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Renewable Energy

Energy Audits
http://www.iee-library.eu

Intelligent Energy e-library


of tools and guidebooks on
Renewable Energy

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Authors/editors:
Carolina VALSECCHI (IEEP), Emma WATKINS (IEEP), Joana CHIAVARI (IEEP), Peter HJERP (IEEP), Kristof GEERAERTS (IEEP),
Kaire KOTSALAINEN (IEEP), Eamon O’HARA (AEIDL), Nora SCHIESSLER (AEIDL), Joao SILVA (AEIDL), Eveline DURIEUX (AEIDL),
Tanya TREACY (AEIDL), Julia BAILLY (Prospect C&S), Emiel HANEKAMP (Prospect C&S), Boris SUCIC (Prospect C&S),
Florian Paul BODESCU (Prospect C&S), Jaroslav JAKUBES (Prospect C&S), Eva MICHALENA (Prospect C&S),
Sulev SOOSAAR (Prospect C&S), Daniela SIMOVA (Prospect C&S), Andrzej RAJIKIEWICZ (Prospect C&S), Marta SZABO (Prospect C&S).

Graphic design:
Daniel RENDERS, Anita CORTÉS

Acknowledgements: The team wishes to thank all the project coordinators that have agreed to give us copyright clearance for the
reproduction of tools and guidebooks in the IEe-library. Thanks to Brandon Lee, Megan Lewis, Mairi Brookes and Ang Zhao for their support.
In addition, we wish to thank all the energy agencies that have pointed us to relevant tools and guidebooks for this e-library.

The responsibility for the content of this publication lies with the authors. It does not necessarily represent the opinion of the European Com-
munity or of the EACI. Neither the European Community nor the EACI are responsible for any use that may be made of the information con-
tained herein. The information contained in the publication is given for information purposes only and does not legally bind any of the parties
involved.

ISBN 978-92-9202-042-2
DOI: 10.2826/10792

© Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation (EACI) & European Communities 2008

Renewable Energy
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Introduction

Renewable Energy

Welcome to the Intelligent


Energy e-library (IEe-library)

Why an Intelligent Energy e-library?

Climate change and security of energy supply are two major challenges needing urgent action from the EU. They have common
causes and common solutions. Leading the way on a response to both these challenges, European Heads of State and Govern-
ment signed up in March 2007 to binding targets for 2020: to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20%; to meet 20% of the
EU’s energy needs from renewable sources; to source 10% of transport fuels from renewable sources; and to improve energy
efficiency by 20%.

The implementation of EU and national climate change and energy policies requires measures to support activity ‘on the ground’,
enabling actors across Europe to tap into sustainable energy business opportunities and jobs, opening markets for new technolo-
gies, and making Europe’s economy more competitive.

The IEe-library is the result of work by the Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation (EACI) to bring together in one
place a range of relevant tools and guidebooks on energy efficiency, renewable energy applications and sustainable mobility.
It includes items funded under the Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE) programme and a selection of instruments picked from over
2,500 EU funded projects (under Altener and Save, CIVITAS, Structural and regional funds, LIFE, RTD 2002-2006 and Phare).
In addition, nationally and regionally funded tools and guidebooks have been included from the EU 27 Member States, Norway,
Croatia, Iceland, the US, Canada and some international organisations.

The aim of this inventory is to disseminate good practice, advice and practical instruments throughout Europe and beyond. Here
businesses, energy professionals, researchers and policymakers alike can profit from a wide range of freely available material
to help them in their everyday work. The IEe-library will also be a good starting point for (future) applicants and contractors to
the IEE programme, to allow their projects to save time and costs by profiting from available tools and guidebooks rather than
duplicating them.

All the tools and guidebooks included in this inventory are available free, ready to download and use. Most are in English, but
many are also available in other European languages.

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Introduction

How is the IEe-library structured?

This is one of four publications listing tools and guidebooks included in the free online IEe-library. This publication focuses on
renewable energy and includes tools and guidebooks aimed at facilitating the dissemination of renewable heating and cooling
technologies, small scale renewables and biofuels applications. To facilitate quick browsing, tools and guidebooks have been
organised into specific technology sub-categories wherever appropriate: biogas, biomass, geothermal, mini wind, renewable
integration into buildings, small hydro, solar and transport biofuels (supply side).

In the three other publications in this series, users can find information on energy efficiency in industry (energy audits, energy
management and benchmarking in industry), local energy management (sustainability of residential and non residential build-
ings, green procurement and energy planning), and energy aspects of transport (mobility management and alternative modes
of transport).

Who is the IEe-library for?

Tools and guidebooks listed in this thematic publication are aimed at advising or providing practical instruments especially for
energy service companies (ESCOs), installers, architects, farmers and foresters, trainers and public authorities. You can find tools
and guidebooks on the planning, feasibility, sizing ad installation of small scale renewable energy technologies. For example:
● If you are an energy service company (ESCO) or an architect and you are looking for tools for the integration of

renewable technologies into buildings, here you can find guidebooks which provide you with specific information on
different technological options, including information on profitability, economic aspects and best practice exam-
ples. There are also databases of technologies and suppliers, as well as calculation and simulation tools for the
assessment of the economic and financial feasibility of different options.
● If you are an installer and you want to be up to date with renewable technologies, here you can find training materials

that introduce you to renewable energy technologies, how they work, how to install them and their functioning. You
can find manuals and handbooks, as well as software tools which will guide you through the sizing, feasibility and
installation process of renewable energy technologies.
● If you are a policy maker and you want to promote renewable energy sources, here you can find action plans for set-

ting up a promotional campaign and simulation tools to evaluate the effects of different promotion schemes, as well
as advice to help you to tackle typical administrative, legal and financial barriers. Here you can also find planning
tools for biomass/biofuels resource assessments.
● Other target audiences such as energy agencies, farmers and the forestry sector, financial operators, technology sup-

pliers, researchers and vocational trainers can also find manuals, feasibility studies, financial advice, simulation tools,
decision support systems and other tools to help them in their job.

If you are looking for tools and guidebooks on energy efficient or renewable energy heating and cooling applications in residential
or non residential buildings you will find a large quantity of additional tools and guidebooks in the IEe-library on the theme of
local energy management.

How to use the IEe-library

The quickest and easiest way to use this library is simply to go to the section on the topic that interests you most and browse
through the descriptions of the tools and guidebooks (see the table on p. 3 for an indication of the intended target audiences for
each topic and the types of tools and guidebooks that can be found under that topic).

An interactive online version of the IEe-library can be found at www.iee-library.eu.

You are encouraged to submit new tools or guidebooks or updated versions through the website. In this way you can help to
develop the library and ensure that it is a source of continuous innovation. As well as this opportunity to contribute to the library,
the online version provides the following facilities:
● Advanced search: you can search tools and guidebooks by selecting multiple criteria such as topic, target audience,

type of tool, keyword, language and country.


● Download: download the tools and guidebooks you need free of charge.

● Rating: you can recommend to other users the tools that you find most useful. This will ensure that this website is

maintained as an instrument of excellence for policymakers, energy professionals and researchers alike throughout
Europe.

Energy Efficiency in Industry


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Introduction

Renewable Energy
Renewable
Transport (including tools and
Integration Small
Biogas Biomass Geothermal Mini Wind Solar Biofuels guidebooks
into Hydro
(Supply Side) applicable to all
Buildings
sub-themes)

Architects

Citizens

Developers

Energy Agencies

Energy Managers

Energy Service Companies (ESCO)


TARGET AUDIENCE

Energy Suppliers

Farmers/Forestry

Financial Operators

Industry

Installers

NGOs

Planners/Builders

Public Authorities

SMEs

Technology Suppliers

Trainers/ Teachers

Transport Operators

Benchmarking tool

Blue print - Action plan model

Calculation tool

Checklist
TYPE OF TOOL / GUIDEBOOK

Contract model

Decision support system

Energy audits

Evaluation system

Feasibility model

Game

GIS-based tool

Guidebook – Handbook – Manual

Guidelines

Monitoring system

Planning tool

Simulation tool

Tips

Training material

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

INDEX
Biogas ............................................................... 14
Bauherrenmappe BIOGAS - Leitfaden für BiogasanlagenbetreiberInnen (=Biogas information folder
for constructors - Guidelines for biogas installation operators) ..................................................................14
BIOEXELL - Training manual on anaerobic digestion ...................................................................................14
Biomasa: digestores anaerobios (=Biomass: anaerobic digestion) ............................................................14
BioProFarm-Biomethanisation training info...................................................................................................15
BioProFarm-Handbook on setting up a biomethanisation unit ....................................................................15
BIOTURBINE - Opportunities for biofuel-burning microturbines in the European decentralised-
generation market .............................................................................................................................................15
PROBIOGAS - Promotion of biogas for electricity and heat production in EU countries: economic and
environmental benefits of biogas ....................................................................................................................16

Biomass ............................................................ 17
5EURES - Calculation tools for biomass businesses ....................................................................................17
5EURES - How to do business with woody biomass: business plan examples for SMEs ........................17
ACCESS-Report on perspectives for the development of biomass potential .............................................17
AGRIFORENERGY-Farmers and forest owners as heat sellers (introductory guidebook) ........................18
ASTWOOD-A concept for collection and processing of raw material (wood) for energy ..........................18
BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on biomass heating .............................................................................18
BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on biomass for houses and buildings ...............................................19
Bioenergy guide ................................................................................................................................................19
BioHousing-Business model for assessing viability of a planned bioenergy business ............................19
BioHousing-Catalogue of biomass products/equipment ..............................................................................20
BioHousing-Heating tool: decision-making tool for single-family houses..................................................20
BioHousing-Training materials on biohousing ..............................................................................................20
Biokütuse kasutaja käsiraamat (=Manual for biofuel users) .........................................................................21
Biomasa - obnovitelný zdroj energie (=Biomass-renewable energy source) ..............................................21
Biomasa: gasificación (=Biomass: gas production) ......................................................................................21
Biomasa: producción eléctrica y cogeneración (=Biomass: electric production and cogeneration).......22
BIOSIT - GIS based Methodology and Algorithm. Release 1.0. The Handbook ..........................................22
CLEAN-E - Development of ecological standards for biomass in the framework of green electricity
labelling ..............................................................................................................................................................22
Criteria voor duurzame biomassa productie. Eindrapport van de projectgroep “Duurzame productie
van biomassa” (=Criteria for sustainable biomass production. Final report from the working group)....23
EARTH - Key competencies for the installation of biomass heating systems in Europe ..........................23

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Renewable Energy

Elda rätt, råd för miljöanpassad vedeldning i vedpanna, kamin o dyl (= Guide for wood heating in
fireplaces and stoves).......................................................................................................................................24
Elproduksjon basert på biobrensler (=Electricity Production based on Bioenergy) ..................................24
ELVA - Legislative issues for RES heat [heat from renewable energy sources] .........................................24
EUBIONET - Final results-oriented report: Efficient trading of biomass fuels and analysis of fuel
supply chains and business models for market actors by networking .......................................................25
EUBIONET: Bio-energy in Europe 2005: policy trends and issues ..............................................................25
Gasification Guide - Benchmarking of the legal framework .........................................................................25
INCO COPERNICUS - Čista energija iz gozda Kotli na lesno biomaso za centralno ogrevanje (=Clean
energy from forest wooden biomass for fuelling boilers for central heating) ............................................26
Investment process for renewable energy sources - biomass and biogas .................................................26
K4RES-H - Biomass for heat: action plan .......................................................................................................27
K4RES-H - Financial incentive schemes for bioheat .....................................................................................27
K4RES-H - Regulations for bioheat .................................................................................................................27
K4RES-H - Targets for heat from biomass ......................................................................................................28
K4RES-H - Targets for heat from biomass: quantifying energy delivery from individual bioheat
installations .......................................................................................................................................................28
Katlu māju konversija uz vietējo kurināmo–koksnes un citu biomasu (=Converting boiler rooms
to using local fuel – wood pulp and other biomass)......................................................................................28
Le bois énergie pour les collectivités territoriales. Recommandation pour la réalisation de réseaux de
chaleur au bois (= Wood-energy for local communities. Recommendations for implementing district
wood heating systems).....................................................................................................................................29
Le bois-énergie et les collectivités locales (= Wood-energy and local authorities) ...................................29
Moderní využití biomasy - technolgické a logistické moznosti (=Modern utilisation of biomass -
technological and logistical options) ..............................................................................................................30
Nutzung von Biomasse in Kommunen - ein Leitfaden: Einführung (=Using biomass in local authorities
- a guidebook: introduction).............................................................................................................................30
Pellets@las: Market data database..................................................................................................................30
REFUEL: Bioenergy expansion strategies for Europe - cost effective biomass allocation and biofuel
stepping stones .................................................................................................................................................31
REGBIE+ - Biomasa: Calefaccion sostenible para edificios públicos (= Biomass: Sustainable
heating for public buildings) ............................................................................................................................31
REGBIE+ - Holz hat’s Energie aus dem Wald!: Aktionsheft für Schulen der Sekundarstufe I
(=Schoolbook on wood as sustainable energy) .............................................................................................32
REGBIE+ - Regional Bioenergy Initiatives around Europe: campaign manual ...........................................32
REGBIE+ - Solutions pour l’implantation d’une chaudiere à biomasse (= Recommendations for the
installation of heating from biomass) .............................................................................................................32
REGBIE+ - Successful financing schemes of biomass project development .............................................33

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

REGBIE+ - Wood Heating in the Home: A Market Guide ...............................................................................33


RESINBUIL - Training course on renewable energy sources engineering in buildings .............................33
RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Biomass heating project ...................34
ThermalNet: Technical issues: Feedstocks and standards ..........................................................................34

Geothermal ........................................................ 35
BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on geothermal energy and heat pumps ............................................35
Geo-thermal: how does it work?......................................................................................................................35
K4RES-H - A methodology for the calculation of the energy delivery of geothermal systems .................35
K4RES-H - Financial incentive schemes for geothermal energy ..................................................................36
K4RES-H - Quantifying the energy from single geothermal installations for the purpose of financial
incentive schemes. ...........................................................................................................................................36
Leitfaden zur Nutzung von Erdwärme mit Erdwärmesonden (=Guide on the use of geothermal power
with borehole heat exchanger) ........................................................................................................................37

Mini Wind ........................................................... 38


L’energia eolica (=Wind energy) ......................................................................................................................38
Masto-opas (=A guide for setting up small scale wind power) .....................................................................38
Pientuulivoimala rakennusohjeita (=Building instructions for small scale windpower) ............................38
RES-e Regions - Small-scale wind systems: A reference guide ...................................................................39
RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Wind energy project ..........................39
WELFI-Basic Guidance on wind energy local financing ...............................................................................39
WINEUR-Administrative and legal barriers to small scale wind power in France ......................................40
WINEUR-Administrative and planning issues for small wind turbines in urban areas ..............................40
WINEUR-European urban wind turbines catalogue .......................................................................................40
WINEUR-Report on wind resource assessment in the urban environment ................................................41
WINEUR-Socio-economic issues related to the installation of small wind turbines in the built
environment .......................................................................................................................................................41
WINEUR-Technology review of urban wind turbines .....................................................................................41
WINEUR-Urban wind turbines: guidelines for small wind turbines in the built environment....................42

Renewable Integration into Buildings ..................... 43


...er enige om, at der er... god brugerøkonomi i solvarme ved udskiftning af kedel eller beholder
(=It is good economy to use solar energy when replacing a boiler) ............................................................43
A homebuilder’s guide to going solar .............................................................................................................43

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Renewable Energy

Architektonische Integration von Photovoltaik-Anlagen (=Architectual integration of photovoltaic


installations) ......................................................................................................................................................43
Bergvärme (=Installation guide for rock heat pumps) ...................................................................................44
Biomasa: edificios (=Biomass: buildings) ......................................................................................................44
CLIMASOL - Guidelines for solar cooling feasibility studies & analysis of feasibility studies .................44
CLIMASOL - Solar air conditioning guide .......................................................................................................45
EARTH - Key competencies for certified ground source heat pump installers ..........................................45
EARTH - Training material for GSHP [ground source heat pump] courses.................................................45
Energie sparen durch Wärmepumpenanlagen (=Saving energy with heat pump systems) ......................46
Feasibility study, Enviro-Cores: Thermal storage integrated with heat pumps ..........................................46
GREEN LODGES - Administrative Barriers to RES & micro CHP in rural lodges .......................................46
GREEN LODGES - Micro CHP [combined heat and power] systems: state-of-the-art ...............................47
GROUND-REACH-Inventory of EU legislation on ground coupled heat pumps (GCHPs) .........................47
GROUND-REACH-Market status for ground source heat pumps within Europe ........................................47
GROUND-REACH-The Ground-Reach model to determine the change of environmental impact due
to replacements of heating systems on the European market .....................................................................48
ICOSAW-Marketing brochure: Information for craftsmen and architects on combined solar and wood
power ..................................................................................................................................................................48
IEA HPP Annex 29 - ground source heat pumps - overcoming technical and market barriers .................48
INFOSOLAR - Možnosti využívania slnečnej energie (=Options for the application of solar energy in
buildings) ...........................................................................................................................................................49
INVERT-Software to simulate the effects of different promotion schemes and different scenarios on the
feasibility of renewable energy schemes........................................................................................................49
Kritéria pro systémové plánování obnovitelných energetických zdrojů (=Criteria for system planning of
utilisation of RES) .............................................................................................................................................50
Low exergy systems for heating and cooling of buildings ...........................................................................50
Luft/vattenvärmepump (=Air/water heat pump)..............................................................................................50
Luft-luftvärmepump (=Installation guide for heat pumps (air-air)) ...............................................................51
Maalämpöpumpu (=Heat pump guide) ............................................................................................................51
Metody hodnocení vhodnosti a výtěžnosti OZE po účely energetických bilancí a energetické
stastiky a pro účely regionálního územního pánování a energetických generelů (=Methodologies for
evaluation of suitability and potential of RES for the purposes of energy balances, energy statistics
and regional energy planning) .........................................................................................................................51
Miljøvennlig energiog arealbruk i sykehjem og omsorgsboliger (=Environmentally Friendly Energy in
Hospitals and Care Homes)..............................................................................................................................52
Odnawialne źródła energii. Efektywne wykorzystanie w budynkach. Finansowanie przedsięwzięć
(=Handbook on renewable energy sources: effective use in buildings and financing the measures) .....52

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

PERSEUS: guide des installations photovoltaïques raccordées au réseau électrique, destiné aux
particuliers. Edition 2007. Comment peut-on produire son électricité avec le soleil? (= Guide for PV
installations connected to the grid. How to produce electricity with the sun?) .........................................53
PURE-Summary of photovoltaics (PV) best practices in the urban environment at European level........53
PURE-Technical and economic solutions for integration of photovoltaics (PV) into buildings ................53
REHES - Renewable energy for heat supply for dwellings with individual and local heating systems.
Optimal technologies report ............................................................................................................................54
RENEASE - Good practice guide for developers of sustainable social housing ........................................54
RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Ground-Source Heat Pump Project .54
Sektorová příručka - obnovitelné zdroje energie (=Sectoral guidebook - Renewable energy sources)...55
SENTRO - Inventory of building practice, barriers and solutions for market Introduction of alternative
energy systerms in new buildings...................................................................................................................55
Solceller (=Solar panels)...................................................................................................................................56
Solvarme - den manglende brik I Danmarks energipolitiske puslespil (=Solar power - the missing
piece in the Danish energy policy jigsaw) ......................................................................................................56
Studiu de soluţii privind electrificarea rurală din surse regenerabile de energie în contextul dezvoltării
durabile. Programul 100 de gospodării electrificate prin utilizarea SRE în România (=Study and report
about renewable sources technologies available for the electrification of rural areas in Romania ........56
TAREB - Low energy architecture training course.........................................................................................57
Temahefte - varmepumper i boliger (=Heat Pumps in Buildings) .................................................................57
Varmepumper – vær sikker på, at du køber et kvalitetsprodukt, der passer til netop dit hus (=Heat
pumps - be sure to buy a quality product that suits your house) ................................................................57
WasteWaterHeat - A continuously renewed heat source in urban areas! ....................................................58
WasteWaterHeat - Best practices catalogue ...................................................................................................58
WasteWaterHeat - Market Analysis - Summary of the national market analysis.........................................58
WasteWaterHeat - Technology catalogue .......................................................................................................59
XENIOS - Development of an audit tool for hotel buildings and the promotion of RUE and RES ............59
Ενσωμάτωση Τεχνολογιών ΑΠΕ & ΕΞΕ στον Οικιακό Τομέα (=Basic guidelines for the integration of
renewable energy and energy saving technologies in domestic buildings) ...............................................59

Small Hydro........................................................ 61
Checklist on eligibility criteria for small hydro power projects in Bulgaria ................................................61
CLEAN-E - Development of ecological standards for hydropower ..............................................................61
Guide d’accompagnement vers la certification ISO 14001 pour les producteurs d’hydroélectricité en
Midi-Pyrénées (= Guidelines for the implementation of ISO 14001 standard by hydroelectricity
producers in Mid-Pyrenees) .............................................................................................................................62
Guide on how to develop a small hydropower plant .....................................................................................62
Guidelines for micro hydropower development.............................................................................................62

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Renewable Energy

Integrated method for power analysis (IMP 5.0) .............................................................................................63


RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Small hydro project ...........................63
SHERPA - Hydopower and environment: technical and operational procedures to better integrate
small hydropower plants in the environment .................................................................................................64
SHERPA - Small hydropower ...........................................................................................................................64

Solar ................................................................ 65
A guide to photovoltaic system design and installation ...............................................................................65
Architecture et énergie solaire thermique. Pour une intégration réussie des capteurs (= Architecture
and solar heating; how to succeed in integrating collectors) ......................................................................65
BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on PV systems for electricity generation and building integration 65
BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on solar cooling ...................................................................................66
Cahier de charge-type audit chauffe-eau solaire (= Specifications model for auditing water
solar-heating systems) .....................................................................................................................................66
Collectivités locales, campings, hôtels, chauffez votre piscine à l’énergie solaire (= Heating swimming
pools with solar energy in municipalities, campings and hotels) ................................................................66
Comment réaliser un audit solaire? Guide à la réalisation d’une étude de faisabilité d’un projet solaire
thermique. (= How to carry out a solar audit? Guidelines for a feasibility study of a solar heating
project) ...............................................................................................................................................................67
Design software for solar systems on hotels in Cyprus ...............................................................................67
deSOLaSOL-Basics on PV (photovoltaic) projects finance ..........................................................................67
EARTH - Ausbildungsskriptum solarwärme (=Training material for courses on solar water heating) .....68
EARTH - Key competencies for the installation of domestic solar water heating systems.......................68
EARTH - Solar thermal heat installers’ course (syllabus) .............................................................................68
EAST-GSR - General recommendations for the successful GSR [Guaranteed Solar Results] charter
implementation ..................................................................................................................................................69
EAST-GSR - Professional handbook for collective thermal solar system design: Bulgaria, Poland,
Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia ....................................................................................................................69
Edukacijski kit za uporabu energije sunca (= Educational kit on the use of the solar energy) .................70
GREENBUILDING - Technical module on solar hot water and heating ........................................................70
GRSPASS - Contrat de Garantie de Résultats Solaires GRS-th (=GRS [guaranteed solar results]
contract) .............................................................................................................................................................70
GRSPASS-Method of calculating which solar system would be best for your needs ................................71
Installation d’un grand système solaire - Checklist pour rédiger le cahier des charges (Installing a
large solar system - Checklist for wrtiting specifications)............................................................................71
Installationsguide, nätanslutna solcellsanläggningar (=Installation Guide for Solar Power to
Electicity Networks) ..........................................................................................................................................71

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Installer un grand système solaire de production d´eau chaude en Wallonie (=Installing a large solar
water heating system).......................................................................................................................................72
K4RES-H - Financial incentives for solar thermal: guidelines on best practice and avoidable problems72
K4RES-H - Objective methodology for simple calculation of the energy delivery of (small) solar
thermal systems ................................................................................................................................................72
K4RES-H - Setting verifiable targets for solar thermal ..................................................................................73
K4RES-H - Solar thermal action plan for Europe: heating and cooling from the sun ................................73
L’energia fotovoltaica (=Photovoltaic energy)................................................................................................74
Leitfaden photovoltaische anlagen (=Guidebook on photovoltaic installations) .......................................74
Photovoltaic Project Model - Software ............................................................................................................74
PREHEAT: Solar heat storages in district heating networks ........................................................................74
Propuesta de modelo de ordenanza municipal: captación solar para usos térmicos (=Proposal for a
model of municipal regulation for the implementation of solar heating systems at the local/municipal
level) ...................................................................................................................................................................75
PV Certification - Objectives and task analysis for the photovoltaic system installer...............................75
PV Certification - Quality management in photovoltaics: manufacturers quality control training
manual ................................................................................................................................................................76
PV Certification - Syllabus for training a PV system installer.......................................................................76
pvresources.com - Photovoltaic software ......................................................................................................76
PV-UP-SCALE-Demand side value and benefits of photovoltaics (PV) .......................................................77
PV-UP-SCALE-Economical drivers and market impacts of urban photovoltaics (PV) ...............................77
PV-UP-SCALE-The PV database for urban photovoltaic (PV) applications .................................................77
PVWatts: A Performance Calculator for Grid-Connected PV Systems ........................................................78
Quickscan - Logiciel de calcul pour évaluer l´intérêt économique d´un chauffe-eau solaire dans son
installation (= Quickscan – Calculation software for assessing the economic relevance of installing a
solar water heating system in the company)..................................................................................................78
RES-e Regions - GuÍa para instalaciones fotoboltaicas conectadas a red (=PV Project Developers
Leaflet: Copenhagen, Slovenia, Castilla and Leon, Andalucia, Navarra).....................................................78
RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Passive solar heating project ...........79
RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Photovoltaic project ..........................79
RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Solar air heating project ...................80
RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Solar water heating project ..............80
SOLAIR - Best practice catalogue on successful running solar air-conditioning appliances ..................80
Solar Keymark II - Calculation procedures based on the EN 15316-4.3.......................................................81
Solar Keymark II - DHWScale: Software for extrapolating performance test results of one solar
domestic hot water (DHW) system tested to systems of the same type but differing in size ...................81
Solar Keymark II - Energy performance certificate: contribution of solar thermal systems .....................82

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Renewable Energy

Solar Keymark II - Guidelines/material to HVAC experts and installers on solar thermal .........................82
Solar Keymark II - Specific CEN keymark scheme rules for solar thermal products .................................82
Solar Keymark II - Specific CEN Keymark Scheme Rules for Solar Thermal Products (version 9.04) .....83
Solar Keymark II: Standard method for calculating collector annual output ..............................................83
SOLARGE - Course on collective solar thermal systems .............................................................................84
SOLARGE - Good Practice database ..............................................................................................................84
SOLARGE: Solar heat for large buildings – guidelines and practical examples for apartment
buildings, hotels and business ........................................................................................................................84
SOLARGE-03-Promotion Campaigns (Berlin, Turin, Rome, and Slovenia) for Collective Solar Thermal
Systems..............................................................................................................................................................85
SolCamp - Sunčevi toplinski sustavi za kampove (=SolCamp - Solar thermal systems for
camping sites) ...................................................................................................................................................85
SolCamp - T*SOL camp - Software for dimensioning solar thermal systems for camping sites ..............86
SOLPOOL+-Common approach for the implementation of solar heating systems for outdoor
swimming pools in Europe...............................................................................................................................86
SOLPOOL+-Impact advisor ..............................................................................................................................86
SOLPOOL+-State-of-the-art of outdoor swimming pool heating systems: European summary report ...87
SOLTHERM - Campaign guidelines .................................................................................................................87
SOLTHERM - Database of solar thermal tools and guidebooks ...................................................................87
Soltherm - Document technique relatif au solaire thermique (= Soltherm – Technical document on solar
heating) ..............................................................................................................................................................88
SOLTHERM - European market report.............................................................................................................88
Solvärme för campingplatser (=Solar Energy for Campsites) ......................................................................88
Solvarmekalkulator (=Solar heat calculator) ..................................................................................................88
STEP FORWARD - A general guideline for marketing campaigns on solar systems .................................89
Warmte uit zonlicht (= Heating from the sun) .................................................................................................89

Transport Biofuels (Supply Side) ........................... 90


AGRIFORENERGY-Biofuel production by farmers (introductory guidebook) ............................................90
BIODIESEL CHAINS - Biocarburants, maximisons les bénéfices: Manifeste de ValBiom pour un
développement harmonieux des biocarburants (=BIODIESEL CHAINS - Maximising the benefits of
biofuels: ValBiom’s manifesto for the harmonious development of biofuels) ............................................90
BIODIESEL CHAINS - Emerging best practice ...............................................................................................90
BIODIESEL CHAINS - Etat des biocarburants en Belgique et propositions (=BIODIESEL CHAINS - The
state of biofuels in Belgium and recommendations for the future) .............................................................91
BIODIESEL CHAINS - EU-27 biodiesel report: legislation and markets .......................................................91
BIODIESEL CHAINS - Market structures .........................................................................................................92

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BIODIESEL CHAINS - Strategy formation: SWOT analysis ...........................................................................92


BIOFUEL MARKETPLACE - Biofuel SWOT - analysis....................................................................................92
BIOFUEL MARKETPLACE - Biofuel Technology Handbook .........................................................................93
BIOFUEL MARKETPLACE - The biofuel market in Austria – prospects for central eastern Europe ........93
Bio-NETT-Biofuels in the European Union: a vision for 2030 and beyond ..................................................93
Carbon Labelling-Report on the present state of bio-diesel in Malta and measures for its promotion ...94
PROBIO-Three-pronged strategy for the integrated promotion of the biodiesel chain .............................94
Référentiel méthodologique pour la réalisation d’analyses de cycle de vie appliquées aux
biocarburants de première génération en France - Rapport final (= Methodologic reference guidelines
for Life Cycle analysis applied to first generation biofuels in France. Final report....................................95
REFUEL - Assessment of biomass potentials for biofuel feedstock production in Europe:
methodology and results..................................................................................................................................95
REFUEL - Biofuels cost developments in the EU27+ until 2030: full-chain cost assessment and
implications of policy options..........................................................................................................................95
REFUEL - Biomass resources: potential and related costs ..........................................................................96
REFUEL: A qualitative analysis of policy instruments meant to promote biofuels for transport .............96
REFUEL: Defining sustainability criteria for biofuels ....................................................................................97
Theoretical ethanol yield calculator ................................................................................................................97
ThermalNet: Economy of biomass-to-Liquids (BTL) plants: an engineering assessment ........................97

Other Renewable Energy Related Tools


and Guidebooks ................................................. 99
ACCESS-Existing standards for biomass fuels and biomass and solar technologies .............................99
ACCESS-Guidebook for combined solar thermal and biomass fired heating systems .............................99
ACCESS-Guidelines and recommendations on Financing schemes for small-scale biomass and
solar heating ......................................................................................................................................................99
ACCESS-Method for the identification of optimal solar-biomass combined schemes ............................100
ACCESS-Searchable database of biomass and solar companies..............................................................100
Checklist on renewable energy installations in Lithuania: costs, prices, case-studies ..........................100
CLEAN-E - Integration of measures in the field of RES-H/C (heating and cooling using renewable
energy sources) into the scope of green power labels ...............................................................................101
CLEAN-E - Overview of existing green power labelling schemes ..............................................................101
CLEAN-E - Report on the interaction of green power labelling with renewable energy policies ............102
Development of an internet based tool for pre-feasibility studies of RES applications in EU
countries-ERI software tool............................................................................................................................102
EARTH - Environmental and ecological impact assessment of renewable energy projects ...................102

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Renewable Energy

ELREN - Renewable Energy Network Training Manual ...............................................................................103


ELVA - Management model for RES [renewable energy source] heat market assessment .....................103
Enthuse - Planners and renewable energy guide ........................................................................................104
ETRES - Priority Consideration for the Integration of the Most Suitable Renewable Energy Support
Mechanisms in the Greek Electricity Sector.................................................................................................104
ETRES - RES-Financial support mechanisms in Greece: Guidelines for investors .................................104
GreenNet-EU27 - Action Plan: Guiding a least cost grid integration of RES-Electricity in
an extended Europe ........................................................................................................................................105
H-SAPS - Policies and recommendations report: market potential analysis for introduction of
hydrogen energy technology in stand alone power systems .....................................................................105
H-SAPS-Demonstration project plan report: market potential analysis for introduction of hydrogen
energy technology in stand alone power systems ......................................................................................106
ICOSAW-Concept for advanced training regarding the combination of sun and wood ...........................106
K4RES-H - Financial incentive schemes for renewable heating and cooling ...........................................106
K4RES-H - Guidelines for reporting the energy delivery of individual RES-H [heating from
renewable energy sources] systems.............................................................................................................107
K4RES-H - Quantification of energy delivery for financial incentives .......................................................107
K4RES-H - Regulations for renewable heating and cooling .......................................................................107
K4RES-H - Renewable heating: action plan for Europe ..............................................................................108
K4RES-H - Setting verifiable targets for RES-H [heat from renewable energy sources] .........................108
PURE-European and national legislation......................................................................................................109
RECORA - Database on decisive parameters for renewable energy projects...........................................109
RECORA - Handbook of generic technical guidelines for renewable energy sources.............................109
RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software .............................................................110
RE-XPANSION-Recommendations for the selection of promotion strategies for RES, which
internalise external costs ............................................................................................................................... 110
Strategy for renewable electricity exploitation in Malta - Volume 2: policy options ................................. 110
The Eugene Standard - technical document ................................................................................................ 111
Your guide to renewable energy in the home ............................................................................................... 111
Εγχειρίδιο Ανανεώσιμων Πηγών Ενέργειας για μαθ (=Book for college students on Renewable
Energy Sources) .............................................................................................................................................. 111
Το Θεσμικό, Αδειοδοτικό και Χρηματοοικοκονομικa (=Decision Support on the legislative, planning
and financial framework for renewable energy sources in Greece)...........................................................112

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Biogas
This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing specifically on biogas production and its applica-
tions. More tools and guidebooks can be found in the first level section on Renewable energy or under the
subtheme on Biomass in the thematic menu on the left. Additionally you can use the advanced search to
view a wider set of results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country or language.

