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Fundamental analysis is a stock valuation method that uses financial and No Website in India gives complete economic analysis to predict the movement of stock prices. results as "Past The fundamental information that is analyzed can include a company's Performance". financial reports, and non-finanical information such as estimates of the We Provide growth of demand for competing products, industry comparisons, and But Complete "Past economy-wide changes. Performance" of our calls Which you can in our Past To a fundamentalist, the market price of a stock tends to move towards see its intrinsic value. If the intrinsic value of a stock is above the current Performance Page. market price, the investor would purchase the stock, and if the intrinsic value of a stock was below the market price, the investor would sell the Click Here to Check stock. Our Results.

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To start a fundamentalist makes an examination of the current and future overall health of the economy as a whole. In this step you should attempt to determine the direction and level of interest rates.

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Some expressions of Stock Fundamental Analysis
For beginning I describe some stock fundamental analysis expressions that are more important: #1- EPS: (Earnings Per Share)

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common stock. The amount is computed by dividing net earnings by the number of outstanding shares of common stock. For example, a 2. You have to make corporation that earned $10 million last year and has 10 million shares positions for outstanding would report earnings per share of $1. minimum 7 days or end of the settlement #2- P/E Ratio: (Price/ EPS) & follow stop loss strictly. Also called its "earnings multiple", Price of a stock divided by its earnings per share. The P/E ratio may either use the reported earnings from the 3. Read Disclaimer latest year or employ an analyst's forecast of next year's earnings. P/E gives investors an idea of how much they are paying for a company's 4. Rules No 5, 6, 7, 8, earning power. 9, --> Follow Rule No. An important notice here is that the P/E ratio is ultimately not an objective 1 measure; a high P/E ratio might show an overvalued stock, or it might reflect a company with high potential for growth. Support & #3- Dividend

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Dividend is an amount of the profits that a company pays to people who Now get Support & own shares in the company. When a company earns a profit, some of this Resistance of any money is typically reinvested in the business and called retained scrip by using our earnings, and some of it can be paid to its shareholders as a dividend. Excellent tool which gives support & #4- Book Value resistance up to 3 The book value of an asset or group of assets is sometimes the price at levels. which they were originally acquired ( historic cost ), in many cases equal Click Here to Use it Now. to purchase price. #5- Growth Stocks Growth Stocks in finance , are stocks that appreciate in value and yield a high return on equity (ROE). Analysts compute ROE by taking the company's net income and dividing it by the company's equity. To be classified as a growth stock, analysts expect to see at least 15 percent ROE. Advertisement

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An initial public offering (IPO) occurs when a company first sells common shares to investors in the public. Generally, the company offers Check Our Past primary shares this way, although sometimes secondary shares are also Performance sold as IPOs. This article contains: No Website in India • What are the eligibility criteria for a company to issue an
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IPO? • • Why companies go for IPO? Why IPOs are said to be attractive for investors? An initial public offering (IPO) occurs when a company first sells common shares to investors in the public. Generally, the company offers primary shares this way, although sometimes secondary shares are also sold as IPOs. For a company to offer IPOs, they need to hire a corporate lawyer as well as an investment banker to underwrite the offer. The actual sale of the shares is generally offered by stock exchange or by regulators. When the company starts to offer IPOs, they are usually required to reveal financial information about the company so that investors know whether the companies a good investment or not.

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Cash Deposits Being able to answer the question what is an IPO? And knowing No Please. what IPO stands for is important if you're going to be investing in stocks or companies. Once you understand the definition of We are not IPO and of stock market IPO, you can begin learning how to use responsible for Cash this investment opportunity to make a profit. Initial public Deposits Made By You offerings make a good opportunity to make a profit because they are so inexpensive. In fact, many of the dot com millionaires of Please Deposit by the 1990s made their money simply through IPOs. Cheque Only.

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Why Do Companies Offer IPOs? In general, companies offer IPOs in order to raise money that they need for business expansion and new business opportunities. By offering shares to investors, a company stands to bring in a lot of money. They can then use this money to grow their business. The more their business grows, in turn, the higher the share prices grow and the more money is generated by investors purchasing shares. Unlike business loans, which need to be repaid with interest, IPOs do not have this disadvantage. It is investors who take the risk -- although also a potential gain -- buying shares. If the company loses money and they will not have to repay their investors, although investors in general demand high accountability from a company they are buying stocks from. Many companies simply see offering IPOs as the next stage in business growth. Since public companies often enjoy larger profits and can draw on a larger capital base than private businesses, IPOs seem like the logical way to grow a company for many CEOs. Who Can Join the IPO Program? Public investors can purchase IPOs through their regular investment channels, although they will need to act fast to take advantage of the initial low IPO costs. Businesses can take advantage of IPOs simply by offering public shares on the market. To do this, they require a corporate lawyer, transparent business and financial practices, and an investment banker. They also need a medium -- usually a stock exchange -- to actually sell the shares. Most businesses additionally hire

