: - Low impact hydro planning, including multipurpose schemes, restoration of ancient water mills, upgrading and repowering existing SHP installations; - Mitigation measures, including reserved flow, aesthetic improvements, noise reduction, fish passes and fish-friendly turbines; Additional benefits, including trash rack material management, integration of other environmental purposes and hydraulic-forest arrangement. It concludes by emphasising the importance of good planning and management, and provides broad recommendations on a territorial approach, stakeholder involvement, monitoring, cost and efficiency. This is a well-presented guide which provides valuable advice on achieving the careful balance of environmental sensitivity when establishing, or revitalising, SHP installations.

SHERPA - Small hydropower
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: ESHA SHERPA Project Consortium, 2006, 4 p. EN Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Electricity | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

The objective of the SHERPA project is to develop a promotional campaign for small hydropower (SHP) addressing the challenges and barriers to dissemination of the technology in Europe. This set of three fact sheets aims to promote SHP by eliminating myths and providing clear factual details about the technology. They may be of interest to policy makers both as a decision making support and a resource for promoting SHP effectively to the public. The Technology fact sheet presents the different types of turbines and generators, explains how the electricity is distributed, and discusses costs and revenues. The Sector fact sheet describes the shape of the SHP industry, and discusses different types of engineering involved: civil, hydro-mechanical, electrical and environmental. The Environmental fact sheet puts forward the case for SHP as an important renewable energy technology, explains potential environmental impacts, and discusses the role of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) tool in minimising environmental damage when selecting a site for a SHP installation. These documents aim to raise the profile of SHP and free it from the common negative perceptions which bar its success, and which often arise from a lack of knowledge or misunderstandings.

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This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on small-scale solar applications such as domestic solar thermal heating and cooling and photovoltaic electricity production. More tools and guidebooks can be found in the first level section on Renewable energy or by using the advanced search to view a wider set of results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country or language.

A guide to photovoltaic system design and installation
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: Endecon Engineering and Regional Economic Research, Inc., 2001, 40 p. EN Checklist | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual Local/Regional/National Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Planners/Builders

This guide goes through the process of designing and installing a Photo-Voltaic (PV) System. It outlines simple principles and steps to follow, then goes into more depth on the design and installation of the system. In the system design section, the guide lays out options related to connection to the grid, and to mounting of the system. After this, the guide helps to calculate the estimated system output, related costs from labour and energy and cost savings from the system. The guide then explains what to look for in a supplier and system as well as the documentation and monitoring of the project. In the system installation section, the guide makes general recommendations, and more specific recommendations related to materials, equipment and installation methods. The guide then outlines the process of installation and breaks the project down into phases. At the end of the guide is an installation checklist.

Architecture et énergie solaire thermique. Pour une intégration réussie des capteurs (= Architecture and solar heating; how to succeed in integrating collectors)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: ADEME/ARPE ed., 2006, 16 p. FR Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool Local/Regional/National Heating | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Planners/Builders

This document targets architects, installers, designers, etc. It provides them with concrete information and guidelines to integrate solar panels into existing or new building, taking the landscape into account. The main chapters deal with: processing of the project, actual regulations in France (land-use planning, landscape protection, building authorisation...), principles for architectural integration of solar panels; advice for each specific type of roof; glossary and useful contacts by region.

BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on PV systems for electricity generation and building integration
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: GFE Energy Management SRL Escola Superior de Tecnologia de Setubal, 2002 EN Training Material

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Industry | Trainers/ Teachers

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FUNDING: KEYWORDS:

EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Training

This is a set of training materials that provides information on photovoltaic systems for electricity generation and building integration. It is an e-learning module directed to professionals and other end-users interested in learning about renewable energy supply (RES), mainly for buildings, but also potentially for any kind of installation. This e-learning module is divided into chapters, each with an associated abstract detailing information about photovoltaic systems. Each abstract is complemented by a longer chapter providing more detailed information and with a set of questions that can be used as a quiz or test.

BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on solar cooling
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: BEST RESULT Consortium, 2008, 163 p. EN Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Technologies/ Appliances | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers

This is a set of training materials that provides information on solar cooling. It is an e-learning module directed to professionals and other end-users interested in learning about renewable energy supply (RES), mainly for buildings, but also potentially for any kind of installation. This e-learning module is divided into nine chapters, each with an associated abstract detailing information about solar energy and solar cooling. Each abstract is complemented by a longer chapter providing more detailed information and with a set of questions that can be used as a quiz or test.

Cahier de charge-type audit chauffe-eau solaire (= Specifications model for auditing water solar-heating systems)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: X. Meersseman et al., 2006, 14 p. FR Decision Support System | Energy Audit Model | Guidelines Local/Regional/National Buildings

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers

Studies show that there is strong potential for developing water heating from solar sources within public accommodation centres and related infrastructures in Wallonia. A pre-feasibility study is necessary to assess the relevance of a collective thermal solar hot water installation in a building (swimming pool, hospital, homecare, accommodation, housing, etc); this is usually called a solar audit. This document, a reference tool for technicians and local authorities, presents the main elements and specifications to be included in a tender to order a solar audit. Some elements in the document (inventory of fuel consumption, hot water consumption numbers) could be done internally by the person in charge of energy or by the building manager.

Collectivités locales, campings, hôtels, chauffez votre piscine à l’énergie solaire (= Heating swimming pools with solar energy in municipalities, campings and hotels)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: ADEME/ARPE ed., 2006, 6 p. FR Guidelines Local/Regional/National

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | SMEs

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KEYWORDS:

Heating

Aquatic centres and swimming pools consume a lot of energy, and have a big impact on public costs in the locality. These guidelines were written for local authorities, to encourage them to choose solar heating, which is easy to install and manage. They propose concrete guidelines and drawings for choosing and installing the equipment. The guidelines also give four examples from the Midi-Pyrénées Region and useful contacts.

Comment réaliser un audit solaire? Guide à la réalisation d’une étude de faisabilité d’un projet solaire thermique. (= How to carry out a solar audit? Guidelines for a feasibility study of a solar heating project)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: IBGE ed., 2006, 22 p. FR Energy Audit Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool Local/Regional/National Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Managers | Installers

This audit method aims to support consultants by providing a method to assess the feasibility of integrating a large solar system for hot water into a building. The proposed audit method has been used since 2001, both in Wallonia and Brussels, within the Soltherm programme. The aim is to provide a quality installation for the best price. At the end of the study, an auditor using this method can summarize the results in the table provided to highlight the relevant economic, technical and environmental criteria so that the sponsor gets the overall picture at a glance and can make a decision either to have a solar system built or not.

Design software for solar systems on hotels in Cyprus
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Cyprus Institute of Energy EN Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool Local/Regional/National Buildings | Heating | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO)

This calculation tool was produced by the Cyprus Institute of Energy (CIE) for the design and optimization of solar water heating systems in hotels. The software is easy to use and the results interesting. Nevertheless, it is not clear if it is based on Canadian software or was developed by the CIE.

deSOLaSOL-Basics on PV (photovoltaic) projects finance
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Triodos Bank, 2006, 28 p. EN Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Financing | Planning | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Financial Operators

This report offers a basic analysis of the financial opportunities and challenges of photovoltaic (PV) projects in France, Germany, Portugal and Spain. It also includes tips on how to draft a financial proposal for consideration by potential investors. The report discusses the status of global PV markets, distinguishes between the types of systems (gridconnected versus stand alone systems) and then details how to create a financial proposal, discusses the financial calculations to be taken into account, and the types of financing available for such a project.

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EARTH - Ausbildungsskriptum solarwärme (=Training material for courses on solar water heating)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Friedrich Brandstetter et al., 2005, 113 p. BG | DE | LT | SL Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Heating | Planning | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers

The EARTH Project (Extend Accredited Renewables Training for Heating) aims to define a general set of knowledge, skills and abilities required of practitioners who install and maintain renewable heating systems, to ensure safety, quality and consumer acceptance. This is a manual for a training course for solar thermal heat installers in Austria. It is intended for producers and installers of solar water heating systems in order to increase system quality and thus raise the profile of solar water heating. Topics covered include: -The sun as the energy source of the future; -Establishing demand for heating; -Investment issues; -System dimensions for individual family houses; -Minimisation of heat loss; -Installation; -Marketing and sales strategies; -Costs and economic efficiency of solar thermal energy for water heating. The inclusion of photos, diagrams and worked examples contribute to the value of this handbook as an practical, educational tool that enables installers and producers to increased the quality of their service.

EARTH - Key competencies for the installation of domestic solar water heating systems
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: EARTH Project Consortium, 2005, 10 p. EN | FI | LT Checklist | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Heating | Planning | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Technology Suppliers

The EARTH Project (Extend Accredited Renewables Training for Heating) aims to define a general set of knowledge, skills and abilities required of practitioners who install and maintain renewable heating systems, to ensure safety, quality and consumer acceptance. This particular document is aimed at installers of domestic solar water heating systems, and provides a list of tasks which they must be able to undertake to be classified as competent installers. Topics covered include: -Environmental issues; -Solar water heating principles and technology; -Health and safety and legislation; Component identification and sizing; -Site assessment, planning and installation; -Roofing techniques; -Installation of solar collectors, hot water storage tanks, auxiliary components, electrical control systems, identification tags and labels; -Performing a system check; -Consumer education; -Maintenance. The document aims to be all-encompassing with the intention that it could provide a starting point for the creation of a training course for installers of domestic solar water heating systems; courses in each country would however need to be adapted to reflect national variations.

EARTH - Solar thermal heat installers’ course (syllabus)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Arsenal Research EARTH Consortium, 2005, 3 p. BG | DE | EN | FI Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Checklist | Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Heating | Technologies/ Appliances | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Technology Suppliers

The EARTH Project (Extend Accredited Renewables Training for Heating) aims to define a general set of knowledge, skills and abilities required of practitioners who install and maintain renewable heating systems, to ensure safety, quality and

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consumer acceptance. This particular document provides details of a training course in Austria for solar thermal heat installers. It explains the rationale and goals of the course, the benefits for students, training materials and course costs and an outline of topics to be studied during the course. The curriculum is divided into theory (including principles of solar thermal heating, calculations, marketing and sales) and training (including safety, installation methods and maintenance). This short guide provides an overview of the training course, with a view to promote it to public authorities and installation companies in Austria. To emphasise: this is an overview of the syllabus only, rather than the course itself. Contact details are provided for people interested in taking the course.

EAST-GSR - General recommendations for the successful GSR [Guaranteed Solar Results] charter implementation
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: CRES - Center for Renewable Energy Sources, 2007, 40 p. BG | EN | PL Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Contracting | Planning | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers

The EAST-GSR [solar thermal applications in EASTern Europe with Guaranteed Solar Results] project aimed to encourage the emergence of a sustainable solar thermal market by means of the GSR charter: a contract between the owner/ user of the solar thermal system and the installer/supplier. The charter defines agreed figures for water temperature and consumption, and agreed kWh/energy per year, for which the owner/user has financial indemnity if not reached. This particular guide aims to provide general recommendations for implementation of the GSR charter in each of the Eastern European partner countries, permitting flexible adaptation by each country according to its particularities and precedences. It discusses: -Solar thermal system requirements, including the European approach, testing infrastructure, and certification and market control; -Test method standards; and -Reinforcement of ‘guaranteed performance’ practices. The final section provides a clear summary table of recommendations and suggests a priority and timescale for each. Annexes provide details on the existing situation with the standardisation of thermal solar and a descriptionof the main testing infrastructure for solar thermal products in Greece. This guide is useful for policy makers and energy suppliers.

EAST-GSR - Professional handbook for collective thermal solar system design: Bulgaria, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: EAST-GSR Project Consortium, 2007, 99 p. BG | EN | PL | RO | SK | SL Calculation Tool | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Planning | Technologies/ Appliances | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Planners/Builders

The EAST-GSR [solar thermal applications in EASTern Europe with Guaranteed Solar Results] project aimed to encourage the emergence of a sustainable solar thermal market by means of the GSR charter: a contract between the owner/user of the solar thermal system and the installer/supplier. The charter defines agreed figures for water temperature and consumption, and agreed kWh/energy per year, for which the owner/user has financial indemnity if not reached. This particular guidebook is aimed at installers and planners, and it presents a manual for designing, sizing and installing solar systems for domestic hot water production. It outlines basic rules based on past experience and monitoring that follow five essential principles: -Simple installation, -Safety in use, -Integration in buildings, -Efficient performance, and -Monitoring. Particular emphasis rests on global system design, solar collector integration and sanitary regulation changes. The choice of the components and their installation following professional codes of practice is completed by recommendations and detailed comments concerning the sizing of the different parts of the installation as well as the calculation of the provisional performance.

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Edukacijski kit za uporabu energije sunca (= Educational kit on the use of the solar energy)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Maja Božičević Vrhovčak, 2007, 43 p. HR Game | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material Private Awareness Raising | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : NGOs | Trainers/ Teachers

The manual “Educational kit on the use of the solar energy” is the result of the cooperation between the non-governmental organisation Association for Sustainable Development Design and the private company Holcim Croatia. The manual describes in detail the equipment called “educational kit” that has been developed in this cooperation and delivered to the secondary school Mate Blažina in the city of Labin. The main target groups of this document are teachers but also students in secondary schools. This manual provides information about benefits of solar energy use. The most important topics covered by this manual are: (1) Use of solar energy for the production of electricity; (2) Use of solar energy for heating; (3) Experiments with the use of solar energy that can be organised as practical work in secondary schools. This document can be considered as a useful starting point for secondary school students interested in the possibilities of solar energy use in Croatia.

