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CHAPTER 2

Human Relations (n)


Article 19. Every person must, in the exercise of his rights
and in the performance of his duties, act with justice, give
everyone his due, and observe honesty and good faith.

5. Should commit any of the crimes against national


security and the law of nations, defined in Title One of Book
Two of this Code.

Article 20. Every person who, contrary to law, wilfully or


negligently causes damage to another shall indemnify the
latter for the same.

Rule 110
Sec. 15. Place where action is to be instituted. - (a) Subject
to existing laws, the criminal action shall be instituted and
tried in the court of the municipality or territory where the
offense was committed or where any of its essential
ingredients occurred.

Quasi-delicts
Article 2176. Whoever by act or omission causes damage
to another, there being fault or negligence, is obliged to pay
for the damage done. Such fault or negligence, if there is no
pre-existing contractual relation between the parties, is
called a quasi-delict and is governed by the provisions of
this Chapter. (1902a)
RPC
Art. 2. Application of its provisions. Except as provided in
the treaties and laws of preferential application, the
provisions of this Code shall be enforced not only within the
Philippine Archipelago, including its atmosphere, its interior
waters and maritime zone, but also outside of its
jurisdiction, against those who:
1. Should commit an offense while on a Philippine
ship or airship
2. Should forge or counterfeit any coin or currency
note of the Philippine Islands or obligations and securities
issued by the Government of the Philippine Islands;
3. Should be liable for acts connected with the
introduction into these islands of the obligations and
securities mentioned in the presiding number;
4. While being public officers or employees, should
commit an offense in the exercise of their functions; or

(b) Where an offense is committed in a train, aircraft, or


other public or private vehicle in the course of its trip, the
criminal action shall be instituted and tried in the court of
any municipality or territory where such train, aircraft, or
other vehicle passed during its trip, including the place of its
departure and arrival.
(c) Where an offense is committed on board a vessel in the
course of its voyage, the criminal action shall be instituted
and tried in the court of the first port of entry or of any
municipality or territory where the vessel passed during
such voyage, subject to the generally accepted principles of
international law.
(d) Crimes committed outside the Philippines but punishable
under Article 2 of the Revised Penal Code shall be
cognizable by the court where the criminal action is first
filed.
PROPERTY
Art. 16. Real property as well as personal property is
subject to the law of the country where it is stipulated.

However, intestate and testamentary successions, both with


respect to the order of succession and to the amount of
successional rights and to the intrinsic validity of
testamentary provisions, shall be regulated by the national
law of the person whose succession is under consideration,
whatever may be the nature of the property and regardless
of the country wherein said property may be found. (10a)
Art. 17. The forms and solemnities of contracts, wills, and
other public instruments shall be governed by the laws of
the country in which they are executed.

When the acts referred to are executed before the


diplomatic or consular officials of the Republic of the
Philippines in a foreign country, the solemnities established
by Philippine laws shall be observed in their execution.
Prohibitive laws concerning persons, their acts or property,
and those which have, for their object, public order, public
policy and good customs shall not be rendered ineffective by
laws or judgments promulgated, or by determinations or
conventions agreed upon in a foreign country. (11a)