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marketers or someone who can advertise or market the stock. What are the Benefits of IPOs? For businesses, stocks and shares are a fast way to raise revenue for business expansion and growth. They also can take a business to the next level. By becoming a publicly traded company a business can take advantage of new, larger opportunities and can start working towards incorporation and even worldwide expansion. IPO gives a company fast access to public capital. Even though public offering can be costly and time consuming, the tradeoffs are very appealing to companies. IPOs are also a relatively low risk for businesses and have the potential for huge gains and for huge opportunities. The more investors wish to invest in a company, the more the company stands to or from IPOs and other stock offerings. For the investor, IPOs are attractive mainly because they may be undervalued. Initially, to make IPOs more attractive, many companies will offer their initial public offering at a low rate. This helps to encourage investors, and investors will often buy IPOs, thinking that the new company or the newly public company will be the next big thing with a huge profit margin. As prices grow and demand for the IPOs grows, early investors stand to make a lot of profit -- and very quickly. If you hope to invest in companies, understanding the answer to the question what is an IPO? is essential to your success. An initial public offering, the first time a company offers shares to the general public, is a great way to start building profit. Since IPOs are in some cases undervalued they can often be sold with it a short period for good profit.
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The ideas of Charles Dow, the first editor of the Wall Street Journal, form the basis of technical

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analysis today. Dow created the Industrial Average, of top blue chip stocks, and a second average of top railroad stocks (now the Transport Average). He believed that the behavior of the averages reflected the hopes and fears of the entire market. The behavior patterns that he observed apply to markets throughout the world. Click Here

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Dow Theory
Three Movements Market has a tendency to fluctuate. Markets fluctuate in more than one time frame at the same time: There are three well defined movements in market which fit into each other.
• • • The first is the daily variation due to local causes and the balance of buying and selling at that particular time (Ripple). The secondary movement covers a period ranging from days to weeks, averaging probably between six to eight weeks (Wave). The third move is the great swing covering anything from months to years, averaging between 6 to 48 months. (Tide).

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Bull markets are broad upward movements of the market that may last several years, interrupted by secondary reactions. Bear markets are long declines interrupted by secondary rallies. These movements are referred to as the primary trend. Secondary movements normally retrace from one third to two thirds of the primary trend since the previous secondary movement. Daily fluctuations are important for short-term trading, but are unimportant in analysis of broad market movements.

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Various cycles have subsequently been identified within these broad categories. Technical Indicators Fundamental Analysis Analysis(Fundamental) Equities Valuation Financial Statement Analysis Profitability Ratios

Dow Theory
Primary Movements have Three Phases Some General Conditions in the market. Bull markets
• • Bull markets commence with reviving confidence as business conditions improve. Prices rise as the market responds to improved earnings

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Rampant speculation dominates the market and price advances are based on hopes and expectations rather than actual results.

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Bear markets
• • • Bear markets start with abandonment of the hopes and expectations that sustained inflated prices. Prices decline in response to disappointing earnings. Distress selling follows as speculators attempt to close out their positions and securities are sold without regard to their true value.

4. Rules No 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, --> Follow Rule No. 1

Ranging Markets
• • A secondary reaction may take the form of a ‘line’ which may endure for several weeks. Price fluctuates within a narrow range of about five per cent.

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• • • Advances above the upper limit of the line signal accumulation and higher prices; Declines below the lower limit indicate distribution and lower prices; Volume is used to confirm price breakouts.

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Dow Theory
Trends Bull Trends A bull trend is identified by a series of rallies where each rally exceeds the highest point of the previous rally. The decline, between rallies, ends above the lowest point of the previous decline. Successive higher highs and higher lows.

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The start of an up trend is signaled when price makes a higher low (trough), followed by a rally above the previous high (peak): Start = higher Low + break above previous High. The end is signaled by a lower high (peak), followed by a decline below the previous low (trough): End = lower High + break below previous Low.

What if the series of higher Highs and higher Lows is first broken by a lower Low? There are two possible interpretations - see Large Corrections.

Bear Trends
Each successive rally fails to penetrate the high point of the previous rally. Each decline terminates at a lower point than the preceding decline. Successive lower highs and lower lows.

A bear trend starts at the end of a bull trend: when a rally ends with a lower peak and then retreats below the previous low. The end of a bear trend is identical to the start of a bull trend. What if the series of lower Highs and lower Lows is first broken by a higher High? This is a gray area - see Large Corrections.

Dow Theory
Large Corrections A large correction occurs when price falls below the previous low (during a bull trend) or where price rises above the previous high (in a bear trend).

Some purists argue that a trend ends if the sequence of higher highs and higher lows is broken. Others argue that a bear trend has not started until there is a lower High and Low nor has a bull trend started until there is a higher Low and High. For practical purposes: Only accept large corrections as trend changes in the primary trend:

• •

A bull trend starts when price rallies above the previous high,

A bull trend ends when price declines below the previous low, A bear trend starts at the end of a bull trend (and vice versa).