Bauherrenmappe BIOGAS - Leitfaden für BiogasanlagenbetreiberInnen


(=Biogas information folder for constructors - Guidelines for biogas
installation operators)
AUTHOR(S): Gerhard Ulz, 2006, 135 p.
LANGUAGE: DE
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Installers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Planning
These guidelines aim to assist energy suppliers, planners and installers in the planning and implementation of biogas
systems. A description of the technology and operation of biogas plants is followed by information on funding and licenses.
Further useful information such as official addresses, legal texts and project examples is provided in the annex.

BIOEXELL - Training manual on anaerobic digestion


AUTHOR(S): Claudius da Costa Gomez et al., 2001, 88 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Installers
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Resource assessment | Training
This is a training manual on biogas production from anaerobic digestion, including practical guidelines on how to plan
and build a biogas plant as well as how to ensure quality management and the safe recycling of digestate. This guide
describes the process of anaerobic digestion and the applicability of biogas. It also describes the European legislation
affecting the biogas sector and provides selected country profiles and case studies.

Biomasa: digestores anaerobios (=Biomass: anaerobic digestion)


AUTHOR(S): IDAE (Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía), 2007, 44 p.
LANGUAGE: ES
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Industry
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Industrial Processes | Technologies/ Appliances
These guidelines present the methodologies and different techniques for the production of biogas (and methane) through anaerobic
digestion of biomass from agriculture, domestic organic residues and industries. They present the legal framework for the use
of biogas for electricity production, two case studies and ways of implementing digestive anaerobic systems for production of
electricity from biogas in industrial facilities. A facility in Juneda (Lérida) produces electricity from livestock residues and another
in Vila-sana (Lérida) produces electricity and heat using biogas from livestock (especially pigs) and domestic residues.

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Renewable Energy

Biogas
BioProFarm-Biomethanisation training info
AUTHOR(S): Agricultural technology research and demonstration center (Hungary), 2007, 47 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Farmers/Forestry | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Planning | Technologies/ Appliances | Training
This training material on biomethanisation includes a description of the technologies and processes, relevant EU legislation
and guidelines for planning a biogas plant. It explains biomethanisation, how fuel is created, and other introductory
information such as the chemical process. The training material then addresses the different types of technology and
how they work. The material then goes into detail about the legislation covering the sector. Finally, it discusses what a
biomethanisation infrastructure would look like, how to utilise the fuel, and management of the fuels and related wastes.

BioProFarm-Handbook on setting up a biomethanisation unit


AUTHOR(S): BioProFarm Consortium, 2007, 37 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Farmers/Forestry | Industry
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Energy consumption | Strategy Development
This guidebook provides farmers wishing to get involved in biogas use with a non-exhaustive overview of the factors to
be taken into consideration before implementing a biomethanisation project. New policies implemented to promote the
production of renewable electricity have encouraged farmers to start biomethanisation projects. However, biomethanisation
is little developed except in a few countries such as Germany, Denmark and Luxembourg. Barriers to development
include: high investment costs, availability of sufficient biomass all year round, interconnection with the electrical grid,
valorisation of the thermal energy, and the use of exogenous matters not produced by the farm. This report aims to help
increase the number of farmers involved in biogas use. It looks at the legislation dealing with biomethanisation, typical
types of installations, and the creation of a project. The report details how to start up a project, important factors to take
into account, and sources of finance. It concludes with some examples to help provide guidance on how to implement
a project.

BIOTURBINE - Opportunities for biofuel-burning microturbines in the


European decentralised-generation market
AUTHOR(S): BIOTURBINE Consortium, 2004, 19 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
K E Y W O R D S: Evaluation | Technologies/ Appliances
This guide provides information to decision-makers involved in the setting up of R&D programs and public policies for
the biofuel microturbine market. This document summarizes a set of recommendations for the future development of the
biofuel microturbine market in Europe. Recommended actions address technology research on efficiency, emissions,
flexibility, and durability, system development as well as the set-up of supportive policy frameworks. It mainly addresses
stakeholders involved in microturbine systems, utility systems, microturbine manufacturers, biofuel production government
regulations and EU-decision making process, in developing support policies. In addition the guide looks at the current
and future green electricity market and at energy market development opportunities.

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Biogas Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

PROBIOGAS - Promotion of biogas for electricity and heat production in EU


countries: economic and environmental benefits of biogas
AUTHOR(S): Kurt Hjort-Gregersen et al., 2007, 40 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Heating | Planning
The Probiogas project set out to assess the economic, environmental and energy aspects of biogas production by
centralised co-digestion in selected areas of six European countries which have been slow to implement biogas technology.
The assessment has identified incentives for implementation of biogas systems in those areas. Aimed at policy makers,
farmers and other actors in the biogas field, this final report from the project discusses these incentives, helps to identify
non-technical barriers to the uptake of biogas and discusses their removal. It includes some interesting case studies
from biogas plants in the six countries, including information on: regulatory environment, technical descriptions and
economic performance of the plant, and information dissemination activities. The section on biogas potential, barriers
and recommendations will be of particular use to decision makers, enabling them to make well-informed choices to
facilitate the successful implementation of biogas.

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Renewable Energy

Biomass
This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on biomass production and its applications. More
tools and guidebooks can be found in the first level section on Renewable energy or under the subtheme
on Biogas in the thematic menu on the left. Additionally you can use the advanced search to view a wider
set of results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country or language.

5EURES - Calculation tools for biomass businesses


AUTHOR(S): 5EURES Project Consortium, 2007
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | SMEs
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Evaluation | Financing | Planning
The 5EURES project aims to promote renewable heating from bioenergy by setting up practical demonstrations of
bioenergy heat plants in regions of Germany, Spain, Lithuania, Finland and Portugal. The creation of these five pilot
RES heat markets and the development of examples of complete working fuel chains was hoped to build competence,
establish knowledge transfer and create favourable conditions for SMEs interested in getting involved with woody
biomass. This selection of calculation tools are designed to help businesses assess the financial feasibility of potential
bioenergy business ventures and plan their expenditures. They are not accompanied by an instruction manual, but are
simple enough to interpret and use alone.

5EURES - How to do business with woody biomass: business plan


examples for SMEs
AUTHOR(S): Vaatainen Tahvanainen et al., 2008, 189 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | SMEs
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Financing | Heating | Planning
The 5EURES project aims to promote renewable heating from bioenergy by setting up practical demonstrations of
bioenergy heat plants in regions of Germany, Spain, Lithuania, Finland and Portugal. The creation of these five pilot
RES heat markets and the development of examples of complete working fuel chains was hoped to build competence,
establish knowledge transfer and create favourable conditions for SMEs interested in getting involved in woody biomass.
This particular guidebook provides blueprint business plans for SMEs to assist them in the initial stages. It advises on the
structure and content of an effective business plan for audiences such as banks and investors, municipalities or simply
for the entrepreneur’s own use. It also provides detailed examples for businesses ranging from ash recycling to district
heating, short rotation coppice to heating a local school. This is a valuable source for SMEs, NGOs and energy suppliers,
enabling them to get involved in bioenergy by learning from best practice examples.

ACCESS-Report on perspectives for the development of biomass potential


AUTHOR(S): ACCESS Consortium, 2007, 56 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | CS | EN | HU | RO | SK
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Farmers/Forestry
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe

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Biomass Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

KEYWORDS: Planning | Resource assessment | Strategy Development


This report aims to help different stakeholders (such as producers, consultants, energy service companies and consumers)
to assess the biomass resources that can be used as a fuel for small scale heating and hot-water supply purposes in
Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia. Information is presented for each country on the potential
of solid biomass as an energy source, along with a description of current production and of biomass for heat and electricity.
At the end of the each country report, barriers and opportunities for biomass use in small systems are assessed.

AGRIFORENERGY-Farmers and forest owners as heat sellers (introductory


guidebook)
AUTHOR(S): Agriforenergy Consortium, 2007, 12 p.
LANGUAGE: DE | EN | IT | RO | SK | SL
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Financial Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Heating | Resource assessment
This guidebook for farmers and forest owners gives tips on how to provide biomass for heating in a reliable and sustainable
way. The goal is to assist agricultural groups to increase their biomass production and boost their income by becoming
energy service providers for their region. The guidebook aims to help them to become wood energy contractors by
investing in, operating and maintaining biomass supply systems. The guidebook discusses the bioheat market in Europe,
and the steps involved in the process (raw materials, materials and costs, wood energy contracting and biomass district
heating). It concludes with best practice examples to help other regions and farmers to develop biomass markets.

ASTWOOD-A concept for collection and processing of raw material (wood)


for energy
AUTHOR(S): Angelika Rubick Martin Englisch, 2008, 66 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Planning | Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances
This tool shows practical ways to organise forest management and handle biomass fuel demand. This tool explains different
variables, first describing the basics of biomass from food crops. It details the methods of logging and harvesting, types
and prices of harvesters and the costs of automated harvesting. The next section details bundling and transportation
within the forest, discussing related technologies such as types of forwarders and skidders. The tool then explores other
technologies and issues to be addressed in the provision of fuels from forests, as well as the types of wood fuels that can
be created and marketed, including log wood, wood chips and industrial pellets. The report ends with case studies from
four different areas and explains how they can be applied in other areas.

BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on biomass heating


AUTHOR(S): BEST RESULT Consortium, 2008, 22 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Heating | Training

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Renewable Energy

Biomass
This is a set of training materials that provides information on implementing biomass heating. It is laid out in three lessons,
structured in five sections: renewable energy systems (RES); background of biomass heating; description of biomass
heating systems; biomass heating application markets and biomass heating considerations; and biomass heating project
models. In each section, more detailed information is provided in a concise manner to help create lesson plans. The
sections are broken down into detailed descriptions, with bullet points highlighting the major points of each section.

BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on biomass for houses and buildings


AUTHOR(S): BEST RESULT Consortium, 2008, 50 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Technologies/ Appliances | Training
This is a set of training materials that provides information on biomass for houses and buildings. It is an e-learning
module directed to professionals and other end-users interested in learning about renewable energy supply (RES), mainly
for buildings, but also potentially for any kind of installation. This e-learning module is divided into seven chapters on
the following topics: heating and sanitary hot water biomass systems; densified biomass fuel (pellets); automatic pellet
boilers; biomass-solar mixed systems; environmental and socioeconomic benefits; and practical examples of biomass
heating installations. Each chapter has a question to introduce the chapter, followed by the chapter itself and an answer
sheet.

Bioenergy guide
AUTHOR(S): Marches Energy Agency, 2008, 20 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | CO2 emissions | Technologies/ Appliances
This is a guide targeted at businesses, public authorities and the general public. It aims to raise awareness of bioenergy
by providing a balanced overview of the available technologies, with a focus on the two main types of bioenergy system
suitable for generating electricity and heat; biomass combustion and anaerobic digestion. It provides an accessible but
detailed introduction to the technologies, outlines some of the key considerations for developing a bioenergy facility, and
provides contact details and internet addresses for further information.

BioHousing-Business model for assessing viability of a planned bioenergy


business
AUTHOR(S): BioHousing Consortium, 2008, 16 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | IT
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Feasibility Model
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Farmers/Forestry | Industry | SMEs
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Financing | Technologies/ Appliances
This model allows entrepreneurs to assess the viability of a planned bioenergy business. The model is intended as a
helpful, practical and versatile tool for businesses interested in initiating new entrepreneurial activities related to biomass
heating systems (regular and special maintenance, sale of turnkey systems, supply of wood fuel and sale of energy) in

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Biomass Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

order to permit the exchange of detailed information on the profitability and economic efficiency of this activity. The model
can also offer useful information to existing businesses on potential new activities through the quantification of a financial
balance, therefore offering help in making decisions regarding new services that the business could offer.

BioHousing-Catalogue of biomass products/equipment


AUTHOR(S): BioHousing Consortium, 2007
LANGUAGE: DE | EN | ES | FI | FR | IT
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Heating | Procurement | Technologies/ Appliances
This is an online searchable catalogue of biomass heating-related equipment in Finland, Italy, Spain, France and Austria.
The information includes the relevant technical details of the equipment and emission and efficiency data. The database is
searchable by type of heater: boilers, burners, boiler houses, stoves, chippers, and splitters. It is also searchable by model,
manufacturer and by country. The database also provides information on manufacturers, importers and resellers.

BioHousing-Heating tool: decision-making tool for single-family houses


AUTHOR(S): Biohousing Consortium, 2007
LANGUAGE: DE | EN | ES | FI | FR | IT
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Decision Support System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Citizens | Energy Service Companies (ESCO)
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Buildings | Heating
This web-based tool helps to inform decision-making on planning the heating system for a single-family house.
It promotes the alternatives of biomass-based heating systems. The tool is made up of a several parts: heating
alternatives; an energy calculator; and solutions. The choice of the heating system plays an important role in
determining the level of comfort for the inhabitants of a house, and also the operating expenses of the heating
system, and it is difficult to change the system once the choice has been made. This tool therefore aims to inform
decision-making at the earliest possible stage.

BioHousing-Training materials on biohousing


AUTHOR(S): Klima:Activ, 2007, 115 p.
LANGUAGE: DE | EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Heating | Technologies/ Appliances | Training
This series of training materials addresses biomass and heating for housing. The training materials cover topics including:
heating systems; biomass, fuels and combustion residues; logistics and storage room; pellet heating; planning and
design of biomass-based heating systems; and integration of solar thermal plants with biomass based heating systems.
The materials could be of use for architects, builders, plumbers, chimney sweepers and so on. They are provided in
German with the main chapters of the material also translated into English.

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Renewable Energy

Biomass
Biokütuse kasutaja käsiraamat (=Manual for biofuel users)
AUTHOR(S): Villu Vares et al., 2005, 178 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | ET
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Installers
FUNDING: International Organisations
KEYWORDS: Heating | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
The aim of the manual is to assist decision-makers in municipalities, heating companies, energy suppliers and in
bio-energy producing companies in the practical application of bio-energy for energy production and to disseminate
the experience on making the right choices for technology and size of equipment for bio-energy production
plants. The manual covers the following main topics: (1) Properties of biofuels and peat; (2) Technologies and
machinery for production of solid biofuels; (3) Combustion technologies of biofuels and peat; (4) Mitigation of
environmental impacts; (5) Planning of heat supply systems based on biofuels. This manual provides a broad but
thorough overview for deployment of biomass based solid fuels. It covers the whole chain of biomass use – from
field/forest to the boiler plant and boiler. It also presents the practical experiences of several boiler plants firing
biomass/biofuels in Estonia. The original in Estonian has been translated and published in English, Russian and
Chinese.

Biomasa - obnovitelný zdroj energie (=Biomass-renewable energy source)


AUTHOR(S): Z. Pastorek et al., 2004, 288 p.
LANGUAGE: CS
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Farmers/Forestry | Industry
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances
The publication serves as a reference guide on biomass as an energy source which could be used by a wide audience
ranging from energy experts to the general public. The book covers all key aspects of energy uses of biomass, including
information related to the technological, economic and environmental aspects. The handbook covers the following
key areas: (1) Resources of biomass – including extensive information related to biomass resources including forestry
waste, energy crops, agricultural and by-products. Also provides background information for potential assessment of
biomass resources; (2) Processing of biomass for energy use – covering various technological and logistical solutions
related to collection, transport, processing and storage of biomass. This part also includes information about biomass
conversion into pellets, briquettes, charcoal, as well as processes such as pyrolysis and gasification of biomass etcetera;
(3) Combustion of biomass – describing currently available technologies for biomass combustion for heat and electricity
production, environmental and economical aspects of biomass combustion and examples of installations in the Czech
Republic and in the world; (4) Anaerobic digestion of organic materials – describing currently available technologies for
biogas production and use, environmental and economical aspects of biogas production and energy use and examples
of biogas installations in the Czech Republic; (5) Alternative transport fuels based on biomass – covering aspects of
the production of biofuels; (6) Legislation on use of biomass for energy production – providing insight into the current
legislative environment related to RES in the Czech Republic in the context of the EU legislative framework. The handbook
could be used as reference in the evaluation, design and operation of biomass fuelled energy installations. This is a
publication which needs to be requested through the order form provided below.

Biomasa: gasificación (=Biomass: gas production)


AUTHOR(S): Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía (IDAE), Ministerio de Industria,
Turismo y Comercio, 2007, 32 p.
LANGUAGE: ES

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TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Tips


TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Industry | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Industrial Processes | Technologies/ Appliances
These technical guidelines present the various technologies for the production of gas through the use of biomass. The
guidelines are divided into two chapters: the first is a general introduction on the process and the different kinds of raw
biomass to be used in the process, and the second describes the four different technologies used to produce gas.

Biomasa: producción eléctrica y cogeneración (=Biomass: electric


production and cogeneration)
AUTHOR(S): IDAE (Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía), 2007, 40 p.
LANGUAGE: ES
TYPE OF TOOL: Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances
These guidelines present biomass energy production within a Spanish legal framework and the use of biomass(from
raw materials or already transformed into different types of gas) as the state of the art in heating, cooling and electricity
production. They focus on the costs and the economic benefits of biomass energy production. They also include two
case studies where a detailed technical and economic evaluation is given.

BIOSIT - GIS based Methodology and Algorithm. Release 1.0. The Handbook
AUTHOR(S): ETA Renewable Energies, 2003, 18 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | GIS-based Tool | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU LIFE
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
This handbook describes the methodology behind an algorithm/GIS (Geographical Information Systems) tool which aims
to formulate plans for the effective exploitation of biomass resources in thermal power plants. GIS are a set of computer
tools that can visualise, treat and analyse geographical data and link it to databases, providing clear, easy to analyse
information. An algorithm is a set of mathematical instructions that if given to a computer, will help to calculate an answer
to a mathematical problem. The objective of this algorithm is to execute a detailed analysis of the area under investigation
to calculate the cost of the biomass delivered to the plant; the transport costs of the delivery of biomass to the plant; to
map the road network used by the biomass transport; and to quantify and limit the emissions related to the transport of
that biomass. This handbook is intended for technicians and scientists with a technical background in renewable energies.
The BIOSIT project is based on a partnership between the Department of Energetics (DE-Project coordinator) and the
Department of Agricultural and Land Economy (DEART) of the University of Florence, and ETA Renewable Energies, a
company skilled in the research, design and construction of renewable energy plants.

CLEAN-E - Development of ecological standards for biomass in the


framework of green electricity labelling
AUTHOR(S): Ines Oehme, 2006, 78 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Planning Tool

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Biomass
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Quality schemes
The Clean Energy Network for Europe (CLEAN-E) project is concerned with the design and implementation of green
energy labels: This guide outlines important issues concerning electricity production from biomass and proposes possible
criteria for green power certification schemes covering biomass-generated electricity. It is intended for energy agencies,
labelling organisations and public authorities concerned with policy making, and aims to provide support at three levels:
The further development of biomass criteria applied in the context of the ‘Eugene Standard’; The development of biomass
criteria under the establishment of new national green electricity labels; The possible certification of biomass. A useful
annex provides a summary of the biomass criteria of existing major certification schemes for green electricity. Overall, this
report provides useful guidance to further the sustainable exploitation of electricity from biomass, via green certification
schemes that ensure maximised reductions of carbon dioxide and minimised degradation of air quality.

Criteria voor duurzame biomassa productie. Eindrapport van de


projectgroep “Duurzame productie van biomassa” (=Criteria for sustainable
biomass production. Final report from the working group)
AUTHOR(S): Ministerie van VROM ed., 2006, 40 p.
LANGUAGE: NL
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Decision Support System | Monitoring System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Industrial Processes | Quality schemes
Expectations for the potential of biomass resources are high but risks and potential impacts must also be taken into
account, in terms of environmental, economic and social issues. Therefore, the Dutch government has set up a working
group entitled “Sustainable biomass production” with the aim of defining sustainability criteria for producing and using
biomass as an energy source. The working group underlined that such a set of criteria should be integrated into regulations
at the national, European and global levels. This report presents the main steps and methodology of the project, explains
defining criteria and indicators, and shares ideas about possible certification. This technical report is of interest not only
to sustainability researchers, but also to actors from the biomass sector and decision makers.

EARTH - Key competencies for the installation of biomass heating systems


in Europe
AUTHOR(S): Dominik Rutz Rainer Janssen, 2005, 34 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | DE | EN | LT
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Heating | Planning | Training
The EARTH Project (Extend Accredited Renewables Training for Heating) aims to define a general set of knowledge, skills
and abilities required of practitioners who install and maintain renewable heating systems, to ensure safety, quality and
consumer acceptance. This particular guide is aimed at installers of biomass heating systems, and provides a list of tasks
which they must be able to undertake to be classified as competent installers. Topics covered include: -Environmental
considerations; -Marketing; -Biomass characteristics and storage; -System costs, funding and subsidies; -Health
and safety, legal issues, fire prevention; -Site assessment; -System type and planning; -Component identification and
sizing; -Boiler installation and chimney requirements; -Performing a system check; -Customer education and warranty;
-Maintenance. The document aims to be all-encompassing with the intention that it could provide a starting point for the
creation of a training course for installers of biomass heating systems; courses in each country would however need to
be adapted to reflect national variations.

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Elda rätt, råd för miljöanpassad vedeldning i vedpanna, kamin o dyl (= Guide
for wood heating in fireplaces and stoves)
AUTHOR(S): Naturvårdsverket - Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, 16 p.
LANGUAGE: SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Guidelines | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Managers | Installers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Energy consumption | Technologies/ Appliances
This is a set of guidelines on how to select wood burners and how to use them in an energy efficient way. It also provides
advice on the use of different types of biomass, including pellets. The guide also describes improvements to chimneys,
which can have a beneficial effect on energy efficiency.

Elproduksjon basert på biobrensler (=Electricity Production based on


Bioenergy)
AUTHOR(S): P. F. Jørgensen P. Bernhard, 2004, 42 p.
LANGUAGE: NO
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Feasibility Model
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Managers | Farmers/Forestry
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Evaluation | Resource assessment
This is a tool for the production of electricity from bioenergy sources. It evaluates the feasibility of using biomass from
the forest industry and biogas from sewage treatment plants and organic waste. The guide assesses the technologies
available, the consumption of biomass, bioenergy resources and their costs and the costs for establishing power plants
using bioenergy.

ELVA - Legislative issues for RES heat [heat from renewable energy
sources]
AUTHOR(S): Jessica Lovell Mat Colmer, 2007, 7 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Heating | Strategy Development
The objective of the ELVA project was to establish a local value chain for heat from renewable energy sources (RES-H).
This particular report examines the current legislative issues that both help and hinder the development of renewable heat.
It is aimed at policy makers, energy agencies, NGOs and public authorities. It provides a short analysis of the existing
EU legislative framework on RES-H and renewables; Outlines the main drivers for, and barriers to, RES-H development;
Suggests sectors of the economy in need of attention from new legislation. The focus is biomass, as this is currently the
main source of RES-H. Many projects have addressed this issue, so the information here is not new. It is, however, brief,
concise and clear, providing a quick summary of the situation for a non-scientific audience. It should give policy makers
an understanding of the current situation, enabling them to take appropriate action which will further the dissemination of
RES-H and increase the probability of meeting EU targets for renewable energy by 2020.

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Biomass
EUBIONET - Final results-oriented report: Efficient trading of biomass fuels
and analysis of fuel supply chains and business models for market actors
by networking
AUTHOR(S): Eija Alakangas et al., 2008, 68 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Financing | Resource assessment | Strategy Development
The EUBIONET project aimed to increase deployment of biomass fuels into the European market and match the uptake
of technology, in order to meet European policy targets for renewable energy. This guide is a final report for the project,
presenting summaries of its main tasks and their results: -Evaluation of the current situation and future trends in the biomass
fuel trade; -Business models for biofuel supply chains for heat and power production; -Implications of the EU legislation
for biomass markets in different countries; - Co-operation and dissemination. The guide also lists all the reports published
during the project if readers are interested to know more. This is a good overview of the current market situation for actors
in the biomass sector, although it gives few concrete recommendations for action.

EUBIONET: Bio-energy in Europe 2005: policy trends and issues


AUTHOR(S): Jasper Faber et al., 2006, 57 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
The EUBIONET project aimed to increase deployment of biomass fuels into the European market and match the technology
uptake, in order to meet EU renewable energy targets. This report examines trends in European bio-energy policy, legislation
and implementation in Member States, and it is aimed at policy-makers and energy agencies. It aims to raise awareness of
the damaging effects of policy competition between Member States, and encourages a certain level of coordination. The
first section focuses on specific components of EU legislation: -Renewable Energy Directive; -Emissions Trading Scheme;
-Landfill Directive; -Biofuels Directive; -Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive; -Large Combustion Plant
Directive; and -Waste Incineration Directive. For each directive the following aspects are addressed: -Impact on bioenergy
projects; -Transposition status; -Implementation status; and -Assessment of impact on bioenergy projects. The second
section examines German bio-energy and waste policies, and assesses the effects of recent changes in these policy areas.
The third section examines the consequences for bio-energy in the Netherlands based on the general European and specific
German experiences, and gives recommendations. This guide provides useful advice, enabling policy-makers to make better
informed decisions that work to further the deployment of biomass fuels in the European market.

Gasification Guide - Benchmarking of the legal framework


AUTHOR(S): Ulrich Seifert, 2007, 16 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Installers | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Planning
The Gasification Guide Project ultimately aimed to accelerate the market penetration of small-scale Biomass Gasification
Plants (BGPs) via removal of the non-technical barrier presented by poor awareness and a lack of understanding of

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heath, safety and environmental issues. These particular guidelines are aimed at manufacturers and operators of BGP
systems. The guide provides a general overview of relevant elements of the European legal framework, and advises on
interpretation of the discussed legislation. Overall this is a useful guide for BGP operators and manufacturers, enabling
them to run their systems in a safe and eco-friendly manner.

INCO COPERNICUS - Čista energija iz gozda Kotli na lesno biomaso za


centralno ogrevanje (=Clean energy from forest wooden biomass for fuelling
boilers for central heating)
AUTHOR(S): Darko Hrovatin Lojze Šubic, 2000, 28 p.
LANGUAGE: SL
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Installers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: EU Structural funds
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Evaluation | Heating
The handbook “Clean energy from forest wooden biomass boilers for central heating” deals with the issues related
to the usage of wooden biomass for central heating in buildings. The main target groups of this handbook are energy
managers, planners, builders and installers of wooden biomass related equipment in Slovenia. This handbook provides
detailed information about benefits of use of wooden biomass for central heating. The most important topics covered
by this handbook are: (1) Installation of the wooden biomass boiler; (2) Technical aspects for proper selection of the
wooden biomass boiler. This document is a useful starting point in the process of the evaluation of the possibilities for the
installation of the central heating system using the wooden biomass in Slovenia.

Investment process for renewable energy sources - biomass and biogas


AUTHOR(S): Ministry of energy and energy resources, Energy Efficiency Agency, 2006, 17 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Feasibility Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Suppliers | Financial Operators
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Contracting | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
This tool facilitates actor involved in the development of biomass and biogas installations by describing their roles in the
process, their responsibilities and the legal requirements of the process itself. The tool also includes guidelines referring to
all the stages of a project’ s development, and it is therefore interesting to assigners, constructors, developers, designers,
consultants, natural bodies exercising the technical control for the ‘construction’, technical managers and technology
suppliers. The tool contains the following contents: (1) Description of the participants in the investment process and
their roles; (2) Investment design, which includes: project definition; data collection; documents; and preparation of the
project’s terms of reference; (3) Drafting terms of reference and design of the installation itself; (3) Permits and licenses
necessary to start the construction. The next steps, permissions, and documents required are described: (a) Obtaining
building permission, permission and license from the State Energy Regulatory Commission (SERC); (b) Written request
for studying the conditions and ways to connect to the electric grid; (c) Written request for studying the conditions and
way to connect to the heat supply grid; (d) Electric grid connection contract and heat supply grid connection contract;
(e) Construction and installation.; The procedures of contracting among participants in the construction process, such
as opening the construction site and determining building line and level, along with the building insurance are described;
(f) Construction completion and usage permits. This part includes working plans, installation suitability establishment,
connection to the electric and heat supply grids and bringing into operation. The tool describes the stages of construction
of biogas and biomass installations. The focus is on the existing legal requirements, starting with securing the land for the
construction site and finishing with the final test of bringing the installation into operation.

