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You are on page 1of 5

DATE DUE: 09/17/2015

Answer all questions. All question carry equal points.

QUESTION 1.

(a). A quarter is tossed four times.

(i). Write the outcomes of the sample space. (5 points)

(ii). The probability that all four tosses shows up the same. (2

points)

(iii).The probability that two heads and two tails show up in the

four tosses.

(2 points)

(iv).The probability that the third and fourth tosses shows up tails.

(2 points)

(v).The probability that the last toss (the fourth toss) comes up

heads. (2 points)

(vi).The probability that at least one head shows up in the four

tosses. (2 points)

[Note: Define your events before you calculate your probabilities]

(b). An American roulette wheel contains 38 numbers of which 18

are red, 18 are black and 2 are green. When the roulette wheel is

spin, the ball is equally likely to land on any of the 38 numbers. In

three plays at the roulette wheel,

(i).What is the probability that the ball lands on green the first

time, on red the second and third times. (2 points)

(ii). What is the probability that the ball lands on green the first

time, on black the second and third times. (2 points)

(iii). What is the probability that the ball lands on green the first,

second and third times. (2 points)

(iv). What is the probability that the ball lands on black the first,

second and third times. (2 points)

(v). What is the probability that the ball lands on red the first,

second and third times. (2 points)

[Note: Define your events before you calculate your probabilities]

QUESTION 2.

(a).A card is selected randomly from an ordinary deck of 52

cards. What is the probability of getting?

(i). A queen? (3 points)

(ii). A diamond? (3 points)

(iii). A black card? (3 points)

(iv).A pictured card (A face card)? (3 points)

(v).The king of clubs? (3 points)

[Hint: Define events before you calculate your probabilities]

(b). A wheel of fortune has the numbers 1 through 50 painted on

it. Tickets numbered 1 through 50 have been sold. The wheel will

be rotated and the number on which the pointer lands will be the

winning number. If the pointer stops on the line between two

numbers, the wheel must be turned again. A prize of a new car

will be awarded to the person whose ticket number matches the

winning number. What is the probability that

(ii). Ticket number 25, 30 or 35 wins? (2 points)

(iii). A ticket between the numbers 26 and 39 wins? (2 points)

(iv).An even numbered ticket wins? (2 points)

(v).Ticket number 51wins? (2 points)

[Hint: Define events before you calculate your probabilities]

QUESTION 3.

(a).Two fair dice are rolled at the same time and the number of

dots appearing on both dice is counted.

(i). Make a table to represent the sample space for this pair of

dice. (5 points)

(ii). Find the probability that the sum is 7. (2 points)

(iii). Find the probability that the sum is an odd number larger

than 6. (2 points)

(iv). Find the probability that the sum is less than 2. (2 points)

(v). Find the probability that the sum is more than 12. (2 points)

(vi). Find the probability that the sum is between 2 and 12

inclusive. ( 2 points)

[Hint: Define events before you calculate your probabilities]

(b).Three guys Kojo, Mensah and Jack were required to fire and

hit a target once as part of their Military training in order to join

the forces in Iraq and Afghanistan. The probability that Kojo,

Mensah and Jack hit the target are 1/2, 1/5 and 3/4 respectively.

Find the following.

(i).The probability that none of the three guys hit the target. (2.5

points)

(ii). The probability that all the three guys hit the target. (2.5

points)

(iii). The probability that exactly two of the guys hit the target.

(2.5 points)

(iv). The probability that at least one guy hit the target. (2.5

points)

[Hint: Define events before you calculate your probabilities]

QUESTION 4

(a). If in an experiment is conducted, one and only one of the

three mutually exclusive events A1, A2, and A3 can occur with

these probabilities. P(A1)=0.2

P (A2) =0.5 and P(A3)=0.3.

The probability of a fourth event B occurring, given that events A 1,

A2, or A3 occurs are P(B|A1)=0.2

P(B|A2)=0.1

P(B|A3)=0.3

(i). Find P(B). (2.5 points)

(ii). Find P(A1|B). (2.5 points)

(iii). Find P(A2|B). (2.5 points)

(iv). Find P(A3|B). (2.5 points)

(b).A recent test conducted by the Federal Aviation

Administration found that guards hired to screen passengers for

weapons at the boarding gate had a very poor rate of detection.

The detection rates for weapons carried by F.A.A inspectors or

placed in their carry-on-luggage averaged 80%, but the rates

varied from 34% to 99% for inspectors tested (New York Times,

50% of all airline traffic, while airport B and C handle 30% and

20%, respectively. The detection rates at the three airports are

0.9, 0.5 and 0.4 respectively. If a passenger is carrying a weapon

through the boarding gates of one of the airports find

(i). The probability that the weapon will be detected. (3 points)

(ii). The probability that the weapon will be detected at airport A.

(4 points)

(iii). The probability that the weapon will be detected at airport B.

(4 points)

(iv). The probability that the weapon will be detected at airport C.

(4 points)

Note: This is a take home midterm exam. This exam is only on

the material of section C of your class lecture notes. Please be

advised that you are supposed to follow all the necessary steps

and procedures to enable you arrive at the final answer. Dont just

give me the answers because mathematics is not just about

answer; it is about how you arrived at the answers. This midterm

per say is not difficult, but if you dont follow the steps you will

not end up getting the full credit. Thank you for your co-operation

and understanding.

Good Luck!!!

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