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FP1 Edexcel Study Guide

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You are on page 1of 15

(2008 Specification)

COURSE OUTLINE

FP1 is a natural progression from C1/C2/C3/C4, some topics will be familiar to you and they will be

looked at in more depth, for example Differential Equations. You will also meet some new topics such as

Complex Numbers.

You will be expected to apply more than one topic as FP1 questions link various areas together and facts

from C1/C2/C3/C4 are assumed knowledge throughout the syllabus.

Although you may initially find some topics rather abstract, all pure mathematics does have relevant

applications in other fields. You may use this knowledge in the applied (Mechanics and Statistics) Units, or

even beyond school mathematics. e.g. Electronics, engineering and psychology.

Page 2

THE WORK

The unit will be covered in 3 hours of class time and about 6 hours of study time every week. Homework

may consist of written exercises from the textbook, research, informal presentations, worksheets or past

papers. All homework must be completed on time and submitted when required.

TERM

AUTUMN

CONTENT

Series

Complex Numbers

SPRING

Numerical Solutions

Coordinate Systems (Conic Sections)

SUMMER

Matrix Algebra

Proof

Revision Papers

You will be tested on the content covered each half term and be awarded an internal grade to assess

progress.

Page 3

Notes:-

Page 4

Text : - Heinemann FP1 for Edexcel (OLD FP1) & Further Pure Mathematics 1 (Pearson)

ISBN-10: 0435511092

ISBN-978-0-435519-23-0

There are also linked Exercised from PURE MATHEMATICS 4 Syllabus 1992-04

Authors G Mannall and M Kenwood

CHAPT.

Ch. 2

P. 11-19

(OLD

FP1)

Ch. 5

P.107-121

(NEW

FP1)

TOPIC &

TIME OBJECTIVES

ASSESSMENT (wks) (FP1 Specification)

(New Texts)

2

1. Series

(NEW

FP1 Text)

Ex. 5A, pg 109

(Sigma Notation

Revision)

Ex 5B, pg 111

Ex 5C pg 113

(Using standard

result for

only

r=1

Ex 5D-F,

pg 115-121

Using Standard

Results for

OTHER

RESOURCES

symbol for A.P & G.P.

sum series such as

Series

Show that r is really an

PowerPoint

Standard results may be

A.P with a=1, d=1.

quoted from the

Run through C1 proof to

Formula Book.

illustrate the formula in the

book.

Method of Differences

is not required

Review Partial Fractions

(C4) to break down

complicated r fractions to

be summed.

Proof by induction is not

required yet

(See topic 6.Proof)

Summation of simple

finite series.

r , r , r ( r + 2)

2

r=1

r=1

r=1

N.B. 1 (from 1 to n) = n

Page 5

ASSESSMENT

(Old Texts)

(Old FP1)

Ex 2A pg 15

(Using Identities

and Numerical

Substitution)

Ex 2B pg 18

Using Standard

Results for

r, r , r

2

r =1

r =1

r=

r, r , r 3

2

r =1

CHAPT.

Ch. 3

P. 21-48

(OLD

FP1)

Ch. 1

P. 1- 31

(NEW

FP1)

r =1

TOPIC &

TIME

ASSESSMENT (wks)

(New Texts)

3

2. Complex

Numbers

(NEW

FP1 Text)

Ex 1A-C.

pg 4-10

(Manipulating

Complex

Numbers and

Solving

Complex

Quadratics)

Ex 1D, pg 14

(Argand

Diagram)

E 1E & 1F,

pg 18-21

(Modulus

Argument)

Ex 1G & 1H

pg 23-30

(Harder

Equations and

Conjugate Roots)

r =1

OBJECTIVES

(FP1 Specification)

Definition of

complex numbers in

the form

a + ib

and

r cos + i r sin .

Sum, product and

quotient of complex

numbers.

SPECIFICATION NOTES

The meaning of

conjugate, modulus,

argument, real part,

imaginary part and

equality of complex

numbers should be

known.

z1 z 2

= z1

z2

Geometrical

representation of complex

numbers in the Argand

diagram.

quadratic equations representation of sums,

with real coefficients. products and quotients of

complex numbers.

Link with vectors

covered in C4.

Conjugate complex

roots of polynomial

Knowledge that if z1 is a

equations with real

root of f(z) = 0 then z1* is

coefficients.

also a root.

Link with Polar

Page 6

METHODOLOGY

OTHER

RESOURCE

ASSESSMENT

Begin by looking at a

previously unsolvable

Quadratic, i.e. b2 4ac < 0.

Sketch the graph and show Complex

that it does not cross the x- Numbers axis (no real roots).

The Basics

Put across the idea that we

need an imaginary axis to

cross for some sort of root

to exist.

(Old FP1)

Ex 3A pg 26

(Manipulating

Complex

Numbers and

Solving

Complex

Quadratics)

Define i as (-1).

Hence i2 =1.

Link Argand Diagrams with Complex

i, j vectors (C4/M1) and

Numbers Modulus/Arg with

Loci

Magnitude and Direction.

(Old FP1)

Ex 3B pg 34

(Argand

Diagrams)

squares and Surds

(Rationalisation) to

illustrate the method of

manipulation of Complex

Conjugates.