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What are bear and bull markets?
A bull market is one where prices are rising, whereas a bear market is one where prices are falling. The two terms are also used to describe types of investors. These terms gives a general impression of how the market is doing. This article covers:
• What drives bull and bear markets? How to predict bull and bear markets? What do you about the conditions in bull and bear markets? The media as well as investors often use terms such as bull market and bear market. They give a general impression of how the market is doing. A bull market is one where prices are rising, whereas a bear market is one where prices are falling. The two terms are also used to describe types of investors. A stock market bull is someone who has a very optimistic view of the market; they may be stock-holders or maybe investors who aggressively buy and sell stocks quickly. A bear investor, on the other hand, is pessimistic about the market and may make more conservative stock choices. Sometimes, the terms are used to refer to specific funds or stocks. Bear market funds, for example, are those that are falling and faring poorly. Investors sometimes refer to bull stocks to describe securities that are aggressively rising and making their investors money. Knowing what is meant by the bear and bull market can help you understand whether the market is currently rising or falling. There is no need to get frightened by a bear market indicator; however, as experts agree that the market is cyclical. When prices start falling, they will eventually recoup.

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What Drives Bear and Bull Markets?
The stock market is affected by many economic factors. High employment levels, strong economy, and stable social and economic conditions generally build investor confidence and encourage investors to put their money in the stock market. Often, this can bolster bull markets. Also, new technologies and companies that encourage investors to put their money in stocks can create bull markets. For example, in the 1990s, the dot com craze encouraged many investors to put their money in stocks that they felt would keep increasing. In some cases, a bullish market is simply self-perpetuating. Since the market is doing well, it only encourages investors to invest more money or to start investing. On the other hand, discouraging economic or social political changes in a society can push the market down. Sudden instability or unemployment -- or even fears of unemployment caused by wars and other problems -can start to make investors more conservative and therefore lead to bear markets. Of course, again this becomes a self-perpetuating trend. As the economy slows down, companies begin downsizing. Increased unemployment makes people far less willing to gamble on the stock market. Sometimes, a panic caused by dire predictions about the market can also create bearish conditions.

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How To Predict Bear and Bull Markets?
The easiest way to predict both types of markets is to realize that what goes up must come down. That is, if the market is rising, then you know that at some point it will start to fall again. Similarly, if the market is currently falling, you can be certain that eventually it will pick up again. There are no precise ways to predict either bull or bear markets, although general social economic situations can help you to determine what will happen. A country which wages a war will experience bullish market conditions as government contracts create more jobs and boost investor confidence if their expectation is to win. Sudden international crises push the market downward and create bearish conditions. News is very often a good indicator of where investors are headed. The reports will inform about loss of investor confidence as well as sudden economic downturns that may affect the market. If you notice from stock market research that several indexes have changed by 15% to 20%, you can be sure that market direction is changing. When you notice such changes, it is time to sit up and take notice. You may be headed for a bullish or bearish market.

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Market Conditions In Both Cases
While referring to markets is either bull or bear is very general, there are certain types of specific markets conditions that exist in both markets. For example, a bullish market is often accompanied by a sudden increase demand for securities and smaller supplies of the same securities. This is because more investors are willing to buy securities while fewer wish to sell. This, of course, only pushes prices higher. The very opposite is true in a bearish market. The investor's behavior is another condition prevalent in both markets. In bullish markets, there's a sudden

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increase interest in the stock market. More people are hopeful about possible profits on the stock market and most people are optimistic about economic conditions. In a bearish market, investors are not very confident and therefore invest less.

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Investing During Bear and Bull Markets
New investors often assume that they need to avoid investing during bear markets, and invest heavily during bull markets. This is not the case. Experienced investors know that you need to be able to invest in any sort of market condition, provided that you do so wisely. Each investor has a different strategy for dealing with a bull market or bearish markets. Many investors try to take advantage of bull markets by buying stocks as soon as the market gets bullish, and then starting to sell when prices seem to have reached their peak. The difficulty, of course, is that it is almost impossible to tell when the trend is beginning and when it will peak. In general, investors can take more chances with the market during a bullish phase. Since overall prices will rise, the chances of making a profit are good. In bearish market conditions, prices are falling and the possibility of loss is pretty good. What is worse, it is not always possible to tell when bearish conditions will end. Therefore, if you invest during such market conditions, you may have to suffer some losses before bullish times return and you're able to realize a profit. For this reason, many investors decide on short selling or fixed income securities and other more conservative types of investment. Defensive stocks are another good option that remain stable during bearish conditions. On the other hand, some investors see bearish market conditions as an ideal time to invest in more stocks. Since many people are selling off their stocks -- including valuable blue-chip stocks -- at low prices, it is possible to set up long-term investments that will prove valuable during bullish times. While every investor loves to see the upswing in prices during a bull market, the wise investor will be able to handle a bear market as well. Whether you are just beginning to invest or are an experienced investor, learning to deal with various market conditions you neen not panic but decide patiently on investment.

