Come let us reason together – Enoch chapter 78

By Yosiah Yedidiah

I have had many, many people recently showing difficulty understanding this passage of Enoch. Many have been wrongly interpreting this to prove a dark or first crescent new moon. When read and understood correctly, nothing could be further from the truth. This passage in fact clearly proves the new moon is the full moon by reason of splitting the moon cycle into 2-14 day portions which all who study the moon cycle should know is in fact as Enoch states based on the minimum 28 day moon. This allows there after 1 or two days to be added depending on a 29 day or 30 day cycle, which is of course the entire purpose and length of a new moon feast (2 or 3 days read 1Sam 20). Let us carefully and prayerfully reason this passage together. You will find all my input RED in brackets and I have underlined in bold all significant wording; all other bracketed and quotationed wording is original in the R.H. Charles translation. [Enoch Chapter 78] 1, 2 And the names of the sun are the following: the first Orjares, and the second Tomas. And the moon has four names: the first name is Asonja, the second Ebla, the third Benase, and the fourth 3 Erae. These are the two great luminaries: their circumference is like the circumference of the 4 heaven, and the size of the circumference of both is alike. In the circumference of the sun there are seven portions of light which are added to it more than to the moon, and in definite measures it is s transferred till the seventh portion of the sun is exhausted. And they set and enter the portals of the west, and make their revolution by the north, and come forth through the eastern portals 6 on the face of the heaven. And when the moon rises [in the East 1] one-fourteenth part appears in the heaven: 7 [the light becomes full in her]: on the fourteenth day she accomplishes her light. And fifteen parts of light are transferred to her till the fifteenth day (when) her light is accomplished, according to the sign of the year, and she becomes fifteen parts, and the moon grows by (the addition of) fourteenth 8 parts [she is now full2]. And in her waning [Waning3] (the moon) decreases on the first day [day 2 after the full moon] to fourteen parts of her light, on the second to thirteen parts of light, on the third to twelve, on the fourth to eleven, on the fifth to ten, on the sixth to nine, on the seventh to eight, on the eighth to seven, on the ninth to six, on the tenth to five, on the eleventh to four, on the twelfth to three, on the thirteenth to two, on the 9 fourteenth to the half of a seventh, and all her remaining light disappears wholly on the fifteenth [Conjunction4]. And 10 in certain months the month has twenty-nine days and once twenty-eight. And Uriel showed me another law: when light is transferred to the moon, and on which side it is transferred to her by the sun. During all the period during which the moon is growing in her light [after conjunction5], she is transferring it to herself when opposite [only the full moon6]to the sun during fourteen days [her light is accomplished in the heaven, 12 and when she is illumined throughout, her light is accomplished full in the heaven. And on the first 13 day she is called the new moon, for on that day the light [all the light7] rises upon her. She becomes full moon exactly on the day when the sun sets in the west, and from the east she rises at night, and the moon shines the whole night through till the sun rises over

against her and the moon is seen over against the sun. [full moon is the new moon8] On the side whence the light of the moon comes forth, there again she wanes till all the light vanishes and all the days of the month are at an end, and her circumference is empty, void of 15 light [Chodesh - cycle9]. And three months she makes of thirty days, and at her time she makes three months of twenty- nine days each, in which she accomplishes her waning in the first period of time, and in the first 16 portal for one hundred and seventyseven days. And in the time of her going out she appears for three months (of) thirty days each, and for three months she appears (of) twenty-nine each. At night she appears like a man for twenty days each time, and by day she appears like the heaven, and there is nothing else in her save her light. Footnotes: 1. It is the full moon only that rises in the East, not the first crescent or any other new moon theory to my knowledge. 2. She has now accomplished her light becoming full, having just completed the waxing phase that comes after the conjunction. 3. Note well Enoch is describing the moon waxing from conjunction 14 days to full, then waning from full 14 days back to conjunction. 4. Enoch now states that the 15th day the moon disappears completely which can only mean 15 days from the full moon because that’s when it wanes. This is of course starting the fifteen day count as Enoch did, from the new full moon day, then the next day is day 14 of the downward 14 day count to conjunction. 5. Having just aligned with the sun, and now beginning to depart from it, she is now again receiving her light from the sun, working her way to opposite from him. 6. We must understand this again proves the full moon is the new moon because it is the only time the sun and the moon are truly opposite the world from one another! This cannot be speaking of the conjunction period because that is when the sun and moon are aligned, hence the term conjunction! 7. She is now called the new moon, having completed 14 days working from conjunction more and more opposite the sun, until this day, all of the suns light is upon her! 8. As if the fact that this portion of verse 13 literally states “the full moon is the new moon” is not proof enough, can anyone really argue that thus far this entire chapter has been describing the moon cycle from conjunction which is dark or empty to a full new moon? Let those who have ears hear! 9. I must admit the word translated as “Month” here is very misleading at least until one realizes that in Hebrew, there is no such word. In Hebrew the word used here is “Chodesh” and is defined and used as follows:

H2320 ‫חדש‬ chôdesh kho'-desh From H2318; the new moon; by implication a month: - month (-ly), new moon. The chodesh is from the following root - chadash H2318 ‫חדש‬ châdash khaw-dash' A primitive root; to be new; causatively to rebuild: - renew, repair.

Based on this we must realize that in Hebrew when we are referring to any part of the 29 or 30 day Chodesh moon cycle, from which the English word “Month” derives, we would have to use the same word – chodesh, and the meaning would be based on the context. This is because Hebrew and in fact most ancient languages are strictly contextual. This means that the reader must determine the context in which the writer is using the exact same word. I therefore submit for your consideration that what Enoch is referring to here is the “Mid-point of the chodesh cycle” we so fondly call a month, and is therefore again describing the conjunction phase when “there again she wanes till all the light vanishes and all the days of the month [half way point of the chodesh cycle] are at an end, and her circumference is empty, void of light. Let those who have ears hear, respectfully – Yosiah You may also read my in depth interpretation of Enoch 78:13-15 at http://www.scribd.com/doc/26622545/Yosiah-on-Enoch-78

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