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K4RES-H - Biomass for heat: action plan
AUTHOR(S): Jean-Marc Jossart Edita Vagonyte, 2007, 8 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning
Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Managers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by
increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples,
K4RES-H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy
delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular guidebook
provides a clear, simple introduction to biomass for architects, energy managers and ESCOS. It includes the following:
- Basic concept of heat from biomass; - Technologies available; - Advantages; - Competitiveness with alternative fuels;
- The need for targets for bioenergy - The need for an EU Directive on heat. Although distinctly pro-biomass, this colourful
guidebook explains concepts simply and succinctly, enabling readers to make a more informed choice of heat source.

K4RES-H - Financial incentive schemes for bioheat


AUTHOR(S): European Biomass Association Jean-Marc Jossart, 2006, 77 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Financial Operators | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Financing | Heating | Planning
The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by
increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-
H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -
Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular guide addresses
the success factors of financial incentive schemes (FIS) for bioheat. It is aimed at those actors involved with the design
of FIS, such as energy agencies, public authorities and NGOs. It covers some of the main elements that are important
to consider regarding the economics of bioheat, including: - Cost of conversion equipment and fuel; - Efficiency; - Final
heat price; - The nature of competitiveness. The second half of the report uses country case studies to discuss: - Green
certificates; - White certificates; - Tax credits; - Taxation of fossil fuels; - Tax deduction for biofuel appliance; - Market
incentive programmes; - Cogeneration provision; - District heating; - Future support programmes. This report offers
valuable guidance to equip policy makers involved with the design of FIS for bioheat.

K4RES-H - Regulations for bioheat


AUTHOR(S): European Biomass Association Jean-Marc Jossart, 2006, 42 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Heating | Planning | Strategy Development
The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by
increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-
H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery;
-Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular report presents

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nine regulations that have an impact on bioheat development. It aims to inform policy makers and legislators of the
experiences of other countries in this field, in order that they may make informed decisions. The first chapter summarises
the regulations, which it classifies into the following classes: bioheat development, rules for permits, others. The second
chapter discusses them in more detail, under the following headings: - Identification of the regulation; Description of
the regulation, including Background, Objectives, Timing, Cost of implementation and Restraints; - Results, including
quantitative data, replication potential and communication; - Monitoring and lessons learned. This is a useful guide which
presents previous successes and failures of bioheat regulations, helping policy makers to design suitable regulations to
accelerate the growth of the bioheat sector, in order to reach the EU target on renewable energy by 2020.

K4RES-H - Targets for heat from biomass


AUTHOR(S): Jean-Marc Jossart, 2007, 16 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Heating | Planning | Strategy Development
The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by
increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples,
K4RES-H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy
delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular guide
is aimed at policy makers. It expounds the merits of detailed, concrete, technology-specific target setting. It covers:
- Items to consider when setting targets, including the problems with the Biomass Action Plan targets, repartition to
Member States and methods to calculate targets; - Statistics; - Suggested targets; Annex tables include the situation in
2004, objectives for 2010 and objectives for 2020. This guide is practical and specific, equipping policy makers to make
informed decisions when setting targets for heat from renewable energy.

K4RES-H - Targets for heat from biomass: quantifying energy delivery from
individual bioheat installations
AUTHOR(S): Association européenne pour la Biomasse European Biomass Association (AEBIOM), 2007, 10 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Energy consumption | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by increasing
awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-H has
developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -Regulations;
-Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular report presents a calculation method
for targets for heat from biomass when measurements are not available or do not make sense, for example, due to the small
size of the unit. Insights on Germany, Italy and Sweden are given. It aims to assist public authorities in the quest to assess
the heat energy from renewable sources produced and consumed in the European Member States.

Katlu māju konversija uz vietējo kurināmo–koksnes un citu biomasu


(=Converting boiler rooms to using local fuel – wood pulp and other
biomass)
AUTHOR(S): Vides projekti, 2003, 55 p.

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LANGUAGE: LV
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Installers | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: International Organisations
KEYWORDS: Heating | Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances
The guidebook aims at providing practical information on the existing positive and negative aspects of the process of
converting of coal and petrol boiler rooms to biomass boiler rooms. The level of risk is also investigated. The handbook
is intended to help the local authorities and the technical staff of boiler rooms in the process of utilizing the existing wood
and wood residues as well as straw as biomass heat resources and use them as alternative to petrol and coals. The
first chapters of the guidebook include characteristics of the biomass potential of Latvia – wood and straw in particular.
Also an overview is given of the experience of other countries in Central and Eastern Europe in producing heat from
biomass. A description of the local boiler room equipment follows, along with explanation of the process of conversion of
boiler rooms. There is an analysis of the factors influencing the quality of heat production from converted boilers. These
factors are: (1) Planning the concept of heat production; (2) Boiler reconstruction measures; (3) Reconstruction of the heat
production process; (4) Reconstruction of the heating supply system. The advantages of the computerized control of heat
consumption by multi-storey buildings and other big consumers are presented. The final chapter focuses on an efficient
system for heat consumption measurement and distribution. The information in the guidebook is illustrated with various
boiler schemes, tables with data on the straw and wood characteristics, technical description of the big boiler rooms
working with biomass in Latvia, available technical equipment at local level – description of brands, capacity, etcetera.
The guide can be useful as a reference tool for the preliminary analyses and research, choosing the most appropriate
technical scheme, designing the conversion process, subsequently computerizing the monitoring of heat consumed by
various users, and establishing effective system of heat supply.

Le bois énergie pour les collectivités territoriales. Recommandation pour


la réalisation de réseaux de chaleur au bois (= Wood-energy for local
communities. Recommendations for implementing district wood heating
systems)
AUTHOR(S): ADEME / ATEE / BIOMASSE NORMANDIE / CIBE / AMORCE / VIASEVA ed., 2007, 4 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Feasibility Model | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Heating | Planning | Strategy Development
These guidelines aim to provide local authorities with recommendations for installing a large wood based district heating
system at the local level. In this new energy and environmentally conscious age public authorities are encouraged more
and more to install systems using renewable energy. These guidelines present legal, technical and economic good
practices based on experiences and feedback from existing networks.

Le bois-énergie et les collectivités locales (= Wood-energy and local


authorities)
AUTHOR(S): Biomasse Normandie, 2006, 18 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Resource assessment | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

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This is a contribution from Biommase-Normandie to a parliamentary report on renewable energy for local authorities, The
first part describes the positive environmental impact of using wood-energy at a local level. The second part explains
the national objectives and gives some examples from the Basse-Normandie region. The third part proposes guidelines
to local authorities to develop and implement a wood-energy system at the local level. Although this document primarily
targets French local authorities, the first and third part may also be of interest to local authorities in other countries.

Moderní využití biomasy - technolgické a logistické moznosti (=Modern


utilisation of biomass - technological and logistical options)
AUTHOR(S): J. Jakubes et al., 2006, 66 p.
LANGUAGE: CS
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Farmers/Forestry | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances
The of this guidebook is to provide a critical overview of available options of energy utilisation of biomass while considering the
sustainability of biomass supply chain. The target audience consists of public authorities, planners, energy suppliers, energy
service provider, biomass suppliers, energy experts and other stakeholders. In the introductory part, the use of biomass in the
context of RES utilisation and national energy balance is explained, as well as policy and legislative support to biomass use in
the EU and the Czech Republic. The second part of publication focuses at biomass resources, products based on biomass
and biomass logistics. In the third part, information about sustainability of biomass use as well as criteria for the evaluation of
sustainability of biomass energy systems are provided. The last part presents a detailed overview of the state-of-the-art and
prospective biomass to energy conversion technologies. The guidebook provides very detailed information about biomass
logistics systems and energy conversion technologies as well as criteria for evaluation of sustainability of biomass energy
systems that could be used in biomass energy systems planning, design, development and operation.

Nutzung von Biomasse in Kommunen - ein Leitfaden: Einführung (=Using


biomass in local authorities - a guidebook: introduction)
AUTHOR(S): Bundsumweltministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit (BMU), 2003, 21 p.
LANGUAGE: DE
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Technologies/ Appliances
This complex guide aims to support the sharing of experiences and best practices on the implementation of biomass
projects at a local level. It is targeted at planners, builders, local authorities, investors and energy suppliers. The guide is
divided into five different sections: (1) introduction (2) instructions (3) background information (4) examples and (5) annex.
This background section includes information to facilitate the decision making process, planning and implementation of
biomass related projects.

Pellets@las: Market data database


AUTHOR(S): European Pellet Centre, 2007
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe

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Biomass
KEYWORDS: Heating | Monitoring | Procurement
The Pellets@las was created by the European Pellet Centre to support the development of the European pellet market. It is
aimed at professional pellet market actors across Europe, intending to provide them with valuable up-to-date pellet market
information thus facilitating trade and aiding the removal of the following market barriers: information gaps, local supply
bottlenecks and production surpluses. This continuously updated online tool presents data on the price, consumption
and production of wood pellets, as well as the production capacity of pellet plants, for 29 European countries. Searches
are made by country and data category and the results are presented as a graph. A map indicates the location and name
of each plant, and some also supply contact details. Limited access to price data is set as default, meaning that the
most recent two months’ data is hidden. To obtain full access to prices, it is necessary to contribute to the collection of
price data. Contact details are given for organising this. This is an excellent tool for pellet market actors, and provides an
incentive to contribute to its expansion by giving participating companies the edge over those who do not have such up
to date information.

REFUEL: Bioenergy expansion strategies for Europe - cost effective


biomass allocation and biofuel stepping stones
AUTHOR(S): Göran Berndes et al, 2008, 86 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Planning | Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances
The REFUEL project was designed to encourage a greater market penetration of biofuels through the development of
a biofuels ‘roadmap’. As part of the roadmap, this guidebook developed and analysed the impacts of various biofuel
scenarios for the European Union (EU), focusing largely on total energy use and legislative constraints. It is intended for
policy makers and aims to give them insight into the cost-effectiveness of specific policies and strategies in inducing
development towards such scenarios. It covers: development of the transport and energy systems in the EU; the potential
for cogeneration of biofuels for transport and heat for district heat systems; and the potential for biomass co-firing with
coal. Additionally, specific strategies for the realisation of these biofuel scenarios are formulated and evaluated. This
guidebook provides useful action plans for policy makers, enabling them to achieve a desired level of biofuel use.

REGBIE+ - Biomasa: Calefaccion sostenible para edificios públicos (=


Biomass: Sustainable heating for public buildings)
AUTHOR(S): Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía et al., 2002, 12 p.
LANGUAGE: ES
TYPE OF TOOL: Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
The REGBIE+ project is concerned with Regional Bioenergy Initiatives around Europe, and aims to strengthen regional
uptake of biomass heating. Its main objectives are to: - Support the Biomass Action Plan; - Strengthen and start regional
bioenergy initiatives; - Remove technical and non-technical market barriers; - Stimulate regional demand and supply
structures; - Raise general awareness of biomass. This booklet provides general information about biomass heating in
buildings: housing, public buildings like schools, old people’s homes, town halls and other big buildings. The publication
is oriented to mayors, town councillors and municipal technicians that are interested in the sustainable development of
their municipality.

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REGBIE+ - Holz hat’s Energie aus dem Wald!: Aktionsheft für Schulen der
Sekundarstufe I (=Schoolbook on wood as sustainable energy)
AUTHOR(S): Klimaschutzagentur Region Hannover gGmbH, 2007, 37 p.
LANGUAGE: DE
TYPE OF TOOL: Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
The REGBIE+ project is concerned with Regional Bioenergy Initiatives around Europe, and aims to strengthen regional
uptake of biomass heating. Its main objectives are to: - Support the Biomass Action Plan; - Strengthen and start regional
bioenergy initiatives; - Remove technical and non-technical market barriers; - Stimulate regional demand and supply
structures; - Raise general awareness of biomass. This schoolbook was inspired by a first school competition in the Region
of Hannover. The schoolbook compiles background information, worksheets and experiments as well as suggestions for
excursions on the topic of wood as a sustainable energy source. It is aimed at teachers, and for schoolchildren aged 10 to
16. This publication is a good example of how to communicate information on biomass heating to the next generation.

REGBIE+ - Regional Bioenergy Initiatives around Europe: campaign manual


AUTHOR(S): Target GmbH, 2008, 66 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Planning | Training
The REGBIE+ project is concerned with Regional Bioenergy Initiatives around Europe, and aims to strengthen regional uptake
of biomass heating. Its main objectives are to: - Support the Biomass Action Plan; - Strengthen and start regional bioenergy
initiatives; - Remove technical and non-technical market barriers; - Stimulate regional demand and supply structures; - Raise
general awareness of biomass. This guide uses the example of a campaign for marketing solid biomass fuels in Hannover
– “Heizen mit Holz” (Heating with Wood) - as a campaign model for other European regions. It is aimed at energy agencies,
public authorities and NGOs involved with promoting renewable energy technologies, particularly bioenergy. Elements covered
include: - Extensive tips on networking; - Detailed ideas for campaigning, including a long list of suggested instruments such
as advertising, PR and events; - Advice on establishing a corporate identity; - Explanation of how to use a strategic matrix for
workshops or meetings. This manual is brilliant for its comprehensive attention to detail and practical elements such as fill-in
worksheets and a year plan. An excellent tool for furthering the promotion of renewable energy technologies.

REGBIE+ - Solutions pour l’implantation d’une chaudiere à biomasse


(= Recommendations for the installation of heating from biomass)
AUTHOR(S): Frédéric DOUARD, 2008, 27 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
The REGBIE+ project is concerned with Regional Bioenergy Initiatives around Europe, and aims to strengthen regional uptake
of biomass heating. Its main objectives are to: - Support the Biomass Action Plan; - Strengthen and start regional bioenergy
initiatives; - Remove technical and non-technical market barriers; - Stimulate regional demand and supply structures; -
Raise general awareness of biomass. This guide is aimed primarily at local authorities and takes the form of an introductory

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Renewable Energy

Biomass
presentation on biomass, covering: - What biomass is; - The different fuel types, including their energy content, use, price,
advantages and constraints; - The available technologies, including advantages, constraints and installation; - Practical
applications of biomass heating on a range of scales; - Real life examples of heating from biomass in action. This is an
informative set of slides, giving decision-makers a clear understanding of biomass for heat, allowing them to make more
informed decisions on a national level for policy, and on a local level for the energy source for heating in their district. It might
also be of interest to energy managers and ESCOs wanting to know more about renewable energy options for heating.

REGBIE+ - Successful financing schemes of biomass project development


AUTHOR(S): REGBIE+ Consortium, 2008, 48 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Managers | Financial Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Financing | Heating
The REGBIE+ project is concerned with Regional Bioenergy Initiatives around Europe, and aims to strengthen regional uptake
of biomass heating. Its main objectives are to: support the Biomass Action Plan; strengthen and start regional bioenergy
initiatives; remove technical and non-technical market barriers; stimulate regional demand and supply structures; raise general
awareness of biomass. This guide uses the example of a campaign for marketing solid biomass fuels in Hannover – “Heizen
mit Holz” (Heating with Wood) - as a campaign model for other European regions. It is aimed at energy agencies, public
authorities and NGOs involved with promoting renewable energy technologies, particularly bioenergy. Elements covered
include: extensive tips on networking; detailed ideas for campaigning, including a long list of suggested instruments such
as advertising, PR and events; advice on establishing a corporate identity; explanation of how to use a strategic matrix for
workshops or meetings. This manual is brilliant for its comprehensive attention to detail and practical elements such as fill-in
worksheets and a year plan. An excellent tool for furthering the promotion of renewable energy technologies.

REGBIE+ - Wood Heating in the Home: A Market Guide


AUTHOR(S): South-East Regional Authority, 2008, 21 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Agencies | Energy Managers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Financing | Technologies/ Appliances
The REGBIE+ project is concerned with Regional Bioenergy Initiatives around Europe, and aims to strengthen regional uptake of
biomass heating. Its main objectives are to: - Support the Biomass Action Plan; - Strengthen and start regional bioenergy initiatives;
- Remove technical and non-technical market barriers; - Stimulate regional demand and supply structures; - Raise general
awareness of biomass. This guide, produced by the South-East Regional Authority in Ireland, aims to help raise awareness of
biomass heating by providing basic information designed to stimulate and inform the reader on details of biomass technologies.
In this way it aims to contribute to strengthening the demand for wood boilers, wood pellets and other biomass technologies
that could be used in private households. It hopes to demonstrate to the consumer that biomass technology provides a secure
energy supply, at prices which are competitive, and which contributes to the reduction of CO2 emissions. The guide contains
information on: available wood heating systems; manufacturers of wood pellet boilers; pellets; financial incentives; practical
guidelines for buyers; a small number of frequently asked questions; and contact details for further information.

RESINBUIL - Training course on renewable energy sources engineering in


buildings
AUTHOR(S): RESINBUIL Consortium, 2006
LANGUAGE: EN | IT | RO | SL

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Biomass Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

TYPE OF TOOL: Training Material


TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Installers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Technologies/ Appliances | Training
The RESINBUIL project encourages the use of small scale renewable energy appliances in buildings in four provinces of Spain, Italy,
Slovenia and Romania. Its main target groups are local authorities, business associations, constructors, professional associations
and the general public. The project involved the development of training courses on renewable energy sources engineering in
buildings, addressed to architects and engineers. This set of materials includes reference texts, exercises and questionnaires on
the following topics: solar energy use in buildings; solar irradiance; solar thermal energy; grid connected photovoltaic systems;
and bioheat. The materials could form the basis for self-study, or could be used for developing a new training course.

RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Biomass


heating project
AUTHOR(S): Natural Resources Canada, 2004
LANGUAGE: BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Energy consumption | Evaluation | Planning
The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software: Biomass heating project is a decision support tool developed to
evaluate the energy production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for Biomass heating
projects. The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation platform for the various
stakeholders involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility studies, disseminate knowledge
to help people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical and financial viability of possible
projects. The software includes product, project, hydrology and climate databases, a detailed online user manual, and a
case study based college/university-level training course, including an engineering e-textbook. RETScreen can be used
for feasibility studies; project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis; information dissemination; training;
sales of products and/or services; project development & management; and product development/R&D. This tool is
provided in 30 different languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used. Provided here are the general tool
that can be utilised for analysis as well as a tool specific to Biomass heating projects. The individual tool is technology-
specific, providing an energy model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions analysis, and a financial summary.

ThermalNet: Technical issues: Feedstocks and standards


AUTHOR(S): Michael del Doran Maria Carmen Lorenzo Avila, 2006, 59 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Evaluation System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Quality schemes | Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances
The ThermalNet project aimed to create a European network for biomass pyrolysis, gasification and combustion, and a
forum to review and help resolve barriers that may be encountered in implementing these conversion technologies. This
report is a compilation of information aiding the comparison of feedstock characteristics and technologies from different
countries. It is aimed at those involved in the production of biofuel, and intends to increase the quality of biofuel produced
by assisting in the understanding of the relationship between the chosen conversion system (its size and quality) and
the quality and homogeneity of the fuel type. It summarises methods for the characterisation and analysis of biomass
feedstocks as well as liquid, gaseous and solid products from thermo-chemical conversion processes. The report covers:
-Current and future biomass feedstock; -Identification of standards; and -Feedstocks and technology. This guide will help
biofuel producers achieve a higher quality product, and further the development of biofuels as a viable energy source.

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Renewable Energy

Geothermal
This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on geothermal applications, such as ground-coupled
heat pumps. More tools and guidebooks can be found in the first level section on Renewable energy or by
using the advanced search to view a wider set of results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country
or language.

BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on geothermal energy and heat pumps


AUTHOR(S): BEST RESULT Consortium et al., 2008, 10 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Technologies/ Appliances | Training
This is a set of training materials that provides information on using geothermal energy and geothermal heat pumps. It is
laid out in 12 lessons broken down into two modules, with five lessons in the first module and seven in the second module.
A general overview of the historical data and development of the geothermal scenario is provided. Also included in the
first module are economic aspects, market trends and legislation. After introductory information explaining geothermal
energy, how it can be harnessed and how much is potentially available, the second module focuses on the different uses
for both electricity generation and non-electric applications. This module looks at the technology, the main parameters
of use, theoretical aspects, and also talks about the Best Available Technologies (BAT) with guidelines for planning,
installation, and maintenance.

Geo-thermal: how does it work?


AUTHOR(S): Orkuveita Reykjavikur, 1 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | IS
TYPE OF TOOL: Simulation Tool | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Industrial Processes | Technologies/ Appliances
This is an online web tool that explains the process of producing electricity from geo-thermal energy. The tool is based
on the production process of the Hellisheidi power plant in Iceland, which has been designed to be as environmentally-
friendly and energy efficient as possible. The tool is user-friendly, providing a graphical presentation of the process which
enables the user to click on different elements of the geo-thermal system for further details. It is also possible to activate
a ‘pop-up’ guide, which appears on the screen to take you on a ‘tour’ of the process.

K4RES-H - A methodology for the calculation of the energy delivery of


geothermal systems
AUTHOR(S): EGEC - European Geothermal Energy Council, 2007, 11 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Energy consumption | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

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Geothermal Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by
increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples,
K4RES-H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy
delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. In smaller RES-H
[heating from renewable energy sources] systems, energy delivery is often not measured but can be calculated on
the basis of scientific parameters. This particular report proposes sound methods to calculate the energy output of
small RES-H systems. It aims to assist public authorities with the assessment of energy from RES-H produced and
consumed in the European Member States.

K4RES-H - Financial incentive schemes for geothermal energy


AUTHOR(S): European Geothermal Energy Council, 2006, 43 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Financial Operators | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Financing | Heating | Planning
The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by
increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples,
K4RES-H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying
energy delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This
particular report aims to provide guidance to actors involved in the development of financial incentive schemes
(FIS) to support geothermal heating. It provides: - An overview of different types of FIS under the headings of
‘supports’ and ‘burdens’; - An evaluation of these schemes, examining the pros and cons of subsidies, followed
by recommendations; - Cases studies of seven European countries on subjects such as support programmes for
renewable energy technologies, financial resources, government strategies, the market situation, and good and
bad experiences of FIS. Through examination of other countries’ experiences, this report develops indicators
against which existing incentive schemes are to be evaluated. As such it comprises a valuable resource for policy
makers in the quest to promote the generation of heat from geothermal energy.

K4RES-H - Quantifying the energy from single geothermal installations for


the purpose of financial incentive schemes.
AUTHOR(S): EGEC - European Geothermal Energy Council, 2007, 5 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Energy consumption | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and
cooling by increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best
practice examples, K4RES-H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable
targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-
H technology. This particular tool presents a monitoring strategy for geothermal heating plants and heat
pumps in order to permit the quantification of energy delivery by these single installations. It aims to assist
public authorities with the assessment of heat energy from renewable sources produced and consumed in the
European Member States.

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Geothermal
Leitfaden zur Nutzung von Erdwärme mit Erdwärmesonden (=Guide on the
use of geothermal power with borehole heat exchanger)
AUTHOR(S): Umweltministerium Baden-Württemberg (hrsg.), 2005, 28 p.
LANGUAGE: DE
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Cooling | Heating
This guidebook, targeting mainly local administrations, supports a country-wide, uniform analysis and implementation
of borehole heat exchangers, in view of groundwater protection issues. Contents include a description of borehole heat
exchangers and their operation techniques, the legal situation in Germany, and technical, geographical and administrative
requirements. Furthermore, the guide includes useful tips for future operators and producers on relevant requirements
and standards.

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

Mini Wind
This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on small-scale wind applications. More tools and
guidebooks can be found in the first level section on Renewable energy or by using the advanced search
to view a wider set of results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country or language.

L’energia eolica (=Wind energy)


AUTHOR(S): ENEA, 2004, 12 p.
LANGUAGE: IT
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Agencies | Installers
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Energy consumption | Technologies/ Appliances
This small guidebook provides very well presented, concise but detailed information on wind energy. The
information may be of use for citizens, installers, technology suppliers, energy agencies interested in
disseminating basic but comprehensive information on wind turbines, or public authorities. This guide provides:
an introduction to wind energy; an overview of wind plant technologies and turbines; guidance on where to
install a wind turbine; the best terrain for installation and how to perform wind measurements; impacts on the
environment; useful data on wind production and costs; and information on incentives granted to this energy
source in Italy. The information is accompanied by illustrations and explanatory diagrams and technical schemes
of the technologies. The clear layout and the images provided make this brochure a useful tool for dissemination
and educational purposes.

Masto-opas (=A guide for setting up small scale wind power)


AUTHOR(S): FINNWIND, 2006, 4 p.
LANGUAGE: FI
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers
FUNDING: Private
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances
This guide provides instructions on how to build and set up a mast for a small-scale wind turbine. The guide is intended
for anyone wishing to set up wind turbines of this type. It describes the materials available for the mast, the preparatory
work required prior to erection of the mast, and how to raise the mast. The guide also provides a formula for calculating
the required power to raise the mast.

Pientuulivoimala rakennusohjeita (=Building instructions for small scale


windpower)
AUTHOR(S): FINNWIND, 2008, 6 p.
LANGUAGE: FI
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers
FUNDING: Private
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances
This document provides useful guidelines for do-it-yourself wind power installations for anyone considering setting up
wind turbines. The guide includes sections on the theoretical background for building small scale wind turbines, size

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Mini Wind
selection, the main components of a wind turbine, how to set up storm protection and detailed information about specific
parts and how to set them up. The guide ends with a list of answers to common questions.

RES-e Regions - Small-scale wind systems: A reference guide


AUTHOR(S): D. Clubb for the Mid Wales Energy Agency, 2005, 10 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Agencies | Energy Managers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances
This short guide is aimed at small businesses or individuals wishing to install small-scale individual wind turbines. It
provides a brief overview of how to go about such a task, including: - A planning flowchart; - Steps required, including
project planning, information, design, construction, testing and connection; - Two examples of successful projects,
including details on location, installer, turbine type, total cost and payback time; - Frequently asked questions on payback
time, selling to the grid and availability of grants, among others. Lists of Wales-based consultants and energy agencies, as
well as UK-based small turbine manufacturers are given, along with their contact details and links to further information.
This guide is very basic but provides a good starting point outlining all the necessary issues for those interested in getting
involved with small scale wind power.

RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Wind


energy project
AUTHOR(S): Natural Resources Canada, 2004
LANGUAGE: BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
K E Y W O R D S: Energy consumption | Evaluation | Planning
The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software: Wind Energy Project is a decision support tool developed to
evaluate the energy production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for wind energy projects.
The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation platform for the various stakeholders
involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility studies, disseminate knowledge to help
people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical and financial viability of possible projects.
The software includes product, project and climate databases, a detailed online user manual, and a case study based
college/university-level training course, including an engineering e-textbook. RETScreen can be used for feasibility studies;
project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis; information dissemination; training; sales of products and/
or services; project development & management; and product development/R&D. This tool is provided in 30 different
languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used. Provided here are the general tool that can be utilised for
analysis as well as a tool specific to wind energy projects. The individual tool is technology-specific, providing an energy
model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions analysis, and a financial summary.

WELFI-Basic Guidance on wind energy local financing


AUTHOR(S): Wind Energy Local Financing (WELFI) Consortium, 2003, 40 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Financial Operators | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save

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Mini Wind Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks

KEYWORDS: Financing | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances


The WELFI (Wind Energy Local Financing) project is focused on local and/or joint financing as a means to improve
the acceptability of wind farms amongst local populations. It aims to transfer previous experience from Denmark and
Germany on this topic to other countries, in particular France, Greece, Poland and Spain. A comparative analysis has
been undertaken of the legal, social and financial frameworks in Denmark and Germany in order to identify rules and
practices that can be replicated in other countries. The documents available are specific to Germany, Denmark, Spain
and France and include case studies and a comparative overview of the countries. Three case studies are available from
France and two case studies are available from Germany, Denmark and Spain. The French case studies are presented in
French. The barriers and recommendations section is available in both English and French.

WINEUR-Administrative and legal barriers to small scale wind power in


France
AUTHOR(S): AXENNE, 2006, 16 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Industry | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Planning | Strategy Development
This report focuses on the current legal and administrative framework related to small scale wind power in France. The
report was drawn up in response to the perception that the necessary regulations, procedures and guidelines for the
integration of small wind turbines into urban areas are not yet in place. The report first lays out the current administrative
and planning framework, then summarises administrative and planning barriers to urban wind, and concludes with
recommendations and a blueprint for a procedure for planning permits for small wind turbines in France.

WINEUR-Administrative and planning issues for small wind turbines in


urban areas
AUTHOR(S): Katerina Syngellakis et al., 2006, 47 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Planning | Strategy Development
This report provides an overview of the international and national policy environment along with information on non-
technical barriers to the implementation of small wind turbine projects in urban areas, focusing briefly on administrative
and planning barriers. The report mainly looks at France, the Netherlands and the UK, but also includes discussions and
interviews with local authority staff, manufacturers and suppliers of small wind turbines. The report hopes to provide
an understanding of the main non-technical constraints to small urban wind development. The report first looks at
the institutional and policy framework on the international, EU, and national level, then goes on to discuss planning
procedures, planning and administrative barriers, standards and certification, before providing recommendations and a
blueprint for future projects.

WINEUR-European urban wind turbines catalogue


AUTHOR(S): Wineur Consortium, 2006, 70 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities

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Renewable Energy

Mini Wind
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Procurement | Technologies/ Appliances
This is a catalogue which provides a profile of 33 different European wind turbine manufacturers. Each profile includes
contact information for the manufacturer and a detailed specification of each wind turbine produced, giving details on
power, dimensions, and other information. Also included in this tool is a technology review that contains an analysis of
the manufacturers and their turbines. This assesses which turbines perform well in certain conditions, whether to select a
horizontal or a vertical axis wind turbine, and the performance, strengths and weaknesses of wind turbines.

WINEUR-Report on wind resource assessment in the urban environment


AUTHOR(S): Wineur Consortium, 2007, 47 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Evaluation System | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Industry | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Resource assessment | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
This report provides an introduction to wind resource assessment in the urban environment in France, the UK and the
Netherlands. A series of assessments were undertaken in the countries, and this report presents those assessments,
including the available resources, the methodology and modelling utilised, wind patterns and conditions, positioning of
the turbines, and the results and conclusions. These assessments can help local companies to provide the technology
or knowledge to develop the wind energy market, or can be used for other countries as a blueprint to model their own
resource assessments.

WINEUR-Socio-economic issues related to the installation of small wind


turbines in the built environment
AUTHOR(S): Jadranka Cace, 2007, 22 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Evaluation System | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Evaluation | Planning
The report elaborates the main socio-economic issues related to urban wind turbines (UWTs), including: attitudes of
different stakeholders, visual impact, safety, noise production, information and communication, and possible impacts on
job creation. This report presents the combined results of socio-economic surveys undertaken in the UK, France and the
Netherlands. The report outlines the market factors for urban wind, the awareness and attitudes of different stakeholders
towards renewable energy and wind turbines (broken down by stakeholder group), and the methodology of the research
and analysis of the data.

WINEUR-Technology review of urban wind turbines


AUTHOR(S): Wineur Consortium, 2006, 9 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Procurement | Technologies/ Appliances

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This document provides a description of different types and technologies of urban wind turbines, their benefits and
drawbacks. Information is provided on 32 different manufacturers and 57 models. The document gives a short presentation
on the manufacturers, the urban wind regime, and then explains the performance, strengths, and weaknesses of the
turbines. It looks at factors such as horizontal versus vertical axis wind turbines, rated power and rated wind speed, cut-in
wind speed, cut-out wind speed, self starting turbines, noise, life time, and maintenance. Through this guide, purchasers
can compare turbine models and determine which model is best for a specific situation.