(See Complex Numbers

section of the Open

University Maths DVD.)

examples

Ex 3C pg 41

using Argand (Modulus

Argument)

diagrams

Ex 3D pg 46

(Harder

Equations and

Conjugate

Roots)

Coordinates (FP2)

CHAPT.

Ch. 4

P. 51-65

(OLD

FP1)

Ch. 2

P. 32-40

(NEW

FP1)

TOPIC &

TIME

ASSESSMENT (wks)

(New Texts)

3. Numerical 1-2

Solutions of

Equations

(NEW Text)

Ex 2A, pg. 34

(Int. Bisection)

Ex 2B, pg. 37

(Lin.

Interpolation)

Ex 2C, pg. 39

(NewtonRaphson)

OBJECTIVES

(FP1 Specification)

f(x) = 0 solved

numerically by:(i) interval bisection,

SPECIFICATION NOTES

METHODOLOGY

process.

Interval

Bisection

Iterations from C3.

the graph crosses the x-axis.

functions which will not

iterate.

the solutions as the interval

bisects.

Interval

Bisection and

Linear

Interpolation

methods to find the roots.

Omnigraph to illustrate how

Newton-Raphson works

NewtonRaphson

(iii) Newton-Raphson

OTHER

RESOURCE

Ex 2D, pg. 40

(Mixed Questions)

Page 7

ASSESSMENT

(Old FP1)

Ex 4A pg 61

(Mixed Exercise

with all 3

methods)

Ch. 3

P. 41-62

(NEW

PP1

4. Coordinate 2-3

Systems

(Conic

Sections)

the Parabola and

Rectangular

Hyperbola.

Idea of parametric

equation for parabola

and rectangular

hyperbola.

The focus-directrix

property of the

parabola.

general point on the

parabola is all that is

required.

2

directrix and parabola as

locus of points equidistant

from focus and directrix.

Ellipse.

CHAPT.

Ch. 4

P. 72-106

(NEW

FP1)

TOPIC

5. Matrix

Algebra

TIME

(wks)

OBJECTIVES

(FP1 Specification)

Revise Parametric

Equations from C4.

Some notes

and

Candidates should be

diagrams

familiar with the equations:

about Conic

2

2

y = 4ax or x = at , y = 2at Sections.

(Parabola)

and

xy c 2 or x ct , y

Differentiation of

1

to these curves.

(NEW

FP1 Text)

c2

y = 2a 2 x 2 , y =

.

x

Parametric differentiation

is not required.

SPECIFICATION NOTES

c

.

t

(Hyperbola)

Use Omnigraph and

Geometers Sketchpad to

illustrate Focus-Directrix

properties.

METHODOLOGY

Sketchpad

illustration

of the

Parabola

OTHER

RESOURCE

2-3

Addition and

subtraction of

matrices.

Multiplication of a

matrix by a scalar.

Products of matrices.

Evaluation of 2 2

determinants.

Inverse of 2 2

matrices.

Define Singular and nonthinking in terms of Rows and

singular matrices.

Matrix

Columns.

Use of the relation

Addition &

Multiplication

Use the Row x Column Rule Show the Identity (2 x 2)

for Multiplication

(Hence matrix.

RC Roman Catholic!)

(AB)1 = B1A1.

Using Matrices to solve

Simultaneous Equations.

effects on Transformations

Ex 3A, pg44-45

(Revision of C4

Parametric

Equations)

Ex 3B, pg 48

(General Parabola

Equation)

Ex 3C, pg50-51

(Parabola

Problems

involving Tangents

etc.)

Ex 3D, pg 56

(Hyperbola)

Ex 3E, pg 59-60

(Parabola &

Hyperbola

Problems)

ASSESSMENT

(NEW

FP1 Text)

Ex 4A & 4B

pg75-77

(Addition of

Matrices)

Ex 4C, pg 81-82

(Multiplication of

Matrices)

Ex 4G, pg 97-98

(Inverse of a

Matrix)

Ex 4D-4F,

Page 8

Applications of matrices to

Linear transformations geometrical

Identification and use of the

of column vectors in

transformations.

matrix representation of the

two dimensions and

following single and

their matrix

combined transformations.

representation.

a) Reflection in

coordinate axes and

lines y = +x,

b) Rotation of multiples

of 45 about (0, 0).

c) Enlargement about

centre (0, 0), with

scale factor, (k 0),

where

k .

CHAPT.

TOPIC

TIME

(wks)

Ch. 6

2

6. Proof

P.122-136 (By Induction)

(NEW

FP1)

OBJECTIVES

(FP1 Specification)

of Induction.

(Four types of

examples)

* Summation of series

SPECIFICATION NOTES

r 1

Summary of

different 2 x 2

Transformation Ex 4H,

pg100-101

Matrices

(Inverse

Transformation

Matrices)

E 4I, pg 102-103

Flash Tool to

(Areas by

show all the

Determinants)

matrix

transformations

Ex 4J,

pg 102-103

(Simultaneous

Equations)

OTHER

RESOURCE

basically follow the same

for

* Divisibility

e.g. show 32 n 11 is

divisible by 4.