GREENBUILDING - Technical module on solar hot water and heating
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Georg Benke, 2006, 13 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Evaluation System | Guidelines EU Intelligent Energy Europe Buildings | Heating | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers

This tool is a product of the GreenBuilding Programme which is a voluntary programme that enhances the realisation of cost-effective energy efficiency potentials through: awareness, support and public recognition to companies. It is aimed at energy managers, ESCOs and installers and provides assistance for the process of assessing and realising the use of solar energy for hot water and heating. It summarizes the basics of using solar energy for hot water and heating provision including: different types of solar thermal systems; measuring the system; cost considerations. An Action Plan for implementing a solar thermal system, and advice of reporting the progress of that plan are given. The annex provides an example energy audit for new and existing thermal solar systems. This guide informs energy managers about the considerations that should be taken into account on the setting up or auditing of a thermal solar hot water/heating system.

GRSPASS - Contrat de Garantie de Résultats Solaires GRS-th (=GRS [guaranteed solar results] contract)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: TECSOL, 1999, 10 p. FR Contract Model EU Altener / Save Contracting | Procurement | Quality schemes

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities

This is a contract which expresses the desire of solar energy professionals to improve their service by offering more than just the supply of system components. The aim is to create ownership of work and responsibility to differentiate and recognise quality work and therefore improve the image of the solar energy industry. The solar collector manufacturer,

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the installer and the system manager are chosen by the client, with the help of the technical consultant after a call for tender. The usual criteria for the evaluation of offers (price, quality and company references) are complemented by the annual energy production of the planned solar system. The aim of the contract is to decrease the breakdown ratio of solar installations and to resolve issues related to the installation and maintenance of solar installations.

GRSPASS-Method of calculating which solar system would be best for your needs
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: TECSOL, 1999 EN | ES | FR Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool EU Altener / Save Buildings | Financing | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO)

This is an online calculation tool which simulates solar installations in order to establish which system would be most suitable for specific needs. The user inputs information about the requirements and the website provides recommendations on the location of collectors (whether on the roof, the ground, or on a terrace). The next step utilises calculation algorithms developed by the CSTB (Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment) to estimate the hot water needs in a building according to its type and the number of occupants. Based on this calculation, the provided information page gives a rough idea of the cost of a collective installation, the available subsidies and support as well as the impact on reducing CO2 emissions. This tool is provided in English, Spanish and French. However, it should be noted that when progressing through the steps of the tool, some of the choices and answers are still in the original French.

Installation d’un grand système solaire - Checklist pour rédiger le cahier des charges (Installing a large solar system - Checklist for wrtiting specifications)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Ministère de la Région wallonne - Direction Générale des Technologies, de la recherche et de l’Energie ed., 2004, 13 p. FR Checklist | Contract Model | Planning Tool Local/Regional/National Buildings | Contracting | Procurement

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers

After a ‘solar audit’ has confirmed the relevance and feasibility of a large solar energy system within a building, the next step is to write the tender for installation. This document provides energy managers in third sector buildings with a list of necessary elements which should be included when defining the tender specifications.

Installationsguide, nätanslutna solcellsanläggningar (=Installation Guide for Solar Power to Electicity Networks)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Switchpower, 2007, 20 p. SV Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines Local/Regional/National Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Installers | Planners/Builders

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This guide provides information on installing solar power to electricity networks. The guide is fairly technical and therefore mainly for use by professional installers with an existing knowledge of the subject. It describes in great detail different solar power systems, their components and the installation and maintenance processes.

Installer un grand système solaire de production d´eau chaude en Wallonie (=Installing a large solar water heating system)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: 3E, Cellule architecture et climat-UCL, Institut Wallon, 2006, 16 p. FR Contract Model | Decision Support System | Planning Tool Local/Regional/National Buildings | Heating | Procurement

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Installers | Public Authorities

Nowadays, hot-water solar system technologies are advanced and reliable. In the third sector there is huge potential for using renewable energy and reducing energy bills, especially for establishments which need large quantities of hot water such as public swimming pools, sports halls, hospitals and the accommodation sector. This brochure gives reasons for installing a solar hot-water system and presents cost-efficiency factors. It explains with simple words how and under what conditions to decide to install such a system and can be understood by non-technicians. The main steps of the implementation phase are described: defining the needs, assessing the technical/economic relevance, preparing a solar audit, financing the project, and writing tender specifications.

K4RES-H - Financial incentives for solar thermal: guidelines on best practice and avoidable problems
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: European Solar Thermal Industry Federation, 2006, 67 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Financing | Heating | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Financial Operators | Public Authorities

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RESH has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular tool supports the design of effective financial incentive schemes (FIS) for solar thermal heating and cooling, and as such, is targeted at legislators, public authorities, energy agencies and NGOs. It analyses existing experiences in several European countries, looking at FIS that have achieved their goal and those that have partially, or completely, failed. It comprises: - A discussion of the justifications and limits of FIS; - Guidelines for best practice; - Annexes of country case studies examining, amongst others, a market stimulation programme, regional subsidy schemes and white certificates for energy saving and energy efficiency. This is a useful tool to support policy makers in the design of effective FIS to promote the enhanced use of geothermal energy in Europe.

K4RES-H - Objective methodology for simple calculation of the energy delivery of (small) solar thermal systems
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: European Solar Thermal Industry Federation (ESTIF), 2007, 5 p. EN Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Planning Tool

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TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities FUNDING: KEYWORDS: EU Intelligent Energy Europe Energy consumption | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RESH has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular document proposes a simple calculation methodology to determine the energy yield of small solar thermal systems. Such a methodology could then be used by public authorities, for example, to base financial incentives on the expected solar thermal energy production rather than on more generic parameters like the collector area. This tool aims to assist with the assessment of heat energy from renewable sources produced and consumed in the European Member States.

K4RES-H - Setting verifiable targets for solar thermal
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: ESTIF - European Solar Thermal Industry Federation et al., 2007, 10 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Heating | Planning | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RESH has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular guide aims to inform policy makers on the importance of targets for achieving higher uptake of solar thermal as a heat source. It gives advice on setting verifiable targets for solar thermal to achieve growth in the short term as well as long term, and explains the importance of intermediate checks to ensure targets will be met. This is a short piece with a narrow scope, but it gives sensible advice on how to make targets more meaningful.

K4RES-H - Solar thermal action plan for Europe: heating and cooling from the sun
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: ESTIF - European Solar Thermal Industry Federation, 2007, 32 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RESH has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular guidebook provides a detailed introduction to solar thermal technology for heating. It aims to promote and raise awareness of the technology, and will be of interest to energy managers, ESCOs and public authorities, among others. It comprises the following sections: - How solar thermal works for different areas of use; - Key benefits; - The current market for solar thermal in Europe; - Replacing imported fuels with local jobs; - Market growth strategy; - Guidelines for effective policies. Although distinctly pro-solar thermal, this well-presented guidebook explains important concepts, equipping readers to make more informed choices about their heat source, and heating policies.

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L’energia fotovoltaica (=Photovoltaic energy)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: ENEA, 2006 IT Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips | Training Material Local/Regional/National Awareness Raising | Energy consumption | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Agencies | Installers

This small guidebook provides excellent guidance on small-scale photovoltaic applications. It provides clear information for citizens, installers, technology suppliers and dealers, staff involved in procurement, energy agencies interested in establishing a dissemination campaign on renewable energy applications and, finally, for vocational trainers and students. The guide provides an introduction to the energy source and its applications, such as stand-alone applications, gridconnected applications and their integration into buildings. It also provides tips on the sizing of technologies, providing information on how to perform a feasibility study and discussing financing options. The information is accompanied by illustrations and explanatory diagrams and technical schemes of the technologies. The clear layout and the images provided make this brochure a useful tool for dissemination and educational purposes.

Leitfaden photovoltaische anlagen (=Guidebook on photovoltaic installations)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Otmar Frühwald Daniela Pokorny, 2008, 36 p. DE Decision Support System | Guidelines Local/Regional/National Awareness Raising | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Installers | Planners/Builders

These guidelines aim to support the decision making process of those interested in the installation of photovoltaic (PV) technologies. Based on a review of the development of PV in Austria, the guidelines cover technical, economical and legal aspects of this technology.

Photovoltaic Project Model - Software
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Cyprus Institute of Energy, _ EL | EN Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool Local/Regional/National Buildings | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO)

This calculation tool was produced by the Cyprus Institute of Energy (CIE) for the design and optimization of solar water heating systems in hotels. The software is easy to use and the results interesting. Nevertheless, it is not clear if it is based on Canadian software or was developed by the CIE. The Canadian tool, the RETScreen Photovoltaic Project Model, can be used world-wide to easily evaluate the energy production, life-cycle costs and greenhouse gas emissions reduction for three basic photovoltaic (PV) applications.

PREHEAT: Solar heat storages in district heating networks
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: Klaus Ellehauge Thomas Engberg Pedersen, 2007, 50 p. EN

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TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS:

Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Heating | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Installers | Technology Suppliers

The PREHEAT project aims to promote thermal storage and increase its funding possibilities by providing decision makers at the European level with a reference framework to maximise the environmental, commercial and economic benefits of heat storage. This guidebook examines the concept of using solar heat storage technologies in district heating networks. It is intended for actors in the solar heating storage industry and the district heating industry, and aims to promote the combination of these technologies as an advancement in the field. It is largely based on work carried out and results obtained in Denmark on storage systems for large solar heating plants in district heating networks. It covers: -History of the technologies; -Collector fields and system layout; - Tried-and-tested short term storage options; -More experimental long term storage methods; -Consequences of establishing solar heat in CHP (combined heat and power, or ‘cogeneration’) areas; -Price development and economics. An appendix provides contact details for the Danish companies involved in all stages of the example projects. The advice given by this guidebook is based on real-life experience, giving it credibility to reassure those who have not encountered this combining of technologies before. The inclusion of company contact details is a definite advantage for readers who have further questions.

Propuesta de modelo de ordenanza municipal: captación solar para usos térmicos (=Proposal for a model of municipal regulation for the implementation of solar heating systems at the local/municipal level)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía (IDAE), Ministerio de Industria, Turismo y Comercio, 2002, 52 p. ES Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool Local/Regional/National Heating | Planning | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Managers | Public Authorities

This guidebook is a proposal for legislation for the implementation of solar heating systems at a local/municipal level presented by the central government. It compiles several regional solar heating regulations, including all the regulations for solar heating systems in home heating, swimming pools, but also covers regulations for industrial processes and agriculture.

PV Certification - Objectives and task analysis for the photovoltaic system installer
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: PV Practitioner Standards Technical Committee, 7 p. EN Checklist | Training Material EU Altener / Save Quality schemes | Technologies/ Appliances | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Industry | Installers | Technology Suppliers

This document presents a task analysis (job analysis or key skills analysis) to define a general set of competencies and/ or skills typically required of practitioners who specify, install and maintain photovoltaic (PV) power generation systems and equipment. Specifically, the task analysis helps to establish the basis for training curricula, and helps to define requirements for the assessment of practitioners. These tasks may be used as guidelines for organisations that wish to train, test, certify, or otherwise qualify existing or new workers to install PV systems. The principal goal is to help develop an accredited training infrastructure that produces a knowledgeable, skilled, and experienced workforce, thus helping to ensure the safety, quality, and consumer acceptance of PV installations.

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PV Certification - Quality management in photovoltaics: manufacturers quality control training manual
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: PV Certification Consortium, 2002, 224 p. DE | EN | ES | FR Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Training Material EU Altener / Save Evaluation | Quality schemes | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Industry | Technology Suppliers

The purpose of this manual is to help photovoltaics (PV) firms to install their own quality management system and meet established global quality standards. The Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) was created to establish a uniform approach to quality assurance and this training manual is part of this effort. The manual describes in simple terms what is required by the ISO 9001 standard and how PV companies can install a quality management system easily and inexpensively. Achieving a benchmark global quality for PV components and systems enables the establishment of a quality manufacturing process along with a quality assurance system. This training manual describes the various elements of the quality management system, introduces the PV Quality Mark and Seal and explains how these labels help customers to distinguish high quality PV components and systems from those of poor or unknown quality. The PV Quality Mark and Seal is also likely to enhance the globally competitive position of PV manufacturers who are qualified and licensed to use these labels. This manual is provided in English, French, German and Spanish.

PV Certification - Syllabus for training a PV system installer
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: PV Certification Consortium, 2002, 9 p. EN Guidelines | Training Material EU Altener / Save Quality schemes | Technologies/ Appliances | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Installers | Planners/Builders | Technology Suppliers

This document is a training course to train installers of photovoltaic (PV) systems. The course contains practical assessment requirements and a rig test specification. It is divided into 8 main areas: photovoltaic systems; standards, regulations/guidelines, Codes of Practice; PV Safety; System components; Approvals; Installation; Commissioning and testing; and Customer care.

pvresources.com - Photovoltaic software
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Denis Lenardic, 2008 DE | EN | FR Monitoring System | Planning Tool | Simulation Tool Private Monitoring | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Planners/Builders

The pvresources.com website provides links to a collection of various software products related to photovoltaics. This software can be used as planning or monitoring tools. The types of software tools linked from the website include: simulation tools; economic evaluation tools; tools for the analysis and planning of photovoltaic systems; monitoring and control tools; tools for site analysis; and websites with online tools. The tools are generally available in English, French or German, although not all tools are available in all languages.

