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# j2k

## MODUL PENINGKATAN PRESTASI TINGKATAN 5

TAHUN 2015
MAJLIS PENGETUA SEKOLAH

MA~YSIA

(KEDAH)

MODUL2

FIZIK
Kertas .1
Satu jam lima belas minit

1.

2.

bahasa Melayu.

3.

## Modul ini mengandungi 25 halaman bercetak

The following information may be useful. The symbols have their usual meaning.

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## Maklumat berikut mungkin berfaedah. Simbol-simbol mempunyai makna yang biasa.

v-u

17.

-=-+-

18.

Magnifyiilg power I

1.

a=--

2.

v2

3.

s = ut + _!_at 2

4.

Momentum= mv

19.

v= f.l

5.

F=ma

20.

.l= ax
D

6.

7.

22.

E=VQ

23.

V=IR

24.

## Power I Kuasa, P =IV

8.

= u 2 +2as

Kuasa pembesaran = fo

IE

## Tenaga keupayaan kenyal =

9.

= _!_mv 2

21. . Q= It

1
- Fx
2

Power I Kuasa, P = / 2 R

v2

energy
Power P = - ,
time
-v:

.l\.uasa,

Power I Kuasa, P = -

tenaga
=-masa

=;

26.

Efficiency I

27.

E=mc 2

28. g= 10 m s-2

## 29. c=3.0 x l08 ms-1

10.

Dep.sity I Ketumpatan, p

11.

## Pressure I Tekanan, p = h1Y5.

15.

pV =constant I pemalar

16.

sini
n=-sinr

1
sinc

n=--

A physical quantity is given by the equation b = ../2mk . The unit fork is kg m2 s-2 while the unit form
is kg. What is the SI unit for b?

.Suatu kuantiti fzzik diberikan oleh persamaan b = ../2mk . Unit bagi k ialah kg m2 s-2 manakala unit
bagi m ialah kg. Apakah unit SI bagi b?

kgm2 s-2

kgms-1

kgm2 s-3

kgms-2

2.55 x 102 m

2.55 x I06 mm

2.55

1011 m

2.s5 x

io-2 km

## Rajah 1 menunjukkan grafp melawan q.

p

Diagram l /Rajah 1
Which equation shows the correct relationship between p and qJ

A

p= 10-2q

p=-2q-5

p=2q+IO

2q=p-5

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## Rajah 2 memmjukkan suatu trek bu/at berjejari 20 m.

Diagram 2 /Rajah 2
A boy started from point Y and ran round the circular track for two laps. What is the displacement of
the boy when he finished his run at point Y?

Seorang hudaklelaki hermula dari titik Y dan berlari sebmryakdua pusingan mengelilingi trelc bu/at itu.
Berapakah sesaran budak itu apabila ia menamatkan laritmnya di titik Y?

Om

126m

40m
252m

## Rajah 3 menunjukkan grqfhalaju-masa bagi suatu objek yang bergerak.

Velocity

Halaju
R

T
....___ _....__ __.'"-_.....__ _ _ _ _....___...
Time
Diagram 3 I Rajah 3

Masa

Which part of the graph shows the object moving with constant acceleration?

Bahagian grafyang manakah menunjukkan objek itu bergerak dengan pec'Ulan seragam?

A
C
6

PQ
RS

B
D

QR
ST

Why does a passenger lean towards the left when a car turns right?

Mengapakah seorang F.numpang melentok ke arah kiri apabila keretti membelok ke kanan?
A

Because of gravity

## Disebabkan oleh graviti

B
C

Becauseofreactionforce
Disebabkan oleh daya tindak balas
Because of inertia

## Disebabkan oleh inersia

D

Because of momentum
Disebabkan oleh momentum

Diagram 4 shows a basket of fruits With a mass of 2 kg placed on a smooth surface. A force of 5 N acts
on the basket for 6 seconds.
Rajah 4 memmjukkan sebuah bakul buah-buahan berjisim 2 kg terletak di alas permukaan licin. Satu
daya 5 N bertindak ke atas bakul itu selama 6 saat.

