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General information Units of measurement and standard formulae
ELECTRICITY AND ELECTROMAGNETISM
Quantity
Name Frequency Electric current Electric potential Voltage Electromotive force Phase angle Power factor Reactance Resistance French name Fréquence Période Courant électrique (intensité de) Potentiel électrique Tension Force électromotrice Déphasage Facteur de puissance Réactance Résistance Impédance Inductance propre (self) Capacité Charge électrique, Quantité d'électricité Résistivité Conductance Nombre de tours (spires) de l'enroulement Nombre de phases Champ magnétique Différence de potentiel magnétique Force magnétomotrice I V U E f Symbol Definition 1 f= T A (ampere) V (volt)

Units
SI Hz (hertz) Non SI, but accepted

Units and expressions not recommended
Conversion

ϕ
cos ϕ X R Z L C Q

U = Um cosωt rad i = im cos (ωt -ϕ) Z = IZIjϕ = R + jX IZI = √ R2 + X2 1 X = Lω − Cω L= Ω (ohm)

° degree

j is defined as j2 = -1 ω pulsation = 2 π . f

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Impedance Self inductance Capacitance Quantity of electricity Resistivity Conductance No. of turns (coil)

Φ

H (henry) F (farad) C (coulomb) Ω .m S (siemens) A.h 1 A.h = 3600 C Ω /m 1/ Ω = 1S

I Q C= V Q = ∫Ιdt

P+

ρ
G N m H Um F, Fm

ρ = R.S I 1 G= R

P

No. of phases No. of pairs of poles Magnetic field Magnetic potential difference Magnetomotive force Magnetic induction Magnetic flux density Magnetic flux Magnetic vector potential Permeability Permeability of vacuum Permittivity

Nombre de paires de pôles p A/m A F = φHs ds H = NI T (Tesla) = Wb/m2 (gauss) 1 G = 10-4 T (maxwell) 1 max = 10-8 Wb The unit AT (ampere-turns) is incorrect because it treats "turn" as a physical unit

Solénation, courant totalisé H Induction magnétique, B Densité de flux magnétique Flux magnétique, Φ Flux d'induction magnétique Potentiel vecteur magnétique A Perméabilité d'un milieu Perméabilité du vide Permittivité

Φ = ƒƒs Bn ds

Wb (weber) Wb/m

µ = µo µr µo ε = εoεr

B = µH

H/m F/m

µo = 4π10-7 H/m εo =
1 36 π 109 F/m

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General information

THERMODYNAMICS
Quantity
Name Temperature Thermodynamic French name Température Thermodynamique T Symbol Definition

Units
SI K (kelvin) Non SI, but accepted temperature Celsius, θ, °C T = θ + 273.15

Units and expressions not recommended
Conversion °C : Degree Celsius θ C : temperature in °C θ F : temperature in °F θ C = θ F - 32 1.8 1 °C = 1 K

Temperature rise Heat flux density Thermal conductivity Total heat transmission coefficient Heat capacity

Ecart de température Densité de flux thermique Conductivité thermique

∆T
q, ϕ q=

K

°C

Φ
A

W/m2 W/m.K

λ

Coefficient de transmission K thermique global Capacité thermique Capacité thermique massique Energie interne C

ϕ = K (Tr2 - Tr1) W/m2.K
dQ C= dT J/kg.K J C c= m J/K

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Specific heat capacity Internal energy

c U

P+ P-

NOISE AND VIBRATION
Quantity
Name French name Niveau de puissance acoustique Sound pressure level Niveau de pression acoustique Lp Symbol Lw Definition

Units
SI Non SI, but accepted

Units and expressions not recommended
Conversion lg logarithm to base 10 lg10 = 1

P

Sound power level

LW =10 lg (P/Po) dB (Po = 10-12 W) (Po =2 x10-5 Pa) (decibel) Lp =20 lg (P/Po) dB

DIMENSIONS
Quantity
Name Angle (plane angle) French name Angle (angle plan) Symbol Definition

Units
SI Non SI, but accepted degree : ° minute : ' second : " working diag.: m (metre) milimetre (mm) micrometre m2 m3 litre : l liter : L

Units and expressions not recommended
Conversion 180° : π rad ≅ 3.14 rad cm, dm, dam, hm 1 inch = 1" = 25.4 mm 1 foot = 1' = 304.8 mm µm micron µ angström : A = 0.10 nm

α, β, T, ϕ

Length Breadth Height Radius

Longueur Largeur Hauteur Rayon Longueur curviligne

I b h r s A, S V

Area Volume

Aire, superficie Volume

1 square inch = 6.45 10-4 m2 UK gallon = 4.546 10-3 m3 US gallon = 3.785 10-3 m3

1.29

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General information
MECHANICS
Quantity
Name Time Period (periodic time) Angular velocity Circular frequency Angular acceleration Speed Velocity Acceleration Acceleration French name Temps Intervalle de temps, durée Période (durée d'un cycle) Vitesse angulaire Pulsation Accélération angulaire Vitesse Célérité Accélération (ou décélération) Accélération de la pesanteur Fréquence de rotation Masse Masse volumique Masse linéique Masse surfacique Quantité de mouvement Moment d'inertie g = 9.81 m/s2 approx n m s-1 min-1 tonne : t kg (kilogramme) 1 t = 1000 kg dm dV Linear density dm dL Surface mass Momentum Moment of inertia dm dS p = m.v I = ∑ m.r2 tr/mn, RPM, TM… kilo, kgs, KG… 1 pound : 1 lb = 0.4536 kg of free fall Revolution per minute Mass T t s (second) Symbol Definition