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PV-UP-SCALE-Demand side value and benefits of photovoltaics (PV)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Demet Suna et al., 2006, 67 p. EN Decision Support System | Evaluation System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities

This report identifies, evaluates and quantifies some of the major benefits of urban scale photovoltaics (PV) based on the specific characteristics of a country. The benefits are classified into the following groups: avoiding fossil fuels; environmental benefits; electric utilities benefits; industry development and employment benefits; and customers’ individual benefits. The analysis of each benefit includes the derivation of a general methodological approach which is suitable for all countries/ regions analysed, whilst the quantifiable examples aim to demonstrate country specific differences and perceptions. The purpose of this report is to provide analysis on where financial barriers can be removed and to present information on benefits to diverse stakeholders to enable a wider market penetration of PV technology.

PV-UP-SCALE-Economical drivers and market impacts of urban photovoltaics (PV)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Assumpcio Lopez-Polo et al., 2007, 67 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Guidelines EU Intelligent Energy Europe Financing | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Industry | Public Authorities

This study analyses the success of various governmental programmes and not governmental programmes for grid connected photovoltaic (PV) systems worldwide and identifies some success criteria for market deployment strategies. This study reviews past and current programs and analyses the effect of these programmes in terms of achieving a transformation towards a self-sustaining market. The analysis looks at various financial incentives, regulatory and voluntary programmes, and identifies the success criteria for such programmes, which can be used to help design new strategies.

PV-UP-SCALE-The PV database for urban photovoltaic (PV) applications
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: PV-UP-SCALE Consortium, 2007 EN Benchmarking Tool | Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Buildings | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Managers | Public Authorities

This online searchable database provides information on urban photovoltaic (PV) solar energy integrated into buildings. The database contains case studies with summaries and more detailed downloadable PDFs, which also include lessons learned. The projects in this database are searchable by country, start date, type of PV application (façade, flat roof, inclined roof, structures, and unknown structures), whether the project was new or a retrofit, the power total of the project and by keywords in the project descriptions. There are over 300 different projects in the database. Once a project is selected, the database shows a short description of the project, location, start date, application type and power total. Some summaries also include pictures, PDFs, case studies, and further details about the project to help the reader gain a better understanding of how the project was implemented.

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PVWatts: A Performance Calculator for Grid-Connected PV Systems
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: NREL - National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 15 p. EN Calculation Tool | Planning Tool Local/Regional/National Awareness Raising | Energy consumption | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities

PVWATTS calculates the electrical energy produced by a grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) system. Researchers at the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory developed the tool to allow non-experts to quickly obtain performance estimates for grid-connected PV systems. It allows the user to select a location from a list (U.S. and outside the U.S.) and to make calculations using the default system parameters, or user-inputted parameters (PV system size, local electric costs, whether a fixed or tracking PV array, and the PV array tilt and azimuth angles). PVWATTS calculates monthly and annual energy production in kWh and financial savings. The user may also choose to output hourly AC power data which can be saved to a text file. PVWATTS v.1 uses hourly Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) weather data and a PV performance model based on Sandia National Laboratories’ PVFORM to estimate monthly and annual AC energy production (kWh) and cost savings for a crystalline silicon PV system.

Quickscan - Logiciel de calcul pour évaluer l´intérêt économique d´un chauffe-eau solaire dans son installation (= Quickscan – Calculation software for assessing the economic relevance of installing a solar water heating system in the company)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: B. Huberlant Ministère de la Région Wallonne - Direction générale des technologies, de la recherche et de l’énergie ed., 2002 FR Calculation Tool | Decision Support System | Feasibility Model EU Altener / Save Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers

This calculation tool aims to rapidly assess the appropriateness of installing a solar water heating system in specific buildings, either in the health sector (hospitals) or in collective housing. A handbook is provided to help users with the software. This is a decision support tool to be used before proceeding to a solar audit. Three models are available which target specific audiences: the health sector, collective housing and third sector buildings such as hospitals.

RES-e Regions - GuÍa para instalaciones fotoboltaicas conectadas a red (=PV Project Developers Leaflet: Copenhagen, Slovenia, Castilla and Leon, Andalucia, Navarra)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: RES-e Regions Project Consortium, 2006, 8 p. DA | ES | SL Checklist | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Electricity | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

The aim of the RES-e Regions project was to boost renewable electricity dissemination in 11 regions by defining concrete regional targets and strategies. These reports are aimed at developers, and provide advice on how to implement individual installations of photovoltaics in these different regions. Each report is region-specific and is written in the language of the

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region. They cover such topics as: - Administrative barriers; - Economic and legislative supports; - Current legislation; Best practice examples. The region-specific nature of these reports makes them a valuable asset to developers and policy makers looking to increase the penetration of photovoltaics in their local region, as they may cover barriers or success factors unique to that region that more general guidebooks have neglected to include.

RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Passive solar heating project
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Natural Resources Canada, 2004 BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool Local/Regional/National Evaluation | Financing | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software: Passive solar heating project is a decision support tool developed to evaluate the energy production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for Passive solar heating projects. The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation platform for the various stakeholders involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility studies, disseminate knowledge to help people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical and financial viability of possible projects. The software includes product, project, hydrology and climate databases, a detailed online user manual, and a case study based college/university-level training course, including an engineering e-textbook. RETScreen can be used for feasibility studies; project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis; information dissemination; training; sales of products and/or services; project development & management; and product development/R&D. This tool is provided in 30 different languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used. Provided here are the general tool that can be utilised for analysis as well as a tool specific to Passive solar heating projects. The individual tool is technology-specific, providing an energy model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions analysis, and a financial summary.

RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Photovoltaic project
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Natural Resources Canada, 2004 BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool Local/Regional/National Energy consumption | Evaluation | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software: Photovoltaic project is a decision support tool developed to evaluate the energy production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for Photovoltaic projects. The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation platform for the various stakeholders involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility studies, disseminate knowledge to help people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical and financial viability of possible projects. The software includes product, project, hydrology and climate databases, a detailed online user manual, and a case study based college/university-level training course, including an engineering e-textbook. RETScreen can be used for feasibility studies; project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis; information dissemination; training; sales of products and/or services; project development & management; and product development/R&D. This tool is provided in 30 different languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used. Provided here are the general tool that can be utilised for analysis as well as a tool specific to Photovoltaic projects. The individual tool is technology-specific, providing an energy model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions analysis, and a financial summary.

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RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Solar air heating project
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Natural Resources Canada, 2004 BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool Local/Regional/National Energy consumption | Evaluation | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software: : Solar air heating project is a decision support tool developed to evaluate the energy production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for Solar air heating projects. The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation platform for the various stakeholders involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility studies, disseminate knowledge to help people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical and financial viability of possible projects. The software includes product, project, hydrology and climate databases, a detailed online user manual, and a case study based college/university-level training course, including an engineering e-textbook. RETScreen can be used for feasibility studies; project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis; information dissemination; training; sales of products and/or services; project development & management; and product development/R&D. This tool is provided in 30 different languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used. Provided here are the general tool that can be utilised for analysis as well as a tool specific to Solar air heating projects. The individual tool is technologyspecific, providing an energy model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions analysis, and a financial summary.

RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Solar water heating project
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Natural Resources Canada, 2004 BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool Local/Regional/National Energy consumption | Evaluation | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software: Solar water heating project is a decision support tool developed to evaluate the energy production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for Solar water heating projects. The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation platform for the various stakeholders involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility studies, disseminate knowledge to help people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical and financial viability of possible projects. The software includes product, project, hydrology and climate databases, a detailed online user manual, and a case study based college/university-level training course, including an engineering e-textbook. RETScreen can be used for feasibility studies; project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis; information dissemination; training; sales of products and/or services; project development & management; and product development/R&D. This tool is provided in 30 different languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used. Provided here are the general tool that can be utilised for analysis as well as a tool specific to Solar water heating projects. The individual tool is technology-specific, providing an energy model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions analysis, and a financial summary.

SOLAIR - Best practice catalogue on successful running solar airconditioning appliances
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: Edo Wiemken ed., 2008, 66 p. EN | ES | FR

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TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS:

Benchmarking Tool | Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Cooling | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Managers | Planners/Builders

The SOLAIR project aims to resolve some major market obstacles for solar air-conditioning (SAC) technologies, including limited awareness and lack of know-how, instruments and information standards. The goal is to assist the market diffusion of these technologies. This best practice catalogue aims to present the applicability of solar cooling technologies within different building environments, at different locations and with different technical solutions. It provides an overview of successfully running small- and medium-sized SAC appliances, thereby displaying different technical opportunities within SAC systems. Technologies covered include: chilled water systems; open cycle processes; and solar thermal collectors. Best practice examples are presented from Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain. The catalogue is available in English, Spanish and French.

Solar Keymark II - Calculation procedures based on the EN 15316-4.3
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Dominique Caccavelli, 2007, 14 p. EN Calculation Tool | Evaluation System EU Intelligent Energy Europe Evaluation | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Installers | Planners/Builders

The Solar Keymark II project developed a piece of software based on the calculation method in the EN 15316-4.3 European standard: Heating systems in buildings — Method for calculation of system energy requirements and system efficiencies — Part 4-3: Heat generation systems, thermal solar systems, which was adopted in June 2007. The EN 15316 standard gives methods for calculation of the thermal solar system input for space heating and/or domestic hot water requirements and the thermal losses and auxiliary energy consumption of the thermal solar system. This report describes the validation work carried out on a piece of software developed in the framework of the Solar Keymark II project. The software makes it possible to calculate the monthly and annual thermal performance of a thermal solar system as well as the energy savings and the quantity of CO2 avoided compared with a conventional system. The validation described in the report relies on different test cases of thermal solar systems that were the subject of a measurement campaign in single-family houses, residential buildings or in the non-residential sector.

Solar Keymark II - DHWScale: Software for extrapolating performance test results of one solar domestic hot water (DHW) system tested to systems of the same type but differing in size
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Professor Dr.-Ing. habil. H. Müller-Steinhagen, 2008, 34 p. EN Calculation Tool | Evaluation System | Simulation Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Evaluation | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Installers | Technology Suppliers

This calculation tool aims to provide a tool with which it is possible to extrapolate the performance test results obtained from one system configuration of a solar domestic hot water (DHW) system to other systems of the same product line (ie hot water systems with the same construction but different collector and storage dimensions). The idea is that this can save time and costs with regards to the testing of systems by predicting the solar fractions of the whole product family without having to test each of the system configurations. The calculation tool itself is in the fom of an Excel spreadsheet; it is accompanied by a short manual. Another accompanying paper describes the mathematical model behind the calculation tool, assessing its accuracy through use of a trial test (a product line was tested in three laboratories and the results compared to the results of the model).

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Solar Keymark II - Energy performance certificate: contribution of solar thermal systems
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Dominique CACCAVELLI Carol BUSCARLET, 2007, 12 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Calculation Tool | Evaluation System EU Intelligent Energy Europe Buildings | Energy consumption | Quality schemes

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Planners/Builders

The Solar Keymark II project aimed to open up the European market for high quality solar thermal products by providing a quality mark with which to certify their conformity to the European standards, thus reassuring investors. This report aims to demonstrate how software based on the EN 15316-4.3 standard can be used in conjunction with energy performance calculation methods and how Energy Performance Certificates (which are prescribed under the EU Energy Performance Building Directive (EPBD) display the energy performance of a building and offers advice on cost-effective measures to enhance energy performance) can be positively influenced by solar thermal systems.

Solar Keymark II - Guidelines/material to HVAC experts and installers on solar thermal
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Dominique Caccavelli, 2007, 12 p. EN Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Buildings | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Installers | Technology Suppliers

This document contains a list of existing material for heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) experts and installers on solar thermal, in particular guidelines for decision makers. Topics covered by the materials include: solar thermal in various types of buildings (including housing, hotels, hospitals and sports centres); boosting demand for solar thermal technologies and addressing barriers to their use; solar hot water systems; district heating; solar thermal for heating and cooling; solar thermal as a primary energy source; solar thermal collectors; large solar thermal systems; and combinations of solar thermal and other technologies. Weblinks to the various documents are provided wherever possible. The documents are available in English, French, German and Italian; not all documents are available in all languages.

Solar Keymark II - Specific CEN keymark scheme rules for solar thermal products
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Jan Erik Nielsen, 2008, 11 p. EN Benchmarking Tool | Evaluation System EU Intelligent Energy Europe Quality schemes | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Financial Operators | Technology Suppliers

The Solar Keymark II project aimed to open up the European market for high quality solar thermal products by providing a quality mark with which to certify their conformity to the European standards, thus reassuring investors. These Specific CEN Keymark Scheme Rules for Solar Thermal Products act as a supplement to the CEN/CENELEC INTERNAL REGULATIONS – Part 4: Certification – 2006 (available at http://www.cen.eu/BOSS/supporting/reference+documents/ ir4august2006.pdf), in order to ‘Keymark’ solar thermal products covered by the standards EN 12975 and EN 12976.

