You are on page 1of 15

Page 1

(2008 Specification)

COURSE OUTLINE
FP1 is a natural progression from C1/C2/C3/C4, some topics will be familiar to you and they will be
looked at in more depth, for example Differential Equations. You will also meet some new topics such as
Complex Numbers.
You will be expected to apply more than one topic as FP1 questions link various areas together and facts
from C1/C2/C3/C4 are assumed knowledge throughout the syllabus.
Although you may initially find some topics rather abstract, all pure mathematics does have relevant
applications in other fields. You may use this knowledge in the applied (Mechanics and Statistics) Units, or
even beyond school mathematics. e.g. Electronics, engineering and psychology.

Page 2

THE WORK
The unit will be covered in 3 hours of class time and about 6 hours of study time every week. Homework
may consist of written exercises from the textbook, research, informal presentations, worksheets or past
papers. All homework must be completed on time and submitted when required.

SPECIFICATION CONTENTS FOR FP1


TERM
AUTUMN

CONTENT

Series
Complex Numbers

SPRING

Numerical Solutions
Coordinate Systems (Conic Sections)

SUMMER

Matrix Algebra
Proof
Revision Papers

You will be tested on the content covered each half term and be awarded an internal grade to assess
progress.

Click here for a FP1 Mindmap


Page 3

Notes:-

Page 4

SCHEME OF WORK FOR AS - FURTHER MATHS MODULE FP1


Text : - Heinemann FP1 for Edexcel (OLD FP1) & Further Pure Mathematics 1 (Pearson)
ISBN-10: 0435511092

ISBN-978-0-435519-23-0

ISBN-13: 978 0435511098

There are also linked Exercised from PURE MATHEMATICS 4 Syllabus 1992-04
Authors G Mannall and M Kenwood

CHAPT.
Ch. 2
P. 11-19
(OLD
FP1)
Ch. 5
P.107-121
(NEW
FP1)

TOPIC &
TIME OBJECTIVES
ASSESSMENT (wks) (FP1 Specification)
(New Texts)
2
1. Series
(NEW
FP1 Text)
Ex. 5A, pg 109
(Sigma Notation
Revision)
Ex 5B, pg 111
Ex 5C pg 113
(Using standard
result for

only

r=1

Ex 5D-F,
pg 115-121
Using Standard
Results for

SPECIFICATION NOTES METHODOLOGY

OTHER
RESOURCES

Candidates should be able to Review C1/C2 use of the Summing


symbol for A.P & G.P.
sum series such as
Series
Show that r is really an
PowerPoint
Standard results may be
A.P with a=1, d=1.
quoted from the
Run through C1 proof to
Formula Book.
illustrate the formula in the
book.
Method of Differences
is not required
Review Partial Fractions
(C4) to break down
complicated r fractions to
be summed.
Proof by induction is not
required yet
(See topic 6.Proof)
Summation of simple
finite series.

r , r , r ( r + 2)
2

r=1

r=1

r=1

N.B. 1 (from 1 to n) = n
Page 5

ASSESSMENT
(Old Texts)

(Old FP1)
Ex 2A pg 15
(Using Identities
and Numerical
Substitution)
Ex 2B pg 18
Using Standard
Results for

r, r , r
2

r =1

r =1

r=

r, r , r 3
2

r =1

CHAPT.
Ch. 3
P. 21-48
(OLD
FP1)
Ch. 1
P. 1- 31
(NEW
FP1)

r =1

TOPIC &
TIME
ASSESSMENT (wks)
(New Texts)
3
2. Complex

Numbers
(NEW
FP1 Text)
Ex 1A-C.
pg 4-10
(Manipulating
Complex
Numbers and
Solving
Complex
Quadratics)
Ex 1D, pg 14
(Argand
Diagram)
E 1E & 1F,
pg 18-21
(Modulus
Argument)

Ex 1G & 1H
pg 23-30
(Harder
Equations and
Conjugate Roots)

r =1

OBJECTIVES
(FP1 Specification)

Definition of
complex numbers in
the form
a + ib
and
r cos + i r sin .
Sum, product and
quotient of complex
numbers.