WINEUR-Urban wind turbines: guidelines for small wind turbines in the built
environment
AUTHOR(S): Jadranka Cace et al., 2007, 41 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | NL
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Evaluation | Technologies/ Appliances
The purpose of this guidebook is to inform stakeholders about small wind turbines for the built environment. It
provides practical guidelines to actors dealing with the installation of small wind turbines in urban areas and provides
recommendations for future products and for market development. The objective of the guidebook is to determine the
feasibility of small wind turbines in built environments while identifying constraints and possible solutions. The costs,
benefits, and efficiency of urban wind turbines are discussed, and some case studies are included on how to implement
an urban wind turbine project. The information provided is both concrete and applicable for a financial and technical
analysis of what type of turbine is best for a given situation.

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Renewable Energy

Renewable Integration into Buildings


This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on the integration of renewable energy applications
in buildings. More tools and guidebooks can be found in the first level section on Renewable energy or by
using the advanced search to view a wider set of results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country
or language. If you are looking for tools and guidebooks on energy efficient or renewable energy heating
and cooling applications in residential or non residential buildings you will find a large quantity of additional
tools and guidebooks in the IEe-library on the theme of Local Energy Management.

...er enige om, at der er... god brugerøkonomi i solvarme ved udskiftning
af kedel eller beholder (=It is good economy to use solar energy when
replacing a boiler)
AUTHOR(S): Håndværksrådet et al., 2007, 6 p.
LANGUAGE: DA
TYPE OF TOOL: Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
K E Y W O R D S: Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
This is a guide for those installing solar power to buildings where the boiler is approaching the end of its life span. It
explains that the addition of solar panels would make the replacement of the boiler easier as well as potentially increasing
the life span of the current boiler. The guide provides information about costs, comparisons to other fuels and types of
solar panels. There is a detailed section assessing the feasibility of solar power.

A homebuilder’s guide to going solar


AUTHOR(S): US Department of Energy, 2004, 8 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Installers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Technologies/ Appliances
This guide is designed to help assess the benefits of installing solar equipment or making houses or businesses solar-
ready. The information comes from studies of builders who have successfully integrated solar technologies into their
operations, as well as from conversations with builders and solar professionals. The guide addresses issues including:
solar economics, other reasons to go solar, local support systems and available information. The aim is to educate
builders about solar power, both thermal and electric, with the goal of this leading to an increase in the use of solar energy
in buildings.

Architektonische Integration von Photovoltaik-Anlagen (=Architectual


integration of photovoltaic installations)
AUTHOR(S): Thomas Stark et al., 2005, 49 p.
LANGUAGE: DE
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National

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KEYWORDS: Buildings | Technologies/ Appliances


This guide aims to motivate architects and constructors to effectively integrate photovoltaic systems into the design of
buildings. With this intention, it presents first the subject of photovoltaic and architecture to the reader, then different
design types and possibilities. Chapters on architectural planning with photovoltaic systems, ways of integrating them
into the building’s surface as well as building legislation follow. Numerous photos and graphics support the key points.

Bergvärme (=Installation guide for rock heat pumps)


AUTHOR(S): Energirådgivarna SYDOST - Energy Agency for South East Sweden, 2006, 2 p.
LANGUAGE: SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
This is a short guide on how to install a heat pump using air located under rock surfaces. It describes the type of heat
sources for heat pumps before going into greater detail into the functioning of heat pumps using air under rock surfaces.
The guide looks into the affordability of this type of pumps as well as the effect required for a house to be heated. The
guide also includes a checklist of issues to be taken into consideration when buying a pump of this type.

Biomasa: edificios (=Biomass: buildings)


AUTHOR(S): Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía (IDAE), Ministerio de Industria,
Turismo y Comercio, 2007, 44 p.
LANGUAGE: ES
TYPE OF TOOL: Feasibility Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Citizens | Installers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Heating | Planning
These general guidelines for the implementation of biomass systems (mainly heating) in buildings cover: the legal
framework, the technologies available, the installation process, the types of biomass available, the permits needed and
the financial support available for the installation of biomass systems.

CLIMASOL - Guidelines for solar cooling feasibility studies & analysis of


feasibility studies
AUTHOR(S): CLIMASOL Consortium, 2005, 86 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Feasibility Model | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO)
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Cooling | Evaluation
These guidelines aim at providing the necessary guidance for the installation of a solar thermal system for cooling a
building, looking at climatic, building and occupation related factors. The goal of the guideline is to demonstrate how
to perform a feasibility study for a solar cooling system. The different chapters briefly give general notions to build a
structured feasibility study. The chapters goes through the size of the system, the thermal balance of the system, the
installation and working principles, system telemonitoring, economical balance, and the environmental advantages of the
system. Each solution given represents a technical solution to use solar thermal energy for building air-conditioning.

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Renewable Integration into Buildings


CLIMASOL - Solar air conditioning guide
AUTHOR(S): Marc Delorme et al., 2005, 32 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Cooling | Evaluation
This guide provides useful evaluation guidance on solar systems for cooling. First, this publication presents the main
passive or semi-active techniques for reducing summer cooling loads. Different technologies of solar assisted cooling
systems are then described: absorption, adsorption or desiccant systems. The document then showcases several case
studies and provides guidance on how to do a feasibility study then choose, design and implement a system.

EARTH - Key competencies for certified ground source heat pump installers
AUTHOR(S): EARTH Project Consortium, 2005, 11 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Behavioural Change measures | Planning | Training
The EARTH Project (Extend Accredited Renewables Training for Heating) aims to define a general set of knowledge,
skills and abilities required of practitioners who install and maintain renewable heating systems, to ensure safety, quality
and consumer acceptance. This particular guide is aimed at installers of heat pumps and provides a list of tasks which
they must be able to undertake to be classified as competent installers. Topics covered include: -Marketing; -Costs;
-Environmental issues; -Energy efficient buildings; - Heat pump principles, technical details and electrical basics; -Site
assessment, planning and installation; -Operation; -Performing a system check; -Consumer education and warranty; -
Maintenance; -Fault diagnostic, frequent mistakes and practical experiences. The document aims to be all-encompassing
with the intention that it could provide a starting point for the creation of a training course for installers of heat pumps;
courses in each country would however need to be adapted to reflect national variations.

EARTH - Training material for GSHP [ground source heat pump] courses
AUTHOR(S): EARTH Project consortium, 2005, 205 p.
LANGUAGE: EL
TYPE OF TOOL: Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Behavioural Change measures | Planning | Training
The EARTH Project (Extend Accredited Renewables Training for Heating) aims to define a general set of knowledge, skills
and abilities required of practitioners who install and maintain renewable heating systems, to ensure safety, quality and
consumer acceptance. This guide takes the form of a series of presentations to accompany training sessions on ground
source heat pumps (GSHP). It is relevant for trainers, public authorities and energy agencies looking to train installers in
the GSHP sector. The presenter will benefit hugely from previous knowledge of the subject, as the presentations are not
accompanied by an explanatory manual.

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Energie sparen durch Wärmepumpenanlagen (=Saving energy with heat


pump systems)
AUTHOR(S): Wirtschaftsministerium Baden-Württemberg (hrsg), 2005, 64 p.
LANGUAGE: DE
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Cooling | Heating
This guide aims to help architects, planners and installation services to achieve an environmentally friendly, cost efficient
and reliable heat pump system by correctly adjusting the different components such as the heat pump, heat source,
heating system, and control and hydraulic systems. It focuses mainly on the use of energy driven geothermal probes and
surrounding air/water-heat pumps in one- or multi-family houses, small offices and administrative buildings with heating
capacities lower that 20 kW combined with low-temperature heating systems.

Feasibility study, Enviro-Cores: Thermal storage integrated with heat pumps


AUTHOR(S): G. Eggen, 2003, 15 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Cooling | Heating
The “enviro-cores” concept is a thermal storage system integrated with a heat pump, which is connected to the ventilation
system of buildings. The heat pump and the enviro-core system are designed for both heating and cooling. This guide
describes the technology and the space required for such a system, and discusses the feasibility of the system.

GREEN LODGES - Administrative Barriers to RES & micro CHP in rural


lodges
AUTHOR(S): Green Lodges Project Consortium, 2006, 9 p.
LANGUAGE: EL | EN | ES | PT
TYPE OF TOOL: Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Electricity | Planning
The aim of the Green Lodges project is to promote and facilitate renewable heating and electricity applications in ‘green
lodges’ (small countryside hotels and spas, isolated mountain refuges, cottages, summer residences, small castles and
monasteries). This guide outlines the administrative, legal and financial barriers to the development of electricity and
heating from renewable energy sources (RES) and cogeneration (combined heat and power - CHP) in rural lodges. It
also proposes activities to promote renewable energies which are designed with the motive of avoiding or overcoming
the afore-mentioned barriers. Although this guide lacks specific details, it serves as a good overview to the possible
obstacles one may encounter during the development of RES and CHP. It is useful for those involved in policy making as
well as in the planning of RES and CHP projects.

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GREEN LODGES - Micro CHP [combined heat and power] systems:
state-of-the-art
AUTHOR(S): Günter Simader et al., 2006, 68 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Calculation Tool | Decision Support System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Heating | Planning
The aim of the Green Lodges project is to promote and facilitate renewable heating and electricity applications in ‘green
lodges’ (small countryside hotels and spas, isolated mountain refuges, cottages, summer residences, small castles and
monasteries). This particular report acts as a decision support system for organisations wishing to install a micro CHP
[combined heat and power] system. The focus of the analysis is micro CHP units up to an electrical output of 50 kW,
following the definition of the CHP directive. It provides information on state-of-the-art micro CHP technologies, including
the different conversion technologies, product characteristics and aspects of implementation (planning, selection and
integration into existing buildings). Barriers to further introduction of micro CHP are discussed, and some critical economic
success factors are identified from examination of existing projects. They advise on investment costs, calculation methods,
and parameter variations for final selection. Precise planning guidelines are given, including tables to be filled in during the
planning process. Lists of engine suppliers are included in an annex, with details of the electric power rating and fuel type
of each engine model. This is a practical tool to aid decision makers in the design and implementation of a micro CHP
system, with the objective of maximising suitability, and thereby maximising success.

GROUND-REACH-Inventory of EU legislation on ground coupled heat


pumps (GCHPs)
AUTHOR(S): Marco Spiccia ed. Roberto Olivieri, 2006, 81 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Suppliers | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Cooling | Heating
This report examines the current situation of the legislation and guidelines concerning geothermal heat pumps (or ground
coupled heat pumps – GCHPs) in the EU-27. The report focuses on ground source heat pumps (combined with storage
systems where appropriate) for heating and cooling of buildings. The report first goes through the legislation regarding
geothermal and heat pumps at the EU level and then at the individual Member State level. The report goes through each
individual country, describing geothermal sites and projects, the specific legislation and regulations, the impact and
purpose of the legislation, and other topics such as financial support and other issues.

GROUND-REACH-Market status for ground source heat pumps within


Europe
AUTHOR(S): Martin Forsén ed. et al., 2007, 29 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Industry | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
This report provides an introduction to ground source heat pumps and the related market forces, using examples of the

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market status in Sweden, Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. The report provides introductory information about ground
source heat pumps (GSHP) and the different types that are available. The report outlines the market status and potential
of GSHP with overall market statistics for Europe and then more specifically in the four countries mentioned. It also
includes a list of barriers to their use/uptake and the benefits and drawbacks of their use. The country examples include a
short analysis of the heat pump market, heat pump associations, and the training of installers in the respective countries.
With this, the report aims to expand the use of GSHP through the EU.

GROUND-REACH-The Ground-Reach model to determine the change of


environmental impact due to replacements of heating systems on the
European market
AUTHOR(S): Martin Forsén Peter Roots, 2007, 23 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Decision Support System | Evaluation System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions | Energy consumption | Technologies/ Appliances
This report explains the calculation methodology to estimate the potential for a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by
replacing conventional heating systems with heat pumps. The calculations may be used to present the overall results that
can be achieved; however that is not the aim of the report. The calculations also include the related environmental impact,
included primary energy savings, end-use energy savings, consumer cost savings and renewable energy provided by
ground source heat pumps. The second part of the report applies the methodology to available national energy statistics
in three different scenarios - medium, high, and full use of ground source heating. This application of the methodology
hopes to show public authorities the potential reduction in greenhouse gas emissions that can be achieved through the
use of heat pumps.

ICOSAW-Marketing brochure: Information for craftsmen and architects on


combined solar and wood power
AUTHOR(S): ICOSAW Consortium, 2006, 19 p.
LANGUAGE: DE | EN | PL | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Planning | Strategy Development
This marketing brochure provides craftsmen and architects with market information on the combination of solar and
wood energy in Germany and Poland. By providing this information to craftsmen and architects, the brochure hopes
to increase the use of the combination of solar and wood energy in buildings. The brochure first outlines the benefits
of this combination energy sources as an alternative to oil and gas. The brochure then explains the technology and the
implications that it will have in the future, providing reasons for its use, supported by data. The brochure ends by exploring
the pros and cons of this energy combination.

IEA HPP Annex 29 - ground source heat pumps - overcoming technical and
market barriers
AUTHOR(S): J. Stene, 2004, 45 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines

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Renewable Integration into Buildings


TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Cooling | Heating
This guide describes the state-of-the-art technology, geological data, costs and market opportunities and installation
examples for ground source heat pumps. It also includes several relatively detailed installation examples based on
building types. A newly established Norwegian website for ground-source heat pump systems is also presented (http://
www.energy.sintef.no/prosjekt/Annex29). The guide is part of the Annex 29 Programme, which is organised under the
umbrella of the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the IEA Heat Pump Programme (HPP).

INFOSOLAR - Možnosti využívania slnečnej energie (=Options for the


application of solar energy in buildings)
AUTHOR(S): I. Iliaš et al., 2006, 73 p.
LANGUAGE: SK
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Citizens | Developers
FUNDING: EU Phare
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Evaluation | Technologies/ Appliances
The guidebook is aimed at energy experts and consultants but also at the general public interested in solar thermal
applications, in particular in the housing and services sectors, in Slovakia. The guidebook provides the necessary
information for the evaluation of options for use of solar energy in buildings. In its first part, the guidebook provides
background information to solar energy, an evaluation of benefits and costs of using solar energy, a description of basic
components, criteria and key recommendations for the design of solar thermal systems, as well as an evaluation of
barriers, climate conditions for solar thermal utilisation in Slovakia and a basic overview of the possibilities of support
and financing of solar thermal applications. In the second part, detailed technical guidance on solar thermal systems
applications is given, in particular on: (1) Solar thermal system for water heating in a family house; (2) Solar thermal system
for water and space heating in a family house; (3) Solar thermal system for water heating of an outdoor swimming pool;
(4) Solar thermal system for water, space and swimming pool heating in a family house; (5) Solar thermal system for water
heating in a multi-family house. The final part of the guidebook contains responses to frequently asked questions and
provides contacts details of solar thermal systems’ suppliers in Slovakia.

INVERT-Software to simulate the effects of different promotion schemes and


different scenarios on the feasibility of renewable energy schemes
AUTHOR(S): Michael Stadler et al., 2006, 100 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Financial Operators | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Buildings | CO2 emissions | Planning
Invert is a free and comprehensive simulation tool to evaluate the effects of different promotion schemes for Renewable Energy
Sources (RES), which involve: analysing energy policies and related public costs, (e.g. from subsidies, tax incentives, CO2-tax,
feed-in-tariffs, soft loans); amounts of RES and RUE (rational use of energy) application (e.g. from biomass technologies, wind
power, solar energy, building refurbishment); and investigating greenhouse gas emissions and energy demand. Simulations
can be carried out for building-related sectors (heating, domestic hot water, cooling), electricity (including CHP) and biofuels
for transport applications. This tool allows flexibility regarding the input of individual region specific data, such as costs,
description of the building stock or climate data. The user may also modify model specific definitions such as simulation time
frame, interest rates and technology data in a flexible way. When starting the programme for the first time, after the setup
the user will be faced with a registration tool. By sending the filled in e-mail form the user will receive a free registration code
enabling the program to run. An instruction manual on how to use this tool is also provided.

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Kritéria pro systémové plánování obnovitelných energetických zdrojů


(=Criteria for system planning of utilisation of RES)
AUTHOR(S): J. Beranovský, 2001, 88 p.
LANGUAGE: CS
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Planning | Resource assessment | Strategy Development
This guidebook follows up and elaborates in detail the previously released publication “Methodologies for evaluation
of suitability and potential of RES for the purposes of energy balances, energy statistics and regional energy planning”.
The guidebook allows the audience to develop regional energy plans by use of improved and further developed multi-
criteria methodology and considering potentials and possibilities of utilisation of RES. The purpose of this publication is
the design and selection of suitable criteria and parameters for definition of energy planning variants/scenarios as well
as multi-criteria methodology for evaluation of variants/scenarios within the regional energy planning process. In the
introductory part, the current system for regional energy planning is described as well as commonly used terminology
related to regional energy planning, regional energy balances and statistics. The main part of the guidebook focuses
on design and selection of suitable criteria and parameters for evaluation of energy efficiency and utilisation of RES
in the region, as to elaborate on regional energy balances and statistics. Design of the methodology for two common
tasks within the regional energy planning process is elaborated in detail using methods of multi-criteria evaluation and
decision making: (1) Analysis of availability and potential utilisation of RES; (2) Coverage of energy demand of individual
sub-regions. Furthermore, process of formulation of municipal and regional energy plans and basic principles of optimal
energy efficient development of municipality and region, basic principles for new development and reconstruction of
existing buildings, utilisation of RES and way to maximal energy self-sufficiency are elaborated and described.

Low exergy systems for heating and cooling of buildings


AUTHOR(S): Mia Ala-Juusela ed. et al., 2003, 292 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Installers
FUNDING: Private
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Energy consumption | Heating
This guidebook is intended for architects and engineers who are designing heating and cooling systems for buildings.
Some background information is offered for builders, building maintenance managers, political decision makers and the
general public. A database of low energy components is available with guidelines for selecting products. Examples of
system concepts for different buildings and climates are presented as well as a set of tools for analysis. The guidebook
aims to help consultants and architects with their search for energy efficient heating and cooling systems that can provide
the occupants with a comfortable, clean and healthy environment. The guidebook applies Exergy analysis to the human
body to find optimal thermal conditions. This is a web-based tool, but is also available in pdf.

Luft/vattenvärmepump (=Air/water heat pump)


AUTHOR(S): Energirådgivarna SYDOST - Energy Agency for South East Sweden, 2006, 2 p.
LANGUAGE: SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

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This is a short guide on how to install an air/water heat pump. It describes the type of heat pumps that exist before going
into greater detail into the functioning of air/water heat pumps. The guide looks into the affordability of this type of pumps
as well as the type of pump required based on the effect need of the house. The guide also includes a checklist of issues
to be taken into consideration when buying a pump of this type.

Luft-luftvärmepump (=Installation guide for heat pumps (air-air))


AUTHOR(S): Energirådgivarna SYDOST - Energy Agency for South East Sweden, 2005, 2 p.
LANGUAGE: SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
This is a short guide on how to install an air/air heat pump. It describes the type of heat pumps that exist before going
into greater detail into the functioning of air/air heat pumps. The guide looks into the affordability of this type of pumps
as well as the effect required for a house based on W/m2. The guide also includes a checklist of issues to be taken into
consideration when buying a pump of this type.

Maalämpöpumpu (=Heat pump guide)


AUTHOR(S): SULPU, 4 p.
LANGUAGE: FI
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Installers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: Private
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
This guide provides information on different types of heat pumps, how they work and the time period required for the initial
investment in heat pumps to be recouped (payback period). The guide describes the different sources of heat for heat
pumps, including the available heat energy for these.

Metody hodnocení vhodnosti a výtěžnosti OZE po účely energetických


bilancí a energetické stastiky a pro účely regionálního územního pánování
a energetických generelů (=Methodologies for evaluation of suitability and
potential of RES for the purposes of energy balances, energy statistics and
regional energy planning)
AUTHOR(S): J. Beranovský et al., 2000, 132 p.
LANGUAGE: CS
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Energy consumption | Heating | Planning | Resource assessment | Strategy
Development
The purpose of the guidebook is a detailed elaboration on methodologies for evaluation of suitability and potential of
RES for the purposes of elaboration of local or regional energy balances, energy statistics and for the use in local and
regional energy planning. The aim is to present a complex methodology of evaluation for individual types of RES at
various levels of detail and for various purposes. The guidebook is targeted at local and regional administration, planners,

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energy experts and consultants. The publication includes: Definition of potentials of RES; Evaluation of national and EU
legislative and policy context;Characterization and evaluation of individual types of RES;Description of methodologies of
evaluation of suitability and potential of RES by individual types of RES and in various level of detail including practical
examples;Basic principles of local and regional energy planning and energy management including utilisation of RES. The
guidebook allows the audience to develop local or regional energy plans using consistent methodology and considering
potentials and possibilities of utilisation of RES.

Miljøvennlig energiog arealbruk i sykehjem og omsorgsboliger


(=Environmentally Friendly Energy in Hospitals and Care Homes)
AUTHOR(S): Karin Høyland et al., 2001, 36 p.
LANGUAGE: NO
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Energy consumption | Planning
This is a guide on how to integrate energy saving measures and renewable energy when building new hospitals and care
homes or when renovating existing buildings of this type. Measures include the introduction of solar power, improved
access to daylight, appropriate ventilation and the selection of the land area and location of the building. The guide is
intended for the building sector but is also of use for public authorities to support the planning of more environmentally
friendly buildings.

Odnawialne źródła energii. Efektywne wykorzystanie w budynkach.


Finansowanie przedsięwzięć (=Handbook on renewable energy sources:
effective use in buildings and financing the measures)
AUTHOR(S): Slawomir Pasierb et al., 2006, 89 p.
LANGUAGE: PL
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Phare
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
This handbook is addressed to public authorities, energy managers and citizens owning or managing buildings of different
types (public, multifamily, single-family), who are trying to modernise or construct the energy source of building using
Renewable Energy Sources (RES). As the information provided is not very complicated it can be also used by teachers,
trainers or even pupils or students. The handbook describes the process of implementing RES in buildings in the following
steps: 1. Assessment of energy demand for heat and hot water preparation; 2. Identification of financing sources available
for implementation of RES in buildings; 3. Economic assessment of investment measures according to requirements; 4.
Selection of technical solutions suitable for the type of building and its consumption. A special chapter touches on the
issue of solar energy used for electricity generation. Depending on the educational level of reader, the handbook can be
used to raise awareness of the benefits of RES, for the adjustment of available technical solutions to the given building
and for preparation of a comprehensive feasibility study and business plan for installation of the selected RES.

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PERSEUS: guide des installations photovoltaïques raccordées au réseau
électrique, destiné aux particuliers. Edition 2007. Comment peut-on produire
son électricité avec le soleil? (= Guide for PV installations connected to the
grid. How to produce electricity with the sun?)
AUTHOR(S): Rhônalpénergie–Environnement ADEME / HESPUL / Région Rhône Alpes / Commission
Européenne ed., 2007, 50 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Feasibility Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Citizens | Installers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Electricity | Planning
This brochure was prepared for householders who would like to install a photovoltaic (PV) system on their building. It
brings simple yet precise answers to technical issues and questions: basic principles for a solar roof, specifics necessary
for designing a project. The third part of the brochure is a step-by-step guide on designing a project, avoiding the
usual mistakes and problems and the fourth brings complementary non-technical information related to law, financing,
contracting, for example. The brochure also provides examples and interviews with current users. Practical tools such as
a checklist and examples of how to calculate PV potential are provided.

PURE-Summary of photovoltaics (PV) best practices in the urban


environment at European level
AUTHOR(S): ROBOTIKER, 2006, 35 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Installers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
This document acts as guidelines for architects, building developers and technicians, demonstrating the great number of
possibilities for the integration of photovoltaic (PV) elements into buildings. It gathers together many proposed technical
solutions, illustrated with examples. The main objective is to demonstrate that there is more than one possibility to
integrate PV into buildings. The document addresses elements such as glass windows, skylights, balconies and other
architectural features and shows how they can also act as PV electricity producers.

PURE-Technical and economic solutions for integration of photovoltaics


(PV) into buildings
AUTHOR(S): Scheuten Solar (SST), 2007, 31 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
This document provides an overview of different photovoltaic (PV) modules and how to integrate them into buildings.
It also includes information on profitability, economic aspects and best practice examples. The document presents the
two different types of modules (laminate and glass) and their production. It then explains different ways of integrating
the module into the roof or façade, and as a sun screening component. Next, the document shows how to integrate the
modules in the most efficient way to achieve maximum energy output based on inclination, radiation and climatic aspects.

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The document also addresses economic aspects, which includes a comparison of different materials for designing a
façade. Finally it provides examples of projects that have integrated PV modules into buildings.

REHES - Renewable energy for heat supply for dwellings with individual and
local heating systems. Optimal technologies report
AUTHOR(S): 2006, 85 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Suppliers | Installers
FUNDING: EU RTD 2002-2006
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances
This guidebook describes solar water heating systems and biomass heating systems. The guidebook is descriptive and
illustrated, easy-to-ready by non-experts or by energy professionals without a significant background in renewable energy
sources. For each energy source, the guidebook is organized in sections describing the energy production technologies,
processess of energy production and costs, and it is illustrated by best practice examples. The biomass section includes
information on biomass types and standards, and transport and storage of the raw materials. The solar water heating
section includes an analysis of the markets and marketing issues for solar-based technologies.

RENEASE - Good practice guide for developers of sustainable social


housing
AUTHOR(S): RENEASE Consortium, 2002, 22 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Energy consumption | Planning
This is a short guide for developers on energy efficiency and renewable energy installation in new buildings. The document
outlines basic concepts such as what sustainability is and explains the fundamentals of low energy design. It looks into
building components and materials’ use and introduces renewable energy sources. It also examines the project in the
context of the community in which the development would be situated. By promoting site planning, this document hopes
to help reduce electricity consumption and lead to greater sustainability.

RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Ground-


Source Heat Pump Project
AUTHOR(S): Natural Resources Canada, 2004
LANGUAGE: BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Energy consumption | Evaluation | Planning
The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software: Ground-Source Heat Pump Project is a decision support tool
developed to evaluate the energy production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for
ground-source heat pump projects. The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation
platform for the various stakeholders involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility
studies, disseminate knowledge to help people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical

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and financial viability of possible projects. The software includes product, project, hydrology and climate databases, a
detailed online user manual, and a case study based college/university-level training course, including an engineering
e-textbook. RETScreen can be used for feasibility studies; project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis;
information dissemination; training; sales of products and/or services; project development & management; and product
development/R&D. This tool is provided in 30 different languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used.
Provided here are the general tool that can be utilised for analysis as well as a tool specific to ground-source heat pump
projects. The individual tool is technology-specific, providing an energy model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions
analysis, and a financial summary.

Sektorová příručka - obnovitelné zdroje energie (=Sectoral guidebook -


Renewable energy sources)
AUTHOR(S): J. Jakubes et al., 2006
LANGUAGE: CS
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Industry | SMEs
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Energy consumption | Financing | Technologies/ Appliances
This guidebook was developed by the Economic Chamber of the Czech Republic within its InMP (Information Points for
Entrepreneurs) project. The guidebook, which is available in printed and electronic format, is primarily aimed at energy
managers and other representatives of SMEs or the service sector. It is focused on various topics related to utilisation
of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) and provides information about potentials, technical options, economic feasibility
and possibilities of financing. The topics covered include: (1) Basic overview of RES, their advantages and motivation of
entrepreneurs for their utilisation; (2) Detailed overview of potentials and possibilities of utilisation of various types of RES
in the climatic and geographical conditions of the Czech Republic; (3) Overview of policy and legislation related to RES
utilisation; (4) Evaluation of economic feasibility of investments RES technologies; (5) Possibilities of commercial financing
of investments into RES; (6) Support to RES utilisation in the Czech Republic. The guidebook provides basic information
as well as contacts and links necessary for identification and evaluation of renewable energy utilisation projects in industry
or service sectors.

SENTRO - Inventory of building practice, barriers and solutions for market


Introduction of alternative energy systerms in new buildings
AUTHOR(S): Klaus Hansen et al., 2007, 69 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Feasibility Model | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO)
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Evaluation | Planning
These guidelines are aimed at public authorities and energy agencies and address the inclusion of feasibility studies
for alternative energy systems (AES) in the standard new building development process. The guidelines are one of
the outcomes of the Sustainable Energy in New building-market inTROduction of feasibility studies (SENTRO) and is
motivated by the need for feasibility studies as outlined by the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD). This
inventory report gives an overview of the findings concerning possible barriers and solutions for the implementation of
AES in seven European countries: Denmark, France, Lithuania, Poland, Slovenia, Sweden and the Netherlands. The
focus is on the building process, and on technical, financial and organisational conditions for successful implementation
of alternative energy systems in new buildings. It covers the following areas: potential AES; the building process and the
actors involved; the drivers and barriers; and the recommendations for feasibility studies and to do so from an informed
stand point.

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Solceller (=Solar panels)


AUTHOR(S): Solar Energy Centre Denmark, 2004, 16 p.
LANGUAGE: DA
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Installers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances
This guide describes different types of solar panels and their integration into buildings. The design guide section includes
a tool to calculate the energy that is produced from different solar panels based on the system in use and the location of
the house in question.

Solvarme - den manglende brik I Danmarks energipolitiske puslespil (=Solar


power - the missing piece in the Danish energy policy jigsaw)
AUTHOR(S): Dansk Solvarme Forening, 2005, 6 p.
LANGUAGE: DA
TYPE OF TOOL: Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances
This guide presents the benefits of installing solar power in buildings, compared to other energy solutions. There is a
rather general section on integration of solar panels into buildings and their feasibility, with only rough estimates on costs.
The guide also describes the use of solar power as part of architecture.

Studiu de soluţii privind electrificarea rurală din surse regenerabile de


energie în contextul dezvoltării durabile. Programul 100 de gospodării
electrificate prin utilizarea SRE în România (=Study and report about
renewable sources technologies available for the electrification of rural
areas in Romania)
AUTHOR(S): Ioan Turcu (coordination) et al., 2008, 22 p.
LANGUAGE: RO
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Energy consumption | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
This guidebook is a ‘vademecum’ of available technologies applicable for the electrification of remote rural area is useful for
citizens and planners. The aim of the guidebook is to support the preliminary selection of technologies and related power
network typologies, documented by basic scientific data and easy-to-follow case-studies. The guidebook describes 3
blue prints of rural household electrification alternatives. Simple descriptions of applications that produce electricity from
solar, wind and micro-hydro sources are included. Topology of energy networks based on these renewable sources is
outlined. 5 case-studies of various energy-production types from renewable sources are summarized, photos included.
The guidebook may support efforts of individuals or energy managers of small communities in designing appropriate
renewable energy systems, on a small scale.