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The scheme covers solar thermal collectors, factory-made solar thermal systems and solar water heater stores. The rules include information on: the requirements and assessment procedures for bodies engaged in certification, testing and inspection; specification of the manufacturer’s application file; the selection and submission of type test samples; factory production control and initial inspection of the manufacturing site; surveillance; supervised manufacturers testing; a list of bodies for the implementation of the scheme; fees; and additional requirements for obtaining the license. As the rules are updated, they become available from www.solarkeymark.org.

Solar Keymark II - Specific CEN Keymark Scheme Rules for Solar Thermal Products (version 9.04)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Jan Erik Nielsen SolarKey Int., 2008, 20 p. EN Benchmarking Tool | Evaluation System EU Intelligent Energy Europe Quality schemes | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Financial Operators | Technology Suppliers

The Solar Keymark II project aimed to open up the European market for high quality solar thermal products by providing a quality mark with which to certify their conformity to the European standards, thus reassuring investors. These Specific CEN Keymark Scheme Rules for Solar Thermal Products act as a supplement to the CEN/CENELEC INTERNAL REGULATIONS – Part 4: Certification – 2006 (available at http://www.cen.eu/BOSS/supporting/reference+documents/ir4august2006. pdf), in order to ‘Keymark’ solar thermal products covered by the standards EN 12975 and EN 12976. The scheme covers solar thermal collectors as defined in EN 12975, and factory-made solar thermal systems as defined in EN 12976. The rules include information on: the requirements and assessment procedures for bodies engaged in certification, testing and inspection; specification of the manufacturer’s application file; the selection and submission of type test samples; factory production control and initial inspection of the manufacturing site; surveillance; supervised manufacturers testing; a list of bodies for the implementation of the scheme; fees; and additional requirements for obtaining the license. A series of annexes accompany the report: a template for a Solar Keymark factory inspection report (Annex A); a summary form to record EN 12975 test results (Annex B1); and a summary form to record EN 12976 test results (Annex B2). As the rules are updated, they become available from www.solarkeymark.org.

Solar Keymark II: Standard method for calculating collector annual output
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: SP Technical Institute of Sweden, 2007 EN Calculation Tool | Decision Support System | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Evaluation | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers

The Solar Keymark II project aimed to open up the European market for high quality solar thermal products by providing a quality mark with which to certify their conformity to the European standards, thus reassuring investors. This tool is intended for those involved in planning a potential solar thermal installation, and aims to assist them with calculations of a solar collector’s annual output. The calculation tool itself is an Excel spreadsheet, which takes inputs for city location, collector information, distribution temperature and IAM (incidence angle modifier) type, and outputs results for the monthly and annual irradience and yield in kWh/m2, in a numerical table as well as a graph. Four city locations are given: Athens, Davos, Stockholm and Wurzburg, along with the option of a ‘user specified city’ for which the user must first input large quantities of data for ambient temperature, global and diffuse irradiation by hour, for all the collector angles possible to evaluate. Therefore this tool is of most benefit to project planners in the afore-mentioned four cities. The instructions for use are brief, but thankfully the tool is simple enough to understand without much instruction.

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SOLARGE - Course on collective solar thermal systems
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: SOLARGE Project Consortium, 2008 EN Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Heating | Technologies/ Appliances | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers

The aim of the SOLARGE project is to open the market to large solar thermal systems through provision of training, information and communication materials. This particular tool is a set of training materials. It is aimed at planners and installers, and intends to inform its audience about collective solar thermal systems. Each chapter comprises presentation slides addressing a section of the training course: Introduction; Basics; Planning; Plant schematics; Design and dimensioning; The collector field; Further components; Mounting and initial operation; Project development; Planning exercises and software utilisation. The slides are not accompanied by explanatory text; it is assumed that the course instructor has sufficient knowledge to undertake the training. Therefore this training material acts as a starting point - the quality and effectiveness of the training will depend more upon the course instructor and how he/she makes use of the material, than the slides alone.

SOLARGE - Good Practice database
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: SOLARGE Project Consortium, 2008 EN Benchmarking Tool | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Heating | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Suppliers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

The aim of the SOLARGE project is to open the market to large solar thermal systems through provision of training, information and communication materials. This particular tool is a database of good practice, providing information on the success factors of existing solar thermal plants throughout Europe. It is intended for those involved in the planning, building and running of large solar thermal plants, and aims to provide practical guidance to ensure the optimal success of new plants. The projects are presented in a comparable format, and searches can be made by country, plant size, or by building type (including multi family houses, hotels, hospitals and sports centres). As well as a description of the project’s characteristics, financing, development and technical issues, specific information is given on success factors of the plant, including solutions found to problems that were encountered. Each project’s datasheet can be downloaded from the website. This is an excellent resource for those involved with planning solar thermal plants. One minor drawback is that a few projects do not include all the information they are supposed to, but as there are over 150 entries there should still be enough information to aid decision-making. The full database is in English only, but abridged versions are also provided in Danish, French, German, Italian, Dutch, Slovenian and Spanish, giving only examples from their respective countries.

SOLARGE: Solar heat for large buildings – guidelines and practical examples for apartment buildings, hotels and business
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: SOLARGE project consortium, 2006, 72 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

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The aim of the SOLARGE project is to open the market to large solar thermal systems through provision of training, information and communication materials. This brochure is intended for building planners in the residential building, hotel and local government sector who aim to make buildings ready for the ‘solar age’. It presents examples of large solar thermal systems across Europe together with experience gathered in operating them. It covers: -Fields of application; Components; -System approaches; -Heating circuits; -Costs; -Planning procedures; -Solar air conditioning; -Best practice catalogue of hot water systems, space heating systems and other applications. It aims to encourage similar projects and invite replication, enabling planners to learn from past mistakes and successes.

SOLARGE-03-Promotion Campaigns (Berlin, Turin, Rome, and Slovenia) for Collective Solar Thermal Systems
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: SOLARGE project consortium, 2007 EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Heating | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities

The aim of the SOLARGE project is to open the market to large solar thermal systems through provision of training, information and communication materials. This guide presents a collection of successful promotional campaigns for collective solar thermal systems (CSTS). It is aimed at public authorities and energy agencies, enabling them to promote CSTS effectively through the inspiration of tried-and-tested methods, thereby supporting its introduction to the market. There are four best practice examples: a combination of natural gas and solar heating in Berlin, Germany, aimed at potential investors and operators; a large-scale solar thermal plant in Turin, Italy, aimed at investors and technicians; large-scale solar thermal plants in Rome, Italy, aimed at investors, technicians and public administrators; municipal CSTS implementation in Zagorje ob Savi, Slovenia, aimed at potential investors. These examples show how local communities benefit from the positive and innovative ‘solar atmosphere’ in the housing sector. The components of this guide give useful advice on how best to design promotional campaigns so they are well-tuned to real market barriers and the opportunities existing in individual communities. Each example is available to read online on the SOLARGE website, as well as in a downloadable pdf format.

SolCamp - Sunčevi toplinski sustavi za kampove (=SolCamp - Solar thermal systems for camping sites)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Robert Pašičko Daniel Rodik, 2007, 27 p. HR Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Technologies/ Appliances | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Agencies | Public Authorities

The manual “Solar thermal systems for camping sites” has been developed within SolCamp, a European project to provide Solar Energy for Camping sites. The main target groups of this document are camp owners and solar technologies installers in Croatia. The conversion of solar irradiation into heat is one of the most efficient technologies using solar energy. This manual provides detailed information on the state of the art, dimensioning of systems, costs and benefits of the solar thermal systems for heating water at camping sites. The most important topics covered by this manual are: (1) Planning and dimensioning of the solar thermal system for the camping site; (2) Installation of solar thermal systems; (3) Costs and yields of the solar thermal system for the camping site. The manual contains many useful tips for the implementation of the solar thermal system for the camping site.

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

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SolCamp - T*SOL camp - Software for dimensioning solar thermal systems for camping sites
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Dr. Valentin EnergieSoftware GmbH, 2006 DE | EN | ES | HR | IT | PL | PT | SL Calculation Tool | Planning Tool | Simulation Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Heating | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Installers | Planners/Builders

The SolCamp project aimed to encourage the provision of Solar Energy for Camping sites. This simulation software aims to help with calculations regarding the dimensioning of solar thermal systems for camping sites. The software takes into account the special conditions at camping sites, such as the specific hot water demand profile. The software including the manual is available in German, English, Polish, Slovenian, Croatian, Italian, Spanish and Portguese and can be downloaded free of charge from Dr. Valentin EnergieSoftware GmbH as a demonstration version. However the demonstration version is limited to only one system configuration and is only usable temporarily. The full version is available for purchase via http://www.valentin.de/shop/tsolcamp.

SOLPOOL+-Common approach for the implementation of solar heating systems for outdoor swimming pools in Europe
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Günter Schumacher, 2007, 21 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Industry

The report develops a common approach for campaigns to promote the use of solar heating systems for outdoor swimming pools. This includes an assessment of barriers and funding in a number of countries, and suggestions for information to be included in campaigns. A promotion methodology is developed to collect data about the existing conditions in this field. A detailed overview is then developed on the technology in use for pool heating and available solar thermal systems. The report then suggests developing reliable information about national and regional boundary conditions and barriers. The report then describes the expected markets and existing financial support for solar thermal pool heating systems. Examples are provided to demonstrate funding schemes that could be transferred to other countries.

SOLPOOL+-Impact advisor
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Sonnenenergie e.V., 2007, 4 p. CS | DE | EL | EN | FR | HU | IT | SL Calculation Tool | Decision Support System | Energy Audit Model EU Intelligent Energy Europe CO2 emissions | Energy consumption | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers

The Impact Advisor is a basic decision support tool that provides policymakers or investment decision-makers with basic information on solar pool heating, including the calculation of dimensions, building and operation costs, economic gains, energy savings and reduced CO2 emissions for solar pool systems in comparison to conventional heating methods. The Impact Advisor offers a quick and easy first estimation, but does not replace detailed planning and accurated measurements.

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SOLPOOL+-State-of-the-art of outdoor swimming pool heating systems: European summary report
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Günther Schumacher et al., 2007, 68 p. EN Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Planning | Procurement | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Planners/Builders

This summary provides an overview of existing solar thermal technology for the heating of outdoor pools. It summarises: state of the art local energy supply for outdoor pools; state of the art solar thermal applications for outdoor pools; potential of solar thermal applications in outdoor swimming pools; barriers; best available techniques; best practice; grant schemes; and case studies in a number of countries. Through identifying barriers, a targeted campaign can be planned to help development of solar thermal technology for this purpose. The summary also gives an overview of the market potential for solar thermal pool heating systems. By listing the state of the art systems, those systems with the best performance can be identified and their suitability for implementation in other pool heating systems can be demonstrated. The performance of the system, financial situation, technical implementation and regional characteristics are taken into account. The summary also provides a list of case studies, including information on the plant size and power.

SOLTHERM - Campaign guidelines
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Bart van der Ree et al., 2003, 84 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines EU Altener / Save Awareness Raising | Heating | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers

This is a guide on how to enlarge the market for solar heating products. This report aims to provide recommendations and guidelines for any party involved or interested in market enlargement actions for solar heating products in Europe. These are based on the experiences of campaigns that have made a significant contribution to the growth of the solar heating market in European countries in the past decade. This report provides guidance for campaigns and market stimulation actions that can be initiated by various actors including local authorities, energy utilities, consultants and energy agencies. The report also discusses opportunities for promotion and publicity for both the demand side and the supply side, as well as guidance for quality management.

SOLTHERM - Database of solar thermal tools and guidebooks
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: ECOFYS, BV, 2004 EN Planning Tool EU Altener / Save Financing | Monitoring | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers

This is a directory of reports and guidelines for tools and resources for market development campaigns of solar thermal products. This is an extensive European database for tools and guidelines pertaining to solar thermal products. Subjects like system design and application tools as well as guidelines to develop successful market campaigns based on the combined experience of the national parties can be found in the database. This multi-language database is searchable on-line. It is possible to choose from over 160 tools, model texts and materials that have proven useful in solar campaigns.

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These tools are shared and are commented on by a variety of market players throughout Europe. This database is searchable by category of tool, user of tool, action and language.

Soltherm - Document technique relatif au solaire thermique (= Soltherm – Technical document on solar heating)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Ministère de la Région wallonne - Direction Générale des Technologies, de la recherche et de l’Energie ed., 2004, 28 p. FR Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual Local/Regional/National Buildings | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Installers | Planners/Builders

This document aims to fully inform technicians about issues related to solar technology, including types of sensor, reservoirs and regulations. Each piece of equipment is presented with efficiency graphics and calculations.

SOLTHERM - European market report
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Bart van der Ree et al., 2003, 81 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines EU Altener / Save Heating | Planning | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Industry | Public Authorities

This guide analyses the EU solar heating market and provides advice and guidance on how to create and support the market. It is a synthesis of thirteen Market Analysis Reports – for ten European countries and three specific regions. It highlights the main patterns and characteristics in the European markets for solar heating products and analyses how these markets have developed and the underlying factors that have influenced them. Measures to overcome nontechnical barriers to market introduction are discussed, including incentives, regulations and agreements. Opportunities and potentials for new market actions and campaigns are also identified in this report.

Solvärme för campingplatser (=Solar Energy for Campsites)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Svenska solenergiforeningen et al., 4 p. SV Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual Local/Regional/National Electricity | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Developers | Energy Managers

This short guide provides information on integrating solar power into various facilities at a campsite. It describes the types of solar panels that are likely to be most suitable for different uses on campsites, for example for heating swimming pools and tap water.