Show

* Matrix Products

Page 9

prove is true for n = k

(where k is a positive integer)

ASSESSMENT

(NEW

FP1 Text)

procedure.

in a sequence

n

3

2

1 2

e.g. if un 1 3un 4

r 4 n (n 1) or

r 1

with u1 1 , prove that

n

n(n 1)(n 2)

un 3n 2 .

r (r 1)

e.g.

METHODOLOGY

pg85-94

(Transformations

using Matrices)

Mathematical

Induction

Notes &

Examples

Ex 6A, pg 127

(Proof by

Induction for

Sigma types)

next term i.e. n = k + 1 (by

writing the kth term and adding

the next term)

(Divisibility

Proofs)

and simplify it to look like the

original expression with a

Ex 6C, pg 132

(Recurrence

e.g. show

2

1 3n

9n

n

Chapters:

3Series

n 1 & Matrices (FP1),

and Iterations (C3)

Mathematical

Induction

4) This has proved that the

situation works for k, k+1 etc. PowerPoint

5) Therefore it can be induced

that it would work for k+1 &

k+2 in a similar way.

Hence it works for all positive

integers k.

Page 10

Relations)

Ex 6D, pg 134

(Matrix

Multiplication)

Ex 6E, pg 135

(Mixed

Questions)

THE EXAMINATION

GRADE BOUNDARIES

Grade boundaries vary according to the unit and the year, but a rough guide is:

Required Marks

80%

70%

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

Grade

A

B

C

D

E

N

U

THE EXAM PAPER

The paper has 75 available marks and is 90 minutes long so its just over one minute

per mark.

There are usually 8-10 questions on the exam paper and you must answer every

question, there is no choice in the questions. Like GCSE exam, you write on the

question paper. There is a formula book provided for the examination. Make sure you

are familiar with its contents before the test. It contains the formulae for all previous

Units

NOTE :- New regulations will allow each unit to be retaken (more than once) with the

better result counting. Candidates will receive a statement of results for each unit. A

candidate who has sat the three AS individual units may also resit the whole

qualification.

to take FP1 plus two additional applications Units .

RESOURCES

Page 11

Advanced level mathematics.

Solomon R.C.

Pure and applied mathematics 1.Dawson A.

Pure mathematics.

Bostock L.

Understanding Pure Mathematics

Sadler A.J.

Essential Mathematics for A-Level

Taylor D.C.

Essential Pure Mathematics

Backhouse J.K.

Four Figure Tables

Godfrey C

Complete OLevel Mathematics

Greer

Mathematics Encyclopaedia

Smeltzer P

Modular Mathematics

Bostock

Advanced Mathematics 1

Celia C.W.

MATHEMATICS DEPARTMENT

Modular Mathematics (A) Pure : Bostock &

Chandler

Modular Mathematics (B) Pure : Bostock &

Chandler

The Core Course for A/L : Bostock & Chandler

Heinemann Modular Mathematics for

London : P1

Heinemann Modular Mathematics for

London : P2

Heinemann Modular Mathematics for

London : P3

Heinemann Modular Mathematics for

London : P4

Mathematical Formulae Books

Revision Folders P1, P2

Box Files for P1 and P2 : National Extension College

Page 12

Page 13

DATE

H/W SET

GRADE

TEST

I am good at.....................................................................................................

I need to improve on.........................................................................................

DATE

H/W SET

GRADE

TEST

I am good at.....................................................................................................

I need to improve on.........................................................................................

DATE

H/W SET

GRADE

TEST

I am good at.................................................................................................

I need to improve on.........................................................................................

DATE

H/W SET

GRADE

TEST

I am good at....................................................................................................

I need to improve on........................................................................................

DATE

H/W SET

GRADE

TEST

I am good at.................................................................................................

I need to improve on.........................................................................................

DATE

H/W SET

Final

Grades

GRADE

I am good at....................................................................................................

I need to improve on.......................................................................................

ICT RESOURCES

This Study Guide contains hyperlinks (in blue font within the Scheme of Work

section) which take you to helpful PowerPoints showing further examples.

Page 14

Past Examination Papers published by EDEXCEL are also available via the

SUBJECTS folder on the desktop.

Click on SUBJECTS>>>MATHEMATICS>>>WORKSHEETS>>>PAST A-LEVEL

PAPERS. Then open the folder for the course you are following. These papers

are in Word or Acrobat Reader Format and should either be saved in your own

home h-drive or e-mailed to your own PC at home as an attached document via

say, hotmail.

Alternatively, you can print them off and work on paper!

Although some of your lessons will be booked in one of the ICT rooms (or

interactive whiteboards) for lessons involving graphical work, Omnigraph is an

extremely powerful tool you can access freely at any time.

It can be found via SUBJECTS>>>MATHEMATICS>>>APPLICATIONS>>> OMNIGRAPH.

Try the following website www.mathsnet.net Follow the links to AS/A2 and

you will find a whole host of resources, notes and on-line papers.

Finally make use of the EDEXCEL website (www.edexcel.org.uk)

It has useful information about YOUR mathematics course.

Page 15

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