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MODUL PENINGKATAN PRESTASI TINGKATAN 5


TAHUN 2015
MAJLIS PENGETUA SEKOLAH MALAYSIA (KEDAH)

MODUL 2

FIZIK
Kertas 2
Peraturan Pemarkahan

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BAHAGIAN A
Soalan
1(a)
(b)
(c)
(i)
(ii)
2(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

3(a)
(b)

Cadangan Jawapan
longitudinal wave
reflection
No change
Decreases

Latent heat
Does work to break the bonds between the molecules //
Weaken the forces of attraction between molecules
does not change
(i) Q1 is smaller than Q2
(ii) Work is done to increase the distance between the molecules
(i) direct current
(ii)
(i)

Markah
1
1
1
1
4
1
1

Correct shape
2 complete cycles

1
1
1
5
1
1
1
1

4 complete cycles
peak value doubled

1
1

(ii)

4(a)
(b)

(c)

5(a)
(b)

(c)

6(a)
(b)

(c)
(d)

Ratio of the potential difference to the current


(i) 1.4
1.2
1.17
(ii) Increases
(iii) filament lamp
1.25 1.5
1.875 W
(i) Decreases
(ii) The number of unstable atoms is decreasing // The graph has a negative gradient
(i) 20 hours
2 hours
(ii) Y
(iii) The shorter the half-life, the faster the rate of decay.
(i) X
(ii) Longer half-life / slower rate of decay gives enough time to locate the leakage
Degree of hotness of an object
(i) The initial temperature of the water in Cup X > cup Y
(ii) Cup X : Temperature decreases with time
Cup Y : Temperature increases with time
(iii) Cup X : Heat is released to the surroundings
Cup Y: Heat is absorbed from the surroundings
(iv) When the temperature of an object decreases, heat is transfered from the object
to the surroundings //
When the temperature of an object increases, heat is transfered from the
surroundings to the object
Thermal equilibrium
(i) Shorter time
(ii) Cooking oil has a smaller specific heat capacity

6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
7
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
8
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
8

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Soalan
7(a)
(b)

(c)

8(a)
(b)
(c)

Cadangan Jawapan
The exhaust gases move downwards with a large momentum
The rocket gains an equal momentum upwards
1
0 = 152 + 2(-10) h // m 10 h = 2 m 152
h = 11.25 m
(i) Aerodynamic // Streamline
Reduce air resistance
(ii) High
Larger upward thrust / force // Higher water speed
(iii) Fins near the tail of the rocket
Prevent the rocket from spinning

(i)
(ii)

(d)

(e)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

Interference
Increases
Oscillates up and down with a large amplitude
Constructive interference occurs at P
Distance increases
Speed of the waves increase
Wavelength is longer
In front of the microphone
Avoid disturbance // to prevent the sound from speakers being amplified again
by the microphones
Further distance between the speakers
So that positions of constructive and destructive interference are closer together
until they are hardly noticeable.
S

Markah
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
10
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
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BAHAGIAN B
Soalan
Cadangan Jawapan
9(a)
Depth // density // acceleration due to gravity
(b)
(i) Size : P < Q
Depth : P > Q
Pressure : P > Q
(ii) The bigger the depth, the smaller the size of the air bubble
(iii) The bigger the depth, the higher the pressure on the air bubble
(iv) The higher the pressure, the smaller the volume
(c)
When the volume of a gas is decreased, the same number of molecules move in a
smaller space.
The molecules collide more frequently with the walls of the bubble.
A larger force acts on the walls of the bubble.
Therefore pressure increases.
(d)
Aspect
Suggestion
Explanation
Attire
Water proof //
Does not become wet //
Tight fitting
Does not absorb water //
Less water resistance
Extra equipment Flippers
Help the diver to swim under
water
Gas tank
Light material
Smaller weight // Smaller load
for the diver to carry
Smaller size

Markah
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1+1
1+1
1+1
1+1

Reduces the weight of the tank


1+1

Contains oxygen rich air


at high pressure

Diver can stay longer under


water

Note : Extra equipment includes mask, pressure gauge, dive watch, dive light,
buoyancy control device, signalling device etc
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Soalan
10(a)
(b)

(c)

Cadangan Jawapan
A substance that has a conductivity between the conductivity of an insulator and
a conductor / metal
(i) To increase the conductivity // To reduce the resistivity
(ii) Doping with boron produces a p-type semiconductor
Majority charge carriers are holes
Doping with phosphorus produces a n-type semiconductor
Majority charge carriers are electrons
During the first half cycle :
the resistance of the diode is low
a current flows in the circuit // the diode is forward biased
During the next half cycle :
the resistance of the diode is very high
no current flows in the circuit // the diode is reverse biased

Markah
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1

(d)
thermistor replaces the resistor
resistor replaces the LDR
bell replaces the bulb
complete circuit

When the surrounding is hot :


the resistance of the thermistor decreases
the potential difference across the thermistor decreases
the potential difference across the resistor increases
the base current increases
the transistor is switched on
the collector current flows

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1
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BAHAGIAN C
Soalan
Cadangan Jawapan
11(a)
(i) Image that cannot be formed on a screen
(ii)
Object between lens and F
Rays parallel to principal axis passing through F
Ray passing through optical centre
Image
F
I

Markah
1
1
1
1
1

F
O

(b)
Aspect
Cooling fan

Suggestion
Larger diameter

Power of lamp

Higher power

Orientation of
coloured glass
Distance between
the coloured glass
picture and the
projector lens

Inverted
Between f and 2f

Explanation
Bigger volume of air to cool
the lamp
More light energy to produce
a brighter image
To produce an upright image
on the screen
To produre a real and
magnified image

X is the most suitable


- cooling fan with large diameter
- high power lamp
- inverted coloured glass picture
- coloured glass picture at a distance between f and 2f
(c)

1+1

1+1
1+1
1+1

1
1

(i) v = 36

1
1
1
=
+
f 12 36

f = 9 cm

1
1

(ii) 36
12
3

1
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Soalan
Cadangan Jawapan
(i) The production of an electromotive force / current in a conductor when it cuts
12(a)
magnetic flux
(ii) The alternating current in the primary coil produces a changing magnetic field
The magnetic field cuts the secondary coil
The secondary coil has less turns than the primary coil
A smaller voltage is induced across the secondary coil
(b)
(i) VS
NS

=
VP N P
VS
80
=
240 3200

Markah
1
1
1
1
1

VS = 6 V
The output voltage of the transformer is less than the operating voltage of the
bulb
(ii) IP VP = IS VS
IP 240 = 0.75 12
IP = 0.0375 A

1
1
1
1

(c)
Aspect
Resistivity
Core

Winding of coils
Lamination of core

Suitability
Low
8-shape

Explanation
Lower the rate of heat loss
Magnetic field produced by
the primary passes completely
through the secondary
Primary and secondary Less leakage of magnetic flux
coil over HK
More thin layers
Reduces eddy currents

S is the most suitable


- low resistivity
- 8-shape core
- Primary and secondary coil over HK
- More thin layers of soft iron lamination

1+1
1+1

1+1
1+1
1

1
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