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TAREB - Low energy architecture training course
AUTHOR(S): The Low Energy Architecture Research Unit (LEARN) of London Metropolitan University,
2004, 163 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | ES | FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines | Tips | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Planners/Builders | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Energy consumption
This manual provides information about the integration of renewable energy and other tools available to reduce energy
consumption for buildings and the area surrounding buildings. This document gives a brief overview of the passive
measures, and moves on to address what auxiliary heating and cooling systems are needed, addressing the main issues
of the type of system best suited for the building, the ideal size (power) for the system, and what kind of energy sources
and energy efficiency measures are possible to reduce overall costs and primary energy needs. The five chapters are
entitled as follows: 1) Integration with building services, 2) Integration in buildings, 3) Energy assessment, 4) Energy in
urban environment, 5) Environmental issues. All chapters are available in English, French and Spanish. They are available
here as .zip files: one file per country that contains its five chapter files.

Temahefte - varmepumper i boliger (=Heat Pumps in Buildings)


AUTHOR(S): J. Stene M. Brånås, 2004, 40 p.
LANGUAGE: NO
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Citizens | Energy Managers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Cooling | Heating
This is a guide on how to install heat pumps in new and existing buildings. The guide is aimed at architects, energy
managers and house owners. It describes heat sources, different types of heat pumps, system solutions and their
feasibility. The report addresses in detail all the stages required for the installation of a heat pump.

Varmepumper – vær sikker på, at du køber et kvalitetsprodukt, der passer til


netop dit hus (=Heat pumps - be sure to buy a quality product that suits your
house)
AUTHOR(S): Claus S. Poulsen, 2007, 3 p.
LANGUAGE: DA
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Citizens | Installers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
This guide presents issues to take into consideration when buying a heat pump for a home. The issues covered include:
certificates, efficiency, energy requirements, warranty, service, availability of spare parts and the type of heat pump
tubing. The guide is intended for anyone who is planning to install a heat pump. The guide includes links to relevant
Danish websites for further information.

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WasteWaterHeat - A continuously renewed heat source in urban areas!


AUTHOR(S): Waste Water Heat Consortium, 2007, 18 p.
LANGUAGE: DE | EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Cooling | Heating
This guide takes the form of slides from a presentation, intended for energy agencies, ESCOs, planners and builders.
It aims to stimulate the market for wastewater heat pumps, initiate pilot projects and disseminate information about
the technology. It briefly covers: Reasons for using wastewater heat pumps; Wastewater heat potential; The market for
wastewater heat; Use options; Target groups and key actors. Also included are examples from Germany, Sweden and
Austria, taken from WasteWaterHeat’s best practice catalogue. This guide serves as a basic introduction to a lesser
known technology, providing readers with an avenue to explore if they believe wastewater heat to be a viable heating/
cooling option for their organisation.

WasteWaterHeat - Best practices catalogue


AUTHOR(S): Waste Water Heat Consortium, 2007, 30 p.
LANGUAGE: DE | EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Cooling | Heating
This guidebook presents examples of best practice in the use of wastewater heat. It is aimed at ESCOs, planners and
builders, and technology suppliers. It includes: An introduction to the concept of wastewater heat; A summary of market
analyses from Germany, Austria, Norway and Sweden; Best practice examples for heat pumps; Best practice examples
for heat exchangers; Success factors; Examples of successful heat pump implementation from Austria, Sweden,
Switzerland, Germany and Norway; Examples of successful heat exchanger implementation from Austria and Sweden.
Although the English language translation of this document is not perfect, it is still a useful guide to wastewater heat
technologies; the examples of best practice provide the reader with valuable guidance for successfully implementing
unfamiliar technologies.

WasteWaterHeat - Market Analysis - Summary of the national market


analysis
AUTHOR(S): Berliner Energieagentur GmbH, 2007, 23 p.
LANGUAGE: DE | EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Cooling | Heating
This guide presents a market analysis of several countries’ approaches to using wastewater heat. The guide is intended
for energy agencies, ESCOs, planners and builders. It provides a general summary for: Water consumption; Heat supply
by heat pumps; Heat demand. National summaries for Germany, Norway, Sweden and Austria address: The heat market;
Wastewater heat potential; Administrative, political and legal frameworks. A technical overview provides diagrams,
charts and other information on: Heat pumps; Heat exchangers. This is a fairly detailed examination of a lesser known
technology, enabling readers to better understand the market for wastewater heat and make informed choices if they
wish to pursue the technology in their country.

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WasteWaterHeat - Technology catalogue
AUTHOR(S): Sabine Piller et al., 2006, 21 p.
LANGUAGE: DE | EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Planners/Builders | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Cooling | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
This guidebook documents the existing technologies available for the utilisation of wastewater heat. It is aimed at ESCOs,
planners and builders, and technology suppliers. The catalogue presents technological information about different
types of heat pumps and heat exchanger systems, including the following details: Functionality; Technical description
and maintenance; Power, load, energy quantity and efficiency; Operational requirements; Financial data, for example
investment costs and operational costs in /kW; Manufacturer information; An illustration of the technology, either a
photograph or a diagram; Examples of implementation – case studies on Germany, Switzerland, Austria and Sweden.
This is a detailed guide to wastewater heat technology that enables interested parties to gain a more practical knowledge
of the options available to them. The pictorial representations enhance understanding of the physical workings of the
technology.

XENIOS - Development of an audit tool for hotel buildings and the promotion
of RUE and RES
AUTHOR(S): XENIOS Consortium, 2003, 81 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Energy Audit Model
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Energy Managers
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Energy consumption | Evaluation
This is a computer multimedia tool for carrying out a building audit and diagnosis, primarily for hotels. Through this
tool, stakeholders like hoteliers, technical managers, engineers and architects interested in refurbishing and upgrading
a hotel will have the necessary tools for a first assessment of where and how to integrate the most cost-effective energy
efficient renovation practices and renewable energy technologies and systems. The tool assists the user to complete a
preliminary audit and analysis by assessing different retrofit scenarios for the building’s construction, electromechanical
installations, energy performance and indoor environment. Within 2-3 days it helps to identify the current condition of the
hotel and perform a first assessment of different refurbishment strategies making use of RUE and RES. The XENIOS tool
is based on existing European methodologies for apartment (EPIQR www.estia.ch) and office (TOBUS http://tobus.cstb.
fr) buildings developed in previous European research projects. Included here is the executable file of the tool and the
guidance document instructing the user how to use the tool accordingly.

Ενσωμάτωση Τεχνολογιών ΑΠΕ & ΕΞΕ στον Οικιακό Τομέα (=Basic


guidelines for the integration of renewable energy and energy saving
technologies in domestic buildings)
AUTHOR(S): Hellenic Center of renewable energy sources (CRES), 2006, 16 p.
LANGUAGE: EL
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Citizens | Energy Managers
FUNDING: EU Structural funds
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Energy consumption | Technologies/ Appliances

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This tool provides basic guidelines for the integration of renewable energy and energy saving technologies in buildings.
It targets interested parties such as architects, citizens and energy managers, and aims to raise their awareness
on the integration of renewable energy and energy saving technologies into buildings. The main topics covered are
renewable energy and energy saving practices and equipment. The tool consists of a 16-page pdf file which provides a
unique approach combining energy saving measures and renewable energy appliances to reduce energy consumption
and improve energy efficiency in the buildings sector. More particularly, the tool contains information on the energy
consumption and bioclimatic design of buildings as well as on European legislation and guidelines. Appropriate saving
energy and renewable energy technologies are examined separately in this tool. All useful technical details (related to
pipelines, security bulbs and so on) are included. This detailed analysis, presented in a very comprehensive and eloquent
way, is the main strength of the tool.

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Renewable Energy

Small Hydro
This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on small-scale hydro-electric applications. More tools
and guidebooks can be found in the first level section on Renewable energy or by using the advanced
search language.

Checklist on eligibility criteria for small hydro power projects in Bulgaria


AUTHOR(S): Bulgarian Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Credit Line, 2006, 1 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Planning Tool
TARGET PUBLIC: Developers | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: International Organisations
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Planning | Quality schemes
Small Hydro Power projects applying for financing under the Bulgarian Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Credit
Line (BEERECL) are subject to the Hydro Environmental Procedure. The procedure includes five stages, the first one
being the eligibility criteria check. This is done by using the checklist here provided which includes a set of 9 eligibility
criteria, here listed and explained. The table contains three columns titled: “eligibility criteria”, “descriptor” and “evidence”.
The criteria presented are the following: regulatory compliance, water flow, water quality, fish passage and protection,
watershed protection, threatened and endangered species protection, recreation, cultural issues and community issues.
The information in the “descriptor” column provides a short explanation, usually in bullets, of the respective criteria. The
information in the “evidence” column is about the necessary documents, certificates, or measures to be taken in order to
prove the criterion has been met. The checklist is part of the first step of the selection procedure, provides a quick check
for possible negative environmental and social impacts of a planned hydropower installation and gives directions on how
these negative impacts should be avoided.

CLEAN-E - Development of ecological standards for hydropower


AUTHOR(S): Jochen Markard Stefan Vollenweider Eawag, 2005, 39 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool
TARGET PUBLIC: Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Quality schemes
The Clean Energy Network for Europe (CLEAN-E) project is concerned with the design and implementation of green
energy labels. This guide aims to facilitate the transfer of the Swiss ‘greenhydro’ standard to green electricity labelling
schemes in other countries by presenting the scientific knowledge and practical experiences of hydropower assessment
in Switzerland. It is intended for energy agencies, labelling organisations and public authorities concerned with policy
making. The guide consists of three parts: A summary of the Swiss experience developing the ‘greenhydro’ standard,
including lessons learned; The assessment and certification procedures, including adaptable recommendations for
context-dependent decisions; and a roadmap offering practical advice on the expansion of the greenhydro standard
to organisations intending to establish hydropower certification in their country. The practical nature of the final section
makes this guidebook essential reading for policy makers and labelling organisations in countries where hydropower is
prominent, enabling them to exploit the renewable energy source whilst preserving the key ecological functions of aquatic
systems. The use of such a comprehensive case study throughout the guide exemplifies well the underlying methodology;
as a result, this is a valuable, realistic aid.

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Guide d’accompagnement vers la certification ISO 14001 pour les


producteurs d’hydroélectricité en Midi-Pyrénées (= Guidelines for the
implementation of ISO 14001 standard by hydroelectricity producers in
Mid-Pyrenees)
AUTHOR(S): ADEME/ARPE ed. Guide d accompagnement vers la certification ISO 14001 pour les
producteurs d hydroélectricité en Midi-Pyrénées, 2005, 61 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Monitoring | Quality schemes
This methodological guidebook is based on the experience of autonomous hydro-electricity producers. It aims to assess
the transferability of the ISO 14001 certification to the hydropower sector (preparation and monitoring). The core part
of the guidebook is devoted to a step by step guide of tools and methods to implement an environmental management
system in the sector.

Guide on how to develop a small hydropower plant


AUTHOR(S): Celso Penche European Small Hydropower Association - ESHA, 2004, 296 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | ES | IT
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Industry | Installers
FUNDING: Private
KEYWORDS: Planning | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
This guide provides potential developers of small hydropower plants with comprehensive information and advice on all
necessary procedures for developing a site. It includes the key steps to be followed in order to run a plant. These steps
cover hydraulic engineering, evaluation of water supply, design and site evaluation, civil works and hydraulic structures,
electromechanical equipment, environmental impact evaluation, investment and financial issues, and administrative
procedures. The guide will give the potential small hydropower developer a better understanding of the different issues,
phases and procedures that need be followed to develop and run a small hydropower operation. This guide is divided into
nine chapters and covers the basic concepts, meaning of definitions and technological issues. It is available in English,
German, French, Spanish, Italian and Swedish as a CD-ROM. A copy of the CD-ROM can be requested via the email
address on ESHA’s website. The original “Layman’s Guidebook on how to develop a small hydro site” published in 1998
is available here in Spanish and Italian.

Guidelines for micro hydropower development


AUTHOR(S): SPLASH Consortium, 2005, 48 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Planning | Resource assessment
This guide to Micro Hydropower Projects (MHPP), developed in the framework of the SPLASH project, is designed to
present the main concepts and stages in MHPP development in a comprehensive form and simple language. It provides
updates on recent developments in technology and relevant procedures. The text underlines the most frequent difficulties
experienced in the development of small and micro hydropower projects, and the methodology described is intended to

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Small Hydro
help developers avoid or overcome these difficulties. The guide helps to prepare pilot spatial and policy plans for small
hydro projects. This tool looks at hydropower in Europe in general, but also gives introductory information about all the
countries. It outlines the innovations in micro hydropower, the technical issues and environmental issues, and provides
an economic analysis for hydropower. The aim is to promote better evaluation prior to the execution of a MHPP project,
helping to decrease the risks and costs of small hydropower development.

Integrated method for power analysis (IMP 5.0)


AUTHOR(S): Natural Resources Canada, 2004, 95 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Installers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Planning | Strategy Development
The Integrated method for power analysis (IMP 5.0) is a calculation tool for evaluating small-scale hydroelectric power
sites. By utilising IMP (combined with the relevant meteorological and topographical data), in approximately one day of
in-house study, an experienced user can evaluate all aspects of an ungauged hydro site. This includes a power study,
development of a flood frequency curve and fish habitat analysis. Included in this software are different models that can
be utilised for the site: a Flood Frequency Analysis Model that uses topographic information specific to the site to generate
the flood frequency curve; a Watershed Model that will generate a continuous hourly or daily time series of streamflow
for an ungauged site based on daily precipitation, maximum and minimum temperature and a description of the basin;
a Hydroelectric Power Simulation Model that determines the daily energy output for a run-of-river or reservoir storage
site based on selected generation facilities and the hydrologic daily time series generated by the Watershed Model; an
optimisation routine performs a sensitivity analysis on the results of a simulation and provides an estimate of the optimal
installed capacity from economic data; a Fish Habitat Analysis Model helps to determine the weighted usable area (WUA,
the area available in a stream for fish to inhabit) of one or more types of fish in a particular stream cross-section at a
particular flow. Instructions are available for this tool.

RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Small


hydro project
AUTHOR(S): Natural Resources Canada, 2004
LANGUAGE: BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Energy consumption | Evaluation | Planning
The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software: Small hydro project is a decision support tool developed to
evaluate the energy production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for Small hydro projects.
The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation platform for the various stakeholders
involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility studies, disseminate knowledge to help
people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical and financial viability of possible projects.
The software includes product, project, hydrology and climate databases, a detailed online user manual, and a case
study based college/university-level training course, including an engineering e-textbook. RETScreen can be used for
feasibility studies; project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis; information dissemination; training; sales
of products and/or services; project development & management; and product development/R&D. This tool is provided in
30 different languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used. Provided here are the general tool that can be
utilised for analysis as well as a tool specific to Small hydro projects. The individual tool is technology-specific, providing
an energy model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions analysis, and a financial summary.

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SHERPA - Hydopower and environment: technical and operational


procedures to better integrate small hydropower plants in the environment
AUTHOR(S): Sara Gollessi et al., 2006, 23 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
The objective of the SHERPA project was to develop a promotional campaign for small hydropower (SHP) addressing the
challenges and barriers to dissemination of the technology in Europe. This particular report describes ‘a new concept of
hydropower design’ which takes a more environmentally-friendly and ecosystem-friendly approach than the traditional
one. Illustrated with case studies, it is intended to help promote consistency in decision-making and ultimately to
increase renewable energy use. Topics discussed include: - Low impact hydro planning, including multipurpose schemes,
restoration of ancient water mills, upgrading and repowering existing SHP installations; - Mitigation measures, including
reserved flow, aesthetic improvements, noise reduction, fish passes and fish-friendly turbines; Additional benefits,
including trash rack material management, integration of other environmental purposes and hydraulic-forest arrangement.
It concludes by emphasising the importance of good planning and management, and provides broad recommendations
on a territorial approach, stakeholder involvement, monitoring, cost and efficiency. This is a well-presented guide which
provides valuable advice on achieving the careful balance of environmental sensitivity when establishing, or revitalising,
SHP installations.

SHERPA - Small hydropower


AUTHOR(S): ESHA SHERPA Project Consortium, 2006, 4 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Electricity | Planning
The objective of the SHERPA project is to develop a promotional campaign for small hydropower (SHP) addressing the
challenges and barriers to dissemination of the technology in Europe. This set of three fact sheets aims to promote SHP
by eliminating myths and providing clear factual details about the technology. They may be of interest to policy makers
both as a decision making support and a resource for promoting SHP effectively to the public. The Technology fact
sheet presents the different types of turbines and generators, explains how the electricity is distributed, and discusses
costs and revenues. The Sector fact sheet describes the shape of the SHP industry, and discusses different types of
engineering involved: civil, hydro-mechanical, electrical and environmental. The Environmental fact sheet puts forward
the case for SHP as an important renewable energy technology, explains potential environmental impacts, and discusses
the role of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) tool in minimising environmental damage when selecting a site for
a SHP installation. These documents aim to raise the profile of SHP and free it from the common negative perceptions
which bar its success, and which often arise from a lack of knowledge or misunderstandings.

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Renewable Energy

Solar
This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on small-scale solar applications such as domestic
solar thermal heating and cooling and photovoltaic electricity production. More tools and guidebooks can
be found in the first level section on Renewable energy or by using the advanced search to view a wider
set of results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country or language.

A guide to photovoltaic system design and installation


AUTHOR(S): Endecon Engineering and Regional Economic Research, Inc., 2001, 40 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
K E Y W O R D S: Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
This guide goes through the process of designing and installing a Photo-Voltaic (PV) System. It outlines simple principles
and steps to follow, then goes into more depth on the design and installation of the system. In the system design section,
the guide lays out options related to connection to the grid, and to mounting of the system. After this, the guide helps to
calculate the estimated system output, related costs from labour and energy and cost savings from the system. The guide
then explains what to look for in a supplier and system as well as the documentation and monitoring of the project. In the
system installation section, the guide makes general recommendations, and more specific recommendations related to
materials, equipment and installation methods. The guide then outlines the process of installation and breaks the project
down into phases. At the end of the guide is an installation checklist.

Architecture et énergie solaire thermique. Pour une intégration réussie des


capteurs (= Architecture and solar heating; how to succeed in integrating
collectors)
AUTHOR(S): ADEME/ARPE ed., 2006, 16 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
K E Y W O R D S: Heating | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
This document targets architects, installers, designers, etc. It provides them with concrete information and guidelines
to integrate solar panels into existing or new building, taking the landscape into account. The main chapters deal with:
processing of the project, actual regulations in France (land-use planning, landscape protection, building authorisation...),
principles for architectural integration of solar panels; advice for each specific type of roof; glossary and useful contacts
by region.

BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on PV systems for electricity generation


and building integration
AUTHOR(S): GFE Energy Management SRL Escola Superior de Tecnologia de Setubal, 2002
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Industry | Trainers/ Teachers

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FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe


KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Training
This is a set of training materials that provides information on photovoltaic systems for electricity generation and building
integration. It is an e-learning module directed to professionals and other end-users interested in learning about renewable
energy supply (RES), mainly for buildings, but also potentially for any kind of installation. This e-learning module is divided into
chapters, each with an associated abstract detailing information about photovoltaic systems. Each abstract is complemented
by a longer chapter providing more detailed information and with a set of questions that can be used as a quiz or test.

BEST RESULT-E-Learning modules on solar cooling


AUTHOR(S): BEST RESULT Consortium, 2008, 163 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Technologies/ Appliances | Training
This is a set of training materials that provides information on solar cooling. It is an e-learning module directed to
professionals and other end-users interested in learning about renewable energy supply (RES), mainly for buildings, but
also potentially for any kind of installation. This e-learning module is divided into nine chapters, each with an associated
abstract detailing information about solar energy and solar cooling. Each abstract is complemented by a longer chapter
providing more detailed information and with a set of questions that can be used as a quiz or test.

Cahier de charge-type audit chauffe-eau solaire (= Specifications model for


auditing water solar-heating systems)
AUTHOR(S): X. Meersseman et al., 2006, 14 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Energy Audit Model | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings
Studies show that there is strong potential for developing water heating from solar sources within public accommodation
centres and related infrastructures in Wallonia. A pre-feasibility study is necessary to assess the relevance of a collective
thermal solar hot water installation in a building (swimming pool, hospital, homecare, accommodation, housing, etc); this
is usually called a solar audit. This document, a reference tool for technicians and local authorities, presents the main
elements and specifications to be included in a tender to order a solar audit. Some elements in the document (inventory
of fuel consumption, hot water consumption numbers) could be done internally by the person in charge of energy or by
the building manager.

Collectivités locales, campings, hôtels, chauffez votre piscine à l’énergie


solaire (= Heating swimming pools with solar energy in municipalities,
campings and hotels)
AUTHOR(S): ADEME/ARPE ed., 2006, 6 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | SMEs
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National

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KEYWORDS: Heating
Aquatic centres and swimming pools consume a lot of energy, and have a big impact on public costs in the locality.
These guidelines were written for local authorities, to encourage them to choose solar heating, which is easy to install and
manage. They propose concrete guidelines and drawings for choosing and installing the equipment. The guidelines also
give four examples from the Midi-Pyrénées Region and useful contacts.

Comment réaliser un audit solaire? Guide à la réalisation d’une étude de


faisabilité d’un projet solaire thermique. (= How to carry out a solar audit?
Guidelines for a feasibility study of a solar heating project)
AUTHOR(S): IBGE ed., 2006, 22 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Energy Audit Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Managers | Installers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
This audit method aims to support consultants by providing a method to assess the feasibility of integrating a large
solar system for hot water into a building. The proposed audit method has been used since 2001, both in Wallonia and
Brussels, within the Soltherm programme. The aim is to provide a quality installation for the best price. At the end of the
study, an auditor using this method can summarize the results in the table provided to highlight the relevant economic,
technical and environmental criteria so that the sponsor gets the overall picture at a glance and can make a decision either
to have a solar system built or not.

Design software for solar systems on hotels in Cyprus


AUTHOR(S): Cyprus Institute of Energy
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO)
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Heating | Planning
This calculation tool was produced by the Cyprus Institute of Energy (CIE) for the design and optimization of solar water
heating systems in hotels. The software is easy to use and the results interesting. Nevertheless, it is not clear if it is based
on Canadian software or was developed by the CIE.

deSOLaSOL-Basics on PV (photovoltaic) projects finance


AUTHOR(S): Triodos Bank, 2006, 28 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Financial Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Financing | Planning | Strategy Development
This report offers a basic analysis of the financial opportunities and challenges of photovoltaic (PV) projects in France,
Germany, Portugal and Spain. It also includes tips on how to draft a financial proposal for consideration by potential
investors. The report discusses the status of global PV markets, distinguishes between the types of systems (grid-
connected versus stand alone systems) and then details how to create a financial proposal, discusses the financial
calculations to be taken into account, and the types of financing available for such a project.

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EARTH - Ausbildungsskriptum solarwärme (=Training material for courses


on solar water heating)
AUTHOR(S): Friedrich Brandstetter et al., 2005, 113 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | DE | LT | SL
TYPE OF TOOL: Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Heating | Planning | Training
The EARTH Project (Extend Accredited Renewables Training for Heating) aims to define a general set of knowledge,
skills and abilities required of practitioners who install and maintain renewable heating systems, to ensure safety, quality
and consumer acceptance. This is a manual for a training course for solar thermal heat installers in Austria. It is intended
for producers and installers of solar water heating systems in order to increase system quality and thus raise the profile
of solar water heating. Topics covered include: -The sun as the energy source of the future; -Establishing demand for
heating; -Investment issues; -System dimensions for individual family houses; -Minimisation of heat loss; -Installation;
-Marketing and sales strategies; -Costs and economic efficiency of solar thermal energy for water heating. The inclusion
of photos, diagrams and worked examples contribute to the value of this handbook as an practical, educational tool that
enables installers and producers to increased the quality of their service.

EARTH - Key competencies for the installation of domestic solar water


heating systems
AUTHOR(S): EARTH Project Consortium, 2005, 10 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | FI | LT
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Heating | Planning | Training
The EARTH Project (Extend Accredited Renewables Training for Heating) aims to define a general set of knowledge,
skills and abilities required of practitioners who install and maintain renewable heating systems, to ensure safety, quality
and consumer acceptance. This particular document is aimed at installers of domestic solar water heating systems, and
provides a list of tasks which they must be able to undertake to be classified as competent installers. Topics covered
include: -Environmental issues; -Solar water heating principles and technology; -Health and safety and legislation; -
Component identification and sizing; -Site assessment, planning and installation; -Roofing techniques; -Installation of
solar collectors, hot water storage tanks, auxiliary components, electrical control systems, identification tags and labels;
-Performing a system check; -Consumer education; -Maintenance. The document aims to be all-encompassing with the
intention that it could provide a starting point for the creation of a training course for installers of domestic solar water
heating systems; courses in each country would however need to be adapted to reflect national variations.

EARTH - Solar thermal heat installers’ course (syllabus)


AUTHOR(S): Arsenal Research EARTH Consortium, 2005, 3 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | DE | EN | FI
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Checklist | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Heating | Technologies/ Appliances | Training
The EARTH Project (Extend Accredited Renewables Training for Heating) aims to define a general set of knowledge, skills
and abilities required of practitioners who install and maintain renewable heating systems, to ensure safety, quality and

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Solar
consumer acceptance. This particular document provides details of a training course in Austria for solar thermal heat
installers. It explains the rationale and goals of the course, the benefits for students, training materials and course costs
and an outline of topics to be studied during the course. The curriculum is divided into theory (including principles of solar
thermal heating, calculations, marketing and sales) and training (including safety, installation methods and maintenance).
This short guide provides an overview of the training course, with a view to promote it to public authorities and installation
companies in Austria. To emphasise: this is an overview of the syllabus only, rather than the course itself. Contact details
are provided for people interested in taking the course.

EAST-GSR - General recommendations for the successful GSR [Guaranteed


Solar Results] charter implementation
AUTHOR(S): CRES - Center for Renewable Energy Sources, 2007, 40 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | EN | PL
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Contracting | Planning | Strategy Development
The EAST-GSR [solar thermal applications in EASTern Europe with Guaranteed Solar Results] project aimed to encourage
the emergence of a sustainable solar thermal market by means of the GSR charter: a contract between the owner/
user of the solar thermal system and the installer/supplier. The charter defines agreed figures for water temperature
and consumption, and agreed kWh/energy per year, for which the owner/user has financial indemnity if not reached.
This particular guide aims to provide general recommendations for implementation of the GSR charter in each of the
Eastern European partner countries, permitting flexible adaptation by each country according to its particularities and
precedences. It discusses: -Solar thermal system requirements, including the European approach, testing infrastructure,
and certification and market control; -Test method standards; and -Reinforcement of ‘guaranteed performance’ practices.
The final section provides a clear summary table of recommendations and suggests a priority and timescale for each.
Annexes provide details on the existing situation with the standardisation of thermal solar and a descriptionof the main
testing infrastructure for solar thermal products in Greece. This guide is useful for policy makers and energy suppliers.

EAST-GSR - Professional handbook for collective thermal solar system


design: Bulgaria, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia
AUTHOR(S): EAST-GSR Project Consortium, 2007, 99 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | EN | PL | RO | SK | SL
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Planning | Technologies/ Appliances | Training
The EAST-GSR [solar thermal applications in EASTern Europe with Guaranteed Solar Results] project aimed to encourage
the emergence of a sustainable solar thermal market by means of the GSR charter: a contract between the owner/user
of the solar thermal system and the installer/supplier. The charter defines agreed figures for water temperature and
consumption, and agreed kWh/energy per year, for which the owner/user has financial indemnity if not reached. This
particular guidebook is aimed at installers and planners, and it presents a manual for designing, sizing and installing solar
systems for domestic hot water production. It outlines basic rules based on past experience and monitoring that follow five
essential principles: -Simple installation, -Safety in use, -Integration in buildings, -Efficient performance, and -Monitoring.
Particular emphasis rests on global system design, solar collector integration and sanitary regulation changes. The choice
of the components and their installation following professional codes of practice is completed by recommendations
and detailed comments concerning the sizing of the different parts of the installation as well as the calculation of the
provisional performance.

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Edukacijski kit za uporabu energije sunca (= Educational kit on the use of


the solar energy)
AUTHOR(S): Maja Božičević Vrhovčak, 2007, 43 p.
LANGUAGE: HR
TYPE OF TOOL: Game | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : NGOs | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: Private
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Training
The manual “Educational kit on the use of the solar energy” is the result of the cooperation between the non-governmental
organisation Association for Sustainable Development Design and the private company Holcim Croatia. The manual
describes in detail the equipment called “educational kit” that has been developed in this cooperation and delivered to
the secondary school Mate Blažina in the city of Labin. The main target groups of this document are teachers but also
students in secondary schools. This manual provides information about benefits of solar energy use. The most important
topics covered by this manual are: (1) Use of solar energy for the production of electricity; (2) Use of solar energy for
heating; (3) Experiments with the use of solar energy that can be organised as practical work in secondary schools. This
document can be considered as a useful starting point for secondary school students interested in the possibilities of
solar energy use in Croatia.

GREENBUILDING - Technical module on solar hot water and heating


AUTHOR(S): Georg Benke, 2006, 13 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Evaluation System | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Heating | Strategy Development
This tool is a product of the GreenBuilding Programme which is a voluntary programme that enhances the realisation
of cost-effective energy efficiency potentials through: awareness, support and public recognition to companies. It is
aimed at energy managers, ESCOs and installers and provides assistance for the process of assessing and realising the
use of solar energy for hot water and heating. It summarizes the basics of using solar energy for hot water and heating
provision including: different types of solar thermal systems; measuring the system; cost considerations. An Action
Plan for implementing a solar thermal system, and advice of reporting the progress of that plan are given. The annex
provides an example energy audit for new and existing thermal solar systems. This guide informs energy managers about
the considerations that should be taken into account on the setting up or auditing of a thermal solar hot water/heating
system.

GRSPASS - Contrat de Garantie de Résultats Solaires GRS-th (=GRS


[guaranteed solar results] contract)
AUTHOR(S): TECSOL, 1999, 10 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Contract Model
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Contracting | Procurement | Quality schemes
This is a contract which expresses the desire of solar energy professionals to improve their service by offering more than
just the supply of system components. The aim is to create ownership of work and responsibility to differentiate and
recognise quality work and therefore improve the image of the solar energy industry. The solar collector manufacturer,

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the installer and the system manager are chosen by the client, with the help of the technical consultant after a call for
tender. The usual criteria for the evaluation of offers (price, quality and company references) are complemented by the
annual energy production of the planned solar system. The aim of the contract is to decrease the breakdown ratio of solar
installations and to resolve issues related to the installation and maintenance of solar installations.

GRSPASS-Method of calculating which solar system would be best for your


needs
AUTHOR(S): TECSOL, 1999
LANGUAGE: EN | ES | FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO)
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Financing | Technologies/ Appliances
This is an online calculation tool which simulates solar installations in order to establish which system would be most
suitable for specific needs. The user inputs information about the requirements and the website provides recommendations
on the location of collectors (whether on the roof, the ground, or on a terrace). The next step utilises calculation algorithms
developed by the CSTB (Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment) to estimate the hot water needs in a building
according to its type and the number of occupants. Based on this calculation, the provided information page gives a
rough idea of the cost of a collective installation, the available subsidies and support as well as the impact on reducing
CO2 emissions. This tool is provided in English, Spanish and French. However, it should be noted that when progressing
through the steps of the tool, some of the choices and answers are still in the original French.