Solvarmekalkulator (=Solar heat calculator)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: Solvarme Center, 2008, 1 p. DA

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TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS:

Calculation Tool Local/Regional/National Buildings | Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Planners/Builders

This calculator provides the user with rough estimates on the solar energy produced from medium-sized solar power systems and their costs, based on inputted data. The data to be input consists of the average yearly water use, the area of the solar panel (the tool automatically estimates the recommended heat storage container), the angle of the solar panel, the type of building and so on. The calculator then estimates the amount of solar power used (kWh/year) and how it compares to hot water boilers.

STEP FORWARD - A general guideline for marketing campaigns on solar systems
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Ludwig Karg et al., 2005, 91 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool EU Altener / Save Awareness Raising | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities

The Step Forward project has produced resources for market development campaigns for solar thermal products. They will be of interest to public authorities, NGOs and energy agencies, and any other actors involved in the solar sector who wish to establish or improve a network. The Step Forward guidelines advise on the development and implementation of regional solar campaigns and networks. It covers network partners, organisation and financing, public relations, consulting and training, special offers and model projects and innovations. The Step Forward brochure combines information from three sets of national and international initiatives, all of which involved setting up and implementing local and regional marketing campaigns for the promotion of solar thermal applications, mainly for hot-water, but also for space heating and cooling. Through these examples, other awareness-raising campaigns on solar power can be implemented.

Warmte uit zonlicht (= Heating from the sun)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: ODE-Vlaanderen, Ministerie van de Vlaamse Gemeenschap Afdeling Natuurlijke Rijkdommen en Energie (ANRE) ed., 2005, 32 p. NL Guidelines | Tips Local/Regional/National Buildings | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Planners/Builders

These technical guidelines illustrate renewable energy technologies and explain how to implement them in the building sector. They provide concrete tips on self-producing solar energy and a guide for installing solar panels on houses. They also provide a long list of relevant websites and useful addresses in the Flanders region of Belgium.

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Transport Biofuels (Supply Side)
This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on the supply side of biofuels for use in transport, including resource and land use planning aspects. For biofuels applications on the demand side see also the Transport theme, Alternative Fuels and Vehicles section or by using the advanced search to view a wider set of results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country or language.

AGRIFORENERGY-Biofuel production by farmers (introductory guidebook)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Agriforenergy Consortium, 2006, 12 p. DE | EN | IT | RO | SK | SL Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips EU Intelligent Energy Europe Resource assessment | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Farmers/Forestry | Technology Suppliers

This guidebook for farmers and forest owners provides tips on how to get involved in the production of biofuels. The involvement of European farmers in the biofuel market is mainly limited to the role of a raw material supplier for the production of biodiesel or bioethanol. However, successful examples from Austria show that farmers are able to open up a new area of business as a regional supplier of biofuels such as biodiesel, pure vegetable oil or biogas. This guidebook aims to increase the number of farmers and forest owners involved in producing biofuels. It also helps farmers to take advantage of new subsidies under the Common Agricultural Policy to grow biofuel crops. The guidebook discusses the state of biofuels in Europe, biofuel production technologies, biomass feedstocks for biofuel production, and increasing biomass supply, and concludes with best practice examples to encourage increased biofuel production.

BIODIESEL CHAINS - Biocarburants, maximisons les bénéfices: Manifeste de ValBiom pour un développement harmonieux des biocarburants (=BIODIESEL CHAINS - Maximising the benefits of biofuels: ValBiom’s manifesto for the harmonious development of biofuels)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Valérie Thiels Jean-Marc Jossart, 2007, 25 p. FR Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Resource assessment | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

This report is concerned with maximising the advantages of biofuels to increase their attractiveness as an alternative fuel option and thus advance their uptake. It addresses: energy diversification, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, deforestation, environmental agricultural impacts, price impacts, agricultural potential, socio-economic impacts, and rational use of energy (RUE). It is aimed at policy makers, and intends to aid the construction of a policy framework for the development of biofuels. This guide has a strong focus on the advantages of biofuels, which perhaps limits its value as an objective policy making guide when not consulted in conjunction with other sources, but does make it a good resource for promoting biofuels to sceptical or uninformed audiences.

BIODIESEL CHAINS - Emerging best practice
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: Guido Reinhardt et al., 2007, 56 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System

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TA R G E T P U B L I C : Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: EU Intelligent Energy Europe Planning | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

The objective of the Biodiesel Chains project is to promote favourable conditions to establish a market for biodiesel within countries making limited progress in this task: Greece, Belgium, Poland, Cyprus, Romania and Bulgaria. This report collates information on emerging best practices and commercialisation of biodiesel in leading European Member States, with the aim of helping them to be adapted and transferred to participating countries. It will be of interest to policy makers, technology suppliers and energy suppliers. The report includes case studies from Germany, Austria, Poland, France and the United Kingdom, providing examples of drivers and barriers experienced in countries whose markets for biodiesel are already more established. These case studies are reviewed, analysed and discussed in the context of best practice for legislative, economic and informational measures. The summary of main barriers and drivers is a useful addition to this experience pool which can be consulted in the context of designing strategies to promote biodiesel.

BIODIESEL CHAINS - Etat des biocarburants en Belgique et propositions (=BIODIESEL CHAINS - The state of biofuels in Belgium and recommendations for the future)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: Jean-Marc Jossart Chée de Namur, 2007, 27 p. FR Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines Local/Regional/National Planning | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities

This report provides an analysis of biofuels in Belgium. It is aimed at those involved with policy making, and advises them on legislative needs and measures to increase biofuel use. It discusses current European and Belgian legislation relevant to biofuels; examines biofuel production and markets, including feedstock production and biofuel processing, public transport and vehicle construction; the impact biofuels have on carbon dioxide emissions; the socio-economic impacts of biofuels; and provides recommendations for legislative action and financial incentives to improve the market and increase the use of biofuels. It is most relevant for Belgium because the recommendations are based on a discussion of the Belgian biofuel market, but there are some more transferable elements which could prove useful to readers in other countries, such as socio-economic impacts of biofuels and recommendations to improve communication to the public.

BIODIESEL CHAINS - EU-27 biodiesel report: legislation and markets
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: Raffaello Garofalo, 2007, 102 p. EN Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Planning | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities | SMEs

The objective of the Biodiesel Chains Project is to promote favourable conditions to establish a market for biodiesel within countries making limited progress in this task: Greece, Belgium, Poland, Cyprus, Romania and Bulgaria. This particular report provides an outline of all legislation regarding measures for the promotion of biofuels, biodiesel production and markets in the EU-27 countries. A summary of the situation for the European Union in general is given, before chapters addressing each EU-27 country separately. The same structure is followed throughout: - Legislative measures for promotion of biofuels, including background, recent developments, legislation, taxation and other supporting measures; - Biodiesel production and markets, discussing the market in general, feedstock, standards, and research and development. This is a useful resource for those involved in the expansion of biofuel markets, for example: policy makers, technology suppliers and feedstock producers.

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BIODIESEL CHAINS - Market structures
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Guido Reinhardt et al., 2007, 65 p. EN Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Planning | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

The objective of the Biodiesel Chains Project is to promote favourable conditions to establish a market for biodiesel within countries making limited progress in this task: Greece, Belgium, Poland, Cyprus, Romania and Bulgaria. This particular report provides information to further the creation of country-specific favourable conditions to increase market penetration of biodiesel in the participating countries. Areas covered include: - Policies and regulations; - Raw material supply; - Biodiesel producers; - End users; - International trade. No concrete recommendations are made, as the countryspecific nature of the problems prevents a ‘one size fits all’ solution. This does not, however, render the guide useless; on the contrary, it highlights the importance of adjusting approaches to make them appropriate for their destination to ensure success.

BIODIESEL CHAINS - Strategy formation: SWOT analysis
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Dimitris Glekas et al, 2007, 34 p. EN Decision Support System | Evaluation System | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Planning | Resource assessment | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

The objective of the Biodiesel Chains Project is to promote favourable conditions to establish a market for biodiesel within countries making limited progress in this task: Greece, Belgium, Poland, Cyprus, Romania and Bulgaria. This particular report provides guidance on SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) for a biodiesel development strategy. The aim is to provide a resource for creating a favourable policy framework to promote biodiesel. It includes: - An introduction to SWOT analysis, its purpose and methodology; - A general SWOT analysis for a biodiesel; - Countryspecific SWOT analyses for the aforementioned countries. This is a useful guide for policy makers as it provides a general overview of advantages and disadvantages of biodiesel as compared to conventional diesel, enabling them to make informed decisions.

BIOFUEL MARKETPLACE - Biofuel SWOT - analysis
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Dominik Rutz Rainer Janssen, 2007, 21 p. EN Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

This guide was created by the Biofuel Marketplace Consortium, which aims to promote biofuel technologies, raise awareness, disseminate research findings and help to reduce European dependency on conventional fuels. This guide presents several SWOT analyses (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) comparing biofuels to fossil fuels, and comparing different biofuel options with one other. The following biofuels are assessed: Biofuels and Fossil Fuels, Bioethanol, Lipid Derived Biofuels, Biomethane, BtL Fuels (biomass-to-liquid) and Bio-Hydrogen. The guide claims that through the use of a qualitative assessment tool such as SWOT analysis, which presents pros and cons without passing judgement, this work can serve as an objective base for discussing best options for future transport fuels. It provides interested parties with a platform from which to build a favourable policy framework to promote biofuels.

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BIOFUEL MARKETPLACE - Biofuel Technology Handbook
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: Dominik Rutz Rainer Janssen, 2008, 152 p. EN Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers

This comprehensive handbook was created by the Biofuel Marketplace Consortium which aims to promote biofuel technologies, raise awareness, disseminate research findings and help to reduce European dependency on conventional fuels. The aim of this handbook is to contribute to diminishing existing barriers to the broad use of biofuels by informing politicians, decision makers, biofuel traders and all other relevant stakeholders about state-of-the-art biofuels and related technologies. The first section covers: biomass potential, biofuel policies and the biofuel life cycle. The second section gives detailed descriptions of the large variety of feedstock types and conversion technologies, including both first and second generation biofuels: bioethanol, biodiesel, pure plant oil, and biomethane; and BtLfuels (biomass-to-liquid fuels), biohydrogen and bioethanol from ligno-cellulose. The third section discusses the future of biofuels: first versus second generation options, integrated refining concepts and strategies for new vehicle technologies. This is a brilliant resource for those involved in policy making, enabling them to make informed decisions with regard to alternative fuels such as biofuels.

BIOFUEL MARKETPLACE - The biofuel market in Austria – prospects for central eastern Europe
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: Doris Wirth, 2006, 34 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers

The Biofuel Marketplace Consortium aims to promote biofuel technologies, raise awareness, disseminate research findings and help to reduce European dependency on conventional fuels. This guide examines the biodiesel market, mostly in relation to Austria, but with applicability to other countries in the region. It is intended for public authorities, aiming to encourage them to take up biofuels for applications within their remit - for example public transport, as in the given example of best practice of a converted bus fleet in Graz. Whilst it is only a short presentation, the information provided is useful, particularly the section on future prospects for biofuels within central eastern European countries, and the model business plan. It enables those in decision-making capacities to make informed choices about fuel and provides them with a blueprint to follow to make the change.

Bio-NETT-Biofuels in the European Union: a vision for 2030 and beyond
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: Biofuels Research Advisory Council, 2006, 32 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Resource assessment | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities

The Bio-NETT project aimed to develop a supportive framework for the growth of local biofuel markets for public sector transport fleets across the EU, through capacity building, attitude change and awareness raising in the public sector, the agricultural sector and the wider supply chain. This guidebook addresses issues relevant to EU biofuels policy, outlining

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Transport Biofuels (Supply Side)

a vision and a strategy to markedly increase the production and use of biofuels in the EU. It is aimed at policy makers, biomass producers and biofuel producers. It includes an overview of the current situation and policy context; biofuels in the current fuel mix; resource availability; biomass conversion technologies; challenges and opportunities for the future; a vision for biofuels for 2030 and beyond; areas for strategic research; deployment (including a technology roadmap); and recommendations. The recommendations are designed to enable achievement of the 2030 vision, in conjunction with the scenarios and strategic guidance provided by the Biofuels Technology Platform. This is an optimistic guide, providing a roadmap for increasing the production and consumption of biofuels in the EU. One shortcoming is that while the need for sustainability is emphasised, no concrete advice is given on how this may be accomplished.

Carbon Labelling-Report on the present state of bio-diesel in Malta and measures for its promotion
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Malta Resources Authority, 2007, 22 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Resource assessment | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities

The Carbon Labelling project presents methods to promote biodiesel use, disseminate information on the potential carbon efficiency of biofuels and promote the concept of carbon labelling. This guide is aimed at policy makers and biomass and biofuel producers. It examines the factors that hinder the penetration of biofuels in small countries in the EU-10, preventing them from reaching targets set out in the Directive on the use of biofuels for road transport (2003/30/EC). The first section introduces the main issues and scope of the project. The second section discusses major areas where limitations prevent small EU Member States achieving the Biofuels Directive’s targets: raw materials; infrastructure; quality issues; economy of scale; negative publicity; and competing sectors. The final section proposes measures to overcome these obstacles: legislation; fiscal incentives; substitution obligations; and carbon labelling and public education. Although Malta is used as a case study, the recommendations made are applicable to all Member States where the development of biofuels is hindered by the small size of the country. This is a valuable guidebook whose focus on country size sets it apart from similar literature on obstacles to biofuel development. This angle is hugely beneficial for Member States such as Malta, enabling policy makers to understand the root cause of obstacles and overcome them.

