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SMK SEAFIELD

TRIAL PAPER PHYSICS SEMESTER 2


(1 hours)
Prepared by,

Checked by,

.
( Pn. Suhaili Elias)

Verified by,


(Pn. Daisy Tan)

(Pn. Siti Rohana Jamaludin)

SECTION A [15 marks]


Answer all questions in this section.
1
The graphs below are drawn to the same scale show the electric potential V between two points P and Q.
Which one shows that the electric field strength between P and Q is the strongest?
V

P
0

B
V

Q
C

P
D

A capacitor C is charged by using the circuit as shown in the figure below.


C
+
S1

S2
High resistance

When switch S1 is opened and then switch S2 is closed, the reading of the galvanometer G is
A zero
B not zero
C decreasing linearly with time until zero
D decreasing exponentially with time until zero
3

Which of the following statements explains correctly the decrease in resistivity of an intrinsic
semiconductor when its temperature increases?
A

The drift velocity of the charge carriers increases with temperature.

The number of charge carriers per volume increases with temperature.

The rate of collision between the charge carriers and atoms increases with temperature.

The amplitude of vibrations of the atoms of a semiconductor increases with temperature.

4
When a potential difference V is applied across a copper wire of length L, the drift velocity of the electron
in the wire is ve. If the length of the wire L changes, which of the following graphs shows correctly the variation
of ve with L?
ve
ve

L
B

A
ve

ve

L
C

5
Three resistors with resistance R, 4R and 4R respectively are connected to a battery of e.m.f, E = 3.5V
with internal resistance, r = 1.5 as shown in a circuit below.
E = 3.5 V
r = 1.5

4R
R

X
4R

If the potential difference across point X and


point Y is 2.0 V, the value of R is
A 1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

6
A galvanometer with negligible internal resistance and a full scale deflection of 5 mA is modified for use
as a voltmeter with a full scale deflection of 10 V. The correct modification for the required circuit is
A A resistor of 2 x 102 is connected in series to the galvanometer
B A resistor of 2 x 103 is connected in series to the galvanometer.
C A resistor of 2 x 104 is connected in series to the galvanometer.
D A resistor of 2 x 105 is connected in parallel to the galvanometer.
7

Two concentric rings X and Y are placed on the horizontal plane, as shown in the diagram below.
N
Y
X
r1

r2
I
4I

The radius of ring X is r1= 1.0 m and r2 = 2.0 m. The current flows in ring Y is four times the current
in ring X but in the opposite direction. The resultant magnetic flux density at the centre of the rings is
A
B
C
D

1.5 o I and points towards N


0.5 o I and points towards N
0.5 o I and points towards S
1.5 o I and points towards S

8
An electron is launched with velocity v into a space which has magnetic flux density B and an electric
field strength E that are perpendicular to each other. If the velocity v of the electron is uniform, then
E
A v ; v is perpendicular to B and E
B
B
B v ; v is perpendicular to B and E
E
E
C v ; v is perpendicular to B or E
B
B
D v ; v is perpendicular to B or E
E
9 A rectangular coil PQRS is placed in a uniform magnetic field as shown in diagram (a). The variation of the
magnetic flux density B with time t is as shown in diagram (b).
B
P

R
Diagram (a)

T 2T 3T
Diagram (b)

4T

Which one of the following graphs shows variation of the magnitude of induced e.m.f. E with time
E

2T

3T

4T

2T

3T

4T

3T

4T

B
A

t
0

2T
C
A

3T

4T

t
0

2T
D
A

10

Which of the following produce voltage or current by self-induction?


A High voltage or current produced in a transformer
B High voltage produced in a Van de Graff generator
C High voltage produced when the switch in a solenoid circuit is opened
D Current flows in a copper plate when the plate is oscillating in a magnetic field

11

An alternating current I represented by the equation I = 4 sin 100 t flows in a resistor of 5.0 . If
I is in ampere and t in seconds, the mean power dissipated in the resistor is
A

10 W

20 W

40 W

160 W

12.

The above figure shows three negative charges with charge -q or -2q are placed at the vertices A, B and C of an
equilateral triangle in free space. The length of each of the three sides is 2.0 in and S is the idle point of the side BC.
What is the electric field strength at point S?

13. A certain capacitor consists of a pair of parallel metal plates separated by a distance d in the air. The
capacitor is charged then disconnected from the charging source and immersed in a liquid with
permittivity E. Which of the following statements regarding the capacitor is correct?
A

Both the charge stored in the capacitor and its capacitance decreased.

Both the charge stored in the capacitor and its capacitance increased.

The capacitance of the capacitor increased but the potential difference across it decreased.