Installation d’un grand système solaire - Checklist pour rédiger le cahier


des charges (Installing a large solar system - Checklist for wrtiting
specifications)
AUTHOR(S): Ministère de la Région wallonne - Direction Générale des Technologies, de la recherche et
de l’Energie ed., 2004, 13 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Contract Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Contracting | Procurement
After a ‘solar audit’ has confirmed the relevance and feasibility of a large solar energy system within a building, the next
step is to write the tender for installation. This document provides energy managers in third sector buildings with a list of
necessary elements which should be included when defining the tender specifications.

Installationsguide, nätanslutna solcellsanläggningar (=Installation Guide for


Solar Power to Electicity Networks)
AUTHOR(S): Switchpower, 2007, 20 p.
LANGUAGE: SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Installers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances

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This guide provides information on installing solar power to electricity networks. The guide is fairly technical and therefore
mainly for use by professional installers with an existing knowledge of the subject. It describes in great detail different
solar power systems, their components and the installation and maintenance processes.

Installer un grand système solaire de production d´eau chaude en Wallonie


(=Installing a large solar water heating system)
AUTHOR(S): 3E, Cellule architecture et climat-UCL, Institut Wallon, 2006, 16 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Contract Model | Decision Support System | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Installers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Heating | Procurement
Nowadays, hot-water solar system technologies are advanced and reliable. In the third sector there is huge potential for
using renewable energy and reducing energy bills, especially for establishments which need large quantities of hot water
such as public swimming pools, sports halls, hospitals and the accommodation sector. This brochure gives reasons for
installing a solar hot-water system and presents cost-efficiency factors. It explains with simple words how and under
what conditions to decide to install such a system and can be understood by non-technicians. The main steps of the
implementation phase are described: defining the needs, assessing the technical/economic relevance, preparing a solar
audit, financing the project, and writing tender specifications.

K4RES-H - Financial incentives for solar thermal: guidelines on best


practice and avoidable problems
AUTHOR(S): European Solar Thermal Industry Federation, 2006, 67 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Financial Operators | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Financing | Heating | Planning
The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by
increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-
H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -
Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular tool supports the
design of effective financial incentive schemes (FIS) for solar thermal heating and cooling, and as such, is targeted at
legislators, public authorities, energy agencies and NGOs. It analyses existing experiences in several European countries,
looking at FIS that have achieved their goal and those that have partially, or completely, failed. It comprises: - A discussion
of the justifications and limits of FIS; - Guidelines for best practice; - Annexes of country case studies examining, amongst
others, a market stimulation programme, regional subsidy schemes and white certificates for energy saving and energy
efficiency. This is a useful tool to support policy makers in the design of effective FIS to promote the enhanced use of
geothermal energy in Europe.

K4RES-H - Objective methodology for simple calculation of the energy


delivery of (small) solar thermal systems
AUTHOR(S): European Solar Thermal Industry Federation (ESTIF), 2007, 5 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Planning Tool

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TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Energy consumption | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by
increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-
H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -
Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular document proposes
a simple calculation methodology to determine the energy yield of small solar thermal systems. Such a methodology
could then be used by public authorities, for example, to base financial incentives on the expected solar thermal energy
production rather than on more generic parameters like the collector area. This tool aims to assist with the assessment of
heat energy from renewable sources produced and consumed in the European Member States.

K4RES-H - Setting verifiable targets for solar thermal


AUTHOR(S): ESTIF - European Solar Thermal Industry Federation et al., 2007, 10 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Heating | Planning | Strategy Development
The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by
increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-
H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -
Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular guide aims to inform
policy makers on the importance of targets for achieving higher uptake of solar thermal as a heat source. It gives advice
on setting verifiable targets for solar thermal to achieve growth in the short term as well as long term, and explains the
importance of intermediate checks to ensure targets will be met. This is a short piece with a narrow scope, but it gives
sensible advice on how to make targets more meaningful.

K4RES-H - Solar thermal action plan for Europe: heating and cooling from
the sun
AUTHOR(S): ESTIF - European Solar Thermal Industry Federation, 2007, 32 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by
increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-
H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -
Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular guidebook provides
a detailed introduction to solar thermal technology for heating. It aims to promote and raise awareness of the technology,
and will be of interest to energy managers, ESCOs and public authorities, among others. It comprises the following
sections: - How solar thermal works for different areas of use; - Key benefits; - The current market for solar thermal in
Europe; - Replacing imported fuels with local jobs; - Market growth strategy; - Guidelines for effective policies. Although
distinctly pro-solar thermal, this well-presented guidebook explains important concepts, equipping readers to make more
informed choices about their heat source, and heating policies.

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L’energia fotovoltaica (=Photovoltaic energy)


AUTHOR(S): ENEA, 2006
LANGUAGE: IT
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Agencies | Installers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Energy consumption | Technologies/ Appliances
This small guidebook provides excellent guidance on small-scale photovoltaic applications. It provides clear information
for citizens, installers, technology suppliers and dealers, staff involved in procurement, energy agencies interested in
establishing a dissemination campaign on renewable energy applications and, finally, for vocational trainers and students.
The guide provides an introduction to the energy source and its applications, such as stand-alone applications, grid-
connected applications and their integration into buildings. It also provides tips on the sizing of technologies, providing
information on how to perform a feasibility study and discussing financing options. The information is accompanied
by illustrations and explanatory diagrams and technical schemes of the technologies. The clear layout and the images
provided make this brochure a useful tool for dissemination and educational purposes.

Leitfaden photovoltaische anlagen (=Guidebook on photovoltaic


installations)
AUTHOR(S): Otmar Frühwald Daniela Pokorny, 2008, 36 p.
LANGUAGE: DE
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Installers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Technologies/ Appliances
These guidelines aim to support the decision making process of those interested in the installation of photovoltaic (PV)
technologies. Based on a review of the development of PV in Austria, the guidelines cover technical, economical and legal
aspects of this technology.

Photovoltaic Project Model - Software


AUTHOR(S): Cyprus Institute of Energy, _
LANGUAGE: EL | EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO)
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
This calculation tool was produced by the Cyprus Institute of Energy (CIE) for the design and optimization of solar water
heating systems in hotels. The software is easy to use and the results interesting. Nevertheless, it is not clear if it is based
on Canadian software or was developed by the CIE. The Canadian tool, the RETScreen Photovoltaic Project Model, can
be used world-wide to easily evaluate the energy production, life-cycle costs and greenhouse gas emissions reduction
for three basic photovoltaic (PV) applications.

PREHEAT: Solar heat storages in district heating networks


AUTHOR(S): Klaus Ellehauge Thomas Engberg Pedersen, 2007, 50 p.
LANGUAGE: EN

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TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Installers | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Heating | Planning
The PREHEAT project aims to promote thermal storage and increase its funding possibilities by providing decision makers
at the European level with a reference framework to maximise the environmental, commercial and economic benefits of
heat storage. This guidebook examines the concept of using solar heat storage technologies in district heating networks.
It is intended for actors in the solar heating storage industry and the district heating industry, and aims to promote the
combination of these technologies as an advancement in the field. It is largely based on work carried out and results
obtained in Denmark on storage systems for large solar heating plants in district heating networks. It covers: -History of the
technologies; -Collector fields and system layout; - Tried-and-tested short term storage options; -More experimental long
term storage methods; -Consequences of establishing solar heat in CHP (combined heat and power, or ‘cogeneration’)
areas; -Price development and economics. An appendix provides contact details for the Danish companies involved in all
stages of the example projects. The advice given by this guidebook is based on real-life experience, giving it credibility
to reassure those who have not encountered this combining of technologies before. The inclusion of company contact
details is a definite advantage for readers who have further questions.

Propuesta de modelo de ordenanza municipal: captación solar para


usos térmicos (=Proposal for a model of municipal regulation for the
implementation of solar heating systems at the local/municipal level)
AUTHOR(S): Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía (IDAE), Ministerio de Industria,
Turismo y Comercio, 2002, 52 p.
LANGUAGE: ES
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Managers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Heating | Planning | Strategy Development
This guidebook is a proposal for legislation for the implementation of solar heating systems at a local/municipal level
presented by the central government. It compiles several regional solar heating regulations, including all the regulations
for solar heating systems in home heating, swimming pools, but also covers regulations for industrial processes and
agriculture.

PV Certification - Objectives and task analysis for the photovoltaic system


installer
AUTHOR(S): PV Practitioner Standards Technical Committee, 7 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Industry | Installers | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Quality schemes | Technologies/ Appliances | Training
This document presents a task analysis (job analysis or key skills analysis) to define a general set of competencies and/
or skills typically required of practitioners who specify, install and maintain photovoltaic (PV) power generation systems
and equipment. Specifically, the task analysis helps to establish the basis for training curricula, and helps to define
requirements for the assessment of practitioners. These tasks may be used as guidelines for organisations that wish to
train, test, certify, or otherwise qualify existing or new workers to install PV systems. The principal goal is to help develop
an accredited training infrastructure that produces a knowledgeable, skilled, and experienced workforce, thus helping to
ensure the safety, quality, and consumer acceptance of PV installations.

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PV Certification - Quality management in photovoltaics: manufacturers


quality control training manual
AUTHOR(S): PV Certification Consortium, 2002, 224 p.
LANGUAGE: DE | EN | ES | FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Industry | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Quality schemes | Training
The purpose of this manual is to help photovoltaics (PV) firms to install their own quality management system and meet
established global quality standards. The Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) was created to establish
a uniform approach to quality assurance and this training manual is part of this effort. The manual describes in simple
terms what is required by the ISO 9001 standard and how PV companies can install a quality management system easily
and inexpensively. Achieving a benchmark global quality for PV components and systems enables the establishment
of a quality manufacturing process along with a quality assurance system. This training manual describes the various
elements of the quality management system, introduces the PV Quality Mark and Seal and explains how these labels
help customers to distinguish high quality PV components and systems from those of poor or unknown quality. The PV
Quality Mark and Seal is also likely to enhance the globally competitive position of PV manufacturers who are qualified
and licensed to use these labels. This manual is provided in English, French, German and Spanish.

PV Certification - Syllabus for training a PV system installer


AUTHOR(S): PV Certification Consortium, 2002, 9 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Installers | Planners/Builders | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Quality schemes | Technologies/ Appliances | Training
This document is a training course to train installers of photovoltaic (PV) systems. The course contains practical
assessment requirements and a rig test specification. It is divided into 8 main areas: photovoltaic systems; standards,
regulations/guidelines, Codes of Practice; PV Safety; System components; Approvals; Installation; Commissioning and
testing; and Customer care.

pvresources.com - Photovoltaic software


AUTHOR(S): Denis Lenardic, 2008
LANGUAGE: DE | EN | FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Monitoring System | Planning Tool | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: Private
KEYWORDS: Monitoring | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
The pvresources.com website provides links to a collection of various software products related to photovoltaics. This
software can be used as planning or monitoring tools. The types of software tools linked from the website include:
simulation tools; economic evaluation tools; tools for the analysis and planning of photovoltaic systems; monitoring and
control tools; tools for site analysis; and websites with online tools. The tools are generally available in English, French or
German, although not all tools are available in all languages.

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PV-UP-SCALE-Demand side value and benefits of photovoltaics (PV)
AUTHOR(S): Demet Suna et al., 2006, 67 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Evaluation System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances
This report identifies, evaluates and quantifies some of the major benefits of urban scale photovoltaics (PV) based on the
specific characteristics of a country. The benefits are classified into the following groups: avoiding fossil fuels; environmental
benefits; electric utilities benefits; industry development and employment benefits; and customers’ individual benefits. The
analysis of each benefit includes the derivation of a general methodological approach which is suitable for all countries/
regions analysed, whilst the quantifiable examples aim to demonstrate country specific differences and perceptions. The
purpose of this report is to provide analysis on where financial barriers can be removed and to present information on
benefits to diverse stakeholders to enable a wider market penetration of PV technology.

PV-UP-SCALE-Economical drivers and market impacts of urban


photovoltaics (PV)
AUTHOR(S): Assumpcio Lopez-Polo et al., 2007, 67 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Industry | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Financing | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
This study analyses the success of various governmental programmes and not governmental programmes for grid connected
photovoltaic (PV) systems worldwide and identifies some success criteria for market deployment strategies. This study reviews
past and current programs and analyses the effect of these programmes in terms of achieving a transformation towards a
self-sustaining market. The analysis looks at various financial incentives, regulatory and voluntary programmes, and identifies
the success criteria for such programmes, which can be used to help design new strategies.

PV-UP-SCALE-The PV database for urban photovoltaic (PV) applications


AUTHOR(S): PV-UP-SCALE Consortium, 2007
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Managers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
This online searchable database provides information on urban photovoltaic (PV) solar energy integrated into buildings.
The database contains case studies with summaries and more detailed downloadable PDFs, which also include lessons
learned. The projects in this database are searchable by country, start date, type of PV application (façade, flat roof,
inclined roof, structures, and unknown structures), whether the project was new or a retrofit, the power total of the project
and by keywords in the project descriptions. There are over 300 different projects in the database. Once a project is
selected, the database shows a short description of the project, location, start date, application type and power total.
Some summaries also include pictures, PDFs, case studies, and further details about the project to help the reader gain
a better understanding of how the project was implemented.

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PVWatts: A Performance Calculator for Grid-Connected PV Systems


AUTHOR(S): NREL - National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 15 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Energy consumption | Technologies/ Appliances
PVWATTS calculates the electrical energy produced by a grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) system. Researchers at the
U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory developed the tool to allow non-experts to quickly obtain performance
estimates for grid-connected PV systems. It allows the user to select a location from a list (U.S. and outside the U.S.) and
to make calculations using the default system parameters, or user-inputted parameters (PV system size, local electric
costs, whether a fixed or tracking PV array, and the PV array tilt and azimuth angles). PVWATTS calculates monthly
and annual energy production in kWh and financial savings. The user may also choose to output hourly AC power
data which can be saved to a text file. PVWATTS v.1 uses hourly Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) weather data and
a PV performance model based on Sandia National Laboratories’ PVFORM to estimate monthly and annual AC energy
production (kWh) and cost savings for a crystalline silicon PV system.

Quickscan - Logiciel de calcul pour évaluer l´intérêt économique d´un


chauffe-eau solaire dans son installation (= Quickscan – Calculation
software for assessing the economic relevance of installing a solar water
heating system in the company)
AUTHOR(S): B. Huberlant Ministère de la Région Wallonne - Direction générale des technologies, de la
recherche et de l’énergie ed., 2002
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Decision Support System | Feasibility Model
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
This calculation tool aims to rapidly assess the appropriateness of installing a solar water heating system in specific
buildings, either in the health sector (hospitals) or in collective housing. A handbook is provided to help users with the
software. This is a decision support tool to be used before proceeding to a solar audit. Three models are available which
target specific audiences: the health sector, collective housing and third sector buildings such as hospitals.

RES-e Regions - GuÍa para instalaciones fotoboltaicas conectadas a red


(=PV Project Developers Leaflet: Copenhagen, Slovenia, Castilla and Leon,
Andalucia, Navarra)
AUTHOR(S): RES-e Regions Project Consortium, 2006, 8 p.
LANGUAGE: DA | ES | SL
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
The aim of the RES-e Regions project was to boost renewable electricity dissemination in 11 regions by defining concrete
regional targets and strategies. These reports are aimed at developers, and provide advice on how to implement individual
installations of photovoltaics in these different regions. Each report is region-specific and is written in the language of the

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region. They cover such topics as: - Administrative barriers; - Economic and legislative supports; - Current legislation;
Best practice examples. The region-specific nature of these reports makes them a valuable asset to developers and
policy makers looking to increase the penetration of photovoltaics in their local region, as they may cover barriers or
success factors unique to that region that more general guidebooks have neglected to include.

RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Passive


solar heating project
AUTHOR(S): Natural Resources Canada, 2004
LANGUAGE: BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Financing | Planning
The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software: Passive solar heating project is a decision support tool developed
to evaluate the energy production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for Passive solar
heating projects. The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation platform for the
various stakeholders involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility studies, disseminate
knowledge to help people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical and financial viability
of possible projects. The software includes product, project, hydrology and climate databases, a detailed online user
manual, and a case study based college/university-level training course, including an engineering e-textbook. RETScreen
can be used for feasibility studies; project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis; information dissemination;
training; sales of products and/or services; project development & management; and product development/R&D. This
tool is provided in 30 different languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used. Provided here are the
general tool that can be utilised for analysis as well as a tool specific to Passive solar heating projects. The individual tool
is technology-specific, providing an energy model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions analysis, and a financial
summary.

RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software:


Photovoltaic project
AUTHOR(S): Natural Resources Canada, 2004
LANGUAGE: BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Energy consumption | Evaluation | Planning
The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software: Photovoltaic project is a decision support tool developed to
evaluate the energy production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for Photovoltaic projects.
The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation platform for the various stakeholders
involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility studies, disseminate knowledge to help
people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical and financial viability of possible projects.
The software includes product, project, hydrology and climate databases, a detailed online user manual, and a case
study based college/university-level training course, including an engineering e-textbook. RETScreen can be used for
feasibility studies; project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis; information dissemination; training; sales
of products and/or services; project development & management; and product development/R&D. This tool is provided in
30 different languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used. Provided here are the general tool that can be
utilised for analysis as well as a tool specific to Photovoltaic projects. The individual tool is technology-specific, providing
an energy model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions analysis, and a financial summary.

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RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Solar air


heating project
AUTHOR(S): Natural Resources Canada, 2004
LANGUAGE: BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Energy consumption | Evaluation | Planning
The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software: : Solar air heating project is a decision support tool developed
to evaluate the energy production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for Solar air heating
projects. The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation platform for the various
stakeholders involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility studies, disseminate knowledge
to help people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical and financial viability of possible
projects. The software includes product, project, hydrology and climate databases, a detailed online user manual, and a
case study based college/university-level training course, including an engineering e-textbook. RETScreen can be used
for feasibility studies; project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis; information dissemination; training;
sales of products and/or services; project development & management; and product development/R&D. This tool is
provided in 30 different languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used. Provided here are the general tool
that can be utilised for analysis as well as a tool specific to Solar air heating projects. The individual tool is technology-
specific, providing an energy model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions analysis, and a financial summary.

RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software: Solar


water heating project
AUTHOR(S): Natural Resources Canada, 2004
LANGUAGE: BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Energy consumption | Evaluation | Planning
The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software: Solar water heating project is a decision support tool developed
to evaluate the energy production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for Solar water
heating projects. The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation platform for the
various stakeholders involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility studies, disseminate
knowledge to help people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical and financial viability
of possible projects. The software includes product, project, hydrology and climate databases, a detailed online user
manual, and a case study based college/university-level training course, including an engineering e-textbook. RETScreen
can be used for feasibility studies; project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis; information dissemination;
training; sales of products and/or services; project development & management; and product development/R&D. This
tool is provided in 30 different languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used. Provided here are the
general tool that can be utilised for analysis as well as a tool specific to Solar water heating projects. The individual tool
is technology-specific, providing an energy model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions analysis, and a financial
summary.

SOLAIR - Best practice catalogue on successful running solar air-


conditioning appliances
AUTHOR(S): Edo Wiemken ed., 2008, 66 p.
LANGUAGE: EN | ES | FR

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TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Managers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Cooling | Technologies/ Appliances
The SOLAIR project aims to resolve some major market obstacles for solar air-conditioning (SAC) technologies, including
limited awareness and lack of know-how, instruments and information standards. The goal is to assist the market diffusion
of these technologies. This best practice catalogue aims to present the applicability of solar cooling technologies within
different building environments, at different locations and with different technical solutions. It provides an overview of
successfully running small- and medium-sized SAC appliances, thereby displaying different technical opportunities within
SAC systems. Technologies covered include: chilled water systems; open cycle processes; and solar thermal collectors.
Best practice examples are presented from Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain. The catalogue is
available in English, Spanish and French.

Solar Keymark II - Calculation procedures based on the EN 15316-4.3


AUTHOR(S): Dominique Caccavelli, 2007, 14 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Evaluation System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Installers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
The Solar Keymark II project developed a piece of software based on the calculation method in the EN 15316-4.3 European
standard: Heating systems in buildings — Method for calculation of system energy requirements and system efficiencies
— Part 4-3: Heat generation systems, thermal solar systems, which was adopted in June 2007. The EN 15316 standard
gives methods for calculation of the thermal solar system input for space heating and/or domestic hot water requirements
and the thermal losses and auxiliary energy consumption of the thermal solar system. This report describes the validation
work carried out on a piece of software developed in the framework of the Solar Keymark II project. The software makes it
possible to calculate the monthly and annual thermal performance of a thermal solar system as well as the energy savings
and the quantity of CO2 avoided compared with a conventional system. The validation described in the report relies on
different test cases of thermal solar systems that were the subject of a measurement campaign in single-family houses,
residential buildings or in the non-residential sector.

Solar Keymark II - DHWScale: Software for extrapolating performance test


results of one solar domestic hot water (DHW) system tested to systems of
the same type but differing in size
AUTHOR(S): Professor Dr.-Ing. habil. H. Müller-Steinhagen, 2008, 34 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Evaluation System | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Installers | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
This calculation tool aims to provide a tool with which it is possible to extrapolate the performance test results obtained
from one system configuration of a solar domestic hot water (DHW) system to other systems of the same product line (ie
hot water systems with the same construction but different collector and storage dimensions). The idea is that this can
save time and costs with regards to the testing of systems by predicting the solar fractions of the whole product family
without having to test each of the system configurations. The calculation tool itself is in the fom of an Excel spreadsheet;
it is accompanied by a short manual. Another accompanying paper describes the mathematical model behind the
calculation tool, assessing its accuracy through use of a trial test (a product line was tested in three laboratories and the
results compared to the results of the model).

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Solar Keymark II - Energy performance certificate: contribution of solar


thermal systems
AUTHOR(S): Dominique CACCAVELLI Carol BUSCARLET, 2007, 12 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Calculation Tool | Evaluation System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Energy consumption | Quality schemes
The Solar Keymark II project aimed to open up the European market for high quality solar thermal products by providing a
quality mark with which to certify their conformity to the European standards, thus reassuring investors. This report aims
to demonstrate how software based on the EN 15316-4.3 standard can be used in conjunction with energy performance
calculation methods and how Energy Performance Certificates (which are prescribed under the EU Energy Performance
Building Directive (EPBD) display the energy performance of a building and offers advice on cost-effective measures to
enhance energy performance) can be positively influenced by solar thermal systems.

Solar Keymark II - Guidelines/material to HVAC experts and installers on


solar thermal
AUTHOR(S): Dominique Caccavelli, 2007, 12 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Installers | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Technologies/ Appliances
This document contains a list of existing material for heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) experts and
installers on solar thermal, in particular guidelines for decision makers. Topics covered by the materials include: solar
thermal in various types of buildings (including housing, hotels, hospitals and sports centres); boosting demand for
solar thermal technologies and addressing barriers to their use; solar hot water systems; district heating; solar thermal
for heating and cooling; solar thermal as a primary energy source; solar thermal collectors; large solar thermal systems;
and combinations of solar thermal and other technologies. Weblinks to the various documents are provided wherever
possible. The documents are available in English, French, German and Italian; not all documents are available in all
languages.

Solar Keymark II - Specific CEN keymark scheme rules for solar thermal
products
AUTHOR(S): Jan Erik Nielsen, 2008, 11 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Evaluation System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Financial Operators | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Quality schemes | Technologies/ Appliances
The Solar Keymark II project aimed to open up the European market for high quality solar thermal products by providing
a quality mark with which to certify their conformity to the European standards, thus reassuring investors. These
Specific CEN Keymark Scheme Rules for Solar Thermal Products act as a supplement to the CEN/CENELEC INTERNAL
REGULATIONS – Part 4: Certification – 2006 (available at http://www.cen.eu/BOSS/supporting/reference+documents/
ir4august2006.pdf), in order to ‘Keymark’ solar thermal products covered by the standards EN 12975 and EN 12976.

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The scheme covers solar thermal collectors, factory-made solar thermal systems and solar water heater stores. The rules
include information on: the requirements and assessment procedures for bodies engaged in certification, testing and
inspection; specification of the manufacturer’s application file; the selection and submission of type test samples; factory
production control and initial inspection of the manufacturing site; surveillance; supervised manufacturers testing; a list of
bodies for the implementation of the scheme; fees; and additional requirements for obtaining the license. As the rules are
updated, they become available from www.solarkeymark.org.

Solar Keymark II - Specific CEN Keymark Scheme Rules for Solar Thermal
Products (version 9.04)
AUTHOR(S): Jan Erik Nielsen SolarKey Int., 2008, 20 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Evaluation System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Financial Operators | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Quality schemes | Technologies/ Appliances
The Solar Keymark II project aimed to open up the European market for high quality solar thermal products by providing a
quality mark with which to certify their conformity to the European standards, thus reassuring investors. These Specific CEN
Keymark Scheme Rules for Solar Thermal Products act as a supplement to the CEN/CENELEC INTERNAL REGULATIONS
– Part 4: Certification – 2006 (available at http://www.cen.eu/BOSS/supporting/reference+documents/ir4august2006.
pdf), in order to ‘Keymark’ solar thermal products covered by the standards EN 12975 and EN 12976. The scheme covers
solar thermal collectors as defined in EN 12975, and factory-made solar thermal systems as defined in EN 12976. The
rules include information on: the requirements and assessment procedures for bodies engaged in certification, testing
and inspection; specification of the manufacturer’s application file; the selection and submission of type test samples;
factory production control and initial inspection of the manufacturing site; surveillance; supervised manufacturers testing;
a list of bodies for the implementation of the scheme; fees; and additional requirements for obtaining the license. A series
of annexes accompany the report: a template for a Solar Keymark factory inspection report (Annex A); a summary form
to record EN 12975 test results (Annex B1); and a summary form to record EN 12976 test results (Annex B2). As the rules
are updated, they become available from www.solarkeymark.org.

Solar Keymark II: Standard method for calculating collector annual output
AUTHOR(S): SP Technical Institute of Sweden, 2007
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Decision Support System | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
The Solar Keymark II project aimed to open up the European market for high quality solar thermal products by providing
a quality mark with which to certify their conformity to the European standards, thus reassuring investors. This tool is
intended for those involved in planning a potential solar thermal installation, and aims to assist them with calculations of
a solar collector’s annual output. The calculation tool itself is an Excel spreadsheet, which takes inputs for city location,
collector information, distribution temperature and IAM (incidence angle modifier) type, and outputs results for the monthly
and annual irradience and yield in kWh/m2, in a numerical table as well as a graph. Four city locations are given: Athens,
Davos, Stockholm and Wurzburg, along with the option of a ‘user specified city’ for which the user must first input large
quantities of data for ambient temperature, global and diffuse irradiation by hour, for all the collector angles possible to
evaluate. Therefore this tool is of most benefit to project planners in the afore-mentioned four cities. The instructions for
use are brief, but thankfully the tool is simple enough to understand without much instruction.

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SOLARGE - Course on collective solar thermal systems


AUTHOR(S): SOLARGE Project Consortium, 2008
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Heating | Technologies/ Appliances | Training
The aim of the SOLARGE project is to open the market to large solar thermal systems through provision of training,
information and communication materials. This particular tool is a set of training materials. It is aimed at planners
and installers, and intends to inform its audience about collective solar thermal systems. Each chapter comprises
presentation slides addressing a section of the training course: Introduction; Basics; Planning; Plant schematics; Design
and dimensioning; The collector field; Further components; Mounting and initial operation; Project development; Planning
exercises and software utilisation. The slides are not accompanied by explanatory text; it is assumed that the course
instructor has sufficient knowledge to undertake the training. Therefore this training material acts as a starting point - the
quality and effectiveness of the training will depend more upon the course instructor and how he/she makes use of the
material, than the slides alone.

SOLARGE - Good Practice database


AUTHOR(S): SOLARGE Project Consortium, 2008
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Suppliers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Heating | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
The aim of the SOLARGE project is to open the market to large solar thermal systems through provision of training,
information and communication materials. This particular tool is a database of good practice, providing information
on the success factors of existing solar thermal plants throughout Europe. It is intended for those involved in the
planning, building and running of large solar thermal plants, and aims to provide practical guidance to ensure the
optimal success of new plants. The projects are presented in a comparable format, and searches can be made by
country, plant size, or by building type (including multi family houses, hotels, hospitals and sports centres). As well
as a description of the project’s characteristics, financing, development and technical issues, specific information is
given on success factors of the plant, including solutions found to problems that were encountered. Each project’s
datasheet can be downloaded from the website. This is an excellent resource for those involved with planning solar
thermal plants. One minor drawback is that a few projects do not include all the information they are supposed to,
but as there are over 150 entries there should still be enough information to aid decision-making. The full database
is in English only, but abridged versions are also provided in Danish, French, German, Italian, Dutch, Slovenian and
Spanish, giving only examples from their respective countries.

SOLARGE: Solar heat for large buildings – guidelines and practical


examples for apartment buildings, hotels and business
AUTHOR(S): SOLARGE project consortium, 2006, 72 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances

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The aim of the SOLARGE project is to open the market to large solar thermal systems through provision of training,
information and communication materials. This brochure is intended for building planners in the residential building, hotel
and local government sector who aim to make buildings ready for the ‘solar age’. It presents examples of large solar
thermal systems across Europe together with experience gathered in operating them. It covers: -Fields of application; -
Components; -System approaches; -Heating circuits; -Costs; -Planning procedures; -Solar air conditioning; -Best practice
catalogue of hot water systems, space heating systems and other applications. It aims to encourage similar projects and
invite replication, enabling planners to learn from past mistakes and successes.

SOLARGE-03-Promotion Campaigns (Berlin, Turin, Rome, and Slovenia) for


Collective Solar Thermal Systems
AUTHOR(S): SOLARGE project consortium, 2007
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Heating | Strategy Development
The aim of the SOLARGE project is to open the market to large solar thermal systems through provision of training,
information and communication materials. This guide presents a collection of successful promotional campaigns for
collective solar thermal systems (CSTS). It is aimed at public authorities and energy agencies, enabling them to promote
CSTS effectively through the inspiration of tried-and-tested methods, thereby supporting its introduction to the market.
There are four best practice examples: a combination of natural gas and solar heating in Berlin, Germany, aimed at
potential investors and operators; a large-scale solar thermal plant in Turin, Italy, aimed at investors and technicians;
large-scale solar thermal plants in Rome, Italy, aimed at investors, technicians and public administrators; municipal CSTS
implementation in Zagorje ob Savi, Slovenia, aimed at potential investors. These examples show how local communities
benefit from the positive and innovative ‘solar atmosphere’ in the housing sector. The components of this guide give
useful advice on how best to design promotional campaigns so they are well-tuned to real market barriers and the
opportunities existing in individual communities. Each example is available to read online on the SOLARGE website, as
well as in a downloadable pdf format.

SolCamp - Sunčevi toplinski sustavi za kampove (=SolCamp - Solar thermal


systems for camping sites)
AUTHOR(S): Robert Pašičko Daniel Rodik, 2007, 27 p.
LANGUAGE: HR
TYPE OF TOOL: Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Agencies | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Technologies/ Appliances | Training
The manual “Solar thermal systems for camping sites” has been developed within SolCamp, a European project to
provide Solar Energy for Camping sites. The main target groups of this document are camp owners and solar technologies
installers in Croatia. The conversion of solar irradiation into heat is one of the most efficient technologies using solar
energy. This manual provides detailed information on the state of the art, dimensioning of systems, costs and benefits
of the solar thermal systems for heating water at camping sites. The most important topics covered by this manual are:
(1) Planning and dimensioning of the solar thermal system for the camping site; (2) Installation of solar thermal systems;
(3) Costs and yields of the solar thermal system for the camping site. The manual contains many useful tips for the
implementation of the solar thermal system for the camping site.