Units
, SI Non SI, but accepted minute : min hour : h day : d

Units and expressions not recommended
Conversion Symbols ' and " are reserved for angles. minute not written as mn

ω α
u, v, w, c a

ω= α=
v=

dϕ dt dω dt ds dt

rad/s rad/s2 1 km/h = m/s 0.277778 m/s 1 m/min = 0.0166 m/s

a=

dv dt

m/s2

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Mass density

ρ ρe ρA
P J, I

kg/m3 kg/m kg/m2 kg.m/s kg.m2 J= MD2 4 = 42.1 x 10-3 kg.m2 kg.m2

P+ P-

pound per square foot = 1 lb.ft2

P

Force Weight Moment of force, Torque

Force Poids Moment d'une force

F G M T G = m.g M = F.r

N (newton) N.m

kgf = kgp = 9.81 N pound force = IbF = 4.448 N mdaN, mkg, N.m 1 mkg = 9.81 N.m 1 ft.lbF= 1.356 N.m 1 in.lbF= 0.113 N.m 1 kgf/cm2 = 0.981 bar 1 psi = 6894 N/m2 = 6894 Pa 1 psi = 0.06894 bar 1 atm = 1.013 x 105 Pa kg/mm2, 1 daN/mm2 = 10 MPa psi = pound per square inch 1 psi = 6894 Pa incorrectly = friction coefficient ƒ

Pressure

Pression

p

F F p= = S A

bar Pa (pascal) Pa Leroy-Somer use the MPa = 106 Pa 1 bar = 105 Pa

Normal stress Shear stress Friction coefficient Work Energy Potential energy Kinetic energy Quantity of heat Power Volumetric flow Efficiency Dynamic viscosity Kinematic viscosity

Contrainte normale Contrainte tangentielle, Cission Facteur de frottement Travail Energie Energie potentielle Energie cinétique Quantité de chaleur Puissance Débit volumique Rendement Viscosité dynamique Viscosité cinématique

σ τ µ
W E Ep Ek Q P qv P= W t dV dt W = F.I

1 N.m = 1 W.s = 1 J Wh = 3600 J J (joule) (watt-hour) 1 kgm = 9,81 J 1 cal = 4.18 J (calorie) 1 Btu = 1055 J (British thermal unit) W (watt) m3/s <1 Pa.s % poise, 1 P = 0.1 Pa.s stokes, 1 St = 10-4 m2/s 1 ch = 736 W 1 HP = 746 W

1/2 J ω2

qv=

η η, µ ν η ν = ρ

m2/s

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General information Unit conversions
Units
Length Mass Torque Force Moment of inertia Power Pressure Magnetic flux

MKSA (SI = International system)
1 m = 3.2808 ft 1 mm = 0.03937 in

AGMA (US system)
1 ft = 0.3048 m 1 in = 25.4 mm

1 kg = 2.2046 lb 1 N.m = 0.7376 lb.ft 1 N.m = 141.6 oz.in

1 lb = 0.4536 kg 1 lb.ft = 1.356 N.m 1 oz.in = 0.00706 N.m

1 N = 0.2248 lb 1 kg.m2 = 23.73 lb.ft2 1 kW = 1.341 HP 1 kPa = 0.14505 psi 1 T = 1 Wb / m2 = 6.452104 line / in2 1 W / kg = 0.4536 W / lb

1 lb = 4.448 N 1 lb.ft2 = 0.04214 kg.m2 1 HP = 0.746 kW 1 psi = 6.894 kPa 1 line / in2 = 1.55010-5 Wb / m2 1 W / lb = 2.204 W / kg

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Magnetic losses

GLOSSARY

PFJ

Symbol

Definition
inertia factor operating factor expressed in % permissible radial force N daily operating time in hours per day exact reduction of gearbox

Symbol

Definition
maximum permissible torque N.m maximum output selection torque N.m torque required for the application during output N.m rated output torque minimum output rotational speed of gearbox, maximum output rotational speed of gearbox min-1 useful input rotational speed of gearbox, min-1 useful output rotational speed of gearbox min-1 standard motor power kW rated power kW input power required for the application kW output power required for the application kW rated thermal power of gearbox kW starts per hour ambient temperature °C starting frequency of the application (s/h)

MMax MS max MuS MnS nmin, nmax nuE nuS P Pn PuE PuS Pt s/h

P

FM Fr h/d i iu JC/M JM K K1 K2 KP Kθ M

reduction available to the application moment of inertia of the load applied to the motor shaft moment of inertia of the motor overall duty factor duty factor dependent upon the inertia duty factor dependent upon the operating factor maximum possible duty factor for the geared motor thermal power correction factor torque transmitted by the geared motor N.m

θ
Z (s/h)

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