PROBIO-Three-pronged strategy for the integrated promotion of the biodiesel chain
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: PROBIO project Consortium, 2007, 22 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Financing | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities | Transport Operators

The PROBIO project set out to encourage integration between production and consumption in the biodiesel supply chain throughout Europe. It proposes a three-pronged strategy of local market development initiatives, promotional activities and training. This particular guidebook provides an action plan for public authorities and transport operators to implement the PROBIO strategy. The suggested actions aim to resolve two main barriers: the lack of knowledge and information among farmers which limits the raw material supply for biodiesel production; and the lack of awareness among the general public, local authorities and transport related sectors. Recommendations include: a comparative study of energy crops and cultivation practices, establishment and/or analysis of a waste oil collection network, tax cuts for biodiesel users, inter-sectoral commercial agreements (between local authorities, large consumers and distributors), the creation of a biodiesel ‘bonus card’scheme, training for farmers, mechanics and petrol station attendants, and promotional brochures, exhibitions and articles. The guidebook is based on experiences in five European regions - three in Spain, one in Slovenia and one in Italy. The recommendations are largely transferable to other regions and countries; the inclusion of five different

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regions allows for variability in local circumstances, thus ensuring a range of advice is given. A table at the end of the brochure provides an excellent summary of the main recommendations.

Référentiel méthodologique pour la réalisation d’analyses de cycle de vie appliquées aux biocarburants de première génération en France - Rapport final (= Methodologic reference guidelines for Life Cycle analysis applied to first generation biofuels in France. Final report)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: Poitrat E., 2008, 158 p. FR Decision Support System | Evaluation System Local/Regional/National CO2 emissions | Monitoring | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities

In the global context of a strong growth in the biofuels market, the issue of evaluation criteria such as greenhouse gas emissions and comparison with non-renewable energy consumption is of key importance. In this situation, public authorities need assessment tools and methodological references for analysing the impact of biofuels and resulting changes in local air pollution. This decision support system does not provide a life cycle analysis of biofuels; it rather aims to build a common tool with different experts to assess the impacts of biofuels in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, energy consumption, and local air emissions.

REFUEL - Assessment of biomass potentials for biofuel feedstock production in Europe: methodology and results
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: Günther Fischer et al., 2007, 81 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Simulation Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Resource assessment | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Farmers/Forestry | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

The REFUEL project was designed to encourage a greater market penetration of biofuels. This particular study assesses Europe’s biofuel feedstock production potential, based on various land use scenarios. It is aimed at decision-makers, stakeholders and other actors involved in the planning and development of biofuels, and is intended to support decision making through the illustration of potential future scenarios. It describes the Pan-European land resources database, and the methodology employed to estimate future land availability, explains the assumptions made for the “high”, “low” and “baseline” scenarios, and presents the results of the study. This study provides valuable guidance for decision-makers, allowing them to base speculation about the outcomes of certain choices on realistic, well calculated scenarios.

REFUEL - Biofuels cost developments in the EU27+ until 2030: full-chain cost assessment and implications of policy options
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: H.M. Londo et al., 2008, 48 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Simulation Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Financing | Resource assessment | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Farmers/Forestry | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

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Transport Biofuels (Supply Side)
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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Transport Biofuels (Supply Side)

The REFUEL project was designed to encourage a greater market penetration of biofuels. This report shows the results of a full-chain analysis of the costs of different biofuels. It is aimed at policy makers, and intends to inform their decision making with regards to future investment and development of biofuels. The effects of different levels of biofuel target setting were analysed, as well as the impact of additional policy measures, such as a CO2 pricing mechanism and specific subsidies. The guide takes a well rounded approach, following a clear structure: -Introduction; -Specification of model assumptions and inputs; -Development of biofuels and impacts at different ambitions levels; -Analysis of impacts of additional policy options; -Additional sensitivity analyses; -Key conclusions. This is a useful guide for policy makers, enabling them to make well informed decisions based on realistic, well thought out scenarios and projections, ultimately ensuring biofuels reach their potential as a viable alternative fuel of the future.

REFUEL - Biomass resources: potential and related costs
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: M.P. de Wit A.P.C. Faaij, 2008, 59 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Resource assessment | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Farmers/Forestry | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

The REFUEL project was designed to encourage a greater market penetration of biofuels. This report describes the methodology followed to estimate the European domestic biomass resource potential and related costs. It does so for three projection estimates concerning agricultural food production (lower, base, and higher). Furthermore, the concrete results include spatial cost and dedicated bioenergy production potential overview for Europe (EU-27, Norway, Switzerland and Ukraine). After an introduction to the topic in the first chapter, the second describes the methodology employed and the input parameters. The third presents the resulting estimates for: -Available land for bioenergy crop production; -Biomass resource cost-supply potential; -Spatial cost and supply. Chapter four considers the quality of data used and compares key results to those of similar studies. The final chapter explains the implications of the results for policy development particularly regarding: -the choice of first or second generation supply chain routes; -food and feed production and self sufficiency; -agricultural productivity. It goes on to suggest further research into yield levels, sustainability and biodiversity, and land use (change). This is a useful guide for policy makers, farmers and other stakeholders in biofuels development, enabling them to better imagine potential future scenarios for land use and biofuel production, and thereby make more informed decisions.

REFUEL: A qualitative analysis of policy instruments meant to promote biofuels for transport
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Julia Hansson et al., 2007, 33 p. EN Benchmarking Tool | Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Evaluation | Planning | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities

The REFUEL project was designed to encourage a greater market penetration of biofuels through the development of a biofuels ‘roadmap’. The premise of this guidebook is that biofuels should be developed through policy instruments. Its target audience is policy-makers, and it aims to contribute to their knowledge of policy instruments for the transportation sector through the qualitative analysis of existing instruments designed to promote biofuels. The analysis is based on a general characterisation of the instruments, which are evaluated according to their significance for selected political objectives. This yields a systematic, theoretical summary and a qualitative comparison of the policy instruments. Section two outlines the economic theory context for the policy instrument discussion, while section three discusses the analysis. The final section gives a recommendations for developing policy instruments for biofuels. This is an excellent guidebook for policy-makers wishing to further the implentation of biofuels; it acts as both a benchmarking tool and guidelines, allowing the best policies to be identified by the analysis and implemented following the recommendations.

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REFUEL: Defining sustainability criteria for biofuels
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: Marc Londo et al., 2007, 15 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Quality schemes | Resource assessment

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities

The REFUEL project was designed to encourage a greater market penetration of biofuels through the development of a biofuels ‘roadmap’. The objective of this guide is to define sustainability criteria for biofuels production and use, that Member States can effectively implement alongside national biofuel targets. It is aimed at policy makers. It outlines five elements for sustainable biofuel production and use: greenhouse gas savings; environmentally sound agriculture and forestry management systems; preservation of special value landscapes; safeguard concerns over social impacts and limit market distortions; and integration with food, feed and various materials production. Monitoring the effects of land use and land use change is discussed, followed by advice for the encouragement of second generation biofuels. Finally, futher actions for reaching the 10% target in 2020 are discussed. This guide provides useful advice for policy makers, enabling them to make well-informed decisions on the crucial issue of biofuel sustainability.

Theoretical ethanol yield calculator
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: US Department of Energy, 2006, 2 p. EN Calculation Tool Local/Regional/National Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Farmers/Forestry | Technology Suppliers

This tool is designed to calculate the theoretical yield of ethanol from a potential feedstock of biomass. From the dry matter weight fraction of polymeric sugars, this calculator will determine the theoretical yield in gallons per dry ton of feedstock. These calculations can be based on the Biomass Feedstock Composition and Property Database, other data sources, or the user’ s own research to determine the dry matter weight fraction of polymeric sugars. The values are then inserted into the calculator to obtain an approximation of the theoretical yield. Depending on feedstock and process, actual yield could be anywhere from 60% to 90% of the theoretical yield suggested by the calculator. The tool warns that achieving high yield may be costly, so lower yield processes may often be more cost effective.

ThermalNet: Economy of biomass-to-Liquids (BTL) plants: an engineering assessment
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: Harold Boerrigter, 2006, 29 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Financing | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Technology Suppliers

The ThermalNet project aimed to create a European network for biomass pyrolysis, gasification and combustion, and a forum to review and help resolve barriers that may be encountered in implementing these conversion technologies. This report endeavours to discover ‘the (economic) optimum scale for BTL (biomass-to-liquids) fuel production’. To achieve this the production costs of Fischer-Tropsch (FT) diesel were calculated as a function of the plant scale. A simple engineering approach was then used to determine the investment costs. This guide is aimed at those involved in setting up BTL plants, such as technology suppliers, energy suppliers and installers. The introduction deals with biofuel targets,

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Transport Biofuels (Supply Side)
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Transport Biofuels (Supply Side)
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potential markets for both first and second generation biofuels, implementation and the economy. The second chapter is concerned with the capital investment of GTL (gas-to-liquids) plants, BTL plants and FT synthesis downstream of existing plants. The third chapter on BTL diesel production costs examines gasification, pre-treatment, biosyngas conditioning and FT synthesis, as well as the impacts of transport, scale and biomass price on the cost of BTL diesel production. This guide informs the decision-making and design processes preceding the establishment of a BTL plant, enabling the plant to be as efficient and effective as possible.

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Other Renewable Energy Related Tools and Guidebooks
ACCESS-Existing standards for biomass fuels and biomass and solar technologies
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: ACCESS Consortium, 2007, 64 p. BG | CS | EN | HU | RO | SK Benchmarking Tool | Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Quality schemes | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Installers | Technology Suppliers

This report aims to promote the development of European standards for wood chips, wood briquettes and pellets and small-scale technologies for use of solar and biomass energy for hot water and/or space heating. The intention is to accelerate the adoption of European standards by producers of these technologies and fuels, and to stimulate the demand for standardised products by distributors and technology installers. A list of standards is included for biofuel and solar power at the European level. Standards for biomass fuels are also identified from Germany, Austria, Sweden, Italy, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia. Recommendations for improving national standards are provided, based on an assessment of the differences between the national and European standards.

ACCESS-Guidebook for combined solar thermal and biomass fired heating systems
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: Charalampos Malamatenios et al., 2007, 114 p. BG | EN | RO Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Financing | Planning | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Financial Operators | Planners/Builders

This guidebook outlines the techonolgical, economic and environmental benefits of solar thermal systems, biomass smallscale heating systems and the combination of both. It aims to increase the knowledge of energy users about the planning, implementation, maintenance and operation of these types of heating systems and discusses how to address the higher initial financial investment in comparison to fossil fuel heating systems. Descriptions are provided of demonstration plants as an example for future projects.

ACCESS-Guidelines and recommendations on Financing schemes for smallscale biomass and solar heating
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: K E Y W O R D S: ACCESS Consortium, 2007, 97 p. BG | CS | EN | HU | RO | SK Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Financing | Procurement | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Financial Operators | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers

This report gives an overview of the financial mechanisms and sources applied to small-scale biomass and solar hot water and heating technologies in most EU Member States, and offers recommendations as to how they could be improved.

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Other Renewable Energy related tools and guidebooks

In this way it aims to contribute to the large scale market penetration of these technologies. This report is a review of Europe-wide policy strategies (including EU policies) and promotion schemes, covering tax incentives, national, EU, or other financial support, grants, preferential bank loans, and third party financing. The report analyses the financing schemes and sources in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia. Opportunities to improve the application of the existing financing regime and to introduce new financing options have been identified and elaborated.

ACCESS-Method for the identification of optimal solar-biomass combined schemes
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: ACCESS Consortium, 2007, 2 p. BG | CS | EN | HU | RO | SK Calculation Tool | Decision Support System | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Evaluation | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers

This is an interactive software application to support the optimal design of solar-biomass systems by providing calculation tools for the assessment of technical and economical aspects of such systems. It is available to use online (Flash Player required). Users familiar with the subject should be able to use the tool immediately, while others are advised to follow the theoretical treatment of the subjects and/or topics of interest in order to familiarise themselves with the factors involved in the analysis. The application follows structured steps to perform an estimation of the following: sun geometry, local irradiance, monthly & annual solar fraction, and system economics. The user can begin exploring the application by selecting one of the city locations already in the database, while the open architecture of the application offers the flexibility to perform the above calculations for any location, as long as the user possesses all the necessary data.

ACCESS-Searchable database of biomass and solar companies
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: ACCESS Consortium, 2007. EN Decision Support System | Planning Tool | Tips EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Procurement | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers

This is a searchable database of contact information for biomass and solar companies in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia. Searches can be made by company name, country, type of activity (manufacturer/ producer, distributor/supplier, ESCOs, associations, design/consultants/development, public entities/planning research and development), or by technology type (solar water heating, solar space heating and cooling, combined solar thermal and biomass, biomass boilers and stoves, pellets, woodchips, briquettes and ground heat pumps). There is also a place to search by product based on the name or by type of project undertaken.