SN

Diagram 4 I Rajah 4
What is the chatige in momentum of the basket?

## Berapakah perubtihan momentum bagi bdkul itu?

A

C
8

6kgm s-1
15 kgms-1

B
D

12kgms-1
30kgms-1

Diagram 5 shows a block P of a mass of 5.0 kg being pulled along a frictionless surface by blook Q over
a smooth pulley.
Rajah 5 menunjukkan blok P dengan jisim .5 .0 kg dltarik oleh blok Q di atas suat:u permJllcaan tanpa
geseran melaluisatu takal. licin.

- - - Smooth pul1ey

Takai licin

Diagram 5 I Rajah 5
What is the mass ofblock Q if both blocks are moving at constant velocity?
Berapakah jisim blok Qjika kedua-dua blok bergerak pada halaju malar?
A

1.0 kg
3.0kg

B
D

2.5kg
5.0 kg

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## Diagram 6 shows a Ferris wheel in an amusement park.

Rajah 6 memmjukkan suatu roda Ferris di taman hiburan..
R

Diagram 6 /Rajah 6

At which position will a person on the Ferris wheel have the largest potential energy?
Di kedudukan manakah orang di roda Ferris itu mempunyai tenaga keupayaan yang paling besar?
A
C

10

P
R

B
D

Diagram 7 shows a graph of force against extension for two springs P and Q that have the same original
length.

Rajah 7 memmjukkan grqfdaya melawan pemanjangan bagi dua spring P dan Q yang mempunyai
panjang asal yang samii.
Force/N
Daya IN

SpringP

SpringQ

8
6
4

o ..___.,_...__....___._
2

_._-+

Extension I cm
Pemanfangan I cm

Diagram 7 I Rajah 7
Based on the graph, which statement is cottect?

A

## Spring P is stiffer than spring Q

Spring P lebih keras daripada spring Q

## Spring P stores more elastic potential energy than spring Q

Spring P mmyimpan lebih banyak tenaga keupayaan ken:yal daripada spring Q

## Spring P has greater coil diameter than spring Q

Spring P mempun:yai diameter lingkaran yang lebih besar daripada spring Q

## Spring P has a smaller force constant than spring Q

Spring P mempun:yai pemalar daya yang lebih kecil daripada spring Q
6

11

## Diagram 8 shows a submarine moving up towards to the surface of the sea.

Rajah 8 menunjukkan sebuah kapal selam sedang bergerak ke arah permukaan Jaut.
Surface of the sea
Permukaan laut

Diagram 8 I Rajah 8
Which of the relationship is correct?

A

12

## Buoyant force is larger than the weight of the Sl.lbmarine

Daya apungan Jebih besar daripada berat kapal selam

## Buoyant force is smaller than the weight of the submarine

Daya apungan lebih kecil daripada berat kapal selam

## Why are water storage tanks of houses placed at a higher level?

Mengapah;lh tangki. simpanan air di rumah diletakkan pada aras yang lebih tinggfl

B
C

## To prevent contamination of the water

Untuk mengelakkan pencemaran air itu
To decrease the gravititational force on the water
Untuk mengurangkan daya graviti ke atas air itu

## To increase the water pressure at the taps

Untuk menambah tekanan air di pili air
To decrease the rate of evaporation of the water
Untuk mengurangkan kadar penyejatan air itu

## 13 Diagram 9 shows a round bottom flask filled with water.

Rqjah 9 memmjukkan sebuah kelalang bulat yang diisi dengan air.

Hole
Lubang

\~ -:~

## ~~kmg ~--------------------:1~ ~ ~~: :!":': :'=": ~=- =-= = ":'=:~=:=~:=~- "- -. .n

~=~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~':Jl"l"ii-ii--:-:-:-.......,:-:-:-:......,..-:-:-- - - . J U
:~:..:...:---:-:-~ ...

~=::. ~~ ~==~
Diagram 9 I Rajah 9
7

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Which statement is false when the piston is pushed into the flask?

Pemyataan yang manakah salah apabila omboh ditolak ke da/am kela/ang itu?