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SolCamp - T*SOL camp - Software for dimensioning solar thermal systems


for camping sites
AUTHOR(S): Dr. Valentin EnergieSoftware GmbH, 2006
LANGUAGE: DE | EN | ES | HR | IT | PL | PT | SL
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Planning Tool | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Installers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Heating | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
The SolCamp project aimed to encourage the provision of Solar Energy for Camping sites. This simulation software
aims to help with calculations regarding the dimensioning of solar thermal systems for camping sites. The software
takes into account the special conditions at camping sites, such as the specific hot water demand profile. The software
including the manual is available in German, English, Polish, Slovenian, Croatian, Italian, Spanish and Portguese and
can be downloaded free of charge from Dr. Valentin EnergieSoftware GmbH as a demonstration version. However the
demonstration version is limited to only one system configuration and is only usable temporarily. The full version is
available for purchase via http://www.valentin.de/shop/tsolcamp.

SOLPOOL+-Common approach for the implementation of solar heating


systems for outdoor swimming pools in Europe
AUTHOR(S): Günter Schumacher, 2007, 21 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Industry
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
The report develops a common approach for campaigns to promote the use of solar heating systems for outdoor swimming
pools. This includes an assessment of barriers and funding in a number of countries, and suggestions for information to
be included in campaigns. A promotion methodology is developed to collect data about the existing conditions in this
field. A detailed overview is then developed on the technology in use for pool heating and available solar thermal systems.
The report then suggests developing reliable information about national and regional boundary conditions and barriers.
The report then describes the expected markets and existing financial support for solar thermal pool heating systems.
Examples are provided to demonstrate funding schemes that could be transferred to other countries.

SOLPOOL+-Impact advisor
AUTHOR(S): Deutsche Gesellschaft für Sonnenenergie e.V., 2007, 4 p.
LANGUAGE: CS | DE | EL | EN | FR | HU | IT | SL
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Decision Support System | Energy Audit Model
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions | Energy consumption | Technologies/ Appliances
The Impact Advisor is a basic decision support tool that provides policymakers or investment decision-makers with basic
information on solar pool heating, including the calculation of dimensions, building and operation costs, economic gains,
energy savings and reduced CO2 emissions for solar pool systems in comparison to conventional heating methods. The Impact
Advisor offers a quick and easy first estimation, but does not replace detailed planning and accurated measurements.

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SOLPOOL+-State-of-the-art of outdoor swimming pool heating systems:
European summary report
AUTHOR(S): Günther Schumacher et al., 2007, 68 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Planning | Procurement | Technologies/ Appliances
This summary provides an overview of existing solar thermal technology for the heating of outdoor pools. It
summarises: state of the art local energy supply for outdoor pools; state of the art solar thermal applications
for outdoor pools; potential of solar thermal applications in outdoor swimming pools; barriers; best available
techniques; best practice; grant schemes; and case studies in a number of countries. Through identifying barriers,
a targeted campaign can be planned to help development of solar thermal technology for this purpose. The summary
also gives an overview of the market potential for solar thermal pool heating systems. By listing the state of the
art systems, those systems with the best performance can be identified and their suitability for implementation in
other pool heating systems can be demonstrated. The performance of the system, financial situation, technical
implementation and regional characteristics are taken into account. The summary also provides a list of case
studies, including information on the plant size and power.

SOLTHERM - Campaign guidelines


AUTHOR(S): Bart van der Ree et al., 2003, 84 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Heating | Strategy Development
This is a guide on how to enlarge the market for solar heating products. This report aims to provide recommendations
and guidelines for any party involved or interested in market enlargement actions for solar heating products in
Europe. These are based on the experiences of campaigns that have made a significant contribution to the growth
of the solar heating market in European countries in the past decade. This report provides guidance for campaigns
and market stimulation actions that can be initiated by various actors including local authorities, energy utilities,
consultants and energy agencies. The report also discusses opportunities for promotion and publicity for both the
demand side and the supply side, as well as guidance for quality management.

SOLTHERM - Database of solar thermal tools and guidebooks


AUTHOR(S): ECOFYS, BV, 2004
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Financing | Monitoring | Planning
This is a directory of reports and guidelines for tools and resources for market development campaigns of solar thermal
products. This is an extensive European database for tools and guidelines pertaining to solar thermal products. Subjects
like system design and application tools as well as guidelines to develop successful market campaigns based on the
combined experience of the national parties can be found in the database. This multi-language database is searchable
on-line. It is possible to choose from over 160 tools, model texts and materials that have proven useful in solar campaigns.

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These tools are shared and are commented on by a variety of market players throughout Europe. This database is
searchable by category of tool, user of tool, action and language.

Soltherm - Document technique relatif au solaire thermique (= Soltherm


– Technical document on solar heating)
AUTHOR(S): Ministère de la Région wallonne - Direction Générale des Technologies, de la recherche et
de l’Energie ed., 2004, 28 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Installers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Technologies/ Appliances
This document aims to fully inform technicians about issues related to solar technology, including types of sensor,
reservoirs and regulations. Each piece of equipment is presented with efficiency graphics and calculations.

SOLTHERM - European market report


AUTHOR(S): Bart van der Ree et al., 2003, 81 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Industry | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Heating | Planning | Strategy Development
This guide analyses the EU solar heating market and provides advice and guidance on how to create and support the
market. It is a synthesis of thirteen Market Analysis Reports – for ten European countries and three specific regions.
It highlights the main patterns and characteristics in the European markets for solar heating products and analyses
how these markets have developed and the underlying factors that have influenced them. Measures to overcome non-
technical barriers to market introduction are discussed, including incentives, regulations and agreements. Opportunities
and potentials for new market actions and campaigns are also identified in this report.

Solvärme för campingplatser (=Solar Energy for Campsites)


AUTHOR(S): Svenska solenergiforeningen et al., 4 p.
LANGUAGE: SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Developers | Energy Managers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
This short guide provides information on integrating solar power into various facilities at a campsite. It describes the types of
solar panels that are likely to be most suitable for different uses on campsites, for example for heating swimming pools and
tap water.

Solvarmekalkulator (=Solar heat calculator)


AUTHOR(S): Solvarme Center, 2008, 1 p.
LANGUAGE: DA

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Renewable Energy

Solar
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances
This calculator provides the user with rough estimates on the solar energy produced from medium-sized solar power
systems and their costs, based on inputted data. The data to be input consists of the average yearly water use, the area
of the solar panel (the tool automatically estimates the recommended heat storage container), the angle of the solar
panel, the type of building and so on. The calculator then estimates the amount of solar power used (kWh/year) and how
it compares to hot water boilers.

STEP FORWARD - A general guideline for marketing campaigns on solar


systems
AUTHOR(S): Ludwig Karg et al., 2005, 91 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
The Step Forward project has produced resources for market development campaigns for solar thermal products. They
will be of interest to public authorities, NGOs and energy agencies, and any other actors involved in the solar sector who
wish to establish or improve a network. The Step Forward guidelines advise on the development and implementation of
regional solar campaigns and networks. It covers network partners, organisation and financing, public relations, consulting
and training, special offers and model projects and innovations. The Step Forward brochure combines information from
three sets of national and international initiatives, all of which involved setting up and implementing local and regional
marketing campaigns for the promotion of solar thermal applications, mainly for hot-water, but also for space heating and
cooling. Through these examples, other awareness-raising campaigns on solar power can be implemented.

Warmte uit zonlicht (= Heating from the sun)


AUTHOR(S): ODE-Vlaanderen, Ministerie van de Vlaamse Gemeenschap Afdeling Natuurlijke
Rijkdommen en Energie (ANRE) ed., 2005, 32 p.
LANGUAGE: NL
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Developers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Buildings | Technologies/ Appliances
These technical guidelines illustrate renewable energy technologies and explain how to implement them in the building
sector. They provide concrete tips on self-producing solar energy and a guide for installing solar panels on houses. They
also provide a long list of relevant websites and useful addresses in the Flanders region of Belgium.

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Transport Biofuels (Supply Side)


This section includes tools and guidebooks focusing on the supply side of biofuels for use in transport,
including resource and land use planning aspects. For biofuels applications on the demand side see also
the Transport theme, Alternative Fuels and Vehicles section or by using the advanced search to view a
wider set of results by target audience, keyword, type of tool, country or language.

AGRIFORENERGY-Biofuel production by farmers (introductory guidebook)


AUTHOR(S): Agriforenergy Consortium, 2006, 12 p.
LANGUAGE: DE | EN | IT | RO | SK | SL
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Farmers/Forestry | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Resource assessment | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
This guidebook for farmers and forest owners provides tips on how to get involved in the production of biofuels. The
involvement of European farmers in the biofuel market is mainly limited to the role of a raw material supplier for the
production of biodiesel or bioethanol. However, successful examples from Austria show that farmers are able to open up
a new area of business as a regional supplier of biofuels such as biodiesel, pure vegetable oil or biogas. This guidebook
aims to increase the number of farmers and forest owners involved in producing biofuels. It also helps farmers to take
advantage of new subsidies under the Common Agricultural Policy to grow biofuel crops. The guidebook discusses the
state of biofuels in Europe, biofuel production technologies, biomass feedstocks for biofuel production, and increasing
biomass supply, and concludes with best practice examples to encourage increased biofuel production.

BIODIESEL CHAINS - Biocarburants, maximisons les bénéfices: Manifeste


de ValBiom pour un développement harmonieux des biocarburants
(=BIODIESEL CHAINS - Maximising the benefits of biofuels: ValBiom’s
manifesto for the harmonious development of biofuels)
AUTHOR(S): Valérie Thiels Jean-Marc Jossart, 2007, 25 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Resource assessment | Strategy Development
This report is concerned with maximising the advantages of biofuels to increase their attractiveness as an alternative fuel
option and thus advance their uptake. It addresses: energy diversification, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, deforestation,
environmental agricultural impacts, price impacts, agricultural potential, socio-economic impacts, and rational use of
energy (RUE). It is aimed at policy makers, and intends to aid the construction of a policy framework for the development
of biofuels. This guide has a strong focus on the advantages of biofuels, which perhaps limits its value as an objective
policy making guide when not consulted in conjunction with other sources, but does make it a good resource for promoting
biofuels to sceptical or uninformed audiences.

BIODIESEL CHAINS - Emerging best practice


AUTHOR(S): Guido Reinhardt et al., 2007, 56 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System

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TA R G E T P U B L I C : Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Planning | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
The objective of the Biodiesel Chains project is to promote favourable conditions to establish a market for biodiesel
within countries making limited progress in this task: Greece, Belgium, Poland, Cyprus, Romania and Bulgaria. This report
collates information on emerging best practices and commercialisation of biodiesel in leading European Member States,
with the aim of helping them to be adapted and transferred to participating countries. It will be of interest to policy makers,
technology suppliers and energy suppliers. The report includes case studies from Germany, Austria, Poland, France and
the United Kingdom, providing examples of drivers and barriers experienced in countries whose markets for biodiesel are
already more established. These case studies are reviewed, analysed and discussed in the context of best practice for
legislative, economic and informational measures. The summary of main barriers and drivers is a useful addition to this
experience pool which can be consulted in the context of designing strategies to promote biodiesel.

BIODIESEL CHAINS - Etat des biocarburants en Belgique et propositions


(=BIODIESEL CHAINS - The state of biofuels in Belgium and
recommendations for the future)
AUTHOR(S): Jean-Marc Jossart Chée de Namur, 2007, 27 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
K E Y W O R D S: Planning | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
This report provides an analysis of biofuels in Belgium. It is aimed at those involved with policy making, and advises them
on legislative needs and measures to increase biofuel use. It discusses current European and Belgian legislation relevant
to biofuels; examines biofuel production and markets, including feedstock production and biofuel processing, public
transport and vehicle construction; the impact biofuels have on carbon dioxide emissions; the socio-economic impacts of
biofuels; and provides recommendations for legislative action and financial incentives to improve the market and increase
the use of biofuels. It is most relevant for Belgium because the recommendations are based on a discussion of the Belgian
biofuel market, but there are some more transferable elements which could prove useful to readers in other countries,
such as socio-economic impacts of biofuels and recommendations to improve communication to the public.

BIODIESEL CHAINS - EU-27 biodiesel report: legislation and markets


AUTHOR(S): Raffaello Garofalo, 2007, 102 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities | SMEs
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Planning | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
The objective of the Biodiesel Chains Project is to promote favourable conditions to establish a market for biodiesel within
countries making limited progress in this task: Greece, Belgium, Poland, Cyprus, Romania and Bulgaria. This particular
report provides an outline of all legislation regarding measures for the promotion of biofuels, biodiesel production and
markets in the EU-27 countries. A summary of the situation for the European Union in general is given, before chapters
addressing each EU-27 country separately. The same structure is followed throughout: - Legislative measures for promotion
of biofuels, including background, recent developments, legislation, taxation and other supporting measures; - Biodiesel
production and markets, discussing the market in general, feedstock, standards, and research and development. This is
a useful resource for those involved in the expansion of biofuel markets, for example: policy makers, technology suppliers
and feedstock producers.

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BIODIESEL CHAINS - Market structures


AUTHOR(S): Guido Reinhardt et al., 2007, 65 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Planning | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
The objective of the Biodiesel Chains Project is to promote favourable conditions to establish a market for biodiesel
within countries making limited progress in this task: Greece, Belgium, Poland, Cyprus, Romania and Bulgaria. This
particular report provides information to further the creation of country-specific favourable conditions to increase market
penetration of biodiesel in the participating countries. Areas covered include: - Policies and regulations; - Raw material
supply; - Biodiesel producers; - End users; - International trade. No concrete recommendations are made, as the country-
specific nature of the problems prevents a ‘one size fits all’ solution. This does not, however, render the guide useless;
on the contrary, it highlights the importance of adjusting approaches to make them appropriate for their destination to
ensure success.

BIODIESEL CHAINS - Strategy formation: SWOT analysis


AUTHOR(S): Dimitris Glekas et al, 2007, 34 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Evaluation System | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Planning | Resource assessment | Strategy Development
The objective of the Biodiesel Chains Project is to promote favourable conditions to establish a market for biodiesel within
countries making limited progress in this task: Greece, Belgium, Poland, Cyprus, Romania and Bulgaria. This particular
report provides guidance on SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) for a biodiesel development
strategy. The aim is to provide a resource for creating a favourable policy framework to promote biodiesel. It includes:
- An introduction to SWOT analysis, its purpose and methodology; - A general SWOT analysis for a biodiesel; - Country-
specific SWOT analyses for the aforementioned countries. This is a useful guide for policy makers as it provides a general
overview of advantages and disadvantages of biodiesel as compared to conventional diesel, enabling them to make
informed decisions.

BIOFUEL MARKETPLACE - Biofuel SWOT - analysis


AUTHOR(S): Dominik Rutz Rainer Janssen, 2007, 21 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
This guide was created by the Biofuel Marketplace Consortium, which aims to promote biofuel technologies, raise
awareness, disseminate research findings and help to reduce European dependency on conventional fuels. This guide
presents several SWOT analyses (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) comparing biofuels to fossil fuels,
and comparing different biofuel options with one other. The following biofuels are assessed: Biofuels and Fossil Fuels,
Bioethanol, Lipid Derived Biofuels, Biomethane, BtL Fuels (biomass-to-liquid) and Bio-Hydrogen. The guide claims that
through the use of a qualitative assessment tool such as SWOT analysis, which presents pros and cons without passing
judgement, this work can serve as an objective base for discussing best options for future transport fuels. It provides
interested parties with a platform from which to build a favourable policy framework to promote biofuels.

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BIOFUEL MARKETPLACE - Biofuel Technology Handbook
AUTHOR(S): Dominik Rutz Rainer Janssen, 2008, 152 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
This comprehensive handbook was created by the Biofuel Marketplace Consortium which aims to promote biofuel
technologies, raise awareness, disseminate research findings and help to reduce European dependency on conventional
fuels. The aim of this handbook is to contribute to diminishing existing barriers to the broad use of biofuels by informing
politicians, decision makers, biofuel traders and all other relevant stakeholders about state-of-the-art biofuels and related
technologies. The first section covers: biomass potential, biofuel policies and the biofuel life cycle. The second section
gives detailed descriptions of the large variety of feedstock types and conversion technologies, including both first and
second generation biofuels: bioethanol, biodiesel, pure plant oil, and biomethane; and BtLfuels (biomass-to-liquid fuels),
biohydrogen and bioethanol from ligno-cellulose. The third section discusses the future of biofuels: first versus second
generation options, integrated refining concepts and strategies for new vehicle technologies. This is a brilliant resource
for those involved in policy making, enabling them to make informed decisions with regard to alternative fuels such as
biofuels.

BIOFUEL MARKETPLACE - The biofuel market in Austria – prospects for


central eastern Europe
AUTHOR(S): Doris Wirth, 2006, 34 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
The Biofuel Marketplace Consortium aims to promote biofuel technologies, raise awareness, disseminate research
findings and help to reduce European dependency on conventional fuels. This guide examines the biodiesel market,
mostly in relation to Austria, but with applicability to other countries in the region. It is intended for public authorities,
aiming to encourage them to take up biofuels for applications within their remit - for example public transport, as in the
given example of best practice of a converted bus fleet in Graz. Whilst it is only a short presentation, the information
provided is useful, particularly the section on future prospects for biofuels within central eastern European countries,
and the model business plan. It enables those in decision-making capacities to make informed choices about fuel and
provides them with a blueprint to follow to make the change.

Bio-NETT-Biofuels in the European Union: a vision for 2030 and beyond


AUTHOR(S): Biofuels Research Advisory Council, 2006, 32 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Resource assessment | Strategy Development
The Bio-NETT project aimed to develop a supportive framework for the growth of local biofuel markets for public sector
transport fleets across the EU, through capacity building, attitude change and awareness raising in the public sector, the
agricultural sector and the wider supply chain. This guidebook addresses issues relevant to EU biofuels policy, outlining

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a vision and a strategy to markedly increase the production and use of biofuels in the EU. It is aimed at policy makers,
biomass producers and biofuel producers. It includes an overview of the current situation and policy context; biofuels in
the current fuel mix; resource availability; biomass conversion technologies; challenges and opportunities for the future; a
vision for biofuels for 2030 and beyond; areas for strategic research; deployment (including a technology roadmap); and
recommendations. The recommendations are designed to enable achievement of the 2030 vision, in conjunction with the
scenarios and strategic guidance provided by the Biofuels Technology Platform. This is an optimistic guide, providing a
roadmap for increasing the production and consumption of biofuels in the EU. One shortcoming is that while the need for
sustainability is emphasised, no concrete advice is given on how this may be accomplished.

Carbon Labelling-Report on the present state of bio-diesel in Malta and


measures for its promotion
AUTHOR(S): Malta Resources Authority, 2007, 22 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Resource assessment | Strategy Development
The Carbon Labelling project presents methods to promote biodiesel use, disseminate information on the potential carbon
efficiency of biofuels and promote the concept of carbon labelling. This guide is aimed at policy makers and biomass and
biofuel producers. It examines the factors that hinder the penetration of biofuels in small countries in the EU-10, preventing
them from reaching targets set out in the Directive on the use of biofuels for road transport (2003/30/EC). The first section
introduces the main issues and scope of the project. The second section discusses major areas where limitations prevent
small EU Member States achieving the Biofuels Directive’s targets: raw materials; infrastructure; quality issues; economy
of scale; negative publicity; and competing sectors. The final section proposes measures to overcome these obstacles:
legislation; fiscal incentives; substitution obligations; and carbon labelling and public education. Although Malta is used
as a case study, the recommendations made are applicable to all Member States where the development of biofuels is
hindered by the small size of the country. This is a valuable guidebook whose focus on country size sets it apart from
similar literature on obstacles to biofuel development. This angle is hugely beneficial for Member States such as Malta,
enabling policy makers to understand the root cause of obstacles and overcome them.

PROBIO-Three-pronged strategy for the integrated promotion of the


biodiesel chain
AUTHOR(S): PROBIO project Consortium, 2007, 22 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities | Transport Operators
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Financing | Strategy Development
The PROBIO project set out to encourage integration between production and consumption in the biodiesel supply chain
throughout Europe. It proposes a three-pronged strategy of local market development initiatives, promotional activities
and training. This particular guidebook provides an action plan for public authorities and transport operators to implement
the PROBIO strategy. The suggested actions aim to resolve two main barriers: the lack of knowledge and information
among farmers which limits the raw material supply for biodiesel production; and the lack of awareness among the general
public, local authorities and transport related sectors. Recommendations include: a comparative study of energy crops
and cultivation practices, establishment and/or analysis of a waste oil collection network, tax cuts for biodiesel users,
inter-sectoral commercial agreements (between local authorities, large consumers and distributors), the creation of a
biodiesel ‘bonus card’scheme, training for farmers, mechanics and petrol station attendants, and promotional brochures,
exhibitions and articles. The guidebook is based on experiences in five European regions - three in Spain, one in Slovenia
and one in Italy. The recommendations are largely transferable to other regions and countries; the inclusion of five different

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regions allows for variability in local circumstances, thus ensuring a range of advice is given. A table at the end of the
brochure provides an excellent summary of the main recommendations.

Référentiel méthodologique pour la réalisation d’analyses de cycle de vie


appliquées aux biocarburants de première génération en France - Rapport
final (= Methodologic reference guidelines for Life Cycle analysis applied to
first generation biofuels in France. Final report)
AUTHOR(S): Poitrat E., 2008, 158 p.
LANGUAGE: FR
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Evaluation System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
K E Y W O R D S: CO2 emissions | Monitoring | Technologies/ Appliances
In the global context of a strong growth in the biofuels market, the issue of evaluation criteria such as greenhouse
gas emissions and comparison with non-renewable energy consumption is of key importance. In this situation, public
authorities need assessment tools and methodological references for analysing the impact of biofuels and resulting
changes in local air pollution. This decision support system does not provide a life cycle analysis of biofuels; it rather aims
to build a common tool with different experts to assess the impacts of biofuels in terms of greenhouse gas emissions,
energy consumption, and local air emissions.

REFUEL - Assessment of biomass potentials for biofuel feedstock


production in Europe: methodology and results
AUTHOR(S): Günther Fischer et al., 2007, 81 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Farmers/Forestry | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Resource assessment | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
The REFUEL project was designed to encourage a greater market penetration of biofuels. This particular study assesses
Europe’s biofuel feedstock production potential, based on various land use scenarios. It is aimed at decision-makers,
stakeholders and other actors involved in the planning and development of biofuels, and is intended to support decision
making through the illustration of potential future scenarios. It describes the Pan-European land resources database, and
the methodology employed to estimate future land availability, explains the assumptions made for the “high”, “low” and
“baseline” scenarios, and presents the results of the study. This study provides valuable guidance for decision-makers,
allowing them to base speculation about the outcomes of certain choices on realistic, well calculated scenarios.

REFUEL - Biofuels cost developments in the EU27+ until 2030: full-chain


cost assessment and implications of policy options
AUTHOR(S): H.M. Londo et al., 2008, 48 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Farmers/Forestry | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Financing | Resource assessment | Strategy Development

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The REFUEL project was designed to encourage a greater market penetration of biofuels. This report shows the results
of a full-chain analysis of the costs of different biofuels. It is aimed at policy makers, and intends to inform their decision
making with regards to future investment and development of biofuels. The effects of different levels of biofuel target
setting were analysed, as well as the impact of additional policy measures, such as a CO2 pricing mechanism and
specific subsidies. The guide takes a well rounded approach, following a clear structure: -Introduction; -Specification of
model assumptions and inputs; -Development of biofuels and impacts at different ambitions levels; -Analysis of impacts
of additional policy options; -Additional sensitivity analyses; -Key conclusions. This is a useful guide for policy makers,
enabling them to make well informed decisions based on realistic, well thought out scenarios and projections, ultimately
ensuring biofuels reach their potential as a viable alternative fuel of the future.

REFUEL - Biomass resources: potential and related costs


AUTHOR(S): M.P. de Wit A.P.C. Faaij, 2008, 59 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Farmers/Forestry | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Resource assessment | Strategy Development
The REFUEL project was designed to encourage a greater market penetration of biofuels. This report describes the
methodology followed to estimate the European domestic biomass resource potential and related costs. It does so for three
projection estimates concerning agricultural food production (lower, base, and higher). Furthermore, the concrete results
include spatial cost and dedicated bioenergy production potential overview for Europe (EU-27, Norway, Switzerland and
Ukraine). After an introduction to the topic in the first chapter, the second describes the methodology employed and the
input parameters. The third presents the resulting estimates for: -Available land for bioenergy crop production; -Biomass
resource cost-supply potential; -Spatial cost and supply. Chapter four considers the quality of data used and compares
key results to those of similar studies. The final chapter explains the implications of the results for policy development
particularly regarding: -the choice of first or second generation supply chain routes; -food and feed production and self
sufficiency; -agricultural productivity. It goes on to suggest further research into yield levels, sustainability and biodiversity,
and land use (change). This is a useful guide for policy makers, farmers and other stakeholders in biofuels development,
enabling them to better imagine potential future scenarios for land use and biofuel production, and thereby make more
informed decisions.

REFUEL: A qualitative analysis of policy instruments meant to promote


biofuels for transport
AUTHOR(S): Julia Hansson et al., 2007, 33 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Planning | Strategy Development
The REFUEL project was designed to encourage a greater market penetration of biofuels through the development of a
biofuels ‘roadmap’. The premise of this guidebook is that biofuels should be developed through policy instruments. Its
target audience is policy-makers, and it aims to contribute to their knowledge of policy instruments for the transportation
sector through the qualitative analysis of existing instruments designed to promote biofuels. The analysis is based on
a general characterisation of the instruments, which are evaluated according to their significance for selected political
objectives. This yields a systematic, theoretical summary and a qualitative comparison of the policy instruments. Section
two outlines the economic theory context for the policy instrument discussion, while section three discusses the analysis.
The final section gives a recommendations for developing policy instruments for biofuels. This is an excellent guidebook
for policy-makers wishing to further the implentation of biofuels; it acts as both a benchmarking tool and guidelines,
allowing the best policies to be identified by the analysis and implemented following the recommendations.

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REFUEL: Defining sustainability criteria for biofuels
AUTHOR(S): Marc Londo et al., 2007, 15 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Farmers/Forestry | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Quality schemes | Resource assessment
The REFUEL project was designed to encourage a greater market penetration of biofuels through the development of
a biofuels ‘roadmap’. The objective of this guide is to define sustainability criteria for biofuels production and use, that
Member States can effectively implement alongside national biofuel targets. It is aimed at policy makers. It outlines five
elements for sustainable biofuel production and use: greenhouse gas savings; environmentally sound agriculture and
forestry management systems; preservation of special value landscapes; safeguard concerns over social impacts and
limit market distortions; and integration with food, feed and various materials production. Monitoring the effects of land
use and land use change is discussed, followed by advice for the encouragement of second generation biofuels. Finally,
futher actions for reaching the 10% target in 2020 are discussed. This guide provides useful advice for policy makers,
enabling them to make well-informed decisions on the crucial issue of biofuel sustainability.

Theoretical ethanol yield calculator


AUTHOR(S): US Department of Energy, 2006, 2 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Farmers/Forestry | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
K E Y W O R D S: Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances
This tool is designed to calculate the theoretical yield of ethanol from a potential feedstock of biomass. From the dry
matter weight fraction of polymeric sugars, this calculator will determine the theoretical yield in gallons per dry ton of
feedstock. These calculations can be based on the Biomass Feedstock Composition and Property Database, other data
sources, or the user’ s own research to determine the dry matter weight fraction of polymeric sugars. The values are then
inserted into the calculator to obtain an approximation of the theoretical yield. Depending on feedstock and process,
actual yield could be anywhere from 60% to 90% of the theoretical yield suggested by the calculator. The tool warns that
achieving high yield may be costly, so lower yield processes may often be more cost effective.

ThermalNet: Economy of biomass-to-Liquids (BTL) plants: an engineering


assessment
AUTHOR(S): Harold Boerrigter, 2006, 29 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Farmers/Forestry | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Financing | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
The ThermalNet project aimed to create a European network for biomass pyrolysis, gasification and combustion, and
a forum to review and help resolve barriers that may be encountered in implementing these conversion technologies.
This report endeavours to discover ‘the (economic) optimum scale for BTL (biomass-to-liquids) fuel production’. To
achieve this the production costs of Fischer-Tropsch (FT) diesel were calculated as a function of the plant scale. A simple
engineering approach was then used to determine the investment costs. This guide is aimed at those involved in setting
up BTL plants, such as technology suppliers, energy suppliers and installers. The introduction deals with biofuel targets,

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potential markets for both first and second generation biofuels, implementation and the economy. The second chapter is
concerned with the capital investment of GTL (gas-to-liquids) plants, BTL plants and FT synthesis downstream of existing
plants. The third chapter on BTL diesel production costs examines gasification, pre-treatment, biosyngas conditioning
and FT synthesis, as well as the impacts of transport, scale and biomass price on the cost of BTL diesel production. This
guide informs the decision-making and design processes preceding the establishment of a BTL plant, enabling the plant
to be as efficient and effective as possible.

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Tools and Guidebooks
ACCESS-Existing standards for biomass fuels and biomass and solar
technologies
AUTHOR(S): ACCESS Consortium, 2007, 64 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | CS | EN | HU | RO | SK
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Installers | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Quality schemes | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
This report aims to promote the development of European standards for wood chips, wood briquettes and pellets and
small-scale technologies for use of solar and biomass energy for hot water and/or space heating. The intention is to
accelerate the adoption of European standards by producers of these technologies and fuels, and to stimulate the
demand for standardised products by distributors and technology installers. A list of standards is included for biofuel and
solar power at the European level. Standards for biomass fuels are also identified from Germany, Austria, Sweden, Italy,
Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia. Recommendations for improving national standards are
provided, based on an assessment of the differences between the national and European standards.

ACCESS-Guidebook for combined solar thermal and biomass fired heating


systems
AUTHOR(S): Charalampos Malamatenios et al., 2007, 114 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | EN | RO
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Financial Operators | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Financing | Planning | Strategy Development
This guidebook outlines the techonolgical, economic and environmental benefits of solar thermal systems, biomass small-
scale heating systems and the combination of both. It aims to increase the knowledge of energy users about the planning,
implementation, maintenance and operation of these types of heating systems and discusses how to address the higher
initial financial investment in comparison to fossil fuel heating systems. Descriptions are provided of demonstration plants
as an example for future projects.

ACCESS-Guidelines and recommendations on Financing schemes for small-


scale biomass and solar heating
AUTHOR(S): ACCESS Consortium, 2007, 97 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | CS | EN | HU | RO | SK
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Financial Operators | Public Authorities | Technology Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
K E Y W O R D S: Awareness Raising | Financing | Procurement | Technologies/ Appliances
This report gives an overview of the financial mechanisms and sources applied to small-scale biomass and solar hot water
and heating technologies in most EU Member States, and offers recommendations as to how they could be improved.