The capacitance of the capacitor increased but the potential difference across it increased.

14. The diagram below shows the electric field lines between two parallel metal plates, A and B.

If XY =
A

1
2

XZ , determine the work done in moving an electron from X to Y ?

+8.0x10-18 J

+1.6x10-18 J

-8.0x10-18 J

-1.6x10 - 1 8 J

15. The circuit diagram shows a 10 k resistor and a 40 k resistor connected across a charged
capacitor C.

After switch S is closed, the potential difference V across the capacitor varies with time t. The graph of In V against t is
given as shown below.

The capacitance of the capacitor is


A 1.25 x l0 - 5 F

B 2.00 x 10-4 F

C 1.25 x 10-3 F

D 2.50 x 10 -3 F

SECTION B
[15 marks]
16 (a) A inductor with a inductance of 0.20H is connected to a 12 V ac supply with a frequency of
50 Hz. Calculate the
(i)
(ii)

reactance of the inductor.


the rms current in the circuit.

[1 mark]

[2 marks]

(b) An ideal solenoid consists of 1000 turns of wire per cm wound around an air filled
cylinderical structure. The solenoid is of 2.0 cm long and cross-sectional area 1.8 cm 2. A
current of 2.0 A passes through the wire.
(i) Define self-induction.

[2 marks]

(ii) Calculate the magnetic flux in the solenoid.

[3 marks]

(iii) Calculate the self-inductance of the solenoid.

[2 marks]

17
Two long, straight wires separated by0.10 in carry currents of 18 A and 6 A in the same
direction as shown in the figure

(a)

Determine the magnitude of the magnetic field at the point P

[4 marks]

(b)

What is the direction of the magnetic field at the point P?

[1 mark]

SECTION C
[30 marks]
Answer any two questions in this section.
18. ( a) What is the relation between resistance and resistivity?
Compute the resistance of 180 m of silver wire ( = 1.6 x 10 -8) having, a cross section of 0.3 mm2.
[3
marks]
(b) If a battery or other source of emf has internal resistance, then the terminal voltage does not
equal to the emf when current is flowing. What are the relations between emf and terminal
voltage in such situations?

[4 marks]

(c) A 1400 resistor is connected in series with a 200 resistor and a 12 V battery.
i.

How much does the current in the circuit change when a 5000 voltmeter is connected across ( in
parallel with) with the 1400 resistor?

ii.

Across the 200 resistor?

iii. W ha t doe s t he volt me t e r r e a d i n ( i) ?


iv. W ha t doe s t he volt me t e r r e a d i n ( i i ) ?

[8 marks]
19. (a) Explain the difference between the terms electromotive force and potential difference.
[2 marks]
(b) State Kirchhoffs first law and Kirchhoffs second law.
[2 marks]
(c) The circuit diagram below shows a circuit containing batteries and resistors. You may
assume that the batteries have negligible internal resistance.
1

1.25 A

10

0.5 A

5
2

(i) Use Kirchhoffs first law to find the current flowing through the 6.0 and 10.0
resistors.
(ii) Calculate the e.m.f. of 1.

[2 marks]

(iii) Calculate the e.m.f. of 2


[2 marks]
(d) The circuit diagram below shows a potentiometer circuit. A driver cell of e.m.f. 4.0 V is
connected across a 1.0 m length of resistance wire.
4.0 V

A cell of unknown e.m.f.

, is connected to the potentiometer at A and to a jockey which makes contact

with the resistance wire at C. A balance is obtained when the length of AC is 35.0 cm.
(i)

Estimate the value of . Explain why this can be only an estimate.

(ii)

A standard cell of e.m.f. 1.18 V gives a balance length of 30.2 cm. Use this value to obtain a

more accurate value for .

[3 marks]

[4 marks]

20. (a) An electric heater is operated from a 240 V, 50 Hz a.c supply. Sketch a graph, with suitable
values marked on the axes, to illustrate how the potential difference across the heater varies with time.
[3 marks]
(b) A current I0 cos t flows through a pure capacitor of capacitance C. Show that the amplitude of
the potential difference across the capacitor is

I0
. On the same time axis, sketch graphs to show the
C

variation with time of the current through the capacitor and the potential difference across it.
[3 marks]
(c) A pure variable resistor is connected in series with a pure capacitor of capacitance C. With the
aid of a phasor diagram, explain what happens to

(i)

the impedance of the circuit, and

(ii)

the phase angle between the current and the potential difference across the combination,
as the resistance is increased from zero.

(iii)

[3 marks]
[3 marks]

If the capacitance of the capacitor is 1.5 F, calculate the value of the resistance so that
the phase angle is 35o at a frequency of 50 Hz.

[3 marks]