SPECIFICATION NOTES

The meaning of
conjugate, modulus,
argument, real part,
imaginary part and
equality of complex
numbers should be
known.
z1 z 2

= z1

z2

Geometrical
representation of complex
numbers in the Argand
diagram.

Complex solutions of Geometrical


quadratic equations representation of sums,
with real coefficients. products and quotients of
complex numbers.
Link with vectors
covered in C4.
Conjugate complex
roots of polynomial
Knowledge that if z1 is a
equations with real
root of f(z) = 0 then z1* is
coefficients.
also a root.
Link with Polar
Page 6

METHODOLOGY

OTHER
RESOURCE

ASSESSMENT

Begin by looking at a
previously unsolvable
Quadratic, i.e. b2 4ac < 0.
Sketch the graph and show Complex
that it does not cross the x- Numbers axis (no real roots).
The Basics
Put across the idea that we
need an imaginary axis to
cross for some sort of root
to exist.

(Old FP1)
Ex 3A pg 26
(Manipulating
Complex
Numbers and
Solving
Complex
Quadratics)

Define i as (-1).
Hence i2 =1.
Link Argand Diagrams with Complex
i, j vectors (C4/M1) and
Numbers Modulus/Arg with
Loci
Magnitude and Direction.

(Old FP1)
Ex 3B pg 34
(Argand
Diagrams)

Use difference of two


squares and Surds
(Rationalisation) to
illustrate the method of
manipulation of Complex
Conjugates.
(See Complex Numbers
section of the Open
University Maths DVD.)

examples
Ex 3C pg 41
using Argand (Modulus
Argument)
diagrams
Ex 3D pg 46
(Harder
Equations and
Conjugate
Roots)

Coordinates (FP2)
CHAPT.
Ch. 4
P. 51-65
(OLD
FP1)
Ch. 2
P. 32-40
(NEW
FP1)

TOPIC &
TIME
ASSESSMENT (wks)
(New Texts)
3. Numerical 1-2

Solutions of
Equations
(NEW Text)
Ex 2A, pg. 34
(Int. Bisection)
Ex 2B, pg. 37
(Lin.
Interpolation)
Ex 2C, pg. 39
(NewtonRaphson)

OBJECTIVES
(FP1 Specification)

Equations of the form


f(x) = 0 solved
numerically by:(i) interval bisection,

SPECIFICATION NOTES

METHODOLOGY

process.

Interval
Bisection

Begins with a review of


Iterations from C3.

Show that the roots are where


the graph crosses the x-axis.

This chapter is about


functions which will not
iterate.

Use Omnigraph to zoom in to


the solutions as the interval
bisects.

Interval
Bisection and
Linear
Interpolation

Therefore we need other


methods to find the roots.

Construct tangents using


Omnigraph to illustrate how
Newton-Raphson works

NewtonRaphson

(ii) linear interpolation


(iii) Newton-Raphson

OTHER
RESOURCE

Ex 2D, pg. 40
(Mixed Questions)

Page 7

ASSESSMENT

(Old FP1)
Ex 4A pg 61
(Mixed Exercise
with all 3
methods)

Ch. 3
P. 41-62
(NEW
PP1

4. Coordinate 2-3
Systems
(Conic
Sections)

Cartesian equations for


the Parabola and
Rectangular
Hyperbola.
Idea of parametric
equation for parabola
and rectangular
hyperbola.
The focus-directrix
property of the
parabola.

The idea of (at , 2at) as a


general point on the
parabola is all that is
required.
2

Concept of focus and


directrix and parabola as
locus of points equidistant
from focus and directrix.

See FP3 for the


Ellipse.
CHAPT.
Ch. 4
P. 72-106
(NEW
FP1)

TOPIC

5. Matrix
Algebra

TIME
(wks)

OBJECTIVES
(FP1 Specification)

Revise Parametric
Equations from C4.

Some notes
and
Candidates should be
diagrams
familiar with the equations:
about Conic
2
2
y = 4ax or x = at , y = 2at Sections.
(Parabola)
and
xy c 2 or x ct , y

Differentiation of
1

Tangents and normals


to these curves.