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Stock Market Technical Analysis
Technical Analysis is the study of prices and volume, for forecasting of future stock price or Click Here financial price movements.Technical analysis can help investors anticipate what is "likely" to happen to prices over time. Technical analysis is not an exact science. It's an art and takes considerable experience. But don't worry everyone with each knowledge can learn it.

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Basic Principles
Technical Analysis is based on these three basic principles: #1 - Price Discounts Everything

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Technical analysts believe that the current price fully reflects all information. Because all information is already reflected in the price, it represents the fair value, and should form the basis for analysis. After all, the market price reflects the sum knowledge of all participants, including traders, and … Stock Market Technical analysis utilizes the information captured by the price to interpret what the market is saying with the purpose of forming a view on the future. #2 - Prices Move in Trends

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Technical analysts or chartists believe that profits can be made by following the trends. In other words if the price has risen, they expect it to continue rising; if the price has fallen, they expect it to continue falling. However, most technicians also acknowledge that there are

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Technical analysts believe that investors en masse repeat their behavior and they assume that there is useful information hidden within price histories; that it is a way of analyzing the past actions of people in a particular market as reflected by their actual transactions.

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Every technical analyst needs charts and indicators to study market. Three common types of charts are used by investors: Line Chart, Bar Chart and Candlestick Chart. Line Chart is formed by plotting one price point, usually the close, of a security over a period of time. Connecting the dots, or price points, over a period of time, creates the line.

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Learn basics about Fundamental Analysis The definition of Fundamental Analysis
Fundamental analysis is a stock valuation method that uses financial and economic analysis to predict the movement of stock prices. The fundamental information that is analyzed can include a company's financial reports, and nonfinanical information such as estimates of the growth of demand for competing products, industry comparisons, and economy-wide changes.

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To a fundamentalist, the market price of a stock tends to move towards its intrinsic value. If the intrinsic value of a stock is above the current market price, the investor would purchase the stock, and if the intrinsic value of a stock was below the market price, the investor would sell the stock. To start a fundamentalist makes an examination of the current and future overall health of the economy as a whole. In this step you should attempt to determine the direction and level of interest rates. After you analyzed the overall economy then analyze firms individually. You should analyze factors that give the firm a competitive advantage in its sector such as management experience, history of performance, growth potential, low cost producer, and etc.

Some expressions of Stock Fundamental Analysis
For beginning I describe some stock fundamental analysis expressions that are more important: #1- EPS: (Earnings Per Share) The portion of a company's profit allocated to each outstanding share of common stock. The amount is computed by dividing net earnings by the number of outstanding shares of common stock. For example, a corporation that earned $10 million last year and has 10 million shares outstanding would report earnings per share of $1. #2- P/E Ratio: (Price/ EPS) Also called its "earnings multiple", Price of a stock divided by its earnings per share. The P/E ratio may either use the reported earnings from the latest year or employ an analyst's forecast of next year's earnings. P/E gives investors an idea of how much they are paying for a company's earning power. An important notice here is that the P/E ratio is ultimately not an objective measure; a high P/E ratio might show an overvalued stock, or it might reflect a company with high potential for growth. #3- Dividend Dividend is an amount of the profits that a company pays to people who own shares in the company. When a company earns a profit, some of this money is typically reinvested in the business and called retained earnings, and some of it can be paid to its shareholders as a dividend. #4- Book Value The book value of an asset or group of assets is sometimes the price at which they were originally acquired ( historic cost ), in many cases equal to purchase price. #5- Growth Stocks

Growth Stocks in finance , are stocks that appreciate in value and yield a high return on equity (ROE). Analysts compute ROE by taking the company's net income and dividing it by the company's equity. To be classified as a growth stock, analysts expect to see at least 15 percent ROE.

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The intrinsic value (P0) of the stock paying a dividend 'D' and the Click Here expected price of 'P1' and the required rate of return 'Rr' is given by P0 = (D+ P1)/(1+Rr) Highlights Therefore from the above formula, we can derive the required rate of return (Rr) as
Rr = (D/P0) + g

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where (D/P0) is called as Dividend Yield.