14

The force on the piston exerts a pressure on the surface of the water
Daya ke atas omboh itu mengenakan suatu tekanan pada permukaan air

## The water in the flask is compressed

Air da/am kela/ang itu dimampat

## Pressure.is transmitted throughout the water

Tekanan dipindahkan ke seluruh air

Diagram I 0 shows the level ofliquid P and liquid Q after some air bas been sucked out through R.
Rajah 10 menunjukkan aras cecair P dan aras cecair Q se/epas .sedikit udara di.sedut keluarme/a/ui R.

w
R
TubeZ
TiubZ

TubeY
TiubY

LiquidP
CecairP

.;;;.+----

Liquid Q
CecairQ

Diagram 10IRajah10
The level ofHquid P in. tube Y is higher than the level ofliquid Q in tube Z because

Aras cecair P da/am tiub Y /ebih tinggi daripada aras cecair Q da/am tiub Z sebab

z.

## the diameter of tube Y is smaller than the diameter of tube

diameter tiub Y lebih kecil daripada diameter tiub Z.

## the density of liquid P is lower than the density of liquid Q.

ketumpatan cecair P lebih rendah daripada ketumpatan cecair Q.

the pressure of the air in W is lower than the pressure of the air in X.
tekanan 'Udara di W lebih rendah dariJ!Oda tekanan udara di Y.

the pressure on the surface ofliquid P is higher than the pressure on the surface ofliquid Q.
tekanan ke atas permukaan cecair P lebih tinggi daripada tekanan ke atas permukaan cecair Q.

15

Diagram 11 shows the water levels in three vertical tubes when air is flowing through a uniform tube.

Rajah 11 menunjukkan aras air dalam tiga tiub tegak apabi/a udara sedang mengalir melalui sebatang
tiuh seragam.
Uniform tube
Tiub seragam
Airflow

--+

Aliran udara

-.:_-_-::.:.

.;,;,_-______________________

Diagram 11 I Rajah 11
Which diagram shows the eprrect water levels when air is flowing through a non-uniform tube?

Rajah manakah menunjukkan aras-aras air yang betul apabila udara sedang mengalir dalam tiub yang
tidak seragam?

--

-::

.. -.,,,,;.___________________________

~-=-=-=---=-=---=-------------=--

16

## Diagram 12 shows a car jack used in a tyre workshop.

. Rajah 12 menunjukkan sebuah jek kereta yang digunakan di sebuah bengkel tayar.

Diagram 12/Rajah12

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A

## Principle of conservation of momentum

B

Archimedes' principle

Prinsip Archimedes
C

Bernoulli's principle

Prinsip Bernoulli
D

PascaJ's principle

Prinsip.Pascal
17

## Apakah konsep yang digunakan semasa termometer merkurimengukw suhil!

A

Vaporisation

Pengewapan
B

Fusion

Pelakuran
C

Heat capacity

Muatanhaba
D

Thermal equilibrium

Keseimbangan terma
18

## What happens to the water molecules when water is heated?

Apakah yang aka,, berlaku kepada molekul-molekul air apabila air dipa110\$kan?
A

B

C

.D

19

## The specific latent heat of vaporisation of water is 2.26 x l 06 J kg-1

Which statement is correct?

Haba pendam tentu pengewapan bagi air ialah 226 x 106 J kg-1
Pemyataan manakah bend?
A

2.26 x 106 J of heat energy is required to raise the temperature of water to 100 C.
Sebanyak 2.26 x 106 J tenaga haba diperlukan imtuk menaikkan suhu air kepada 100 C

## 226 x 106 J of heat energy is required to change water to steam

Sebanyak 2. 26 x 106 J tenaga haba diperlukan untuk mengubah air menjadi siim

## 2.26 x 106 J of heat energy is required to boil the water

Sebanyak 2. 26 x 106 J tenaga diperlukan untuk mendidihkan air

## 106 J of heat energy is required to boil I kg of water to steam

. Seban:yak2. 26 x 106 J tenaga diperlukan 1Dltuk lkg air mendidih menjadi stim
2.26

10

20

The air pressure in the tyre of a car is 210 kPa at an initial temperature of25 C. After a longjourney
the air temperature has increased to 35 C.
What is the air pressure in the tyre after the journey?