(NEW
FP1 Text)

c2

y = 2a 2 x 2 , y =
.
x
Parametric differentiation
is not required.
SPECIFICATION NOTES

c
.
t

(Hyperbola)
Use Omnigraph and
Geometers Sketchpad to
illustrate Focus-Directrix
properties.
METHODOLOGY

Sketchpad
illustration
of the
Parabola

OTHER
RESOURCE

2-3

Addition and
subtraction of
matrices.
Multiplication of a
matrix by a scalar.
Products of matrices.
Evaluation of 2 2
determinants.
Inverse of 2 2
matrices.

Stress the importance of


Define Singular and nonthinking in terms of Rows and
singular matrices.
Matrix
Columns.
Use of the relation
Addition &
Multiplication
Use the Row x Column Rule Show the Identity (2 x 2)
for Multiplication
(Hence matrix.
RC Roman Catholic!)

(AB)1 = B1A1.
Using Matrices to solve
Simultaneous Equations.

Inverse Matrices and their


effects on Transformations

Ex 3A, pg44-45
(Revision of C4
Parametric
Equations)
Ex 3B, pg 48
(General Parabola
Equation)
Ex 3C, pg50-51
(Parabola
Problems
involving Tangents
etc.)
Ex 3D, pg 56
(Hyperbola)
Ex 3E, pg 59-60
(Parabola &
Hyperbola
Problems)

ASSESSMENT

(NEW
FP1 Text)
Ex 4A & 4B
pg75-77
(Addition of
Matrices)
Ex 4C, pg 81-82
(Multiplication of
Matrices)
Ex 4G, pg 97-98
(Inverse of a
Matrix)
Ex 4D-4F,

Page 8

Applications of matrices to
Linear transformations geometrical
Identification and use of the
of column vectors in
transformations.
matrix representation of the
two dimensions and
following single and
their matrix
combined transformations.
representation.
a) Reflection in
coordinate axes and
lines y = +x,
b) Rotation of multiples
of 45 about (0, 0).
c) Enlargement about
centre (0, 0), with
scale factor, (k 0),
where
k .

CHAPT.

TOPIC

TIME
(wks)

Ch. 6
2
6. Proof
P.122-136 (By Induction)
(NEW
FP1)

OBJECTIVES
(FP1 Specification)

Proof by the Method


of Induction.
(Four types of
examples)
* Summation of series

SPECIFICATION NOTES

r 1

Summary of
different 2 x 2
Transformation Ex 4H,
pg100-101
Matrices
(Inverse
Transformation
Matrices)

E 4I, pg 102-103
Flash Tool to
(Areas by
show all the
Determinants)
matrix
transformations
Ex 4J,
pg 102-103
(Simultaneous
Equations)
OTHER
RESOURCE

To include induction proofs Show that all the situations


basically follow the same
for
* Divisibility
e.g. show 32 n 11 is
divisible by 4.

Show

* Matrix Products
Page 9

1) Assume the statement to


prove is true for n = k
(where k is a positive integer)

ASSESSMENT

(NEW
FP1 Text)

procedure.

* Finding general terms


in a sequence
n
3
2
1 2
e.g. if un 1 3un 4
r 4 n (n 1) or

r 1
with u1 1 , prove that
n
n(n 1)(n 2)
un 3n 2 .
r (r 1)

e.g.

METHODOLOGY

pg85-94
(Transformations
using Matrices)

Mathematical
Induction
Notes &
Examples

Ex 6A, pg 127
(Proof by
Induction for
Sigma types)

2) Write an expression for the


next term i.e. n = k + 1 (by
writing the kth term and adding
the next term)

Ex 6B, pg. 130


(Divisibility
Proofs)

3) Manipulate this expression


and simplify it to look like the
original expression with a

Ex 6C, pg 132
(Recurrence

(k+1) replacing all the ks.

e.g. show
2

1 3n

9n

Revise the following


n
Chapters:
3Series
n 1 & Matrices (FP1),
and Iterations (C3)

Mathematical
Induction
4) This has proved that the
situation works for k, k+1 etc. PowerPoint
5) Therefore it can be induced
that it would work for k+1 &
k+2 in a similar way.
Hence it works for all positive
integers k.

