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► RESEARCH METHODOLOGY & APTITUDE - DISCUSSION

NOUFAL PALATHINGAL

01. What is your view on educational research?

a) it is a futile activity for the teacher

b) it is an activity which contribute positively to the efficiency of education

c) it is an interesting activity for the researcher

d) it is an activity that adds to the insight of the researcher

02. Research aims at

a) control of concerned issues

b) understanding of concerned issues

c) probable solutions to concerned issues

d) predictions about concerned issues

03. For the conduct of a good research project, which of the following is most essential?

a) collective scholarship

b) a good research library

c) a penetrating and analytical mind

d) a touch of genius

04. The quality of research is best judged by

a) relevance of the results

b) methodology followed

c) competency of the researcher

d) experience of the researcher

05. A good researcher should collect data

a) relevant to the objectives formulated

b) suitable to what he wants to prove

c) from all possible sources

d) helpful to substantiate all the hypotheses formulated

06. The quality of research depends upon

a) availability of research facilities

b) use of advanced technology

c) commitment on the part of the researcher

d) training in research methodology


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07. On academic matters a researcher should

a) depend on his guide in all matters

b) be open minded and logical

c) consider himself as a master of the subject

d) always adhere to the routine practiced by researchers

08. A good researcher concentrates on

a) a specific area with a view to understand all minute details

b) several areas in order to understand the fundamental ideas

c) an area depending on manpower and funding available

d) any easy topic that would fetch results with least effort

09. Which one of the following is the most essential characteristic of a research worker?

a) sympathy b) open mindedness

c) systematic thinking d) emotional control

10. The most important quality of a researcher that would help to produce a useful work is

a) a general interest in research b) sound knowledge of research techniques

c) experience in conducting research d) deep interest in the problem area chosen

11. A good research always begins with

a) a felt problem to be thoroughly tackled b) preparation of the plan and design for study

c) study of relevant research methodology d) study of what research others have done

12. Lack of consistency in research findings amounts to

a) lack of reliability b) lack of validity

c) lack of reliability and validity d) lack of sensitivity

13. Which one of the following is the usual sequence of scientific inquiry?

a) observation - verification - hypothesising - theorising

b) experimentation - observation - verification – hypothesising

c) observation - hypothesising - experimentation - theorising

d) theorising - observation - experimentation - hypothesising

14. In every field, research pursuits promote systematic and gradual advancement of

knowledge. But innovative discoveries are rare because

a) research is a continuous and critical investigation

b) a discovery require divergent thinking, which is not very common

c) sustained experimental work needed for discovery is not easily forth coming

d) most people lack the depth of knowledge needed for making a discovery

15. In higher education, teaching and research are two different activities that

a) cannot go together as these are different

b) can go on, only in a sequential order

c) can go together supplementing each other

d) can go together only at the expense of each other


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16. The main consideration for taking up a research project should be

a) improving qualifications b) adding to the reputation of one’s institution

c) adding to the existing knowledge d) meeting the job requirements

17. ‘A good teacher is essentially a good researcher also’. How do you react to this

statement?

a) whole heartedly agree with it b) it may not be true always

c) it is only an opinion d) there is no truth in it at all

18. Objectivity in research implies

a) correct judgment of truth b) find links consistent with reality

c) inter researcher agreement d) methodological sophistication

19. Action Research means

a) research related to school activities

b) managing the class on the basis of research findings

c) research geared towards scientific solution of felt classroom problems

d) research on the activities of pupils

20. The process by which we proceed from some given truth to an unknown truth is known as

a) stating a conclusion b) stating a premise

c) making a judgement d) making an inference

21. Sin-qua-non of good research is

a) a well formulated hypothesis b) a well formulated problem

c) an adequate library d) a good research supervisor

22. In every research, one should

a) know everything in the area without bothering to learn the details in any

b) not try out anything blindly but wait until a sudden flash appears in his mind

c) know more and more about less and less in certain sub areas

d) none of the above

23. One undertakes research

a) to describe and explain a new phenomenon

b) to refute what has already been accepted as a fact

c) to verify what has already been established

d) to do one or more of the above

24. For a proposition to be true, it is necessary that it should have all of the following

characteristics except

a) it must be objective b) it must be in tune with accepted beliefs

c) it must be consistent d) it must be testable

25. The objectives of research can be written

a) only in question form b) only in statement form

c) both in question and statement form d) only in hypothetical form


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26. Which of the following is not the requirement of a hypothesis?

