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DI question.

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Direction (1-5): The bar graphs give the percentage increase in income and expenditure of

various types of banks during a period of 2 years. Refer to the graphs to answer the questions

that follow.

% increase in incom e over the last year

50

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

10

5

0

1998-99

1999-00

44

37

15

17

20

14

9

12

50

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

10

5

0

42

1998-99

13 12

44

1999-00

15

17

11

4

K

KUNDAN

PSU Banks

Old Pvt

Banks

New Pvt

Banks

Foreign

Banks

PSU Banks

New Pvt

Banks

Foreign

Banks

1. Let the income of the PSU Banks in 1997-98 be equal to Rs 500000 crores. If the expenditure of

PSU Banks in 1999-00 is equal to the income of PSU Banks in 1997-98, then the income of PSU

Banks in 1999-00 will be what per cent more than the expenditure of these Banks in 1998-99?

1) 32%

2) 44%

3) 56%

4) 64%

2. If the expenditure of Foreign Banks in 1997-98 is equal to their income in that year and is equal

to Rs 30000 crores then, in 1999-00, what is the difference in income and expenditure for the

foreign Banks?

1) Rs 1500 crores

2) Rs 2000 crores

3) Rs 15000 crores

4) Rs 20000 crores

3. Let the income of New Pvt. Banks in 1998-99 be Rs 4000 crores. If the expenditure of New Pvt.

Banks in 1998-99 is the same as their income then the difference in incomes of New Pvt. Banks

in 1998-99 and 1999-00 will be what per cent of the difference of expenditures of New Pvt. Banks

in 1998-99 and 1999-00?

1) 52%

2) 76%

3) 84%

4) 118%

4. In 1998-99, if the income of PSU Banks is twice the expenditure of Foreign Banks then what will

be the ratio of the income of PSU Banks to the expenditure of Foreign Banks in 1999-00?

1) 1 : 2

2) 21 : 10

3) 5 : 1

4) 1 : 5

5. In 1998-99, if the income of Foreign Banks is four times their expenditure, then what will be the

ratio of the income to the expenditure of the Foreign Banks in 1999-00?

1) 1 : 4

2) 4 : 1

3) 5 : 1

4) 1 : 5

Directions (Q. 6-9): The bar graph shows the oil reserves and the line graph shows the estimated number of years for which the reserves will last at the present oil extraction rates for

various countries. The pie-chart shows the % distirbution of the oil reserves regionwise. Refer to

the following graphs to answer the questions that follow.

K

KUNDAN

Reserves by region %

Africa

7%

Asia-Pacific

4%

Latin America

9%

Europe

8%

North America

6%

Middle East

66%

6. What is the ratio of oil extracted by Saudi Arabia to that by Mexico per year (in billion barrels)?

1) 0.4

2) 2.67

3) 3.16

4) 15.23

7. If the oil reserves held by Saudi Arabia form 32% of the share of Middle East countries then what

percentage share of global oil reserves is in Iraq?

1) 20.92%

2) 16.82%

3) 12.08%

4) 9.6%

8. What will be the difference between countries extracting maximum amount of oil to those extracting minimum amount of oil? (in billion barrels)

1) 2.57

2) 2.85

3) 2.14

4) 1.98

9. The ratio of the number of years for which the reserves will last to the total available reserves in

billion barrels is maximum for

1) USA

2) Saudi Arabia

3) Azerbaizan

4) Iraq

Directions (Q. 10-15): These questions are based on the following table.

Expected market of four brands of automobiles in the four metros

(In terms of percentage of number of units sold)

M umbai

Delhi

Calcutta

M adras

1996

1997

1996

1997

1996

1997

1996

1997

PAL-Peugeot

32

27

38

35

40

42

26

35

DCM-Daewoo

42

35

33

26

31

28

41

33

Opel Astra

19

27

24

32

23

23

29

26

Mercedes-Benz

11

10. What will be the average percentage increase in the market share of Opel Astra in the metros?

1) 25%

2) 9.5%

3) 16%

4) 5.5%

11. PAL-Peugeots sales in the four metros have been

I. always more than those of Opel Astra.

II. always maximum in Calcutta.

III. always increasing.

1) I only

2) I and II only

3) I, II and III

4) II only

12. If the combined sales of all four is expected to go from 11000 to 12500 in Mumbai between 1996

and 1997 the increase in Mercedes-Benzs revenues will show a _____ per cent growth, if the price

were to go up by 12% in 1997.

1) 10%

2) 50%

3) 75%

4) 100%

13. Given that the cost of a PAL-Peugeot and a DCM-Daewoo is same, an Opel Astra costs twice as

much as a PAL-Peugeot, and a Mercedes-Benz is twice as costly as a PAL-Peugeot, the net revenue from the four metros was maximum for

1) PAL-Peugeot and DCM-Daewoo

2) Opel Astra

3) Mercedes-Benz

4) Cannot be answered

14. If in 1996 sales were 11000, 10000, 9000 and 8000 respectively in the four metros, then the

following are almost equal:

1) PAL-Peugeot sales in Mumbai and Calcutta

2) DCM-Daewoo sales in Delhi and Madras

3) Opel-Astra sales in Mumbai and Madras

4) Mercedes-Benz sales in Delhi and Calcutta

15. The combined share of Opel Astra in Mumbai and Madras is 22% . The sales volume of Opel Astra

in Mumbai is how many times that in Madras?

K

KUNDAN

1)

7

3

2)

3)

8

5

4) None of these

5

4

Directions (Q. 16-20): These are based on the following pie-chart given below:

Contributions of different companies to the turnover of Prudential Group of companies

Prudential

Services

16%

Prudential

Services

14%

Prudential

Bank

24%

Prudential

Finance

19%

Prudential

Consultants

8%

Prudential

Bank

23%

Prudential

Finance

26%

Prudential

Insurance

33%

Prudential

Consultants

6%

Prudential

Insurance

31%

1990

1995

1990: Prudential Insurance turnover was Rs 27 bn.

