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Exexcise : Relative Atomic Mass and Molecular Mass

Relative atomic mass is given in exam.


Relative Molecular Mass (RMM) is obtained by adding up the relative atomic mass of all atoms that are present in
the molecule.
For ionic substances, RMM is replaced with RFM (Relative Formula Mass)

1. A platinum atom is five times heavier than a 8. The relative atomic mass of elements W, X, Y
potassium atom. What is the relative atomic and Z are 7, 39, 56 and 195 respectively.
mass of platinum? [RAM K, 39] i. One atom of Thorium (Th) has the same
5 x 39 = 195 mass as the sum of six W atoms, two X
atoms and two Y atoms. What is the
relative atomic mass of Th atom?
2. Five aluminium atoms have same mass as the 1Th = 6W + 2X + 2 Y
sum of six lithium atoms and three phosphorus 1Th = 6 x 7 + 2 x 39 + 2 x56
atoms. Determine the relative atomic mass of Th = 232
Phosphorus. [RAM Li, 7; Al, 27]
5Al = 6Li + 3P ii. How many W atoms will have the same
5 x 27 = 6 x 7 + 3P mass as the sum of two X atoms, one Y
P = 31 atom and one Z atom.
nW = 2X + 1Y + 1Z
3. The mass of a rutherfordium (Rf) atom is equal 7n = 2x39 + 56 + 195
to the sum of three sodium atoms and six n = 47
sulphur atoms. What is the relative atomic mass
of Rf. [Ar : Na, 23 ; S, 32] 9. The relative atomic mass of elements X, Y and Z
Rf = 3Na + 6S are 12, 16 and 24 respectively.
Rf = (3 x 23) + (6 x 32) = 261 i. How much is an atom of Z heavier than
atom of X?
24 ÷ 12 = 2 times
4. Adrenaline is produced by adrenal gland.
Adrenaline has the formula C9H13NOx. If its
relative molecular mass is 183, determine the ii. How many atoms of X will have the same
value of x. mass as the sum of 3 atoms of Y and 2
9C + 13H + 1N + xO = 183 atoms of Z?
(9x12) + (1x13) + (1x14) + 16x = 183 nX = 3Y + 2Z
x=3 12n = 3 x 16 + 2 x 24
n = 8
5. The relative formula mass of a compound with
formula Y2SO4 is 142. Calculate the relative
atomic mass of element Y. [Ar :O, 16; S, 32] 10. Borax is a compound used to kill cockroaches.
2Y + 1S + 4O = 142 Its molecular formula is X2B4O7. If the relative
2Y + 32 + (4x16) = 142 molecular mass of borax is 202, determine the
Y = 23 relative atomic mass of the element X. Identify
the element X from the list of elements given
6. Iridium is a very dense metal and was below.
discovered in 1804. Determine how many [Ar : B, 11; C, 12; O, 16; F, 19; Na, 23; Mg, 24]
carbon atoms will have the same mass as one 2X + 4B + 7O = 202
iridium atom. [Ar : C, 12 ; Ir, 192] 2X + (4x11) + (7x16) = 202
xC = 192 X = 23
12x = 192, x = 16 X is a Na, Sodium.

7. How many magnesium atoms will have the


same mass as two silver atoms?
[Ar : Mg, 24; Ag, 108]
xMg = 2Ag
24x = 2 x 10
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