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01. The first step of research is

a) selecting a problem b) searching a problem

c) finding a problem d) identifying a problem

02. Research can be conducted by a person who

a) has studied research methodology b) holds a post graduate degree

c) possesses thinking and reasoning ability d) is a hard worker

03. The research is always

a) verifying the old knowledge b) exploring new knowledge

c) filling the gap between knowledge d) all of the above

04. A research problem is not feasible only when

a) it has utility and relevance

b) it consists of independent and dependent variables

c) it is new and adds to the existing stock of knowledge

d) it is researchable

05. The depth of any research can be judged by

a) the title of the research b) the objectives of the research

c) the total expenditure on research d) the duration of the research

06. Which of the following statement is correct?

a) reliability ensures validity

b) validity ensures reliability

c) reliability and validity are independent of each other

d) reliability does not depend on objectivity

07. Which of the following is not a method of research?

a) observation b) historical

c) survey d) philosophical

08. Which of the following statement is correct?

a) objectives of the research are stated in the first chapter of the thesis

b) the researcher must possess analytical ability

c) variability is the source of problem

d) all of the above

09. The main characteristic of scientific research is

a) empirical b) theoretical

c) experimental d) all of the above

10. Authenticity of research finding is its

a) originality b) validity

c) objectivity d) all of the above

11. The research that applies the laws at the time of field study to draw more and more clear

ideas about the problem is

a) applied research b) action research

c) experimental research d) none of the above

12. Which technique is generally followed when the population is finite?

a) area sampling technique b) purposive sampling technique

c) systematic sampling technique d) none of the above

13. When a research problem is related to heterogenous population, the most suitable

sampling method is

a) cluster sampling b) stratified sampling

c) convenient sampling d) systematic sampling

14. Fundamental research reflects the ability to

a) synthesise new ideals

b) expound new principles

c) evaluate the existing materials concerning research

d) study the existing literature regarding various topics

15. The experimental study is based on

a) the manipulation of variables b) conceptual parameters

c) survey of literature d) replication of research

16. What do you consider as the main aim of inter-disciplinary research?

a) to bring out holistic approach to research

b) to over simplifying the problem of research

c) to create a new trend in research methodology

d) to reduce the emphasis of single subject in the research domain

17. The study in which the investigators attempt to trace an effect is known as

a) survey research b) ex-post facto research

c) historical research d) summative research

18. Which of the following statement is not correct?

a) lecture method can develop knowledge

b) lecture method is one way process

c) lecture method can develop reasoning

d) during lecture method, students are passive

19. Which of the following would you consider first as a researcher?

a) search for tools for the collection of data

b) decide the appropriate methods for analyzing data

c) formulate objectives of the study

d) select the sample for gathering data

20. Which is the least important in reporting the research?

a) use of stylistic language b) statement of objectives

c) description of methodologies to be used d) explanation of the major findings

21. What is statistical inference?

a) making quantitative study

b) technique of analysing statistical data

c) applying statistical methods for data collection

d) reaching conclusions from statistical data

22. The most important question that a researcher interested in the application of statistical

techniques in the analysis of research data has to ask is

a) whether the data could be quantified

b) whether statistical techniques appropriate for the objectives are available

c) whether analysis of data would be possible

d) whether worthwhile inferences could be drawn

23. A few traits are listed as

(1) keenness of observation,

(2) persistence,

(3) industry,

(4) sociability and

(5) logical reasoning.

Which of these traits do you consider essential for a researcher?

a) 1, 2, 3 and 4

b) 2, 3, 4 and 5

c) 1, 2, 3 and 5

d) 1, 3, 4 and 5

24. Which of the following options are the main tasks of research in modern society?

(1) to keep pace with the advancement in knowledge

(2) to discover new things

(3) to write a critique on the earlier writings

(4) to systematically examine and critically analyse the sources with objectivity

a) 1, 2, and 3

b) 1 and 2

c) 2, 3 and 4

d) 4, 2 and 1

25. Match List-1 (Interviews) with List-2 (Meaning) and select the correct answer from the

code given below

List-1 (Interviews) List-2 (Meaning)

(A) structured interviews (1) greater flexibility approach
(B) unstructured interviews (2) attention on the questions to be answered
(C) focused interviews (3) individual life experiences
(D) clinical interviews (4) pre-determined questions
(5) non-directive


a) A-4, B-1, C-2 and D-3

b) A-2, B-4, C-1 and D-3

c) A-5, B-2, C-4 and D-1

d) A-1, B-3, C-5 and D-4


Lecturer in Economics, Government Sanskrit College, Pattambi. Phone: 9446876677.