16. If the turnover of Prudential Insurance remained almost unchanged, the group turnover in 1995

was almost Rs

1) 87 bn

2) 93 bn

3) 90 bn

4) 89 bn

Answer the questions 17 to 20 with reference to the data in question 16.

17. The turnover of Prudential Finance increased by

1) 20%

2) 30%

3) 45%

4) 60%

18. If 40% of Prudential Consultants revenue came from project exports, its income from domestic

activity was (in 1990)

1) 1 bn

2) 2 bn

3) 3 bn

4) 4 bn

19. The number of companies whose turnover decreased in 1995 as compared with 1990 was

1) 1

2) 2

3) 3

4) 4

20. The company which showed the biggest percentage drop in turnover is

1) Prudential Consultants

2) Prudential Insurance

3) Prudential Services

4) Prudential Bank

K

KUNDAN

Income of PSU Banks in 1998-99 = 500000 1.15 = Rs 575000 crores.

And income of PSU Banks in 1999-00 = 575000 1.17 = Rs 672750 crores.

Now, expenditure of PSU Banks in 1999-00 = Rs 500000 crores.

500000

= Rs 409836 crores.

1.22

Income is more than expenditure by 672750 - 409836 = Rs 262914 crores.

(672750 409836)

100

262914

100 64.15%

409836

409836

2. 2; Here, expenditure of Foreign Banks in 1997-98 = Rs 30000 crores.

Expenditure of Foreign Banks in 1998-99 = 30000 1.04 = Rs 31200 crores.

Expenditure of Foreign Banks in 1999-2000 = 31200 1.11 = Rs 34632 crores.

And income of Foreign Banks in 1997-98 = Rs 30000 crores.

Income of Foreign Banks in 1998-99 = 30000 1.09 = Rs 32700 crores.

Incomes of Foreign Banks in 1999-2000 = 32700 1.12 = Rs 36624 crores.

Required % =

3. 3; Income of New Pvt. Banks in 1998-99 = Rs 4000 crores

Income of New Pvt. Banks in 1999-00 = 4000 1.37 = Rs 5480 crores

Difference = 5480 - 4000 = Rs 1480 crores

Again, expenditure of New Pvt. Banks in 1998-99 = Rs 4000 crores

Expenditure of New Pvt. Banks in 1999-00 = 4000 1.44 = Rs 5760 crores

Difference = 5760 - 4000 = Rs 1760 crores

1480

100 = 84

1760

4. 2; Let the expenditure of Foreign Banks in 1998-99 = Rs x crores

Then income of PSU Banks in 1998-99 = Rs 2x crores

Then income of PSU Banks in 1999-00 = 2x 1.17 = Rs 2.34x crores

And expenditure of Foreign Banks in 1999-00 = x 1.11 = Rs 1.11x crores

Required percentage =

2.34x 2.1

Required ratio = 1.11x 1 = 21 : 10.

5. 2; Let expenditure of Foreign Banks in 1998-99 = P

Then income of Foreign Banks in 1998-99 = 4 P

And income of Foreign Banks in 1999-00 = 4P 1.12 = 4.48 P

Expenditure of Foreign Banks in 1999-00 = P 1.11 = 1.11 P

K

KUNDAN

4.48P 4

required ratio = 1.11P 1

6. 2; Reserves of oil held by Saudi Arabia is for 88 years.

264

88

28

25

32

100

112

.

2.67 .

66 = 21.12

2112

.

120 = 9.6.

264

8. 2; The oil extraction of Saudi Arabia is 3 billion barrels per year while that of Azerbaijan is 0.15

billion barrels per year. Hence the difference will be 2.85 billion barrels.

9. 3; The ratio of the number of years for which the reserves will last to the total available reserves

170

34 .

5

10. 3; Average increase in market share of Opel Astra:

Increase in Bombay =

27 19

100 = 42%

19

Increase in Calcutta = 0%

Increase in Madras = = -11%

Thus average increase = (42 + 33 + 0 11)/4 = 16% .

11. 4; Only statement II holds good as of all the metro sales of PAL, it is maximum in Calcutta.

12. 4; Sales of Mercedes-Benz in 1996 = 7% of 11000 = 770 and in 1997 = 11% of 12500 = 1375. Since

the prices increase by 10% , revenue in 1997 will be 1.12 1375 = 1540; a growth of 100% from

770.

13. 4; As the number of units sold is not known, the question can not be answered.

14. 2;

PAL

DCM

Opel

Mere

15. 1; 22% is the weighted mean of percentage sale of Opel Astra in Mumbai and Madras respectively.

Mumbai

Madras

19%

29%

22%

7

3

Required ratio of sales volume = 7 : 3.

7

Sales volume in Mumbai is 3 times that in Madras.

16. 1; Prudential Insurance turnover = Rs 27 billion, which forms 31% in 1995.

K

KUNDAN

100

27 = 87.09 = 87 bn.

31

17. 3; In 1990, turnover of Prudential Insurance = 27 bn, which forms 33% of total turnover.

Total turnover =

100

27 = 81.8 bn. = 82 bn.

33

18. 4; In 1990, income of Prudential Consultants =

8

82 = 6.56 bn

100

19-20: Decrease of Prudential Consultants =

19. 2

6.56 5.22

100 20%

6.56

16% of 82 14% of 87

7% drop.

16% of 82

Thus there is decrease in turnover of Prudential Consultants and Prudential Services only.

20. 1

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