Checklist on renewable energy installations in Lithuania: costs, prices, case-studies
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Renewable Energy Lithuania, 2003. EN Checklist | Decision Support System EU Altener / Save Quality schemes | Resource assessment | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Financial Operators | Installers

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The aim of this tool is to provide quick access to information about existing renewable energy installations, prices, costs, and capacities in Lithuania. The tool covers: wind, geothermal energy installations, biomass and biogas installations, hydro and solar installations. For each type of installation, the maps show the location of installed projects in Lithuania. By clicking a symbol of an existing installation on the map, information appears organized in a table. The following details of the plant are typically included: Type of renewable energy source; Installed thermal capacity (MW); Investments (Lt/kW); Heat energy cost (Lt/GJ); Fuel price (Lt/GJ); Energy price (Lt/GJ); Operation and maintenance costs (Lt/GJ); Payback period (years). There is also a contact address for each plant. A diagram showing the share of energy from wood, straw, and peat of the total amount of renewable energy in the country is available as well. In addition, the checklist includes both summarized data from case studies and detailed information about each case study. Case studies of biomass and biogas installations are presented on a map of Lithuania and a table gives a detailed description. A general advantage of the tool is easy access and concise information on renewable energy installations throughout Lithuania. It can be accessed through the Lithuanian-Danish web portal where all knowledge in the field of local and renewable energy sources in Lithuania is presented.

CLEAN-E - Integration of measures in the field of RES-H/C (heating and cooling using renewable energy sources) into the scope of green power labels
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Veit Bürger et al., 2006, 52 p. EN Guidelines | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Cooling | Heating | Quality schemes

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers

The Clean Energy Network for Europe (CLEAN-E) project is concerned with the design and implementation of green energy labels. Aimed primarily at energy suppliers, this planning tool provides guidelines for the integration of renewable energy sources for heating and cooling (RES-H/C) into the scope of green electricity labelling schemes. The main areas covered are as follows: current attitude towards RES-H/C in the EU; reasons for integration; experiences of integration: case study of Australia; scope, eligibility and additionality; guidelines for successful integration. This report informs energy suppliers of the issues surrounding the integration of RES-H/C into green electricity labelling schemes. Under certain circumstances the integration of such measures might be a reasonable and effective add on to increase the effects of a green power label in terms of environmental power and economical efficiency. The provided guidelines enable energy suppliers to pursue such integration if perceived to be beneficial.

CLEAN-E - Overview of existing green power labelling schemes
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Heikki Willstedt et al., 2006, 152 p. EN Benchmarking Tool | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines EU Intelligent Energy Europe Electricity | Quality schemes

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities

The Clean Energy Network for Europe (CLEAN-E) project is concerned with the design and implementation of green energy labels. This comprehensive guide informs energy agencies, labelling organisations and public authorities on existing and intended green power labelling schemes. It provides: An introduction to green electricity labelling schemes, including eligibility criteria, a definition of additionality and scheme administration advice; A discussion of the market impact of the analysed labels; Information on compatibility with the Eugene Standard; A chapter dedicated to the list of programmes and how they have been implemented, including 15 country case studies. The reader should gain a broad understanding of green power labelling, equipping them to increase demand for electricity from renewable energy through the design of new or improvement upon existing labelling schemes.

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CLEAN-E - Report on the interaction of green power labelling with renewable energy policies
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Samantha Ölz et al., 2006, 86 p. EN Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines EU Intelligent Energy Europe Electricity | Quality schemes | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | NGOs | Public Authorities

This guide discusses the main issues concerning the interaction of green electricity labels with renewable energy policies and support mechanisms. It aims to inform energy suppliers, labelling organisations and public authorities, and can be used as a handbook for the appropriate structuring of green power products and labelling standards. The guide provides a detailed discussion on the interactions with: Support mechanisms (feed-in tariffs, including case studies on Austria and Spain, and quota obligations, including case studies on the UK and Italy) and National and EU-level policies (GoO: Guarantee of Origin, for RES-E (electricity generated from renewable energy sources) and high efficiency CHP (combined heat and power), Electricity Disclosure, RECS: Renewable Energy Certification System, including a case study on The Netherlands, ETS: Emissions Trading Scheme). Each section briefly introduces the mechanism or policy in question, outlines possible synergies and negative implications, and closes with recommendations. This enables both policy makers and labelling organisations to work towards maximising the growth of RES-E while minimising negative interactions with policy instruments.

Development of an internet based tool for pre-feasibility studies of RES applications in EU countries-ERI software tool
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Exergia S.A., 2000. EN Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model EU Altener / Save Planning | Resource assessment | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | SMEs

ERI software is a tool for the performance of pre-feasibility assessments of renewable energy projects. Its primary objective is to provide support to individual investors, SMEs and governmental authorities, in the investigation of the viability of specific small and medium size RES applications. ERI focuses on commercially exploitable energy sources, covering a wide range of typical applications. These energy sources include: 1.Wind Energy, 2.Solar Systems, 3.Small Hydros, 4.Photovoltaics, 5.Biomass Energy, 6.Geothermal Energy. The software will provide the user two main categories of results: 1.technical (i.e. calculation of energy production or energy savings) and 2.economic/ financial including economic viability indices and cash flow analysis. Finally, ERI provides an extensive set of Data Libraries that the user can update and use during the investment data definition. A demo version is available from the links provided below. To download the full software the user must complete a registration form here: http://www.erisoftware.net/eri_main_frame2.htm

EARTH - Environmental and ecological impact assessment of renewable energy projects
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: RES Integration Consortium, 2007, 70 p. EN Decision Support System | Evaluation System | Planning Tool EU Altener / Save Evaluation | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Agencies | Public Authorities

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This guide deals with numerous issues in relation to environmental and ecological impact assessment of renewable energy applications. Environmental effects of the technologies are presented through a short outline of the development of each technology and description of potential technology effects on the environment and ecology. For the technologies, this description contains listing of separate impacts during construction and operation and decommissioning, separate impacts that are harmful or beneficial or negligible to the environment, and receiving habitats, and habitat characteristics which are vulnerable to change. This report looks at regions in Albania, Germany, Macedonia, Greece, Italy and Serbia.

ELREN - Renewable Energy Network Training Manual
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: LAG Vastese Inn, 2005, 250 p. EN Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material EU Structural funds Awareness Raising | Technologies/ Appliances | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

This online training manual is a deliverable of the European LEADER+ Renewable Energy Network (ELREN) project. The ELREN Project aims to: facilitate exchange among LEADER+ Local Action Groups throughout the EU on technical knowhow, application experiences, basic commercial information and co-operation opportunities in the fields of Production of Energy from Renewable Sources (REprod) and on Energy Performance of Buildings (EnSav); encourage application of microtechnologies in rural areas by local public institutions and agencies, SMEs and private households; and to disseminate basic information on renewable energy (RE) country policies, applicable legislation and available funding / incentives. This manual includes chapters on renewable energy terminology; solar geothermal energy; solar photovoltaic energy; solar thermal energy; wind energy; hydro energy; anaerobic digestion; wood energy; liquid biofuels; business planning and finance; participation, consultation and planning; energy policy and legislation; and country reports for Italy, the Netherlands and Spain. Each chapter can be downloaded separately on registering with the website. The manual was used for instructing trainers from several partner countries on Renewable Energy and is published as a basic information document.

ELVA - Management model for RES [renewable energy source] heat market assessment
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: The ELVA Consortium, 2007, 103 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Heating | Procurement | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities

The objective of the ELVA project was to establish a local value chain for renewable heat. This guide presents a specifically adapted model to assist local authorities as major stakeholders involved in renewable heat market development in their decision-making processes. It incorporates elements from two well known management models such as Michael Porter’s “Value Chain” and the “EFQM Excellence model” (EFQM is the European Foundation for Quality Management). This report comprises five sub-reports dealing with different aspects of the ELVA model: an overview of the model’development process; how to carry out ELVA self assessment; how to carry out ELVA multi-category value chain assessment; validation of the quality of the model; validation of the self assessment element. The first three sub-reports are the most useful to public authorities as they provide practical advice on implementing the model; the final two provide justification for the model’s design. This is an unusual tool whose attempts to apply business management thinking to renewable heat technologies enables local authorities to play an active role in establishing a local value chain for renewable heat, with the ultimate aim of increasing profitability and thus dissemination.

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Enthuse - Planners and renewable energy guide
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: ENTHUSE Consortium, 2002, 2 p. DA | EN Checklist | Guidelines EU Altener / Save Awareness Raising | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

This guide suggests ways in which planners can promote renewable energy. It refers to relevant planning documents and gives renewable energy technology specific information for passive solar, solar hot water, photovoltaics, hydropower, wind power and biomass. Guidance on costs, energy output and resource requirements is also provided. The document also provides a short checklist of things that planners should take into account when evaluating renewable energy installations. This document is available in English and Danish. Each document provides information about the national policies for the UK and Denmark, respectively.

ETRES - Priority Consideration for the Integration of the Most Suitable Renewable Energy Support Mechanisms in the Greek Electricity Sector
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Greek Association of Renewable Electricity Producers, 2004, 14 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual EU LIFE CO2 emissions | Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities

This guidebook is a summary of priority considerations for the integration of the most suitable RE (renewable energy) support mechanisms in the Greek electricity sector. It assesses issues raised by EU Directive 2001/77/EC on electricity from renewable energy sources (RES). It analyses the situation regarding RES in Greece and gives recommendations to Greek authorities on how to accommodate commercial RES investment in the country. The EU Directive sets a target for Greece to meet 20.1% of its total electricity demand from renewables (including large hydro) by the year 2010, and the guidebook suggests that this target is realistic, taking into account the RES potential of the country, especially its wind energy potential, and the high level of expressed interest of Greek and international companies to invest in renewables in Greece. The guidebook then highlights Greece’s failure currently to achieve any kind of sustained drive in RES development, mentioning that very few new RE installations are planned in the near future and, in particular, the construction of new wind farms has come to an almost complete stop. Against this background of RES development efforts, Greece is also failing seriously in meeting its Kyoto commitments. The guidebook outlines the obstacles to RES in Greece but gives recommendations on steps to overcome these obstacles. It also has a section on potential improvements to the current RE support framework.

ETRES - RES-Financial support mechanisms in Greece: Guidelines for investors
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Nicholas P. Vassilakos, 2004, 12 p. EN Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines EU LIFE CO2 emissions

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Financial Operators | Public Authorities

These guidelines aim to provide information on the RES (Renewable Energy Sources) financial support scheme in Greece and target the RES sector and its stakeholders. They are a useful introduction for readers who have limited knowledge of

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this scheme, and provide details and a wider context for those who have more experience. The guidelines comprise three sections. The first section provides detailed information on the price-support component (feed-in tariffs) of the existing RES financial-support scheme. The second section outlines the basic provisions (terms, conditions, requirements) of the two principal investment-support instruments (capital subsidies for RES projects), namely the so-called National Development Law and the Operational Programme for Competitiveness of the Third Community Support Framework (CSF III). The third section summarises the major points (conclusions and recommendations) regarding the present and future RES-financial support framework in Greece. These guidelines are a deliverable of the projec: Applying European Emissions Trading and Renewable Energy Support mechanisms in the Greek electricity sector (ETRES).

GreenNet-EU27 - Action Plan: Guiding a least cost grid integration of RESElectricity in an extended Europe
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Hans Auer et al., 2007, 30 p. EN Benchmarking Tool | Decision Support System | Tips EU Intelligent Energy Europe Electricity | Financing | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

This guide addresses the issues arising when integrating large scale RES-E (electricity produced from renewable energy sources) into the grid. It is aimed at policy makers, and RES-E system operators. It examines: - Unbundling; - The role of grid infrastructure; - Grid-related and RES-E system-related costs of grid integration; - The potentials and costs of RES-E generation in Europe. The guide also includes a chapter describing a simulation software tool called GreenNetEurope, produced by the GreenNet Consortium. The software tool enables comparative, quantitative analysis of leastcost methods for RES-E grid integration strategies in the European market. The successive chapter presents results on least-cost scenarios for RES-E integration based on outcomes from GreenNet-Europe. The final chapter proposes policy recommendations on how to reach the maximum possible share of electricity generation from RES in the European grids with minimal costs to society. Note: the software tool is available free of charge on CD-ROM - see the ’Deliverables’ section on the GreenNet website for details of how to obtain a copy.

H-SAPS - Policies and recommendations report: market potential analysis for introduction of hydrogen energy technology in stand alone power systems
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: H-SAPS Consortium, 2004, 9 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System EU Altener / Save Electricity | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

This report builds on findings in the evaluation of the market, technology and environment and the utilisation of hydrogen to store renewable energy. The recommendations are mostly directed towards action by governments and the research community but the role of industry is also identified. The recommendations include targeted market research, establishment of individual cost targets, regulatory changes to facilitate alternative grid solutions, information and capacity building, focused technology research, bridging the technology gaps and development of a CEN standard for Stand Alone Power Systems (SAPS). This provides a methodology on how to evaluate the technology, market and environmental effects of renewable energy use.

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H-SAPS-Demonstration project plan report: market potential analysis for introduction of hydrogen energy technology in stand alone power systems
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: H-SAPS Consortium, 2004, 16 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool EU Altener / Save Electricity | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Suppliers | Planners/Builders

The H-SAPS project aims to establish a broad understanding of the technical and economic market potential for hydrogen SAPS (Stand Alone Power System) based on local renewable energy sources. This report puts forward two stand-alone power systems to be considered to become H-SAPS demonstration projects. Through the analysis of these two systems, other projects can gain knowledge about how to implement such a system. The two systems were selected from the five case studies carried out during the H-SAPS project. The report puts forward a generic project plan for how to implement these demonstration projects. Distinctions are made between the two systems and the different lessons are identified. The report then describes a generic demonstration project plan, which can be applied to each of the sites and to future relevant sites.