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No Website in India gives complete The expected price 'P0' of the equity share which has a price growth of results as "Past 'g' and the required rate of return 'Rr' is given by P0 = D/(Rr-g) Performance".
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But We Provide Complete "Past The dividend per share of ABC Ltd. is Rs.5.00. It is expected to grow at Performance" of our a rate of 4% per year. What is the expected rate of return for the investor calls Which you can when the current market rate of the share is Rs.50 see in our Past Performance Page. Rr = (5/50) + 4% i.e. 10% + 4% = 14% In case of companies having the Earnings as the only source of income, then the required rate of return is given by Intrinsic Value = (Earning per share * Dividend payout ratio) * 100 (Discount rate - Growth rate)
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What is the intrinsic value per share of scrip XYZ Ltd. given the following ? We are not responsible for Cash Earning per share = Rs.3.00

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Dividend payout ratio = 0.6 Discount rate = 15% Growth rate = 6%
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Intrinsic Value = (Earning per share * Dividend payout ratio) * 100 (Discount rate - Growth rate) = (3.00 * 0.6)*100 / (15 - 6) = Rs.20
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2. You have to make The other approach used in financial analysis is the Price-Earnings (P/E) positions for ratio approach, the value as per the P/E approach is given by minimum 7 days or end of the settlement Value = Earning per share (EPS) * Price Earnings ratio & follow stop loss strictly. where EPS = (profit after Tax / no. of equity shares outstanding) P/E = (Market Price of the share / EPS) 3. Read Disclaimer
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4. Rules No 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, --> Follow Rule No. What is the Price-Earnings ratio of the company if the Profit after tax is 1 Rs.100 crore. The current market rate of the share is Rs.250 /EPS = (PAT - Preference Dividend)/ Issue capital

= (Rs.100 Cr. - Rs.10 Cr.)/ 90 lakh shares = 100 Therefore, P/E = Market Price/EPS = Rs.250 / 100 = 2.5

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Now get Support & Resistance of any scrip by using our Book Value Approach: Excellent tool which Book value per share of a company is gives support & resistance up to 3 Book Value = (net worth of the company / no. of shares levels. outstanding) where net worth includes equity capital of the company, reserves and surplus. The intrinsic value thus arrived may vary due to the accounting policy followed by the company.
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Advertisement What is the book value of the firm having a net worth of Rs.2500 crore and the number of shares outstanding is 50 crore? Intrinsic Book Value = Rs.2500 crore / 50 crore = Rs.50
Liquidation Value of the Share Approach :

The value of the shares on liquidation of the company is the company is calculated after deducting the amount to be paid to the creditors & the preference shareholders. Thus the value of the share is given by
Value = (Liquidation value of the company - Amount paid to be the creditors & preference shareholders) / no. of equity shares outstanding. Example:

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liquidation of it assets. The company had to pay Rs.1 crore to the creditors. What is the value of the shares, if the total outstanding number of share is 45 lakh. Value of each share = (Rs.10 crore - Rs.1 crore)/ 45 lakh share = Rs.20

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The intrinsic value (P0) of the stock paying a dividend 'D' and the Click Here expected price of 'P1' and the required rate of return 'Rr' is given by P0 = (D+ P1)/(1+Rr) Highlights Therefore from the above formula, we can derive the required rate of return (Rr) as
Rr = (D/P0) + g

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where (D/P0) is called as Dividend Yield.

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No Website in India gives complete The expected price 'P0' of the equity share which has a price growth of results as "Past 'g' and the required rate of return 'Rr' is given by P0 = D/(Rr-g) Performance".
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But We Provide Complete "Past The dividend per share of ABC Ltd. is Rs.5.00. It is expected to grow at Performance" of our a rate of 4% per year. What is the expected rate of return for the investor calls Which you can when the current market rate of the share is Rs.50 see in our Past Performance Page. Rr = (5/50) + 4%

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i.e. 10% + 4% = 14%

Click Here to Check In case of companies having the Earnings as the only source of income, Our Results. then the required rate of return is given by Intrinsic Value = (Earning per share * Dividend payout ratio) * 100 (Discount rate - Growth rate)
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No Cash Deposits What is the intrinsic value per share of scrip XYZ Ltd. given the following Please. ? We are not Earning per share = Rs.3.00 responsible for Cash Dividend payout ratio = 0.6 Deposits Made By You Discount rate = 15% Growth rate = 6% Please Deposit by Cheque Only. Solution: Intrinsic Value = (Earning per share * Dividend payout ratio) * 100 (Discount rate - Growth rate) = (3.00 * 0.6)*100 / (15 - 6) = Rs.20
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The other approach used in financial analysis is the Price-Earnings (P/E) 2. You have to make positions for ratio approach, the value as per the P/E approach is given by minimum 7 days or end of the settlement Value = Earning per share (EPS) * Price Earnings ratio & follow stop loss where EPS = (profit after Tax / no. of equity shares outstanding) strictly. P/E = (Market Price of the share / EPS) 3. Read Disclaimer
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4. Rules No 5, 6, 7, 8, What is the Price-Earnings ratio of the company if the Profit after tax is 9, --> Follow Rule No. Rs.100 crore. The current market rate of the share is Rs.250 /1
EPS = (PAT - Preference Dividend)/ Issue capital

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= (Rs.100 Cr. - Rs.10 Cr.)/ 90 lakh shares = 100 Therefore, P/E = Market Price/EPS = Rs.250 / 100 = 2.5

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Now get Support & Resistance of any scrip by using our Book Value Approach: Excellent tool which Book value per share of a company is gives support & resistance up to 3 Book Value = (net worth of the company / no. of shares levels. outstanding) where net worth includes equity capital of the company, reserves and surplus. The intrinsic value thus arrived may vary due to the accounting policy followed by the company.
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What is the book value of the firm having a net worth of Rs.2500 crore and the number of shares outstanding is 50 crore?