a) it should be based on facts

b) it should be conceivable

c) it should contradict the existing knowledge

d) it should allow consequences deducted from it

27. Generalisability of a new teaching method can be tested through research across

a) different subjects b) different teachers

c) different levels/grades d) all of the above

28. In research, which of the following will be most acceptable for establishing a fact?

a) opinion of large number of scholars

b) being in practice over a long period of time

c) availability of empirical data supporting the fact

d) references in past publications

29. The research tool generally used in survey method is

a) schedule b) questionnaire

c) checklist d) all of the above

30. Which of the following is not an essential part of a research report?

a) statement of objectives b) procedure followed

c) acknowledgement d) conclusions drawn

31. The bibliography given in a research report

a) helps those interested in further research and studying the problem from another angle

b) shows the vast knowledge of the researcher

c) makes the report authentic

d) all of the above

32. The process not needed in experimental research is

a) control b) observation

c) manipulation and replication d) reference collection

33. In order to augment the accuracy of the study, a researcher

a) should be honest and unbiased

b) should keep the variance high

c) should increase the size of sample

d) all of the above

34. Hypothesis cannot be stated in

a) declarative terms b) null and question form terms

c) general terms d) directional terms

35. Formation of hypothesis may not be necessary in

a) survey studies b) fact finding or historical studies

c) experimental studies d) normative studies


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36. Who is regarded as the ‘father of scientific social surveys?’

a) Best b) Booth

c) Galton d) Darwin

37. A good hypothesis should be

a) formulated in such a way that it can be tested by the data

b) of limited scope and should not have global significance

c) precise, specific and consistent with most known facts

d) all of the above

38. Field study is related to

a) laboratory situations

b) real life situations

c) experimental situations

d) all of the above

39. The research which is undertaken to solve an immediate problem is

a) fundamental research

b) explorative research

c) action research

d) basic research

40. The discovery and development of an organised set of scientific knowledge or theory is

the outcome of

a) fundamental research b) applied research

c) exploratory research d) action research

41. The term ‘ex-post facto research’ is generally used to denote

a) descriptive research

b) analytical research

c) fundamental research

d) applied research

42. The research approach which involves the construction of an artificial environment that

permits an observation of the dynamic behaviour of a system under controlled conditions

is

a inferential approach b) experimental approach

c) simulation approach d) qualitative approach

43. The real value of research lies in its ability to arrive at certain

a) interpretations

b) analysis

c) experimentation

d) generalisations
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44. The decisions regarding what, where, when, how much, by what means concerning an

inquiry or research study constitute

a) research problem

b) research design

c) experimental design

d) hypothesis testing

45. The procedures of assigning numbers to various degrees of opinion or attitude is called

a) rating b) testing

c) scaling d) designing

46. A statistical measure based upon the entire population is called

a) inference b) hypothesis

c) parameter d) statistic

47. A statistical measure based upon the sample is called

a inference b) hypothesis

c) parameter d) statistic

48. Generalised conclusion on the basis of a sample is technically known as

a) statistical inference of the external validity of the research

b) parameter inference

c) data analysis and interpretation

d) elimination of extraneous errors and modification

49. A researcher divides his population into certain groups and fixes the size of the sample

from each group. It is called

a) stratified sampling b) cluster sampling

c) quota sampling d) all of the above

50. Scientific method of education implies

a) deductive thinking b) inductive thinking

c) both deductive and inductive thinking d) intuitive thinking









► THANK YOU & BEST OF LUCK

NOUFAL PALATHINGAL
Lecturer in Economics, Government Sanskrit College, Pattambi. Phone: 9446876677.