Page 10

Relations)
Ex 6D, pg 134
(Matrix
Multiplication)
Ex 6E, pg 135
(Mixed
Questions)

THE EXAMINATION

GRADE BOUNDARIES
Grade boundaries vary according to the unit and the year, but a rough guide is:
Required Marks
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%

Grade
A
B
C
D
E
N
U

(All internal tests will be assessed using this criteria)


THE EXAM PAPER
The paper has 75 available marks and is 90 minutes long so its just over one minute
per mark.
There are usually 8-10 questions on the exam paper and you must answer every
question, there is no choice in the questions. Like GCSE exam, you write on the
question paper. There is a formula book provided for the examination. Make sure you
are familiar with its contents before the test. It contains the formulae for all previous
Units
NOTE :- New regulations will allow each unit to be retaken (more than once) with the
better result counting. Candidates will receive a statement of results for each unit. A
candidate who has sat the three AS individual units may also resit the whole
qualification.

To be awarded AS-Further Mathematics you need


to take FP1 plus two additional applications Units .

RESOURCES
Page 11

BOOKS - SCHOOL LIBRARY


Advanced level mathematics.
Solomon R.C.
Pure and applied mathematics 1.Dawson A.
Pure mathematics.
Bostock L.
Understanding Pure Mathematics
Sadler A.J.
Essential Mathematics for A-Level
Taylor D.C.
Essential Pure Mathematics
Backhouse J.K.
Four Figure Tables
Godfrey C
Complete OLevel Mathematics
Greer
Mathematics Encyclopaedia
Smeltzer P
Modular Mathematics
Bostock
Advanced Mathematics 1
Celia C.W.
MATHEMATICS DEPARTMENT
Modular Mathematics (A) Pure : Bostock &
Chandler
Modular Mathematics (B) Pure : Bostock &
Chandler
The Core Course for A/L : Bostock & Chandler
Heinemann Modular Mathematics for
London : P1
Heinemann Modular Mathematics for
London : P2
Heinemann Modular Mathematics for
London : P3
Heinemann Modular Mathematics for
London : P4
Mathematical Formulae Books
Revision Folders P1, P2
Box Files for P1 and P2 : National Extension College

Formulae given in the Formula Booklet

Page 12

RECORD OF PROGRESS FOR THE FP1 COURSE


Page 13

1ST HALF AUTUMN TERM


DATE
H/W SET
GRADE

TEST

I am good at.....................................................................................................
I need to improve on.........................................................................................

2ND HALF AUTUMN TERM


DATE
H/W SET
GRADE

TEST

I am good at.....................................................................................................
I need to improve on.........................................................................................

1ST HALF SPRING TERM


DATE
H/W SET
GRADE

TEST

I am good at.................................................................................................
I need to improve on.........................................................................................

2ND HALF SPRING TERM


DATE
H/W SET
GRADE

TEST

I am good at....................................................................................................
I need to improve on........................................................................................

1ST HALF SUMMER TERM


DATE
H/W SET
GRADE

TEST

I am good at.................................................................................................
I need to improve on.........................................................................................

2ND HALF SUMMER TERM


DATE
H/W SET

Final
Grades

GRADE
I am good at....................................................................................................
I need to improve on.......................................................................................

ICT RESOURCES
This Study Guide contains hyperlinks (in blue font within the Scheme of Work
section) which take you to helpful PowerPoints showing further examples.
Page 14

Past Examination Papers published by EDEXCEL are also available via the
SUBJECTS folder on the desktop.
Click on SUBJECTS>>>MATHEMATICS>>>WORKSHEETS>>>PAST A-LEVEL

PAPERS. Then open the folder for the course you are following. These papers

are in Word or Acrobat Reader Format and should either be saved in your own
home h-drive or e-mailed to your own PC at home as an attached document via
say, hotmail.
Alternatively, you can print them off and work on paper!
Although some of your lessons will be booked in one of the ICT rooms (or
interactive whiteboards) for lessons involving graphical work, Omnigraph is an
extremely powerful tool you can access freely at any time.
It can be found via SUBJECTS>>>MATHEMATICS>>>APPLICATIONS>>> OMNIGRAPH.

Try the following website www.mathsnet.net Follow the links to AS/A2 and
you will find a whole host of resources, notes and on-line papers.
Finally make use of the EDEXCEL website (www.edexcel.org.uk)
It has useful information about YOUR mathematics course.

Page 15