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= Rs.2500 crore / 50 crore

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The value of the shares on liquidation of the company is the company is calculated after deducting the amount to be paid to the creditors & the preference shareholders. Thus the value of the share is given by
Value = (Liquidation value of the company - Amount paid to be the creditors & preference shareholders) / no. of equity shares outstanding. Example:

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The company XYZ LTD. is liquidated realizing Rs.10 crore from liquidation of it assets. The company had to pay Rs.1 crore to the creditors. What is the value of the shares, if the total outstanding number of share is 45 lakh. Value of each share = (Rs.10 crore - Rs.1 crore)/ 45 lakh share = Rs.20

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Gross Profit implies net sales less cost of goods sold. Click Here This ratio shows the margin left after meeting manufacturing costs and Highlights measures the production efficiency.

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sales. It measures the overall efficiency of production, administration, No Website in India gives complete selling, financing, pricing and tax management. results as "Past Performance". Net Income to Total Assets Ratio But We Provide Complete "Past Performance" of our Valuation Ratio calls Which you can in our Past Valuation Ratio indicates hoe the equity stock of the company is see assessed in the capital market. Market value of equity reflects the Performance Page. influence of risk and return. Click Here to Check Our Results. Price Earnings (P/E) Ratio
Net Income to Total Assets Ratio Price Earning Ratio = Market price per share / Earning per share

Check Our Past Performance This ratio shows the profits lest for share holders as a percentage of net
Net Profit Ratio Net profit Margin Ratio = Net Profit / Net Sales

= Net Income (Profit) / Total Assets This measures how efficiency capital is employed.

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Market price per share may the price prevailing on a certain day or the No average price over a period of time. Deposits Earning per share is profit after tax divided by the number of outstanding Pay by equity shares. The P/E Ratio reflects the growth prospects, corporate image, risks No Cash involved and degree of liquidity of a firm. Please.
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Deposit Companies with low growth prospects offer a high dividend yield and a Please low capital gains yield. Companies with high growth prospects offer a Cheque Only. low dividend yield and a high capital gains yield.

1. Nobody can make money in Intra-Day Trading 2. You have to make positions for minimum 7 days or end of the settlement & follow stop loss strictly.

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3. Read Disclaimer 4. Rules No 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, --> Follow Rule No. 1

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Technical indicators are the basis of technical analysis. There are dozens of technical indicators, how to choose good stock indicators? Technical indicators are used to know when to enter or exit a trade. If Click Here you know how to enter and exit a trade, you can easily make profits. Highlights That is why choosing good stock indicators are important. Some of stock indicators are more common and useful than others. Also you need a few of them to know when to enter or exit a trade not all off Check Our Past them. Performance Technical indicators can be divided into four major categorizes: 1- Price Indicators: Oscillators, Bollinger Bands 2- Trends 3- Number Theories: Fibonacci numbers, Gann numbers 4- Waves: Elliott's wave theory

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No Website in India gives complete results as "Past Performance".

But We Provide Complete "Past Performance" of our Price Indicators are computed by prices data. A subcategory of Price Indicators are oscillators. Oscillators are indicators that are usually calls Which you can computed from prices and tend to cycle or “oscillate” within a fixed or see in our Past limited range. Performance Page. Common oscillators are: Momentum and Rate of Change (ROC), Click Here to Check Moving Average Convergence/Divergence (MACD), Relative Strength Our Results. Index (RSI), and Stochastic Oscillator.
Momentum and Rate of Change (ROC)

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Momentum is an oscillator designed to measure the rate of price Deposits change, not the actual price level. This oscillator consists of the net Pay by difference between the current closing price and the oldest closing price Only from predetermined period. No Cash The formula is: Please. Momentum (M) = CCP – OCP Where: CCP is Current Closing Price and OCP is Old Closing Price

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Momentum is simply the difference, and the ROC is a ratio expressed in Please Deposit by percentage. Momentum and Rate of Change (ROC) are simple Cheque Only. indicators showing the difference between today's price and the close N days ago. Momentum in general term means strongly movement of Rules prices in a given direction. 1. Nobody can make money in Intra-Day Moving Average Convergence/Divergence (MACD) Trading MACD is computed by subtracting a longer moving average from a 2. You have to make shorter moving average. MACD is used with a signal or trigger line, positions for which is a moving average of MACD. If MACD and trigger line cross, minimum 7 days or then this indicate that a change in the trend is likely. MACD developed end of the settlement by Gerald Appel. & follow stop loss The MACD smoothes data, as does a moving average; but it also strictly. removes some of the trend, highlighting cycles and sometimes moving in 3. Read Disclaimer coincidence with the market . 4. Rules No 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, --> Follow Rule No. RSI measures the relative changes between up-moves or down-moves 1 and scales its output to a fixed range, 0 to 100. RSI is an oscillator and Welles Wilder devised it.
Relative Strength Index (RSI)