Tekanan udara di dalam tayar sebuah kereta ialah 210 kPa pada suhu awal 25 C. Selepas suatu
perjalanan yangjauh suhu udara itu meningkat kepada 35 C.
Berapakah tekanan udara di dalam tayar selepas perjalanan tersebut?
A
C

ll

B
D

150k:Pa
294k:Pa

217kPa
437kPa

Which graph shows the relationship between the volume and temperature of a fixed mass of gas at

constant pressure?
tekanan malar?
A

Vlm3

0!C

Vlm3

0
22

V/m3

()/C

V!m3

() !C

.0/C

## Diagram 13 shows an object placed in front of a plane mirror.

Which is the correct position of its image?
Di manakah kedudukan yang betul bagi imejnya?
Plane mirror

Cermin satah
Object
Objek

l'~

~)

-~

'

'

..

...,
'

40cm

20cm

A
.! }

20cm

20cm

Diagram 13 I Rajah 13
11

'

''

20cm

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23

Diagram 14 shows the path of a laser beam through an aquarium filled with water.

Rajah l 4 menunjukkan lintasan alur cahaya laser melalui sebuah akuarium yang berisi air.

Laser beam
"""""---Alurcahaya laser
Laser pointer
Pemmjuk laser
Diagram 14 I Rajah 14
Name the light phenomena that occur at X and Y.

24

Refraction
Pembiasan

Reflection
Pantulan

Reflection
Pantulan

Refraction
Pembiasan

Refraction
Pembiasan

## Total internal reflection

Pantu/an ddlam penuh

## Total internal reflection

Pantu/an dalam penuh

Refraction
Pembiasan

Diagram 15 shows an object, 0, that lies underneath a glass block and its image, I, is observed from a
position directly above the glass block.

Rajah 15 menunjukkan satu objek, 0, berada di bawah sebuah hlok kaca dan imejnya, I, diperhatikm.i
dari kedudukan tegak di atas blok kaca itu.

Glass block
Blokkaca

----1

-+
0

Diagram 15 /Rajah 15
12

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25

n= Q
R

n= Q+R

B
R

Q+R

R
_ _Q_

n=

n- Q+R

## Diagram 16 shows an astronomical telescope at nonnal adjustment.

Rajah 16 m~jUkkan sebuah teleskop astronomi dalam pelarasan normal.

## Objective lens : Power = 2 D

Eyep.iece : Power= 20 D
Kanta mata : Kuasa = 20 D

## Kanta objek: Kuosa = 2 D

Diagnim 16 /Rajah 16

## What is the length of the astronc;>mical telescope?

Berapakah panjang teleskop astronomi itu?

26

4Scm

.B

55 c1:ll

65cm

75cm

Which of the following states the correct applications of concave and. convex mirrors?

Yang manakah menyatakan aplikosi cermin celamg dan cembimg dengan /Jetull
Concave mirror

Convex mirror

Cermin cekung

Cemtin cembung

## Mirror at a sharp comer of the road

Cermin di selekoh tajam di jalan raya

## Rear-view mirror in a car

Cermin pant}ang belakang dalam kereta

Dentist's mirror
Cermin pergigian

Make-up mirror
Cermin solek

C Dentist's mirror
Cermin pergigian
D

## Rear-view mirror in a i;:ar

Cermin pai1dang belakang dalam kereta

## Mirror at a sharp comer of the road

Cermin di selekoh tajam di jalan raya

Make-up mirror
Cermin solek

13

27

## Diagram 17 shows a tilted water tank and a plane vibrator

&yah 17 menunjukkan sebuah tangki air yang dicondongkan dan satu penggetar satah.

Diagram 17 / &yah 17
Which wave pattern is formed when the plane vibrator vibrates?

## Corak gelombang manakah dibentuk apabila penggetar satah itu hergetar?

A

111

111111

I I
.28

1111

111 111

Diagram 18 shows an interference pattern of water waves from two coherent sources P and Q.
Rajah 18 menunjukkan corak interferens gelombang air daripada dua sumber k:oheren P dan Q.