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In this way it aims to contribute to the large scale market penetration of these technologies. This report is a review of
Europe-wide policy strategies (including EU policies) and promotion schemes, covering tax incentives, national, EU,
or other financial support, grants, preferential bank loans, and third party financing. The report analyses the financing
schemes and sources in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia. Opportunities to improve the
application of the existing financing regime and to introduce new financing options have been identified and elaborated.

ACCESS-Method for the identification of optimal solar-biomass combined


schemes
AUTHOR(S): ACCESS Consortium, 2007, 2 p.
LANGUAGE: BG | CS | EN | HU | RO | SK
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Decision Support System | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
This is an interactive software application to support the optimal design of solar-biomass systems by providing calculation
tools for the assessment of technical and economical aspects of such systems. It is available to use online (Flash Player
required). Users familiar with the subject should be able to use the tool immediately, while others are advised to follow
the theoretical treatment of the subjects and/or topics of interest in order to familiarise themselves with the factors
involved in the analysis. The application follows structured steps to perform an estimation of the following: sun geometry,
local irradiance, monthly & annual solar fraction, and system economics. The user can begin exploring the application
by selecting one of the city locations already in the database, while the open architecture of the application offers the
flexibility to perform the above calculations for any location, as long as the user possesses all the necessary data.

ACCESS-Searchable database of biomass and solar companies


AUTHOR(S): ACCESS Consortium, 2007.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Planning Tool | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Installers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Procurement | Technologies/ Appliances
This is a searchable database of contact information for biomass and solar companies in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic,
Hungary, Romania and Slovakia. Searches can be made by company name, country, type of activity (manufacturer/
producer, distributor/supplier, ESCOs, associations, design/consultants/development, public entities/planning research
and development), or by technology type (solar water heating, solar space heating and cooling, combined solar thermal
and biomass, biomass boilers and stoves, pellets, woodchips, briquettes and ground heat pumps). There is also a place
to search by product based on the name or by type of project undertaken.

Checklist on renewable energy installations in Lithuania: costs, prices,


case-studies
AUTHOR(S): Renewable Energy Lithuania, 2003.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Decision Support System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Financial Operators | Installers
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Quality schemes | Resource assessment | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances

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The aim of this tool is to provide quick access to information about existing renewable energy installations, prices, costs,
and capacities in Lithuania. The tool covers: wind, geothermal energy installations, biomass and biogas installations,
hydro and solar installations. For each type of installation, the maps show the location of installed projects in Lithuania.
By clicking a symbol of an existing installation on the map, information appears organized in a table. The following details
of the plant are typically included: Type of renewable energy source; Installed thermal capacity (MW); Investments (Lt/kW);
Heat energy cost (Lt/GJ); Fuel price (Lt/GJ); Energy price (Lt/GJ); Operation and maintenance costs (Lt/GJ); Payback
period (years). There is also a contact address for each plant. A diagram showing the share of energy from wood, straw,
and peat of the total amount of renewable energy in the country is available as well. In addition, the checklist includes both
summarized data from case studies and detailed information about each case study. Case studies of biomass and biogas
installations are presented on a map of Lithuania and a table gives a detailed description. A general advantage of the
tool is easy access and concise information on renewable energy installations throughout Lithuania. It can be accessed
through the Lithuanian-Danish web portal where all knowledge in the field of local and renewable energy sources in
Lithuania is presented.

CLEAN-E - Integration of measures in the field of RES-H/C (heating and


cooling using renewable energy sources) into the scope of green power
labels
AUTHOR(S): Veit Bürger et al., 2006, 52 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Cooling | Heating | Quality schemes
The Clean Energy Network for Europe (CLEAN-E) project is concerned with the design and implementation of green
energy labels. Aimed primarily at energy suppliers, this planning tool provides guidelines for the integration of renewable
energy sources for heating and cooling (RES-H/C) into the scope of green electricity labelling schemes. The main areas
covered are as follows: current attitude towards RES-H/C in the EU; reasons for integration; experiences of integration:
case study of Australia; scope, eligibility and additionality; guidelines for successful integration. This report informs energy
suppliers of the issues surrounding the integration of RES-H/C into green electricity labelling schemes. Under certain
circumstances the integration of such measures might be a reasonable and effective add on to increase the effects of
a green power label in terms of environmental power and economical efficiency. The provided guidelines enable energy
suppliers to pursue such integration if perceived to be beneficial.

CLEAN-E - Overview of existing green power labelling schemes


AUTHOR(S): Heikki Willstedt et al., 2006, 152 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Quality schemes
The Clean Energy Network for Europe (CLEAN-E) project is concerned with the design and implementation of green energy
labels. This comprehensive guide informs energy agencies, labelling organisations and public authorities on existing and
intended green power labelling schemes. It provides: An introduction to green electricity labelling schemes, including
eligibility criteria, a definition of additionality and scheme administration advice; A discussion of the market impact of the
analysed labels; Information on compatibility with the Eugene Standard; A chapter dedicated to the list of programmes
and how they have been implemented, including 15 country case studies. The reader should gain a broad understanding
of green power labelling, equipping them to increase demand for electricity from renewable energy through the design of
new or improvement upon existing labelling schemes.

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CLEAN-E - Report on the interaction of green power labelling with


renewable energy policies
AUTHOR(S): Samantha Ölz et al., 2006, 86 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Quality schemes | Strategy Development
This guide discusses the main issues concerning the interaction of green electricity labels with renewable energy policies
and support mechanisms. It aims to inform energy suppliers, labelling organisations and public authorities, and can
be used as a handbook for the appropriate structuring of green power products and labelling standards. The guide
provides a detailed discussion on the interactions with: Support mechanisms (feed-in tariffs, including case studies on
Austria and Spain, and quota obligations, including case studies on the UK and Italy) and National and EU-level policies
(GoO: Guarantee of Origin, for RES-E (electricity generated from renewable energy sources) and high efficiency CHP
(combined heat and power), Electricity Disclosure, RECS: Renewable Energy Certification System, including a case
study on The Netherlands, ETS: Emissions Trading Scheme). Each section briefly introduces the mechanism or policy in
question, outlines possible synergies and negative implications, and closes with recommendations. This enables both
policy makers and labelling organisations to work towards maximising the growth of RES-E while minimising negative
interactions with policy instruments.

Development of an internet based tool for pre-feasibility studies of RES


applications in EU countries-ERI software tool
AUTHOR(S): Exergia S.A., 2000.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Calculation Tool | Feasibility Model
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | SMEs
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Planning | Resource assessment | Strategy Development
ERI software is a tool for the performance of pre-feasibility assessments of renewable energy projects. Its primary objective
is to provide support to individual investors, SMEs and governmental authorities, in the investigation of the viability of
specific small and medium size RES applications. ERI focuses on commercially exploitable energy sources, covering
a wide range of typical applications. These energy sources include: 1.Wind Energy, 2.Solar Systems, 3.Small Hydros,
4.Photovoltaics, 5.Biomass Energy, 6.Geothermal Energy. The software will provide the user two main categories of
results: 1.technical (i.e. calculation of energy production or energy savings) and 2.economic/ financial including economic
viability indices and cash flow analysis. Finally, ERI provides an extensive set of Data Libraries that the user can update
and use during the investment data definition. A demo version is available from the links provided below. To download the
full software the user must complete a registration form here: http://www.erisoftware.net/eri_main_frame2.htm

EARTH - Environmental and ecological impact assessment of renewable


energy projects
AUTHOR(S): RES Integration Consortium, 2007, 70 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Evaluation System | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Agencies | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances

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This guide deals with numerous issues in relation to environmental and ecological impact assessment of renewable
energy applications. Environmental effects of the technologies are presented through a short outline of the development
of each technology and description of potential technology effects on the environment and ecology. For the technologies,
this description contains listing of separate impacts during construction and operation and decommissioning, separate
impacts that are harmful or beneficial or negligible to the environment, and receiving habitats, and habitat characteristics
which are vulnerable to change. This report looks at regions in Albania, Germany, Macedonia, Greece, Italy and Serbia.

ELREN - Renewable Energy Network Training Manual


AUTHOR(S): LAG Vastese Inn, 2005, 250 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Structural funds
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Technologies/ Appliances | Training
This online training manual is a deliverable of the European LEADER+ Renewable Energy Network (ELREN) project. The
ELREN Project aims to: facilitate exchange among LEADER+ Local Action Groups throughout the EU on technical know-
how, application experiences, basic commercial information and co-operation opportunities in the fields of Production
of Energy from Renewable Sources (REprod) and on Energy Performance of Buildings (EnSav); encourage application
of microtechnologies in rural areas by local public institutions and agencies, SMEs and private households; and to
disseminate basic information on renewable energy (RE) country policies, applicable legislation and available funding /
incentives. This manual includes chapters on renewable energy terminology; solar geothermal energy; solar photovoltaic
energy; solar thermal energy; wind energy; hydro energy; anaerobic digestion; wood energy; liquid biofuels; business
planning and finance; participation, consultation and planning; energy policy and legislation; and country reports for Italy,
the Netherlands and Spain. Each chapter can be downloaded separately on registering with the website. The manual was
used for instructing trainers from several partner countries on Renewable Energy and is published as a basic information
document.

ELVA - Management model for RES [renewable energy source] heat market
assessment
AUTHOR(S): The ELVA Consortium, 2007, 103 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Heating | Procurement | Strategy Development
The objective of the ELVA project was to establish a local value chain for renewable heat. This guide presents a specifically
adapted model to assist local authorities as major stakeholders involved in renewable heat market development in their
decision-making processes. It incorporates elements from two well known management models such as Michael Porter’s
“Value Chain” and the “EFQM Excellence model” (EFQM is the European Foundation for Quality Management). This report
comprises five sub-reports dealing with different aspects of the ELVA model: an overview of the model’development
process; how to carry out ELVA self assessment; how to carry out ELVA multi-category value chain assessment; validation
of the quality of the model; validation of the self assessment element. The first three sub-reports are the most useful
to public authorities as they provide practical advice on implementing the model; the final two provide justification for
the model’s design. This is an unusual tool whose attempts to apply business management thinking to renewable heat
technologies enables local authorities to play an active role in establishing a local value chain for renewable heat, with the
ultimate aim of increasing profitability and thus dissemination.

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Enthuse - Planners and renewable energy guide


AUTHOR(S): ENTHUSE Consortium, 2002, 2 p.
LANGUAGE: DA | EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Checklist | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
This guide suggests ways in which planners can promote renewable energy. It refers to relevant planning documents and
gives renewable energy technology specific information for passive solar, solar hot water, photovoltaics, hydropower,
wind power and biomass. Guidance on costs, energy output and resource requirements is also provided. The document
also provides a short checklist of things that planners should take into account when evaluating renewable energy
installations. This document is available in English and Danish. Each document provides information about the national
policies for the UK and Denmark, respectively.

ETRES - Priority Consideration for the Integration of the Most Suitable


Renewable Energy Support Mechanisms in the Greek Electricity Sector
AUTHOR(S): Greek Association of Renewable Electricity Producers, 2004, 14 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU LIFE
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions | Electricity | Technologies/ Appliances
This guidebook is a summary of priority considerations for the integration of the most suitable RE (renewable energy)
support mechanisms in the Greek electricity sector. It assesses issues raised by EU Directive 2001/77/EC on electricity
from renewable energy sources (RES). It analyses the situation regarding RES in Greece and gives recommendations to
Greek authorities on how to accommodate commercial RES investment in the country. The EU Directive sets a target
for Greece to meet 20.1% of its total electricity demand from renewables (including large hydro) by the year 2010, and
the guidebook suggests that this target is realistic, taking into account the RES potential of the country, especially
its wind energy potential, and the high level of expressed interest of Greek and international companies to invest in
renewables in Greece. The guidebook then highlights Greece’s failure currently to achieve any kind of sustained drive
in RES development, mentioning that very few new RE installations are planned in the near future and, in particular, the
construction of new wind farms has come to an almost complete stop. Against this background of RES development
efforts, Greece is also failing seriously in meeting its Kyoto commitments. The guidebook outlines the obstacles to
RES in Greece but gives recommendations on steps to overcome these obstacles. It also has a section on potential
improvements to the current RE support framework.

ETRES - RES-Financial support mechanisms in Greece: Guidelines for


investors
AUTHOR(S): Nicholas P. Vassilakos, 2004, 12 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Financial Operators | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU LIFE
KEYWORDS: CO2 emissions
These guidelines aim to provide information on the RES (Renewable Energy Sources) financial support scheme in Greece
and target the RES sector and its stakeholders. They are a useful introduction for readers who have limited knowledge of

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this scheme, and provide details and a wider context for those who have more experience. The guidelines comprise three
sections. The first section provides detailed information on the price-support component (feed-in tariffs) of the existing
RES financial-support scheme. The second section outlines the basic provisions (terms, conditions, requirements) of
the two principal investment-support instruments (capital subsidies for RES projects), namely the so-called National
Development Law and the Operational Programme for Competitiveness of the Third Community Support Framework
(CSF III). The third section summarises the major points (conclusions and recommendations) regarding the present and
future RES-financial support framework in Greece. These guidelines are a deliverable of the projec: Applying European
Emissions Trading and Renewable Energy Support mechanisms in the Greek electricity sector (ETRES).

GreenNet-EU27 - Action Plan: Guiding a least cost grid integration of RES-


Electricity in an extended Europe
AUTHOR(S): Hans Auer et al., 2007, 30 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool | Decision Support System | Tips
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Financing | Planning
This guide addresses the issues arising when integrating large scale RES-E (electricity produced from renewable energy
sources) into the grid. It is aimed at policy makers, and RES-E system operators. It examines: - Unbundling; - The role
of grid infrastructure; - Grid-related and RES-E system-related costs of grid integration; - The potentials and costs of
RES-E generation in Europe. The guide also includes a chapter describing a simulation software tool called GreenNet-
Europe, produced by the GreenNet Consortium. The software tool enables comparative, quantitative analysis of least-
cost methods for RES-E grid integration strategies in the European market. The successive chapter presents results on
least-cost scenarios for RES-E integration based on outcomes from GreenNet-Europe. The final chapter proposes policy
recommendations on how to reach the maximum possible share of electricity generation from RES in the European grids
with minimal costs to society. Note: the software tool is available free of charge on CD-ROM - see the ’Deliverables’
section on the GreenNet website for details of how to obtain a copy.

H-SAPS - Policies and recommendations report: market potential analysis


for introduction of hydrogen energy technology in stand alone power
systems
AUTHOR(S): H-SAPS Consortium, 2004, 9 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Strategy Development | Technologies/ Appliances
This report builds on findings in the evaluation of the market, technology and environment and the utilisation of hydrogen
to store renewable energy. The recommendations are mostly directed towards action by governments and the research
community but the role of industry is also identified. The recommendations include targeted market research, establishment
of individual cost targets, regulatory changes to facilitate alternative grid solutions, information and capacity building,
focused technology research, bridging the technology gaps and development of a CEN standard for Stand Alone Power
Systems (SAPS). This provides a methodology on how to evaluate the technology, market and environmental effects of
renewable energy use.

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H-SAPS-Demonstration project plan report: market potential analysis for


introduction of hydrogen energy technology in stand alone power systems
AUTHOR(S): H-SAPS Consortium, 2004, 16 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Suppliers | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
The H-SAPS project aims to establish a broad understanding of the technical and economic market potential for hydrogen
SAPS (Stand Alone Power System) based on local renewable energy sources. This report puts forward two stand-alone
power systems to be considered to become H-SAPS demonstration projects. Through the analysis of these two systems,
other projects can gain knowledge about how to implement such a system. The two systems were selected from the five
case studies carried out during the H-SAPS project. The report puts forward a generic project plan for how to implement
these demonstration projects. Distinctions are made between the two systems and the different lessons are identified.
The report then describes a generic demonstration project plan, which can be applied to each of the sites and to future
relevant sites.

ICOSAW-Concept for advanced training regarding the combination of sun


and wood
AUTHOR(S): ICOSAW Consortium, 2007, 28 p.
LANGUAGE: DE | EN | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Training Material
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Trainers/ Teachers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Strategy Development | Training
This document presents a methodology for setting up a training course for architects, craftsmen and associated trades on
the combination of modern wood fuelling systems with solar energy systems. It sets out a methodology for defining the
target groups and business partners, and also helps to develop the training course by providing suggestions for content
and training materials. The information provided is divided into the training concept, and then into basic knowledge and
specific knowledge for training. Sustainable energy concepts are often not included in the vocational training of heating
contractors and architects, and the training concept presented here is intended to remedy this situation.

K4RES-H - Financial incentive schemes for renewable heating and cooling


AUTHOR(S): European Renewable Energy Council, 2006, 22 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Financial Operators | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Financing | Heating | Planning
The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by
increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-
H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery; -
Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular tool aims to support
legislators, public authorities, NGOs and energy agencies with the design of effective financial incentive schemes (FIS)
for renewable heating and cooling (RES-H). The report is based on the analysis of specific studies on financial incentive
schemes for solar thermal, biomass and geothermal heating and cooling. It includes: - Justifications of FIS; - Outline of

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the market structure and barriers to growth; - A discussion of continuity as a decisive factor; Kinds of incentives; The
‘polluter pays principle’; Policies beyond FIS. This is a valuable source of guidance for best practice, allowing policy
makers to design effective FIS, with the end goal of enhancing the use of RES-H in Europe.

K4RES-H - Guidelines for reporting the energy delivery of individual RES-H


[heating from renewable energy sources] systems
AUTHOR(S): J.J. Bloem, 2007, 32 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Financial Operators | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Energy consumption | Heating
The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by
increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples,
K4RES-H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy
delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular document
provides guidance on the reporting of energy production and consumption from RES-H by different organisations, ranging
from industrial associations and national agencies, to local system installers and commercial organisations. The aim is
to collect comprehensive information and traceable data to assess the RES-H energy produced and consumed in the
European Member States. This guide covers: - Background information on RES-H; Solar thermal energy; - Geothermal
energy; Heat from Biomass. While acknowledging its limitations due to data scarcity, this guide does well to provide a
solid background to enable identification of the minimum information for reporting from individual RES-H installations.

K4RES-H - Quantification of energy delivery for financial incentives


AUTHOR(S): Christian Epp Andreas Lutz, 2007, 12 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Calculation Tool | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Suppliers | Financial Operators | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Energy consumption | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by
increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-
H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery;
-Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. The objective of this particular
report is to formulate a strategy for quantifying energy delivery for financial incentives based on the findings of the working
steps of K4RES-H. It summarises the main existing technologies and methodologies concerning: - Geothermal energy;
- Solar thermal energy; Heat from biomass. Financial incentive schemes are described and as well as an outline of how
to quantify energy delivery for such financial schemes.

K4RES-H - Regulations for renewable heating and cooling


AUTHOR(S): European Renewable Energy Council, 2007, 29 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Heating | Planning | Strategy Development

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Other Renewable Energy related tools and guidebooks

The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by
increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples,
K4RES-H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy
delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular tool
supports the design of effective regulations for renewable heating and cooling (RES-H) and is targeted at legislators,
public administrations, energy agencies, NGOs, industry associations, market actors and any person or institution
involved in the design and implementation of regulations promoting RES-H, at local, national and European level. It looks
both at best practice regulations and at administrative barriers hampering the development of RES-H, and is structured
as follows: - Reducing administrative barriers; - Renewable heat obligations: benefits, successful examples, minimum
requirements; - EU harmonisation of standards and certification procedures; National development plans: development
of national inventories of possible renewable energy resources, setting guidelines on RES-H. Each chapter closes with
recommendations. This is a useful tool for the advancement of RES-H in Europe, by enabling actors to design effective
regulations.

K4RES-H - Renewable heating: action plan for Europe


AUTHOR(S): ESTIF - European Solar Thermal Industry Federation et al., 2007, 24 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Heating | Technologies/ Appliances
The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by
increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples, K4RES-
H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy delivery;
-Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. This particular guide aims to
inform policy makers and stakeholders about renewable heat (RES-H). It presents integrated guidelines on: - Benefits of
RES-H; - Related policy measures; - Introduction to solar thermal; - Introduction to biomass; - Introduction to geothermal;
Barriers to growth of RES-H; Financial incentives; - Regulations; - Innovative applications; - Flanking measures; Targets
and statistical issues; Quantifying energy delivery. This is a well-presented guide that aims to serve as a blueprint for
strong and coherent RES-H policies, and to provide stakeholders and policy makers with detailed information and clear
guidelines based on the existing experience with policies to promote RES-H.

K4RES-H - Setting verifiable targets for RES-H [heat from renewable energy
sources]
AUTHOR(S): Christian Epp Andreas Lutz, 2007, 33 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Planners/Builders | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Heating | Planning | Strategy Development
The K4RES-H (key issues for renewable heat in Europe) project aims to support renewable heating and cooling by
increasing awareness of the sector. Through analysis of public policy and identification of best practice examples,
K4RES-H has developed concrete guidelines addressing the following areas: -Verifiable targets; -Quantifying energy
delivery; -Regulations; -Financial incentives; and -Innovative applications of RES-H technology. Aimed at policy makers,
this particular guide gives recommendations for a methodology to set verifiable targets for heat from renewable energy
sources (RES-H) technologies: solar thermal, biomass and geothermal. Each technology is discussed in its own chapter
- and readers may note these chapters are also available as separate documents, published under the K4RES-H project.
Overall this is a straightforward guide which enables policy makers to discuss RES-H targets with stronger statistical
knowledge.

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Other Renewable Energy related tools and guidebooks


PURE-European and national legislation
AUTHOR(S): EVE, 2006, 58 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Industry | Installers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Planning | Technologies/ Appliances
This document goes through the relevant policies and discusses how to incorporate Directive 2002/91/EC on the Energy
Performance of Buildings into the Member States’ legislation. In particular, this document collects relevant regulations and
standards concerning the integration of photovoltaics into the urban environment, in particular relating to grid-connection
and integration of photovoltaics systems in buildings (Building Integrated Photovoltaics, BIPV). This document provides
information on legislation on this topic at the EU and then Member State levels.

RECORA - Database on decisive parameters for renewable energy projects


AUTHOR(S): RECORA Consortium, 2007, _ p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Feasibility Model | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Developers | Energy Managers | Energy Service Companies (ESCO)
FUNDING: EU Interreg
KEYWORDS: Planning | Resource assessment | Technologies/ Appliances
This database compiles a set of legal, administrative, financial and economic parameters useful for assessing the
economic/financial feasibility of renewable energy projects. This tool was implemented by the RECORA (Renewable
Energy Cooperation of Rural Areas) initiative which focuses on the development of practical guidelines and tools to
assess, plan, and implement viable renewable energy projects. Project data is entered into the database which generates
the relevant information to assess its financial viability with regard to installation.

RECORA - Handbook of generic technical guidelines for renewable energy


sources
AUTHOR(S): József Hajdú, 2007, 184 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Feasibility Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Managers | Installers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Interreg
KEYWORDS: Technologies/ Appliances
In this handbook of generic technical guidelines the sources and characteristics of renewable energy are described including
tables with specific details on their energy efficiency and yield. This handbook is produced by RECORA (Renewable
Energy Cooperation of Rural Areas), an initiative of 7 partners from 5 countries supported by the EU programme Interreg
IIIC, whose main objective is to intensify the cooperation of rural areas concerning the use of renewable energies, focusing
on the economic uses of alternative energy sources. The handbook takes into account the latest ecological findings as
well as the most important issues in regional development policies of rural areas in Objective 1 regions. Different uses for
renewable energy are explained with the aid of illustrations and schematic diagrams of the technological processes. These
are followed by recommendations for technical-technological solutions. The handbook offers information on developing a
feasibility study. Short summaries of the feasibility studies which were undertaken in the project regions are also included.
The handbook ends with calculation tables and a list of references.

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks
Other Renewable Energy related tools and guidebooks

RETScreen International-Clean energy project analysis software


AUTHOR(S): Natural Resources Canada, 2004, _ p.
LANGUAGE: BG | CS | DA | DE | EL | EN | ES | FI | FR | HU | IT | NL | PL | PT | RO | SV
TYPE OF TOOL: Evaluation System | Feasibility Model | Simulation Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Service Companies (ESCO) | Energy Suppliers | Public Authorities
FUNDING: Local/Regional/National
KEYWORDS: Energy consumption | Evaluation | Planning
The RETScreen Clean Energy Project Analysis Software is a decision support tool developed to evaluate the energy
production and savings, costs, emission reductions, financial viability and risk for various types of Renewable-energy
and Energy-efficient Technologies. The Software facilitates project implementation by providing a common evaluation
platform for the various stakeholders involved in a project. This software hopes to reduce the cost of pre-feasibility
studies, disseminate knowledge to help people make better decisions, and train people to better analyse the technical
and financial viability of possible projects. The software includes product, project, hydrology and climate databases, a
detailed online user manual, and a case study based college/university-level training course, including an engineering
e-textbook. RETScreen can be used for feasibility studies; project lender due-diligence; market studies; policy analysis;
information dissemination; training; sales of products and/or services; project development & management; and product
development/R&D. This tool is provided in 30 different languages and must be downloaded and installed to be used.
Provided here is the general tool that can be utilised for analysis as well as a tool for each individual renewable energy
project type: ground source heating pump, wind, solar air heating, solar water heating, passive solar heating, photovoltaics,
biomass heating, small hydro, and combined heat and power. The individual tools are technology-specific, providing an
energy model, cost analysis, a greenhouse gas emissions analysis, and a financial summary.

RE-XPANSION-Recommendations for the selection of promotion strategies


for RES, which internalise external costs
AUTHOR(S): University of Flensburg, 2005, 71 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | NGOs | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Evaluation | Financing | Strategy Development
This guide recommends a selection of promotion strategies for renewable energy policies in order to internalise external
costs. It aims to address barriers to trade and increase harmonisation for the expansion of renewable energy in Europe
in the hope of encouraging and stabilising conditions for increased and improved investments. The report explains the
economic concept of external effects and why governments should act to internalise external costs. It also reviews various
studies that have quantified the external costs of energy supplies. Focusing on the ExternE project, which contains a
comprehensive methodology for the quantification of external costs of energy supply in the EU, the guide compares
the social costs (the sum of external and internal costs) of different energy supply systems in selected EU countries. It
discusses how the external costs of renewable energy can be internalised from the theoretical point of view, the policy
instruments available to achieve internalisation and how the instruments can establish a level playing field for all energy
supply technologies. Conclusions and recommendations on the future treatment of external costs in the shaping of
renewable energy policies are also discussed. - Calculation tool[FR]

Strategy for renewable electricity exploitation in Malta - Volume 2: policy


options
AUTHOR(S): Mott MacDonald, 2005, 72 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Blue Print/ Action Plan Model | Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual

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Other Renewable Energy related tools and guidebooks


TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Financial Operators | Public Authorities
FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Financing | Strategy Development
This guidebook is a review of support and financing mechanisms for the promotion of small and large scale renewable
installations in Malta. It is aimed at policy makers. It is intended to support public authorities in choosing appropriate financing
options to support the national target for generation of electricity from renewable energy sources (RES) in accordance
with the requirements of relevant EU directives. The document aims to provide a roadmap for the implementation of
support for the use of RES for electricity generation.

The Eugene Standard - technical document


AUTHOR(S): The European Green Electricity Network, 2006, 7 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Benchmarking Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Energy Agencies | Energy Suppliers
FUNDING: EU Intelligent Energy Europe
KEYWORDS: Electricity | Quality schemes
The Eugene Standard was developed by the European Green Electricity Network (Eugene) to be a quality benchmark
for green power tariffs in Europe, establishing a harmonised standard in order to inspire confidence in the integrity of
green electricity, thus increasing its dissemination. This benchmarking tool is intended primarily for Energy Suppliers,
but may also be of interest to Energy Agencies and Energy Managers. It aims to provide clear conformity criteria for
‘green electricity’ under the Eugene Standard. It defines terms and outlines eligibility criteria, covering: Label scope;
Eligible sources; Environmental additionality; Interaction with governmental legislation; Electricity and green fund balance;
Imports; Verification; Consumer information; Items for consideration in the future. This is a clear and concise document
that enables energy suppliers to effectively compare their current practice to the outlined criteria, adjusting their standards
as necessary in order to achieve the Eugene Standard.

Your guide to renewable energy in the home


AUTHOR(S): Sustainable Energy Ireland, _, 20 p.
LANGUAGE: EN
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Architects | Citizens | Planners/Builders
FUNDING: EU Structural funds
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Buildings | Technologies/ Appliances
This is a detailed guide to renewable energy in the home produced by Sustainable Energy Ireland (SEI). Energy is available
from a variety of renewable sources appropriate to our homes, including solar, geothermal, biomass, hydro and wind. This
guide gives information on those renewable sources including solar thermal systems, photovoltaics, ground source heat
pumps, biomass/wood, hydro, and wind. Relevant standards and useful contacts are provided at the end. It also gives
an introduction to each renewable source, explains how it works, describes the installation and gives details on payback
and maintenance.

Εγχειρίδιο Ανανεώσιμων Πηγών Ενέργειας για μαθ (=Book for college


students on Renewable Energy Sources)
AUTHOR(S): Hellenic Center of renewable energy sources (CRES), 2006, 21 p.
LANGUAGE: EL
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Training Material

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Intelligent Energy e-library of tools and guidebooks
Other Renewable Energy related tools and guidebooks

TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Agencies | Trainers/ Teachers


FUNDING: EU Altener / Save
KEYWORDS: Awareness Raising | Technologies/ Appliances | Training
This tool proposes an electronic book of 21 pages, explaining all about renewable energy sources (RES) to Greek college
students. Its main target groups are students and teachers. The main topics/themes covered are different technologies
and practices related to renewable energy. The usefulness of the book lies in the fact that it includes practical information
on renewable energy sources such as their origin, types of technologies and potential applications. Even though the text
is rather dense, it is illustrated with pictures, graphs and tables and is therefore a pleasant resource for college students.
Another strong point is that the text is comprehensive, including all important information on RES, supported by a table
of references at the end of the book.

Το Θεσμικό, Αδειοδοτικό και Χρηματοοικοκονομικa (=Decision Support


on the legislative, planning and financial framework for renewable energy
sources in Greece)
AUTHOR(S): Hellenic Center of renewable energy sources (CRES), 2005, 42 p.
LANGUAGE: EL
TYPE OF TOOL: Decision Support System | Guidebook/ Handbook/ Manual | Planning Tool
TA R G E T P U B L I C : Citizens | Energy Agencies | Energy Managers
FUNDING: EU LIFE
KEYWORDS: Financing | Planning | Strategy Development
This tool is a guidebook, which targets citizens, energy agencies and energy managers and aims to provide general information
on the implementation of renewable energy projects. The main topics covered are the legislative, planning and financial
procedures concerning the implementation of renewable energy technologies (RETs) in the Hellenic territories. The tool
consists of a 42-page pdf file which compiles all useful data concerning the implementation of RETs in a single document. In
more detail, the tool supports interested parties (such as energy planners, developers, financial institutions and even public
services) by giving an overview of the legislative, planning and financial framework concerning renewable energy technologies
in Greece, by explicitly explaining: a) all steps necessary to acquire a planning authorisation; b) all necessary information for
funding schemes and mechanisms; c) the overall Greek legislative framework related to these projects. Particular strengths of
the tool are the explicit graphs and figures and tables as well as the table of references.

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Notes

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EA-78-09-550-EN-C

© Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation (EACI) & European Communities 2008

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