ICOSAW-Concept for advanced training regarding the combination of sun and wood
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: ICOSAW Consortium, 2007, 28 p. DE | EN | SV Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Training Material EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Strategy Development | Training

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Trainers/ Teachers

This document presents a methodology for setting up a training course for architects, craftsmen and associated trades on the combination of modern wood fuelling systems with solar energy systems. It sets out a methodology for defining the target groups and business partners, and also helps to develop the training course by providing suggestions for content and training materials. The information provided is divided into the training concept, and then into basic knowledge and specific knowledge for training. Sustainable energy concepts are often not included in the vocational training of heating contractors and architects, and the training concept presented here is intended to remedy this situation.

K4RES-H - Financial incentive schemes for renewable heating and cooling
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: European Renewable Energy Council, 2006, 22 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Financing | Heating | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Financial Operators | Public Authorities

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RESH has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular tool aims to support legislators, public authorities, NGOs and energy agencies with the design of effective financial incentive schemes (FIS) for renewable heating and cooling (RES-H). The report is based on the analysis of specific studies on financial incentive schemes for solar thermal, biomass and geothermal heating and cooling. It includes: - Justifications of FIS; - Outline of

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the market structure and barriers to growth; - A discussion of continuity as a decisive factor; Kinds of incentives; The ‘polluter pays principle’; Policies beyond FIS. This is a valuable source of guidance for best practice, allowing policy makers to design effective FIS, with the end goal of enhancing the use of RES-H in Europe.

K4RES-H - Guidelines for reporting the energy delivery of individual RES-H [heating from renewable energy sources] systems
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: J.J. Bloem, 2007, 32 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Energy consumption | Heating

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Financial Operators | Public Authorities

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular document provides guidance on the reporting of energy production and consumption from RES-H by different organisations, ranging from industrial associations and national agencies, to local system installers and commercial organisations. The aim is to collect comprehensive information and traceable data to assess the RES-H energy produced and consumed in the European Member States. This guide covers: - Background information on RES-H; Solar thermal energy; - Geothermal energy; Heat from Biomass. While acknowledging its limitations due to data scarcity, this guide does well to provide a solid background to enable identification of the minimum information for reporting from individual RES-H installations.

K4RES-H - Quantification of energy delivery for financial incentives
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Christian Epp Andreas Lutz, 2007, 12 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Calculation Tool | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Energy consumption | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Financial Operators | Public Authorities

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RESH has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. The objective of this particular report is to formulate a strategy for quantifying energy delivery for financial incentives based on the findings of the working steps of K4RES-H. It summarises the main existing technologies and methodologies concerning: - Geothermal energy; - Solar thermal energy; Heat from biomass. Financial incentive schemes are described and as well as an outline of how to quantify energy delivery for such financial schemes.

K4RES-H - Regulations for renewable heating and cooling
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: European Renewable Energy Council, 2007, 29 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Heating | Planning | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities

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The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular tool supports the design of effective regulations for renewable heating and cooling (RES-H) and is targeted at legislators, public administrations, energy agencies, NGOs, industry associations, market actors and any person or institution involved in the design and implementation of regulations promoting RES-H, at local, national and European level. It looks both at best practice regulations and at administrative barriers hampering the development of RES-H, and is structured as follows: - Reducing administrative barriers; - Renewable heat obligations: benefits, successful examples, minimum requirements; - EU harmonisation of standards and certification procedures; National development plans: development of national inventories of possible renewable energy resources, setting guidelines on RES-H. Each chapter closes with recommendations. This is a useful tool for the advancement of RES-H in Europe, by enabling actors to design effective regulations.

K4RES-H - Renewable heating: action plan for Europe
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: ESTIF - European Solar Thermal Industry Federation et al., 2007, 24 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Awareness Raising | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RESH has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular guide aims to inform policy makers and stakeholders about renewable heat (RES-H). It presents integrated guidelines on: - Benefits of RES-H; - Related policy measures; - Introduction to solar thermal; - Introduction to biomass; - Introduction to geothermal; Barriers to growth of RES-H; Financial incentives; - Regulations; - Innovative applications; - Flanking measures; Targets and statistical issues; Quantifying energy delivery. This is a well-presented guide that aims to serve as a blueprint for strong and coherent RES-H policies, and to provide stakeholders and policy makers with detailed information and clear guidelines based on the existing experience with policies to promote RES-H.

K4RES-H - Setting verifiable targets for RES-H [heat from renewable energy sources]
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Christian Epp Andreas Lutz, 2007, 33 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Heating | Planning | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. Aimed at policy makers, this particular guide gives recommendations for a methodology to set verifiable targets for heat from renewable energy sources (RES-H) technologies: solar thermal, biomass and geothermal. Each technology is discussed in its own chapter - and readers may note these chapters are also available as separate documents, published under the K4RES-H project. Overall this is a straightforward guide which enables policy makers to discuss RES-H targets with stronger statistical knowledge.

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PURE-European and national legislation
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: EVE, 2006, 58 p. EN Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Electricity | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Industry | Installers

This document goes through the relevant policies and discusses how to incorporate Directive 2002/91/EC on the Energy Performance of Buildings into the Member States’ legislation. In particular, this document collects relevant regulations and standards concerning the integration of photovoltaics into the urban environment, in particular relating to grid-connection and integration of photovoltaics systems in buildings (Building Integrated Photovoltaics, BIPV). This document provides information on legislation on this topic at the EU and then Member State levels.

RECORA - Database on decisive parameters for renewable energy projects
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: RECORA Consortium, 2007, _ p. EN Feasibility Model | Planning Tool EU Interreg Planning | Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO)

This database compiles a set of legal, administrative, financial and economic parameters useful for assessing the economic/financial feasibility of renewable energy projects. This tool was implemented by the RECORA (Renewable Energy Cooperation of Rural Areas) initiative which focuses on the development of practical guidelines and tools to assess, plan, and implement viable renewable energy projects. Project data is entered into the database which generates the relevant information to assess its financial viability with regard to installation.

RECORA - Handbook of generic technical guidelines for renewable energy sources
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: József Hajdú, 2007, 184 p. EN Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines EU Interreg Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Installers | Public Authorities

In this handbook of generic technical guidelines the sources and characteristics of renewable energy are described including tables with specific details on their energy efficiency and yield. This handbook is produced by RECORA (Renewable Energy Cooperation of Rural Areas), an initiative of 7 partners from 5 countries supported by the EU programme Interreg IIIC, whose main objective is to intensify the cooperation of rural areas concerning the use of renewable energies, focusing on the economic uses of alternative energy sources. The handbook takes into account the latest ecological findings as well as the most important issues in regional development policies of rural areas in Objective 1 regions. Different uses for renewable energy are explained with the aid of illustrations and schematic diagrams of the technological processes. These are followed by recommendations for technical-technological solutions. The handbook offers information on developing a feasibility study. Short summaries of the feasibility studies which were undertaken in the project regions are also included. The handbook ends with calculation tables and a list of references.

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RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Natural Resources Canada, 2004, _ p. BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool Local/Regional/National Energy consumption | Evaluation | Planning

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities

The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software is a decision support tool developed to evaluate the energy production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for various types of Renewable-energy and Energy-efficient Technologies. The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation platform for the various stakeholders involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility studies, disseminate knowledge to help people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical and financial viability of possible projects. The software includes product, project, hydrology and climate databases, a detailed online user manual, and a case study based college/university-level training course, including an engineering e-textbook. RETScreen can be used for feasibility studies; project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis; information dissemination; training; sales of products and/or services; project development & management; and product development/R&D. This tool is provided in 30 different languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used. Provided here is the general tool that can be utilised for analysis as well as a tool for each individual renewable energy project type: ground source heating pump, wind, solar air heating, solar water heating, passive solar heating, photovoltaics, biomass heating, small hydro, and combined heat and power. The individual tools are technology-specific, providing an energy model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions analysis, and a financial summary.

RE-XPANSION-Recommendations for the selection of promotion strategies for RES, which internalise external costs
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: University of Flensburg, 2005, 71 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines EU Intelligent Energy Europe Evaluation | Financing | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities

This guide recommends a selection of promotion strategies for renewable energy policies in order to internalise external costs. It aims to address barriers to trade and increase harmonisation for the expansion of renewable energy in Europe in the hope of encouraging and stabilising conditions for increased and improved investments. The report explains the economic concept of external effects and why governments should act to internalise external costs. It also reviews various studies that have quantified the external costs of energy supplies. Focusing on the ExternE project, which contains a comprehensive methodology for the quantification of external costs of energy supply in the EU, the guide compares the social costs (the sum of external and internal costs) of different energy supply systems in selected EU countries. It discusses how the external costs of renewable energy can be internalised from the theoretical point of view, the policy instruments available to achieve internalisation and how the instruments can establish a level playing field for all energy supply technologies. Conclusions and recommendations on the future treatment of external costs in the shaping of renewable energy policies are also discussed. - Calculation tool[FR]

Strategy for renewable electricity exploitation in Malta - Volume 2: policy options
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: Mott MacDonald, 2005, 72 p. EN Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual

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TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Financial Operators | Public Authorities FUNDING: KEYWORDS: EU Altener / Save Electricity | Financing | Strategy Development

This guidebook is a review of support and financing mechanisms for the promotion of small and large scale renewable installations in Malta. It is aimed at policy makers. It is intended to support public authorities in choosing appropriate financing options to support the national target for generation of electricity from renewable energy sources (RES) in accordance with the requirements of relevant EU directives. The document aims to provide a roadmap for the implementation of support for the use of RES for electricity generation.

The Eugene Standard - technical document
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: The European Green Electricity Network, 2006, 7 p. EN Benchmarking Tool EU Intelligent Energy Europe Electricity | Quality schemes

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers

The Eugene Standard was developed by the European Green Electricity Network (Eugene) to be a quality benchmark for green power tariffs in Europe, establishing a harmonised standard in order to inspire confidence in the integrity of green electricity, thus increasing its dissemination. This benchmarking tool is intended primarily for Energy Suppliers, but may also be of interest to Energy Agencies and Energy Managers. It aims to provide clear conformity criteria for ‘green electricity’ under the Eugene Standard. It defines terms and outlines eligibility criteria, covering: Label scope; Eligible sources; Environmental additionality; Interaction with governmental legislation; Electricity and green fund balance; Imports; Verification; Consumer information; Items for consideration in the future. This is a clear and concise document that enables energy suppliers to effectively compare their current practice to the outlined criteria, adjusting their standards as necessary in order to achieve the Eugene Standard.

Your guide to renewable energy in the home
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Sustainable Energy Ireland, _, 20 p. EN Guidelines EU Structural funds Awareness Raising | Buildings | Technologies/ Appliances

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Citizens | Planners/Builders

This is a detailed guide to renewable energy in the home produced by Sustainable Energy Ireland (SEI). Energy is available from a variety of renewable sources appropriate to our homes, including solar, geothermal, biomass, hydro and wind. This guide gives information on those renewable sources including solar thermal systems, photovoltaics, ground source heat pumps, biomass/wood, hydro, and wind. Relevant standards and useful contacts are provided at the end. It also gives an introduction to each renewable source, explains how it works, describes the installation and gives details on payback and maintenance.

Εγχειρίδιο Ανανεώσιμων Πηγών Ενέργειας για μαθ (=Book for college students on Renewable Energy Sources)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: Hellenic Center of renewable energy sources (CRES), 2006, 21 p. EL Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material

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TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Agencies | Trainers/ Teachers FUNDING: KEYWORDS: EU Altener / Save Awareness Raising | Technologies/ Appliances | Training

This tool proposes an electronic book of 21 pages, explaining all about renewable energy sources (RES) to Greek college students. Its main target groups are students and teachers. The main topics/themes covered are different technologies and practices related to renewable energy. The usefulness of the book lies in the fact that it includes practical information on renewable energy sources such as their origin, types of technologies and potential applications. Even though the text is rather dense, it is illustrated with pictures, graphs and tables and is therefore a pleasant resource for college students. Another strong point is that the text is comprehensive, including all important information on RES, supported by a table of references at the end of the book.

Το Θεσμικό, Αδειοδοτικό και Χρηματοοικοκονομικa (=Decision Support on the legislative, planning and financial framework for renewable energy sources in Greece)
AUTHOR(S): LANGUAGE: TYPE OF TOOL: FUNDING: KEYWORDS: Hellenic Center of renewable energy sources (CRES), 2005, 42 p. EL Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool EU LIFE Financing | Planning | Strategy Development

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Agencies | Energy Managers

This tool is a guidebook, which targets citizens, energy agencies and energy managers and aims to provide general information on the implementation of renewable energy projects. The main topics covered are the legislative, planning and financial procedures concerning the implementation of renewable energy technologies (RETs) in the Hellenic territories. The tool consists of a 42-page pdf file which compiles all useful data concerning the implementation of RETs in a single document. In more detail, the tool supports interested parties (such as energy planners, developers, financial institutions and even public services) by giving an overview of the legislative, planning and financial framework concerning renewable energy technologies in Greece, by explicitly explaining: a) all steps necessary to acquire a planning authorisation; b) all necessary information for funding schemes and mechanisms; c) the overall Greek legislative framework related to these projects. Particular strengths of the tool are the explicit graphs and figures and tables as well as the table of references.

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