Key:
Kekunei :

Crest
Puncak

--------- Trough
Lemhangan
Diagrani 18 / &yah 18

## At Which point, A, B, C or D~ will a floating object be stationary?

Pada titik yang manakah, A, B, C atau D. suatu objek akan terapung dengan pegun?
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## Diagram 19 shows a displacement-time graph of an oscillating system that experiences damping.

. Rajah I 9 menunjukkan satu grafsesaran-masa bagi suatu sistem ayunan yang mengalami pelembapan.
Displacement

Sesaran

Time

Masa

Diagram 19 /Rajah 19

## Which quantity does not change?

Kuantiti yang manakah tidak herubah? .
A

Displacement

Sesaran
B

Frequency of oscillation

Frekuensiayunan
C

Energy of oscillation

Tenaga ayunan
D

Amplitude of oscillation

Amplitud ayunan
30

Diagram 20 shows the location of a house where radio waves from the transmitting station .can be

bolehditerima oleh sebuah radio di dalam rumah.

Transmitting station

House

Stesen pemancar

Rum.ah
Diagram 20 I Rajah 20

## Fenomena ini disebabkan oleh

A

Reflection

Pantulan
B

Refraction

Pembiasan

Diffraction

Pembelauan
D

Interference

Interferens
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Diagram 21 shows the interference patterns for three monochromatic light sources X, Y and Z.
Rajah 21 menunjukkan corak inteiferens bagi tiga sumber cahaya monokromatik X, Y dan Z.

Diagram 21 / Rajah21
What are the colours of the monochromatic light sources X, Y arid Z?
Apakah wama bagi sumber cahaya monokromatik X, ydan Z?

x
A

c
D

32

Blue

Yellow

Red

Biru

Kuning

Merah

Yellow

Blue

Red

Kuning

Biru

Merah

Red

Yellow

Blue

Merah

Kuning

Biru

Blue

Red

Yellow

Biru

Merah

Kuning

## Which arrangement of electromagnetic waves in order of increasing wavelength is correct?

SUSWlan yang manakah betld bagi gelombang elekromagnet dalam susunan panjang gelombang yang
semakin bertambah?
A

c
D

33

Visible light

X-ray

Cahaya.nampak

SinarX

Xrays

Visible light

SinarX

Cahaya nampak

X-rays

Visible light

SinarX

Cahaya nampak

X-rays

Visible light

SinarX

Cahaya nampak

Diagram 22 shows a polystyrene ball, X, coated with metallic paint oscillating between two metal plates
connected to an extra high tension (EHT) supply.
Rajah 22 memmjukkan bola polisterena, X. yang disaluti cat Jogam sedang berayun di antara dua plat
logam yang disambungkan kepada bekalan voltan lampau tinggi (VL1).

## L----Nylon thread I Benang nilon

Metal plate P I Plat logam P

+EHf /H'LT
Plastic block I Blok plastik

Diagram 22 ! Rajah 22
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Which change will increase the speed of oscillation of the polystyrene ball, X?

## Using a polystyrene ball of bigger mass

Menggunakan bola polistirena yang berjisim lebih besar

## Increase the distance between plate P and Q

Menambahkan jarak antara plat P dan Q

D

34

## Which changes will cause the :reSistance of a wire to become doubled?

Perubahan manakah akan menyebabkan rintangan satu dawai menjadi dua kali ganda?
Diameter of wire
Diameter dawai.

Length ofwire
Panjang dawai.

35

## No change I Tiada perubahan

Doubled I Berganda

Doubled I Berganda

## Diagram 23 shows four resistors connected in an electric circuit.

Rajah 23 menunjukkan empatperintang yang disambungkan dalam suatu iitar elektrik.

Diagram 23 I Rajah 23
Which statement is correct?

Current in R 1 = Current in R3
Arus dalam R1 = Arus dalam R3

Current in R3 = Current in R.
Arus dalam R3 = Arus dalam R.

D

## Potential difference across R2 =Potential difference across R3

Beza keupayaan merentasi R2 = Beza keupayaan merentasi R3

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Diagram 24 shows a set of Christmas tree lighting circuit containing ten lamps in series.