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The formula for calculating RSI is: RSI = 100 – [100/ (1+RS)]

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Now get Support & of any Where: RS is average of N days up closes, divided by average of N Resistance days down closes and N is predetermined number of days that usually scrip by using our Excellent tool which chosen 14. gives support & RSI can use as an overbought/oversold indicator. A buy signal is when resistance up to 3 the RSI moves below a threshold, into oversold territory, and then levels. crosses back above that threshold, usually 30 is taken for oversold threshold. A sell is signaled when the RSI moves above another Click Here to Use it Now. threshold, into overbought territory, and then crosses below that threshold, usually 70 is taken for overbought threshold. Advertisement

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Technical Indicators - part 2
In this page you will be familiar with two indicators: an oscillator that is Stochastic Oscillator and Bollinger Bands indicator. As I mentioned before, Oscillators are technical indicators that tend to cycle or “oscillate” within a fixed or limited range, and Momentum in general term means strongly movement of prices in a given direction.
Stochastic Oscillator

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The Stochastic Oscillator is a momentum indicator, it indicates whether the market is moving to new highs or new lows or is just meandering in the middle. This indicator is based on George Lane 's observations. The Stochastic Oscillator is plotted in two lines Fast %k and Fast %D. The formula is:

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Fast %k = 100 * [( C – L (n) ) / ( H (n) – L (n) )] Where: C is the most recent closing price. L (n) is the low of n previous trading day (or bar). H (n) is the high price of the same n previous day (or bar). Usually n is chosen 14. A 3-period (day or bar) moving average is taken from Fast %k and called Fast %D. Fast %D is used as a signal line in the same way that the moving average of the MACD is used as a signal line for the MACD. Stochastic Oscillator is plotted in two lines but, usually these lines cross each other many times. Now to smooth the chart, a 3-period moving average is taken from Fast %D and called Slow %D (Also, Fast %D is called Slow %K), so the smoothed chart is plotted with Slow %K and Slow %D.
Using of Stochastic Oscillator

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1- Oscillators are used as an overbought/oversold indicator. A buy is signaled when the oscillator moves below 20, and then crosses back above 20. A sell is signaled when the oscillator moves above 80, and then crosses below 80. 2- Also, when %K crosses above or below %D, Buy and sell signals can be given. But, may be crossover occurs frequently in short periods and causes bad results. This using isn't very common.
Bollinger Bands

John Bollinger created Bollinger Bands in the 1960s; Bollinger Bands are used to determine support and resistance levels. This indicator consists of three lines; the middle line is an exponential moving average of price data and the two outside bands are equal to the moving average plus or minus standard deviation. Standard Deviation is a statistical measure that indicates volatility of price. The bands will expand when price becomes volatile and they will contract during less volatile periods.
Using of Bollinger Bands

1- Bollinger Bands are used to determine the boundaries of market movements. If a market moved to the upper band or lower band, then there was a good chance that the market would move back to its average. In the other words, when price closes to upper band, market is overbought and when price closes to lower band, market is oversold. 2- Another using of Bollinger bands is that to indicate up-trends and down-trends. If price deflects off the lower band and crosses above moving average then price fluctuate between upper band and moving average, it comes to indicate upper price target. It is visa versa to indicate lower price. Advertisement
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Technical indicators are the basis of technical analysis. There are dozens of technical indicators, how to choose good stock indicators? Technical indicators are used to know when to enter or exit a trade. If Click Here you know how to enter and exit a trade, you can easily make profits. Highlights That is why choosing good stock indicators are important. Some of stock indicators are more common and useful than others. Also you need a few of them to know when to enter or exit a trade not all off Check Our Past them. Performance Technical indicators can be divided into four major categorizes: 1- Price Indicators: Oscillators, Bollinger Bands 2- Trends 3- Number Theories: Fibonacci numbers, Gann numbers 4- Waves: Elliott's wave theory

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Home Past Performance (Free) Recommendations (Paid) Services Guideline of our Call Account Status Update Profile Sitemap Disclaimer

No Website in India gives complete results as "Past Performance".

But We Provide Complete "Past Price Indicators are computed by prices data. A subcategory of Price Performance" of our Indicators are oscillators. Oscillators are indicators that are usually calls Which you can computed from prices and tend to cycle or “oscillate” within a fixed or see in our Past limited range. Performance Page. Common oscillators are: Momentum and Rate of Change (ROC), Click Here to Check Moving Average Convergence/Divergence (MACD), Relative Strength Our Results. Index (RSI), and Stochastic Oscillator.