Raj.ah 24 menunjukkan litar lampu pokok Krismas yang mengandungi sepuluh buah /ampu bersiri.
'---'1-1--'

Power supply
Bekalan kuasa

10

Diagram 24 /Rajah 24
When the power supply is switched o~ it is found that the lamps 1 to 9 are brightly Jit but lamp 10 does
not light up.

Apabila bekalan kuasa dihidupkan. didapati lampu 1 hingga 9 bemyala dengan terang, tetapi lampu 10
tidak bernyala.

## Which statement explains why lamp 10 does not light up?

Penyataan mmuikah menerangkan mengapa lampu I 0 tidak bemyala?

37

## The resistance of lamp 10 is too low

Rintangan lampu I 0 terla/u redah

## Filament of lamp 10 is broken

Filamen lampu 10 telah putus

## The wire connecting lamp I 0 to the circuit is broken

Dawai yang menyambung lampu 10 kepada litar telah putus

## The currect flowing through lamp 10 is blocked by lamp l to 9

Arus yang mengalir mela/ui lampu 10 dihalang oleh lampu 1 hingga 9

Diagram 25 shows a battery of e.m.f. 3 V and internal .resistance 1 0 connected to resistors of 9 0 and
1 0 in parallel and a switch K.
Rajah 25 menunjukkan satu bateri dengan dg.e. 3 V dan rintangan dalam 1 0 disambungkan kepada
perintang 9 0 dan 1 0 secar(J selari dan satu suis K.

..-----..( v 1------.

_Diagram 25 I Rajah 25
What happens to the reading of voltmeter when switch K is closed?

## Apakah yang berlaku kepada bacaan voltmeter apabila suis K ditutup?.

18

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Decreases

Berkurang
B

Increases
Bertambah

Rem,ains unchanged
Tidak berubah

38

## Rajah 26 memmjukkan dua dawai selari, setiap satu membawa ahJs 5 A.

SA

is A
B

.C

Diagram 26 /Rajah 26
At which point will the resultant magnetic field be the strongest?

39

## Diagram 27 shows a wire carrying a current between two pairs of magnets.

Rajah 21 menunjukkan seutas dawai mengalirkan arus <mtara dua pasang magnet.

## Arus ke dalam kertas

Diagram 27 I Rajah 27
What is the direction of the resultant force on the wire?

A

19

40

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## Diagram 28 shows an electric generator.

Rajah 28 menunjukkan sebuah penjana elektrik
Coil

Gegelung

<-b
I
I

## r-111JC:,J.)r-,:=:=:=:=:= Slip ring

Gelang gelincir

Diagram 28 I Rajah 28
Which graph shows the output voltage against time when the coil rotates?
Graf mand/cah meltlJnjufikan voltan output melawan masa apabila gegelung berputar?
B

Voltage
Voltan

VoJtage
Voltan

Time

Time
Masa

Maso
D

Voltage
Vo/tan

Voltage
Voltan

Time
Masa

20

Time
Masa

41

## Rajah 29 menunjukkan sebatang magnet bar ditolak ke arah sebuah solenoid.

Bar magnet

[ -1111111i-.____I_I~
Diagram 29 /Rajah 29
What is produced by the solenoid when the bar magnet is moving towards it?

Apakah dihasilkan oleh solenoid itu apabila magnet bar sedang bergerak ke arahrrya?
A

B

## Induced current and magnetic field only

Arus aruhan dan medan magnet sahaja

D

## D.g.e. aruhan, arus aruhan dan medan magnet

42

What are the characteristics of the voltage and current for efficient transmission of electricity?

Apakah ciri-ciri voltan dan arus dalam penghantaran elektrik yang cekap?

43

Voltage
Voltan

Current
Arus

Low voltage
Voltan rendah

Small cWTent
Aruskecii

Low voltage
Voltan rendah

Large current
Arus besar

High voltage
Vo/tan tinggi

Small current
Arus kecil

High voltage
Vo/tan tinggi

Large current
Arus besar

A

display waveform

B

measure voltage

mengukur voltan
C

D

## measure the time between two electric pulses

mengukur masa antara dua denyut elektrik

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## Rajah 30 menunjukkan suatu kombinasi get logik.