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No Cash Momentum is an oscillator designed to measure the rate of price Deposits Please / change, not the actual price level. This oscillator consists of the net Pay by Cheque difference between the current closing price and the oldest closing price Only from predetermined period.
Momentum and Rate of Change (ROC)

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The formula is: Momentum (M) = CCP – OCP Where: CCP is Current Closing Price and OCP is Old Closing Price

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Momentum is simply the difference, and the ROC is a ratio expressed in Please Deposit by percentage. Momentum and Rate of Change (ROC) are simple Cheque Only. indicators showing the difference between today's price and the close N days ago. Momentum in general term means strongly movement of prices in a given direction. Rules 1. Nobody can make money in Intra-Day Moving Average Convergence/Divergence (MACD) Trading MACD is computed by subtracting a longer moving average from a

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Trading Methods
Trend Trading

shorter moving average. MACD is used with a signal or trigger line, 2. You have to make which is a moving average of MACD. If MACD and trigger line cross, positions for then this indicate that a change in the trend is likely. MACD developed minimum 7 days or by Gerald Appel. end of the settlement The MACD smoothes data, as does a moving average; but it also & follow stop loss removes some of the trend, highlighting cycles and sometimes moving in strictly. coincidence with the market . 3. Read Disclaimer
Relative Strength Index (RSI)

Futures & Options
Open Interest 1 Open Interest 2 Risk Of Trading

4. Rules No 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, --> Follow Rule No. RSI measures the relative changes between up-moves or down-moves and scales its output to a fixed range, 0 to 100. RSI is an oscillator and 1 Welles Wilder devised it. The formula for calculating RSI is: RSI = 100 – [100/ (1+RS)]

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Now get Support & Where: RS is average of N days up closes, divided by average of N Resistance of any days down closes and N is predetermined number of days that usually scrip by using our chosen 14. Excellent tool which support & RSI can use as an overbought/oversold indicator. A buy signal is when gives the RSI moves below a threshold, into oversold territory, and then resistance up to 3 crosses back above that threshold, usually 30 is taken for oversold levels. threshold. A sell is signaled when the RSI moves above another threshold, into overbought territory, and then crosses below that Click Here to Use it Now. threshold, usually 70 is taken for overbought threshold. Advertisement

Support Resistance Calculator

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Risk Management Investment Advice Mutual Funds IPO Stock Parameter Stock Analysis Stock Market Charts Bull & Bear Markets Stock Exchanges

Technical Indicators - part 2
In this page you will be familiar with two indicators: an oscillator that is Stochastic Oscillator and Bollinger Bands indicator. As I mentioned before, Oscillators are technical indicators that tend to cycle or “oscillate” within a fixed or limited range, and Momentum in general term means strongly movement of prices in a given direction.
Stochastic Oscillator

Extras
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Other Informative links

The Stochastic Oscillator is a momentum indicator, it indicates whether the market is moving to new highs or new lows or is just meandering in the middle. This indicator is based on George Lane 's observations. The Stochastic Oscillator is plotted in two lines Fast %k and Fast %D. The formula is: Fast %k = 100 * [( C – L (n) ) / ( H (n) – L (n) )] Where: C is the most recent closing price. L (n) is the low of n previous trading day (or bar). H (n) is the high price of the same n previous day (or bar). Usually n is chosen 14. A 3-period (day or bar) moving average is taken from Fast %k and called Fast %D. Fast %D is used as a signal line in the same way that the

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moving average of the MACD is used as a signal line for the MACD. Stochastic Oscillator is plotted in two lines but, usually these lines cross each other many times. Now to smooth the chart, a 3-period moving average is taken from Fast %D and called Slow %D (Also, Fast %D is called Slow %K), so the smoothed chart is plotted with Slow %K and Slow %D.
Using of Stochastic Oscillator

1- Oscillators are used as an overbought/oversold indicator. A buy is signaled when the oscillator moves below 20, and then crosses back above 20. A sell is signaled when the oscillator moves above 80, and then crosses below 80. 2- Also, when %K crosses above or below %D, Buy and sell signals can be given. But, may be crossover occurs frequently in short periods and causes bad results. This using isn't very common.
Bollinger Bands

John Bollinger created Bollinger Bands in the 1960s; Bollinger Bands are used to determine support and resistance levels. This indicator consists of three lines; the middle line is an exponential moving average of price data and the two outside bands are equal to the moving average plus or minus standard deviation. Standard Deviation is a statistical measure that indicates volatility of price. The bands will expand when price becomes volatile and they will contract during less volatile periods.
Using of Bollinger Bands

1- Bollinger Bands are used to determine the boundaries of market movements. If a market moved to the upper band or lower band, then there was a good chance that the market would move back to its average. In the other words, when price closes to upper band, market is overbought and when price closes to lower band, market is oversold. 2- Another using of Bollinger bands is that to indicate up-trends and down-trends. If price deflects off the lower band and crosses above moving average then price fluctuate between upper band and moving average, it comes to indicate upper price target. It is visa versa to indicate lower price. Advertisement
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