Diagram 30 I Rajah 30
Which is the correct truth table for the logic gates?

p
0
0
I
I

Q
0

0
I

0
0
I
I

Q
0
1
0
I

x
1
0
1
0

D
p

0
I

0
1
1

0
1
1

0
1

p
0

Q
0

0
1

1
0

0
I

## 45 A diode can be used

Suatu diod boleh digunakan
A

as a rectifier
sebagai rekti.fier

asaswitch
sebagai suis

to amplify current

D

46

## to smoothen output current

untuk meratakan arus ouput

Diagram 31 shows two diodes connected in parallel in a circuit with an alternating power supply.

Rajah 31 menunjukkan dua diod disambungkan secara selari dalam litar yang m.ernpunyai bekalan arus
ulangalik.
p

j
Q

Diagram 31 I Rajah 31
Which bulb will light up when the switch S is switched on?

## Mento/ manakah akan bemyala apabila suis S dihidupkan?

22

47

Ponly
Psahaja

PandQonJy
P dan Q sahaja

PandRonly
P dan R sahaja

P, QandR
P,QdanR

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Which. radioactive sample is suitable to be injected into the blood vessel to detect the blood clots?
Sampel radioaktif yang manakah sesuai untuk distintik ke dalam sa/ur darah untuk mengesan darah
bekl/?

Half-lif'e

Separflh hayat

Sinaran yang dipanc(ll'

8hours
8jam

Alpha particles
Zarahalfa

15 hours
15 jam

Beta particles
Zarah beta

l week
1 minggu

Beta particles
Zarah beta

1 month

Gamma rays
Sinargama

1 bulan

48

Diagram 32 shows the paths of radiation from a radioisotope in ail electric field.
Rajah 32 memmjukkan laluan sinaran daripada suatu radioisotop dalam suatu medan elektrik.

Diagram 32 I Rajah 32
Whatatel, Kand L?
ApakahJ, Kdan L?

23

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49

Alpha particles
Zarahalfa

Beta particles
Zarah beta

Gamma rays
Sinargama

Alpha particles
Zarahalfa

Gamma rays
Sinargama

Beta particles
Zarah beta

Beta particles
Zarah beta

Gamma rays
Sinargama

Alpha particles
Zarahalfa

Beta particles
Zarah beta

Alpha particles
Zarahalfa

Gamma rays
Sinargama

## Diagram 33 shows the decay of radium (Ra)to actinium (Ac).

228

Ra~89 A.c+/J

Diagram 33 I Rajah 33

What is the proton number of radium and the nucleon nwnber of actinium?
Berapakah nombor proton radium dan nombor nukleon aktinium?

A

88

224

88

228
228

90
90

D
50

## Nucleon number of actinium

Nomhor nukleon aktinium

232

The half-life of a radioactive substance is 10 hours. A samp.le is tested and found to contain 40 g of the
substance.
How much of the substance was present in the sample 20 hours before the sample was tested?
Separuh hayat suatu bahan radioaktif ialah 10 jam. Satu sampel diuji dan didapati mengandungi 40 g
Berapakah jumlah bahan yang wujud dalam sampel itu dalam masa 20jam sebelum sampel itu diuji?

20g

120g

B
D

80g
160g

24

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## MODUL PENINGKATAN PRESTASI TINGKATAN 5

TAHUN 2015
MAJLIS PENGETUA SEKOLAH MALAYSIA (KEDAH)

MODUL 2

FIZIK
Kertas 1
Peraturan Pemarkahan

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PHYSICS
PAPER
Paper 1
Paper 2
Paper 3

MARKS
50
100
40
190

Total

Paper 1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

B
D
C
A
A
C
D
B
C
A
B
C
B
B
A
D
D
B
D
B
A
B
C
D
B

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

C
A
D
B
C
C
C
D
D
B
A
A
B
D
A
D
C
C
A
A
D
B
C
B
D